Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)  Dec 9  Comment 
PRAG (dpa-AFX) - Czech consumer price inflation accelerated at a faster-than-expected rate in November to the highest level in nearly three-and-a-half years, figures from the Czech Statistical Office showed Friday. The consumer price index rose...  Dec 9  Comment 
BEIJING (dpa-AFX) - China's factory gate inflation increased to a more than five-year high in November on higher commodity prices and consumer price inflation exceeded expectations due to rising food costs. Producer price inflation...
Benzinga  Dec 9  Comment 
Chinese stocks were trading higher on Friday. The Shanghai Composite Index gained 10 points, or 0.31 percent to 3,225.33, while the Shenzhen composite rose 0.04 percent to 540.01. China’s CPI rose 0.1 percent in November from October,...  Dec 9  Comment 
BEIJING (dpa-AFX) - Consumer prices in China were up 2.3 percent on year in November, the National Bureau of Statistics said on Friday. That exceeded expectations for 2.2 percent and was up from 2.1 percent in October. On a monthly basis,...  Dec 8  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Latvia's consumer prices increased for the third successive month in November, figures from the Central Statistics Office showed Thursday. The consumer price index rose 1.3 percent year-over-year in November, faster than...  Dec 7  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Estonia's consumer prices climbed for the fourth consecutive month in November, and at a faster pace than in the previous month, figures from Statistics Estonia showed Wednesday. The consumer price index rose 1.0 percent...
The Economic Times  Dec 6  Comment 
Although property values do not enter the CPI consumption basket, its benign impact will come through decline in rental values and transmission of that into the general price level  Dec 6  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Switzerland's consumer prices continued its downward trend in November, the Federal Statistical Office showed Tuesday. Consumer prices declined 0.3 percent year-on-year in November, following a 0.2 percent fall a month...  Dec 6  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - At 3:15 am ET Tuesday, the Federal Statistical Office issues consumer prices for November. Swiss inflation is seen at -0.2 percent in November, the same rate as seen in October. After the data, the Swiss franc changed little...  Dec 6  Comment  Dec 1  Comment 
JAKARTA (dpa-AFX) - Indonesia's inflation picked up in November, figures from the Central Statistics Agency showed Thursday. Inflation rose more than expected to 3.58 percent from 3.31 percent in October. Economists had forecast the rate to...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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