Advanced Photonix 10-Q 2011
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549>
For the quarterly period ended July 1, 2011
Commission File Number 1-11056
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
2925 Boardwalk, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days:
YES þ NO o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
YES þ NO o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
YES o NO þ
As of August 10, 2011, there were 30,748,524 shares of Class A Common Stock, $.001 par value, outstanding.
Advanced Photonix, Inc.
For the Quarter Ended July 1, 2011
Table of Contents
PART I -- FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
July 1, 2011
Note 1. Basis of Presentation
General> – Advanced Photonix, Inc. ® (the Company, we or API), was incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware in June 1988. The Company is engaged in the development and manufacture of optoelectronic devices and value-added sub-systems and systems. The Company serves a variety of global Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), in a variety of industries. The Company supports the customers from the initial concept and design phase of the product, through testing to full-scale production. The Company has two manufacturing facilities located in Camarillo, California and Ann Arbor, Michigan.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and the Company’s wholly owned subsidiaries, Silicon Sensors Inc. (“SSI”) and Picometrix, LLC (“Picometrix”). The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. All material inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal and recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and the results of operations for the periods presented have been included. Operating results for the three-month period ended July 1, 2011 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the balance of the fiscal year ending March 31, 2012.
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis and the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2011, filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on June 29, 2011.
Note 2. Recent Pronouncements and Accounting Changes
There were no new Accounting Pronouncements that impacted the Company during Q1 2012.
Note 3. Share-Based Compensation
The Company has three stock equity plans: The 1997 Employee Stock Option Plan, the 2000 Stock Option Plan and the 2007 Equity Incentive Plan. As of July 1, 2011, under these plans, there were 7,200,000 shares authorized for issuance, with 931,051 shares remaining available for future grant.
Non-director options typically vest at the rate of 25% per year over four years and are exercisable up to ten years from the date of issuance. Under these plans, the option exercise price equals the stock’s market price on the date of grant. Options and restricted stock awards may be granted to employees, officers, directors and consultants. Under the 2007 Equity Incentive Plan, restricted stock awards typically vest within one year.
Restricted shares are granted with a per share or unit purchase price at 100% of fair market value on the date of grant. The shares of restricted stock vest after either three, six or twelve months, and are not transferable for one year after the grant date. Stock-based compensation expense will be recognized over the expected vesting period of the stock options and restricted stock.
The following table summarizes information regarding options outstanding and options exercisable at July 2, 2010 and July 1, 2011 and the changes during the periods then ended:
Information regarding stock options outstanding as of July 1, 2011 is as follows:
The intrinsic value of options exercised during the three months ended July 1, 2011 was $15,718 and approximately zero during the three months ended July 2, 2010, since no options were exercised.
During fiscal 2011 and fiscal 2012, restricted shares were issued to certain individuals. The restricted share transactions are summarized below:
The Company estimates the fair value of stock-based awards utilizing the Black-Scholes pricing model for stock options and using the intrinsic value for restricted stock. The fair value of the awards is amortized as compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award, which is generally the vesting period. The Black-Scholes fair value calculations involve significant judgments, assumptions, estimates and complexities that impact the amount of compensation expense to be recorded in current and future periods. The factors include:
The Company’s stock-based compensation expense is classified in the table below:
At July 1, 2011, the total stock-based compensation expense related to unvested stock options and restricted shares granted to employees under the Company’s stock option plans but not yet recognized was approximately $390,000. This expense will be amortized on a straight-line basis over a weighted-average period of approximately 0.6 years and will be adjusted for subsequent changes in estimated forfeitures.
Note 4. Credit Risk
Pervasiveness of Estimates and Risk -> The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Financial instruments, which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk, consist principally of cash equivalents and trade accounts receivable.
Cash and cash equivalents are maintained at financial institutions and, at times, balances may exceed federally insured limits. We have never experienced any losses related to these balances. All of the Company’s non-interest bearing cash balances were fully insured at July 1, 2011 due to a temporary federal program in effect from December 31, 2010 through December 31, 2012. Under the program, there is no limit to the amount of insurance for eligible accounts. Beginning 2013, insurance coverage will revert to $250,000 per depositor at each financial institution, and our non-interest bearing cash balances may again exceed federally insured limits.
Accounts receivable are unsecured and the Company is at risk to the extent such amounts become uncollectible. The Company performs periodic credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and generally does not require collateral. Any unanticipated change in the customers’ credit worthiness or other matters affecting the collectability of amounts due from such customers could have a material effect on the results of operations in the period in which such changes or events occur. As of July 1, 2011, one customer individually comprised 10% or more of accounts receivable (32.8% of total accounts receivable). As of March 31, 2011, two customers individually comprised 10% or more of accounts receivable (combining for 42.1% of total accounts receivable). The allowance for doubtful account balance was $47,000 on July 1, 2011 and on March 31, 2011.
Note 5. Detail of Certain Asset Accounts
Cash and Cash Equivalents - The Company considers all highly liquid investments, with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased, to be cash equivalents.
Compensating Cash Balance> - The Company’s credit facility with The PrivateBank and Trust Company has a minimum compensating balance requirement of $500,000. This amount has been separately disclosed on the accompanying balance sheets as restricted cash, and has been classified as a current asset to match the classification of the related credit facility.
