This excerpt taken from the ABII 10-Q filed May 8, 2009.
(4) Financial Instruments
We adopted the provisions of the Financial Accounting Standards Boards (FASB) Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 157, Fair Value Measurements (SFAS 157), effective January 1, 2008, for our financial assets and liabilities. Under this standard, fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (i.e., the exit price) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The adoption of SFAS 157 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
SFAS 157 establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on market data obtained from sources independent of us. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect our assumptions about the inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability and are developed based on the best information available in the circumstances. The fair value hierarchy is broken down into three levels based on the source of inputs as follows:
The following fair value hierarchy table presents information about each major category of our financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2009. All of the investments below reflect strategic investments.
Gains or losses considered to be temporary are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss at each measurement date. Other than temporary losses are included in other expense in the statement of operations.
The Level 3 assets represent convertible notes that were purchased in May and November 2008. The value of the convertible notes at March 31, 2009 approximates their purchase price.
There were no re-measurements to fair value during the three months ended March 31, 2009 of financial assets and liabilities that were not measured at fair value on a recurring basis.