Advance Auto Parts 10-K 2010
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the fiscal year ended January 2, 2010
For the transition period from ________ to ________.
Commission file number 001-16797
ADVANCE AUTO PARTS, INC.
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). ¨ Yes ¨ No
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this
Form 10-K. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes o No x
As of July 17, 2009, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, the aggregate market value of the 95,058,600 shares of Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $4,289,994,618, based on the last sales price of the Common Stock on July 17, 2009, as reported by the New York Stock Exchange.
As of February 26, 2010, the registrant had outstanding 92,261,371 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the only class of common equity of the registrant outstanding).
Portions of the definitive proxy statement of the registrant to be filed within 120 days of January 2, 2010, pursuant to Regulation 14A under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 19, 2010, are incorporated by reference into Part III.
Certain statements in this report are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Forward-looking statements are usually identified by the use of words such as "anticipate," "believe," "could," "estimate," "expect," "forecast," "intend," "likely," "may," "plan," "position," "possible," "potential," "probable," "project," "projection," "should," "strategy," "will," or similar expressions. We intend for any forward-looking statements to be covered by, and we claim the protection under, the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
These forward-looking statements are based upon assessments and assumptions of management in light of historical results and trends, current conditions and potential future developments that often involve judgment, estimates, assumptions and projections. Forward-looking statements reflect current views about our plans, strategies and prospects, which are based on information currently available.
Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations as reflected in or suggested by any forward-looking statements are reasonable, we do not guarantee or give assurance that such plans, intentions or expectations will be achieved. Actual results may differ materially from our anticipated results described or implied in our forward-looking statements, and such differences may be due to a variety of factors. Our business could also be affected by additional factors that are presently unknown to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial to our business.
Listed below and discussed elsewhere in further detail in this report are some important risks, uncertainties and contingencies which could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any forward-looking statements made or implied in this report. These include, but are not limited to, the following:
We assume no obligations to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. In evaluating forward-looking statements, you should consider these risks and uncertainties, together with the other risks described from time to time in our other reports and documents filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, and you should not place undue reliance on those statements.
Item 1. Business.
Unless the context otherwise requires, “Advance,” “we,” “us,” “our,” and similar terms refer to Advance Auto Parts, Inc., its predecessor, its subsidiaries and their respective operations. Our fiscal year consists of 52 or 53 weeks ending on the Saturday closest to December 31st of each year. Fiscal 2008 included 53 weeks of operations. All other fiscal years presented include 52 weeks of operations.
We are a leading specialty retailer of automotive aftermarket parts, accessories, batteries and maintenance items primarily operating within the United States. Our stores carry an extensive product line for cars, vans, sport utility vehicles and light trucks. We serve both "do-it-yourself," or DIY, and “do-it-for-me,” or Commercial, customers.
We were founded in 1929 as Advance Stores Company, Incorporated and operated as a retailer of general merchandise until the 1980s. During the 1980s, we sharpened our focus to target sales of automotive parts and accessories to DIY customers. From the 1980s to the present, we have grown significantly as a result of comparable store sales growth, new store openings and strategic acquisitions. Since 1996, we have aggressively expanded our sales to Commercial customers through our commercial delivery program. Our parent company, Advance Auto Parts, Inc., a Delaware corporation, was incorporated in 2001 in conjunction with the acquisition of Discount Auto Parts, Inc., or Discount. At January 2, 2010, our 2009 fiscal year-end, we operated 3,420 total stores.
Our Internet address is www.AdvanceAutoParts.com. We make available free of charge through our Internet website our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. The SEC maintains a website that contains reports, proxy statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. These materials may be obtained electronically by accessing the SEC's website at www.sec.gov.
We operate in two reportable segments: Advance Auto Parts, or AAP, and Autopart International, or AI. The AAP segment is comprised of our store operations within the United States, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands which operate under the trade names “Advance Auto Parts,” “Advance Discount Auto Parts” and “Western Auto.” The AI segment consists solely of the operations of Autopart International, Inc., or Autopart International, which operates as an independent, wholly-owned subsidiary and primarily serves the Commercial market. We acquired Autopart International in September 2005.
Financial information on our segments is included in Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. In addition, selected financial data for our segments is available in Note 21, Segment and Related Information, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
At January 2, 2010, we operated 3,264 AAP stores within the United States, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. We operated 3,238 stores throughout 39 states in the Northeastern, Southeastern and Midwestern regions of the United States. These stores operated under the “Advance Auto Parts” trade name except for certain stores in the state of Florida, which operated under the “Advance Discount Auto Parts” trade name. These stores offer a broad selection of brand name and proprietary automotive replacement parts, accessories, batteries and maintenance items for domestic and imported cars and light trucks. In addition, we operated 26 stores under the “Western Auto” and “Advance Auto Parts” trade names, located in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, or Offshore.
We also provide our customers online shopping at www.AdvanceAutoParts.com and access to over 100,000 parts and accessories. Our new website was launched in October 2009 and is operated by our dedicated e-commerce team. Our online website allows our customers to pick up merchandise at a conveniently located store or have their purchases shipped directly to their home or business.
Store Overview>. Our stores generally are located in freestanding buildings in areas with high vehicle traffic counts, good visibility and easy access to major roadways and to our Commercial customers. We believe that our stores exhibit a customer-friendly format with the majority of our stores featuring an updated exterior and interior, bright lighting, and a well-designed and easily navigated floor plan. The average size of our stores is 7,400 square feet with the size of our typical new stores approximating 6,000 to 7,000 square feet. Our stores generally are open from 7:30 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. six days a week and 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. on Sundays and most holidays to meet the needs of our DIY and Commercial customers. We offer extended hours in a limited number of our stores, including 24 hours per day in certain stores.
Our stores carry a standard product offering of approximately 16,000 stock keeping units, or SKUs. Certain stores carry slightly more SKUs within centralized market locations where there is demand for a more customized assortment of merchandise. Additionally, some of our stores carry an additional customized assortment of 11,000 SKUs for same-day or next-day delivery to other select stores within the respective service area. We refer to these stores as HUB stores. The standard SKU offering within each of our stores is replenished from one of our eight distribution centers once per week on average.
We also utilize a network of Parts Delivered Quickly, or PDQ®, facilities and one Master PDQ® facility to ensure our stores have the right product at the right time to meet our customers’ needs. Our PDQ® and Master PDQ® network of facilities provide our customers with an additional assortment of approximately 87,000 less common SKUs on a same-day or overnight basis. Lastly, our customers have access to over 340,000 SKUs by ordering directly from one of our vendors for delivery to a particular store or other destination as chosen by the customer.
Store Team Members utilize our proprietary point-of-sale, or POS, system, including a fully integrated electronic parts catalog to identify and suggest the appropriate quality and price options for the SKUs we carry, as well as the related products, tools or additional information that is required by our customers to complete their automotive repair projects properly and safely. We strive to be the leader in the automotive aftermarket industry in serving our customers by providing quality products at the right price and backed by a solid warranty and outstanding customer service. We offer many of the products in our stores at a good, better or best recommendation differentiated by price and quality.
The primary categories of product we offer in our stores include:
The product in our stores is generally arranged in a uniform and consistent manner based on standard store formats and merchandise presentation. The parts inventory is generally located on shelves behind the customer service counter with the remaining product, or front room merchandise, arranged on the sales floor to provide easy customer access, maximum selling space and to prominently display high-turnover products and accessories to customers. We utilize aisle displays to feature high-demand or seasonal merchandise, new items and advertised specials, including bilingual signage based on the demographics in each store’s geographic area.
We also provide a variety of services free of charge to our customers including:
Our stores are 100% company operated and are divided into three geographic areas. Each geographic area is managed by a senior vice president, who is supported by regional and district management. District managers have direct responsibility for store operations in a specific district, which typically consists on average of 15 stores. Depending on store size and sales volume, each store is staffed by 8 to 16 Team Members, under the leadership of a general manager. Store Team Members are comprised of full and part-time Team Members. Each store include a parts professional, or parts pro, who has an extensive technical knowledge of automotive replacement parts and other related applications to better serve our commercial and DIY customers. Many of our stores include bilingual Team Members to better serve our diverse customer base. We offer training to all of our Team Members which includes formal classroom workshops, online seminars and certification by the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence, or ASE. ASE is broadly recognized for training certification in the automotive industry.
