Alliance Data Systems 10-K 2008
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2007
For the transition period from to
Commission file number 001-15749
ALLIANCE DATA SYSTEMS CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
(Title of Class)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes þ No ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendments to this Form 10-K. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer þ Accelerated filer ¨ Non-accelerated filer ¨ Smaller reporting company ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ¨ No þ
As of June 30, 2007, the last business day of the registrants most recently completed second fiscal quarter, 77,456,956 shares of common stock were outstanding and the aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant on that date was approximately $6.0 billion (based upon the closing price on the New York Stock Exchange on June 30, 2007 of $77.40 per share). Aggregate market value is estimated solely for the purposes of this report. This shall not be construed as an admission for the purposes of determining affiliate status.
As of February 22, 2008, 79,134,089 shares of common stock were outstanding.
Documents Incorporated By Reference
Certain information called for by Part III is incorporated by reference to certain sections of the Proxy Statement for the 2008 Annual Meeting of our stockholders which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after December 31, 2007.
Caution Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Form 10-K and the documents incorporated by reference herein contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Such statements may use words such as anticipate, believe, estimate, expect, intend, predict, project, and similar expressions as they relate to us or our management. When we make forward-looking statements, we are basing them on our managements beliefs and assumptions, using information currently available to us. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, these forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including those discussed in the Risk Factors section in Item 1A of this Form 10-K and elsewhere in this Form 10-K and the documents incorporated by reference in this Form 10-K.
If one or more of these or other risks or uncertainties materialize, or if our underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual results may vary materially from what we projected. Any forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-K reflect our current views with respect to future events and are subject to these and other risks, uncertainties and assumptions relating to our operations, results of operations, growth strategy and liquidity. These risks, uncertainties and assumptions include those made with respect to and any developments related to the proposed merger of the Company with an affiliate of The Blackstone Group, including the risk that conditions to closing, including the condition relating to regulatory approvals, may not be satisfied and that the proposed merger may not be consummated, as well as risks and uncertainties arising from actions that the parties to the related merger agreement or others may take in response to the filing or outcome of any litigation with respect to the proposed merger. The Company cannot provide any assurance that the conditions to closing the proposed merger will be satisfied or that the transactions will be completed. We have no intention, and disclaim any obligation, to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future results or otherwise, except as required by law.
Agreement and Plan of Merger
On May 17, 2007, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger by and among Aladdin Solutions, Inc. (f/k/a Aladdin Holdco, Inc., Parent), Aladdin Merger Sub, Inc. (Merger Sub) and the Company (the Merger Agreement). Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, Merger Sub will be merged with and into the Company, and as a result the Company will continue as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent (the Merger). Parent and Merger Sub were formed and are controlled by affiliates of The Blackstone Group. Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, at the effective time of the Merger, each outstanding share of common stock of the Company, other than shares owned by the Company, Parent, any subsidiary of the Company or Parent, or by any stockholders who are entitled to and who properly exercise appraisal rights under Delaware law, will be cancelled and converted into the right to receive $81.75 in cash, without interest. In addition, the Merger Agreement provides that the vesting and/or lapse of restrictions on substantially all stock options, restricted stock awards and restricted stock units will be accelerated at the effective time of the Merger and holders of such securities will receive consideration in accordance with the terms of the Merger Agreement. The Company will also accelerate the recognition of stock compensation expense resulting from the vesting of substantially all outstanding unvested stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units in connection with the Merger. Consummation of the Merger is subject to closing conditions, including conditions relating to regulatory approvals. No assurances can be given that the conditions precedent to consummating the Merger will be satisfied or that the Merger will be consummated.
We filed our definitive proxy statement and proxy supplement with the SEC on July 5, 2007 and July 30, 2007, respectively, soliciting stockholder approval of the Merger Agreement, which was approved at a special meeting of our stockholders on August 8, 2007. We filed our Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, notification and report forms with the Federal Trade Commission and the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice on June 1, 2007 and early termination of the applicable waiting period was granted on June 11, 2007. We filed a request for an advance ruling certificate (ARC) regarding the Merger under the Competition Act (Canada) with the Canadian Commissioner of Competition on June 1, 2007 and received an ARC on June 7, 2007. We filed a notification under the German Act against Restraints of Competition, as amended with the German Federal Cartel Office on June 14, 2007. The waiting period under the German Competition Act expired on July 14, 2007. Parent filed the required notices with the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) on June 28, 2007. Parent also filed the required notices with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the Utah Department of Financial Institutions, in each case on July 2, 2007.
On January 25, 2008, Parent informed us in a written notice that it does not anticipate the condition to closing the Merger relating to obtaining approvals from the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency will be satisfied.
On January 30, 2008, we filed a lawsuit against Parent and Merger Sub (together, the Merger Entities). The lawsuit, filed in the Delaware Court of Chancery, sought specific performance to compel the Merger Entities to comply with their obligations under the Merger Agreement, including their covenants to use reasonable best efforts to obtain required regulatory approvals and to consummate the Merger.
On February 8, 2008, we filed a motion to dismiss our lawsuit without prejudice in response to the Merger Entities confirmation of their commitment to work to consummate the Merger. We are working with the Merger Entities to effect an acceptable solution to the unresolved regulatory issues. There can be no assurance, however, that an acceptable solution will be obtained or that the Merger will be completed.
We are a leading provider of data-driven and transaction-based marketing and customer loyalty solutions. We offer a comprehensive portfolio of integrated outsourced marketing solutions, including customer loyalty programs, database marketing services, marketing strategy consulting, analytics and creative services, permission-based email marketing and private label retail credit card programs. We focus on facilitating and managing interactions between our clients and their customers through a variety of consumer marketing channels, including in-store, catalog, mail, telephone and on-line. We capture data created during each customer interaction, analyze the data and leverage the insight derived from that data to enable clients to identify and acquire new customers, as well as to enhance customer loyalty. We believe that our services are becoming increasingly valuable as companies continue to shift their marketing resources away from traditional mass marketing campaigns toward more targeted marketing programs that provide measurable returns on marketing investments.
Our clients are primarily large consumer-based businesses and include such well-known brands in North America as BMO Bank of Montreal, Citibank, Hilton, Bank of America, Victorias Secret, Canada Safeway, Shell Canada, Amex Bank of Canada, J. Crew and Expedia. Our client base of more than 800 companies is diversified across a broad range of end-markets, including, among others, financial services, specialty retail, grocery and drugstore chains, petroleum retail, technology, hospitality and travel, media and pharmaceuticals. We believe our comprehensive suite of marketing solutions offers us a significant competitive advantage, as many of our competitors offer a more limited range of services. We believe the breadth and quality of our service offerings have led to long-standing client relationships.
We are the result of the 1996 merger of two entities acquired by Welsh, Carson, Anderson & Stowe: J.C. Penneys transaction services business, BSI Business Services, Inc., and Limited Brands, Inc.s credit card bank operation, World Financial Network National Bank. In June 2001, we concluded the initial public offering of our common stock, which is listed on the New York Stock Exchange. During 2003, we completed two secondary public offerings whereby Limited Commerce Corp., which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Limited Brands and was our second largest stockholder, sold all of our shares of common stock it beneficially owned. During 2006, Welsh, Carson, Anderson & Stowe completed the distribution of its shares to its limited partners.
We continue to execute on our growth strategy through internal growth and acquisitions. In 2007, we entered into new arrangements for private label retail card services with Orchard Supply Hardware and Gardner-White. We also signed Labrador Liquor Corporation, Roins Financial Services Limited, Réno-Dépot and Vision Electronics as new sponsors in the AIR MILES® Reward Program. We signed new contracts with Tesco, EachNet, Charter Communications, and Helzberg Diamond to provide integrated email and marketing solutions. We also signed a multi-year agreement with 7-Eleven, Inc. to provide payment processing services, including authorization and settlement for debit and credit transactions, and prepaid card services.
We further expanded our relationships with several key clients, including the signing of a multi-year agreement with Redcats USA to provide integrated credit and marketing services, including co-branded credit card services to supplement Redcats USAs existing private label card program and co-branded credit card services to The Sportsmans Guide, a new client of Redcats USA. We also entered into an agreement with Williams-Sonoma, Inc. (to launch a private label retail card program for the West Elm brand) and continue providing private label retail card services for the Pottery Barn brands. We also expanded our co-branded credit card services with Fortunoff.
We also completed significant AIR MILES Reward Program sponsor renewals in 2007 with A&P Canada, Goodyear Canada, Forzani Group, Ltd. and Katz Group Canadas Rexall and Pharma Plus pharmacies. We also renewed contracts with Alon USA for integrated private label card services and Truckee Meadows Water Authority to provide customer care solutions as well as to provide bill print and payment solutions.
In February 2007, we continued to expand our marketing services offering with the acquisition of Abacus, formerly a division of DoubleClick Inc., and a leading provider of data and multi-channel direct marketing services. In November 2007, we sold our Mail Services business. The sale allows us to increase our focus on the capabilities, technologies and businesses that more closely align with our strategy.
Our corporate headquarters is located at 17655 Waterview Parkway, Dallas, Texas 75252, and our telephone number is 972-348-5100.
Our Market Opportunity and Growth Strategy
We intend to enhance our position as a leading provider of targeted, data-driven and transaction-based marketing and loyalty solutions and to continue our growth in revenue and earnings by pursuing the following strategies:
Products and Services
Our products and services are reported under three segmentsMarketing Services, Credit Services, and Transaction Services. We have traditionally marketed and sold our products and services on a stand-alone basis but increasingly market and sell them on an integrated basis. Our products and services are listed below. Financial information about our segments and geographic areas appears in Note 21 of our consolidated financial statements.
Our clients are focused on targeting, acquiring and retaining loyal and profitable customers. We create and manage targeted marketing programs that result in securing more frequent and sustained customer behavior. We utilize the information gathered through our loyalty and targeted marketing programs to help our clients design and implement effective marketing programs. Our clients within this segment include financial services providers, supermarkets, petroleum retailers, specialty retailers and pharmaceutical companies. BMO Bank of Montreal, the largest Marketing Services client in 2007, represented approximately 21.5% of this segments 2007 revenue.
Coalition Loyalty. Our AIR MILES Reward Program is the largest coalition loyalty program in Canada with over 120 participating sponsors participating in the program. The AIR MILES Reward Program enables consumers to earn AIR MILES reward miles, which operate as points, as they shop within a range of retailers and other sponsors participating in the AIR MILES Reward Program. We believe that one of the reasons our AIR MILES Reward Program is so popular with consumers, as evidenced by the approximately 70% participation rate
for Canadian households, is that consumers are able to rapidly accumulate AIR MILES reward miles across a significant portion of their everyday spending.
We deal with three primary parties in connection with our AIR MILES Reward Program: sponsors, collectors and suppliers.
Sponsors. Our AIR MILES Reward Program has more than 120 brand name sponsors participating in the program such as Canada Safeway, Shell Canada, Jean Coutu, Amex Bank of Canada and BMO Bank of Montreal. The AIR MILES Reward Program is a full service outsourced loyalty program for our sponsors, who pay us a fee per AIR MILES reward mile issued, for which we provide all marketing, customer service and rewards and redemption management. We typically grant participating sponsors exclusivity in their category, which allows them to realize incremental sales and increase their market share as a result of their participation in the AIR MILES Reward Program coalition.
Collectors. Consumers participating in the AIR MILES Reward Program, who we refer to as collectors, earn AIR MILES reward miles at over 10,000 retail and service locations, in addition to the many locations where collectors can use certain cards issued by BMO Bank of Montreal and Amex Bank of Canada. The AIR MILES Reward Program offers a reward structure that provides a quick, easy and free way for collectors to earn a broad selection of travel, entertainment and other lifestyle rewards by shopping at participating sponsors.
Suppliers. We enter into supply agreements with suppliers of rewards to the program such as airlines, movie theaters and manufacturers of consumer electronics. We obtain rewards from over 300 suppliers who utilize the AIR MILES Reward Program as an additional distribution channel for their products. Suppliers include such well-recognized companies as Apple, Starbucks, Sony and Air Canada.
U.S Marketing Services. Our Epsilon business is a leader in providing integrated direct marketing solutions that combine database marketing technology and analytics with a broad range of direct marketing services. We offer customer management and loyalty solutions by utilizing data, database technologies, analytics and delivery platforms to maximize the value and loyalty of our clients customers and assist our clients in acquiring new customers. Our marketing programs target and reach individual consumers and provide a measurable return on our clients marketing investments. As a result of our acquisition of Abacus, in February 2007, we have become the industry leader in providing customer acquisition and retention solutions through cooperative databases that contain consumer transactional data from more than 1,500 multi-channel catalogers, retailers, on-line merchants and business-to-business marketers. We also operate what we believe is the worlds largest permission-based email marketing platform. We offer our clients a full end-to-end solution, including marketing strategy consulting, data services, database development and management, marketing analytics, creative design and delivery services such as email communications, which we believe provides us with a competitive advantage over other marketing services providers with more limited service offerings. Epsilon has over 500 clients, primarily in the financial services, specialty retail, hospitality and pharmaceutical end-markets.
Analytical Services. We provide behavior-based, demographic and attitudinal segmentation; acquisition, attrition, cross-sell and up-sell, retention, loyalty and value predictive modeling; and program evaluation, testing and measurement across our integrated marketing services.
Strategic Consulting and Creative. We provide consulting services that analyze our clients business, brand and/or product strategy to create customer campaigns and sales channel strategies and tactics designed to further optimize our clients customer relationships and marketing return on investment. We also provide direct marketing program design, development and management; campaign design and execution; value proposition and business case development; concept development and creative media consulting; print, imaging and personalization services; data processing services; fulfillment services; and mailing services.