Inventories - Inventories, which include material, labor and manufacturing overhead, are stated at the lower of cost (on a first in, first out method) or market. Inventories consist of the following at July 1, 2011 and March 31, 2011:
Slow moving and obsolete inventories are reviewed throughout the year to assess whether a cost adjustment is required. Our review of slow moving and obsolete inventory begins with a listing of all inventory items which have not moved regularly within the past 12 months. In addition, any residual inventory, which is customer specific and remaining on hand at the time of contract completion, is included in the list. The complete list of slow moving and obsolete inventory is then reviewed by the production, engineering and/or purchasing departments to identify items that can be utilized in the near future. These items are then excluded from the analysis and the remaining amount of slow-moving and obsolete inventory is then further assessed and a write down is recorded when warranted. Additionally, non-cancelable open purchase orders for parts we are obligated to purchase where demand has been reduced may also be written down. Impairments for open purchase orders where the market price is lower than the purchase order price are also recorded. The impairments established for excess, slow moving, and obsolete inventory create a new cost basis for those items. The cost basis of these parts is not subsequently increased if the circumstances which led to the impairment change in the future. If a product that had previously been impaired is subsequently sold, the amount of reduced cost basis is reflected as cost of goods sold.
Intangible Assets - >Intangible assets that have definite lives consist of the following (in thousands):
Amortization expense for the three-month periods ended July 1, 2011 and July 2, 2010 was approximately $342,000 and $406,000, respectively. The current patents held by the Company have remaining useful lives ranging from 1 year to 17 years.
The cash flow method of amortization is based upon management’s estimate of how the intangible asset contributes to our cash flows and best represents the pattern of how the economic benefits of the intangible asset will be consumed or used up. Such amortization is initially derived from the estimated undiscounted cash flows that were used in determining the original fair value of the intangible asset at the acquisition date and is monitored for significant changes in subsequent periods.
Assuming no impairment to the intangible value, future amortization expense for intangible assets and patents are as follows (in thousands):
Note 6. Debt
Total outstanding debt of the Company as of July 1, 2011 and March 31, 2011consisted of the following (in thousands):
Bank Debt> –On September 25, 2008, the Company executed a loan agreement (the Loan Agreement) with The PrivateBank and Trust Company (the Lender). As part of this Loan Agreement, the Company has a term loan and a $3.0 million line of credit. The term loan is to be repaid in monthly principal payments of $36,167, plus interest at prime plus 2%, until maturity on September 25, 2012, provided that if the existing loans to the Company by the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC) or Michigan Strategic Fund (MSF) have not converted to equity on or before August 31, 2011, the outstanding principal shall be due on August 31, 2011. As there are no assurances that these loans will be converted to equity by August 31, 2011, the entire outstanding balance of the bank term note is reflected as a current obligation as of July 1, 2011. The interest rate on the term loan on July 1, 2011 was 5.25%. The line of credit bears interest at prime plus 2% and any outstanding borrowings are due on September 25, 2011, provided that if the existing loans to the Company by the MEDC or MSF have not been converted to equity on or before August 31, 2011, the outstanding principal will be due on August 31, 2011. The availability under the line of credit is determined by a calculation of a borrowing base that includes a percentage of accounts receivable and inventory.
The line of credit is guaranteed by each of API’s wholly-owned subsidiaries and the term loan is secured by a Security Agreement among API, its subsidiaries and The PrivateBank, pursuant to which API and its subsidiaries granted to The PrivateBank a first-priority security interest in certain described assets.
The Loan Agreement contains financial covenants (the Financial Covenants) including minimum Debt Service Coverage ratio, Adjusted EBITDA level, and Net Worth requirements (each as defined in the Loan Agreement). On May 29, 2009, the Company amended the Loan Agreement effective March 31, 2009 (the First Amendment). Pursuant to the First Amendment, (1) the Adjusted EBITDA level was measured on a year to date basis for the June 26, 2009, September 25, 2009, December 25, 2009 and March 31, 2010 test dates and thereafter was to be measured on a trailing four quarter basis, (2) the minimum Debt Service Coverage ratio was set at 1.0 to 1.0 for the first quarter of fiscal year 2010, 1.25 to 1.0 for the second quarter of fiscal year 2010 and 1.5 to 1.0 thereafter, and (3) the minimum Net Worth covenant was initially set at $15.5 million and would automatically increase by 10% of Net Income (as defined in the Loan Agreement) for each fiscal year that the Company reported net income.
At December 25, 2009 and March 31, 2010, the Company was not in compliance with the Financial Covenants. This constituted an event of default under the terms of the Loan Agreement which gave the Lender the ability to provide us with notice that they are exercising their rights under the Loan Agreement by demanding payment in full of the outstanding indebtedness under the Loan Agreement.
On June 25, 2010, the Company and the Lender entered into a second amendment to the Loan Agreement (the Second Amendment). The Second Amendment increased the interest rate from prime plus 1% to prime plus 2% and amended the Financial Covenants. Pursuant to the Second Amendment, (1) the minimum Debt Service Coverage ratio was set at 1.0 to 1.0 for the first three quarters of fiscal year 2011 and 1.2 to 1.0 thereafter, (2) the minimum Adjusted EBITDA level is measured on a trailing three month basis and was $190,000 for the July 2, 2010 test date, $190,000 for the October 1, 2010 test date, $260,000 for the December 31, 2010 test date, and $400,000 for the March 31, 2011 test date and thereafter on a trailing twelve month basis will be $1,160,000 and (3) the minimum Net Worth requirement was set at $13.0 million for the first quarter of fiscal year 2011, $12.5 million for the second quarter of fiscal year 2011, $12.1 million for the third quarter of fiscal year 2011 and $11.8 million for the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2011. The Company was in compliance with its financial covenants as of July 1, 2011.
In addition to amending the Financial Covenants and as described in the Debt to Related Parties section of this footnote, the Second Amendment required the Company to amend the four-year promissory notes issued to Robin Risser, the Company’s COO and CFO, and Steve Williamson, the Company’s CTO (collectively, the Note Holders) in connection with the 2005 acquisition of Picometrix, LLC (f/k/a Picometrix, Inc.) (the Picometrix Notes) by August 25, 2010 to defer the December 1, 2010 and March 1, 2011 installment payments owed under the Picometrix Notes (the Amendment Undertaking). Failure to amend the Picometrix Notes by August 25, 2010 would constitute an event of default under the Loan Agreement.
