Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

Channel News Asia  Jul 23  Comment 
The consumer price index in June came in at -0.3 per cent in June mainly due to larger increases in costs of services, food and private road transport.
The Hindu Business Line  Jul 22  Comment 
Even as the CPI (M) called to spare Mumbai blast accused Yakub Memon from the gallows, a human rights activists’ initiative in Kerala’s Kannur district that campaigns for the abolition o...
Forex News  Jul 22  Comment 
The Australian was little changed today, trading slightly below the opening level but far above the session lows. In fact, the currency barely moved during the past couple of weeks.(...)Read the rest of Australian Dollar Little Changed...
Benzinga  Jul 22  Comment 
AUD/USD is trading at 0.7407, down 0.0015. The pair is trading choppy around mostly near unchanged on the session. Market talk about comments from Reserve Bank of Australia Governor Glenn Stevens who spoke last night has kept both buyers and...
WA Business News  Jul 22  Comment 
A spike in petrol prices has lifted inflation, but not to levels that would prevent a rate cut by the Reserve Bank. The consumer price index (CPI), the key measure of inflation, lifted 0.7 per cent in the June quarter, official data out...
Benzinga  Jul 21  Comment 
AUD/USD is trading at 0.7410, up 0.0036. The pair is trading choppy near the highs of the session. The Reserve Bank of Australia Governor Glenn Stevens is scheduled to speak tonight at 11:00 p.m. ET. Australian year-over year CPI and...  Jul 21  Comment 
HONG KONG (dpa-AFX) - Hong Kong consumer prices increased to a three-month high as expected in June, data from the Census and Statistics Department showed Tuesday. The composite consumer price index climbed 3.1 percent in June from last...
The Australian  Jul 21  Comment 
The dollar continued to circle in a narrow range just above six-year lows today ahead of key inflation data and a Glenn Stevens speech.
The Hindu Business Line  Jul 21  Comment 
West Bengal CM urges workers to begin preparations
Benzinga  Jul 20  Comment 
AUD/USD is trading at 0.7382, up 0.0026. The pair is trading rangebound and choppy just under the highs of the session. Chatter about monetary policy by the Reserve Bank of Australia is making the rounds. Australian year-over-year CPI and...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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