Commercial Sales.> Our commercial sales consist of sales to both our walk-in and delivery Commercial customers, which represented approximately 29% of our AAP sales in Fiscal 2009. Since 1996, we have aggressively expanded our sales to Commercial customers through our Commercial delivery program. For delivered sales, we utilize our Commercial delivery fleet to deliver product from our store locations to our Commercial customers’ place of business, including independent garages, service stations and auto dealers. Our stores are supported by a Commercial sales team who are dedicated to the development of our national, regional and local Commercial customers.
Under our Commercial Acceleration strategy, we are focused on increasing our Commercial sales at a faster rate in light of the favorable market dynamics. During 2009, we increased the size of our sales force by approximately 45% for a greater emphasis on acquiring new Commercial customers and increasing our share of existing commercial customers’ purchases. We have added key product brands in our stores that are well recognized by our Commercial customers, as well as increased the parts knowledge of our store Team Members. We believe these initiatives will enable us to gain more Commercial customers as well as increase our sales from existing customers who will use us as their “first call” supplier. At January 2, 2010, 2,868 AAP stores, or 88% of total AAP stores, had Commercial delivery programs, which was up slightly from 85% at January 3, 2009.
Store Development.> Our store development program has historically focused on adding new stores within existing markets where we can achieve a larger presence, remodeling or relocating existing stores and entering new markets. The addition of new stores, along with strategic acquisitions, has played a significant role in our growth and success. We believe the opening of new stores, and their strategic location in relation to our DIY and Commercial customers, will continue to play a significant role in our future growth and success.
We open and operate stores profitably in both large, densely populated markets and small, less densely populated areas that would not otherwise support a national chain selling primarily to the retail automotive aftermarket. We complete substantial research prior to entering a new market. Key factors in selecting new site and market locations include population, demographics, vehicle profile, number and strength of competitors’ stores and the cost of real estate.
Our 3,264 AAP stores were located in the following states and territories at January 2, 2010:
The following table sets forth information concerning increases in the total number of our AAP stores during the past five years:
Store Technology. > Our store-based information systems, which are designed to improve the efficiency of our operations and enhance customer service, are comprised of a proprietary POS system and electronic parts catalog, or EPC, system. Information maintained by our POS system is used to formulate pricing, marketing and merchandising strategies and to replenish inventory accurately and rapidly. Our POS system is fully integrated with our EPC system and enables our store Team Members to assist our customers in their parts selection and ordering based on year, make, model and engine type of their vehicles. Our centrally-based EPC data management system enables us to reduce the time needed to (i) exchange data with our vendors and (ii) catalog and deliver updated, accurate parts information.
Our EPC system also contains enhanced search engines and user-friendly navigation tools that enhance our Team Members’ ability to look up any needed parts as well as additional products the customer needs to complete their automotive repair project. If a hard-to-find part or accessory is not available at one of our stores, the EPC system can determine whether the part is carried and in-stock through our PDQÒ system. Available parts and accessories are then ordered electronically from another store, PDQÒ or Master PDQÒ with immediate confirmation of price, availability and estimated delivery time.
We also support our store operations with additional proprietary systems. Our store-level inventory management system provides real-time inventory tracking at the store level. With the store-level system, store Team Members can check the quantity of on-hand inventory for any SKU, adjust stock levels for select items for store
specific events, automatically process returns and defective merchandise, designate SKUs for cycle counts and track merchandise transfers. Our stores use radio frequency hand-held devices to help ensure the accuracy of our inventory. Our standard operating procedure, or SOP, system is a web-based, electronic data management system that provides our Team Members with instant and quick access to any of our standard operating procedures through a comprehensive on-line search function. Additionally, we utilize a labor scheduling system known as management planning and training, or MPT. All of these systems are tightly integrated and provide real-time, comprehensive information to store personnel, resulting in improved customer service levels, Team Member productivity and in-stock availability.
Store Support Center
Merchandising. > Purchasing for virtually all of the merchandise for our stores is handled by our merchandise teams located in three primary locations:
Our Roanoke team is primarily responsible for the parts categories and our Minnesota team is primarily responsible for accessories, oil and chemicals. Our global sourcing team works closely with both teams.
In Fiscal 2009, we purchased merchandise from approximately 400 vendors, with no single vendor accounting for more than 9% of purchases. Our purchasing strategy involves negotiating agreements with most of our vendors to purchase merchandise over a specified period of time along with other terms, including pricing, payment terms and volume.
The merchandising team has developed strong vendor relationships in the industry and, in a collaborative effort with our vendor partners, utilizes a category management process. The merchandising team continues to refine its category management process and has recently implemented the first phase of a category management system which consists of a multi-phase implementation of an Oracle system solution. We believe this process, which develops a customer-focused business plan for each merchandise category, and our global sourcing operation are critical to improving comparable store sales, gross margin and inventory turns.
Our merchandising strategy, which generates DIY customer traffic and also appeals to Commercial customers, is to carry a broad selection of high quality brand name automotive parts and accessories such as Bosch®, Castrol®, Sylvania®, Prestone®, Monroe®, Wagner®, Purolator®, Dayco®, Trico® and Federal-Mogul Moog®, or Moog®. In addition to these branded products, we stock a wide selection of high quality proprietary products that appeal to value conscious customers. These lines of merchandise include everything from chemical and wash-and-wax products to tools, batteries, parts and interior automotive accessories under various private label names such as Wearever® and Autocraft®.
Supply Chain.> Our supply chain consists of centralized inventory management and transportation functions which support a supply chain network of distribution centers, PDQ® warehouses and stores. Our inventory management team utilizes a replenishment system to monitor the distribution center, PDQ® warehouse and store inventory levels and orders additional product when appropriate while streamlining handling costs. Our replenishment system utilizes the most up-to-date information from our POS system as well as inventory movement forecasting based upon sales history, sales trends by SKU, seasonality (and weather patterns) and demographic shifts in demand. Our replenishment system combines these factors with service level goals, vendor lead times and cost of inventory assumptions to determine the timing and size of purchase orders. A significant portion of our purchase orders are sent via electronic data interchange, with the remainder being sent by computer generated e-mail or facsimile.
Our transportation team utilizes a transportation management system to efficiently manage incoming shipments to our distribution centers and from our distribution centers to our stores. Benefits from this system include (i) reduced vendor to distribution center freight costs, (ii) visibility of purchase orders and shipments for the entire
supply chain, (iii) a reduction in distribution center inventory, or safety stock, due to consistent transit times, (iv) decreased third party freight and billing service costs, (v) decreased distribution center to store freight costs and (vi) higher store in-stock position. We utilize two reputable dedicated carriers to ship product from our distribution centers to our stores.
We currently operate eight distribution centers. All of these distribution centers are equipped with our distribution center management system, or DCMS. Our DCMS provides real-time inventory tracking through the processes of receiving, picking, shipping and replenishing inventory at our distribution centers. The DCMS, integrated with technologically advanced material handling equipment, significantly reduces warehouse and distribution costs, while improving efficiency. This equipment includes carousels, “pick-to-light” systems, radio frequency technology, voice technology and automated sorting systems. Through the continued implementation of our supply chain initiatives such as engineered standards in our distribution centers, we expect to further increase the efficient utilization of our distribution capacity. We believe our current supply chain network, including a new distribution projected to open in Indiana in 2011, provides ample capacity for our projected growth in the foreseeable future.
We currently offer approximately 56,000 SKUs to support all of our retail stores via our 20 stand-alone PDQ® warehouses and/or our eight distribution centers (all of which stock PDQ® items). Stores have system visibility to inventory in their respective PDQÒ warehouses and distribution centers and can place orders to these facilities, or as an alternative, through an online ordering system to virtually any of the other facilities. Ordered parts are delivered to substantially all stores on a same day or next day basis through our dedicated PDQ® trucking fleet and third party carriers. Store inventories are replenished from our eight distribution centers. In addition, we operate a Master PDQ® warehouse that stocks approximately 31,000 incremental SKUs of harder-to-find automotive parts and accessories and utilizes our existing PDQ® distribution infrastructure and/or third party arrangements to provide next day service to substantially all of our stores.
