Anadarko Petroleum 10-K 2010
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009
For the transition period from to
Commission File No. 1-8968
ANADARKO PETROLEUM CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
1201 Lake Robbins Drive, The Woodlands, Texas 77380-1046
(Address of principal executive offices)
Registrants telephone number, including area code (832) 636-1000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes x No ¨ .
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No x.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨.
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ¨.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x Accelerated filer ¨ Non-accelerated filer ¨ Smaller reporting company ¨.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ¨ No x.
The aggregate market value of the Companys common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant on June 30, 2009 was $22.2 billion based on the closing price as reported on the New York Stock Exchange.
The number of shares outstanding of the Companys common stock as of January 29, 2010 is shown below:
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Anadarko Petroleum Corporation is among the largest independent oil and gas exploration and production companies in the world, with 2.3 billion barrels of oil equivalent (BOE) of proved reserves as of December 31, 2009. Anadarkos primary business segments are managed separately due to the nature of the products and services, as well as to the unique technology, distribution and marketing requirements. The Companys three operating segments are:
Oil and gas exploration and production This segment explores for and produces natural gas, crude oil, condensate and natural gas liquids (NGLs). The Companys operations are located onshore United States and in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico, as well as in Algeria, Brazil, China, Cote dIvoire, Ghana, Indonesia, Mozambique, Sierra Leone and other countries.
Midstream This segment provides gathering, processing, treating and transportation services to Anadarko and third-party oil and gas producers. The Company owns and operates natural-gas gathering, processing, treating and transportation systems in the United States.
Marketing This segment sells much of Anadarkos production, as well as hydrocarbons purchased from third parties. The Company actively markets oil, natural gas and NGLs in the United States, and actively markets oil from Algeria and China.
The Company owns interests in several coal, trona (natural soda ash) and industrial mineral properties through non-operated joint ventures and royalty arrangements within and adjacent to its land grant acreage position (Land Grant). The Land Grant consists of land granted by the federal government in the mid-1800s, which passes through Colorado and Wyoming and into Utah. Within the Land Grant, the Company has fee ownership of the mineral rights under approximately 8 million acres.
Unless the context otherwise requires, the terms Anadarko or Company refer to Anadarko Petroleum Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries. The Companys corporate headquarters is located at 1201 Lake Robbins Drive, The Woodlands, Texas 77380-1046, and its telephone number is (832) 636-1000. Additionally, unless noted otherwise, the following information relates to Anadarkos continuing operations and excludes the discontinued Canadian operations. For additional information, see Note 1Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Available Information The Company files or furnishes Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, registration statements and other items with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Anadarko provides access free of charge to all of these SEC filings, as soon as reasonably practicable after filing or furnishing, on its Internet site located at www.anadarko.com. The Company will also make available to any stockholder, without charge, copies of its Annual Report on Form 10-K as filed with the SEC. For copies of this report, or any other filing, please contact Anadarko Petroleum Corporation, Investor Relations Department, P.O. Box 1330, Houston, Texas 77251-1330 or call (832) 636-1216.
In addition, the public may read and copy any materials Anadarko files with the SEC at the SECs Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Room 1580, Washington, DC 20549. The public may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains an Internet site (www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers, like Anadarko, that file electronically with the SEC.
OIL AND GAS PROPERTIES AND ACTIVITIES
The map below illustrates the locations of Anadarkos domestic and international oil and gas exploration and production operations. The Company plans to allocate approximately 90% of its 2010 capital budget to the oil and gas exploration and production segment.
Properties and ActivitiesUnited States
Overview Anadarkos active areas in the United States include onshore in the Lower 48 states and Alaska, and the deepwater Gulf of Mexico. Proved reserves in the United States comprised 89% of Anadarkos total proved reserves at year-end 2009. During 2009, the Companys drilling efforts in the United States resulted in 979 natural-gas wells, 40 oil wells and 21 dry holes. The Company plans to allocate approximately 65% of its 2010 oil and gas exploration and production segment capital budget to properties in the United States.
*West Africa includes:
Anadarko Petroleum Corporation
Gulf of Mexico
Onshore The Company plans to allocate approximately 45% of its 2010 oil and gas exploration and production segment capital budget to onshore properties.
