Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

The Hindu Business Line  Jul 26  Comment 
With RBI not cutting the repo rate during the July review in spite of CPI headline inflation reaching a record low of 1.54 per cent, there is huge expectation of a rate cut in August. Apart from the...
Reuters  Jul 24  Comment 
Singapore's headline consumer price index in June rose 0.5 percent from a year earlier, less than forecast, as falls in accommodation costs weighed on overall inflation, data showed on Monday.  Jul 20  Comment 
Markets have no idea where the economy is headed and interest rate rises could easily push the UK back into recession • David Blanchflower is an economist First, a little primer on inflation. The UK inflation rate for June 2017 as measured by...
The Hindu Business Line  Jul 19  Comment 
The government today assured Parliament that it was not trying impose any language “on anybody” in the country as it respected all Indian languagues. Responding to the issue raised by CPI member D ...
Financial Times  Jul 18  Comment 
Consumer prices rose 2.6 per cent year-on-year in June, down from 2.9 per cent in May  Jul 18  Comment 
CPI drop to 2.6% provides some relief for cash-strapped consumers, but concern grows over living standards squeeze Inflation fell unexpectedly in June for the first time in nine months as lower fuel prices provided some respite for cash-strapped...
Clusterstock  Jul 18  Comment 
LONDON — Inflation suffered a surprise fall in June, pulling back from its post-Brexit high, according to the latest data released on Tuesday. The Office for National Statistics said in its latest release that the UK's Consumer Prices Index...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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