Marketing & Advertising. > We have an extensive marketing and advertising program designed to communicate our ability to meet consumers’ needs through our merchandise offerings, parts assortment and availability, competitive prices, free services and commitment to customer service. Our marketing and advertising program is focused on establishing Advance Auto Parts as the primary resource for a customer's automotive needs. We reinforce our brand image through a mix of media that includes television, radio, promotional signage, outdoor media, print, on-line advertising and our Internet site.
Our marketing and advertising plan is a brand-building program primarily built around television, direct marketing, radio advertising, and local marketing. The plan is supported by in-store signage, on-line advertising and print. Our television advertising is a combination of national and regional media in both sports and entertainment programming. Radio advertising generally airs during peak drive times. We use Spanish-language radio and television advertising to market to our Hispanic customers. Our advertising program is also supported through a new title sponsorship program for Monster Jam, a live family oriented motorsports event tour and television show highlighted by the racing and freestyle competition of monster trucks, and sponsorships of sporting events, racing teams and other grass-root level events intended to positively impact individual communities, including Hispanic and other ethnic communities, to create awareness and drive traffic for our stores. Since 2004, we have used an integrated consumer education program to build our image as not only the best source for parts, but also the best resource for vehicle information. Our goal with our consumer education initiative is to continue our long-term brand building success, increase customer loyalty and expand our customer base.
We continue to support our 2008 branding campaign, “Keep the wheels turning.” This campaign was developed based on a strategic review of our business as well as extensive research conducted with our customers and Team Members. We believe this campaign, which targets core DIY and Commercial customers, differentiates Advance Auto Parts in our industry by positioning us as (i) the brand that best understands customers’ needs, (ii) the source for brand name parts and products and (iii) the resource for expert advice and knowledge to help customers keep their vehicles running. The campaign includes creative and compelling television and radio commercials designed to drive sales and build an enduring, positive image of Advance Auto Parts with our targeted customers.
AI’s business primarily serves the Commercial market, with an emphasis on parts for imported cars, from its store locations located primarily throughout the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions. In addition, its North American Sales Division serves warehouse distributors and jobbers throughout North America. We believe AI provides a high level of service to its Commercial customers by providing quality parts, unsurpassed customer service and efficient parts delivery. As a result of its extensive sourcing network, AI is able to serve its customers in search of replacement parts for both domestic and imported cars and light trucks with a greater focus on imported parts. The vast majority of AI’s product is sold under its own proprietary brand. The AI stores offer approximately 18,000 SKUs with access to an additional 17,000 unique SKUs through its supply chain network.
AI has significantly increased its store count since our acquisition of AI in September 2005. At January 2, 2010, we operated 156 stores under the “Autopart International” trade name in the following states:
The following table sets forth information concerning increases in the total number of our AI stores:
Our business is somewhat seasonal in nature, with the highest sales occurring in the spring and summer months. In addition, our business can be affected by weather conditions. While unusually heavy precipitation tends to soften sales as elective maintenance is deferred during such periods, extremely hot or cold weather tends to enhance sales by causing automotive parts to fail at an accelerated rate.
At February 26, 2010, we employed approximately 29,000 full-time Team Members and approximately 20,000 part-time Team Members. Our workforce consisted of 90% of our Team Members employed in store-level operations, 7% employed in distribution and 3% employed in our corporate offices. We have never experienced any labor disruption and are not party to any collective bargaining agreements. We believe that our Team Member relations are good.
We own a number of trade names and own and have federally registered several service marks and trademarks, including “Advance Auto Parts,” “Western Auto,” “Parts America,” “Autopart International” and “PDQ®” for use in connection with the automotive parts retailing business. In addition, we own and have registered a number of
trademarks for our proprietary products. We believe that these trade names, service marks and trademarks are important to our merchandising strategy. We do not know of any infringing uses that would materially affect the use of these trade names and marks, and we actively defend and enforce them.
We operate in both the DIY and Commercial markets of the automotive aftermarket industry. Our primary competitors are (i) both national and regional retail chains of automotive parts stores, including AutoZone, Inc., O'Reilly Automotive, Inc. and The Pep Boys–Manny, Moe & Jack, (ii) discount stores and mass merchandisers that carry automotive products, (iii) wholesalers or jobber stores, including those associated with national parts distributors or associations, such as NAPA and Carquest, (iv) independent operators and (v) automobile dealers that supply parts. We believe that chains of automotive parts stores that, like us, have multiple locations in one or more markets, have competitive advantages in customer service, marketing, inventory selection, purchasing and distribution as compared to independent retailers and jobbers that are not part of a chain or associated with other retailers or jobbers. The principal methods of competition in our business include store location, product offerings, availability, quality, price and customer service.
We are subject to various federal, state and local laws and governmental regulations relating to the operation of our business, including those governing recycling of automotive lead-acid batteries and used automotive oil, and ownership and operation of real property. We sell consumer products containing hazardous materials as part of our business. In addition, our customers may bring automotive lead-acid batteries or used automotive oil onto our properties. We currently provide collection and recycling programs for used lead-acid batteries and used oil at substantially all of our stores as a service to our customers. Pursuant to agreements with third party vendors, lead-acid batteries and used oil are collected by our Team Members, deposited onto pallets or into vendor supplied containers and stored by us until collected by the third party vendors for recycling or proper disposal. The terms of our contracts with third party vendors provide that they are in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations. Persons who arrange for the removal, disposal, treatment or other handling of hazardous or toxic substances may be liable for the costs of removal or remediation at any affected disposal, treatment or other site affected by such substances. Based on our experience, we do not believe that there are any material environmental costs associated with the current business practice of accepting lead-acid batteries and used oil as these costs are borne by the respective third parties.
We own and lease real property. Under various environmental laws and regulations, a current or previous owner or operator of real property may be liable for the cost of removal or remediation of hazardous or toxic substances on, under or in such property. These laws often impose joint and several liability and may be imposed without regard to whether the owner or operator knew of, or was responsible for, the release of such hazardous or toxic substances. Other environmental laws and common law principles also could be used to impose liability for releases of hazardous materials into the environment or work place, and third parties may seek recovery from owners or operators of real properties for personal injury or property damage associated with exposure to released hazardous substances. From time to time, we receive notices from the Environmental Protection Agency and state environmental authorities indicating that there may be contamination on properties we own, lease or operate or may have owned, leased or operated in the past or on adjacent properties for which we may be responsible. Compliance with these laws and regulations has not had a material impact on our operations to date.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Our business is subject to a variety of risks, both known and unknown. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows could be negatively impacted by the following risk factors. These risks are not the only risks that may impact our business.
Deterioration in general macro-economic conditions, including unemployment, inflation or deflation, consumer debt levels, high fuel and energy costs, uncertain credit markets or other recessionary type conditions could have a negative impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Deterioration in general macro-economic conditions impacts us through (i) higher operating costs from higher energy prices, (ii) potential adverse effects from deteriorating and uncertain credit markets and (iii) the negative impact on our suppliers and customers.
Impact of Credit Market Uncertainty
Our overall credit rating may be negatively impacted by deteriorating and uncertain credit markets. The interest rates on our credit facilities are linked directly to our credit ratings. Accordingly, any negative impact on our credit rating would likely result in higher interest rates and interest expense we pay on borrowed funds. Additionally, we may be limited in our ability to borrow additional funds to finance our operations. It is possible that one or more of the banks that provides us with financing under our credit facilities may fail to honor the terms of our existing credit facilities or be financially unable to provide the unused credit. An inability to obtain sufficient financing at cost-effective rates could have a materially adverse affect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Impact on our Suppliers
Our business depends on developing and maintaining close relationships with our suppliers and on our suppliers' ability or willingness to sell quality products to us at favorable prices and terms. Many factors outside of our control may harm these relationships and the ability or willingness of these suppliers to sell us products on favorable terms. One such factor is a general decline in the economy and economic conditions and prolonged recessionary conditions. These events could negatively affect our suppliers’ operations and make it difficult for them to obtain the credit lines or loans necessary to finance their operations in the short-term or long-term and meet our product requirements. Financial or operational difficulties that some of our suppliers may face could also increase the cost of the products we purchase from them or our ability to source product from them. We might not be able to pass our increased costs onto our customers. In addition, the trend towards consolidation among automotive parts suppliers as well as the off-shoring of manufacturing capacity to foreign countries may disrupt or end our relationship with some suppliers, and could lead to less competition and result in higher prices. We could also be negatively impacted by suppliers who might experience bankruptcies, work stoppages, labor strikes or other interruptions to or difficulties in the manufacture or supply of the products we purchase from them.