Proprietary Data Services. We provide various data services that are essential to making informed marketing decisions. Together with our clients, we utilize this data to develop highly targeted, individualized marketing programs that build stronger customer relationships and increase response rates in marketing programs.
Marketing Database Services. We provide design and management of outsourced loyalty programs, integrated marketing databases; customer and prospect data integration and data hygiene; campaign management and marketing application integration; and web design and development.
Interactive Communications. We provide strategic, permission-based email communication solutions and marketing technologies. Our end-to-end suite of industry specific products and services includes scalable email campaign technology, delivery optimization, marketing automation tools, turnkey integration solutions, strategic consulting and creative expertise to produce email programs that generate measurable results throughout the customer lifecycle.
Our Credit Services segment provides risk management solutions, account origination and funding services for our more than 85 private label retail card programs. Through these programs, we managed approximately $3.9 billion in average receivables from approximately 23 million active accounts for the year ended December 31, 2007, with an average balance during that period of approximately $360 for accounts with outstanding balances. We process millions of credit applications each year using automated proprietary scoring technology and verification procedures to make risk-based origination decisions when approving new cardholders and establishing their credit limits. These procedures help us segment prospects into narrower ranges within each risk score provided by credit bureaus, allowing us to better evaluate individual credit risk and tailor our risk-based pricing accordingly. Our cardholders tend to be middle- to upper-income individuals, in particular 35 to 49 year-old married females who use our cards primarily as brand affinity tools rather than pure financing instruments, which has resulted in lower average balances than on general purpose credit cards. We focus our sales efforts on prime borrowers and do not target sub-prime borrowers.
We utilize a securitization program as our primary funding vehicle for private label retail card receivables. Securitizations involve the packaging and selling of both current and future receivable balances of credit card accounts to a special purpose entity that then sells them to a master trust. Our securitizations are treated as sales for accounting purposes and, accordingly, the receivables are removed from our balance sheet. We retain an ownership interest in the receivables, which is commonly referred to as a sellers interest, and a residual interest in the trust, which is commonly referred to as an interest-only strip. As of December 31 2007, Intimate Brands and Redcats accounted for approximately 18.9% and 14.0%, respectively, of the receivables in the trust portfolio.
We facilitate and manage transactions between our clients and their customers through our scalable processing systems.
Processing Services. We assist clients in extending their brand with a private label or co-branded credit card that can be used by customers at the clients store locations, catalogs or on-line. We provide service and maintenance to our clients private label credit and co-branded card programs and assist our clients in acquiring, retaining and managing valuable repeat customers. Our Transaction Services segment performs processing services for our Credit Services segment in connection with that segments private label credit card and co-branded programs. These inter-segment services accounted for 47.4% of Transaction Services revenue in 2007. We have developed a proprietary private label credit card system designed specifically for retailers that has
the flexibility to be customized to accommodate our clients specific needs. We have also built into the system marketing tools to assist our clients in increasing sales. We utilize our Quick Credit and On-Line Prescreen products to originate new private label credit card accounts. We believe that these products provide an effective marketing advantage over competing services.
We use automated technology for bill preparation, printing and mailing, as well as offer consumers the ability to view, print and pay their bills on-line. By doing so, we improve the funds availability for both our clients and for those private label credit card receivables that we own or securitize. Our customer care operations are influenced by our retail heritage. We focus our training programs in all areas to achieve the highest possible standards. We monitor our performance by conducting surveys with our clients and their customers. Our call centers are equipped to handle phone, mail, fax and on-line inquiries. We also provide collection activities on delinquent accounts to support our retail private label credit card programs.
Utility Services. We believe that we are one of the largest independent service providers of customer information systems for utilities in North America. We provide a comprehensive single source business solution for customer care and billing solutions. We have solutions for the regulated, de-regulated and municipal marketplace. These solutions provide not only hosting of the customer information system, but also customer care, statement generation and payment processing. We focus on the successful acquisition, value enhancement and retention of our clients customers.
In both a regulated and de-regulated environment, providers will need more sophisticated and complex billing and customer information systems to effectively compete in the marketplace. We believe that our ability to integrate transaction and marketing services effectively provides a competitive advantage for us.
Merchant Services. We are a provider of transaction processing services with an emphasis on the U.S. petroleum retail industry. We have built a network that enables us to process virtually all electronic payment types including credit card, debit card, prepaid card, gift card, electronic benefits and check transactions.
Safeguards to Our Business; Disaster and Contingency Planning
We operate multiple data processing centers to process and store our customer transaction data. Given the significant amount of data that we manage, much of which is real-time data to support our clients commerce initiatives, we have established redundant capabilities for our data centers. We have a number of safeguards in place that are designed to protect our company from data related risks and in the event of a disaster, to restore our data centers systems.
Protection of Intellectual Property and Other Proprietary Rights
We rely on a combination of copyright, trade secret and trademark laws, confidentiality procedures, contractual provisions and other similar measures to protect our proprietary information and technology used in each business unit of our business. We currently have seven patent applications pending with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and two international applications. We generally enter into confidentiality or license agreements with our employees, consultants and corporate partners, and generally control access to and distribution of our technology, documentation and other proprietary information. Despite the efforts to protect our proprietary rights, unauthorized parties may attempt to copy or otherwise obtain the use of our products or technology that we consider proprietary and third parties may attempt to develop similar technology independently. We pursue registration and protection of our trademarks primarily in the United States and Canada, although we also have either registered trademarks or applications pending in Argentina, New Zealand, the European Union, Peru, Venezuela, Brazil, Great Britain, Australia, China, Hong Kong, Japan and Singapore.
Effective protection of intellectual property rights may be unavailable or limited in some countries. The laws of some countries do not protect our proprietary rights to the same extent as in the United States and Canada. We are the exclusive Canadian licensee of the AIR MILES family of trademarks pursuant to a perpetual
license agreement with Air Miles International Trading B.V., for which we pay a royalty fee. We believe that the AIR MILES family of trademarks and our other trademarks are important for our branding, corporate identification and marketing of our services in each business unit.
The markets for our products and services are highly competitive. We compete with marketing services companies, credit card issuers, and data processing companies, as well as with the in-house staffs of our current and potential clients.
Marketing Services. As a provider of marketing services, we generally compete with advertising and other promotional and loyalty programs, both traditional and on-line, for a portion of a clients total marketing budget. In addition, we compete against internally developed products and services created by our existing and potential clients. For each of our marketing services, we expect competition to intensify as more competitors enter our market. Competitors with our AIR MILES Reward Program may target our sponsors and collectors as well as draw rewards from our rewards suppliers. Our ability to generate significant revenue from clients and loyalty partners will depend on our ability to differentiate ourselves through the products and services we provide and the attractiveness of our loyalty and rewards programs to consumers. The continued attractiveness of our loyalty and rewards programs will also depend on our ability to remain affiliated with sponsors that are desirable to consumers and to offer rewards that are both attainable and attractive to consumers. Intensifying competition may make it more difficult for us to do this.
Our Epsilon business generally competes with advertising and other promotional programs, both traditional and on-line. In addition, Epsilon competes against internally developed products and services created by our existing clients and others. For each of our marketing services, we expect competition to intensify as more competitors enter our market. For our targeted direct marketing services offerings, our ability to continue to capture detailed customer transaction data is critical in providing effective customer relationship management strategies for our clients. Our ability to differentiate the mix of products and services that we offer, together with the effective delivery of those products and services, are also important factors in meeting our clients objective to continually improve their return on marketing investment.
Credit Services. Our credit services business competes primarily with financial institutions whose marketing focus has been on developing credit card programs with large revolving balances. These competitors further drive their businesses by cross selling their other financial products to their cardholders. Our focus has primarily been on targeting specialty retailers that understand the competitive advantage of developing loyal customers. Typically these retailers have customers that make more frequent and smaller transactions. As a result, we are able to analyze card-based transaction data we obtain through managing our card programs, including customer specific transaction data and overall consumer spending patterns, to develop and implement targeted marketing strategies and to develop successful customer relationship management strategies for our clients. As an issuer of private label retail cards, we compete with other payment methods, primarily general purpose credit cards like Visa and MasterCard, which we also issue primarily as co-branded private label retail cards, American Express and Discover Card, as well as cash, checks and debit cards.
Transaction Services. Our focus has been on industry segments characterized by companies with large customer bases, detail-rich data and high transaction volumes. Targeting these specific market sectors allows us to develop and deliver solutions that meet the needs of these sectors. This focus is consistent with our marketing strategy for all products and services. Additionally, we believe we effectively distinguish ourselves from other transaction processors by providing solutions that help our clients leverage investments they have made in payment systems by using these systems for electronic marketing programs. Competition in the area of utility services comes primarily from larger, more well-funded and well-established competitors and from companies developing in-house solutions and capabilities.
Federal and state laws and regulations extensively regulate the operations of our credit card services bank subsidiary, World Financial Network National Bank, as well as our industrial bank, World Financial Capital Bank. Many of these laws and regulations are intended to maintain the safety and soundness of World Financial Network National Bank and World Financial Capital Bank, and they impose significant restraints on those companies to which other non-regulated companies are not subject. Because World Financial Network National Bank is deemed a credit card bank and World Financial Capital Bank is an industrial bank within the meaning of the Bank Holding Company Act, we are not subject to regulation as a bank holding company. If we were subject to regulation as a bank holding company, we would be constrained in our operations to a limited number of activities that are closely related to banking or financial services in nature. Nevertheless, as a national bank, World Financial Network National Bank is still subject to overlapping supervision by the OCC and the FDIC; and, as an industrial bank, World Financial Capital Bank is still subject to overlapping supervision by the FDIC and the State of Utah.
World Financial Network National Bank and World Financial Capital Bank must maintain minimum amounts of regulatory capital. If World Financial Network National Bank or World Financial Capital Bank do not meet these capital requirements, their respective regulators have broad discretion to institute a number of corrective actions that could have a direct material effect on our financial statements. World Financial Capital Bank, as an institution insured by the FDIC, must maintain certain capital ratios, paid-in capital minimums and adequate allowances for loan losses. World Financial Network National Bank must meet specific guidelines that involve measures and ratios of its assets, liabilities, regulatory capital, interest rate exposure and certain off-balance sheet items under regulatory accounting standards, among other factors. Under the National Bank Act, if the capital stock of World Financial Network National Bank is impaired by losses or otherwise, we, as the sole shareholder, may be assessed the deficiency. To the extent necessary, if a deficiency in capital still exists, the FDIC may be appointed as a receiver to wind up World Financial Network National Banks affairs.
Before World Financial Network National Bank can pay dividends to us, it must obtain prior regulatory approval if all dividends declared in any calendar year would exceed its net profits for that year plus its retained net profits for the preceding two calendar years, less any transfers to surplus. In addition, World Financial Network National Bank may only pay dividends to the extent that retained net profits, including the portion transferred to surplus, exceed bad debts. Moreover, to pay any dividend, World Financial Network National Bank must maintain adequate capital above regulatory guidelines. Further, if a regulatory authority believes that World Financial Network National Bank is engaged in or is about to engage in an unsafe or unsound banking practice, which, depending on its financial condition, could include the payment of dividends, that regulatory authority may require, after notice and hearing, that World Financial Network National Bank cease and desist from the unsafe practice. Before World Financial Capital Bank can pay dividends to us, it must obtain prior written regulatory approval.
As part of an acquisition in 2003 by World Financial Network National Bank, which required approval by the OCC, the OCC required World Financial Network National Bank to enter into an operating agreement with it and a capital adequacy and liquidity maintenance agreement with us. The operating agreement requires World Financial Network National Bank to continue to operate in a manner consistent with its current practices, regulatory guidelines and applicable law, including those related to affiliate transactions, maintenance of capital and corporate governance. This operating agreement has not required any changes in World Financial Network National Banks operations. The capital adequacy and liquidity maintenance agreement memorializes our current obligations to World Financial Network National Bank.
We are limited under Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act in the extent to which we can borrow or otherwise obtain credit from or engage in other covered transactions with World Financial Network National Bank or World Financial Capital Bank, which may have the effect of limiting the extent to which World Financial Network National Bank or World Financial Capital Bank can finance or otherwise supply funds to us.
Covered transactions include loans or extensions of credit, purchases of or investments in securities, purchases of assets, including assets subject to an agreement to repurchase, acceptance of securities as collateral for a loan or extension of credit, or the issuance of a guarantee, acceptance, or letter of credit. Although the applicable rules do not serve as an outright bar on engaging in covered transactions, they do require that we engage in covered transactions with World Financial Network National Bank or World Financial Capital Bank only on terms and under circumstances that are substantially the same, or at least as favorable to World Financial Network National Bank or World Financial Capital Bank, as those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with nonaffiliated companies. Furthermore, with certain exceptions, each loan or extension of credit by World Financial Network National Bank or World Financial Capital Bank to us or our other affiliates must be secured by collateral with a market value ranging from 100% to 130% of the amount of the loan or extension of credit, depending on the type of collateral.
We are required to monitor and report unusual or suspicious account activity as well as transactions involving amounts in excess of prescribed limits under the Bank Secrecy Act, Internal Revenue Service (IRS) rules, and other regulations. Congress, the IRS and the bank regulators have focused their attention on banks monitoring and reporting of suspicious activities. Additionally, Congress and the bank regulators have proposed, adopted or passed a number of new laws and regulations that may increase reporting obligations of banks. We are also subject to numerous laws and regulations that are intended to protect consumers, including state laws, the Truth in Lending Act, Equal Credit Opportunity Act and Fair Credit Reporting Act. These laws and regulations mandate various disclosure requirements and regulate the manner in which we may interact with consumers. These and other laws also limit finance charges or other fees or charges earned in our activities. We conduct our operations in a manner that we believe excludes us from regulation as a consumer reporting agency under the Fair Credit Reporting Act. If we were deemed a consumer reporting agency, however, we would be subject to a number of additional complex regulatory requirements and restrictions.
