Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

The Times of India  May 22  Comment 
GST) is likely to have minimal direct impact on the consumer price index (CPI) basket, a report by Morgan Stanley said. This is because most of the tax rates for the items in the CPI basket are likely to be taxed at a lower rate under the GST as...
Forbes  May 19  Comment 
The latest CPI report gives us more clues into our economy and it will be interesting to see if the Fed references the report ahead of their June 13-14 meeting.
The Hindu Business Line  May 18  Comment 
Most items in CPI basket will see lower taxes
Forex News  May 17  Comment 
The EUR/USD curreny pair rallied higher today after the release of the Eurozone core CPI data by Eurostat, which met market expectations. The currency pair hit a new six-month high during the American session as the US dollar weakened...
Clusterstock  May 16  Comment 
LONDON — UK inflation jumped again in April, climbing to its highest level since the summer of 2013, as the impact of the falling pound continues to filter through to the cost of goods in Britain. The ONS said that the UK's consumer price...
The Hindu Business Line  May 13  Comment 
SBI Ecowrap - CPI To Stay Below 3% For Next Couple Of Months: sub-2.5% a possibility [in PDF] ...
The Hindu Business Line  May 12  Comment 
CPI inflation for April is expected to slip to 3.2 per cent from 3.8 per cent in March, well within the RBI’s 2-6 per cent target, says a Bank of America Merrill Lynch (BofA-ML) report. According t...




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This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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