Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)  Mar 24  Comment 
CANBERA (dpa-AFX) - The Canadian dollar slipped against its major counterparts in the European session on Friday, following a data showing an unexpected decline in the nation's consumer price inflation in February. Data from Statistics...  Mar 24  Comment 
CANBERA (dpa-AFX) - Following the release of Canada consumer prices for February at 8:30 am ET Friday, the loonie slipped against its major rivals. The loonie was trading at 1.4437 against the euro, 83.04 against the yen, 1.0177 against the...  Mar 24  Comment 
Channel News Asia  Mar 23  Comment 
The consumer price index rose to 0.7 per cent in February from 0.6 per cent in the previous month, largely due to increases in transport, education and healthcare prices. 
Forex News  Mar 21  Comment 
The GBP/USD today maintained the gains made after the release of UK Consumer Price Index data for February released by the Office for National Statistics, which beat expectations. The currency pair was largely unaffected...  Mar 21  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - The British pound strengthened against the other major currencies in the European session on Tuesday, after data showed that U.K. inflation exceeded the Bank of England's 2 percent target in February for the first time...
The Economic Times  Mar 19  Comment 
Although services account for around 60% of the country's economy, they are neither captured fully by the Wholesale Price Index based inflation nor the Consumer Price Index.  Mar 16  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - After the release of Eurozone consumer prices for February at 6:00 am ET Thursday, the euro changed little against its major rivals. The euro was trading at 1.0711 against the greenback, 121.49 against the yen, 1.0706 against...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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