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Amtech Systems 10-Q 2014

Documents found in this filing:

  1. 10-Q
  2. Ex-31.1
  3. Ex-31.2
  4. Ex-32.1
  5. Ex-32.2
  6. Ex-32.2
ASYS.12.31.13-10Q
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549
____________________
FORM 10-Q
 (Mark One)
[X]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 For the quarterly period ended: December 31, 2013
OR
[  ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________________ to ________________

Commission File Number: 0-11412
 
AMTECH SYSTEMS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Arizona
86-0411215
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
Identification No.)
 
 
131 South Clark Drive, Tempe, Arizona
85281
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 480-967-5146
 
Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. [X] Yes [   ] No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). [ X  ] Yes [   ] No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer [   ]
Accelerated filer [ ]
 
 
Non-accelerated filer [x] (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller Reporting Company [   ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [   ] No [X]
Shares of Common Stock outstanding as of January 30, 2014: 9,584,067



AMTECH SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
 
Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
AMTECH SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands except share data)
 
 
 
December 31,
2013
 
September 30,
2013
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
30,337

 
$
37,197

Restricted cash
 
4,236

 
5,134

Accounts receivable
 
 
 
 
Trade (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $683 and $638 at December 31, 2013, and September 30, 2013, respectively)
 
10,496

 
4,829

Unbilled and other
 
7,390

 
3,194

Inventories
 
16,712

 
22,001

Deferred income taxes
 
1,340

 
1,330

Refundable income taxes
 
7,170

 
7,580

Other
 
1,801

 
2,930

Total current assets
 
79,482

 
84,195

Property, plant and equipment - net
 
10,929

 
11,066

Deferred income taxes -long term
 
1,260

 
1,260

Intangible assets - net
 
3,360

 
3,502

Goodwill
 
8,527

 
8,481

Other assets - long term
 
2,526

 
2,443

Total Assets
 
$
106,084

 
$
110,947


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


3


AMTECH SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands except share data)
 
 
 
December 31,
2013
 
September 30,
2013
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
5,299

 
$
5,472

Accrued compensation and related taxes
 
4,137

 
3,778

Accrued warranty expense
 
1,065

 
1,454

Deferred profit
 
6,692

 
3,067

Customer deposits
 
4,903

 
11,253

Other accrued liabilities
 
8,299

 
10,140

Income taxes payable
 
6,030

 
6,170

Total current liabilities
 
36,425

 
41,334

Income taxes payable long-term
 
2,900

 
2,810

Total liabilities
 
39,325

 
44,144

 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and Contingencies
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock; 100,000,000 shares authorized; none issued
 

 

Common stock; $0.01 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized;
shares issued and outstanding: 9,583,867 and 9,550,809 at December 31, 2013, and September 30, 2013, respectively
 
96

 
96

Additional paid-in capital
 
79,794

 
79,610

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(3,827
)
 
(4,556
)
Retained deficit
 
(8,800
)
 
(8,004
)
Total stockholders' equity
 
67,263

 
67,146

Noncontrolling interest
 
(504
)
 
(343
)
Total equity
 
66,759

 
66,803

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
$
106,084

 
$
110,947


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


AMTECH SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
Revenues, net of returns and allowances
$
14,772

 
$
9,357

Cost of sales
10,237

 
7,979

Gross profit
4,535

 
1,378

 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative
4,124

 
4,272

Restructuring charges

 
697

Research and development
889

 
1,161

Operating loss
(478
)
 
(4,752
)
 
 
 
 
Interest and other income, net
106

 
4

Loss before income taxes
(372
)
 
(4,748
)
 
 
 
 
Income tax provision (benefit)
560

 
(480
)
 
 
 
 
Net loss
(932
)
 
(4,268
)
 
 
 
 
Add: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
138

 
74

Net loss attributable to Amtech Systems, Inc.
$
(794
)
 
$
(4,194
)
 
 
 
 
Loss Per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic loss per share attributable to Amtech shareholders
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.44
)
Weighted average shares outstanding
9,560

 
9,494

Diluted loss per share attributable to Amtech shareholders
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.44
)
Weighted average shares outstanding
9,560

 
9,494


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5



AMTECH SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements Of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)

 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
Net loss
$
(932
)
 
$
(4,268
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment
705

 
1,391

Comprehensive loss
(227
)
 
(2,877
)
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
161

 
86

Comprehensive loss attributable to Amtech Systems, Inc.
$
(66
)
 
$
(2,791
)


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


6



AMTECH SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements Of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(932
)
 
$
(4,268
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net
cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
623

 
699

Write-down of inventory
90

 
194

Deferred income taxes

 
15

Non-cash stock based compensation expense
176

 
433

Provision for allowance for doubtful accounts
33

 
33

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Restricted cash
944

 
(905
)
Accounts receivable
(9,748
)
 
3,911

Inventories
5,498

 
1,117

Accrued income taxes
532

 
(500
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
1,078

 
484

Accounts payable
(237
)
 
(3,127
)
Accrued liabilities and customer deposits
(8,534
)
 
(178
)
Deferred profit
3,554

 
(2,460
)
Net cash used in operating activities
(6,923
)
 
(4,552
)
Investing Activities
 
 
 
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
(154
)
 
(121
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(154
)

(121
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Proceeds from the issuance of common stock
9

 

Net cash provided by financing activities
9

 

Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash
208

 
562

Net Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents
(6,860
)
 
(4,111
)
Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Period
37,197

 
46,726

Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Period
$
30,337

 
$
42,615

Supplemental Cash Flow Information:
 
 
 
Income tax refunds
$
27

 
$


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

7


AMTECH SYSTEMS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2013 AND 2012
(UNAUDITED)
 
1.
Basis of Presentation
 
Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation – Amtech Systems, Inc. (the “Company”) designs, assembles, sells and installs capital equipment and related consumables used in the manufacture of wafers, primarily for the solar and semiconductor industries. The Company is developing an ion implanter to provide its customers with a more complete solution for their next-generation high-efficiency solar cell production. The Company sells these products to manufacturers of solar cells, silicon wafers, and semiconductors worldwide, particularly in Asia, United States and Europe.
 