Impact on our Customers
Deterioration in macro-economic conditions may have a negative impact on our customers’ net worth, financial resources and disposable income. This impact could reduce their willingness or ability to pay for accessories, maintenance or repair of their vehicles, which results in lower sales in our stores. Higher fuel costs may also reduce the overall number of miles driven by our customers resulting in less parts failures and elective maintenance required to be completed.
If overall demand for products sold by our stores slows or declines, our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows will suffer. Decreased demand could also negatively impact our stock price.
Overall demand for products sold by our stores depends on many factors and may slow or decrease due to any number of reasons, including:
If any of these factors cause overall demand for the products we sell to decline, our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows will suffer.
If we are unable to compete successfully against other companies in the automotive aftermarket industry we may lose customers, our revenues may decline, and we may be less profitable or potentially unprofitable.
The sale of automotive parts, accessories and maintenance items is highly competitive in many ways, including name recognition, location, price, quality, product availability and customer service. We compete in both the DIY and Commercial categories of the automotive aftermarket industry, primarily with: (i) national and regional retail automotive parts chains, (ii) discount stores and mass merchandisers that carry automotive products, (iii) wholesalers or jobber stores, (iv) independent operators and (v) automobile dealers that supply parts. These competitors and the level of competition vary by market. Some of our competitors may possess advantages over us in certain markets we share, including a greater amount of marketing activities, a larger number of stores, store locations, store layouts, longer operating histories, greater name recognition, larger and more established customer bases, lower prices, and better product warranties. Our response to these competitive disadvantages may require us to reduce our prices below our normal selling prices or increase our promotional spending, which would lower our revenue and profitability. Competitive disadvantages may also prevent us from introducing new product lines, require us to discontinue current product offerings, or change some of our current operating strategies. If we do not have the resources or expertise, or otherwise fail to develop successful strategies to address these competitive disadvantages, we may lose customers, our revenues and profit margins may decline and we may be less profitable or potentially unprofitable.
We depend on the services of many qualified Team Members, whom we may not be able to attract and retain.>
Our success depends to a significant extent on the continued services and experience of our Team Members. At February 26, 2010, we employed approximately 49,000 Team Members. We may not be able to retain our current qualified Team Members or attract and retain additional qualified Team Members that may be needed in the future. Our ability to maintain an adequate number of qualified Team Members is highly dependent on an attractive and competitive compensation and benefits package. If we fail or are unable to maintain such a package, our customer service and execution levels could suffer by reason of a declining quality of our workforce, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
We may not be able to successfully implement our business strategy, including increasing comparable store sales, enhancing our margins and increasing our return on invested capital, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
We have implemented numerous initiatives as part of our business strategy, including four key strategies introduced in 2008, to increase comparable store sales, enhance our margins and increase our return on invested capital in order to increase our earnings and cash flow. If we are unable to implement these initiatives efficiently and effectively, or if these initiatives are unsuccessful, our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows could be adversely affected.
Successful implementation of our business strategy also depends on factors specific to the retail automotive parts industry and numerous other factors that may be beyond our control. In addition to the aforementioned risk factors, adverse changes in the following factors could undermine our business strategy and have a material adverse affect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flow:
We will not be able to expand our business if our growth strategy is not successful, including the availability of suitable locations for new store openings or the successful integration of any acquired businesses, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
We have increased our store count significantly from 814 stores at the end of Fiscal 1997 to 3,420 stores at January 2, 2010. We intend to continue to increase the number of our stores and expand the markets we serve as part of our growth strategy, primarily by opening new stores. We may also grow our business through strategic acquisitions. We do not know whether the implementation of our growth strategy will be successful. The actual number of new stores to be opened and their success will depend on a number of factors, including, among other things:
· the availability of potential store locations;
· the negotiation of acceptable lease or purchase terms for new locations;
· the availability of financial resources, including access to capital at cost-effective interest rates; and
· our ability to manage the expansion and hire, train and retain qualified sales associates.
We are unsure whether we will be able to open and operate new stores on a timely or sufficiently profitable basis, or that opening new stores in markets we already serve will not harm existing store profitability or comparable store sales. The newly opened and existing stores' profitability will depend on the competition we face as well as our ability to properly merchandise, market and price the products desired by customers in these markets.
We may acquire stores or businesses from, make investments in, or enter into strategic alliances with companies that have stores or distribution networks in our current markets or in areas into which we intend to expand our presence. Any future acquisitions, investments, strategic alliances or related efforts will be accompanied by risks, including but not limited to:
We are unsure whether we will be successful in overcoming these risks or any other problems encountered with any acquisitions, investments, strategic alliances or related efforts. If we fail to successfully open and operate new stores or make strategic acquisitions or alliances, then our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows may be negatively impacted.
Because we are involved in litigation from time to time, and are subject to numerous laws and governmental regulations, we could incur substantial judgments, fines, legal fees and other costs.
We are sometimes the subject of complaints or litigation from customers, employees or other third parties for various actions. From time to time, we are involved in litigation involving claims related to, among other things, breach of contract, tortious conduct, employment discrimination, payment of wages, asbestos exposure, real estate, and product defects. The damages sought against us in some of these litigation proceedings are substantial. Although we maintain liability insurance for some litigation claims, if one or more of the claims were to greatly exceed our insurance coverage limits or if our insurance policies do not cover a claim, this could have a material adverse affect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Additionally, we are subject to numerous federal, state and local laws and governmental regulations relating to environmental protection, product quality standards, building and zoning requirements, as well as employment law matters. If we fail to comply with existing or future laws or regulations, we may be subject to governmental or judicial fines or sanctions, while incurring substantial legal fees and costs. In addition, our capital expenses could increase due to remediation measures that may be required if we are found to be noncompliant with any existing or future laws or regulations.
We may be affected by global climate change or by legal, regulatory, or market responses to such change.
The growing political and scientific sentiment is that global weather patterns are being influenced by increased levels of greenhouse gases in the earth’s atmosphere. This growing sentiment and the concern over climate change have led to legislative and regulatory initiatives aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions. For example, proposals that would impose mandatory requirements on greenhouse gas emissions continue to be considered by policy makers in the United States. Laws enacted that directly or indirectly affect our suppliers (through an increase in the cost of production or their ability to produce satisfactory products) or our business (through an impact on our inventory availability, cost of sales, operations or demand for the products we sell) could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Significant increases in fuel economy requirements or new federal or state restrictions on emissions of carbon dioxide that may be imposed on vehicles and automobile fuels could adversely affect demand for vehicles, annual miles driven or the products we sell or lead to changes in automotive technology. Compliance with any new or more stringent laws or regulations, or stricter interpretations of existing laws, could require additional expenditures by us or our suppliers. Our inability to respond to changes in automotive technology could adversely impact the demand for our products and our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
War or acts of terrorism, or the threat of either, may negatively impact the availability and cost of merchandise and our customers and adversely impact our sales and profitability.
War or acts of terrorism, or the threat of either, may have a negative impact on our ability to obtain merchandise available for sale in our stores. Some of our merchandise is imported from other countries. If imported goods become difficult or impossible to import into the United States, and if we cannot obtain such merchandise from other sources at similar costs, our sales and profit margins may be negatively affected.
In the event that commercial transportation is curtailed or substantially delayed, our business may be adversely impacted, as we may have difficulty shipping merchandise to our distribution centers and stores.
Furthermore, terrorist attacks, war in the Middle East, or war within or between any oil producing country
would likely result in an abrupt increase in the price of crude oil, gasoline, diesel fuel and energy costs. Such price increases would increase the cost of doing business for us and our suppliers, and also would negatively impact our customers' disposable income and have an adverse impact on our business, sales, profit margins and results of operations.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
Item 2. Properties.
