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The Hindu Business Line  7 hrs ago  Comment 
With frauds a real issue now, insurers are blacklisting certain pin codes
Forbes  7 hrs ago  Comment 
Millennials are suffering from tooth pain and untreated cavities at record rates, which has affected many even in their ability to socialize and interview for a job. How can they get past the barriers of cost, inconvenience and lack of dental...
Insurance Journal  8 hrs ago  Comment 
Boston-based Risk Strategies Co. has acquired Terrell Insurance Services, an independent insurance agency headquartered in Dallas. Terms of the deal were not disclosed. Founded in 2012 by President and Principal Charles T. Terrell Jr., Terrell...
MedPage Today  9 hrs ago  Comment 
(MedPage Today) -- Mandated IVF coverage may improve fertility treatment outcomes
New York Times  11 hrs ago  Comment 
Tuesday: A single payer proposal, conflict between California’s congressional representatives, and a living artifact.
Insurance Journal  12 hrs ago  Comment 
Insurance agencies that stress “soft” benefits have the upper hand in recruiting workers in today’s competitive job market. Employees are increasingly seeking out “soft” benefits in addition to traditional “hard” benefits from their...
Insurance Journal  Mar 28  Comment 
Rogers & Gray Insurance, a Kingston, Mass.-headquartered independent insurance agency, has hired Joe Rossi as a flood specialist. Rossi formed the non-profit Marshfield Citizens Coastal Coalition (MCCC) in February of 2012, seeking stronger...
Yahoo  Mar 28  Comment 
Citigroup Inc (C.N) will seek bids from global insurers keen to sell general insurance products across the U.S. bank's Asia-Pacific markets, in a deal that could be worth at least $500 million, a source with knowledge of the matter told Reuters....
The Hindu Business Line  Mar 28  Comment 
Tata AIA Life Insurance Co Ltd has joined hands with Tata Teleservices Ltd (TTSL) to launch m-Insurance which they said would also bring the economically weaker sections under insurance cover. m-I...
Insurance Journal  Mar 28  Comment 
A powerful cyclone tore into Australia’s northeastern coast on Tuesday, forcing thousands of people to flee, shuttering coal to gold mines and prompting insurers to declare a catastrophe. Cyclone Debbie made landfall near Airlie Beach, a tourist...




 
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Companies within the Insurance sector are largely interested in helping private, public, and institutional clients hedge against risk. The way in which insurance companies aim to reduce the risk of their clients, on the most basic level, is through offering a guaranteed future payment for a contracted event. By charging clients a premium for this guaranteed future payment given that the contracted event occurs, the insurance company is providing its client with the assurance that under certain circumstances, say physical capital loss due to force majeure, the insurance company will assume all financial responsibility associated with the client’s losses. Calculations of this premium involve use of complex stochastic probability models meant to simulate the likelihood of a given event’s occurrence.

As there are countless origins of risk, there are countless insurance products available to hedge against those risks; however, the insurance sector itself is segmented into four distinct sub-sectors: Life insurance, property and casualty insurance, accident and health insurance, and miscellaneous insurance.

Insurance Industry Sub-Sectors

Life Insurance

Life insurance deals with policies that are written to hedge against the risk of death, accidental death, and in some cases, sickness. In many cases, liability to the insurer is limited based on cases dealing with suicide, war, riot, and fraud.

Companies within the Life Insurance Sub-Sector:

Casualty and Property Insurance

Casualty insurance deals with policies that are written to hedge against the risk of unforeseen accidents. Some examples are insurance policies for auto accidents or losses incurred at sea (Marine Insurance). In general, casualty insurance hedges against risks associated with liability and crime.

Companies within the Casualty and Property Insurance Sub-Sector:

Accident and Health Insurance

Health insurance deals with policies that are written to hedge against the risk of unexpected or unexpectedly high health costs. Interestingly, the insurer of health insurance policy can either be from the private sector or the public sector, subsidized by taxes.

Companies within the Accident and Health Insurance Sub-Sector:

Miscellaneous Insurance

Companies within the Misellaneous Insurance Sub-Sector:

Trends Within the Insurance Sector

Retiring Baby Boomer Generation/Convergence of Insurance Sector and Financial Industry

As the first of the baby boomers are set to retire within the next few years, financial and insurance firms remain pitted in a battle to provide them with financial funds to fuel their retirement. The traditional methods of retirement finance such as social security, 401ks, and corporate pension plans are becoming increasingly riskier as government legislature struggles to find a solution to social security deficits and companies find it harder and harder to meet the promises of current pension plans. Since the lines between financial institutions and insurance institutions has been blurred with the repeal of the 1999 repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act, which restricted the ability of insurance companies to provide financial services, aging baby boomers have become an increasingly attractive market to insurance companies.

To compete with the corporate pensions plans provided by the company, insurance companies are offering annuities to retirees. Annuities come in many, often complex, forms and packages. However, the underlying concept remains the same: purchase of the annuity is made with an upfront lump sum, with the promise of a steady periodic income as long as the contract requires.

Changing Interest Rates

Generally speaking, interest rates will affect any firm involved in any type of investment or firm that issues corporate debt or equity. Changes in the interest rate will invariably change the fundamental values of both equity and debt, since the fundamental value of debt is determined by the time weighted average of payments discounted by current short or long interest rates, and the fundamental value of equity is determined by the value of a firm today along with any projects in the future discounted by some factor over the risk free interest rate.

Systematically, the interest rates are roughly set through the supply and demand of money in the economy, most of the time with help from the Federal Reserves’ monetary policy.

Force Majeure and the Advent of Reinsurance

Companies in the Insurance Industry (90)

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