In modern times, cardiac disease has emerged as the leading cause of death worldwide, particularly in developed countries. The World Health Organization reported that 16.7 million deaths in 2003 (29.2% of total global deaths) were caused by some form of cardiovascular disease. Though the rate of cardiac disease is highest in developed countries, developing countries are seeing an increase in the occurrence of cardiac disease, as well as a corresponding rise in the number of heart-related deaths. The World Health Organization estimates that by 2010, cardiac disease will surpass AIDS as the leading cause of death in developing countries.
As the largest cause of death worldwide, cardiac disease has spawned the development of an entire industry dedicated to its treatment. T
Cardiac (or cardiovascular) disease refers to any condition affecting the ability of the heart and/or blood vessels to function properly. There are many different kinds of cardiac disease, but they all threaten the circulatory system in one way or another. This is what makes cardiac disease so deadly; a disruption of the blood supply to any part of the body can lead to tissue damage or death, often within a matter of minutes. Some of the major types of cardiac disease include:
Common risk factors are:
There are many drugs available for the treatment of cardiac disease. Surgery is often used to decrease the risk of cardiac arrest, heart attacks, etc. Exercise regimens and dietary modifications are commonly recommended to patients in order to combat blood cholesterol and hypertension levels.
Medical device manufacturers