Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)  2 hrs ago  Comment 
BUCHAREST (dpa-AFX) - Sweden consumer prices and unemployment are some of the important economic data due for release on Tuesday. At 3:30 am ET, Statistics Sweden is scheduled to release its consumer prices report. Consumer prices are expected to...  Nov 10  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Greece's EU measure of inflation declined at the fastest pace in five months during October, figures from the Hellenic Statistical Authority revealed Monday. The harmonized index of consumer prices fell 1.8 percent...
The Economic Times  Nov 10  Comment 
"These numbers will give a clear indication as to whether we are headed for an interest rate cut by the RBI on December 2 or not."  Nov 10  Comment 
BEIJING (dpa-AFX) - Consumer prices in China were up 1.6 percent on year in October, the National Bureau of Statistics said on Monday - in line with expectations and unchanged from the previous month. On a monthly basis, consumer prices were flat...  Nov 10  Comment  Nov 10  Comment 
BEIJING (dpa-AFX) - The China stock market has tracked lower in two of three trading days since the end of the six-day winning streak in which it had surged almost 140 points or 5.8 percent. The Shanghai Composite Index settled just below the...  Nov 7  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Estonia's consumer prices continued to decline in October, data from Statistics Estonia showed Friday. Consumer prices fell 0.2 percent year-on-year in October after easing 0.6 percent in September. Prices of goods fell...  Nov 6  Comment 
AMSTERDAM (dpa-AFX) - Dutch consumer prices growth quickened as forecast in October, preliminary figures from the Central Bureau of Statistics showed Thursday. Consumer prices rose 1.1 percent year-on-year in October following the 0.9 percent...  Nov 5  Comment 
CPI PROPERTY GROUP - Managerial Changes DGAP-News: CPI PROPERTY GROUP / Key word(s): Change of Personnel CPI PROPERTY GROUP - Managerial Changes 05.11.2014 / 18:10 --------------------------------------------------------------------- CPI...
Wall Street Journal  Nov 5  Comment 
Poland’s central bank dashed hopes for a cut in interest rates and kept them unchanged despite falling consumer prices and signs that growth is slowing.  Nov 5  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Switzerland's consumer prices remained flat in October from last year, the Federal Statistical Office reported Wednesday. Economists had forecast consumer prices to fall 0.1 percent as seen in September. The decline in...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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