Rocky Mountain Region Anadarkos Rocky Mountain Region (Rockies) properties are located in Colorado, Utah and Wyoming with a primary focus on natural-gas plays. Anadarko operates approximately 13,000 wells and has an interest in approximately 9,400 non-operated wells in the Rockies. Anadarko is an operator of tight gas and coalbed methane (CBM) natural-gas assets, as well as enhanced oil recovery (EOR) projects within the region. Tight gas is found in low-permeability reservoirs containing natural gas. The Company also earns royalty revenues from many operated and non-operated wells located within its Land Grant acreage. Activities in the Rockies focus on expanding the potential of mature fields to increase production and add proved reserves through infill drilling operations, re-completions and re-fracture stimulations of pre-existing wells. In 2009, the Company drilled 724 wells in the Rockies and plans to maintain an active drilling program in the region in 2010.
The Companys operated tight gas assets are located in the Greater Natural Buttes, Wattenberg, Wamsutter and Moxa fields. Pinedale is a non-operated asset within Anadarkos tight gas portfolio. Anadarko uses fracture-stimulation technology to create an enhanced migration pathway for the natural gas to flow to the wellhead. Anadarko operates 7,000 wells and has an interest in 4,000 non-operated wells in these tight gas areas. The Company also benefits from third-party-operator success in the Wyoming portion of its Land Grant acreage and actively pursues farm-out projects to capture incremental royalty revenues from exploration and development activity in the area. In 2010, Anadarko plans to maintain an active drilling program in these tight gas areas.
Anadarko also operates multiple CBM properties in the Rockies. CBM is natural gas that is stored in coal seams. To produce it, water is extracted from the coal seam, which reduces pressure and releases natural gas which then flows to the wellhead. Anadarkos primary CBM properties are located in the Powder River Basin and Atlantic Rim areas in Wyoming and the Helper, Clawson and Cardinal Draw areas in Utah. Anadarko operates approximately 4,600 shallow, low-cost CBM wells and has an interest in approximately 5,200 outside-operated CBM wells in the Rockies. In 2010, Anadarko will continue its active CBM development program primarily in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming.
The Companys EOR operations increase the amount of oil that can be produced from mature reservoirs after primary recovery methods have been completed. During 2009, the Company continued to pursue phased development of its Rockies EOR assets at the Salt Creek and Monell areas in Wyoming. Each area has experienced year-over-year increases in production due to CO 2 injection operations. The Company expects the phased development to continue throughout 2010 for these assets.
Southern Region Anadarkos Southern Region properties are primarily natural-gas plays located in Texas, Pennsylvania and Kansas. Operations in these areas are focused on finding and producing natural-gas resources from tight sands, naturally fractured carbonates and emerging shale plays.
Anadarko is active in the Bossier, Haley, Carthage, Chalk, South Texas and Ozona areas of Texas, where the Company employs vertical and horizontal drilling programs. In 2009, the Company drilled 166 development wells in these areas. Early in 2009, Anadarko reduced its activity in the Bossier and Carthage areas due to a then-existing misalignment between high service costs and low commodity prices. During the course of 2009, drilling efficiency improved in every actively developed field in these areas with almost 30% of all wells drilled setting field records for cycle time. These efficiency gains, combined with lower service costs during the second half of 2009, resulted in a significant improvement in capital efficiency. As a result, increased activity is expected in Carthage in 2010. Although the Hugoton area in Southern Kansas has historically been a long-life, slow-decline asset for Anadarko, the Company expects an increased activity level in the area in 2010 due to recent changes in local regulations controlling the number of wells that may be drilled in a given area.
Anadarkos 2009 onshore exploration program focused primarily on testing and developing emerging shale plays. Anadarko conducted successful exploratory tests in Pennsylvanias Marcellus shale play as well as in Texas Eagleford, Pearsall and Haynesville shale plays. In the Appalachian basin, where the Marcellus shale is being developed, 11 operated horizontal wells were spud and six of the wells were completed in 2009. As a non-operating partner, Anadarko also participated in 40 new horizontal wells and 12 wells were completed in 2009. As of December 31, 2009, Anadarko held interests in approximately 716,000 gross acres (approximately 350,000 net acres) in the Marcellus shale play and operated about half of the acreage with an average working
interest of approximately 50%. In February 2010, the Company announced a joint-venture agreement which permits a third party to participate with the Company as a 32.5% partner in the Companys Marcellus Shale assets, primarily located in north-central Pennsylvania, for approximately $1.4 billion. The third party will earn an interest in approximately 100,000 net acres in exchange for funding 100% of the Companys share of 2010 development costs, and 90% of these costs thereafter, with an estimated funding-completion date of 2013. The third party will also have the opportunity to purchase a 32.5% share of the Companys existing wells and additional acreage acquisitions by reimbursing a proportionate share of the Companys prior expenditures. Closing of this transaction is subject to applicable regulatory approvals and other contractual conditions.
