1st Source 10-Q 2011
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1ST SOURCE CORPORATION
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 1. Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (all of which are normal and recurring in nature) which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the consolidated financial position, the results of operations, changes in shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for the periods presented. These unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared according to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and, therefore, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) have been omitted. The Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements appearing in 1st Source Corporation’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (2010 Annual Report), which include descriptions of significant accounting policies, should be read in conjunction with these interim financial statements. The balance sheet at December 31, 2010 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. Certain amounts in the prior period consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform with the current year presentation.
Cash Flow – For purposes of the consolidated statements of cash flow, we consider cash and due from banks, federal funds sold and interest bearing deposits with other banks with original maturities of three months or less as cash and cash equivalents.
Note 2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Receivables: In April 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2011-02 “Receivables (Topic 310) – A Creditor’s Determination of Whether a Restructuring is a Troubled Debt Restructuring.” ASU 2011-02 clarifies whether loan modifications constitute troubled debt restructuring. In evaluating whether a restructuring constitutes a troubled debt restructuring, a creditor must separately conclude that both of the following exist: (a) the restructuring constitutes a concession; and (b) the debtor is experiencing financial difficulties. ASU 2011-02 is effective for the first interim and annual period beginning on or after June 15, 2011, and should be applied retrospectively to the beginning of the annual period of adoption. We are assessing the impact of ASU 2011-02 on our financial condition, results of operations, and disclosures.
Business Combinations: In December 2010, the FASB issued ASU No. 2010-29 "Business Combinations (Topic 805) - Disclosure of Supplementary Pro Forma Information for Business Combinations." If a public entity presents comparative financial statements, the entity should disclose revenue and earnings of the combined entity as though the business combination that occurred during the current year had occurred as of the beginning of the comparable prior annual reporting period only. ASU 2010-29 also expands the supplementary pro forma disclosures. ASU 2010-29 was effective prospectively for business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2010. ASU 2010-29 will only affect us if there are future business combinations.
Intangibles - Goodwill and Other: In December 2010, the FASB issued ASU No. 2010-28 "Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) - When to Perform Step 2 of the Goodwill Impairment Test for Reporting Units with Zero or Negative Carrying Amounts." ASU 2010-28 affects all entities that have recognized goodwill and have one or more reporting units whose carrying amount for purposes of performing Step 1 of the goodwill impairment test is zero or negative. ASU 2010-28 was effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2010. ASU 2010-28 did not have an impact on our financial condition, results of operations, or disclosures.
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Note 3. Investment Securities
Investment securities available-for-sale were as follows:
At March 31, 2011, the residential mortgage-backed securities we held consisted primarily of GNMA, FNMA and FHLMC pass-through certificates which are guaranteed by those respective agencies of the United States government (or Government Sponsored Enterprise, GSEs).
The contractual maturities of debt securities available-for-sale at March 31, 2011 are shown below. Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities, because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.
The following table shows the gross realized gains and losses on sale of securities from the securities available-for-sale portfolio, including marketable equity securities. Realized gains and losses on the sales of all securities are computed using the specific identification cost basis. The gross gains and losses in the first three months of 2011 primarily reflect the sale of municipal, FHLB and FFCB debt securities. The sale of municipal securities was to reduce credit risk exposure in certain states. The action to sell agency securities was to improve future yield. There was no impact to other than temporary impairment (OTTI) as a result of the first quarter 2011 sales. The gross gains and losses in the first three months of 2010 reflect the disposition of FNMA and FHLMC debt securities. There were no OTTI write-downs in 2011.
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There were net gains of $8 thousand for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and net gains of $5 thousand recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2010 on $0.15 million in trading securities outstanding at March 31, 2011 and $0.14 million at December 31, 2010.
The following tables summarize our gross unrealized losses and fair value by investment category and age:
The initial indication of OTTI for both debt and equity securities is a decline in fair value below amortized cost. Quarterly, the impaired securities are analyzed on a qualitative and quantitative basis in determining OTTI. Declines in the fair value of available-for-sale debt securities below their cost that are deemed to be other-than-temporary are reflected in earnings as realized losses to the extent the impairment is related to credit losses. The amount of impairment related to other factors is recognized in other comprehensive income. In estimating OTTI impairment losses, we consider among other things, (i) the length of time and the extent to which fair value has been less than cost, (ii) the financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer, and (iii) whether it is more likely than not that we will not have to sell any such securities before a recovery of cost.