A number of privacy regulations have been implemented in the United States, Canada, the European Union and China in recent years. These regulations place many new restrictions on our ability to collect and disseminate customer information. In addition, the enactment of new or amended legislation around the world could place additional restrictions on our ability to utilize customer information.
Under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, we are required to maintain a comprehensive written information security program that includes administrative, technical and physical safeguards relating to customer information. We also were required to develop an initial privacy notice and we are required to provide annual privacy notices to customers that describe in general terms our information sharing practices. If we intend to share nonpublic personal information about customers with nonaffiliated third parties, we must provide our customers with a notice and a reasonable period of time for each customer to opt out of any such disclosure.
In addition to the federal privacy laws with which we must comply, states also have adopted statutes, regulations or other measures governing the collection and distribution of nonpublic personal information about customers. In some cases these state measures are preempted by federal law, but if not, we monitor and seek to comply with individual state privacy laws in the conduct of our business.
We also have systems and processes to comply with the USA PATRIOT ACT of 2001, which is designed to deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the world, to enhance law enforcement investigatory tools, and for other purposes.
Canada has likewise enacted privacy legislation known as the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act. This act requires organizations to obtain a consumers consent to collect, use or disclose personal information. Under this act, which took effect on January 1, 2001, the nature of the required consent depends on the sensitivity of the personal information, and the act permits personal information to be used only for the purposes for which it was collected. Some provinces have enacted substantially similar privacy legislation. We believe we have taken appropriate steps with our AIR MILES Reward Program to comply with these laws.
As of December 31, 2007, we had approximately 9,800 employees. We believe our relations with our employees are good. We have no collective bargaining agreements with our employees.
We file or furnish annual, quarterly, current and special reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. You may read and copy, for a fee, any document we file or furnish at the SECs Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Room 1580, Washington, D.C. 20549. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the Public Reference Room. Our SEC filings are also available to the public at the SECs web site at www.sec.gov. You may also obtain copies of our annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and certain other information filed or furnished with the SEC, as well as amendments thereto, free of charge from our web site. Our web site is www.AllianceData.com. No information from this web site is incorporated by reference herein. These documents are posted to our web site as soon as reasonably practicable after we have filed or furnished these documents with the SEC. We post our audit committee, compensation committee, nominating and corporate governance committee, and executive committee charters, our corporate governance guidelines, and our code of ethics, code of ethics for Senior Financial Executives and Chief Executive Officer, and code of ethics for Board Members on our web site. These documents are available free of charge to any stockholder upon request.
We submitted the certification of the Chief Executive Officer required by Section 303A.12(a) of the New York Stock Exchange Listed Company Manual, relating to our compliance with the NYSEs corporate governance listing standards, to the NYSE on June 26, 2007 with no qualification. In addition, we included the certifications of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer required by Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and related rules, relating to the quality of our public disclosure, in this Annual Report on Form 10-K as Exhibits 31.1 and 31.2.
Risks Related to Our Company
We cannot give any assurance that the Merger will be consummated.
Consummation of the Merger is subject to the satisfaction of various closing conditions. While certain of these conditions have been satisfied, including, among others, adoption of the Merger Agreement by a vote of two-thirds of the outstanding shares of our common stock, the expiration or termination of applicable waiting periods under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, and issuance of a ruling under the Competition Act (Canada) or expiration, termination or waiver under that Act, there are still several conditions to closing that have not been satisfied, including obtaining required approvals from the FDIC, the OCC and the Utah Commissioner of Financial Institutions with respect to our banking operations and certain other customary closing conditions described in the Merger Agreement. We cannot guarantee that all of the conditions precedent to consummating the Merger will be satisfied or that the Merger will be successfully completed. On January 25, 2008, Aladdin Solutions, Inc. (f/k/a Aladdin Holdco, Inc.) informed us in a written notice that it did not anticipate the condition to closing the Merger relating to obtaining approvals from the OCC would be satisfied. In response to the notice and subsequent conversations with Aladdin Solutions, Inc.s representatives, on January 30, 2008, we filed a lawsuit against Aladdin Solutions, Inc. and Aladdin Merger Sub, Inc., the acquisition entities formed by affiliates of The Blackstone Group to acquire us pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, seeking specific performance to compel these entities to comply with their obligations under the Merger Agreement, including their covenants to use reasonable best efforts to obtain required regulatory approvals and to consummate the Merger. On February 8, 2008, we filed a motion to dismiss our lawsuit without prejudice in response to confirmation of these entities commitment to work to consummate the Merger. Although we are working with these entities to effect an acceptable solution to the unresolved regulatory issues, there can be no assurance that an acceptable solution will be obtained or that the Merger will be completed.
In the event that the Merger is not completed:
Any such events could have a material negative impact on our results of operations and financial condition and could adversely affect our stock price.
Delaware law and our charter documents could prevent a change of control that might be beneficial to you.
Delaware law, as well as provisions of our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, could discourage unsolicited proposals to acquire us, even though such proposals may be beneficial to you. These include:
These provisions of our certificate of incorporation, bylaws and Delaware law could discourage tender offers or other transactions that might otherwise result in our stockholders receiving a premium over the market price for our common stock.
Future sales of our common stock, or the perception that future sales could occur, may adversely affect our common stock price.
As of February 22, 2008, we had an aggregate of 100,909,467 shares of our common stock authorized but unissued and not reserved for specific purposes. While we are currently restricted by the terms of the Merger Agreement, in general, we may issue all of these shares without any action or approval by our stockholders. We have reserved 21,003,000 shares of our common stock for issuance under our employee stock purchase plan and our long-term incentive plans, of which 5,212,133 shares are issuable upon vesting of restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, and upon exercise of options granted as of February 22, 2008, including options to purchase approximately 4,030,114 shares exercisable as of February 22, 2008 or that will become exercisable within 60 days after February 22, 2008. We have reserved for issuance 1,500,000 shares of our common stock, all of which remain issuable, under our 401(k) and Retirement Savings Plan. In addition, we may pursue acquisitions of competitors and related businesses and may issue shares of our common stock in connection with these acquisitions. Sales or issuances of a substantial number of shares of common stock, or the perception that such sales could occur, could adversely affect prevailing market prices of our common stock, and any sale or issuance of our common stock will dilute the percentage ownership held by our stockholders.
A limited number of stockholders report ownership of a significant amount of our common stock. These stockholders may have interests that conflict with yours and, if they were to act together, may be able to control the election of directors and the approval of significant corporate transactions, including a change in control.
Pursuant to the information provided in various filings with the SEC on Schedules 13D or 13G and amendments thereto, there are five separate groups of affiliated entities that beneficially own, in the aggregate, approximately 35% of our outstanding common stock. These stockholders, if acting together, may be able to exercise significant influence over matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of directors, changes to our charter documents and significant corporate actions, including a change in control. These stockholders may have interests that conflict with our interests or those of other stockholders. This concentration of ownership may prevent any other holder or group of holders of our common stock from being able to affect the way we are managed or the direction of our business. Accordingly, this concentration of ownership could adversely affect the prevailing market price of our common stock.
Risks Related to General Business Operations
Our 10 largest clients represented 40.7% of our consolidated revenue in 2007, and the loss of any of these clients could cause a significant drop in our revenue.
We depend on a limited number of large clients for a significant portion of our consolidated revenue. Our 10 largest clients represented approximately 40.7% of our consolidated revenue during the year ended December 31, 2007, with BMO Bank of Montreal representing approximately 10.2% of our 2007 consolidated revenue. A decrease in revenue from any of our significant clients for any reason, including a decrease in pricing or activity, or a decision to either utilize another service provider or to no longer outsource some or all of the services we provide, could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated revenue.
Marketing Services. Our 10 largest clients in this segment represented approximately 48.9% of our Marketing Services revenue in 2007. BMO Bank of Montreal represented approximately 21.5% of this segments 2007 revenue. Our contract with BMO Bank of Montreal expires in 2009.
Credit Services. Our 10 largest clients and their customers in this segment represented approximately 84.5% of our Credit Services revenue in 2007. Intimate Brands and its retail affiliates represented approximately 20.9%, and Redcats represented approximately 12.4% of our Credit Services revenue in 2007. Our contracts with Intimate Brands and its retail affiliates expire in 2012, and our contract with Redcats expires in 2016.
Transaction Services. Our 10 largest clients in this segment represented approximately 45.8% of our Transaction Services revenue in 2007.
Competition in our industries is intense and we expect it to intensify.
The markets for our products and services are highly competitive and we expect competition to intensify in each of those markets. Many of our current competitors have longer operating histories, stronger brand names and greater financial, technical, marketing and other resources than we do. Certain of our business units also compete against in-house staffs of our current clients and others or internally developed products and services by our current clients and others. For example, as a result of increasing competitors in the loyalty market, including from the Aeroplan Program, one of Canadas largest loyalty marketing programs, we may experience greater competition in attracting and retaining sponsors in our AIR MILES Reward Program. Our ability to generate significant revenue from clients and partners will depend on our ability to differentiate ourselves through the products and services we provide and the attractiveness of our programs to consumers. We may not be able to compete successfully against our current and potential competitors.
The markets for the services that we offer may fail to expand or may contract and this could negatively impact our growth and profitability.
Our growth and continued profitability depend on acceptance of the services that we offer. Our clients may not continue to use loyalty and targeted marketing strategies. Changes in technology may enable merchants and retail companies to directly process transactions in a cost-efficient manner without the use of our services. Additionally, downturns in the economy or the performance of retailers may result in a decrease in the demand for our marketing strategies. Further, if customers make fewer purchases of our customers products and services, we will have fewer transactions to process, resulting in lower revenue. Any decrease in the demand for our services for the reasons discussed above or any other reasons could have a materially adverse effect on our growth, revenue and operating results.
If we fail to identify suitable acquisition candidates, or to integrate the businesses we acquire, it could negatively affect our business.
Historically, we have engaged in a significant number of acquisitions, and those acquisitions have contributed to our growth in revenue and profitability. While we believe that acquisitions will continue to be a key component of our growth strategy, our focus for 2008 is expected to be on organic growth. However, we may not be able to continue to locate and secure acquisition candidates on terms and conditions that are acceptable to us. If we are unable to identify attractive acquisition candidates, our growth could be impaired. There are several risks to acquisitions, including:
Acquisitions that we make may not be successfully integrated into our ongoing operations and we may not achieve any expected cost savings or other synergies from any acquisition. If the operations of an acquired business do not meet expectations, our profitability and cash flows may be impaired and we may be required to restructure the acquired business or write-off the value of some or all of the assets of the acquired business.
Failure to safeguard our databases and consumer privacy could affect our reputation among our clients and their customers, and may expose us to legal claims.
As part of our AIR MILES Reward Program, targeted marketing services programs and credit card programs, we maintain databases containing information on consumers account transactions. Our databases may be subject to unauthorized access. If we experience a security breach, the integrity of our databases could be affected. Security and privacy concerns may cause consumers to resist providing the personal data necessary to support our profiling capability. The use of our loyalty, marketing services or credit card programs could decline if any compromise of security occurred. In addition, any unauthorized release of consumer information, or any public perception that we released consumer information without authorization, could subject us to legal claims from consumers or regulatory enforcement actions and adversely affect our client relationships.
As a result of our significant Canadian operations, our reported financial information will be affected by fluctuations in the exchange rate between the U.S. and Canadian dollars.
A significant portion of our revenue is derived from our operations in Canada, which transact business in Canadian dollars. Therefore, our reported financial information from quarter-to-quarter will be affected by changes in the exchange rate between the U.S. and Canadian dollars over the relevant periods. We do not hedge any of our exchange rate exposure in our Canadian operations.
The Canadian dollar has been trading at historically high rates against the U.S. dollar in recent periods. If the Canadian dollar were to decline in value in subsequent periods, our operating results would be negatively impacted and we would not have the benefit of the favorable revenue impact we have experienced in recent periods as a result of the strength of the Canadian dollar.
The hedging activity related to our securitization trusts and our floating rate indebtedness subjects us to off-balance sheet counterparty risks relating to the creditworthiness of the commercial banks with whom we enter into hedging transactions.
In order to execute hedging strategies related to the securitization trusts and our floating rate indebtedness, we have entered into interest rate derivative contracts with commercial banks. These banks are considered counterparties. It is our policy to enter into such contracts with counterparties that are deemed to be creditworthy. However, if macro- or micro-economic events were to negatively impact these banks, the banks might not be able to honor their obligations either to us or to the securitization trusts and we might suffer a direct loss or a loss related to our residual interest in the securitization trusts.
Our failure to protect our intellectual property rights may harm our competitive position, and litigation to protect our intellectual property rights or defend against third party allegations of infringement may be costly.
Third parties may infringe or misappropriate our trademarks or other intellectual property rights, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or operating results. The actions we take to protect our trademarks and other proprietary rights may not be adequate. Litigation may be necessary to enforce our intellectual property rights, protect our trade secrets or determine the validity and scope of the
proprietary rights of others. We may not be able to prevent infringement of our intellectual property rights or misappropriation of our proprietary information. Any infringement or misappropriation could harm any competitive advantage we currently derive or may derive from our proprietary rights. Third parties may also assert infringement claims against us. Any claims and any resulting litigation could subject us to significant liability for damages may also result in limitations on our ability to use the intellectual property subject to these claims. An adverse determination in any litigation of this type could require us to design around a third partys patent or to license alternative technology from another party. In addition, litigation is time consuming and expensive to defend and could result in the diversion of our time and resources.
