QUOTE AND NEWS
Banking Business Review  Apr 8  Comment 
Barclays has reportedly reached a £70m Libor court case settlement with Guardian Care Homes over the alleged mis-sale of interest rate derivatives.
Reuters  Apr 7  Comment 
Barclays has reached a settlement with a UK care home operator weeks before the start of a court case that was seen as a test case for whether customers might sue banks over the manipulation of Libor interest rates.
Mondo Visione  Apr 1  Comment 
Q. The US Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) has filed a lawsuit against 16 major financial institutions worldwide, including the Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ and Norinchukin Bank, for illegal manipulation of LIBOR. Do you think the...
guardian.co.uk  Mar 31  Comment 
Regulator plans to tackle benchmark manipulation and insists it will press on with 'zombie fund' inquiry A review of how firms can prevent traders manipulating key benchmarks in a bid to stop a new Libor scandal and an investigation into how...
Mondo Visione  Mar 31  Comment 
The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) has announced plans to look into how firms can reduce the risk of traders manipulating key benchmarks as a central part of its Business Plan for 2014/15, which was published today. The forward-looking...
Forbes  Mar 28  Comment 
Just a glance at the ongoing issues in the banking world is enough to demonstrate the dangers of paying insufficient attention to rules and regulations. By the time they have run their course, scandals like the fixing of Libor and foreign exchange...
Mondo Visione  Mar 28  Comment 
Criminal proceedings by the Serious Fraud Office have commenced today against three former employees at ICAP Plc, Danny Martin Wilkinson, Darrell Paul Read and Colin John Goodman, in connection with the manipulation of LIBOR.  It is alleged...
USAToday.com  Mar 28  Comment 
British authorities charge 3 in Libor rigging




 
TOP CONTRIBUTORS

The graph to the left is for the 3 month LIBOR.

LIBOR, or the London Interbank Offered Rate, is the average interest rate between banks in the London interbank market. LIBOR is a widely used short-term interest rate benchmark since it is designed to reflect the cost of borrowing between some of the world's largest, most reputable banks.

What is LIBOR?

There isn't just one LIBOR; there are numerous rates determined by two variables:

Every business day at just after 11:00 am London time, the British Bankers' Association, in conjunction with Reuters, releases new rates for each combination of these.[3] For example, there's a new 3-month LIBOR for the yen, overnight LIBOR for the euro, and 2-week LIBOR for the pound released daily. These rates indicate both the health of the currencies (and their respective economies) relative to one another and expectations about future economic conditions.

There are ten LIBOR panels, one for each of the ten currencies for which the rate is determined. Each panel is composed of at least eight contributor banks, chosen for their reputations and their perceived expertise in a given currency. The BBA takes the daily deposit rates reported by its designated contributor banks and calculates the mean of the middle 50%; the resulting number is the LIBOR for the currency in question.[4] The average rates at which these banks say they would lend to one another is taken as an indication of the health of the banking systems of the ten LIBOR currencies. A list of the panels and their members as of May 30, 2008, can be found here on the British Bankers' Association's website.

Why is LIBOR important?

Not only does LIBOR provide information about the cost of borrowing in different currencies, it actually influences it. LIBOR is used as the basis for other interest rates across the globe. IE, variable interest rate loans such as mortgages and car loans will often be quotes at LIBOR + a percentage. For example, a loan that was LIBOR + 5% would charge 10% interest when the LIBOR is 5%, and 7% when the LIBOR is 2%.

Estimates for the total value of financial products with rates tied to LIBOR vary widely, from as low as $150 trillion,[5] to $360 trillion, [6]to as high as $500 trillion.[7]

LIBOR impacts financial instruments and products including:

Additionally, the difference between the libor rate and the interest rate on treasury bills is a key marker of the financial health of banks. For more information, see TED Spread.

Criticism

On May 29, 2008, the Wall Street Journal reported that certain banks had been reporting lower rates to the BBA than what WSJ analysis suggested they should have been.[8] Given the trillions of dollars tied to the LIBOR, even a small inaccuracy in either direction can cost lenders, borrowers, companies, or even whole economies billions of dollars. The WSJ study estimated that, if true, the artificially low U.S. dollar LIBOR saved U.S. borrowers about $45 billion over the first four months of 2008.[9] The banks, however, denied this claim and stuck by the rates they'd reported to the BBA and Reuters.

Charts





References

  1. British Bankers' Association - BBA LIBOR Panels
  2. BBA - Historic LIBOR Rates
  3. BBA LIBOR Frequently Asked Questions, British Bankers' Association.
  4. London Interbank Offered Rate - Wikipedia
  5. Yanked from Obscurity: Why Finance Experts Are Rethinking LIBOR - Knowledge@Wharton
  6. We are the World: We are LIBOR - LIBORATED.com
  7. Bankers Cast Doubt On Key Rate Amid Crisis - WSJ.com
  8. Study Casts Doubt on Key Rate - WSJ.com
  9. Study Casts Doubt on Key Rate - WSJ.com
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