Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

Benzinga  Feb 27  Comment 
EUR/USD is trading at 1.0574, up 0.0015. Spain's National Statistics Institute (INE) reported that February CPI (Consumer Price Index) fell 0.3 percent versus a decline of 0.5 percent in January. On the year, Spanish CPI rose 3 percent...
Benzinga  Feb 24  Comment 
USD/CAD is trading at 1.3086, down 0.0014. The pair is trading in the middle of the session range. Statistics Canada reported that Canada's January CPI (Consumer Price Index) rose 0.9 percent versus a fall of 0.2 percent in December. Year...  Feb 24  Comment 
CANBERA (dpa-AFX) - Statistics Canada is set to release Canada consumer price inflation data for January at 8:30 am ET Friday. The inflation is forecast to rise 0.3 percent on month, following a 0.2 percent decline in December. Ahead of the data,...  Feb 24  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Croatia's consumer prices increased for the second straight month in January, figures from the Croatian Bureau of Statistics showed Friday. The consumer price index climbed 0.9 percent year-over-year in...
Forex News  Feb 23  Comment 
The Canadian dollar rose against its US counterpart on Thursday, as traders anticipate the release of the Canadian consumer price index data tomorrow. Another release from the US Federal Reserve on Wednesday contained no strong signals...  Feb 23  Comment 
Your article (Pension changes could cost 11m Britons thousands of pounds, 21 February) says 75% of pension schemes use the retail price index (RPI). But all the public-sector schemes, which must be more than 25%, as well as many in the private...
Benzinga  Feb 22  Comment 
EUR/USD is trading at 1.0498, down 0.0042. Italy's National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT) reported that January CPI (Consumer Price Index) rose 0.3 percent versus a rise of 0.4 percent in December. Year over year Italy's CPI rose 1 percent...  Feb 21  Comment 
DUBLIN (dpa-AFX) - Ireland's consumer prices increased at the start of the year, figures from the Central Statistics Office showed Tuesday. The consumer price index rose 0.3 percent year-over-year in January, after remaining flat in the...
Benzinga  Feb 21  Comment 
EUR/USD is trading at 1.0572, down 0.0035. France's National Statistics Institute of Statistics and Economic studies (INSEE) reported that January CPI (Consumer Price Index) fell 0.2 percent versus a rise of 0.3 percent in December. Year over...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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