Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

Reuters  2 hrs ago  Comment 
REUTERS - India's consumer price inflation probably eased for a second straight month in September helped by lower food and fuel costs, a Reuters poll found.  Oct 10  Comment 
COPENHAGEN (dpa-AFX) - Denmark's consumer prices rose at a stable rate in September, figures from Statistics Denmark showed Friday. Consumer prices climbed 0.5 percent year-over-year in September, the same as in August. Service costs,...  Oct 10  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Hungary's consumer prices in September declined more-than-expected from a year ago, figures from the Hungarian Central Statistical Office showed Friday. The consumer price index declined 0.5 percent annually following a...  Oct 7  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - After the release of Switzerland's consumer price index for September and retail sales for August at 3:15 am ET Tuesday, the franc showed mixed trading against its major opponents. While the franc fell against the euro,...  Oct 7  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Switzerland's consumer price index for September is due at 3:15 am ET Tuesday. Ahead of the data, the franc showed mixed trading against the other major currencies. While the franc changed little against the greenback, it...  Oct 7  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Estonia's consumer prices continued to decline in September, a report from Statistics Estonia showed Tuesday. Consumer prices fell 0.6 percent year-over-year in September. In August, consumer prices had declined 0.7...  Oct 3  Comment 
ANKARA (dpa-AFX) - Turkey's consumer prices inflation slowed more than expected in September, data from the Turkish Statistical Institute, or TurkStat, showed Friday. Consumer prices increased at a slower rate of 8.86 percent year-over-year...  Oct 2  Comment 
AMSTERDAM (dpa-AFX) - Dutch consumer prices growth slowed slightly in September, preliminary figures from the Central Bureau of Statistics showed Thursday. Consumer prices rose 0.9 percent year-on-year in September following the 1 percent growth...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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