Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)  Apr 11  Comment 
MADRID (dpa-AFX) - Spain's consumer prices dropped for the first time in five months in March but it fell at a slower than estimated pace, final data from the statistical office INE showed Friday. Consumer prices dropped 0.1 percent...
Daily FX  Apr 11  Comment 
The Euro edged higher against the US Dollar after the final revision of March’s German CPI report confirmed previously released flash estimates.
FX Street  Apr 11  Comment 
Consumer prices rose 2.4% y/y in March as expected, comfortably below the government’s full-year... For more information, read our latest forex news and reports.
FX Street  Apr 11  Comment 
Asian Market Update: Nikkei225 falls to 6-month lows below 14K; China CPI recovers from 13-month... For more information, read our latest forex news and reports.  Apr 11  Comment 
CANBERA (dpa-AFX) - The Australian and New Zealand dollars declined against their major counterparts in Asian deals on Friday, as most Asian markets declined, tracking heavy sell-off in technical shares in the Wall street. While China's...
MarketWatch  Apr 11  Comment 
China March consumer prices rise 2.4%, as forecast; wholesale prices down 2.3%  Apr 10  Comment 
BEIJING (dpa-AFX) - China will on Friday release March numbers for consumer and producer prices, highlighting a busy day in Asia-Pacific economic news. Consumer prices are expected to rise 2.4 percent on year after gaining 2.0 percent in...  Apr 9  Comment 
PRAG (dpa-AFX) - Consumer price inflation in the Czech Republic remained unchanged at a 4-year low for a second consecutive month in March, figures from the Czech Statistical Office showed Wednesday. The consumer price index rose 0.2 percent...  Apr 8  Comment 
STOCKHOLM (dpa-AFX) - Swedish consumer prices decreased at a faster pace and for a third consecutive month in March, figures from Statistics Sweden showed Thursday. The consumer price index fell 0.6 percent annually, following decreases of...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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