Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)  Jun 5  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Estonia's consumer prices increased for the first time in one year in May, though slightly, figures from Statistics Estonia showed Friday. The consumer price index edged up 0.1 percent year-over-year in May, in...  Jun 4  Comment 
NICOSIA (dpa-AFX) - Cyprus' consumer prices continued to decline in May, but at a slightly slower pace than in the prior month, figures from the Statistical Service showed Thursday. The consumer price index dropped 2.0 percent year-over-year...  Jun 3  Comment 
CANBERA (dpa-AFX) - The euro resumed its early rally in New York morning deals on Wednesday, after the European Central Bank President Mario upgraded inflation forecast for the euro area in this year, while reiterating his intention to conduct...
New York Times  Jun 2  Comment 
Eurostat reported a 0.3 percent increase in May from a year earlier, but the numbers remain far below the European Central Bank’s target level.
Daily FX  Jun 1  Comment 
Positive developments coming out of the euro-area may keep the single-currency afloat going into the European Central Bank’s (ECB) June 3 policy meeting.  Jun 1  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - German CPI for May has been released at 8:00 am ET Monday. The euro traded mixed against its major counterparts after the data. While the euro edged up against the pound, it changed little against the rest of major...
Benzinga  Jun 1  Comment 
EUR/USD is trading at 1.0915, down 0.0067. Chatter about this week's ECB monetary policy meeting and U.S. data continues to keep trading active. German CPI year-over-year CPI came out at up 0.8 percent versus 0.5 percent on the previous...  May 29  Comment 
CPI PROPERTY GROUP continues in successful business operations, expansion plans and refinancing of existing projects DGAP-News: CPI PROPERTY GROUP / Key word(s): Quarter Results CPI PROPERTY GROUP continues in successful business...  May 29  Comment 
LJUBLJANA (dpa-AFX) - Slovenia's consumer prices dropped for the fifth straight month in May, figures from the Statistical Office of the Republic Slovenia showed Friday. The consumer price index declined 0.5 percent year-over-year in May,...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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