In the Maverick basin, where the Eagleford and Pearsall shale plays are being developed, 15 wells were spud and 10 wells were completed in 2009. As of December 31, 2009, Anadarko held approximately 380,000 gross acres (approximately 180,000 net acres) with an average working interest of approximately 50% in this area. Anadarko is also focusing on the Haynesville shale play in Texas where it currently has eight producing wells. Anadarko drilled six wells and completed five wells in 2009 and is transitioning to a development program. The Company plans to increase its activity in each of these areas in 2010.
Alaska Anadarkos activity in Alaska is concentrated primarily on the North Slope. Development activity continued at the Colville River Unit through 2009 with seven wells drilled. In 2010, the Company anticipates sanctioning of the Alpine West satellite project and participating in approximately 10 development wells.
Gulf of Mexico In the Gulf of Mexico, Anadarko owns an average 66% working interest in 575 blocks and has access to an additional six blocks through participation agreements. The Company operates eight floating platforms, holds interests in 26 producing fields and is in the process of delineating and developing seven additional fields in the area. Anadarko plans to allocate approximately 20% of its 2010 oil and gas exploration and production segment capital budget to the deepwater Gulf of Mexico.
In 2009, Anadarko drilled seven development wells in the Gulf of Mexico. The Company plans to drill nine development wells in the area in 2010. Anadarko utilizes a hub-and-spoke infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico in order to develop resources more quickly and at a substantial cost savings. In September 2008, Hurricane Ike damaged third-party-owned export pipelines downstream of the Marco Polo complex and the Constitution/Ticonderoga fields, thereby limiting production from certain Anadarko fields. Production from these fields returned to full capacity in the third quarter of 2009 as repairs to the third-party-owned infrastructure were completed.
In 2009, Anadarko is continuing to make progress on the Caesar Tonga development project, which is on schedule for first production in early 2011. The field is a sub-sea tieback to the Anadarko-operated and owned Constitution spar. This project is being accelerated by two years through a hub-and-spoke strategy utilizing the existing spar. In 2009, topside construction, modification and installation began on the Constitution spar. Construction, installation, drilling and completion activities will continue to advance the project in 2010.
Anadarkos Gulf of Mexico exploration program is currently focused in the deepwaters of the extensive middle-to-lower Miocene play in the central Gulf of Mexico and the developing lower-Tertiary play in the western Gulf of Mexico. During 2009, Anadarko participated in five successful deepwater wells (Heidelberg, Shenandoah, Samurai, Vito and Lucius) and two delineation wells, at Lucius and Vito, which were still drilling at the end of 2009. Anadarko also drilled four unsuccessful wells in the Gulf of Mexico in 2009. The Company expects to participate in approximately two to four exploration wells and several delineation wells in the area in 2010.
Properties and ActivitiesInternational
Overview The Companys international oil and gas production and development operations are located primarily in Algeria, China and Ghana. The Company also has exploration acreage in Brazil, Cote dIvoire, Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Mozambique, Indonesia and other countries. Approximately 11% of the Companys proved reserves were located in these international locations at year-end 2009. Anadarko drilled 44 wells in international areas in 2009. In 2010, the Company expects to drill approximately 24 development and 20 exploration wells at various international locations. Anadarko plans to allocate approximately 35% of its 2010 oil and gas exploration and production segment capital budget to international areas.
