The paper subset is the staple of the paper and paper products industry. This subset consists of the production of uncoated writing and printing papers by industry giants such as International Paper Company (IP) and Domtar (UFS) as well as the production of specialty papers. Specialty paper ranges from the production of the coated paper that greeting cards are made of, by companies like Nashua (NSHA), to the production of pressure-sensitive material, by Avery Dennison (AVY) used by other corporations to make labels.
All items need to be packaged when going from point A to point B in order to protect the item. Consumer goods such as food and cosmetics need to be packaged not only when going from the producer to the distributor, but also need to be packaged by unit to be put on store shelves. Industrial goods like machines and machine parts need to be safely packaged before ending up at its final destination. Packaging can be broken down into two items: paperboard and corrugated fiberboard. Paperboard is a thin cardboard (think cereal box) that can be used as folding cartons and set-up boxes. Corrugated fiberboard (fancy name for a box) is made out of containerboard, which is just multiple layers of paperboard. The multiple layers of paperboard give the corrugated packaging its strength and allow for big and heavy items to be packaged in it.
Pulp is a dry fibrous material that is used to make paper and can be made chemically or by separating the fibers of wood. Pulp sold in thick sheets and often used at a paper mill is called “market pulp”. Another kind of pulp, “kraft pulp”, is chemically produced pulp using sulfate. Cellulose is a natural fiber from trees and plants that can be used to make a variety of products including paper and packaging products.
The timber business provides forest products, such as wood and pulp, to third party companies. By managing their own timberland, these business are able to make their products straight from the trees they grow. As of 2008, the only major timber based company was Potlatch (PCH). Prior, companies like International Paper (IP) and Temple-Inland (TIN) were major competitors in this business, but decided to divest away from the business in 2006-2007.