Loss of data center capacity, interruption of telecommunication links, computer viruses or inability to utilize proprietary software of third party vendors could affect our ability to timely meet the needs of our clients and their customers.
Our ability to protect our data centers against damage or inoperability from fire, power loss, telecommunications failure, computer viruses and other disasters is critical. In order to provide many of our services, we must be able to store, retrieve, process and manage large amounts of data and periodically expand and upgrade our database capabilities. Any damage to our data centers, any failure of our telecommunication links that interrupts our operations or any impairment of our ability to use our software or the proprietary software of third party vendors, including impairments due to virus attacks, could adversely affect our ability to meet our clients needs and their confidence in utilizing us for future services.
If we are required to pay state taxes on transaction processing, it could negatively impact our profitability.
Transaction processing companies may be subject to state taxation of certain portions of their fees charged to merchants for their services. If we are required to pay such taxes and are unable to pass this tax expense through to our merchant clients, these taxes would negatively impact our profitability.
We rely on third party vendors to provide products and services. Our profitability could be adversely impacted if they fail to fulfill their obligations.
The failure of the companys suppliers to deliver products and services in sufficient quantities and in a timely manner could adversely affect the companys business. If our significant vendors were unable to renew our existing contracts we might not be able to replace the related product or service at the same cost which would negatively impact our profitability.
Risks Particular to Marketing Services
If actual redemptions by AIR MILES Reward Program collectors are greater than expected, or if the costs related to redemption of AIR MILES reward miles increase, our profitability could be adversely affected.
A portion of our revenue is based on our estimate of the number of AIR MILES reward miles that will go unused by the collector base. The percentage of unredeemed AIR MILES reward miles is known as breakage in the loyalty industry. AIR MILES reward miles currently do not expire. We experience breakage when AIR MILES reward miles are not redeemed by collectors for a number of reasons, including:
If actual redemptions are greater than our estimates, our profitability could be adversely affected due to the cost of the excess redemptions. Our AIR MILES Reward Program also exposes us to risks arising from
potentially increasing reward costs. Our profitability could be adversely affected if costs related to redemption of AIR MILES reward miles increase.
The loss of our most active AIR MILES Reward Program collectors could negatively affect our growth and profitability.
Our most active AIR MILES Reward Program collectors drive a disproportionate percentage of our AIR MILES Reward Program revenue. The loss of a significant portion of these collectors, for any reason, could impact our ability to generate significant revenue from sponsors. The continued attractiveness of our loyalty and rewards programs will depend in large part on our ability to remain affiliated with sponsors that are desirable to consumers and to offer rewards that are both attainable and attractive.
Airline or travel industry disruptions, such as an airline insolvency, could negatively affect the AIR MILES Reward Program, our revenues and profitability.
Air travel is one of the appeals of the AIR MILES Reward Program to collectors. As a result of airline insolvencies and restructurings, we may experience service disruptions that prevent us from fulfilling collectors flight redemption requests. If one of our existing airline suppliers sharply reduces its fleet capacity and route network, we may not be able to satisfy our collectors demands for airline tickets. Tickets from other airlines, if available, could be more expensive than a comparable ticket under our current supply agreements with existing suppliers, and the routes offered by the other airlines may be inadequate, inconvenient or undesirable to the redeeming collectors. As a result, we may experience higher air travel redemption costs and collector satisfaction with the AIR MILES Reward Program might be adversely affected.
As a result of airline or travel industry disruptions, political instability, terrorist acts or war, some collectors could determine that air travel is too dangerous or burdensome. Consequently, collectors might forego redeeming AIR MILES reward miles for air travel and therefore might not participate in the AIR MILES Reward Program to the extent they previously did, which could adversely affect our revenue.
Legislation relating to consumer privacy may affect our ability to collect data that we use in providing our marketing services, which, among other things, could negatively affect our ability to satisfy our clients needs.
The enactment of new or amended legislation or industry regulations arising from public concern over consumer privacy issues could have a material adverse impact on our marketing services. Legislation or industry regulations regarding consumer privacy issues could place restrictions upon the collection, sharing and use of information that is currently legally available, which could materially increase our cost of collecting some data. These types of legislation or industry regulations could also prohibit us from collecting or disseminating certain types of data, which could adversely affect our ability to meet our clients requirements and our profitability and cash flow. In addition to the United States and Canadian regulations discussed below, we have recently expanded our marketing services through the acquisition of companies formed and operating in foreign jurisdictions that may be subject to additional or more stringent legislation and regulations regarding consumer privacy.
In the United States, federal and state laws such as the federal Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act and the Fair Credit Reporting Act, as amended by the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act of 2003, make it more difficult to collect, share and use information that has previously been legally available and may increase our costs of collecting some data. Regulations under these acts give cardholders the ability to opt out of having information generated by their credit card purchases shared with other affiliated and unaffiliated parties or the public. Our ability to gather, share and utilize this data will be adversely affected if a significant percentage of the consumers whose purchasing behavior we track elect to opt out, thereby precluding us and our affiliates from using their data.
In the United States, the federal Do-Not-Call Implementation Act makes it more difficult to telephonically communicate with prospective and existing customers. Regulations under this act give consumers the ability to
opt out, through a national do-not-call registry and state do-not-call registries of having telephone solicitations placed to them by companies that do not have an existing business relationship with the consumer. In addition, regulations require companies to maintain an internal do-not-call list for those who do not want the companies to solicit them through telemarketing. This act could limit our ability to provide services and information to our clients. Failure to comply with the terms of this act could have a negative impact on our reputation and subject us to significant penalties.
In the United States, the federal Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing Act of 2003 restricts our ability to send commercial electronic mail messages, the primary purpose of which is advertising or promoting a commercial product or service, to our customers and prospective customers. The act requires that a commercial electronic mail message provide the customers with an opportunity to opt-out from receiving future commercial electronic mail messages from the sender. Failure to comply with the terms of this act could have a negative impact on our reputation and subject us to significant penalties.
In Canada, the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act requires an organization to obtain a consumers consent to collect, use or disclose personal information. Under this act, consumer personal information may be used only for the purposes for which it was collected. We allow our customers to voluntarily opt out from receiving either one or both promotional and marketing mail or promotional and marketing electronic mail. Heightened consumer awareness of, and concern about, privacy may result in customers opting out at higher rates than they have historically. This would mean that a reduced number of customers would receive bonus and promotional offers and therefore those customers may collect fewer AIR MILES reward miles.
Risks Particular to Credit Services
If we are unable to securitize our credit card receivables due to changes in the market, the unavailability of credit enhancements, an early amortization event or for other reasons, we would not be able to fund new credit card receivables, which would have a negative impact on our operations and earnings.
Since January 1996, we have sold a majority of the credit card receivables originated by World Financial Network National Bank to WFN Credit Company, LLC and WFN Funding Company II, LLC, which in turn sold them to World Financial Network Credit Card Master Trust, World Financial Network Credit Card Master Note Trust and World Financial Network Credit Card Master Trust III (the WFN Trusts) as part of our securitization program. This securitization program is the primary vehicle through which we finance World Financial Network National Banks credit card receivables. If World Financial Network National Bank were not able to regularly securitize the receivables it originates, our ability to grow or even maintain our Retail business would be materially impaired. World Financial Network National Banks ability to effect securitization transactions is affected by the following factors, some of which are beyond our control:
In the second half of 2007, conditions in the securities market in general and the asset-backed securitization market in particular deteriorated significantly. If these conditions persist, deteriorate further or recur in the future, World Financial Network National Bank may not be able to securitize the receivables it originates on terms similar to those it has received historically, or at all. In particular, we have approximately $600.0 million of asset-backed notes that will become due in the second quarter of 2008. Our ability to refinance these notes on favorable terms or at all will depend upon our ability to continue to securitize our receivables, which will depend upon the conditions in the securities market at the time, as well as the other factors described above.
Once World Financial Network National Bank securitizes receivables, the agreement governing the transaction contains covenants that address the receivables performance and the continued solvency of the retailer where the underlying sales were generated. In the event such a covenant or other similar covenant is breached, an early amortization event could be declared, whereby the trustee for the securitization trust would retain World Financial Network National Banks interest in the related receivables, along with the excess interest income that would normally be paid to World Financial Network National Bank, until the securitization investors are fully repaid. The occurrence of an early amortization event would significantly limit, or even negate, our ability to securitize additional receivables.
Increases in net charge-offs beyond our current estimates could have a negative impact on our operating income and profitability.
The primary risk associated with unsecured consumer lending is the risk of default or bankruptcy of the borrower, resulting in the borrowers balance being charged-off as uncollectible. We rely principally on the customers creditworthiness for repayment of the loan and therefore have no other recourse for collection. We may not be able to successfully identify and evaluate the creditworthiness of cardholders to minimize delinquencies and losses. An increase in defaults or net charge-offs beyond historical levels will reduce the net spread available to us from the securitization master trust and could result in a reduction in finance charge income or a write-down of the interest-only strip, our retained interest in the securitization program represented in our consolidated balance sheets as due from securitization. General economic factors, such as the rate of inflation, unemployment levels and interest rates, may result in greater delinquencies that lead to greater credit losses. In addition to being affected by general economic conditions and the success of our collection and recovery efforts, our delinquency and net credit card receivable charge-off rates are affected by the credit risk of our credit card receivables and the average age of our various credit card account portfolios. The average age of our credit card receivables affects the stability of delinquency and loss rates of the portfolio. An older credit card portfolio generally drives a more stable performance in the portfolio. As of December 31, 2007, 60.5% of the total number of our securitized accounts with outstanding balances and 62.7% of the amount of our outstanding securitized receivables were for accounts with origination dates greater than 24 months old. For the year ended December 31, 2007, our managed receivables net charge-off ratio was 5.8% compared to 5.0% and 6.5% for the same period in 2006 and 2005, respectively. Our pricing strategy may not offset the negative impact on profitability caused by increases in delinquencies and losses. Any material increases in delinquencies and losses beyond our current estimates could have a materially adverse impact on us and the value of our net retained interests in loans that we sell through securitizations.
Changes in the amount of payments and defaults by cardholders on credit card balances may cause a decrease in the estimated value of interest-only strips.
The estimated fair value of our retained interest in our securitized credit card receivables, which we refer to as our interest-only strips, depends upon the anticipated cash flows of the related credit card receivables. A significant factor affecting the anticipated cash flows is the rate at which the underlying principal of the securitized credit card receivables is reduced. Other assumptions used in estimating the value of the interest-only strips include estimated future credit losses and a discount rate commensurate with the risks involved. The rate of cardholder payments or defaults on credit card balances may be affected by a variety of economic factors, including interest rates and the availability of alternative financing, most of which are not within our control. A decrease in interest rates could cause cardholder payments to increase, thereby requiring a write down of the interest-only strips. If payments from cardholders or defaults by cardholders exceed our estimates, we may be required to decrease the estimated value of the interest-only strips through a charge against earnings.
Interest rate increases could significantly reduce the amount we realize from the spread between the yield on our assets and our cost of funding.
Interest Rate Risk. Interest rate risk affects us directly in our lending and borrowing activities. Our total interest incurred was approximately $248.1 million for 2007, which includes both on-and off-balance sheet
transactions. Of this total, $80.2 million of the interest expense for 2007 was attributable to on-balance sheet indebtedness and the remainder was attributable to our securitized credit card receivables, which are financed off-balance sheet. To manage our risk from market interest rates, we actively monitor the interest rates and the interest sensitive components both on- and off-balance sheet to minimize the impact that changes in interest rates have on the fair value of assets, net income and cash flow. To achieve this objective, we manage our exposure to fluctuations in market interest rates by matching asset and liability repricings and through the use of fixed-rate debt instruments to the extent that reasonably favorable rates are obtainable with such arrangements. In addition, we enter into derivative financial instruments such as interest rate swaps and treasury locks to mitigate our interest rate risk on a related financial instrument or to lock the interest rate on a portion of our variable debt. We do not enter into derivative or interest rate transactions for trading or other speculative purposes. At December 31, 2007, we had $4.8 billion of debt, including $3.5 billion of off-balance sheet debt from our securitization program.
A 1.0% increase in interest rates would result in an estimated decrease to pretax income of approximately $10.0 million related to our debt. The foregoing sensitivity analysis is limited to the potential impact of an interest rate increase of 1.0% on cash flows and fair values, and does not address default or credit risk.
We expect growth in our credit services segment to result from new and acquired credit card programs whose credit card receivable performance could result in increased portfolio losses and negatively impact our net retained interests in receivables securitized.
We expect an important source of growth in our credit card operations to come from the acquisition of existing credit card programs and initiating credit card programs with retailers who do not currently offer a private label or co-branded retail card. Although we believe our pricing and models for determining credit risk are designed to evaluate the credit risk of existing programs and the credit risk we are willing to assume for acquired and start-up programs, we cannot assure you that the loss experience on acquired and start-up programs will be consistent with our more established programs. The failure to successfully underwrite these credit card programs may result in defaults greater than our expectations and could have a materially adverse impact on us and the value of our net retained interests in receivables securitized.
Current and proposed regulation and legislation relating to our credit services could limit our business activities, product offerings and fees charged.
Various federal and state laws and regulations significantly limit the retail credit services activities in which we are permitted to engage. Such laws and regulations, among other things, limit the fees and other charges that we can impose on consumers, limit or proscribe certain other terms of our products and services, require specified disclosures to consumers, or require that we maintain certain licenses, qualifications and minimum capital levels. In some cases, the precise application of these statutes and regulations is not clear. In addition,
numerous legislative and regulatory proposals are advanced each year which, if adopted, could have a materially adverse effect on our profitability or further restrict the manner in which we conduct our activities. The failure to comply with, or adverse changes in, the laws or regulations to which our business is subject, or adverse changes in their interpretation, could have a materially adverse effect on our ability to collect our receivables and generate fees on the receivables, thereby adversely affecting our profitability.
