Research & Development Expense

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DailyFinance  Apr 24  Comment 
SUNNYVALE, CA -- (Marketwired) -- 04/24/14 -- Liquid Robotics and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) today announced the signing of a multi-year, Cooperative Research & Development Agreement (CRADA) designed to...
DailyFinance  Apr 2  Comment 
LEHI, UT--(Marketwired - April 02, 2014) -  DigiCert, Inc., a leading global provider of SSL certificates and related online security products, today announced that Vice President of Research & Development Jason Sabin has been named a Utah...
Biomass Magazine  Oct 18  Comment 
Iowa State University researchers are taking part in a five-year study of the production and performance of different kinds of bioplastic pots. The study is supported by a $1.94 million grant from the USDA.
Cloud Computing  Nov 1  Comment 
Digital Intelligence Systems, LLC (DISYS), a leading global IT staffing and consulting firm, has announced the launch of its innovative research and development division, DISYS Labs. This initiative represents the next ...
Cloud Computing  Jul 11  Comment 
Persistent Systems (BOMBAY: PERSISTENT) (NSE: PERSISTENT), the leader in outsourced software product development (OPD) services, today announced that it has been named by the IAOP® (International Association of Outsourcing Professionals), as one...
Cloud Computing  Feb 23  Comment 
OTTAWA, Ontario , Feb. 23, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Kinaxis, provider of RapidResponse Control Tower, a multi-enterprise planning and "what-if" simulation solution, today announced that Mark Mototsune, vice president of research and development,...
Benzinga  Feb 7  Comment 
Pluristem Therapeutics, Inc. (Nasdaq: PSTI) today announced that following preliminary discussions with several governmental authorities, it will expand its research and development efforts on an acute radiation exposure treatment. The...
Forbes  Jan 19  Comment 
Looking for stocks with long-term growth potential? Theoretically, at least, companies pouring money into researching new products should offer great shareholder returns, as laboratories churn out patentable and marketable inventions.
Red Orbit  Jul 21  Comment 
With the mass production and worldwide distribution of the World's First "Breakthrough" Stem Cell Vitamin Formula now available to world public health organizations and national governments-sponsored public health departments and agencies, it is...




 
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This is the cost of discovering and developing new products or services that fill market needs, including any labor, raw materials, clinical trials, and other costs incurred during the process.

Research and development (R&D) can be thought of as investments to fuel new products that provide higher margins or increased market share. Research and development expense is common throughout most companies that produce some product or service- companies like Nike (NKE), Procter & Gamble Company (PG), and Pfizer (PFE) all invest heavily in R&D. This metric is oftentimes expressed as a percentage of revenue (R&D/Sales Ratio, calculated by dividing research and development expense by total revenue. R&D as a percentage of revenue is useful to compare the effectiveness and efficiency of R&D expenditures between companies in the same industry.

R&D expenses differ greatly across different industries- the Drug Manufacturers generally have the one of the higher R&D/Sales ratios. For example, Pfizer (PFE)'s R&D totaled to 16.5% of its revenue in 2008. Computer Software and hardware companies like Microsoft (MSFT) and Cisco Systems (CSCO) also have similar R&D/Sales ratios.

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