On August 27, 2010, the Company executed a third amendment to the Loan Agreement with the Lender (the Third Amendment). The Third Amendment (1) increased the amount of proceeds from equity issuances that the Company may use to make payments in respect of the Company’s existing indebtedness under the Picometrix Notes and (2) extended the deadline set forth in the Second Amendment for satisfying the Amendment Undertaking.
On November 30, 2010, the Company executed a Fourth Amendment to the Loan Agreement with the Lender, effective as of November 30, 2010 (the Fourth Amendment). Among other things, the Fourth Amendment (1) deleted the Amendment Undertaking, (2) approved the amendments to the Picometrix Notes described in the Related Parties Debt section of this footnote and the payment of a restructuring fee in connection therewith, (3) amended the definition of “Adjusted EBITDA” to add back a portion of the restructuring fee to the calculation of the “Adjusted EBITDA” and (4) amended the definition of “Debt Service Coverage Ratio” to exclude the proceeds raised pursuant to a securities purchase agreement by and among the Company and the Note Holders (the SPA) from the calculation of the “Debt Service Coverage Ratio”.
Interest payments made to the Lender during the three-month periods ended July 1, 2011 and July 2, 2010 were approximately $20,000 and $39,000, respectively.
MEDC/MSF Loans> - The Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC) entered into two loan agreements with Picometrix, one in fiscal 2005 (MEDC-loan 1) and one in fiscal 2006 (MEDC-loan 2). Both loans are unsecured.
The MEDC-loan 1 was issued in the original principal amount of $1,025,000. Under the original terms of the MEDC–loan 1, the interest rate was 7% and interest accrued but unpaid through October 2008 would be added to then outstanding principal balance of the promissory note issued pursuant to the MEDC- loan 1 and the restated principal would be amortized over the remaining four years (September 15, 2012). Effective September 23, 2008, the MEDC-loan 1 was amended and restated to change the start date of repayment of principal and interest from October 2008 to October 2009.
During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010, the Company began negotiations with the MEDC to further amend the MEDC-loan 1 promissory note. The Company and the MEDC agreed that the payment of restated principal and accrued interest was to be suspended until the negotiations were completed. In May 2010, the Company entered into a debt conversion agreement with the MEDC whereby the MEDC would convert the accrued and unpaid interest as of November 30, 2009 totaling $324,669 into 601,239 unregistered shares of the Class A Common Stock of the Company at a price per share of $0.54 (market value of the stock on the day of conversion). In addition, the Company granted the MEDC a put option to sell back to the Company the shares received pursuant to the debt conversion agreement in the event of a trigger event as defined in the debt conversion agreement. In conjunction with the debt conversion agreement, the Company amended the MEDC-loan 1 promissory note to retroactively change the interest rate from 7% to 4% beginning in December 2009, and to change the repayment terms of the outstanding principal and interest such that beginning in October 2010, the Company is to repay the remaining principal and accrued interest on a monthly basis through maturity in November 2014.
MEDC-loan 2, which was assigned to the Michigan Strategic Fund (MSF) in June 2010, was issued in the original principal amount of $1.2 million. Under the original terms of the MEDC – loan 2, the interest rate was 7% and interest accrued, but unpaid in the first two years of this agreement was added to the then outstanding principal of the promissory note issued pursuant to the MEDC-loan 2. During the third year of this agreement, the Company was to pay interest on the restated principal of the promissory note until October 2008, at which time the Company was to repay the restated principal over the remaining three years (September 15, 2011). Effective January 26, 2009, the MEDC-loan 2 was amended and restated to change the start date of repayment of principal and interest from October 2008 to November 2009 and to extend the repayment period to October 2012.
During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010, the Company began negotiations with the MEDC to further amend the MEDC-loan 2 promissory note. The Company and the MEDC agreed that the payment of restated principal and accrued interest was to be suspended until the negotiations were completed. In May 2010, the Company entered into a debt conversion agreement with the MEDC whereby the MEDC would transfer the MEDC-loan 2 promissory note to the MSF which would convert the accrued and unpaid interest as of October 31, 2009 totaling $237,667 into 440,124 unregistered shares of the Class A Common Stock of the Company at a price per share of $0.54 (market value of the stock on the day of conversion). In addition, the Company granted the MSF a put option to sell back to the Company the shares received pursuant to the debt conversion agreement in the event of a trigger event as defined in the debt conversion agreement. In conjunction with the debt conversion agreement, the Company amended the MEDC-loan 2 promissory note to retroactively change the interest rate from 7% to 4% beginning in November 2009, and to change the repayment terms of the outstanding principal and interest such that beginning in July 2010, the Company is to repay the remaining principal and accrued interest on a monthly basis through maturity in September 2014.
The Company performed an assessment of the amendments made to the MEDC and MSF loans during the second quarter of fiscal 2011 to determine whether or not the amendments constituted a “troubled debt restructuring” or a “substantial modification” in accordance with FASB guidance and concluded that the amendments did not constitute either a troubled debt restructuring or a substantial modification. Furthermore, the Company performed an assessment of the balance sheet classification of the common shares issued as part of the debt conversion agreements in light of the put options granted and determined that equity classification of the shares is appropriate since the trigger event related to the put option is considered to be in the control of the Company.
Interest payments made to the MEDC/MSF were approximately $26,000 during each of the three-month periods ended July 1, 2011 and July 2, 2010.