The Company serves niche markets in industries that are experiencing rapid technological advances and which historically have been very cyclical. Therefore, future profitability and growth depend on the Company’s ability to develop or acquire and market profitable new products and on its ability to adapt to cyclical trends.
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), and consequently do not include all disclosures normally required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments necessary, all of which are of a normal and recurring nature, to present fairly our financial position, results of operations and cash flows. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2013.
 
The consolidated results of operations for the three months ended December 31, 2013, are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full fiscal year.
 
Principles of Consolidation – The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and subsidiaries in which it has a controlling interest. The Company reports noncontrolling interests in consolidated entities as a component of equity separate from the Company's equity. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
Use of Estimates – The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Revenue Recognition Revenue is recognized upon shipment of the Company’s proven technology equal to the sales price less the greater of (i) the fair value of undelivered services or (ii) the contingent portion of the sales price, which is generally 10-20% of the total contract price. The entire cost of the equipment relating to proven technology is recorded upon shipment. The remaining contractual revenue, deferred costs and installation costs are recorded upon the completion of installation at the customers’ premises and acceptance of the product by the customer.
 
For purposes of revenue recognition, proven technology means the Company has a history of at least two successful installations. New technology systems are those systems with respect to which the Company cannot demonstrate that it can meet the provisions of customer acceptance at the time of shipment. The full amount of revenue and costs of new technology shipments is recognized upon the completion of installation at the customers’ premises and acceptance of the product by the customer.
 
Revenue from services is recognized as the services are performed. Revenue from prepaid service contracts is recognized ratably over the life of the contract. Revenue from spare parts is recorded upon shipment.

8



Deferred Profit – Revenue deferred pursuant to the Company’s revenue recognition policy, net of the related deferred costs, if any, is recorded as deferred profit in current liabilities. The components of deferred profit are as follows:
 
 
December 31,
2013
 
September 30,
2013
 
(dollars in thousands)
Deferred revenues
$
13,027

 
$
3,371

Deferred costs
6,335

 
304

Deferred profit
$
6,692

 
$
3,067


Concentrations of Credit Risk – Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist principally of trade accounts receivable and cash. The Company’s customers, located throughout the world, consist of manufacturers of solar cells, semiconductors, semiconductor wafers, light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS). Credit risk is managed by performing ongoing credit evaluations of the customers’ financial condition, by requiring significant deposits where appropriate, and by actively monitoring collections. Letters of credit are required of certain customers depending on the size of the order, type of customer or its creditworthiness, and its country of domicile. Reserves for potentially uncollectible receivables are maintained based on an assessment of collectability.
 
The Company maintains its cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash in multiple financial institutions. Balances in the United States (approximately 60% of total cash balances) are primarily invested in US Treasuries or are in financial institutions insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). The remainder of the Company’s cash is maintained in banks in The Netherlands, France and China that are uninsured.
 
As of December 31, 2013, two customers, individually, accounted for 40% and 16% of accounts receivable.
 
Restricted Cash – Restricted cash is $4.2 million and $5.1 million as of December 31, 2013, and September 30, 2013, respectively, includes collateral for bank guarantees required by certain customers from whom deposits have been received in advance of shipment and cash received from research and development grants related to our ion implant technology to be used for research and development projects.
 
Accounts Receivable - Unbilled and Other – Unbilled and other accounts receivable consist mainly of the contingent portion of the sales price that is not collectible until successful installation of the product. These amounts are generally billed upon final customer acceptance. For the majority of these amounts, a liability has been accrued in deferred profit.
 
Inventories – Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Approximately 80% of inventory is valued on an average cost basis with the remainder determined on a first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis. The components of inventories are as follows:
 
 
December 31,
2013
 
September 30,
2013
 
(dollars in thousands)
Purchased parts and raw materials
$
11,101

 
$
11,757

Work-in-process
2,908

 
7,104

Finished goods
2,703

 
3,140

 
$
16,712

 
$
22,001


Property, Plant and Equipment – Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. The cost of property retired or sold and the related accumulated depreciation are removed from the applicable accounts when disposition occurs and any gain or loss is recognized. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method. Useful lives for equipment, machinery and leasehold improvements range from three to seven years; for furniture and fixtures from five to ten years; and for buildings twenty years.
 
The following is a summary of property, plant and equipment:
 

9


 
December 31,
2013
 
September 30,
2013
 
(dollars in thousands)
Land, building and leasehold improvements
$
11,129

 
$
10,960

Equipment and machinery
7,854

 
7,630

Furniture and fixtures
5,785

 
5,685

 
24,768

 
24,275

Accumulated depreciation and amortization
(13,839
)
 
(13,209
)
 
$
10,929

 
$
11,066


Goodwill - Goodwill is not subject to amortization and is reviewed for impairment on an annual basis, typically at the end of the fiscal year, or more frequently if circumstances dictate.
 
The following is a summary of activity in goodwill:
 
 
Solar and Semiconductor Equipment
 
Polishing Supplies and Equipment
 
Total
 
(dollars in thousands)
Balance at the beginning of year
 
 
 
 
 
   Goodwill
$
12,563

 
$
728

 
$
13,291

   Accumulated impairment losses
(4,810
)
 

 
(4,810
)
 
7,753

 
728

 
8,481

Net exchange differences
46

 

 
46

Balance at the end of quarter
 
 
 
 
 
   Goodwill
12,635

 
728

 
13,363

   Accumulated impairment losses
(4,836
)
 

 
(4,836
)
 
$
7,799

 
$
728

 
$
8,527



Intangibles – Intangible assets are capitalized and amortized over their useful life if the life is determinable. If the life is not determinable, amortization is not recorded.

