Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

The Hindu Business Line  9 hrs ago  Comment 
The 22{+n}{+d} congress of the Communist Party of India will be held at Puducherry from March 25 to 29 next year. This was decided by the special of session of the party’s national council which e...
The Hindu Business Line  10 hrs ago  Comment 
As a fallout of the ‘paid seat’ controversy in the Kerala unit of the CPI, former minister C Divakaran has been dropped from the national executive committee of the party. Earlie...
Forbes  12 hrs ago  Comment 
Many writers have claimed that inflation is worse than the government statistics indicate. I don’t buy it, though the Consumer Price Index is not highly precise.  Sep 19  Comment 
CPI PROPERTY GROUP: Publication of updated Semi - Annual Financial Report DGAP-News: CPI PROPERTY GROUP / Key word(s): Half Year Results CPI PROPERTY GROUP: Publication of updated Semi - Annual Financial Report 19.09.2014 /...  Sep 19  Comment 
CANBERA (dpa-AFX) - The Canadian dollar climbed against its major rivals in on Friday, as the nation's consumer prices came in flat in August, in line with forecasts. Data from Statistics Canada showed that Canada's consumer prices were...
New York Times  Sep 19  Comment 
Adjusted for the change in the Consumer Price Index, household wealth is at a record high, 4 percent above the 2007 level.  Sep 19  Comment 
CANBERA (dpa-AFX) - Canada's consumer price index for August and wholesale sales for July were released at 8:30 am ET Friday. The loonie advanced against its major rivals following these data. The loonie was trading at 1.0913 against the...  Sep 19  Comment 
SeekingAlpha  Sep 18  Comment 
By Cullen Roche: This strange new world of disinflation continues. Yesterday’s CPI reading Complete Story »  Sep 17  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - The U.S. CPI for August is due at 8:30 am ET Wednesday. Ahead of the data, the greenback showed mixed trading against the other major currencies. While the greenback held steady against the pound and the euro, it climbed...
Clusterstock  Sep 17  Comment 
Consumer prices are cold. The consumer price index fell by 0.2%, which compares to the 0.0% expected by economists. This is the first decline since April 2013. Excluding food and energy, core CPI went nowhere, the first unchanged reading since...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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