At March 31, 2011, we do not have the intent to sell any of the available-for-sale securities in the table above and believe that it is more likely than not that we will not have to sell any such securities before an anticipated recovery of cost. The unrealized losses are due to increases in market interest rates over the yields available at the time the underlying securities were purchased and market illiquidity on auction rate securities which are reflected in U.S. States and Political subdivisions securities. The fair value is expected to recover on all debt securities as they approach their maturity date or repricing date or if market yields for such investments decline.
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We do not believe any of the securities are impaired due to reasons of credit quality. Accordingly, as of March 31, 2011, we believe the impairments detailed in the table above are temporary and no impairment loss has been realized in our consolidated statements of income.
At March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, investment securities with carrying values of $256.64 million and $299.88 million, respectively, were pledged as collateral to secure government deposits, security repurchase agreements, and for other purposes.
Note 4. Loan and Lease Financings
We evaluate loans and leases for credit quality on a monthly basis. All loans and leases, except residential real estate loans and consumer loans, are assigned credit quality ratings on a scale from 1 to 12 with grade 1 representing superior credit quality. The criteria used to assign quality ratings to extensions of credit that exhibit potential problems or well-defined weaknesses are primarily based upon the degree of risk and the likelihood of orderly repayment, and their effect on the Bank's safety and soundness. Loans graded 7 or weaker are considered "special attention" credits and, as such, relationships in excess of $100,000 are reviewed quarterly as part of management's evaluation of the adequacy of the reserve for loan and lease losses. Grade 7 credits are defined as "watch" and contain greater than average credit risk and thus warrant timely follow-up to limit the Bank's exposure to increased risk; grade 8 credits are "special mention" and, following regulatory guidelines, are defined as having potential weaknesses that deserve management's close attention. Credits that exhibit well-defined weaknesses and a distinct possibility of loss are considered ''classified'' and are graded 9 through 12 corresponding to the regulatory definitions of "substandard" (grades 9 and 10) and the more severe ''doubtful'' (grade 11) and ''loss'' (grade 12).
The table below presents the credit quality category of the recorded investment in loans and leases, segregated by class.
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The table below presents the recorded investment in residential real estate and consumer loans by performing or non-performing status. Non-performing loans are those loans which are on nonaccrual status or are 90 days or more past due.
The table below presents the recorded investment of loans and leases, segregated by class, with delinquency aging and nonaccrual status.
As of March 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010, we had $7.36 million and $7.31 million, respectively of performing loans classified as troubled debt restructuring.
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Note 5. Reserve for Loan and Lease Losses
The reserve for loan and lease loss methodology has been consistently applied for several years, with enhancements instituted periodically. Reserve ratios are reviewed quarterly and revised periodically to reflect recent loss history and to incorporate current risks and trends which may not be recognized in historical data. As we update our historical charge-off analysis, we review the look-back periods for each business loan portfolio. Furthermore, we perform a thorough analysis of charge-offs, non-performing asset levels, special attention outstandings and delinquency in order to review portfolio trends and other factors, including specific industry risks and economic conditions, which may have an impact on the reserves and reserve ratios applied to various portfolios. We adjust the calculated historical based ratio as a result of our analysis of environmental factors, principally economic risk and concentration risk. Key economic factors affecting our portfolios are growth in gross domestic product, unemployment rates, housing market trends, commodity prices and inflation. Concentration risk is impacted primarily by geographic concentration in Northern Indiana and Southwestern Lower Michigan in our business banking and commercial real estate portfolios and by collateral concentration in our specialty finance portfolios.
The reserve for loan and lease losses is maintained at a level believed to be adequate by management to absorb probable losses inherent in the loan and lease portfolio. The determination of the reserve requires significant judgment reflecting management’s best estimate of probable loan and lease losses related to specifically identified loans and leases as well as probable losses in the remainder of the various loan and lease portfolios. For purposes of determining the reserve, we have segmented our loans and leases into classes based on the associated risks within these segments. We have determined that eight classes exist within our loan and lease portfolio. The methodology for assessing the appropriateness of the reserve consists of several key elements, which include: specific reserves for impaired loans, percentage allocations for special attention loans and leases (classified loans and leases and internal watch list credits) without specific reserves, formula reserves for each business lending division portfolio, and reserves for pooled homogeneous loans and leases. Management’s evaluation is based upon a continuing review of these portfolios, estimates of customer performance, collateral values and dispositions, and assessments of economic and geopolitical events, all of which are subject to judgment and will change.
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Changes in the reserve for loan and lease losses, segregated by class, for the three months ended March 31, 2011 and 2010 are shown below.