Algeria Anadarko is engaged in development and production activities in Algerias Sahara Desert in Blocks 404 and 208. Currently, all production is from fields in Block 404, which produce through the Hassi Berkine South and Ourhoud Central Production Facilities (CPF). Anadarko reached a major milestone during the year with the awarding of all major contracts for the construction of the CPF and associated infrastructure for the El Merk development project in Block 208. At December 31, 2009, site preparation was well advanced, contractor personnel were being mobilized to the site and long-lead items had been ordered. Initial production is scheduled for late 2011. During 2009, six development wells were drilled in Blocks 404 and 208. During 2010, the Company expects to drill approximately 10 development wells in the two blocks, with a focus on El Merk drilling.
Contracts and Partners Since October 1989, the Companys operations in Algeria have been governed by a Production Sharing Agreement (PSA) between Anadarko, two third parties, and Sonatrach, the national oil and gas company of Algeria. Anadarkos interest in the PSA for Blocks 404 and 208 is 50% before participation at the exploitation stage by Sonatrach. The Company has two partners, each with a 25% interest, also prior to participation by Sonatrach. Under the terms of the PSA, oil reserves that are discovered, developed and produced are shared by Sonatrach, Anadarko and its two partners. Sonatrach is responsible for 51% of the development and production costs. Anadarko and its partners have completed the exploration program on Blocks 404 and 208 and now participate only in development activity on these blocks. Anadarko and its joint-venture partners funded Sonatrachs share of exploration costs and are entitled to recover these exploration costs from production during the development phase.
In March 2006, Anadarko received a letter from Sonatrach purporting to give notice under the PSA that enactment of a law in 2005 (2005 Law), relating to hydrocarbons, triggered Sonatrachs right under the PSA to renegotiate the PSA in order to re-establish the equilibrium of Anadarkos and Sonatrachs interests. Anadarko and Sonatrach reached an impasse over whether Sonatrach had a right to renegotiate the PSA based on the 2005 Law and entered into a formal non-binding conciliation process under the terms of the PSA in an attempt to resolve this dispute. The conciliation on the 2005 Law dispute was concluded in 2007 without a definitive resolution. There have been no further developments on the 2005 Law dispute. At this time, Anadarko is unable to reasonably estimate the economic impact under the PSA if Sonatrach were to succeed in modifying the PSA.
Exceptional Profits Tax In July 2006, the Algerian parliament approved legislation establishing an exceptional profits tax on foreign companies Algerian oil production and issued regulations implementing this legislation. These regulations provide for an exceptional profits tax imposed on gross production at rates of taxation ranging from 5% to 50% based on average daily production volumes for each calendar month in which the price of Brent crude averages over $30 per barrel. Based on the Application Procedure issued in April 2007 by ALNAFT, an agency under the control of the Algerian Ministry of Energy and Mines, the exceptional profits tax is applied to the full value of production and not just to the amount in excess of $30 per barrel.
In January 2007, Sonatrach advised Anadarko that it would begin collecting the exceptional profits tax from Anadarkos share of production commencing with March 2007 liftings, including for the prior months since the new tax went into effect. In response to the Algerian governments imposition of the exceptional profits tax, the Company notified Sonatrach of its disagreement with the collection of the exceptional profits tax. The Company believes that the PSA provides fiscal stability through several of its provisions that require Sonatrach to pay all taxes and royalties. To facilitate discussions between the parties in an effort to resolve the dispute, on October 31, 2007, the Company initiated a conciliation proceeding on the exceptional profits tax as provided in the PSA. Any recommendation issued by a conciliation board (Conciliation Board) arising out of the conciliation proceeding is non-binding on the parties. The Conciliation Board issued its non-binding recommendation on November 26, 2008, which the Company received on December 1, 2008. On February 15, 2009, the Company initiated arbitration against Sonatrach with regard to the exceptional profits tax. In conformance with the terms of the PSA, a notice of arbitration was submitted to Sonatrach. For additional information, see Note 15Other Taxes in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
China Anadarkos development and production activities in China are located offshore in Bohai Bay. Development drilling and recompletion activity was ongoing throughout 2009, and Anadarko drilled 14 wells
during the year. Development continued during 2009 with the approval of a facility expansion and an infill drilling program implemented in order to sustain current-level production. Development drilling activity in 2010 is expected to be similar to 2009 levels. Anadarko drilled one unsuccessful exploration well in Bohai Bay in 2009. During 2010, the Company plans to drill one deepwater exploration well in the South China Sea.