Debt to Related Parties> - As a result of the 2005 acquisition of Picotronix LLC, the Company issued the Picometrix Notes to the Note Holders. API has the option of prepaying the Picometrix Notes without penalty. On November 30, 2009, the Company and the Note Holders entered into the fourth amendments to the Notes to the Picometrix Notes to extend the due date for the remaining principal balance of the Picometrix Notes (in the aggregate amount of $1,400,500) to March 1, 2011 payable in two installments as follows:
As described above in the Bank Debt section of this footnote, the Loan Agreement with the Lender required that the Company amend the Picometrix Notes to defer the December 1, 2010 and March 1, 2011 installment payments (the Amendment Undertaking). In compliance with the Amendment Undertaking, on November 29, 2010, the Company and the Note Holders entered into the fifth amendments to the Picometrix Notes (the Fifth Amendment). The Fifth Amendment required the Company to pay the related parties a restructuring fee of $156,312 (11%) and extended the due dates for the remaining principal balance payments on the Picometrix Notes (in the aggregate amount of $1,400,500) to September 1, 2012 per the payment schedule below:
The interest rate on the Picometrix Notes was increased from prime plus 1% to prime plus 2% (5.25% at July 1, 2011), and interest is to be paid quarterly through the maturity date. The balance outstanding under the Picometrix Notes was $1,100,500 at July 1, 2011. The Picometrix Notes are secured by all of the intellectual property of Picometrix.
Interest payments made to Related Parties during the three-month periods ended July 1, 2011 and July 2, 2010 were approximately $16,000 and $15,000, respectively.
In conjunction with the Fifth Amendment to the Picometrix Notes, on November 15, 2010, the Company and the Note Holders entered into a security purchase agreement (the SPA), which was subsequently amended and restated on November 29, 2010, in its entirely to reflect certain structural changes in the transaction as originally agreed upon by the parties to the SPA. As amended and restated, the SPA provided for the Company to issue and sell to the Note Holders in exchange for an aggregate payment of $78,156 (the Purchase Price) the number of units of the Company’s securities (Units) determined by dividing the Purchase Price by the per share closing price of the Company’s Class A Common Stock on NYSE Amex on the day preceding the closing (the Formula Price). Each Unit was to consist of one share of Common Stock and a five-year warrant to purchase four shares of Class A Common Stock at an exercise price equal to 120% of the Formula Price (the 2010 Warrants). The closing of the purchase and sale transactions contemplated by the SPA was subject to the receipt of NYSE Amex approval of an additional listing application covering the Units (the Note Holder Additional Listing Application) and other closing conditions customary for transactions of this nature. On November 30, 2010, NYSE Amex approved the Note Holder Additional Listing Application and the parties to the SPA satisfied the other closing conditions. The Formula Price was determined to be $1.17 and accordingly, the Company issued the Note Holders 66,799 Units comprised of (i) 66,799 shares of Class A Common Stock and (ii) 2010 Warrants to purchase an aggregate of 267,196 shares of Class A Common Stock at an exercise price of $1.404 per share pursuant to separately executed warrant agreement (collectively, the Warrant Agreements) upon the closing of the SPA on November 30, 2010. While the exercise price of the 2010 Warrants is subject to adjustment as defined in the Warrant Agreement, such adjustment cannot reduce the exercise price below $1.17 per share.
The Company performed an assessment of the Fifth Amendment made to the Picometrix Notes and determined that the Fifth amendment constituted a “substantial modification” in accordance with FASB guidance as the present value of future cash flows under the terms of the Fifth Amendment, combined with the fair value of the consideration given as part of the SPA, was more than 10% different than the present value of cash flows under the prior amendment to the Picometrix Notes. As a result, the Company recorded a loss on debt extinguishment of $317,725 during the third quarter 2011, which is equal to the $156,312 restructuring fee and the fair value of the warrants issued in conjunction with the SPA which was $161,413 at November 30, 2010. See Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on the Warrants.
Note 7. Stockholders’ Equity
At March 31, 2011, the Company had the following warrants outstanding and exercisable:
At July 1, 2011, the Company had the following warrants outstanding and exercisable:
In fiscal years 2005 and 2006, warrants (the Convertible Note Warrants) were issued in connection the issuance of convertible debt. The convertible debt has all been subsequently converted into Class A Common Stock. The Convertible Note Warrants were issued in two tranches with 712,682 shares still outstanding at July 1, 2011 and March 31, 2011. The exercise price for the Convertible Note Warrants was originally $1.744, subject to adjustment based on a formula contained in the convertible note agreement if Class A Common Stock was issued below the $1.744 exercise price. Such adjustments cannot reduce the exercise price below $1.70 without obtaining shareholder approval. The price was reduced to $1.70 and the number of warrants was correspondingly increased to 712,682 shares in June 2010 as a result of the issuance of Class A Common Stock to the MEDC and MSF at a price of $0.54 per share.
On September 14, 2007, the Company completed a private placement (the 2007 Offering). Each unit sold by the Company in the 2007 Offering consisted of four (4) shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share (the 2007 Offering Shares) and one (1) five year warrant exercisable for one share of Class A Common Stock at an exercise price of $1.85 (each a 2007 Warrant). The Company sold a total of 741,332 units consisting of 2,965,332 (2007) Offering Shares and 741,332 (2007) Warrants, of which 33,000 units consisting of 132,000 (2007) Offering Shares and 33,000 (2007) Warrants were to related parties at the prevailing closing stock price of $1.83 per share, for an aggregate purchase price of $4.5 million. The offer and sale of the 2007 Offering Shares and 2007 Warrants were made pursuant to Rule 506 promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act and each of the investors was an accredited investor as defined by Rule 501 promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act. The exercise price for the 2007 Warrants is subject to adjustment based on a formula contained in the Private Placement agreement, if Class A Common Stock is issued in the future below the $1.85 exercise price. The exercise price was reduced to $1.79 in June 2010 as a result of the issuance of Class A Common Stock to the MEDC and MSF at a price of $0.54 per share. In addition, the number of warrants increased by 24,095 as a result of the change in exercise price. Future adjustments cannot reduce the exercise price below $1.79.
As described in Note 6, on November 29, 2010, the Company issued 267,196 warrants to Robin Risser and Steve Williamson (the 2010 Warrants). Each warrant is exercisable over a five year period for one share of the Company’s Class A Common Stock at an exercise price of $1.404 subject to adjustment, based on a formula in the Warrant Agreements, if Class A Common Stock is issued in the future below the $1.404 exercise price. Future adjustments cannot reduce the exercise price below $1.17. As a result of the exercise price reset feature, the fair value of the warrants is recorded as a liability.
