Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

News.com.au  Apr 22  Comment 
THE Australian dollar has maintained most of Wednesday’s gains on the back of stronger-than-expected inflation figures.
WA Business News  Apr 19  Comment 
Gold has pared gains after data showing US consumer prices rose in March tempered speculation the Federal Reserve will delay its first interest rate rise in nearly a decade.
Financial Times  Apr 17  Comment 
Rise in consumer prices to annual rate of 1.8% will reassure policy makers
Wall Street Journal  Apr 17  Comment 
U.S. consumer prices increased for the second consecutive month in March after falling through much of the winter, a sign that U.S. inflation may be stabilizing.
The Economic Times  Apr 15  Comment 
"Whether it is 2.3% or 2.1%, it is just a minor detail. The fact is that the WPI is well within range; the level is completely manageable and comfortable."
Benzinga  Apr 14  Comment 
GBP/USD is trading at 1.4700, up 0.0037. The British pound firmed against the dollar after U.S. economic data was released. Overnight UK CPI month-over-month was up 0.2 percent versus 0.3 percent previously. The data was up 1 percent...
The Economic Times  Apr 13  Comment 
While rural inflation declined to 5.58% vs 5.79% in February, the urban inflation came in at 4.75% vs 4.95% in February.
Benzinga  Apr 8  Comment 
Coffee futures have moved lower Wednesday, extending Tuesday's losses. May N.Y. Coffee is trading at 138.80, down 3.15. July Coffee is trading at 141.85, down 3.00. Trading is a now weak with some general selling seen. Wide, choppy trading ranges...




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This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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