The following is a summary of intangibles:
 
 
Useful Life
 
Gross Carrying Amount
Accumulated Amortization
Net Carrying Amount
 
Gross Carrying Amount
Accumulated Amortization
Net Carrying Amount
 
 
 
December 31, 2013
 
September 30, 2013
 
 
 
(dollars in thousands)
Non-compete agreements
4-8 years
 
$
1,068

$
(780
)
$
288

 
$
1,065

$
(717
)
$
348

Customer lists
10 years
 
887

(561
)
326

 
871

(532
)
339

Technology
5-10 years
 
2,457

(1,514
)
943

 
2,426

(1,422
)
1,004

In-process research and development
(1)
 
1,600


1,600

 
1,600


1,600

Other
2-10 years
 
348

(145
)
203

 
341

(130
)
211

 
 
 
$
6,360

$
(3,000
)
$
3,360

 
$
6,303

$
(2,801
)
$
3,502



(1)
The in-process research and development will be amortized over its useful life when it has reached technological feasibility.

10



Long-lived assets - Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable.


Warranty – A limited warranty is provided free of charge, generally for periods of 12 to 24 months, for all purchases of the Company’s new products and systems. Accruals are recorded for estimated warranty costs at the time the system is accepted by the customer.
 

The following is a summary of activity in accrued warranty expense:
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
 
(dollars in thousands)
Beginning balance
$
1,454

 
$
2,687

Warranty expenditures
(277
)
 
(362
)
Warranty provisions/(adjustment)
(112
)
 
103

Ending balance
$
1,065

 
$
2,428


Stock-Based Compensation - The Company measures compensation costs relating to share-based payment transactions based upon the grant-date fair value of the award. Those costs are recognized as expense over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period. The benefits of tax deductions in excess of recognized compensation cost are credited to additional paid-in capital and reported as cash flow from financing activities rather than as cash flow from operating activities.

Share-based compensation expense reduced the Company’s results of operations by the following amounts:
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
 
(dollars in thousands)
Effect on income before income taxes (1)
$
(176
)
 
$
(433
)
Effect on income taxes
40

 
62

Effect on net income
$
(136
)
 
$
(371
)
 
(1)
Stock-based compensation expense is included in selling, general and administrative expenses.

Stock options issued under the terms of the plans have, or will have, an exercise price equal to or greater than the fair market value of the common stock at the date of the option grant and expire no later than 10 years from the date of grant, with the most recent grant expiring in 2023. Options issued by the Company vest over 2 to 4 years.
 

11



Stock option transactions and the options outstanding are summarized as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
 
Options
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
Options
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
Outstanding at beginning of period
1,059,417

 
$
6.71

 
891,293

 
$
9.37

Granted
220,000

 
7.01

 
312,850

 
2.95

Exercised
(2,230
)
 
3.82

 

 

Forfeited
(2,114
)
 
8.03

 
(1,085
)
 
7.64

Outstanding at end of period
1,275,073

 
$
6.76

 
1,203,058

 
$
7.71

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exercisable at end of period
924,593

 
$
7.04

 
597,545

 
$
9.19

Weighted average fair value of options
granted during the period
$
4.38

 
 
 
$
1.82

 
 

The fair value of options was estimated at the grant date using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions:
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
Risk free interest rate
2%
 
1%
Expected life
6 years
 
6 years
Dividend rate
0%
 
0%
Volatility
69%
 
70%

To estimate expected lives for this valuation, it was assumed that options will be exercised at varying schedules after becoming fully vested. Forfeitures have been estimated at the time of grant and will be revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. Forfeitures were estimated based upon historical experience. Fair value computations are highly sensitive to the volatility factor assumed; the greater the volatility, the higher the computed fair value of the options granted. The Company uses historical stock prices to determine the volatility factor.
 
The Company awards restricted shares under the existing share-based compensation plans. Our restricted share awards vest in equal annual installments over a two to four-year period. The total value of these awards is expensed on a ratable basis over the service period of the employees receiving the grants. The “service period” is the time during which the employees receiving grants must remain employees for the shares granted to fully vest.
 

12




Restricted stock transactions and awards outstanding are summarized as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
 
Awards
 
Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 
Awards
 
Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Beginning Outstanding
69,154

 
$
10.13

 
127,975

 
$
9.06

Released
(30,828
)
 
10.08

 
(55,646
)
 
7.65

Forfeited

 

 
(50
)
 
7.98

Ending Outstanding
38,326

 
$
10.17

 
72,279

 
$
10.15



 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments

In accordance with the requirements of the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (ASC), the Company groups its financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis in three levels, based on the markets in which the assets and liabilities are traded and the reliability of the assumptions used to determine fair value. These levels are:
Level 1 - Valuation is based upon quoted market price for identical instruments traded in active markets.
Level 2 - Valuation is based on quoted market prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant assumptions are observable in the market.
Level 3 - Valuation is generated from model-based techniques that use significant assumptions not observable in the market. Valuation techniques include use of discounted cash flow models and similar techniques.
 

In accordance with the requirements of the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic of the FASB ASC, it is the Company's policy to use observable inputs whenever reasonably practicable in order to minimize the use of unobservable inputs when developing fair value measurements. When available, the Company uses quoted market prices to measure fair value. If market prices are not available, the fair value measurement is based on models that use primarily market based parameters including interest rate yield curves, option volatilities and currency rates. In certain cases, where market rate assumptions are not available, the Company is required to make judgments about assumptions market participants would use to estimate the fair value of a financial instrument. Changes in the underlying assumptions used, including discount rates and estimates of future cash flows, could significantly affect the results of current or future values.

Cash Equivalents- Included in Cash and Cash Equivalents in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet is $18.4 million and $18.5 million as of December 31, 2013 and September 30, 2013, respectively, of money market funds invested in treasury bills, notes and other direct obligations of the U.S. Treasury. The fair value of this cash equivalent is based on Level 1 inputs in the fair value hierarchy.
 
Receivables and Payables —The recorded amounts of these financial instruments, including accounts receivable and accounts payable, approximate their fair value because of the short maturities of these instruments. If measured at fair value in the financial statements, these financial instruments would be classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy.
 