Ghana Anadarkos exploration and development activities in Ghana are located offshore in the West Cape Three Points block and the Deepwater Tano block. A significant milestone was achieved in 2009 with the Ghanaian government formally approving the Jubilee field Phase I Plan of Development and Unitization Agreement. During 2009, the Company and its partners drilled six development wells in the field and awarded all contracts. Approximately 84% of the construction work on a floating production, storage and offloading vessel had been completed by a third-party shipbuilder at December 31, 2009. Anadarko expects initial production from the Jubilee field in late 2010. During 2009, the Company also participated in four successful exploration and appraisal wells. The Tweneboa discovery was announced in early 2009 and an appraisal well was drilling at December 31, 2009. In 2010, the Company plans to participate in five to seven exploration and appraisal wells in the two blocks.
Brazil Anadarko holds exploration interests in seven blocks located offshore Brazil in the Campos and Espírito Santo basins. In these areas, Anadarko drilled three exploration wells and one appraisal well in 2009, including three successful wells at Coalho, Itaipu and Wahoo North. In 2010, Anadarko expects to participate in three to four deepwater exploration and appraisal wells.
Indonesia Anadarko has participating interests in approximately 4.5 million exploration acres in Indonesia through a combination of several operated and non-operated Production Sharing Contracts. The Company participated in two unsuccessful exploration wells in 2009 and plans to participate in two to four exploration wells in 2010.
Mozambique The Company has participating interests in two blocks (one onshore and one offshore) totaling approximately 6.4 million acres. During 2009, Anadarko participated in one offshore exploration well that was drilling at December 31, 2009. Anadarko also drilled one unsuccessful onshore exploration well in 2009. In 2010, the Company plans to drill two to four deepwater exploration wells in this area.
Sierra Leone Anadarkos exploration activities in Sierra Leone are located in blocks 6 and 7 in the Liberian basin. In 2009, Anadarko announced a deepwater discovery at the Venus prospect, which confirmed the presence of an active petroleum system in this frontier basin. In 2010, the Company plans to drill one to three exploration and appraisal wells in the Liberian basin.
Cote dIvoire Anadarko holds interests in two blocks located in the Ivorian basin. The Company participated in one unsuccessful well offshore Cote dIvoire in 2009. In 2010, Anadarko expects to drill one to two exploration wells in the area.
Other Anadarko also has active exploration projects in Liberia and Kenya as well as activities in other potential exploration and new venture areas overseas.
In December 2008, the SEC released the final rule for Modernization of Oil and Gas Reporting. The new rule requires disclosure of oil and gas proved reserves by significant geographic area, using the 12-month average beginning-of-month price for the year, rather than year-end prices, and allows the use of reliable technologies to estimate proved oil and gas reserves, if those technologies have been demonstrated to result in reliable conclusions about reserves volumes. In addition, companies are required to report on the independence and qualifications of its reserves preparer or auditor, and file reports when a third party is relied upon to prepare reserves estimates or conduct a reserves audit.
Reserve and related information for 2009 is presented consistent with the requirements of the new rule. The new rule does not allow prior-year reserve information to be restated, so all information related to periods prior to 2009 is presented consistent with prior SEC rules for the estimation of proved reserves. Prior years have been reclassified to conform to the current-year presentation of significant geographic areas.
Estimates of volumes of proved reserves, net of royalty interests, of natural gas, oil, condensate and NGLs owned at year end are presented in billions of cubic feet (Bcf) at a pressure base of 14.73 pounds per square inch for natural gas and in millions of barrels (MMBbls) for oil, condensate and NGLs. Total volumes are presented in millions of barrels of oil equivalent (MMBOE). For this computation, one barrel is the equivalent of 6,000 cubic feet of gas. NGLs are included with oil and condensate reserves and any associated shrinkage has been deducted from the gas reserves.
Summary of Oil and Gas Reserves as of December 31, 2009
The Companys estimates of proved reserves, proved developed reserves and proved undeveloped reserves (PUDs) at December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007 and changes in proved reserves during the last three years are contained in the Supplemental Information on Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Activities (Supplemental Information) in the Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K. The Company files annual estimates of certain proved oil and gas reserves with the U.S. Department of Energy, which are within 5% of the amounts included in the above estimates.
