These excerpts taken from the AMZN 8-K filed Feb 2, 2005.
Consolidated Segment Operating Income
We measure operating results of our segments using an internal performance measure of direct segment operating expenses that excludes:
These operating expense line items are not allocated to segment results, and all other centrally-incurred operating costs are fully allocated to segment results. The sum of our individual segment results is consolidated segment operating income, which we reconcile to GAAP operating income. Pursuant to SEC staff interpretations of Regulation G, when presented in our financial statement footnotes, consolidated segment operating income is a GAAP financial measure; however, since we also present this financial measure outside the context of our financial statement footnotes, we have included this financial measure in our discussion of non-GAAP financial measures.
Our management believes that consolidated segment operating income (loss) is useful and meaningful to investors because consolidated segment operating income (loss), together with pro forma net income (loss), and
ratios based on them, are the primary measures of profitability that we use to manage and evaluate our business operations and overall financial performance. Our management evaluates consolidated segment operating income (loss) because it excludes certain cash and non-cash items that are either beyond our immediate control or that we believe are not characteristic of our underlying business operations for the period in which they are recorded, or both.
Items Excluded From Consolidated Segment Operating Income
We exclude stock-based compensation for the following reasons:
We record the employer portion of payroll tax expense, a cash expense, resulting from exercises of stock-based awards in Fulfillment, Marketing, Technology and content, and General and administrative on our consolidated statements of operations and do not include such expenses in Stock-based compensation.
Other Operating Expense (Income)
We exclude other operating expense (income), including amortization of other intangibles and restructuring-related and other, which are cash and non-cash items for the following reasons:
Impairment of Goodwill
If, in the future, we incur impairment losses on our goodwill, such charges would be excluded from consolidated segment operating income since they would be non-cash, and not in the immediate control of management. We have elected to perform our annual analysis during the fourth quarter of each year. No indicators of impairment were identified during the twelve months ended December 31, 2004.
Limitations of Consolidated Segment Operating Income
Consolidated segment operating income has certain limitations. First, because it excludes Stock-based compensation, the financial measure does not include all expenses primarily related to our workforce. We
compensate for this limitation by providing supplemental information about stock-based compensation on the face of our consolidated statements of operations and in the footnotes to our financial statements. We also provide supplemental information about outstanding stock-based awards, including their dilutive effect on shareholders, in the footnotes to our financial statements.
Second, consolidated segment operating income excludes Other Operating Expense (Income). For companies that periodically undergo restructuring events, excluding restructuring-related costs from performance measures could provide an incomplete summary of ongoing costs that would affect future cash flows. However, we compensate for this limitation by disclosing cash flow measures, including operating cash flow, that incorporate all ongoing cash obligations associated with our January 2001 restructuring event and by providing disclosure of future estimated cash flows and remaining commitments associated with this event. Since we have initiated in the second quarter of 2004 a restructuring event in Europe, we have re-evaluated our decision to exclude such charges from our consolidated segment operating income. We have determined that it continues to be appropriate since it has been over two years since our last restructuring event, and we do not anticipate another restructuring event in the next two years. There can, however, be no assurance that we will not undertake another restructuring event in the future that would affect future cash flows.
Consolidated Segment Operating Income
Consolidated segment operating income is the sum of segment operating income of our individual segments and excludes the following line items on the Companys statements of operations:
A tabular reconciliation of differences from the comparable GAAP measureoperating incomeis included in the attached Pro Forma Statements of Operations.