If our bank subsidiaries fail to meet certain criteria, we may become subject to regulation under the Bank Holding Company Act, which would force us to cease all of our non-banking activities and thus cause a drastic reduction in our profits and revenue.
If either of our depository institution subsidiaries failed to meet the criteria for the exemption from the definition of bank in the Bank Holding Company Act under which it operates (which exemptions are described below), and if we did not divest such depository institution upon such an occurrence, we would become subject to regulation under the Bank Holding Company Act. This would require us to cease certain of our activities that are not permissible for companies that are subject to regulation under the Bank Holding Company Act. One of our depository institution subsidiaries, World Financial Network National Bank, is a limited-purpose national credit card bank located in Ohio. World Financial Network National Bank will not be a bank as defined under the Bank Holding Company Act so long as it remains in compliance with the following requirements:
Our other depository institution subsidiary, World Financial Capital Bank, is a Utah industrial bank that is authorized to do business by the State of Utah and the FDIC. World Financial Capital Bank will not be a bank as defined under the Bank Holding Company Act so long as it remains an industrial bank in compliance with the following requirements:
If our industrial bank fails to meet the requirements of the FDIC or State of Utah, we may be subject to termination of our industrial bank.
Our industrial bank, World Financial Capital Bank, is authorized to do business by the State of Utah and the FDIC. World Financial Capital Bank is subject to capital ratios and paid-in capital minimums and must maintain adequate allowances for loan losses. If World Financial Capital Bank fails to meet the requirements of the FDIC or the State of Utah, it may be subject to termination as an industrial bank.
Risks Particular to Transaction Services
In 2007, our Transaction Services segment derived approximately 47.4% of its revenue from servicing cardholder accounts for the Credit Services segment. If the Credit Services segment suffered a significant client loss, our revenue and profitability attributable to the Transaction Services segment could be materially and adversely affected.
Our Transaction Services segment performs card processing and servicing activities for cardholder accounts generated by our Credit Services segment. During 2007, our Transaction Services segment derived $357.4 million, or 47.4% of its revenues, from these services for our Credit Services segment. The financial performance of our Transaction Services segment, therefore, is linked to the activities of our Credit Services segment. If the Credit Services segment were to lose a significant client, our revenue and profitability attributable to the Transaction Services segment could be materially and adversely affected.
As of December 31, 2007, we leased approximately 70 general office properties worldwide, comprising over 2.6 million square feet. These facilities are used to carry out our operational, sales and administrative functions. Our principal facilities are as follows:
We believe our current and proposed facilities are suitable to our businesses and that we will be able to lease, purchase or newly construct additional facilities as needed.
We are aware of litigation arising from what were originally four lawsuits filed against the Company and its directors in connection with the Merger. On May 18, 2007, Sherryl Halpern filed a putative class action (cause no. 07-04689) on behalf of Company stockholders in the 68th Judicial District of Dallas County, Texas against the Company, all of its directors and The Blackstone Group (the Halpern Petition). On May 21, 2007, Levy Investments, Ltd. (Levy) filed a purported derivative lawsuit (cause no. 219-01742-07) on behalf of the Company in the 219th Judicial District of Collin County, Texas against all of the Companys directors and The Blackstone Group (the Levy Petition) (this suit was subsequently transferred to the 296th Judicial District of Collin County, Texas and assumed the cause no. 296-01742-07). On May 29, 2007, Linda Levine filed a putative
class action (cause no. 07-05009) on behalf of Company stockholders in the 192nd Judicial District of Dallas County, Texas against the Company and all of its directors (the Levine Petition). On May 31, 2007, the J&V Charitable Remainder Trust filed a putative class action (cause no. 07-05127-F) on behalf of Company stockholders in the 116th Judicial District of Dallas County, Texas against the Company, all of its directors and The Blackstone Group (the J&V Petition).
The three putative class actions were consolidated in the 68th Judicial District Court of Dallas County, Texas (the Court) under the caption In re Alliance Data Corp. Class Action Litigation, No. 07-04689. On July 16, 2007, a consolidated class action petition was filed seeking a declaration that the action was a proper class action, an order preliminarily and permanently enjoining the Merger, a declaration that the director defendants breached their fiduciary duties and an award of fees, expenses and costs. The Company and its directors filed general denials in response to the putative class actions.
The derivative action filed by Levy was voluntarily dismissed and refiled in Dallas County (cause no. 07-06794), and was subsequently transferred to the Court. On July 18, 2007, Levy filed an amended derivative petition seeking an injunction preventing consummation of the Merger, an order directing the director defendants to exercise their fiduciary duties to obtain a transaction beneficial to the Company and its stockholders, a declaration that the Merger Agreement was entered into in breach of the director defendants fiduciary duties and is unlawful and unenforceable, an order rescinding the Merger Agreement, the imposition of a constructive trust upon any benefits improperly received by the director defendants and an award of costs and disbursements, including reasonable attorneys and experts fees. On July 24, 2007, the Company and its directors filed their Motion to Abate, Plea to the Jurisdiction and Special Exceptions to the derivative action.
On July 12, 2007, class plaintiffs filed a motion to enjoin the scheduled August 8, 2007 special meeting of stockholders at which stockholders would be asked to vote to adopt the Merger Agreement. On July 20, 2007, Levy filed a motion reflecting its similar demand. On July 27, 2007, the Company and its directors filed an opposition brief to both motions. The Company continued to deny all of the allegations in the consolidated class action petition and the amended derivative petition, contended that the asserted claims were baseless and strongly believed that its disclosures in the Companys definitive proxy statement filed with the SEC on July 5, 2007 (the Definitive Proxy) were appropriate and adequate under applicable law. Nevertheless, in order to lessen the risk of any delay of the closing of the Merger as a result of the litigation, the Company made available to its stockholders certain additional information in connection with the Merger, which was filed with the SEC on July 27, 2007 and subsequently mailed to stockholders on or about July 28, 2007 (the Proxy Supplement). Class action and derivative plaintiffs subsequently withdrew their motions to enjoin the August 8, 2007 special meeting of stockholders.
Subsequently, on August 7, 2007, Levy filed an Application for Attorneys Fees, stating that the substantive issues in the case had been resolved and seeking $750,000 in attorneys fees. Levy alleged that its lawsuit caused the Company to issue the Proxy Supplement, which, Levy contended, contained material disclosures critical to the stockholders assessment of the fairness of the Merger. Levy filed a Second Amended Petition and Amended Application for Attorneys Fees on October 25, 2007, replacing Levy Investments with Yona Levy as plaintiff. In late December 2007, the parties reached a tentative settlement wherein the Company agreed to pay derivative plaintiffs counsel $290,000 as consideration for their contribution to the issuance of the Proxy Supplement. The settlement includes a mutual release between the Company and Yona Levy, in his individual capacity and in his derivative capacity as a stockholder of the Company. An order approving the settlement and a judgment dismissing the derivative claims were entered on January 31, 2008.
On August 14, 2007, class plaintiffs filed a Second Amended Petition, in which they withdrew all prior claims but added a claim for an equitable award of attorneys fees. Similar to Levy, class plaintiffs allege that their lawsuits caused the Company to issue the Proxy Supplement, and that the supplement constituted a benefit to the Company, its directors and stockholders for which class plaintiffs attorneys should be compensated. In mid-December 2007, the parties reached a tentative settlement wherein the Company agreed to pay class
plaintiffs counsel $380,000 as consideration for their contribution to the issuance of the Proxy Supplement. The parties are in the process of finalizing a stipulation of settlement, which must be approved by the Court.
We continue to contend that the disclosures in the Definitive Proxy were appropriate and adequate, and that we made the Proxy Supplement available to stockholders solely to lessen the risk of any delay of the closing of the Merger as a result of the litigation. We deny that the Proxy Supplement contained any material disclosures or constituted any benefit to the Company, its directors or its stockholders.
On January 30, 2008, we filed a lawsuit in the Delaware Court of Chancery against Aladdin Solutions, Inc. (f/k/a Aladdin Holdco, Inc.) and Aladdin Merger Sub, Inc. seeking specific performance of their respective obligations under the Merger Agreement, including covenants to use reasonable best efforts to obtain required regulatory approvals and to consummate the Merger. This lawsuit was filed in response to a written notice we received on January 25, 2008 from Aladdin Solutions, Inc. informing us that it did not anticipate the condition to closing the Merger relating to obtaining approvals from the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency would be satisfied. On February 8, 2008, we filed a notice to dismiss the lawsuit without prejudice in response to confirmation of the defendants commitment to work to consummate the Merger.
In addition, from time to time we are involved in various claims and lawsuits arising in the ordinary course of our business that we believe will not have a material adverse affect on our business or financial condition, including claims and lawsuits alleging breaches of our contractual obligations.
There were no matters submitted to a vote of the security holders during the fourth quarter of 2007.
Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and trades under the symbol ADS. The following table sets forth for the periods indicated the high and low composite per share prices as reported by the New York Stock Exchange.
As of February 22, 2008, the closing price of our common stock was $51.36 per share, there were 79,134,089 shares of our common stock outstanding, and there were approximately 60 holders of record of our common stock.
We have never declared or paid any dividends on our common stock, and we do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. We currently intend to retain future earnings, if any, to finance operations and the expansion of our business. Any future determination to pay cash dividends on our common stock will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will be dependent upon our financial condition, operating results, capital requirements and other factors that our board deems relevant. In addition, under the terms of our credit facilities and pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, we are restricted in the amount of any dividends or return of capital, other distribution, payment or delivery of property or cash to our common stockholders.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
During 2005 and 2006 our Board of Directors authorized three stock repurchase programs to acquire up to an aggregate of $900.0 million of our outstanding common stock through December 2008, as more fully described in the footnote to the table below. As of December 31, 2007, we had repurchased 8,605,552 shares of our common stock for approximately $403.3 million under these programs. The following table presents information with respect to those purchases of our common stock made during the three months ended December 31, 2007:
Equity Compensation Plan Information
The following table provides information as of December 31, 2007 with respect to shares of our common stock that may be issued under the 2003 Long Term Incentive Plan, the Amended and Restated Stock Option Plan, the 2005 Long Term Incentive Plan, the Executive Annual Incentive Plan or the Amended and Restated Employee Stock Purchase Plan:
The following graph compares the yearly percentage change in cumulative total stockholder return on our common stock since December 31, 2002, with the cumulative total return over the same period of (1) the S&P 500 Index and (2) a peer group selected by us.
The companies in the peer group are Affiliated Computer Services, Inc., American Express Company, Acxiom Corporation, Capital One Financial Corporation, Fidelity National Information Services, Inc., Convergys Corporation, DST Systems, Inc., Fiserv, Inc., Global Payments Inc., Harte-Hanks, Inc., MasterCard, Incorporated, The Western Union Company, and Total Systems Services, Inc. We excluded First Data Corporation from our peer group as it was acquired by affiliates of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. and ceased trading on the New York Stock Exchange in September 2007.
Pursuant to rules of the SEC, the comparison assumes $100 was invested on December 31, 2002 in our common stock and in each of the indices and assumes reinvestment of dividends, if any. Also pursuant to SEC rules, the returns of each of the companies in the peer group are weighted according to the respective companys stock market capitalization at the beginning of each period for which a return is indicated. Historical stock prices are not indicative of future stock price performance.
Our future filings with the SEC may incorporate information by reference, including this Form 10-K. Unless we specifically state otherwise, this Performance Graph shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference and shall not constitute soliciting material or otherwise be considered filed under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
SELECTED HISTORICAL CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL AND OPERATING INFORMATION
The following table sets forth our summary historical financial information for the periods ended and as of the dates indicated. You should read the following historical financial information along with Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in this Form 10-K. The fiscal year financial information included in the table below for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006, and 2005, respectively, is derived from audited financial statements. Information for the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003 can be found in our previously filed Annual Reports on Form 10-K.
We are a leading provider of data-driven and transaction-based marketing and customer loyalty solutions. We offer a comprehensive portfolio of integrated outsourced marketing solutions, including customer loyalty programs, database marketing services, marketing strategy consulting, analytics and creative services, permission-based email marketing and private label retail credit card programs. We focus on facilitating and managing interactions between our clients and their customers through a variety of consumer marketing channels, including in-store, catalog, mail, telephone and on-line. We capture data created during each customer interaction, analyze the data and leverage the insight derived from that data to enable clients to identify and acquire new customers, as well as to enhance customer loyalty. We believe that our services are becoming increasingly valuable as companies continue to shift their marketing resources away from traditional mass marketing campaigns toward more targeted marketing programs that provide measurable returns on marketing investments. We operate in three business segments: Marketing Services, Credit Services and Transaction Services.
Marketing Services. The Marketing Services segment generates revenue from our coalition loyalty program in Canada and targeted marketing services programs run by Epsilon.
In our AIR MILES Reward Program, we primarily collect fees from our clients based on the number of AIR MILES reward miles issued and, in limited circumstances, the number of AIR MILES reward miles redeemed. All of the fees collected for AIR MILES reward miles issued are deferred and recognized over time. AIR MILES reward miles issued and AIR MILES reward miles redeemed are the two primary drivers of loyalty services revenue and indicators of the success of the program. These two drivers are also important in the revenue recognition process.