As a result of adopting the FASB’s guidance, effective April 1, 2009, on how an entity should evaluate whether an instrument is indexed to its own stock, the Company’s outstanding warrants, which previously were treated as equity, were no longer afforded equity treatment because of their exercise price reset features. At the effective date the Company was required to adjust its balance sheet to reflect the incremental impact of treating the Convertible Note and 2007 Warrants as liabilities since their original issuance date. On April 1, 2009, the Company reclassified $2,619,000 of previously recorded debt discount from additional paid-in-capital, as a cumulative effect adjustment, and recorded the initial recognition of a $294,000 warrant liability, to reflect the fair value of the warrants on that date. These adjustments resulted in a $2,325,000 decrease to the accumulated deficit. The fair value liability of the Convertible Note and 2007 Warrants decreased to approximately $112,000 as of March 31, 2010.
As discussed above, the exercise price of the 2007 Warrants is no longer variable since the exercise price floor of $1.79 was reached. Consequently, the fair value of the 2007 Warrants as of May 2010 (approximately $32,000) was reclassified to equity and recorded as Additional Paid in Capital. The fair value of the Convertible Note and 2010 Warrants was approximately $58,000 at July 2, 2010. During the three months ended July 2, 2010, the Company recorded other income of $54,000 for the change in fair value of the warrant liability.
The fair value of the Convertible Note and 2010 Warrants was approximately $240,000 at July 1, 2011 and $732,000 at March 31, 2011. During the three months ended July 1, 2011, the Company recorded other income of $492,000 for the change in fair value of the warrant liability
The fair value of the warrants was estimated using the Monte Carlo option pricing model using the following assumptions:
Expected volatility is based primarily on historical volatility using the weekly stock price for the most recent period equivalent to the term of the warrants. A dividend yield of zero has been assumed based on the Company’s actual past experience and the fact that the Company does not anticipate paying a dividend on its shares in the future. The Company has based its risk-free interest on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury issues with equivalent expected term.
During Q1 2012, the Company compared the fair values determined using the Monte Carlo simulation model with that using a lattice model, which is generally a preferred model when instruments contain non-standard features such as the reset features contained in our warrants, noting no significant differences in warrant values.
The inputs used to determine the fair value of the warrants are classified as Level 3 inputs in the FASB’s fair value hierarchy, primarily regarding the computation of historical volatility. Management classified these as Level 3 measurements as they are based on unobservable inputs and involve management judgment.
The following chart represents the activity in the Company’s Level 3 warrants during the periods ended July 1, 2011 and March 31, 2011.
In prior 10K’s and 10Q’s, the Company showed 40,000 shares of Class A convertible preferred stock outstanding on the Balance Sheet at zero value. After a review of historical conversion detail, it was determined that these 40,000 shares were in fact converted to Class A Common Stock and should not be shown as a separate line item in Shareholders’ Equity. In the Company’s 10Q for Q1 2012 this line was removed.
Note 8. Earnings Per Share
The Company’s net earnings per share calculations are in accordance with FASB ASC 260-10. Accordingly, basic earnings (loss) per share are computed by dividing net earnings (loss) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding for each year. The calculation of earnings (loss) per share is as follows:
The dilutive effect of stock options for the three month period ended July 2, 2010 was not included in the calculation of diluted loss per share because to do so would have had an anti-dilutive effect as the Company had a net loss for the period. As of July 1, 2011, the number of anti-dilutive shares excluded from diluted earnings per share totaled approximately 4.6 million shares, which includes 1.1 million anti-dilutive warrants.
On April 1, 2009, the Company adopted the FASB’s guidance on determining whether instruments granted in share-based payment transactions are participating securities which requires that unvested restricted stock with a non-forfeitable right to receive dividends be included in the two-class method of computing earnings per share. This guidance did not have a material impact on our reported earnings per share amounts.
Note 9. Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The carrying value of all financial instruments potentially subject to valuation risk (principally consisting of cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and debt) approximates the fair value based upon the short-term nature of these instruments, and in the case of debt, the prevailing interest rates available to the Company.
Certain statements contained in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis (MD&A), including, without limitation, statements containing the words “may,” “will,” “can,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “plan,” “estimate,” “continue,” and similar expressions constitute “forward-looking statements.” These forward-looking statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are based on assumptions and subject to risks and uncertainties. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements for many reasons, including risks described in the Risk Factors sections and elsewhere in this filing. Except for our ongoing obligation to disclose material information as required by federal securities laws, we do not intend to update you concerning any future revisions to any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this report. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Risk Factors as well as our financial statements and the related notes.
The credit markets and the financial services industry continue to experience a period of significant disruption characterized by the bankruptcy, failure, collapse or sale of various financial institutions, increased volatility in securities prices, severely diminished liquidity and credit availability and a significant level of intervention from the United States and other governments. Continued concerns about the systemic impact of potential long-term or widespread recession, energy costs, geopolitical issues, the availability and cost of credit, the global commercial and residential real estate markets and related mortgage markets and reduced consumer confidence have contributed to increased market volatility and diminished expectations for most developed and emerging economies. As a result of these market conditions, the cost and availability of capital and credit has been and may continue to be adversely affected by illiquid credit markets and wider credit spreads. Continued turbulence in the United States and international markets and economies could restrict our ability to refinance our existing indebtedness, increase our costs of borrowing, limit our access to capital necessary to meet our liquidity needs and materially harm our operations or our ability to implement our business strategy.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The discussion and analysis of Company’s financial condition and results of operations is based on its condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements requires us to make judgments and estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statement and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that it believes are reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from such estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
Certain prior year balances have been reclassified in the consolidated financial statements to conform to the current year presentation.