The following table sets forth certain information relating to our distribution and other principal facilities:
At January 2, 2010, we owned 666 of our stores and leased 2,754 stores. The expiration dates, including the exercise of renewal options, of the store leases are summarized as follows:
Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
We currently and from time to time are involved in litigation incidental to the conduct of our business, including litigation arising from claims of employment discrimination or other types of employment matters as a result of claims by current and former employees. Although we diligently defend against these claims, we may enter into discussions regarding settlement of these and other lawsuits, and may enter into settlement agreements, if we believe settlement is in the best interests of our shareholders. The damages claimed against us in some of these proceedings are substantial. Although the amount of liability that may result from these matters cannot be ascertained, we do not currently believe that, in the aggregate, they will result in liabilities material to our consolidated financial condition, future results of operations or cash flow.
Our Western Auto subsidiary, together with other defendants including automobile manufacturers, automotive parts manufacturers and other retailers, has been named as a defendant in lawsuits alleging injury as a result of exposure to asbestos-containing products. We and some of our other subsidiaries also have been named as defendants in many of these lawsuits. The plaintiffs have alleged that these products were manufactured, distributed and/or sold by the various defendants. To date, these products have included brake and clutch parts and roofing materials. Many of the cases pending against us or our subsidiaries are in the early stages of litigation. The damages claimed against the defendants in some of these proceedings are substantial. Additionally, some of the automotive parts manufacturers named as defendants in these lawsuits have declared bankruptcy, which will limit plaintiffs’ ability to recover monetary damages from those defendants. Although we diligently defend against these claims, we may enter into discussions regarding settlement of these and other lawsuits, and may enter into settlement agreements, if we believe settlement is in the best interests of our shareholders. We also believe that most of these claims are at least partially covered by insurance. Based on discovery to date, we do not believe the cases currently pending will have a material adverse effect on us. However, if we were to incur an adverse verdict in one or more of these claims and were ordered to pay damages that were not covered by insurance, these claims could have a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial position and liquidity. If the number of claims filed against us or any of our subsidiaries alleging injury as a result of exposure to asbestos-containing products increases substantially, the costs associated with concluding these claims, including damages resulting from any adverse verdicts, could have a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial position and liquidity in future periods.
Item 4. Reserved.
Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange, or NYSE, under the symbol "AAP." The table below sets forth, for the fiscal periods indicated, the high and low sale prices per share for our common stock, as reported by the NYSE.
The closing price of our common stock on February 26, 2010 was $40.80. At February 26, 2010, there were 363 holders of record of our common stock (which does not include the number of individual beneficial owners whose shares were held on their behalf by brokerage firms in street name).
Our Board of Directors has declared a $0.06 per share quarterly cash dividend since its inception in Fiscal 2006. Any payments of dividends in the future will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend upon our results of operations, cash flows, capital requirements and other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors.
The following table sets for the information with respect to repurchases of our common stock for the quarter ended January 2, 2010 (amounts in thousands, except per share amounts);
Stock Price Performance
The following graph shows a comparison of the cumulative total return on our common stock, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index and the Standard & Poor’s 500 Specialty Retail Index. The graph assumes that the value of an investment in our common stock and in each such index was $100 on January 1, 2005, and that any dividends have been reinvested. The comparison in the graph below is based solely on historical data and is not intended to forecast the possible future performance of our common stock.
COMPARISON OF CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN AMONG
ADVANCE AUTO PARTS, INC., S&P 500 INDEX
AND S&P 500 SPECIALTY RETAIL INDEX
Item 6. Selected Consolidated Financial Data.
The following table sets forth our selected historical consolidated statement of operations, balance sheet and other operating data. Included in this table are key metrics and operating results used to measure our financial progress. The selected historical consolidated financial and other data at January 2, 2010 and January 3, 2009 and for the three years ended January 2, 2010 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this report. The historical consolidated financial and other data at December 29, 2007, December 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005 and for the years ended December 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes that have not been included in this report. You should read this data along with "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," and our consolidated financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this report.
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with "Selected Consolidated Financial Data," our consolidated historical financial statements and the notes to those statements that appear elsewhere in this report. Our discussion contains forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties, such as our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions. Actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors, including those set forth under the sections entitled “Forward-Looking Statements” and "Risk Factors" elsewhere in this report.
Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest December 31st of each year, which results in an extra week every several years (Fiscal 2008 contained 53 weeks). Our first quarter consists of 16 weeks, and the other three quarters consist of 12 weeks, with the exception of the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2008 which contained 13 weeks due to our 53-week Fiscal 2008.
We are a leading specialty retailer of automotive aftermarket parts, accessories, batteries and maintenance items primarily operating within the United States. Our stores carry an extensive product line for cars, vans, sport utility vehicles and light trucks. We serve both DIY and Commercial customers. At January 2, 2010, we operated 3,420 stores throughout 39 states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
We operate in two reportable segments: Advance Auto Parts, or AAP, and Autopart International, or AI. The AAP segment is comprised of our store operations within the United States, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands which operate under the trade names “Advance Auto Parts,” “Advance Discount Auto Parts” and “Western Auto.” At January 2, 2010, we operated 3,264 stores in the AAP segment, of which 3,238 stores operated under the trade names “Advance Auto Parts” and “Advance Discount Auto Parts” throughout 39 states in the Northeastern, Southeastern and Midwestern regions of the United States. These stores offer automotive replacement parts, accessories and maintenance items. In addition, we operated 26 stores under the “Western Auto” and “Advance Auto Parts” trade names, located in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, or Offshore.
At January 2, 2010, we operated 156 stores in the AI segment under the “Autopart International” trade name. We acquired AI in September 2005. AI operates as an independent, wholly-owned subsidiary. AI’s business primarily serves the Commercial market from its store locations located primarily in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions. In addition, its North American Sales Division services warehouse distributors and jobbers throughout North America.
During Fiscal 2009, we produced favorable financial results primarily due to top-line sales growth and strong gross profit improvement resulting in earnings per diluted share, or EPS, of $2.83 compared to $2.49 in Fiscal 2008. Although we have presented our financial results in this Form 10-K in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP), our financial results for Fiscal 2009 and Fiscal 2008 include the impact of the following significant items. Our Fiscal 2009 results were reduced by an EPS impact of $0.17 resulting from the closure of 45 stores in connection with our store divestiture plan. Our Fiscal 2008 financial results included an extra week of operations (53rd week) as well as a non-cash obsolete inventory write-down of $37.5 million due to a change in inventory management approach for slow moving inventory, or non-cash inventory adjustment. The impact of the Fiscal 2008 items was a net reduction in EPS of $0.15. We generated significant operating cash flow in Fiscal 2009 that allowed us to invest in business initiatives related to our four key strategies, repay a significant portion of our bank debt and repurchase shares of our common stock.
Fiscal 2009 Highlights
Highlights from our Fiscal 2009 include:
Fiscal 2009 marked the end of the turnaround phase of our strategic plan. We made significant investments in each of our four key strategies with the ultimate focus on the customer and growth in our business. Our principal focus during this turnaround phase has been on Commercial Acceleration and Availability Excellence to accelerate our growth and profitability. We have made strategic choices to fund investments in each of these strategies and will continue to balance our investments between Commercial and DIY over the long term. As we transition from our turnaround phase to a transformation phase, we expect to increase our focus on customer facing capabilities to ensure our customers have a superior experience with us.
Our Commercial comparable store sales increase was 13.7% during Fiscal 2009. Our Commercial sales, as a percentage of total sales, increased 25 basis points to 32.0% for Fiscal 2009 as compared to Fiscal 2008. We believe our consistent growth in Commercial sales and market share is being driven in part by the investments we have made over the last year and continue to make under our Commercial Acceleration strategy. As of the end of Fiscal 2009, we have made substantial investments in parts, key brands, and additional parts professionals, delivery trucks and drivers in approximately one-third of our stores. We have also increased our Commercial sales force by approximately 45% from the beginning of Fiscal 2009. We continue to make progress in redefining and realigning the roles and responsibilities of our operational teams in preparation for the continued growth in Commercial at a faster pace than DIY. We plan to eventually generate closer to a 50/50 mix of Commercial and DIY sales as a result of the highly fragmented Commercial market. Our current market share is less than 5% of the $40 billion Commercial market.