Our AIR MILES Reward Program tends not to be significantly impacted by economic swings, because many of our sponsors are in non-discretionary retail categories such as grocery stores, gas stations and pharmacies. Additionally, we target the sponsors most loyal customers, who we believe are unlikely to significantly change their spending patterns. We are impacted by changes in the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and the Canadian dollar.
Epsilon is a leader in providing integrated direct marketing solutions that combine database marketing technology and analytics with a broad range of direct marketing services. Epsilon has over 500 clients, primarily in the financial services, specialty retail, hospitality and pharmaceutical end-markets. In 2006, we continued our expansion of the services we provide with the acquisition of DoubleClick Email Solutions, which strengthened
our presence in email communication solutions. With the acquisitions of iCom Information & Communications, Inc. (iCOM), a leading provider of consumer surveys, in early 2006, and CPC Associates, Inc. (CPC), a leading provider of new mover data, in the third quarter of 2006, Epsilon has also begun to expand its data product and services offerings. In addition, on February 1, 2007, we completed the acquisition of Abacus, which is a leading provider of data, data management and analytical services for the retail and catalog industry, as well as other sectors. As a result of these acquisitions, we can offer our clients full end-to-end solutions, including marketing strategy consulting, data services, database development and management, marketing analytics, creative design and delivery services such as email communications.
Credit Services. The Credit Services segment provides risk management solutions, account origination and funding services for our more than 85 private label retail card programs. Credit Services primarily generates revenue from securitization income, servicing fees from our securitization trusts and merchant discount fees. Private label credit sales and average managed receivables are the two primary drivers of revenue for this business unit.
During the fourth quarter of 2007, the Lane Bryant portfolio was taken in-house by Lane Bryants parent company. The loss of this client will impact our private label sales and our average managed receivables. It is expected that the loss of the Lane Bryant portfolio will reduce overall revenue growth to mid- to high- single digits for 2008 in the Credit Services segment, after which time, it is expected to return to normal levels.
The Credit Services segment is affected by increased outsourcing in targeted industries. The growing trend of outsourcing private label retail card programs leads to increased accounts and balances to finance. We focus our sales efforts on prime borrowers and do not target sub-prime borrowers. Additionally, economic trends can impact this segment. Interest expense is a significant component of operating costs for the securitization trusts. Over the last three years we have experienced a historically low interest rate environment. However, interest rates in 2007 and 2006 were slightly higher than rates in 2005.
During the fourth quarter of 2005, Congress enacted bankruptcy legislation which had a two-fold impact. First, an acceleration of bankruptcies occurred in late 2005 as the result of an increased number of cardholders filing for bankruptcy protection who would otherwise not have been eligible to file for protection under the new legislation. Second, under the new legislation it became more difficult for cardholders filing for bankruptcy to dispose of their obligations to creditors. The enactment of the bankruptcy laws had a positive impact in 2006 to our net charge-off rate, which was approximately 5.0% for 2006 as compared to 6.5% for 2005. The net charge-off rate for the year ended December 31, 2007 was 5.8% and we expect that the net charge-off rate for 2008 will be in the 6% range with costs of funds expected to remain consistent with 2007.
Transaction Services. The Transaction Services segment primarily generates revenue based on the number of statements generated, customer calls handled and transactions processed. Statements generated is the primary driver of revenue for this segment and represents the majority of revenue.
The Transaction Services segment is primarily affected by industry trends similar to Credit Services. Companies are increasingly outsourcing their non-core processes such as customer information systems, billing and customer care. We are impacted by this trend with our clients in utility services and issuer services.
When there are areas in our business units that no longer align with our strategy, we may explore the sale of those assets. On November 7, 2007 we sold ADS MB Corporation, which operated our mail services business. These mail services included personalized customer communications and intelligent inserting and commingling capabilities for clients in the financial services, healthcare, retail, government and utilities end markets.
Year in Review Highlights
Our results for the year ended 2007 included the following significant agreements and continued selective execution of our acquisition strategy:
Discussion of Critical Accounting Policies
Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting policies that are described in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements. The preparation of the consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We continually evaluate our judgments and estimates in determination of our financial condition and operating results. Estimates are based on information available as of the date of the financial statements and, accordingly, actual results could differ from these estimates, sometimes materially. Critical accounting policies and estimates are defined as those that are both most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and operating results and require managements most subjective judgments. The most critical accounting policies and estimates are described below.
Securitization of credit card receivables. We utilize a securitization program to finance a majority of the credit card receivables that we underwrite. We use our off-balance sheet securitization program to lower our cost of funds and more efficiently use capital. In a securitization transaction, we sell credit card receivables originated by our Credit Services segment to a trust and retain servicing rights to those receivables, an equity interest in the trust and an interest in the receivables. Our securitization trusts allow us to sell credit card receivables to the trusts on a daily basis. The securitization trusts are deemed to be qualifying special purpose entities under GAAP and are appropriately not included in our financial statements. Our interest in our securitization program is represented on our consolidated balance sheets as sellers interest (our interest in the receivables) and due from securitizations (our retained interests and credit enhancement components).
The trusts issue bonds in the capital markets and notes in private transactions. The proceeds from the bonds and other debt are used to fund the receivables, while cash collected from cardholders is used to finance new receivables and repay borrowings and related borrowing costs. The excess spread is remitted to us as securitization income.
Our retained interest, often referred to as an interest-only strip, is recorded at fair value. The fair value of our interest-only strip represents the present value of the anticipated cash flows we will receive over the estimated life of the receivables, which is 8.5 months. This anticipated excess cash flow consists of the excess of finance charges and past-due fees net of the sum of the return paid to bond and note holders, estimated contractual servicing fees and credit losses. Because there is not a highly liquid market for these assets, we estimate the fair value of the interest-only strip primarily based upon discount, payment and default rates, which is the method we assume that another market participant would use to purchase the interest-only strip. The fair value of the interest-only strip, and the corresponding gain or loss, will be impacted by the estimated excess spread over the following two or three quarters. The excess spread is impacted primarily by finance and late fees collected, net charge-offs and interest rates.
Changes in the fair value of the interest-only strip are reflected in our financial statements as additional gains related to new receivables originated and securitized or other comprehensive income related to mark-to-market changes of our residual interest.
In recording and accounting for interest-only strips, we make assumptions about rates of payments and defaults that we believe reasonably reflect economic and other relevant conditions that affect fair value. Due to subsequent changes in economic and other relevant conditions, the actual rates of principal payments and defaults generally differ from our initial estimates, and these differences could sometimes be material. If actual payment and default rates are higher than previously assumed, the value of the interest-only strip could be impaired and the decline in the fair value would be recorded in earnings. Further sensitivity information is provided in Note 8 of our audited consolidated financial statements.
We recognize the implicit forward contract to sell new receivables during a revolving period at its fair value at the time of sale. The implicit forward contract is entered into at the market rate and thus, its initial measure is
zero at inception. In addition, we do not mark the forward contract to fair value in accounting periods following the securitization because management has concluded that the fair value of the implicit forward contract in subsequent periods is not material. We believe that servicing fees received represent adequate compensation based on the amount currently demanded by the marketplace. Additionally, these fees are the same as would fairly compensate a substitute servicer should one be required and, thus, we neither record a servicing asset nor servicing liability.
AIR MILES Reward Program. Because management has determined that the earnings process is not complete at the time an AIR MILES reward mile is issued, the recognition of revenue on all fees received based on issuance is deferred. We allocate the proceeds from issuances of AIR MILES reward miles into two components based on the relative fair value of the related element:
Under certain of our contracts, a portion of the proceeds is paid to us at the issuance of AIR MILES reward miles and a portion is paid at the time of redemption. Under such contracts the proceeds received at issuance are initially deferred as service revenue and the revenue and earnings are recognized pro rata over the estimated life of an AIR MILES reward mile.
The amount of revenue recognized in a period is subject to the estimated life of an AIR MILES reward mile. Based on our historical analysis, we make a determination as to average life of an AIR MILES reward mile. The estimated life of an AIR MILES reward mile of 42 months and breakage of one-third has remained constant for all periods presented. Breakage and the life of an AIR MILES reward mile is based on managements estimate after viewing and analyzing various historical trends including vintage analysis, current run rates and other pertinent analysis. The estimated life of an AIR MILES reward mile and breakage is actively monitored by management and subject to external influences that may cause actual performance to differ from estimates.
We believe that the issuance and redemption of AIR MILES reward miles is influenced by the nature and volume of sponsors, the type of rewards offered, the overall health of the Canadian economy, the nature and extent of AIR MILES promotional activity in the marketplace and the extent of competing loyalty programs. These influences will primarily affect the average life of an AIR MILES reward mile. We do not believe that the estimated life will vary significantly over time, consistent with historical trends. The shortening of the life of an AIR MILES reward mile would accelerate the recognition of revenue and may affect the breakage rate. As of December 31, 2007, we had $828.3 million in deferred revenue related to the AIR MILES Reward Program that will be recognized in the future. Further information is provided in Note 11 of our audited consolidated financial statements.
Stock-based compensation. On January 1, 2006, we adopted the provisions of, and account for stock-based compensation in accordance with, Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (revised 2004), Share- Based Payment (SFAS No. 123(R)). We elected the modified-prospective method, under which prior periods are not revised for comparative purposes. Under the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS No. 123(R), stock based compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and is recognized ratably over the requisite service period.
We currently use a binomial lattice option pricing model to determine the fair value of stock options. The determination of the fair value of stock-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option pricing model is affected by our stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of complex and subjective variables. These variables include our expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors, risk-free interest rate and expected dividends.
We estimate the expected term of options granted by calculating the average term from our historical stock option exercise experience. We estimate the volatility of our common stock by using an implied volatility. We base the risk-free interest rate that we use in the option pricing model on a forward curve of risk free interest rates based on constant maturity rates provided by the U.S. Treasury. We have not paid and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future and therefore use an expected dividend yield of zero in the option pricing model. We are required to estimate forfeitures at the time of grant and revise those estimates in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. We use historical data to estimate pre-vesting option forfeitures and record stock-based compensation expense only for those awards that are expected to vest. All share-based payment awards are amortized on a straight-line basis over the awards requisite service periods, which are generally the vesting periods.
If factors change and we employ different assumptions for estimating stock-based compensation expense, the future periods may differ from what we have recorded in the current period and could affect our operating income, net income and net income per share.
See Note 15 of our audited consolidated financial statements for further information regarding the SFAS No. 123(R) disclosures.
Income Taxes. We account for uncertain tax positions in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes an interpretation of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109 (FIN No. 48). The application of income tax law is inherently complex. Laws and regulations in this area are voluminous and are often ambiguous. As such, we are required to make many subjective assumptions and judgments regarding our income tax exposures. Interpretations of, and guidance surrounding, income tax laws and regulations change over time. As such, changes in our subjective assumptions and judgments can materially affect amounts recognized in the consolidated balance sheets and statements of income. See Note 13 of our audited consolidated financial statements for additional detail on our uncertain tax positions and further information regarding FIN No. 48.
Our Transaction Services segment performs card processing and servicing activities related to our Credit Services segment. For this, our Transaction Services segment receives a fee equal to its direct costs before corporate overhead plus a margin. The margin is based on current estimated market rates for similar services. This fee represents an operating cost to the Credit Services segment and corresponding revenue for our Transaction Services segment. Inter-segment sales are eliminated upon consolidation. Revenues earned by our Transaction Services segment from servicing our Credit Services segment, and consequently paid by our Credit Services segment to our Transaction Services segment, are set forth opposite Other/eliminations in the tables presented in the annual comparisons in our Results of Operations.
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure equal to net income, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, plus stock compensation expense, provision for income taxes, interest expense, net, fair value loss on interest rate derivative, other expenses, impairment of long-lived assets, loss on the sale of assets, merger and other costs, depreciation and other amortization and amortization of purchased intangibles. Operating EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure equal to adjusted EBITDA plus the change in deferred revenue plus the change in redemption settlement assets. We have presented operating EBITDA because we use the financial measure to monitor compliance with financial covenants in our credit facilities and our senior note agreement. For the year ended December 31, 2007, senior debt-to-operating EBITDA was 1.2x compared to a maximum ratio of 2.75x permitted in our credit facilities and in our senior note agreements. Operating EBITDA to interest expense was 9.4x compared to a minimum ratio of 3.5x permitted in our credit facilities and 3.0x permitted in our senior note agreement. As discussed in more detail in the liquidity section of Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, our credit facilities and cash flows from operations are the two main sources of funding for our acquisition strategy and for our future working
capital needs and capital expenditures. As of December 31, 2007, we had borrowings of $421.0 million outstanding under the credit facilities, $500.0 million under our senior notes and had $417.0 million in unused borrowing capacity. We were in compliance with our covenants at December 31, 2007, and we expect to be in compliance with these covenants during the year ended December 31, 2008.
We use adjusted EBITDA as an integral part of our internal reporting to measure the performance of our reportable segments and to evaluate the performance of our senior management. Adjusted EBITDA is considered an important indicator of the operational strength of our businesses. Adjusted EBITDA eliminates the uneven effect across all business segments of considerable amounts of non-cash depreciation of tangible assets and amortization of certain intangible assets that were recognized in business combinations. A limitation of this measure, however, is that it does not reflect the periodic costs of certain capitalized tangible and intangible assets used in generating revenues in our businesses. Management evaluates the costs of such tangible and intangible assets, the impact of related impairments, as well as asset sales through other financial measures, such as capital expenditures, investment spending and return on capital and therefore the effects are excluded from Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA also eliminates the non-cash effect of stock compensation expense. Stock compensation expense is not included in the measurement of segment adjusted EBITDA provided to the chief operating decision maker for purposes of assessing segment performance and decision making with respect to resource allocations. Therefore, we believe that adjusted EBITDA provides useful information to our investors regarding our performance and overall results of operations. Adjusted EBITDA and operating EBITDA are not intended to be performance measures that should be regarded as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, either operating income or net income as an indicator of operating performance or to cash flows from operating activities as a measure of liquidity. In addition, adjusted EBITDA and operating EBITDA are not intended to represent funds available for dividends, reinvestment or other discretionary uses, and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures of performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. The adjusted EBITDA and operating EBITDA measures presented in this Annual Report on Form 10-K may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies, and may not be identical to corresponding measures used in our various agreements.