Application of Critical Accounting Policies
Application of the Company’s accounting policies requires management to make certain judgments and estimates about the amounts reflected in the financial statements. Management uses historical experience and all available information to make these estimates and judgments, although differing amounts could be reported if there are changes in the assumptions and estimates. Estimates are used for, but not limited to, the accounting for the allowance for doubtful accounts, inventory allowances, valuation of intangible assets and goodwill, depreciation and amortization, warranty costs, taxes and contingencies. Management has identified the following accounting policies as critical to an understanding of its financial statements and/or as areas most dependent on management’s judgment and estimates.
Revenue is derived principally from the sales of the Company’s products. The Company recognizes revenue when the basic criteria of SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104 are met. Specifically, the Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, usually in the form of a purchase order, when shipment has occurred since its terms are FOB source, or when services have been rendered, title and risk of loss have passed to the customer, the price is fixed or determinable and collection is reasonably assured in terms of both credit worthiness of the customer and there are no post shipment obligations or uncertainties with respect to customer acceptance.
The Company sells certain of its products to customers with a product warranty that provides warranty repairs at no cost. The length of the warranty term is one year from date of shipment. The Company accrues the estimated exposure to warranty claims based upon historical claim costs. The Company’s management reviews these estimates on a regular basis and adjusts the warranty provisions as actual experience differs from historical estimates or as other information becomes available.
The Company does not provide price protection or general right of return. The Company’s return policy only permits product returns for warranty and non-warranty repair or replacement and requires pre-authorization by the Company prior to the return. Credit or discounts, which have been historically insignificant, may be given at the discretion of the Company and are recorded when and if determined.
The Company predominantly sells directly to original equipment manufacturers with a direct sales force. The Company sells in limited circumstances through distributors. Sales through distributors represent approximately 9% of total revenue. Significant terms and conditions of distributor agreements include FOB source, net 30 days payment terms, with no return or exchange rights, and no price protection. Since the product transfers title to the distributor at the time of shipment by the Company, the products are not considered inventory on consignment.
Revenue is also derived from technology research and development contracts. We recognize revenue from these contracts as services and/or materials are provided.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
As of July 1, 2011 and March 31, 2011, our consolidated balance sheet included $4.6 million in goodwill. Goodwill represents the excess purchase price over amounts assigned to tangible or identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed from our business acquisitions.
Goodwill and intangible assets that are not subject to amortization shall be tested for impairment annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. The impairment test shall consist of a comparison of the fair value of the asset with its carrying amount, as defined. This guidance requires a two-step method for determining goodwill impairment. Step one is to compare the fair value of the reporting unit with the unit’s carrying amount, including goodwill. If this test indicates that the fair value is less than the carrying value, then step two is required to compare the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of the reporting unit’s goodwill. If the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss shall be recognized in an amount equal to that excess. The Company has selected March 31 as the date for its annual impairment test.
We determine the fair value of our single reporting unit to be equal to our market capitalization plus a control premium. Market capitalization is determined by multiplying the shares outstanding on the assessment date by the average market price of our Class A Common Stock over a 10-day period before and a 10-day period after each assessment date. We use this 20-day duration to consider inherent market fluctuations that may affect any individual closing price. We believe that our market capitalization alone does not fully capture the fair value of our business as a whole, or the substantial value that an acquirer would obtain from its ability to obtain control of our business. As such, in determining fair value, we add a control premium — which seeks to give effect to the increased consideration a potential acquirer would be required to pay in order to gain sufficient ownership to set policies, direct operations and make decisions related to our Company— to our market capitalization.
The Company’s evaluation as of March 31, 2011, indicated there were no impairments. As of March 31, 2011, our market capitalization calculated as described as above, was $53.4 million and our carrying value, including goodwill, was $20.2 million.
As evidenced above, our stock price and control premium are significant factors in assessing our fair value for purposes of the goodwill impairment assessment. Our stock price can be affected by, among other things, changes in industry or market conditions, changes in our results of operations, and changes in our forecasts or market expectations relating to future results. Our stock price has fluctuated from a high of $1.96 to a low of $1.38 during the first quarter of fiscal 2012. On all trading days during the first quarter of fiscal 2012, our stock price was high enough that our market capitalization exceeded our carrying value without giving effect to a control premium. The current macroeconomic environment, however, continues to be challenging and we cannot be certain of the duration of these conditions and their potential impact on our stock price performance. If our market capitalization falls below our carrying value for a sustained period, it is reasonably likely that a goodwill impairment assessment prior to the next annual review in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012 would be necessary and an impairment of goodwill may be recorded. A non-cash goodwill impairment charge would have the affect of decreasing our earnings or increasing our losses in such period. If we are required to take a substantial impairment charge, our operating results would be materially adversely affected in such period.
The carrying value of long-lived assets, including amortizable intangibles and property and equipment, are evaluated whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that a potential impairment has occurred relative to a given asset or assets. Impairment is deemed to have occurred if projected undiscounted cash flows associated with an asset are less than the carrying value of the asset. The estimated cash flows include management’s assumptions of cash inflows and outflows directly resulting from the use of that asset in operations. The amount of the impairment loss recognized is equal to the excess of the carrying value of the asset over its then estimated fair value. As a result of the current year operating loss, the Company performed an impairment evaluation. The Company’s evaluation for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2011 indicated there were no impairments. There were no events or changes in circumstances that indicated a potential impairment has occurred during the three-months ended July 1, 2011.
Deferred Tax Asset Valuation Allowance
The Company records deferred income taxes for the future tax consequences of events that were recognized in the Company’s financial statements or tax returns. The Company records a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets when, in management’s judgment, it is more likely than not that the deferred income tax assets will not be realized in the foreseeable future. Consistent with the March 31, 2011 10-K, the Company has a full valuation allowance on its net Deferred Tax Assets as of July 1, 2011.
