Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

The Australian  Mar 24  Comment 
US stocks have ended lower after a report showed US consumer prices in February increased for the first month since October.
MarketWatch  Mar 24  Comment 
Treasury yields continued their moderate downward trend without much reaction to a well bid auction, strong CPI and new-home sales data.
MarketWatch  Mar 24  Comment 
U.S. stocks opened lower on Tuesday as data showing the first increase in inflation in four months pushed the dollar higher, sending ripples through commodity and equity markets. Higher inflation is one of the metrics that the Federal Reserve...
The Economist  Mar 24  Comment 
THIS morning Britain's Office for National Statistics announced that inflation, as measured by the Consumer Prices Index (CPI), dropped to 0% in February (see chart): down from 0.3% in January and 0.5% in December. Rather disturbingly, that...
MarketWatch  Mar 24  Comment 
U.S. consumer prices rose in February for the first time in fourth months, as gas prices rebounded and the cost of food and shelter increased again. The consumer price index climbed a seasonally adjusted 0.2%, the Labor Department said Tuesday....
Wall Street Journal  Mar 24  Comment 
The Hindu Business Line  Mar 23  Comment 
Country’s central bank may ease monetary policy in April
New York Times  Mar 22  Comment 
February’s Consumer Price Index data will be released on Tuesday. Later in the week, Facebook will hold its annual conference for app developers and Janet L. Yellen will speak in San Francisco.




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This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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