Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

The Hindu Business Line  Mar 3  Comment 
The CPI, often dubbed a “one-MP national party”, is hoping to regain its political space in Kerala with a new State leadership in place.In Kerala, it is the second largest party in t...
Wall Street Journal  Mar 2  Comment 
Eurozone consumer prices fell for the third straight month in February, although at a slower pace, while the jobless rate in January fell to its lowest level since early 2012.
SeekingAlpha  Feb 28  Comment 
The Hindu Business Line  Feb 28  Comment 
The Budget helps corporates while doing nothing for the poor: CPI and CPI(M)
The Economic Times  Feb 28  Comment 
While global growth forecasts have come down, India's forecasts have either been maintained or scaled up," Jaitley said.
The Economic Times  Feb 27  Comment 
Stating that inflation shows a declining trend in the year 2014-2015, the Economic Survey said that the CPI inflation will be in the range of 5-5.5%.
Forex News  Feb 26  Comment 
The Canadian dollar fell against its US counterpart today despite positive macroeconomic data from Canada. The currency also retreated against the Japanese yen but gained on the very weak euro.(...)Read the rest of Rising CPI Doesn’t Help...
NPR  Feb 26  Comment 
Something very unusual is happening in the U.S. economy. Traditionally, workers lose buying power to rising prices. But lately, paychecks and prices have been heading in opposite directions.
Wall Street Journal  Feb 26  Comment 
A measure of U.S. consumer prices fell in January from a year earlier, marking the first annual decline in more than five years and potentially complicating the calculus for when the Federal Reserve will lift interest rates.




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This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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