Inventories, which include material, labor and manufacturing overhead, are stated at the lower of cost (on a first in–first out basis) or market. Slow moving and obsolete inventories are reviewed throughout the year to assess whether a cost adjustment is required. Our review of slow moving and obsolete inventory begins with a listing of all inventory items which have not moved regularly within the past 12 months. In addition, any residual inventory, which is customer specific and remaining on hand at the time of contract completion, is included in the list. The complete list of slow moving and obsolete inventory is then reviewed by the production, engineering and/or purchasing departments to identify items that can be utilized in the near future. These items are then excluded from the analysis and the remaining amount of slow-moving and obsolete inventory is then further assessed and a write down is recorded when warranted. Additionally, non-cancelable open purchase orders for parts we are obligated to purchase where demand has been reduced may also be written down. Impairments for open purchase orders where the market price is lower than the purchase order price are also recorded. The impairments established for excess, slow moving, and obsolete inventory create a new cost basis for those items. The cost basis of these parts is not subsequently increased if the circumstances which led to the impairment change in the future. If a product that had previously been impaired is subsequently sold, the amount of reduced cost basis is reflected as cost of goods sold.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The Company predominantly operates in one industry segment, consisting of light and radiation detection devices, that it sells to multiple markets including telecommunications, industrial sensing/non destructive testing (NDT), military-aerospace, medical, and homeland security. Revenues by market consisted of the following (in thousands):
The Company's revenues for the quarter ended July 1, 2011 were approximately $8.1 million, an increase of 30% (or $1.8 million) from revenues of $6.3 million for the quarter ended July 2, 2010. Revenues increased 3% from the quarter ended March 31, 2011. The Company experienced volume increases in three of five markets for the quarter ending July 1, 2011 compared to the prior year period.
Telecommunications revenue in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 was $3.7 million, an increase of approximately 106% ($1.9 million) over the prior year first quarter. This increase in the Company’s telecommunications revenue is an indication of the rapid growth in the 40G and emerging 100G markets. Telecommunications revenue on a consecutive quarterly basis decreased slightly, approximately $104,000, from the prior fourth quarter of fiscal 2011, mainly attributable to supply shortages and not a slowdown in growth. The Company expects telecommunication revenue to grow substantially on a comparative basis for fiscal 2012.
Industrial Sensing/NDT market revenue was approximately $2.8 million in Q1 2012, a decrease of $627,000 (or 18%) from the prior year first quarter, primarily due to the slowdown of one customer. Revenue increased approximately 12%, or $298,000, from the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011, primarily due to the THz product platform. The Company expects the industrial/NDT market to increase on a comparative basis for fiscal 2012.
Military/Aerospace market revenue in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 was $819,000, a decrease of 13% (or $124,000) from the comparable prior year first quarter. This decrease was attributable primarily to the reduction in R&D contract revenue. Military/Aerospace market revenue in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 decreased $88,000 (or 10%) from the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011, a result of timing of orders and shipments. The Company’s expects military revenues to decrease on a comparative basis for fiscal 2012.
Medical market revenues in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 were $295,000, an increase of $240,000 (or 439%) from the prior year first quarter, and increased $143,000 from the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011, primarily due to increased volume from existing customers. The Company expects medical market revenue to grow on a comparative basis for fiscal 2012.
Homeland Security revenues were $468,000 for the three-month period ended July 1, 2011, compared to zero revenue in the first quarter of fiscal 2011 and $462,000 in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011. The increase was the result of the In-Q-Tel development contract revenues relating to the development of anomaly detector prototypes for personnel screening. The Company expects Homeland Security revenues to grow substantially on a comparative basis for fiscal 2012 as a result of this development contract.
Gross profit for Q1 2012 was $3.4 million compared to $2.9 million for Q1 2011, an increase of $460,000 (or 16%) on an increase in revenue volume of 30% (or $1.9 million). The higher gross profit for Q1 2012 was due primarily to increased volume, offset partially by higher staffing, scrap and rework expenses associated with the manufacturing ramp up and capacity expansion of the new 100G line side products. Gross profit was 41.6% of revenue compared to 46.7% in Q1 2011 and 43.9% in Q4 2011.
Operating ExpensesTotal operating expenses were $3.8 million during Q1 2012, compared to $3.2 million during Q1 2011. This increase was primarily due to increases in selling, general and administrative expenses (G&A) and research development and engineering expenses (RD&E), partially offset by lower amortization expense on intangible assets.
Research, development and engineering expenses (R&D) -- The Company’s R&D expenses of $1.7 million increased by $404,000 (or 31%) in Q1 2012 compared to Q1 2011. The Company increased investment in the next generation 40G/100G HSOR products in order to satisfy the rapidly evolving technology requirements necessary to support the growing bandwidth demands placed on the optical communication infrastructure and increased its investment in THz in order to develop an anomaly detector for homeland security applications.
Sales and Marketing expenses (S&M) – The Company’s S&M expenses increased $142,000 (or 30%) to $615,000 (8% of sales) in Q1 2012 compared to $473,000 (8% of sales) in the prior year first quarter. The increase was primarily attributable to higher sales volume and increased marketing activities to support the Company’s growth.
General and Administrative expenses (G&A) -- G&A expenses increased $147,000 to approximately $1.2 million (14% of sales) for Q1 2012, as compared to $1.0 million (16% of sales) for Q1 2011. This increase was primarily attributable to higher staffing related expenses, reinstatement of the Company’s 401K matching contributions and recruitment fees.
Amortization expense decreased $64,000 to $342,000 compared to Q1 2011 expense of approximately $406,000. The Company utilizes the cash flow amortization method on the majority of its intangible assets.
The non-cash expensing of stock option and restricted stock grants included in operating expenses was $36,000 for the three month period ended July 1, 2011 compared to $18,000 for the prior year first quarter.
