Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)  11 hrs ago  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - German preliminary CPI for April has been released at 8:00 am ET Thursday. Following the data, the euro changed little against its major rivals. The euro was trading at 1.1351 against the greenback, 1.0974 against the...  Apr 28  Comment 
MADRID (dpa-AFX) - Spain's consumer prices declined for the fourth consecutive month in April, the statistical office INE showed Thursday. Consumer prices decreased by more-than-expected 1.1 percent year-on-year in April following a 0.8...  Apr 28  Comment 
TOKYO (dpa-AFX) - Japan's consumer prices decreased unexpectedly in March, after rising in the previous month, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications said on Thursday. The overall consumer price index edged down 0.1 percent...
The Australian  Apr 27  Comment 
The dollar is back below US76c after weak Australian inflation figures and a drop in iron ore prices.
Forex News  Apr 27  Comment 
The Australian dollar sank today as inflation data was unexpectedly weak, leading to speculation about a possible interest rate cut from the Reserve Bank of Australia. Australia’s Consumer Price Index fell 0.2% in the March quarter from...  Apr 27  Comment 
CANBERA (dpa-AFX) - The Australian dollar weakened against the other major currencies in the Asian session on Wednesday, as the release of tamer-than-expected inflation data tipped the scales in favor of a rate cut by the Reserve Bank of Australia...
The Australian  Apr 27  Comment 
The Australian  Apr 27  Comment 
The Aussie dollar tumbled after the first quarter of deflation in over seven years lifted the chances of a rate cut.  Apr 26  Comment 
CPI PROPERTY GROUP - Major Shareholding Notifications DGAP-News: CPI PROPERTY GROUP / Key word(s): Miscellaneous CPI PROPERTY GROUP - Major Shareholding Notifications 26.04.2016 / 18:46 The issuer is solely responsible for the content of this...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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