The world's second largest insurance company AXA (headquartered in France) owns over 60% stake of AB. The company's foreign ownership lets it avoid the 35% federal corporate tax, and instead pay minimal dues of 7.5% for an unincorpated business. However, AB's partnership status also means that it must distribute nearly all of its earnings to its fund holders, limiting the growth potential of the firm.
More than half of AB's AUM is invested abroad, and the international focus of the company helped to shield the company from the 2007 credit crunch.
In 2009, AB posted total revenues of $2.94 billion, a slight decrease from its 2008 total revenues of $3.57 billion. As a result of the decrease in revenues, AB's net income was adversely affected. Between 2008 and 2009, AB's net income declined from $244.7 million in 2008 to $167 million in 2009.
AB's AUM and revenue fall under the following categories:
Institutional Investment Services refer to products and services provided for corporate or governmental investors using diversified investments into instruments like hedge funds, mutual funds, and investment trusts. At the end of 2009, total AUM for this segment was $300 billion.
Retail Services are designed for the individual investor as their funds are spread among a variety of investment vehicles like those of AB's Institutional Investment Services. Such vehicles include mutual funds and closed end funds, which offer a set number of shares for its funds. At the end of 2009, this segment had total AUM of $120.7 billion.
This segment includes AB's investment interactions with private clients. At the end of 2009, this segment had total AUM of $74.8 billion.
AllianceBernstein is still largely an American firm, as 60% of its clients live in the U.S. However, both individual and institutional business are becoming more and more international. In fact, the company invested 40% ($320 billion) of their AUM overseas and 61% of their investment services ($489 billion) were for clients (mainly institutional) outside the US. International markets are providing key business for AB, especially as the firm pushes through the 2007 credit crunch.
AllianceBernstein competes with many firms throughout the greater financial services industry. Some of its direct competitors include BlackRock (BLK), Legg Mason (LM), Eaton Vance (EV), and T. Rowe Price Group (TROW).