Other Income (Expense), net
Interest income for Q1 2012 was $2,000, up $1,000 from Q1 2011, due to higher cash balances available for short-term investments.
Interest expense in Q1 2012 was $46,000 compared to $65,000 in Q1 2011, a decrease of $19,000 (or 29%). The Company incurred lower interest expense to banks and related parties, primarily due to lower debt obligations.
As discussed in Note 7 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, FASB guidance on determining whether instruments granted in share-based payment transactions are participating securities requires our outstanding warrants to be recorded as a liability at fair value with subsequent changes in fair value recorded in earnings. The fair value of the warrant is determined using a Monte Carlo option pricing model, and is affected by changes in inputs to that model including our stock price, expected stock price volatility and contractual term. To the extent that the fair value of the warrant liability increases or decreases, the Company records an expense or income in its statements of operations. The other income of $492,000 attributed to the change in fair value of the warrant liability in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 is due to the change in the stock price, expected volatility, interest rates and contractual life of the warrants which are the primary assumptions applied to the Monte Carlo model used to calculate the fair value of the warrants.
The Company realized a net income for Q1 2012 of approximately $18,000 ($0.00 per share), as compared to a net loss of $273,000 ($0.01 per share) in Q1 2011, an improvement of approximately $291,000. This improvement for the quarter is primarily attributable to the fair value warrant adjustment of $438,000, offset by a $169,000 increase in loss from operations.
Fluctuation in Operating Results
The Company’s operating results may fluctuate from period to period and will depend on numerous factors, including, but not limited to, customer demand and market acceptance of the Company’s products, new product introductions, product obsolescence, component price fluctuation, manufacturing inefficiencies, varying product mix, and other factors. If demand does not meet the Company’s expectations in any given quarter, the sales shortfall may result in an increased impact on operating results due to the Company’s inability to adjust operating expenditures quickly enough to compensate for such shortfall. The Company’s results of operations could be materially adversely affected by changes in economic conditions, governmental or customer spending patterns for the markets it serves. The current turbulence in the global financial markets and its potential impact on global demand for our customers’ products and their ability to finance capital expenditures could materially affect the Company’s operating results. In addition, any significant reduction in defense spending as a result of a change in governmental spending patterns could reduce demand for the Company’s product sold into the military market.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
At July 1, 2011, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $3.3 million, a decrease of $1.4 million from the March 31, 2011 balance of $4.7 million. The lower balance is attributable to a decrease in cash from operating activities of $577,000, investing activities of $432,000 and financing activities of $380,000.
The decrease of $577,000 in cash resulting from operating activities was primarily attributable to net cash provided by operations of $161,000, offset by net cash used for operating assets and liabilities of $738,000. This net cash decrease from operating assets and liabilities was primarily the result of an increase in net accounts receivable of $227,000, an increase in inventories of $287,000, a decrease in prepaid and other assets of $33,000, offset by a decrease in accounts payable of $289,000 and an increase in accrued expenses of $32,000. Cash provided by operations of $161,000 included income from operations of $18,000 and $635,000 in depreciation, amortization and stock-based compensation expense, offset by $492,000 for the change in warrant liability fair value.
The Company used $432,000 in investing activities including capital expenditures of $368,000 and patent expenditures of $64,000.
For the three-months ended July 1, 2011, the Company used $380,000 for financing activities, comprised primarily of payments on the bank term loan ($145,000), related parties loans ($75,000) and on the MEDC and MSF loans ($169,000), offset by proceeds from the exercise of stock options of $9,000.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
The Company identifies and discloses all significant off balance sheet arrangements and related party transactions. API does not utilize special purpose entities or have any known financial relationships with other companies’ special purpose entities.
The Company enters into operating leases where the economic climate is favorable. The liquidity impact of operating leases is not material.
The Company has purchase commitments for materials, supplies, services, and property, plant and equipment as part of the normal course of business. Commitments to purchase inventory at above-market prices have been reserved. Certain supply contracts may contain penalty provisions for early termination. Based on current expectations, API does not believe that it is reasonably likely to incur any material amount of penalties under these contracts.
Other Contractual Obligations
The Company does not have material financial guarantees that are reasonably likely to affect liquidity.
The Company believes that existing cash and cash equivalents and cash flow from future operations, in conjunction with the current amended credit facility will be sufficient to fund our anticipated cash needs at least for the next twelve months. However, we may require additional financing to fund our operations in the future and there can be no assurance that additional funds will be available, especially if we experience operating results below expectations, or, if financing is available, there can be no assurance as to the terms on which funds might be available. If adequate financing is not available as required, or is not available on favorable terms, our business, financial position and results of operations will be adversely affected.
Recent Pronouncements and Accounting Changes
There were no new Accounting Pronouncements that impacted the Company during Q1 2012.
At July 1, 2011, most of the Company’s interest rate exposure is linked to the prime rate, subject to certain limitations, offset by cash investments indexed to the prime rate. As such, the Company is at risk to the extent of changes in the prime rate and does not believe that moderate changes in the prime rate will materially affect our operating results or financial condition.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officers (the “Certifying Officers”) are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures for the Company. The Certifying Officers have designed such disclosure controls and procedures to ensure that material information is made known to them, particularly during the period in which this report was prepared. The Certifying Officers have evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) (the Rules) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (or Exchange Act)) as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report and believe that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective based on the required evaluation.
There was no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended July 1, 2011 that has materially affected or is reasonably likely to materially affect the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
Part II — OTHER INFORMATION
The information regarding litigation proceedings described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2011 is incorporated herein by reference.
The Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2011 includes a detailed discussion of its risk factors. This 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the risk factors and information disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The following documents are filed as Exhibits to this report:
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
Advanced Photonix, Inc.
August 15, 2011
/s/ Richard Kurtz
Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer,
President and Director
/s/ Robin Risser
Chief Financial Officer, Chief Operating Officer,
Secretary and Director