Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)  Jun 19  Comment 
CANBERA (dpa-AFX) - Canada CPI for May and retail sales data for April have been released at 8:30 am ET Friday. Following these data, the loonie pared its early gain against its major rivals. The loonie was trading at 1.2279 against the...
Benzinga  Jun 19  Comment 
USD/CAD is trading at 1.2278, up 0052. The pair is trading very choppy and near the highs of the session. April Canadian Retail Sales were down 0.1 percent versus up 0.7 percent in March. Ex-autos Sales were down 0.6 percent versus up 0.7...
Daily FX  Jun 19  Comment 
A marked slowdown in Canada’s core rate of inflation may spur a larger rebound in USD/CAD as it raises the BoC’s scope to keep the interest rate on hold throughout 2015.
The Hindu Business Line  Jun 18  Comment 
US consumer prices post largest gain in more than two years  Jun 18  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - The U.S. consumer price index for May and weekly jobless claims for the week ended June 13 were released at 8:30 am ET Thursday. Following the data, the greenback slipped against the other major currencies. The greenback was...
Clusterstock  Jun 18  Comment 
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. consumer prices in May recorded their largest increase in more than two years as gasoline prices surged, suggesting an energy-driven disinflationary trend had probably run its course. The Labor Department said on...
Wall Street Journal  Jun 18  Comment 
The Economic Times  Jun 18  Comment 
The prudent increase in MSPs despite weak monsoons is driven by lower cost of production, weak food prices globally.  Jun 18  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - The U.S. consumer price index for May and weekly jobless claims for the week ended June 12 are due at 8:30 am ET Thursday. Ahead of these reports, the greenback held steady against the other major currencies. The greenback...  Jun 18  Comment 
NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- On June 18 TheStreet will be watching Fitbit's IPO, notable earnings and key economic data.  Fitbit makes its trading debut on the the New York Stock Exchange Thursday morning. The wearable fitness tracker is expected to...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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