The Hindu Business Line  Apr 20  Comment 
The Centre’s plan to brand gold as an asset class could transform the domestic gold industry. The government has been implementing schemes to bring s
Financial Times  Apr 19  Comment 
Expansion brings both jobs and questions for people living near mines
Yahoo  Apr 16  Comment 
Gold stocks are percolating. And while much work remains before their long-term technicals turn bullish, the whole sector could be worth a trade here.
Yahoo  Apr 14  Comment 
While the stock of this gold mining giant has certainly had its ups and downs over the years, the future looks much brighter than the recent past.
New York Times  Apr 2  Comment 
After a notable failure in making stereo equipment, Mr. Munk turned to gold, originally striking it rich in Nevada.
New York Times  Mar 30  Comment 
After a notable failure in making stereo equipment, Mr. Munk turned to gold, originally striking it rich in Nevada.


To display all gold companies ranked by market capitalization make sure you are on the page Industry:Gold Mining

The single most important factor influencing the valuation of gold mining companies is the price of gold which has, historically been extremely volatile, the result of its sensitivity to a number of different factors. Some of those factors are interrelated while others are not (for example when currencies devalue (specifically the USD which is used in 85% of the world's foreign exchange transactions) that puts positive pressure on gold prices because the true value of gold (in relation to a basket of items) remains unaffected (like other true hedges against inflation). Other factors such as the demand for jewellery in India during festivals and a slowdown in global production (for some companies like AngloGold Ashanti prices need to be higher than $700 per ounce for gold production to be profitable) are also effective. Total production costs per ounce also play a role in how companies are valued by the market (cash costs were up 4.1% industrywide in the third quarter of 2010 to US$585/oz, some companies like AngloGold have costs higher than that while others like Eldorado have much lower costs making them highly profitable (and attractive); when cash costs are low mines are not at risk of closing.[1] Even in times of economic uncertainty, gold and silver spot prices decline if there is a margin call (temporary selloff due to traders being required to meet call options).[2] The top ten ETF's in the USA represent 2,200 metric tons of gold.[3] As of September 23, 2010 all of the world publicly traded gold stocks had a combined market value of US$ 360 billion; that compares to US$ 19 billion 2000.[4] Investing in physical gold remains popular internationally with even debt laden Greece adding to its reserves in 2010 (also, South Korea and Thailand).[5]

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The price of a company's gold as valued by the market is sometimes called its enterprise value per gold equivalent. The calculation has two factors: enterprise value (market capitalization less financial assets) and gold equivalent amount (only reserves are considered). Companies with lower EV/(2P reserves) ratios have higher reserve yields (each ounce of gold is returning more value to the company in the form of capitalization) and so can be considered to have high growth potential (reasons for an undervalued EV/2P ratios include high production costs which affect earnings (P/E), risky assets, funding for mine construction not in place, the price of gold which affects margins, high cash costs keep some mines closed/from reaching commercial production); Declining cash costs and higher mine utilization capacities lead to a higher value placed on reserves by the market.

Gold bullion/coins demand up 135% in 3Q11 in Europe

European demand (118 tons or $6.2B worth) amounted to 33% of all global demand for gold bullion in the three months ended September 30, 2011, marking a new record for Europe (135% higher than last year's quarter).[6] During the quarter, central banks purchased 148.4 tonnes of gold which is about 6.5 times as much demanded over the same period in 2010. Worldwide, demand was up 29%.

Global production shifts more to China and South America

In 1980 South Africa accounted for more than half of global gold primary production (21.7 of 39.2 million ounces) with the USSR contributing about half of the rest (18.6 million ounces) and Canada, the USA and Brazil producing all of the rest except for 13.6% that came from the rest

Spring 2011 silver futures/option contracts to complete in June/July;Russia buys record amount of gold

The move over to mid summer from spring for silver options contracts to end moved spot silver lower especially when compared to gold the price of which was propped up by heavy demand by central banks in Russia, Mexico and Thailand among others (Canada's BNN interview with a silver anaylist from New York), Russia's central bank purchased about 1 million ounces of gold in the first four months of 2011 up from over 400,000 in the second half of 2010; Russia's last major purchase was in May 2010 when it bought 1.1 million ounces of gold during the month which represented 16.6% of global production that month.[7] Speculators short on silver should boost the price come late June/early July. Altogether, in early to mid 2011 the biggest purchases were made by Mexico (99.1 tonnes), Russia (41.8 tonnes), South Korea (25 tonnes) and Thailand (just over 9 tonnes).[8] South Korea's purchase, though not as excessive as Mexico or Russia was significant because it was the first time the nation bought any gold in 13 years. Gold makes up about 10% of all foreign reserves. (World Gold Council)

China overtakes India as the primary source of gold demand

In the first quarter of 2011 (January to March) Chinese demand for gold (25% of global gold demand) exceeded demand from East Indians (23% of global gold demand) who were previous to that the largest consumers of gold (90.9 metric tons compared to India's 85.6 metric tons, China's represented a doubling over the previous year).[9] That's after China demanded twice as much gold (in the form of bullion imports) as it produced in 2010 (700 tons against 351 tons) a significant feat considering it was by far the largest producer of gold that year. Those trends will ultimately lead to be a larger international role for Chinese companies like Zijin Mining Group who consider current market conditions ripe for foreign deals (expanding their gold reach outside of the country). In Shanghai it was rumoured that China might launch its own gold tracking Exchange Traded Fund which could spark derivative products demand.[3]


  1. Gold mine costs up 4.1% in Q3 (2010-11-26).
  2. US Stocks Plunge, Dow Falls Over 300 Points As Fears Grip Market (August 4, 2011).
  3. 3.0 3.1 China’s Gold Intake: Like Sending Oil to Saudis (2011-05-26).
  4. Senior Gold Equities Strain To Reach 2008 Highs (September 23, 2010).
  5. 'Gold Cartel’ Losing, Price to Top $3,000: Association (August 4, 2011).
  6. European debt crisis drives gold rush (November 17, 2011).
  7. Russia's Central Bank Purchases 1.1 Million Ounces of Gold in May
  8. S Korea buys gold as safe haven, first time since '98 (August 2, 2011).
  9. China Is Now Top Gold Bug (2011-05-20).

Companies in the Gold mining Industry (1)

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