Also contained in the Supplemental Information in the Consolidated Financial Statements are the Companys estimates of future net cash flows and discounted future net cash flows from proved reserves. See Operating Results and Critical Accounting Estimates under Item 7 of this Form 10-K for additional information on the Companys proved reserves.
Proved Undeveloped Reserves The Company annually reviews all PUDs to ensure an appropriate plan for development exists. Generally, onshore United States PUDs are converted to proved developed reserves within five years. Projects such as enhanced oil recovery, arctic development, deepwater development and international programs may take longer than five years. The Company had 1.9 Tcf and 367 MMBbls of PUDs, totaling 680 MMBOE at December 31, 2009, compared to 677 MMBOE of PUDs at December 31, 2008. In 2009, the Company converted 100 MMBOE, or 15% of the total year-end 2008 PUDs to proved developed reserves (PDP). Approximately $1.0 billion was spent in 2009 associated with development of PUDs. Of the total $1.0 billion spent in 2009, approximately 40% related to three of the Companys major development projectsEl Merk in Algeria, and K2 and Caesar Tonga in the Gulf of Mexico, and approximately 50% was spent on domestic infill drilling programs in the Rockies and Southern Region. The remainder of 2009 PUD spending was primarily associated with other Gulf of Mexico PUD conversions.
The Company has 136 MMBOE of PUDs, as of December 31, 2009, which were reported prior to 2005. Approximately 54% of the Companys PUDs booked prior to 2005 are in Algeria and are being developed according to an Algerian government-approved plan. Nearly all of the Algerian PUDs are associated with the El
Merk development project located on Block 208 in the Berkine basin. Construction of the El Merk CPF is underway and development drilling continues with a targeted production-initiation date of late 2011. Another 20% of the pre-2005 PUDs are associated with various phases of the Salt Creek EOR phased-development program in the Rockies. Since 2003, APC has invested $20 to $145 million per year to develop six different Salt Creek phase areas. The remaining EOR pre-2005 PUD phase areas are scheduled for completion by 2015. Approximately 8% of the pre-2005 PUDs are associated with Gulf of Mexico sidetrack opportunities where platform well slots are currently not available. The Company expects to take advantage of these opportunities by 2015 as it currently awaits the depletion of an existing producing well. The Companys remaining PUDs booked prior to 2005 are associated with multiple domestic onshore fields and are also scheduled for conversion by 2015.
Evaluation and Review Anadarkos estimates of proved reserves and associated future net cash flows as of December 31, 2009 were made solely by the Companys engineers and are the responsibility of management. To ensure confidence in its estimates, the Company maintains internal policies for estimating and recording reserves to comply with the SEC definitions and guidance. Compliance with the SEC reserve guidelines is the primary responsibility of Anadarkos Reserve Management Group (RMG). The Company requires that reserve estimates be made by qualified reserves estimators (QREs), as defined by the Society of Petroleum Engineers standards. All QREs receive education on the fundamentals of SEC reserves reporting, including internal training programs administered by the RMG as well as external industry training.
The RMG is managed through the Companys Finance division, which is separate from its operating divisions, and is responsible for overseeing internal reserve reviews and approving the Companys reserve estimates. The DirectorReserve Administration and the Corporate Reserve Manager manage the RMG and the DirectorCorporate Planning is directly responsible for overseeing the RMG. The DirectorCorporate Planning reports to the Companys Senior Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer, who in turn reports to the Chief Executive Officer.
The Companys principal engineer, who is primarily responsible for overseeing the preparation of proved reserve estimates, has over 20 years of experience in the oil and gas industry, including over 16 years as either a reserve evaluator, trainer or manager. Further professional qualifications include a degree in petroleum engineering, extensive internal and external reserve training, and asset evaluation and management. In addition, the principal engineer is an active participant in industry reserve seminars, professional industry groups and has been a member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers for over 20 years.
