Revenue

RECENT NEWS
The Hindu Business Line  Dec 21  Comment 
Centre to divest 5%, will reserve 20% of that for retail investors
Forbes  Dec 19  Comment 
Looking at the first three quarters, the studio's revenues stood at $8.27 billion, up 4% over the prior year period. The studio revenues include box-office revenues, home entertainment and TV production and distribution revenues. The segment...
The Economic Times  Dec 19  Comment 
"My point is that the government has taken remedial revenue-enhancing measures, but it has not really made much effort to increase revenues."
OilVoice  Dec 19  Comment 
Senex Energy Limited Senex ASX SXY has moved to protect the company39s oil revenues by securing a floor price for oil sales from January to June 2015. The protection has been put in place thro
The Economic Times  Dec 18  Comment 
"We are trying to put in place a proper business model. We are looking at how cash will be generated and how it can be redeployed."
TechCrunch  Dec 17  Comment 
 There’s probably no enterprise software company more people opine on than Box. In particular, the business model of Box. But while opinions are somewhat subjective, math is math, and the physics of software as a service (SaaS) and recurring...
Reuters  Dec 17  Comment 
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev called on Russia's top exporters on Wednesday to behave "responsibly" and manage their foreign currency revenues in a way that would not boost rouble volatility, the government's press office said.
Benzinga  Dec 11  Comment 
EMEA Net Revenues Fell 3% From $168M To $156M APAC Net Revenues Fell 10% From $83M To $71M © 2014 Benzinga.com. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.




 

The term revenue most commonly refers to Net Revenue but it can also be used as Gross Revenue.

Revenue is the total amount of money a company takes in before any expenses.

Net Revenue is the amount of a company's gross revenue plus all negative revenue items. For instance, in the retail industry, gross revenue includes all sales made by a retailer during the accounting period. Net revenue, however, will also exclude the costs associated with items like refunds on returned items, discounts and other negative sales revenue items.

Often times, net revenue can refer to revenue a company receives after it pays its partners. For example, Google (GOOG) arrives at net revenue by subtracting Traffic Acquisition Costs (TACs) from its gross revenue. TACs are comprised of payments made to its Adsense network partners (Google ads displayed on third-party websites are subject to a revenue sharing program), as well as fees related to non-conventional partnerships (such as Google being the first search engine listed in the Mozilla Firefox built-in search toolbar).

This is a subtle difference from Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) - in the case of TACs, these are costs directly related to generating revenue (which is then split between different partners). COGS, on the other hand, refers to overhead and "manufacturing" costs related to the production of goods sold. Analogously, Google's COGS would include expenses incurred in data center operations.

Ratio analysis can be implemented and utilised for the comparative measurement of financial data among several companies of the same industry to facilitate wise investment, as ratios in general involve a process of standardization. Two main indicators-ratios can be used for the evaluation of a company's performance:

  1. Activity ratios: Asset Turnover or Efficiency Ratio = Total Revenue/ Assets

Activity ratios describe the relationship between the company's level of operations(usually defined as sales and the assets needed to sustain the activity). The higher the ratio, the more efficient the company's operations, as relatively fewer assets are required to maintain a given level of operations(sales), or the company expoits its assets in an efficient way maximising its sales. Monitoring the trends in these ratios over time and in comparison to other firms in the industry, can point out potential trouble spots or opportunities that would facilitate investing decisions.

  1. Profit Margins or Return on Sales or Profitability ratio = Profit/Revenue

It is a measure of a company's profitability and it is the relationship between the company's costs and its sales. The profitability ratio indicates the proportion of Revenue that form the company's profit, after deducting any operating and other expenses the company has. It can be also interpreted as the proportion of profits generated from each dollar of sales, showing how profitable a company is.

  1. Return on Assets (ROA) = ( (Net Income/Sales) * (Sales/Assets) )

This ratio is a combination of the two aforementioned ratios that can be summarised in the term Return on Assets, that measures the overall productivity of assets.

Net Revenue versus Total Revenue

Net Revenue (also Revenue, Net Sales, or Sales) is the total revenue or gross revenue minus the costs associated with returned or undelivered goods and commissions. Total Revenue or Gross Revenue on the other hand is simply all positive revenues. This distinction is particularly important for certain sectors like banking which relies heavily on commissions and Retail which can experience frequent returned items.[1]

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