Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)  4 hrs ago  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Estonia's consumer prices decreased for the eighth consecutive month in January, but at a slower pace than in the prior month, figures from Statistics Estonia showed Friday. The consumer price index slid 0.6 percent...  Feb 3  Comment 
ROME (dpa-AFX) - Italy's consumer prices rose at a faster pace at the start of the year as the rate of decline in energy prices eased, preliminary data from ISTAT showed Wednesday. The consumer price index rose 0.3 percent year-on-year in...  Feb 1  Comment 
CPI PROPERTY GROUP - Acquisition of Bondy Centrum in Mlada Boleslav, Czech Republic DGAP-News: CPI PROPERTY GROUP / Key word(s): Acquisition/Real Estate CPI PROPERTY GROUP - Acquisition of Bondy Centrum in Mlada Boleslav,...
The Hindu Business Line  Feb 1  Comment 
Inflation is still within January 2016 targets, but faces upward risks as CPI inflation has been inching up.  Jan 29  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Eurozone inflation accelerated for the second straight month in January, flash data from Eurostat showed Friday. Harmonized consumer prices rose 0.4 percent year-on-year, faster than the 0.2 percent increase seen in December....
Japan Today  Jan 29  Comment 
Japan's economy barely grew late last year, data released Friday suggest, as stagnant incomes, the slowdown in China and the mixed blessing of lower oil prices hobbled Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's recovery strategy. Abe's push to revitalize the...  Jan 28  Comment 
BERLIN (dpa-AFX) - Germany's consumer prices rose at the fastest pace in eight months during January, exceeding economists' expectations, preliminary data from Destatis showed Thursday. The consumer price index climbed 0.5 percent...  Jan 28  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - At 8.00 am ET Thursday, Germany's preliminary consumer price inflation has been released. Following the data, the euro changed little against its major rivals. The euro was worth 1.0904 against the greenback, 129.61...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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