Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)  12 hrs ago  Comment 
BERLIN (dpa-AFX) - Germany's consumer prices rose slightly in May, reversing a similar size decline in the previous month, preliminary data from Destatis showed Monday. The consumer price index edged up 0.1 percent year-on-year following a...  May 30  Comment 
MADRID (dpa-AFX) - Spain's consumer prices declined for the fifth consecutive month in May, flash estimate from the statistical office INE showed Monday. Consumer prices dropped 1 percent year-on-year in May, slower than the 1.1 percent...
The Economic Times  May 29  Comment 
Annual rises in payouts from the final salary scheme would be linked to inflation as measured by the consumer prices index.  May 27  Comment 
CPI PROPERTY GROUP - corporate capital changes, new acquisitions and refinancing DGAP-News: CPI PROPERTY GROUP / Key word(s): Quarterly / Interim Statement CPI PROPERTY GROUP - corporate capital changes, new acquisitions...
Japan Today  May 27  Comment 
Japan's core consumer prices fell for a second straight month in April, dealing another blow to Tokyo's faltering war on deflation, data showed Friday. The negative reading of minus 0.3% offered fresh evidence of the challenges faced by the...  May 26  Comment 
CPI PROPERTY GROUP - General Meetings of Shareholders held on 26 May 2016 DGAP-News: CPI PROPERTY GROUP / Key word(s): AGM/EGM CPI PROPERTY GROUP - General Meetings of Shareholders held on 26 May 2016 26.05.2016 / 18:37 The issuer is solely...  May 26  Comment 
Full coverage as parliament discusses whether to cut the benefits due to Britain’s steel workers, to help Tata find a buyer Snap summary: MPs fear a dangerous precedent Sajid Javid’s statement - highlights start here Angela Eagle demands...  May 23  Comment 
Official CPI figures for the price of food and drink are vastly different from those unearthed by an ONS project which ‘scrapes’ supermarket website price data The price of food and drink may have fallen faster than official estimates,...
Channel News Asia  May 23  Comment 
Singapore's consumer prices fell 0.5 per cent last month, following a 1 per cent decline in March and a 0.8 per cent fall in February.
The Hindu Business Line  May 23  Comment 
The state Secretariat of the CPI (M) in Kerala is learnt to have decided to induct eight new faces into the list of 12 ministers the party will have in the 19-member cabinet led by Pinarayi Vijayan.


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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