Our Fiscal 2009 DIY comparable store sales increase of 1.7% marks our first positive increase for a full fiscal year since Fiscal 2005. The overall growth in DIY sales during Fiscal 2009 was impacted by the acceleration of store closings, the deceleration of new store openings, reduced marketing spend in the second and third quarters, and the absence of an E-commerce platform. The industry continues to benefit from increased customer traffic as consumers are saving money by maintaining their existing vehicles rather than replacing them and miles driven have started to increase again. Although industry data reported by The NPD Group indicates the market grew slightly faster than we did during Fiscal 2009, we believe we can maintain and eventually increase DIY market share based on our recently revamped marketing programs and other initiatives underway in our DIY Transformation.
We have initiatives underway to address both the conversion rate of our existing customers as well as the consideration rate of potential customers. Conversion rate initiatives include the installation of traffic counters and updated phone systems to provide valuable information about the customer experience, improved staffing and
targeting certain stores with specific research and sales development efforts to help us better solve our customers’ problems and leverage the parts availability and merchandising improvements we are making in our stores. Regarding consideration rate, we have made significant changes to our marketing program during the second half of the year which includes a more targeted approach to attract our highest potential customers. We established a title sponsorship with Monster Jam, a live family oriented motorsports event tour and television show highlighted by the racing and freestyle competition of monster trucks. The Monster Jam tour destinations align closely with our store footprint.
Our Availability Excellence strategy represents our commitment to enhance the breadth and depth of our parts availability in our stores and improve the speed of our parts delivery, in order to help us better serve both our Commercial and DIY customers. In addition to our positive sales results, we believe our ongoing investments and initiatives under this strategy are driving our strong gross profit results. Our gross profit for Fiscal 2009 increased 149 basis points compared to Fiscal 2008, excluding the non-cash inventory adjustment and impact of the 53rd week in Fiscal 2008.
During Fiscal 2009, we made significant progress in capabilities to help drive our sales and gross profit growth, including the continued improvement in parts availability, the strengthening and development of a price optimization capability and implementation of the first phase of our core merchandising system. We also added six net PDQ® facilities and 80 larger stores which stock a wider selection and greater supply of inventory, or HUB stores, to our supply chain network and completed the implementation of engineered standards in all eight of our distribution centers to improve productivity, increase efficiency and ultimately reduce distribution expenses.
We disposed of substantially all of the nonproductive inventory we identified in Fiscal 2008 by the end of Fiscal 2009. We continue to manage our inventory productivity by removing unproductive inventory from our store assortments through utilizing markdown strategies and our vendor return privileges. We expect to manage more effectively the growth in our inventory as compared to our sales growth.
Superior Experience is centered around our store operations and providing superior customer service. The successful rollout and completion of Commercial and DIY initiatives in our stores is greatly dependent on the Superior Experience strategy. The feedback from our customer satisfaction surveys, coupled with our Team Member engagement surveys, provides the evidence of our continued focus and commitment to understand what our customers need and how to engage our Team Members to fulfill that goal. We have a dedicated team of field operations leaders who are leading the rollout of initiatives over our entire store chain in a very disciplined and focused way. These initiatives include improving staffing, structuring operations to more effectively serve both Commercial and DIY customers, providing sales development and coaching and driving gross profit improvements through new battery warranty procedures, better pricing decisions and improved shrink control.
Store Divestiture Plan
For Fiscal 2009, we divested a total of 45 stores that were delivering strategically or financially unacceptable results. These closures were in addition to 10 stores that we closed as part of our routine review and closure of underperforming stores at or near the end of their respective lease terms. During Fiscal 2009, we recognized expenses of $26.1 million related to our store divestiture plan. The majority of this expense was related to the estimated remaining lease obligations at the time of the closures. As of January 2, 2010, we had completed our store divestiture plan. Our total store closures for Fiscal 2010 are estimated at 10 to 15.
Change in Accounting Principle
We have retrospectively adjusted all comparable periods related to cost of sales and SG&A as a result of a change in accounting principle effective January 4, 2009. We changed our accounting for freight and other handling costs associated with transferring merchandise from our HUB stores and PDQ® facilities to our retail stores from recording such costs as SG&A to recording such costs in cost of sales. This change, which had no impact to operating income or cash flows, more accurately reflects the nature of the expense.
The net adjustment increasing cost of sales and decreasing SG&A was $63.9 million and $62.3 million for Fiscal 2008 and 2007, respectively. For additional information regarding this change, see Note 3, Change in Accounting Principle, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Challenging macroeconomic conditions continue with the unemployment rate at 9.7%, the highest in over 25 years, and consumer confidence remaining low. Financial results from the leading automotive aftermarket companies suggest that the entire industry is benefiting from the economic downturn because consumers are keeping their vehicles longer, which in turn increases the average age of vehicles and the need to repair and complete routine maintenance on those vehicles. Recent statistics indicate miles driven have increased three straight quarters reversing a negative trend throughout 2008 and early 2009. In addition, gas prices remain well under the historic highs experienced throughout most of 2008 and the average vehicle age continues to rise and is slightly over 10 years.
In summary, the economic environment continues to present mixed results to our industry with opportunities to serve customers in need of parts and other required maintenance but other elective maintenance and accessory purchases being deferred until disposable income returns to higher levels. We believe we can maintain market share and eventually increase our market share in the less fragmented DIY market. We also believe we will continue to significantly increase our market share in the Commercial market where our current market share is less than 5% of the $40 billion Commercial market.
We are pleased with our Fiscal 2009 financial results. We remain committed to making the necessary investments to help ensure our long-term profitability and the success of our transformation as we strive to become the industry leader.
Store Development by Segment
The following table sets forth the total number of new, closed and relocated stores and stores with Commercial delivery programs during Fiscal 2009, 2008 and 2007. We lease approximately 81% of our stores.
During Fiscal 2010, we anticipate adding approximately 110 AAP and 40 AI stores and closing 10 to 15 total stores.
Critical Accounting Policies
Our financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting policies generally accepted in the United States of America. Our discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations are based on these financial statements. The preparation of these financial statements requires the application of accounting policies in addition to certain estimates and judgments by our management. Our estimates and judgments are based on currently available information, historical results and other assumptions we believe are reasonable. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates.
The preparation of our financial statements included the following significant estimates and exercise of judgment.
We receive incentives in the form of reductions to amounts owed and/or payments from vendors related to cooperative advertising allowances, volume rebates and other promotional considerations. Many of these incentives are under long-term agreements (terms in excess of one year), while others are negotiated on an annual basis or less (short-term). Both cooperative advertising allowances and volume rebates are earned based on inventory purchases and initially recorded as a reduction to inventory. These deferred amounts are included as a reduction to cost of sales as the inventory is sold since these payments do not represent reimbursements for specific, incremental and identifiable costs. Total deferred vendor incentives included in inventory was $46.3 million at January 2, 2010.
Similarly, we recognize other promotional incentives earned under long-term agreements as a reduction to cost of sales. However, these incentives are recognized based on the cumulative net purchases as a percentage of total estimated net purchases over the life of the agreement. Our margins could be impacted positively or negatively if actual purchases or results from any one year differ from our estimates; however, the impact over the life of the agreement would be the same. Short-term incentives (terms less than one year) are generally recognized as a reduction to cost of sales over the duration of any short-term agreements.
Amounts received or receivable from vendors that are not yet earned are reflected as deferred revenue. Management's estimate of the portion of deferred revenue that will be realized within one year of the balance sheet date is included in Other current liabilities. Earned amounts that are receivable from vendors are included in Receivables, net except for that portion expected to be received after one year, which is included in Other assets, net.
Our inventory reserves consist of reserves for projected losses related to shrink and for potentially excess and obsolete inventory. An increase (or decrease) to our inventory reserves is recorded as an increase (or decrease) to our cost of sales.
