These excerpts taken from the AMZN 8-K filed Feb 2, 2005.
Pro Forma Net Income
Pro forma net income, including the related pro forma net earnings per share, which we reconcile to net income (loss) and net earnings (loss) per share, excludes, in addition to the line items described above as excluded from consolidated segment operating income, the following line items on our consolidated statements of operations:
We use pro forma net income, and ratios based on it, to manage and evaluate our business operations and overall financial performance. We use this financial measure as it excludes certain cash and non-cash items that are either beyond our immediate control or are not characteristic of our underlying business operations for the period in which they are recorded, or both.
Items Excluded From Pro Forma Net Income
See Consolidated Segment Operating Income Items Excluded from Consolidated Segment Operating Income for an explanation of Stock-based compensation, Other operating expense (income), and Impairment of goodwill.
Remeasurements and Other
A portion of Remeasurements and other consists of gains or charges due to our quarterly remeasurement of the principal of our 6.875% PEACS from Euros to U.S. Dollars. We exclude the effect of these periodic remeasurements from our pro forma net income because the ultimate cash effect resulting from changes in exchange rates is inherently uncertain. These gains or charges would only affect near-term cash flows if we redeem or, in certain cases, restructure, our 6.875% PEACS in the next several years, rather than over a longer term or at maturity in 2010. Because these charges and gains vary based on exchange rates between the U.S. Dollar and Euro, these amounts are beyond our immediate control and are difficult to predict for future periods.
Additionally, we exclude gains or charges associated with remeasurements of foreign-currency denominated intercompany balances. We exclude these amounts because they are beyond our immediate control and are difficult to predict for future periods.
We exclude equity in losses of equity-method investees, net, which are included in Remeasurements and other, because it generates potential non-cash gains or losses, based on the financial results of other companies that we do not manage or control and are difficult to predict. In addition, we believe these non-cash gains and losses are not indicative of our financial or operating performance. In recent quarters, these amounts represented insignificant charges and, absent future investments, we expect this trend to continue.
To the extent we incur gains or losses on the repurchase, redemption, or retirements of our debt instruments, such amounts will be recorded to Remeasurements and other.
Cumulative Effect of Change in Accounting Principle
We exclude cumulative effect of change in accounting principle because it generates non-cash charges, which we believe are not indicative of our financial or operating performance.
Limitations of Pro Forma Net Income
Pro forma net income has the same limitations as consolidated segment operating income. See Consolidated Segment Operating Income Limitations of Consolidated Segment Operating Income above. In addition, when the 6.875% PEACS are retired, whether by early redemption or restructuring, or at maturity in 2010, the foreign currency effect of changes in the exchange ratio between the U.S. Dollar and the Euro will result in a cash effect. We compensate for this limitation by disclosing the effect of currency movements on our 6.875% PEACS on our consolidated statements of operations and presenting the fair value of our 6.875% PEACS in the notes to our financial statements.
During certain of our reporting periods our reported net income was greater than our pro forma net income.
Pro Forma Net Income
Pro forma net income excludes the following line items on the Companys statements of operations:
A tabular reconciliation of differences from the comparable GAAP measurenet income (loss)is included in the attached Pro Forma Statements of Operations.
For additional information regarding these non-GAAP financial measures, see Exhibit 99.2 to our Form 8-K filed contemporaneously with the issuance of this release.
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