Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

Reuters  41 min ago  Comment 
Singapore's headline consumer price index in March rose 0.7 percent from a year earlier, in line with economist expectations, data showed on Monday.
The Hindu Business Line  Apr 19  Comment 
Kerala CM meets Delhi counterpart
The Economic Times  Apr 18  Comment 
According to official data, inflation at the wholesale level eased to 5.7 per cent in March on declining fuel prices and appreciating rupee.
The Economic Times  Apr 17  Comment 
Kuroda said the BOJ needs to closely monitor consumer prices because they are lacking some upward momentum.
Forex News  Apr 14  Comment 
The Euro today gained slightly against the US dollar after the release of weak US consumer price index report for the month of March. The Euro was stronger than the greenback during today’s session despite the subdued trading activity...
MarketWatch  Apr 14  Comment 
Inflation has moderated somewhat, mostly because housing costs aren’t rising nearly as fast as they were, writes Rex Nutting.
Wall Street Journal  Apr 14  Comment 
Consumer prices declined broadly in March, a surprising sign of fading inflationary pressure after months of firming price growth across the U.S. economy.
The Economic Times  Apr 13  Comment 
According to the global financial services major, inflation risks are overdone and noted that food inflation is coming off while El Nino is a swing factor.
The Economic Times  Apr 13  Comment 
Asian markets were trading weak in early morning trade, though they still fared better than Wall Street, which declined following Trump comments.
guardian.co.uk  Apr 11  Comment 
The ONS has changed the way it counts inflation. More haste, less speed is needed to restore faith in facts Today’s inflation figures showed prices rising faster than at any time in the past three years. But that was not the most remarkable...




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This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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