Shrink may occur due to theft, loss or inaccurate records for the receipt of merchandise, among other things. We establish reserves for estimated store shrink based on results of completed independent physical inventories, results from recent cycle counts and historical and current loss trends. We perform cycle counts in the distribution facilities throughout the year to measure actual shrink and to estimate reserve requirements. If estimates of our shrink reserves are inaccurate based on the inventory counts, we may be exposed to losses or gains that could be material.
We establish reserves for potentially excess and obsolete inventories based on (i) current inventory levels, (ii) the historical analysis of product sales and (iii) current market conditions. We also provide reserves when less than full credit is expected from a vendor or when liquidating product will result in retail prices below recorded costs. At the end of Fiscal 2008, we reviewed our inventory productivity and changed our inventory management approach for slow moving inventory. As a result, we increased our reserve for excess and obsolete inventories by $34.1 million, excluding a LIFO and warehousing cost impact of $3.4 million. This non-cash expense was presented as an increase to cost of goods sold in our consolidated statement of operations. With this change in inventory management approach, we intend to more effectively manage slow moving inventory and continue to utilize vendor
return privileges when necessary.
Our total inventory reserves decreased by $34.4 million in Fiscal 2009 compared to Fiscal 2008 primarily related to the entire utilization of our reserve for slow moving inventory established in Fiscal 2008 in connection with the change in approach for slow moving inventory. Future changes by vendors in their policies or willingness to accept returns of excess inventory, changes in our inventory management approach for excess and obsolete inventory or failure by us to effectively manage the lifecycle of our inventory could require us to revise our estimates of required reserves and result in a negative impact on our consolidated statement of operations. A 10% difference in actual inventory reserves at January 3, 2009 would have affected net income by approximately $1.8 million for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2010.
We offer limited warranties on certain products that range from 30 days to lifetime warranties; the warranty obligation on the majority of merchandise sold by us with a manufacturer’s warranty is borne by our vendors. However, we have an obligation to provide customers free replacement of merchandise or merchandise at a prorated cost if under a warranty and not covered by the manufacturer. Merchandise sold with warranty coverage by us primarily includes batteries but may also include other parts such as brakes and shocks. We estimate and record a reserve for future warranty claims at the time of sale based on the historical return experience of the respective product sold. If claims experience differs from historical levels, revisions in our estimates may be required, which could have an impact on our consolidated statement of operations. To the extent vendors provide upfront allowances in lieu of accepting the obligation for warranty claims and the allowance is in excess of the related warranty expense, the excess is recorded as a reduction to cost of sales.
A 10% change in the warranty reserves at January 2, 2010 would have affected net income by approximately $1.9 million for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2010.
We are self-insured for general and automobile liability, workers' compensation and the health care claims of our Team Members, although we maintain stop-loss coverage with third-party insurers to limit our total liability exposure. Our self-insurance program started in 2001. Our self-insurance reserves for fiscal 2009, 2008 and 2007 were $93.7 million, $90.6 million and $85.5 million, respectively.
Each year, our reserve for self-insurance increases over the prior year because each year adds an additional layer of reserves without an equal amount of prior year reserves being fully relieved. Generally, claims have historically taken several years to settle and thus are not relieved at the same rate as additional reserves are added each year. We have experienced an increase in overall claims during the last three years which is generally reflective of our overall growth, including an increase in total stores, team members and Commercial delivery vehicles. While we have seen the severity and frequency of worker’s compensation and general liability claims moderate, the severity and frequency of automobile liability claims have increased primarily due to the significant increase in the number of our commercial delivery vehicles.
Our reserve for claims filed, claims incurred but not yet reported, projected future claims using actuarial methods followed in the insurance industry and our historical claims experience. While we do not expect the amounts ultimately paid to differ significantly from our estimates, our self-insurance reserves and corresponding SG&A could be affected if future claim experience differs significantly from historical trends and actuarial assumptions. A 10% change in our self-insurance liabilities at January 2, 2009 would have affected net income by approximately $5.9 million for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2010.
Goodwill and Intangible Assets
We evaluate goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles for impairment annually during our fiscal fourth quarter or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of the goodwill or other intangible asset may not be recoverable. We complete our impairment evaluation by combining information from our internal valuation analyses by reporting units, considering other publicly available market information and using an
independent valuation firm. We determine fair value using widely accepted valuation techniques, including discounted cash flows and market multiple analyses. These types of analyses contain uncertainties because they require management to make assumptions as a marketplace participant would and to apply judgment to estimate industry economic factors and the profitability of future business strategies of our company and our reporting units. These assumptions and estimates are a major component of the derived fair value of our reporting units. The margin of calculated fair value over the respective carrying value of our reporting units may not be indicative of the total company due to differences in the individual reporting units, including but not limited to size and projected growth.
It is our policy to conduct impairment testing based on our current business strategy in light of present industry and economic conditions, as well as our future expectations. We have not made any material changes in the accounting methodology we use to assess impairment loss during the past three fiscal years. We do not believe there is a reasonable likelihood that there will be a material change in the future estimates or assumptions we use to test for impairment losses on goodwill. However, if actual results are not consistent with our estimates or assumptions, we may be exposed to an impairment charge that could be material. A 10% change in our total goodwill and intangible assets outstanding at January 2, 2010 would have affected net income by approximately $3.8 million for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2010.
The determination of our income tax liabilities is based upon the tax law, codes, regulations, pronouncements and court cases for the taxing jurisdictions in which we do business. Our income tax returns are periodically examined by those jurisdictions. These examinations include, among other things, auditing our filing positions, the timing of deductions and allocation of income among the various jurisdictions. At any particular time, multiple years are subject to examination by various taxing authorities.
In evaluating our income tax positions, we record a reserve when a tax benefit cannot be recognized and measured in accordance with the authoritative guidance on uncertain tax positions. These tax reserves are adjusted in the period actual developments give rise to such change. Those developments could be, but are not limited to: settlement of tax audits, expiration of the statute of limitations, the evolution of tax law, codes, regulations and court cases, along with varying applications of tax policy and administration within those jurisdictions.
These tax reserves contain uncertainties because management is required to make assumptions and apply judgment to estimate exposures associated with our various filing positions. Although management believes that the judgments and estimates are reasonable, actual results could differ and we may be exposed to gains or losses that could be material. To the extent that actual results differ from our estimates, the effective tax rate in any particular period could be materially affected. Favorable tax developments would be recognized as a reduction in our effective tax rate in the period of resolution. Unfavorable tax developments would require an increase in our effective tax rate and a possible use of cash in the period of resolution. A 10% change in the tax reserves at January 2, 2010 would have affected net income by approximately $1.0 million for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2010.
Components of Statement of Operations
Net sales consist primarily of merchandise sales from our retail store locations to both our DIY and Commercial customers. Our total sales growth is comprised of both comparable store sales and new store sales. We calculate comparable store sales based on the change in store sales starting once a store has been opened for 13 complete accounting periods (approximately one year). We include sales from relocated stores in comparable store sales from the original date of opening. Beginning in Fiscal 2008, we began including in comparable store sales the net sales from the Offshore and AI stores. The comparable periods have been adjusted accordingly. Fiscal 2008 comparable store sales exclude the effect of the 53rd week.
Cost of Sales
Our cost of sales consists of merchandise costs, net of incentives under vendor programs; inventory shrinkage, defective merchandise and warranty costs; and warehouse and distribution expenses. Gross profit as a percentage of
net sales may be affected by (i) variations in our product mix, (ii) price changes in response to competitive factors and fluctuations in merchandise costs, (iii) vendor programs, (iv) inventory shrinkage, (v) defective merchandise and warranty costs and (v) warehouse and distribution costs. We seek to minimize fluctuations in merchandise costs and instability of supply by entering into long-term purchasing agreements, without minimum purchase volume requirements, when we believe it is advantageous. Our gross profit may not be comparable to those of our competitors due to differences in industry practice regarding the classification of certain costs. See Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements elsewhere in this report for additional discussion of these costs and Note 3 for additional discussion of a change in accounting principle for freight and other handling costs associated with transferring merchandise from HUB stores and PDQ® facilities to our retail stores from recording such costs as SG&A to recording such costs in cost of sales.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
SG&A consists of store payroll, store occupancy (including rent and depreciation), advertising expenses, Commercial delivery expenses, other store expenses and general and administrative expenses, including salaries and related benefits of store support center Team Members, share-based compensation expense, store support center administrative office expenses, data processing, professional expenses, self-insurance costs, closed store expense, impairment charges, if any, and other related expenses. See Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements for additional discussion of these costs and Note 3 for additional discussion of a change in accounting principle.