Pensions—The Company has retirement plans covering substantially all employees. The principal plans are the multiemployer defined benefit pension plans of the Company’s operations in The Netherlands and France and the plan for hourly union employees in Pennsylvania. The multiemployer plans in the United States and France are insignificant. The Company's defined contribution plans cover substantially all of the employees in the United States. The Company matches employee funds on a discretionary basis.
 
 

13


Shipping expense – Shipping expenses of $0.3 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively, are included in selling, general and administrative expenses.
   

Research and development expense – Research and development expenses consist of the cost of employees, consultants and contractors who design, engineer and develop new products and processes; materials and supplies used in those activities; and product prototyping. The Company receives reimbursements through governmental research and development grants which are netted against these expenses when certain conditions have been met. The table below shows gross research and development expenses and grants earned:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
2013
 
December 31,
2012
 
(dollars in thousands)
Research and development
$
2,895

 
$
2,458

Grants earned
(2,006
)
 
(1,297
)
Net research and development
$
889

 
$
1,161


Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements 

In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-11 "Income Taxes (Topic 740)." An unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, should be presented in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward, except as follows. To the extent a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward is not available at the reporting date under the tax law of the applicable jurisdiction to settle any additional income taxes that would result from the disallowance of a tax position or the tax law of the applicable jurisdiction does not require the entity to use, and the entity does not intend to use, the deferred tax asset for such purpose, the unrecognized tax benefit should be presented in the financial statements as a liability and should not be combined with deferred tax assets. The assessment of whether a deferred tax asset is available is based on the unrecognized tax benefit and deferred tax asset that exist at the reporting date and should be made presuming disallowance of the tax position at the reporting date. The amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2013.

In March 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-05 "Foreign Currency Matters (Topic 830)." The objective of the amendments in this Update is to resolve the diversity in practice about which codification subtopic applies to the release of the cumulative translation adjustment into net income when a parent either sells a part or all of its investment in a foreign entity or no longer holds a controlling financial interest in a subsidiary or group of assets that is a business within a foreign entity.

The amendments in this Update are effective prospectively for fiscal years (and interim reporting periods within those years) beginning after December 15, 2013. The Company will evaluate the impact of the Update as future transactions occur.
In February 2013, The FASB issued ASU No. 2013-04 "Liabilities (Topic 405)," The guidance in this Update requires an entity to measure obligations resulting from joint and several liability arrangements for which the total amount of the obligation within the scope of this guidance is fixed at the reporting date, as the sum of the following:
a.    The amount the reporting entity agreed to pay on the basis of its arrangement among its co-obligors.
b.     Any additional amount the reporting entity expects to pay on behalf of its co-obligors.

The guidance in this Update also requires an entity to disclose the nature and amount of the obligation as well as other information about those obligations. The amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2013. The Company does not expect this Update to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

2.
Income Taxes

The quarterly income tax provision is calculated using an estimated annual effective tax rate, based upon expected annual income, permanent items, statutory rates and planned tax strategies in the various jurisdictions in which the Company operates. However, losses in certain jurisdictions and certain discrete items are treated separately.

14


 Deferred tax assets and liabilities reflect the tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying value of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and their tax basis. The Company records a valuation allowance if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. Our expectations regarding realization of our deferred tax assets is based upon the weight of all available evidence, including such factors as our recent earnings history, expected future taxable income and available tax planning strategies. The Company maintains a valuation allowance with respect to certain state and foreign deferred tax assets that may not be recovered. Each quarter the valuation allowance is re-evaluated. The valuation allowance during the three months ended December 31, 2013, increased by $0.2 million for current period net operating losses in China and the Netherlands. The Accounting Standards Codification states that forming a conclusion that a valuation allowance is not needed is difficult when there is negative evidence such as cumulative losses in recent years. As a result, we continue recording a valuation allowance on operating losses incurred in China and the Netherlands.


The Company classifies uncertain tax positions as non-current income taxes payable unless expected to be paid within one year. At December 31, 2013 and September 30, 2013, the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits was approximately $1.6 million. If recognized, these amounts would favorably impact the effective tax rate. The Company classifies interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense. As of December 31, 2013, and September 30, 2013, the Company has an accrual for potential interest and penalties of approximately $1.3 million and $1.2 million, respectively.

The Company and one or more of its subsidiaries file income tax returns in The Netherlands, Germany, France, China and Hong Kong, as well as the U.S. and various states in the U.S. The Company and its subsidiaries have a number of open tax years dictated by statute in each of the respective taxing jurisdictions, which are generally from 3 to 5 years.


3.
Earnings Per Share
 
Basic earnings per share (EPS) is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS is computed similarly to basic EPS except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if potentially dilutive common shares had been issued. In the case of a net loss, diluted earnings per share is calculated in the same manner as basic EPS.
 
For the three months ended December 31, 2013, options for 1,275,000 shares and 38,000 restricted stock awards are excluded from the diluted EPS calculations because they are anti-dilutive. For the three months ended December 31, 2012, options for 1,205,000 shares and 72,000 restricted stock awards were excluded from the diluted EPS calculations because they were anti-dilutive.
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
 
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
Basic Loss Per Share Computation
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to Amtech Systems, Inc.
$
(794
)
 
$
(4,194
)
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding:
 
 
 
Common stock
9,560

 
9,494

Basic loss per share attributable to Amtech shareholders
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.44
)
Diluted Loss Per Share Computation
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to Amtech Systems, Inc.
$
(794
)
 
$
(4,194
)
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding:
 
 
 
Common stock
9,560

 
9,494

Common stock equivalents (1)

 

Diluted shares
9,560

 
9,494

Diluted loss per share attributable to Amtech shareholders
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.44
)

(1)
The number of common stock equivalents is calculated using the treasury stock method and the average market price during the period.