Note: An increase in deferred revenue has a positive impact to Operating EBITDA, while an increase in redemption settlement assets has a negative impact to Operating EBITDA. Change in deferred revenue and change in redemption settlement assets are affected by fluctuations in foreign exchange rates. Change in redemption settlement assets is also affected by the timing of receipts and transfers of cash.
Results of Operations
Year ended December 31, 2007 compared to the year ended December 31, 2006
Revenue. Total revenue increased $292.4 million, or 14.6%, to $2,291.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2007 from $1,998.7 million for the comparable period in 2006. The increase was due to a 28.0% increase in Marketing Services revenue and a 10.5% increase in Credit Services revenue, offset by a 2.9% decrease in Transaction Services revenue as follows:
Operating Expenses. For purposes of the discussion below, total operating expenses excludes stock compensation expense, depreciation expense, amortization expense, impairment charges, merger and other costs. Total operating expenses increased $165.1 million, or 11.1%, to $1,648.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2007 from $1,483.4 million during the comparable period in 2006. Adjusted EBITDA margin increased to 28.1% for the year ended December 31, 2007 from 25.8% for the comparable period in 2006 due to increased adjusted EBITDA margins across Marketing Services and Credit Services, offset by a decrease in adjusted EBITDA margin for Transaction Services.
Operating Income. Operating income decreased $3.0 million, or 0.9%, to $344.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2007 from $347.3 million during the comparable period in 2006. Operating income decreased primarily as a result of the impairment of long-lived assets, the loss on the sale of our Mail Services division, as well as the revenue and expense factors discussed above.
Interest Income. Interest income increased $4.1 million, or 62.1%, to $10.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2007 from $6.6 million for the comparable period in 2006 due to higher average balances of our short-term cash investments.
Interest Expense. Interest expense increased $32.6 million, or 68.5%, to $80.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2007 from $47.6 million for the comparable period in 2006. Interest expense on core debt, which includes our credit facilities and senior notes, increased $30.6 million as a result of additional borrowings to fund our recent acquisitions and our stock repurchase program, offset slightly by a decrease in interest rates from the comparable period in 2006. Interest on our certificates of deposit increased by $3.3 million, which was impacted by higher average balances and an increase in interest rates.
Taxes. Income tax expense decreased $6.0 million to $110.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2007 from $116.7 million for the comparable period in 2006 due to a decrease in taxable income. Our effective tax rate increased to 40.3% for the year ended December 31, 2007 compared to 38.1% for the comparable period in 2006, primarily due to a decrease in taxable income in certain jurisdictions, certain non-deductible expenses incurred in 2007 and changes in legislation enacted in various states and Canada.
Year ended December 31, 2006 compared to the year ended December 31, 2005
Revenue. Total revenue increased $446.3 million, or 28.7%, to $1,998.7 million for 2006 from $1,552.4 million for 2005. The increase was due to a 40.6% increase in Marketing Services, a 30.3% increase in Credit Services revenue, and a 10.9% increase in Transaction Services revenue, as follows:
Operating Expenses. Total operating expenses, excluding depreciation, amortization and stock compensation expense increased $281.4 million, or 23.4%, to $1,483.4 million for 2006 from $1,202.0 million for 2005. Total adjusted EBITDA margin increased to 25.8% for 2006 from 22.6% for 2005. The increase in adjusted EBITDA margin is due to increases in all of our segments. The EBITDA margin across our segments was positively impacted by corporate overhead as general and administrative costs remained flat between years. We were able to leverage our corporate infrastructure as revenues increased.
Operating Income. Operating income increased $110.7 million, or 46.8%, to $347.3 million for 2006 from $236.6 million for 2005. Operating income increased primarily from revenue gains and an increase in adjusted EBITDA margins partially offset by an increase in depreciation and amortization and stock compensation expense.
Interest Income. Interest income increased $2.6 million, or 64.2%, to $6.6 million for 2006 from $4.0 million for 2005 due to higher average balances of our short term cash investments, as well as an increase of the yield earned.
Interest Expense. Interest expense increased $29.1 million, or 157.3%, to $47.6 million for 2006 from $18.5 million for 2005 due to higher average balances under our credit facilities and certificates of deposit. Interest expense on core debt, which includes the credit facility and senior notes, increased $20.0 million as a result of additional borrowings to fund our stock repurchase program and the acquisitions of ICOM, DoubleClick and CPC and an increase in interest rates from the comparable period in 2005. Interest on certificates of deposit increased $7.3 million due to growth in on-balance sheet receivables which was primarily associated with financing of the Blair portfolio acquisition completed in November 2005.
Provision for Income Taxes. The provision for income taxes increased $33.3 million to $116.7 million in 2006 from $83.4 million in 2005 primarily due to an increase in taxable income. Our effective tax rate increased to 38.1% in 2006 compared to 37.5% in 2005 primarily as a result of changes in tax legislation in Texas and Canada.
Our delinquency and net charge-off rates reflect, among other factors, the credit risk of our private label credit card receivables, the average age of our various private label credit card account portfolios, the success of our collection and recovery efforts, and general economic conditions. The average age of our private label credit card portfolio affects the stability of delinquency and loss rates of the portfolio. We continue to focus resources on refining our credit underwriting standards for new accounts and on collections and post charge-off recovery efforts to minimize net losses.
An older private label credit card portfolio generally drives a more stable performance in the portfolio. At December 31, 2007, 60.5% of securitized accounts with balances and 62.7% of securitized receivables were for accounts with origination dates greater than 24 months old. At December 31, 2006, 58.3% of securitized accounts with balances and 61.4% of securitized receivables were for accounts with origination dates greater than 24 months old. As of December 31, 2007, our allowance for doubtful accounts related to on-balance sheet private label and co-branded credit card receivables was $38.7 million compared to $45.9 million as of December 31, 2006. The decrease in the allowance for doubtful accounts was primarily the result of improved seasoning of accounts with certain of our private label credit card portfolios.
Delinquencies. A credit card account is contractually delinquent if we do not receive the minimum payment by the specified due date on the cardholders statement. It is our policy to continue to accrue interest and fee income on all credit card accounts beyond 90 days, except in limited circumstances, until the account balance and all related interest and other fees are paid or charged off, typically at 180 days delinquent. When an account becomes delinquent, we print a message on the cardholders billing statement requesting payment. After an account becomes 30 days past due, a proprietary collection scoring algorithm automatically scores the risk of the account rolling to a more delinquent status. The collection system then recommends a collection strategy for the past due account based on the collection score and account balance and dictates the contact schedule and collections priority for the account. If we are unable to make a collection after exhausting all in-house efforts, we engage collection agencies and outside attorneys to continue those efforts. Delinquency rates subsequent to the 2005 bankruptcy reform legislation have generally risen as it has become more difficult to file for bankruptcy protection under the law.
The following table presents the delinquency trends of our managed credit card portfolio:
Net Charge-Offs. Net charge-offs comprise the principal amount of losses from cardholders unwilling or unable to pay their account balances, as well as bankrupt and deceased cardholders, less current period recoveries. The following table presents our net charge-offs for the periods indicated on a managed basis. Average managed receivables represent the average balance of the cardholders at the beginning of each month in the year indicated.
The net charge-off rate during 2006 was impacted by abnormally low credit losses resulting from the enactment of bankruptcy reform legislation during the fourth quarter of 2005. Although we continued to benefit from the impact of the legislation in our 2007 results, the impact is significantly less than in 2006.
Age of Portfolio. The median age of the portfolio is approximately 36 months. The following table sets forth, as of December 31, 2007, the number of securitized accounts with balances and the related balances outstanding, based upon the age of the securitized accounts:
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Operating Activities. We have historically generated cash flows from operations, although that amount may vary based on fluctuations in working capital and the timing of merchant settlement activity. Our operating cash flow is seasonal, with cash utilization peaking at the end of December due to increased activity in our Credit Services segment related to holiday retail sales.
Net change in credit card portfolio activity represents the difference in portfolios purchased from new clients and their subsequent sale to our securitization trusts. There is typically a several month lag between the purchase and sale of credit card portfolios. Merchant settlement activity is driven by the number of days of float at the end of the period. For these purposes, float means the difference between the number of days we hold cash before remitting the cash to our merchants and the number of days the card associations hold cash before remitting the cash to us. Merchant settlement activity fluctuates significantly depending on the day in which the period ends.
We generated cash flow from operating activities before changes in credit card portfolio activity and merchant settlement activity of $461.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2007 compared to $376.8 million for the comparable period in 2006 or a 22.6% increase. The increase in operating cash flows before changes in credit card portfolio activity and merchant settlement activity is primarily related to an increase in net income as adjusted for non-cash charges. We utilize our cash flow from operations for ongoing business operations, acquisitions and capital expenditures.
Investing Activities. We use a significant portion of our cash flows from operations for acquisitions and capital expenditures. We utilized cash flow from investing activities of $694.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2007 compared to $543.0 million for the comparable period in 2006. Significant components of investing activities are as follows:
Financing Activities. Our cash flows provided by financing activities were $197.1 million in 2007 compared to $112.3 million provided by financing activities in 2006. Our financing activities for 2007 relate to borrowings and repayments of debt in the normal course of business, business acquisitions, $108.5 million for the repurchase of our common stock on the open market, proceeds from certain sales-lease back transactions and proceeds from the exercise of stock options.
Liquidity Sources. In addition to cash generated from operating activities, we have five main sources of liquidity: securitization program, certificates of deposit issued by World Financial Network National Bank and World Financial Capital Bank, our credit facilities and issuances of equity securities. We believe that internally generated funds and existing sources of liquidity are sufficient to meet working capital needs, capital expenditures, and other business requirements, excluding the Merger, for at least the next 12 months.
If the Merger is consummated, we expect it will have a significant impact on liquidity and capital resources. Parent and Merger Sub have obtained equity and debt financing commitments for the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, the proceeds of which, together with the available cash, will be sufficient for Parent and Merger Sub to pay the aggregate merger consideration and all related fees and expenses of the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement.
Securitization Program and Off-Balance Sheet Transactions. Since January 1996, we have sold, sometimes through WFN Credit Company, LLC and WFN Funding Company II, LLC, a majority of credit card receivables owned by our credit card bank, World Financial Network National Bank, World Financial Network Credit Card Master Trust, World Financial Network Credit Card Master Note Trust, World Financial Network Credit Card Master Trust II and World Financial Network Credit Card Master Trust III, which we refer to as the WFN Trusts as part of our securitization program. This securitization program is the primary vehicle through which we finance our private label credit card receivables. The following table shows expected maturities for borrowing commitments of the WFN Trusts under our securitization program by year:
As of December 31, 2007, the WFN Trusts had over $3.7 billion of securitized credit card receivables. Securitizations require credit enhancements in the form of cash, spread deposits and additional receivables. The credit enhancement is principally based on the outstanding balances of the series issued by the WFN Trusts and by the performance of the private label credit cards in the securitization trust. During the period from November to January, the WFN Trusts are required to maintain a credit enhancement level of between 6% and 10% of securitized credit card receivables. Certain of the WFN Trusts are required to maintain a level of between 4% and 9% for the remainder of the year.
Certificates of Deposit. We utilize certificates of deposit to finance the operating activities and fund securitization enhancement requirements of our credit card bank subsidiaries, World Financial Network National Bank and World Financial Capital Bank. World Financial Network National Bank and World Financial Capital Bank issue certificates of deposit in denominations of $100,000 in various maturities ranging between three months and two years and with effective annual fixed rates ranging from 5.0% to 5.7%. As of December 31, 2007, we had $370.4 million of certificates of deposit outstanding. Certificate of deposit borrowings are subject to regulatory capital requirements.
Credit Facilities. On January 24, 2007, we entered into a bridge loan that provides for loans in a maximum amount of $400.0 million. At the closing of the bridge loan, we borrowed $300.0 million for general corporate purposes including the repayment of debt and the financing of permitted acquisitions. The bridge loan included an uncommitted accordion feature of up to $100.0 million allowing for future borrowings, subject to certain conditions.
On July 6, 2007, we entered into a first amendment to the bridge loan to extend the maturity date from July 24, 2007 to December 31, 2007. On December 21, 2007, we entered into a second amendment to the bridge loan which extended the maturity date from December 31, 2007 to March 31, 2008 and eliminated the uncommitted accordion feature, which had allowed for future borrowings up to $100.0 million, subject to certain conditions. In addition, the second amendment adjusts the margin applicable to base rate loans and Eurodollar loans to those set forth below. We anticipate renewing or refinancing the bridge loan prior to March 31, 2008. If we are not able to refinance the bridge loan, we would expect to repay the amounts from available cash and borrowings under our consolidated credit facility.
The interest rate for base rate loans fluctuates and is equal to the higher of (A) the Bank of Montreals prime rate and (B) the Federal funds rate plus 0.5% plus a margin of (1) 0.0% to 0.2% for the period from January 1 to January 31, 2008; (2) 0.0% to 0.45% for the period from February 1 to February 29, 2008; and (3) 0.1% to 0.70% for the period from March 1 to March 31, 2008, based upon our Senior Leverage Ratio as defined in the bridge loan. The interest rate for Eurodollar loans fluctuates based on the London interbank offered rate plus a margin of (1) 1.1% to 1.7% for the period from January 1 to January 31, 2008; (2) 1.35% to 1.95% for the period from February 1 to February 29, 2008; and (3) 1.6% to 2.2% for the period from March 1 to March 31, 2008, based upon our Senior Leverage Ratio as defined in the bridge loan.