Consolidated Results of Operations
The following table sets forth certain of our operating data expressed as a percentage of net sales for the periods indicated.
Fiscal 2009 Compared to Fiscal 2008
Net sales for Fiscal 2009 were $5,412.6 million, an increase of $270.4 million, or 5.3%, over net sales for Fiscal 2008. Excluding the $88.8 million impact of the 53rd week in Fiscal 2008, our sales increase was 7.1%. This growth was primarily due to an increase in comparable store sales of 5.3% and sales from the net addition of 52 new AAP and AI stores opened within the last year.
AAP produced sales of $5,218.3 million, an increase of $241.7 million, or 4.9%, over Fiscal 2008. Excluding the $86.5 million impact of the 53rd week in Fiscal 2008, AAP’s sales increase was 6.7%. This growth was primarily due to a 5.1% comparable store sales increase and sales from the net addition of 21 new stores opened within the last year. The AAP comparable store sales increase was driven by an increase in average ticket sales and overall customer traffic. AI produced sales of $202.6 million, an increase of $36.9 million, or 22.3%, over Fiscal 2008. Excluding the $2.3 million impact of the 53rd week in Fiscal 2008, AI’s sales increase was 24.0%. This growth was primarily reflective of a 9.9% comparable store sales increase and sales from the net addition of 31 new stores opened within the last year.
Gross profit for Fiscal 2009 was $2,644.2 million, or 48.9% of net sales, as compared to $2,399.1 million, or 46.7% of net sales, in Fiscal 2008, or an increase of 220 basis points. Excluding the impacts of the $37.5 million non-cash inventory adjustment and the 53rd week in Fiscal 2008, the increase in gross profit rate was 149 basis points. This increase in gross profit as a percentage of net sales was primarily due to continued investments in pricing and merchandising capabilities (including global sourcing), increased parts availability resulting in the sale of more parts which generally contribute a higher gross profit and improved store execution partially offset by decreased inventory shrink.
SG&A expenses for Fiscal 2009 were $2,189.8 million, or 40.5% of net sales, as compared to $1,984.2 million, or 38.6% of net sales, for Fiscal 2008, or an increase of 187 basis points. Store divestiture expenses comprised 48 basis points of the increase in SG&A as a percentage of net sales. The remaining increase was primarily due to:
These increases were partially offset by lower advertising expenses and occupancy expense leverage. Excluding store divestitures, this increase in SG&A is primarily linked to the targeted investments we are making to support each of our four key strategies which have already begun to yield benefits in our sales and gross profit results. While our transformation will require continued investments in areas such as Commercial, e-commerce and global sourcing, management plans to balance increases in fixed and variable SG&A relative to our sales growth.
Operating income for Fiscal 2009 was $454.4 million, or 8.4% of net sales, as compared to $414.9 million, or 8.1% of net sales, in Fiscal 2008, or an increase of 33 basis points. This increase in operating income, as a percentage of net sales, reflects an increase in gross profit partially offset by higher SG&A. The increase in SG&A reflects many of the investments we are making in our business with short-term benefits already being realized in net sales and gross profit resulting in an overall net increase in profitability. The Fiscal 2009 increase in our operating income also benefited from the $37.5 million non-cash inventory adjustment, partially offset by the approximately $15.8 million impact from the 53rd week, in Fiscal 2008.
AAP produced operating income of $446.8 million, or 8.6% of net sales, for Fiscal 2009 as compared to $410.7 million, or 8.3% of net sales, in Fiscal 2008. AI generated operating income for Fiscal 2009 of $7.6 million as compared to $4.2 million in Fiscal 2008. AI’s operating income increased primarily due to its positive sales results for the year and leverage of supply chain costs as a percentage of net sales.
Interest expense for Fiscal 2009 was $23.3 million, or 0.4% of net sales, as compared to $33.7 million, or 0.7% of net sales, in Fiscal 2008. The decrease in interest expense as a percentage of sales is primarily a result of lower outstanding borrowings and increased sales during Fiscal 2009.
Income tax expense for Fiscal 2009 was $161.3 million, as compared to $142.7 million for Fiscal 2008. Our effective income tax rate was 37.4% and 37.5% for Fiscal 2009 and Fiscal 2008, respectively.
Net income for Fiscal 2009 was $270.4 million, or $2.83 per diluted share, for Fiscal 2009, as compared to $238.0 million, or $2.49 per diluted share, for Fiscal 2008. As a percentage of net sales, net income for Fiscal 2009 was 5.0%, as compared to 4.6% for Fiscal 2008. The increase in diluted earnings per share was primarily due to growth in our operating income.
Fiscal 2008 Compared to Fiscal 2007
Net sales for Fiscal 2008 were $5,142.3 million, an increase of $297.9 million, or 6.1%, over net sales for Fiscal 2007. The net sales increase was due to contributions from the 107 net new AAP and AI stores opened within Fiscal 2008, $88.8 million in sales from the 53rd week and an increase in comparable store sales of 1.5%.
AAP produced sales of $4,976.6 million, an increase of $267.2 million, or 5.7%, over Fiscal 2007. AAP’s sales increase was primarily driven by a 1.3% comparable store sales increase, $86.5 million in sales from the 53rd week and sales from the 90 net new stores opened within Fiscal 2008. The AAP comparable store sales increase was driven by (i) an increase in average ticket sales and customer traffic in our Commercial business and (ii) an increase in average ticket sales by our DIY customers offset by a decrease in DIY customer count. AI produced sales of $165.7 million, an increase of $30.6 million, or 22.7%, over Fiscal 2007. AI’s sales increase was primarily driven by a 9.2% comparable store sales increase, $2.3 million in sales from the 53rd week and sales from 17 net new stores opened within Fiscal 2008.
Gross profit for Fiscal 2008 was $2,399.1 million, or 46.7% of net sales, as compared to $2,258.7 million, or 46.6% of net sales, in Fiscal 2007, increasing slightly from an implemented change in accounting principle for costs included in inventory beginning in the first quarter of Fiscal 2009 and retrospectively applied to all prior periods presented herein related to gross profit. Gross profit for Fiscal 2008 reflects a reduction of $37.5 million, or 73 basis points resulting from a non-cash inventory adjustment. Offsetting this reduction in gross profit as a percentage of net sales were improvements in gross profit from more effective pricing, decreased inventory shrink, and higher sales from AI, which generated a higher gross profit rate. The impact on gross profit from the 53rd week was approximately $44.0 million and did not materially affect our gross profit rate.
SG&A expenses for Fiscal 2008 were $1,984.2 million, or 38.6% of net sales, as compared to $1,842.3 million, or 38.0% of net sales, for Fiscal 2007, or an increase of 56 basis points. The increase in SG&A expenses as a percentage of net sales was driven primarily by investments in strategic initiatives, increased incentive compensation and legal settlement costs partially offset by favorable medical costs. Our SG&A rate for Fiscal 2008 was favorably impacted by approximately 14 basis points from the 53rd week as a result of not including an additional week of fixed expenses that are typically expensed in a 52-week year.
Operating income for Fiscal 2008 was $414.9 million, or 8.1% of net sales, as compared to $416.4 million, or 8.6% of net sales, in Fiscal 2007, or a decrease of 53 basis points. AAP produced operating income of $410.7 million, or 8.3% of net sales, for Fiscal 2008 as compared to $417.2 million, or 8.9% of net sales, in Fiscal 2007. AI generated operating income for Fiscal 2008 of $4.2 million as compared to an operating loss of $0.8 million in Fiscal 2007. Operating income for AI increased primarily due to its positive sales results for the year and a decrease in payroll expense as a percentage of sales. Our overall operating income was reduced by a non-cash inventory adjustment of $37.5 million while results from the 53rd week contributed approximately $15.8 million to our operating income.