4.
Business Segment Information

15


 
The Company’s products are classified into two business segments: the solar and semiconductor equipment segment and the polishing supplies segment. In the solar and semiconductor equipment segment, we are a leading supplier of thermal processing systems, including related automation, parts and services, to the solar/photovoltaic, semiconductor, silicon wafer and MEMS industries and also offer PECVD (plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition) equipment. In the polishing supplies segment, the Company produces consumables and machinery for lapping (fine abrading) and polishing of materials, such as sapphire substrates, optical components, silicon wafers, numerous types of crystal materials, ceramics and metal components.
Information concerning our business segments is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
 
(dollars in thousands)
Net Revenues:
 
 
 
Solar and semiconductor equipment
$
12,564

 
$
7,034

Polishing supplies and equipment
2,208

 
2,323

 
$
14,772

 
$
9,357

Operating income (loss):
 
 
 
Solar and semiconductor equipment
$
349

 
$
(3,168
)
Polishing supplies and equipment
418

 
155

Non-segment related
(1,245
)
 
(1,739
)
 
$
(478
)
 
$
(4,752
)

 
December 31,
2013
 
September 30,
2013
 
(dollars in thousands)
Identifiable Assets:
 
 
 
Solar and semiconductor equipment
$
101,056

 
$
106,723

Polishing supplies and equipment
5,028

 
4,224

 
$
106,084

 
$
110,947

Goodwill:
 
 
 
Solar and semiconductor equipment
$
7,799

 
$
7,753

Polishing supplies and equipment
728

 
728

 
$
8,527

 
$
8,481



5.
Major Customers and Foreign Sales
 
During the three months ended December 31, 2013, two customers individually represented 33% and 23% of net revenues. During the three months ended December 31, 2012, one customer individually represented 14%.
 

Our net revenues were to customers in the following geographic regions:
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
United States
42
%
 
22
%
 
 
 
 
China
11
%
 
31
%
Taiwan
11
%
 
9
%
Other
11
%
 
14
%
Total Asia
33
%
 
54
%
Total Europe
25
%
 
24
%
 
100
%
 
100
%

6.
Commitments and Contingencies
 
Purchase Obligations – As of December 31, 2013 we had purchase obligations in the amount of $10.7 million compared to $12.3 million as of September 30, 2013. These purchase obligations consist of outstanding purchase orders for goods and services. While the amount represents purchase agreements, the actual amounts to be paid may be less if any agreements are renegotiated, canceled or terminated.

Development project – In 2013, Shanghai Kingstone Semiconductor Company Ltd. ("Kingstone") entered into an agreement with certain government agencies in Shanghai, China for the purpose of developing ion implanters for a non-solar application. Kingstone has begun the first phase of this development project and received $3.6 million of grant funds for the project. Under the arrangement, Kingstone has agreed that by July 2014 it will have in place $6.1 million of its commitment to the project. The agreement will terminate upon the occurrence of certain events or if the project does not pass the first phase project evaluation. Otherwise, the remainder of Kingstone's commitment is to be in place by December 2015. Amtech owns 55% of Kingstone Technology Hong Kong Limited, which owns 100% of Shanghai Kingstone Semiconductor Company Ltd. Amtech has no obligation or plan to fund Kingstone's commitments under this agreement.

Litigation – The Company is a party to various claims arising in the normal course of business. Management believes the resolution of these matters will not have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations or financial condition.
 

7. Restructuring and Impairment Charges
  

Restructuring charges for the three months ended December 31, 2012 were $0.7 million. The restructuring charges in fiscal 2013 relate primarily to severance costs incurred as a result of the reductions-in-force at certain operations. There were no restructuring charges in fiscal 2014.

16


Item 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in Item 1, “Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements” in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q and our consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2013.
 
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
 
Certain information contained or incorporated by reference in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is forward-looking in nature. All statements included or incorporated by reference in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, or made by management of Amtech Systems, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“the Company” or “Amtech”), other than statements of historical fact, are hereby identified as “forward-looking statements” (as such term is defined in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended). In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “would,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue,” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. Examples of forward-looking statements include statements regarding Amtech's future financial results, operating results, business strategies, projected costs, products under development, competitive positions and plans and objectives of the Company and its management for future operations.
We cannot guarantee that any forward-looking statement will be realized, although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable. Achievement of future results is subject to risks, uncertainties and potentially inaccurate assumptions. The Form 10-K that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission for the year-ended September 30, 2013 listed various important factors that could affect Amtech's future operating results and financial condition and could cause actual results to differ materially from historical results and expectations based on forward-looking statements made in this document or elsewhere by Amtech or on its behalf. These factors can be found under the heading “Risk Factors” in the Form 10-K and investors should refer to them. Because it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors, any such list cannot be considered a complete set of all potential risks or uncertainties. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.

Introduction
 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) is intended to facilitate an understanding of our business and results of operations. MD&A consists of the following sections:
Overview 
Results of Operations
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Off – Balance Sheet Arrangements 
Contractual Obligations 
Critical Accounting Policies 
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

Overview
 
We operate in two segments: (i) the solar and semiconductor equipment segment and (ii) the polishing supplies segment. In our solar and semiconductor equipment segment, we are a leading supplier of thermal processing systems, including related automation, parts and services, to the solar/photovoltaic, semiconductor, silicon wafer and MEMS industries and also offer PECVD (plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition) equipment to the solar market. In our polishing supplies segment, we produce consumables and machinery for lapping (fine abrading) and polishing of materials, such as sapphire substrates, optical components, silicon wafers, numerous types of crystal materials, ceramics and metal components. Since the 2011 acquisition of Kingstone, we have advanced the development of an ion implanter to provide our solar customers with a more complete solution for their next-generation high-efficiency solar cell production.

Our customers are primarily manufacturers of solar cells and integrated circuits. The solar cell and semiconductor industries are cyclical and historically have experienced significant fluctuations. Our revenue is impacted by these broad industry trends. In 2012 and 2013, the solar cell industry experienced a structural imbalance between supply and demand and we expect this structural imbalance to continue into 2014. This imbalance has negatively impacted our results of operations and is expected to do so in the future.