In March 2007, we amended our consolidated credit facility. The amendment extended the lending commitments which were scheduled to terminate on September 29, 2011 to March 30, 2012. In addition, the amendment adjusted the Senior Leverage Ratio applicable to the various levels set forth in the agreement and the margin applicable to Eurodollar loans. After giving effect to the amendment, the interest rate for Eurodollar loans denominated in U.S. or Canadian Dollars fluctuates based on the rate at which deposits of U.S. Dollars or Canadian Dollars, respectively, in the London interbank market are quoted plus a margin of 0.4% to 0.8% based upon the Senior Leverage Ratio as defined in the consolidated credit facility.
We were in compliance with the covenants under our credit facilities at December 31, 2007.
Senior Notes. On October 22, 2007, the Company entered into an amendment in respect of the Note Purchase Agreement with all of the Holders (as defined in the Note Purchase Agreement) providing for a mandatory prepayment of all of the Notes on the date that the Merger is consummated. The Notes would be
repaid at 100% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of prepayment and the Make-Whole Amount (as defined in the Note Purchase Agreement) as determined for the prepayment date in accordance with the terms of the amendment. The obligation of the Company to prepay the Notes pursuant to the terms of the amendment was subject to and conditioned upon the occurrence of the Merger on or prior to January 1, 2008 and therefore is void and of no further force and effect since the Merger did not close on or prior to that date.
We utilize our credit facilities and excess cash flows from operations to support our acquisition strategy and to fund working capital and capital expenditures. However, we will incur significant indebtedness in order to complete the Merger and our future financing needs will be materially impacted by the Merger. Future indebtedness may impose various restrictions and covenants on us that could limit our ability to respond to market conditions or take advantage of business opportunities. If the Merger is consummated, our ability to fund working capital, capital expenditures, debt service, strategic acquisitions, and other investments will depend on our ability to generate cash flows from operations, which is subject to general economic, financial, competitive, regulatory and other factors that are not within our control.
At December 31, 2007, we had borrowings of $421.0 million outstanding under the consolidated credit facility and the bridge loan, with a weighted average interest rate of 7.2%, $500.0 million under our senior notes, $2.0 million of standby letters of credit outstanding, and we had available unused borrowing capacity of approximately $416.9 million. The credit facility limits our aggregate outstanding letters of credit to $50.0 million. Additional details regarding our credit facilities and senior notes are set forth in Note 12 Debt of our audited consolidated financial statements.
Repurchase of Equity Securities. During 2007, 2006, and 2005, we repurchased approximately 1.8 million, 2.9 million and 3.9 million shares of our common stock for an aggregate amount of $108.5 million, $146.0 million and $148.8 million, respectively. We have Board authorization to purchase an additional $496.7 million of our common stock through 2008.
Per the terms of the Merger Agreement, we agreed that from May 17, 2007 until the effective time of the Merger or the expiration or termination of the Merger Agreement, with certain exceptions, we would not purchase any of our capital stock. Accordingly we have suspended any repurchases under our stock repurchase programs or otherwise. Debt covenants in the consolidated credit facility restrict the amount of funds that we have available for repurchases of our common stock in any calendar year. The limitation for each calendar year was $200.0 million beginning with 2006, increasing to a maximum of $250.0 million in 2007 and $300.0 million in 2008, conditioned on certain increases in our Consolidated Operating EBITDA as defined in the consolidated credit facility.
Contractual Obligations. The following table highlights, as of December 31, 2007, our contractual obligations and commitments to make future payments by type and period:
We believe that we will have access to sufficient resources to meet these commitments.
Inflation and Seasonality
Although we cannot precisely determine the impact of inflation on our operations, we do not believe that we have been significantly affected by inflation. For the most part, we have relied on operating efficiencies from scale and technology, as well as decreases in technology and communication costs, to offset increased costs of employee compensation and other operating expenses. Our revenues and earnings are favorably affected by increased consumer spending patterns leading up to and including the holiday shopping period in the fourth quarter and, to a lesser extent, during the first quarter as credit card balances are paid down.
World Financial Network National Bank is subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by the OCC. World Financial Capital Bank is subject to regulatory capital requirements administered by both the FDIC and the State of Utah. Failure to meet minimum capital requirements can trigger certain mandatory and possibly additional discretionary actions by regulators that, if undertaken, could have a material adverse effect on our financial statements. Under the FDICs order approving World Financial Capital Banks application for deposit insurance, World Financial Capital Bank must meet specific capital ratios and paid-in capital minimums and must maintain adequate allowances for loan losses. If World Financial Capital Bank fails to meet the terms of the FDICs order, the FDIC may withdraw insurance coverage from World Financial Capital Bank, and the State of Utah may withdraw its approval of World Financial Capital Bank. Under capital adequacy guidelines
and the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action, World Financial Network National Bank must meet specific capital guidelines that involve quantitative measures of its assets, liabilities and certain off-balance sheet items as calculated under regulatory accounting practices. The capital amounts and classification are also subject to qualitative judgments by the regulators about components, risk weightings and other factors. World Financial Network National Bank is limited in the amounts that it can pay as dividends to us.
Quantitative measures established by regulations to ensure capital adequacy require World Financial Network National Bank to maintain minimum amounts and ratios of total and Tier 1 capital to risk weighted assets and of Tier 1 capital to average assets. Under the regulations, a well capitalized institution must have a Tier 1 capital ratio of at least 6%, a total capital ratio of at least 10% and a leverage ratio of at least 5% and not be subject to a capital directive order. An adequately capitalized institution must have a Tier 1 capital ratio of at least 4%, a total capital ratio of at least 8% and a leverage ratio of at least 4%, but 3% is allowed in some cases. Under these guidelines, World Financial Network National Bank is considered well capitalized. As of December 31, 2007, World Financial Network National Banks Tier 1 capital ratio was 35.0%, total capital ratio was 36.7% and leverage ratio was 51.6%, and World Financial Network National Bank was not subject to a capital directive order. On April 22, 2005, World Financial Capital Bank received non-disapproval notification for a modification of the original three-year business plan. The letter of non-disapproval was issued jointly by the State of Utah and the FDIC. World Financial Capital Bank, under the terms of the letter, must maintain total risk-based capital equal to or exceeding 10% of total risk-based assets and must maintain Tier 1 capital to total assets ratio of not less than 16%. Both capital ratios were maintained at or above the indicated levels until the end of the banks de novo period on November 30, 2006.
As part of an acquisition in 2003 by World Financial Network National Bank, which required approval by the OCC, the OCC required World Financial Network National Bank to enter into an operating agreement with the OCC and a capital adequacy and liquidity maintenance agreement with us. The operating agreement requires World Financial Network National Bank to continue to operate in a manner consistent with its current practices, regulatory guidelines and applicable law, including those related to affiliate transactions, maintenance of capital and corporate governance. This operating agreement has not required any changes in World Financial Network National Banks operations. The capital adequacy and liquidity maintenance agreement memorializes our current obligations to World Financial Network National Bank.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In September 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 157, Fair Value Measurements (SFAS No. 157). SFAS No. 157 establishes a new definition of fair value as well as a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the information used to develop the assumptions, and requires new disclosures of assets and liabilities measured at fair value based on their level in the hierarchy. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007. In December 2007, the FASB proposed a one-year deferral for non-financial assets and liabilities to comply with SFAS No. 157. We are currently in the process of evaluating the effect that the adoption of SFAS No. 157 will have on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
In February 2007, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 159, Establishing the Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Liabilities (SFAS No. 159), to permit all entities to choose to elect to measure eligible financial instruments at fair value. SFAS No. 159 applies to fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007, with early adoption permitted for an entity that has also elected to apply the provisions of SFAS No. 157. An entity is prohibited from retrospectively applying SFAS No. 159, unless it chooses early adoption. We are currently in the process of evaluating the effect that the adoption of SFAS No. 159 will have on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
In December 2007, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 141 (revised 2007) (SFAS No. 141R), Business Combinations and Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 160 Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements, an amendment of Accounting Research Bulletin
No. 51 (SFAS No. 160). SFAS No. 141R will change how business acquisitions are accounted for and will impact financial statements both on the acquisition date and in subsequent periods. SFAS No. 160 will change the accounting and reporting for minority interests, which will be recharacterized as noncontrolling interests and classified as a component of equity. Both statements are required to be adopted for the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is prohibited. We are currently evaluating the impact that SFAS No. 141R and SFAS No. 160 will have on our consolidated financial statements.
Market risk is the risk of loss from adverse changes in market prices and rates. Our primary market risks include off-balance sheet risk, interest rate risk, credit risk, foreign currency exchange rate risk and redemption reward risk.
Off-Balance Sheet Risk. We are subject to off-balance sheet risk in the normal course of business, including commitments to extend credit and through our securitization program. We sell substantially all of our credit card receivables to the WFN Trusts, qualifying special purpose entities. The trusts enter into interest rate swaps to reduce the interest rate sensitivity of the securitization transactions. The securitization program involves elements of credit, market, interest rate, legal and operational risks in excess of the amount recognized on the balance sheet through our retained interests in the securitization and the interest-only strips.
Interest Rate Risk. Interest rate risk affects us directly in our lending and borrowing activities. Our total interest incurred was approximately $248.1 million for 2007, which includes both on-and off-balance sheet transactions. Of this total, $80.2 million of the interest expense for 2007 was attributable to on-balance sheet indebtedness and the remainder to our securitized credit card receivables, which are financed off-balance sheet. To manage our risk from market interest rates, we actively monitor the interest rates and the interest sensitive components both on- and off-balance sheet to minimize the impact that changes in interest rates have on the fair value of assets, net income and cash flow. To achieve this objective, we manage our exposure to fluctuations in market interest rates by matching asset and liability repricings and through the use of fixed-rate debt instruments to the extent that reasonably favorable rates are obtainable with such arrangements. In addition, we enter into derivative financial instruments such as interest rate swaps and treasury locks to mitigate our interest rate risk on a related financial instrument or to lock the interest rate on a portion of our variable debt. We do not enter into derivative or interest rate transactions for trading or other speculative purposes. At December 31, 2007, we had $4.8 billion of debt, including $3.5 billion of off-balance sheet debt from our securitization program.
The approach we use to quantify interest rate risk is a sensitivity analysis which we believe best reflects the risk inherent in our business. This approach calculates the impact on pretax income from an instantaneous and sustained increase in interest rates of 1.0%. In 2007, a 1.0% increase in interest rates would have resulted in a decrease to fiscal year pretax income of approximately $10.0 million. Conversely, a corresponding decrease in
interest rates would have resulted in a comparable increase to pretax income. Our use of this methodology to quantify the market risk of financial instruments should not be construed as an endorsement of its accuracy or the appropriateness of the related assumptions.
Credit Risk. We are exposed to credit risk relating to the credit card loans we make to our clients customers. Our credit risk relates to the risk that consumers using the private label credit cards that we issue will not repay their revolving credit card loan balances. We have developed credit risk models designed to identify qualified consumers who fit our risk parameters. To minimize our risk of loan write-offs, we control approval rates of new accounts and related credit limits and follow strict collection practices. We monitor the buying limits, as well as set pricing regarding fees and interest rates charged.
Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk. We are exposed to fluctuations in the exchange rate between the U.S. and the Canadian dollar through our significant Canadian operations. We do not hedge any of our net investment exposure in our Canadian subsidiary. A 1% increase in the Canadian exchange rate would have resulted in an increase in pretax income of $1.2 million. Conversely, a corresponding decrease in the exchange rate would result in a comparable decrease to pretax income.
Redemption Reward Risk. Through our AIR MILES Reward Program, we are exposed to potentially increasing reward costs associated primarily with travel rewards. To minimize the risk of rising travel reward costs, we:
A 1% increase in the cost of redemptions would have resulted in a decrease in pretax income of $3.0 million. Conversely, a corresponding decrease in the cost of redemptions would result in a comparable increase to pretax income.
Our consolidated financial statements begin on page F-1 of this Form 10-K.
Conclusion Regarding the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As of December 31, 2007, we carried out an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that as of December 31, 2007, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective. Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed
in our reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commissions rules and forms and include controls and procedures designed to ensure that information we are required to disclose in such reports is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Managements Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our internal controls over financial reporting are designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree or compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Our evaluation of and conclusion on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2007 did not include the internal controls of Abacus, because of the timing of the acquisition, which was completed in February 2007. As of December 31, 2007, this entity constituted approximately $404.7 million of total assets, $112.2 million of revenues and $9.7 million of net income for the year then ended.
Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. In conducting this evaluation, management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal ControlIntegrated Framework. Based on our evaluation and those criteria, our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2007.
During 2007, we completed the process of converting Abacuss legacy general ledger platform to the platform utilized by the majority of our business units. There have been no other changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2007 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
The effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2007, has been audited by Deloitte & Touche, LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm who also audited our consolidated financial statements. Deloitte & Touches attestation report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting appears on page F-3.
Incorporated by reference to the Proxy Statement for the 2008 Annual Meeting of our stockholders, which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after December 31, 2007.
Incorporated by reference to the Proxy Statement for the 2008 Annual Meeting of our stockholders, which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after December 31, 2007.
Incorporated by reference to the Proxy Statement for the 2008 Annual Meeting of our stockholders, which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after December 31, 2007.