Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

Cellular News  Jun 22  Comment 
PALO ALTO, Calif. Effective immediately, Communications andamp; Power Industries LLC (CPI) is combining the operations of its advanced antenna-related business units into a single division.andnbsp; Going forward, the former CPI Malibu Division and...
Cellular News  Jun 21  Comment 
PALO ALTO, Calif.andnbsp;SkyVision, a leading global telecom engineering, satellite communication service provider and managed service supplier, has selected Communications andamp; Power Industries LLC (CPI) to provide telemetry, tracking and...
The Hindu Business Line  Jun 20  Comment 
CPI’s D Raja emerges ‘serious contender’, BusinessLine learns
The Economic Times  Jun 15  Comment 
Consumer price index (CPI) inflation fell to 2.2% in May, but that was put down by facile analysis to plunging food prices and a good monsoon.
Clusterstock  Jun 14  Comment 
US consumer prices fell more than expected in May, according to the Department of Labor's monthly consumer price index (CPI).  Cheaper gas prices dragged the index down. Shelter, clothes, vehicles, and medical-care services also fell.  The...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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