Our strategy has been, and continues to be, to grow the Company through strategic product development and acquisitions. In addition to internal product development, we have acquired companies with complementary products or products that serve adjacent process steps.  In October 2007, we acquired R2D Automation SAS, which allowed us to provide our diffusion furnaces with integrated automation that is also sold as a stand-alone product. In February 2011, we acquired a 55% ownership interest in Kingstone Technology Hong Kong, Limited ("Kingstone"), a holding company that owns 100% of Kingstone Semiconductor Company Ltd., a Shanghai-based technology company specializing in ion implant solutions for the solar industry. 



 
 


Results of Operations
 
The following table sets forth certain operational data as a percentage of net revenue for the periods indicated:
 
 
Three Months Ended

December 31,
2013
 
December 31,
2012
Net revenue
100
 %
 
100
 %
Cost of goods sold
69
 %
 
85
 %
Gross margin
31
 %
 
15
 %
Operating expenses:

 

Selling, general and administrative
28
 %
 
47
 %
Restructuring charges
0
 %
 
7
 %
Research and development
6
 %
 
12
 %
Total operating expenses
34
 %
 
66
 %
Loss from operations
(3
)%
 
(51
)%
Interest income (expense), net
1
 %
 
0
 %
Loss before income taxes
(2
)%
 
(51
)%
Income taxes provision (benefit)
4
 %
 
(5
)%
Net loss
(6
)%
 
(46
)%
Add: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
1
 %
 
1
 %
Net loss attributable to Amtech Systems, Inc.
(5
)%
 
(45
)%
 
 
 
 

Net Revenue
 
Net revenue consists of revenue recognized upon shipment or installation of products using proven technology and upon acceptance of products using new technology. In addition, spare parts sales are recognized upon shipment. Service revenue is recognized upon completion of the service activity or ratably over the term of the service contract. Since the majority of our revenue is generated from large system sales, revenue and operating income can be significantly impacted by the timing of system shipments, and recognition of revenue based on customer acceptances.
 

17


 
Quarters Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
Segment
2013
 
2012
 
Inc (Dec)
 
%
 
(dollars in thousands)
Solar and semiconductor equipment segment
$
12,564

 
$
7,034

 
$
5,530

 
79
 %
Polishing supplies segment
2,208

 
2,323

 
(115
)
 
(5
)%
Total net revenue
$
14,772

 
$
9,357

 
$
5,415

 
58
 %


Net revenue for the quarters ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 was $14.8 million and $9.4 million, respectively, an increase of $5.4 million or 58%. Revenue from the solar and semiconductor equipment segment increased 79% due, in part, to the large shipment of n-type cell technology, partially offset by deferred revenue. According to our revenue recognition policy, 100% of the revenue for plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) equipment was deferred, because it is considered new technology until the customer's defined specifications have been met for two similarly configured systems and processes. Net revenue from the solar market was $6.6 million and $4.3 million for the three months ended December 31, 2013, and 2012, respectively. Despite the shipment of n-type cell technology and PECVD equipment, the current supply / demand imbalance and global economic conditions have continued to negatively impact sales in the solar equipment market and have caused our customers to significantly slow or push out their capacity expansion plans. It is difficult to predict when the market will improve, but we expect this downturn to continue into 2014. Contributing to the increased revenues from the solar and semiconductor equipment segment was an upturn in our semiconductor customers' capital equipment purchases.

Slightly lower revenues from the polishing supplies segment resulted primarily from product mix. Compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2013, shipments of machines were lower and demand for carriers decreased slightly in the first quarter of fiscal 2014. However, increased demand for sapphire substrates for LED lighting and mobile communication devices has resulted in significant increases in sales of templates, which are used in single-sided polishing processes.
  

Backlog and Orders
 
Our order backlog as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 was $23.3 million and $14.7 million, respectively. Our backlog as of December 31, 2013 includes approximately $14.1 million of orders and deferred revenue from our solar industry customers, compared to $10.1 million at December 31, 2012. New orders booked in the quarter ended December 31, 2013 were $9.8 million compared to $5.0 million in the quarter ended December 31, 2012. As the majority of the backlog is denominated in Euros, the strengthening of the Euro during the first quarter of fiscal 2014 resulted in an increase in backlog of approximately $0.4 million. As of December 31, 2013, one customer accounted for 40% of our backlog. Our order pipeline has been slow due to the worldwide overcapacity of solar cell production. We expect the pipeline to remain slow into 2014 due to that overcapacity and the likelihood of lower government subsidies for solar energy installations.

The orders included in our backlog are generally credit approved customer purchase orders expected to ship within the next twelve months. Because our orders are typically subject to cancellation or delay by the customer, our backlog at any particular point in time is not necessarily representative of actual sales for succeeding periods, nor is backlog any assurance that we will realize profit from completing these orders. Our backlog also includes revenue deferred pursuant to our revenue recognition policy, derived from orders that have already been shipped, but which have not met the criteria for revenue recognition.
 
Gross Profit and Gross Margin
 
Gross profit is the difference between net revenue and cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold consists of purchased material, labor and overhead to manufacture equipment and spare parts and the cost of service and support to customers for installation, warranty and paid service calls. Gross margin is gross profit as a percent of net revenue.
 
 
Quarters Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
Segment
2013
 
2012
 
Inc (Dec)
 
%
 
(dollars in thousands)
Solar and semiconductor equipment segment
$
3,724

 
$
951

 
$
2,773

 
292
%
Polishing supplies segment
811

 
427

 
384

 
90
%
Total gross profit
$
4,535

 
$
1,378

 
$
3,157

 
229
%

18




Gross profit for the three months ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 was $4.5 million and $1.4 million, respectively; an increase of $3.2 million. Gross margin on products from our solar and semiconductor equipment segment was 30% in the quarter ended December 31, 2013, compared to 14% in the quarter ended December 31, 2012. The higher gross margin resulted, in part, from improved utilization of manufacturing capacity with increased sales volumes as well as expense reductions from company-wide cost-control initiatives. In addition, margins were higher due to the use of previously-written down inventory. In the quarter ended December 31, 2013, we had a net deferred profit of $3.6 million compared to a net recognition of previously-deferred profit of $2.5 million in the quarter ended December 31, 2012.

