Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

newratings.com  Sep 15  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Croatia's consumer prices declined at a steady pace in August, figures from the Croatian Bureau of Statistics showed Thursday. The consumer price index fell 1.5 percent year-over-year in August, the same rate of decrease...
Benzinga  Sep 15  Comment 
EUR/USD is trading at 1.1246, up 0.0002. The pair is trading on both sides of unchanged. Eurostat reported that core CPI (consumer prices) in the Euro area rose 0.8 percent in August versus a rise of 0.9 percent in July. Headline year over...
newratings.com  Sep 15  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - At 5:00 am ET Thursday, Eurostat will release Eurozone final consumer price inflation for August and trade data for July. The inflation is expected to be steady at 0.2 percent on annual basis. The euro traded mixed against...
Benzinga  Sep 14  Comment 
EUR/USD is trading at 1.1229, up 0.0010. The pair is trading rangebound and little higher on the day. Market talk about European economic data and headline news is making the rounds. France's INSEE reported that August CPI (Consumer...
newratings.com  Sep 13  Comment 
WARSAW (dpa-AFX) - Poland's core consumer price index, which excludes food and energy prices, declined at a stable pace in August, data from the National Bank of Poland showed Tuesday. The net CPI decreased 0.4 percent year-on-year in...
Benzinga  Sep 13  Comment 
GBP/USD is trading at 1.3324, down 0.0010. The pair is trading modestly choppy and in the middle of the session range. Market chatter about comments from policy makers and headline news is making the rounds. The U.K. Office for National...
Benzinga  Sep 13  Comment 
EUR/USD is trading at 1.1221, down 0.0017. The pair is trading rangebound, chatter about European economic growth and headline news is making the rounds. Germany's Federal Statistical Office reported that year over year CPI (Consumer Price...
newratings.com  Sep 13  Comment 
MADRID (dpa-AFX) - Spain's consumer prices decreased marginally as estimated in August, final data from the statistical office INE showed Tuesday. Consumer prices decreased only 0.1 percent year-on-year in August, following a 0.6 percent...
newratings.com  Sep 13  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Germany's final consumer prices for August was released in the pre-European session on Tuesday at 2:00 am ET. After the data, the euro changed little against its major rivals. As of 2:01 am ET, the euro was trading at...




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This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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