Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

Benzinga  2 hrs ago  Comment 
AUD/USD is trading at 0.7410, up 0.0036. The pair is trading choppy near the highs of the session. The Reserve Bank of Australia Governor Glenn Stevens is scheduled to speak tonight at 11:00 p.m. ET. Australian year-over year CPI and...  5 hrs ago  Comment 
HONG KONG (dpa-AFX) - Hong Kong consumer prices increased to a three-month high as expected in June, data from the Census and Statistics Department showed Tuesday. The composite consumer price index climbed 3.1 percent in June from last...
The Australian  9 hrs ago  Comment 
The dollar continued to circle in a narrow range just above six-year lows today ahead of key inflation data and a Glenn Stevens speech.
The Hindu Business Line  Jul 20  Comment 
Party’s wooing of estranged leaders and allies may not help in expanding base
Benzinga  Jul 20  Comment 
AUD/USD is trading at 0.7382, up 0.0026. The pair is trading rangebound and choppy just under the highs of the session. Chatter about monetary policy by the Reserve Bank of Australia is making the rounds. Australian year-over-year CPI and...
Japan Today  Jul 18  Comment 
Japan is conducting a reshuffle of goods in its consumer price index basket that will ditch items on the kids' menu in exchange for hearing aids to reflect changes in consumer spending caused by its rapidly aging population. The reshuffle,...  Jul 17  Comment 
CANBERA (dpa-AFX) - Canada's consumer price index for June has been released at 8:30 am ET Friday. The loonie retreated from its early highs against its major rivals after the data. The loonie was trading at 1.4109 against the euro, 0.9595...  Jul 17  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - The U.S. consumer price index, building permits and housing starts for June are due at 8:30 am ET Friday. Ahead of these reports, the greenback showed mixed trading against its major rivals. While the greenback rose against...  Jul 17  Comment 
CANBERA (dpa-AFX) - The Canadian dollar weakened against most major currencies in the early European session on Friday amid risk aversion, as traders try to cash in on the recent big gains on optimism surrounding the Greek debt deal. Meanwhile,...
Daily FX  Jul 17  Comment 
A marked uptick in the U.S. Consumer Price Index (CPI) may push EUR/USD back towards the May low (1.0818) should the data boost bets for a Fed rate hike in 2015.


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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