Gross margin on products from our polishing supplies segment was 37% in the quarter ended December 31, 2013, compared to 18% in the quarter ended December 31, 2012. Higher margins resulted primarily from improved product mix and greater efficiencies with increased templates sales volumes.

Selling, General and Administrative
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses consist of the cost of employees, consultants and contractors, facility costs, sales commissions, shipping costs, promotional marketing expenses, legal and accounting expenses.

 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
 
Segment
December 31, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
 
Inc (Dec)
 
%
 
(dollars in thousands)
Solar and semiconductor equipment segment
$
3,613

 
$
3,765

 
$
(152
)
 
(4
)%
Polishing supplies segment
511

 
507

 
4

 
1
 %
Total selling, general and administrative expenses
$
4,124

 
$
4,272

 
$
(148
)
 
(3
)%

 
Selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 were $4.1 million and $4.3 million, respectively. SG&A expenses include $0.2 million and $0.4 million of stock-based compensation expense for the quarters ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Savings from continued company-wide cost-control initiatives, including lower salaries and benefits, were offset by higher commission expense related to higher revenues.

Restructuring Charges

There were no restructuring charges in the first quarter of fiscal 2014. Restructuring charges for the three months ended December 31, 2012 were $0.7 million, resulting from the company's cost-cutting efforts in fiscal 2013, primarily severance costs related to reductions-in-force.

Research and Development
 
Research and development expenses consist of the cost of employees, consultants and contractors who design, engineer and develop new products and processes as well as materials and supplies used in producing prototypes. Reimbursement of research and development costs in the form of governmental research and development grants are netted against these expenses.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
 
Incr.
(Decr.)
 
% change
 
(dollars in thousands)
 
 
 
 
Research and development
$
2,895

 
$
2,458

 
$
437

 
18
 %
Grants earned
(2,006
)
 
(1,297
)
 
(709
)
 
55
 %
Net research and development
$
889

 
$
1,161

 
$
(272
)
 
(23
)%


19


Research and development costs (net of grants earned) for the three months ended December 31, 2013 decreased $0.3 million compared to the three months ended December 31, 2012. The decrease in net research and development expense relates to the increase in government grants earned for funding related to the development of the ion implanter. Increased research and development spending relates primarily to higher activity in the development of the ion implanter, partially offset by lower activity in thermal processing solar research and development.
 
Income Taxes
 
For the three months ended December 31, 2013 we recorded income tax expense of $0.6 million compared to a tax benefit of $0.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2012. The income tax provisions are based upon estimates of annual income, annual permanent differences and statutory tax rates in the various jurisdictions in which we operate, except that certain loss jurisdictions and discrete items are treated separately.  No tax benefit has been recognized for losses in China related to Kingstone's ion implant development projects and the Netherlands, because Kingstone does not have a history of earnings and due to cumulative losses in the Netherlands. 
The Financial Accounting Standards requires that a valuation allowance be established when it is “more likely than not” that all or a portion of deferred tax assets will not be realized. A review of all available positive and negative evidence needs to be considered, including a company's performance, the market environment in which the company operates and the length of carryback and carryforward periods. According to those standards, it is difficult to conclude that a valuation allowance is not needed when the negative evidence includes cumulative losses in recent years. Therefore, cumulative losses weigh heavily in the overall assessment. As a result of the review as of December 31, 2013, we concluded that it was appropriate to increase the valuation allowance for the net operating losses in the Netherlands and China, where cumulative losses have been incurred. Available tax planning strategies cause us to believe that it is more likely than not the deferred tax assets related to the United States tax jurisdiction will be realized despite cumulative book losses there.
Our future effective income tax rate depends on various factors, such as the amount of income (loss) in each tax jurisdiction, tax regulations governing each region, non-tax deductible expenses incurred as a percent of pre-tax income and the effectiveness of our tax planning strategies. At the end of 2011, we restructured our European operations to lower the tax rate on the Dutch operations from 35% to a marginal rate of 25% and to as low as 5% on income derived from qualified new technologies, as we intend to permanently reinvest future Dutch earnings in our foreign operations. The effect of the restructure on our tax rate depends on the amount of income or loss earned in the Netherlands, as well as the portion of such income that can be demonstrated to have been derived from qualified new technologies, as well as the other factors mentioned above.


Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
At December 31, 2013, and September 30, 2013, cash and cash equivalents were $30.3 million and $37.2 million, respectively. At December 31, 2013, and September 30, 2013, restricted cash was $4.2 million and $5.1 million, respectively. Our working capital was $43.1 million as of December 31, 2013 and $42.9 million as of September 30, 2013.
 
The decrease in cash for the first three months of fiscal 2014 was due to cash used in operating activities of $6.9 million discussed below. We maintain a portion of our cash and cash equivalents in Euros at our Dutch and French operations; therefore, changes in the exchange rate have an impact on our cash balances. Our ratio of current assets to current liabilities was 2.2:1 and 2.0:1 as of December 31, 2013, and September 30, 2013, respectively.

At December 31, 2013, we have current refundable income taxes of $7.2 million and current taxes payable of $6.0 million, reflecting an expected refund of taxes in The Netherlands (of which $5.5 million was received in January 2014) and an expected payment of U.S. taxes. See information below regarding other contractual obligations. We have never paid dividends on our Common Stock.

The success of our growth strategy is dependent upon the availability of additional capital resources on terms satisfactory to management. Our sources of capital in the past have included the sale of equity securities, which include common and preferred stock sold in private transactions and public offerings, capital leases and long-term debt. We believe that our principal sources of liquidity discussed above are sufficient to support operations for at least the next twelve months.

Cash Flows from Operating Activities
 

20


Cash used in our operating activities was $6.9 million for the three months ended December 31, 2013, compared to $4.6 million used by such activities for the three months ended December 31, 2012. Increases in accounts receivable and decreases in customer deposits were significant uses of cash, partially offset by decreases in inventory and prepaid expenses.
 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
 
Our investing activities for the three months ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 consisted of purchases of property, plant and equipment of $0.2 million and $0.1 million, respectively.

Cash Flows from Financing Activities
 
There were no significant cash flows from financing activities in the three months ended December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
As of December 31, 2013, Amtech had no off-balance sheet arrangements as defined in Item 303(a)(4) of Regulation S-K promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission.
 
Contractual Obligations
 
Purchase obligations were $10.7 million as of December 31, 2013, compared to $12.3 million as of September 30, 2013, a decrease of $1.6 million. Refer to Amtech’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2013, for information on the Company’s other contractual obligations.
 

Critical Accounting Policies
 
“Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” discusses our condensed consolidated financial statements that have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period.

On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates and judgments, including those related to revenue recognition, inventory valuation, accounts and notes receivable collectability, warranty and impairment of long-lived assets. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. The results of these estimates and judgments form the basis for making conclusions about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
 
A critical accounting policy is one that is both important to the presentation of our financial position and results of operations, and requires management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. These uncertainties are discussed in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2013. We believe our critical accounting policies relate to the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements.
 
We believe the critical accounting policies discussed in the section entitled “Item 7: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Critical Accounting Policies” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2013 represent the most significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements. There have been no significant changes in our critical accounting policies during the three months ended December 31, 2013.
 
Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements 

For discussion of the impact of recently issued accounting pronouncements, see “Item 1: Financial Information” under “Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements”.



21


Item 3.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
We are exposed to foreign currency exchange rates to the extent sales contracts, purchase contracts, assets or liabilities of our operations are denominated in currencies other than their functional currency. Our operations in the United States are conducted in their functional currency, the U.S. dollar. Our operations in Europe and China conduct business primarily in their functional currencies, the Euro and Renminbi, but occasionally enter into transactions in the U.S. dollar. It is highly uncertain how currency exchange rates will fluctuate in the future. Actual changes in foreign exchange rates could adversely affect our operating results or financial condition.
 
During fiscal 2013 and in the first three months of fiscal 2014, we did not hold any stand-alone or separate derivative instruments. We incurred net foreign currency transaction gains or losses of less than $0.1 million during the three months ended December 31, 2013 and 2012. As of December 31, 2013, our foreign subsidiaries had $1.0 million of assets (cash and accounts receivable) denominated in currencies other than their functional currency. A 10% change in the value of the functional currency relative to the non-functional currency would result in a gain or loss of $0.1 million. As of December 31, 2013, we had $0.1 million of accounts payable, consisting of amounts owed by our foreign subsidiaries to our U.S. companies, denominated in U.S. dollars. Although the intercompany accounts are eliminated in consolidation, a 10% change in the value of the Euro relative to the U.S. dollar would result in a gain or loss of less than $0.1 million. The risk associated with foreign currency translation gains and losses has increased with our 2011 acquisition in China.
 
We incurred foreign currency translation gains of $0.7 million and $1.4 million during the three months ended December 31, 2013, and 2012, respectively, a type of other comprehensive income (loss), which is a direct adjustment to stockholders’ equity. Our net investment in and advances to our foreign operations totaled $43.1 million as of December 31, 2013. A 10% change in the value of the foreign currencies relative to the U.S. dollar would cause approximately $4.3 million of other comprehensive income (loss). The risk associated with foreign currency translation adjustments has increased with our 2011 acquisition in China.
 
During the three months ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, U.S. dollar denominated sales of our European operations were $0.6 million and $0.3 million, respectively. As of December 31, 2013, sales commitments denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of our transacting operation totaled $0.7 million. Our lead-times to fulfill these commitments generally range between 13 and 26 weeks. A 10% change in the relevant exchange rates between the time the order was taken and the time of shipment would not cause our gross profit on such orders to be significantly greater or less than expected on the date the order was taken. As of December 31, 2013, purchase commitments denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of our transacting operation totaled $0.1 million. A 10% change in the relevant exchange rates between the time the purchase order was placed and the time the order is received would not cause our cost of such items to be significantly greater or less than expected on the date the purchase order was placed.
 
Item 4.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Our management, including the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and the Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), has carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2013, pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15(d)-15(e). Based upon that evaluation, our CEO and CFO have concluded that as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures in place are effective.
 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
There has been no change in Amtech’s internal control over financial reporting during the three months ended December 31, 2013 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, its internal control over financial reporting.


22


PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
 
None.

Item 1A.
Risk Factors
 
The most significant risk factors applicable to Amtech are described in Part I, Item 1A (Risk Factors) of Amtech’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2013 (our “2013 Form 10-K”). There have been no material changes to the risk factors previously disclosed on our fiscal 2013 Form 10-K.
 
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
 
None.

Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
 
None.

Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
 
Not applicable.

Item 5.
Other Information
 
None.


Item 6.
Exhibits

31.1
Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Amended
*
 
 
 
31.2
Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Amended
*
 
 
 
32.1
Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
*
 
 
 
32.2
Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
*
 
 
 
101.INS 
XBRL Instance Document
**
 
 
 
101.SCH 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
**
 
 
 
101.PRE 
Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document
**
 
 
 
101.CAL 
XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document
**
 
 
 
101.LAB 
XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase Document
**
 
 
 
101.DEF 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
**
____________________
 

23


*
Filed herewith.

**
Furnished herewith. Pursuant to applicable securities laws and regulations, the Company is deemed to have complied with the reporting obligation relating to the submission of interactive data files in such exhibits and is not subject to liability under any anti-fraud provisions or other liability provisions of the federal securities laws as long as the Company has made a good faith attempt to comply with the submission requirements and promptly amends the interactive data files after becoming aware that the interactive data files fail to comply with the submission requirements. In addition, users of this data are advised that, pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, these interactive data files are not deemed to be filed or otherwise incorporated by reference into any registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933 or Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and otherwise are not subject to liability under these sections.


 



24


SIGNATURES 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
     AMTECH SYSTEMS, INC.
 
By
/s/ Bradley C. Anderson
 
Dated: 
February 6, 2014
 
Bradley C. Anderson
 
 
 
 
Executive Vice President - Finance/Chief Financial Officer
 
 
 
 
(Principal Accounting Officer)
 
 
 


25
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