Throughout the year, the RMG performs internal audits of significant fields and significant reserve additions and revisions. The procedures and methods of over 80% of the Companys estimates of proved reserves and future net cash flows, as of December 31, 2009, were reviewed by Miller and Lents, Ltd. (M&L). The purpose of the review was to determine that procedures and methods used by Anadarko to estimate its proved reserves were based on generally accepted engineering and evaluation principles and are in accordance with definitions contained in the rules of the SEC. In each review, Anadarkos technical staff presented M&L with an overview of the reserves data, as well as the methods and assumptions used in estimating reserves. The data presented included pertinent seismic information, geologic maps, well logs, production tests, material balance calculations, reservoir simulation models, well performance data, operating procedures and relevant economic criteria. Subsequent to the reviews, M&L was provided with additional data and information that was requested in certain instances to satisfy M&L that the procedures and methods used were in accordance with standard industry practice. Managements intent in retaining M&L to review its procedures and methods is to provide objective third-party input on these procedures and methods and to gather industry information applicable to its reserve estimation and reporting process.
The Audit Committee of the Companys Board of Directors meets with management, the Companys senior reserves engineering personnel and the independent petroleum consultants, M&L, to discuss matters and policies related to reserves.
Sales Volumes, Prices and Production Costs
The following table provides the Companys annual sales volumes, average sales prices and production costs from continuing operations. The Companys sales volumes for 2009, 2008 and 2007 were 220 MMBOE, 206 MMBOE and 211 MMBOE, respectively. Sales volumes for 2007 include approximately 15 MMBOE associated with properties that were divested during 2007. Production costs are costs to operate and maintain the Companys wells and related equipment and include the cost of labor, well service and repair, location maintenance, power and fuel, transportation, cost of product, property taxes and production-related general and administrative costs. Additional information on volumes, prices and production costs is contained in Financial Results under Item 7 of this Form 10-K. Additional detail regarding production costs is contained in the Supplemental Information in the Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K. Information on major customers is contained in Note 18Major Customers in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Sales Revenues and Commodity Derivatives
The following table provides the Companys natural-gas, oil and condensate and NGLs sales revenues and related gains (losses) on commodity derivatives. Anadarko utilizes derivative instruments to manage the Companys cash flow exposure to commodity price risk related to the Companys sales volumes. The gains and losses related to these commodity derivatives are reported in other (income) expense. Additional information on derivative instruments is contained in Note 1 and Note 8 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of the Form 10-K.
The Companys 2009 drilling program focused on proven and emerging oil and natural-gas basins in the United States (onshore and deepwater Gulf of Mexico), and various international locations. Exploration activity consisted of 67 gross completed wells, including 54 onshore U.S. wells, six offshore Gulf of Mexico wells, and seven international wells. Development activity consisted of 1,020 gross completed wells, which included 974 onshore wells, six offshore Gulf of Mexico wells, and 40 international wells.
The following table shows the number of oil and gas wells completed in each of the last three years:
The following table shows the number of wells in the process of drilling or in active completion stages and the number of wells suspended or waiting on completion as of December 31, 2009:
As of December 31, 2009, the Company had an ownership interest in productive wells as follows:
Properties and Leases
The following schedule shows the number of developed lease, undeveloped lease and fee mineral acres in which Anadarko held interests at December 31, 2009:
MIDSTREAM PROPERTIES AND ACTIVITIES
Anadarko invests in midstream (gathering, processing, treating and transporting) systems to complement its oil and gas operations in regions where the Company has natural-gas production. Through ownership and operation of these facilities, the Company is better able to manage its costs associated with, and value received for gathering, processing, treating and transporting natural gas. In addition, Anadarkos midstream business also provides midstream services to third-party customers, including major and independent producers. Anadarko generates revenues from its midstream activities through fixed-fee, percent-of-proceeds, and keep-whole agreements. For 2010, Anadarko plans to allocate approximately 8% of the Companys capital budget to the midstream segment.
Anadarko significantly increased the size and scope of its midstream business through its 2006 acquisitions of Western Gas Resources, Inc. (Western) and Kerr-McGee Corporation (Kerr-McGee). At the end of 2009, Anadarko had 28 systems located throughout major onshore producing basins in Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas.
In 2008, Western Gas Partners, LP (WES), a subsidiary of Anadarko, completed its initial public offering of 20.8 million common units for net proceeds of $321 million ($343 million less $22 million for underwriting
discounts and structuring fees). WES is a Delaware publicly traded limited partnership formed by Anadarko to own, operate, acquire and develop midstream assets. Anadarko contributed assets to WES in exchange for an aggregate 59.6% limited partner interest (consisting of common and subordinated limited partner units) in WES, a 2% general partner interest and incentive distribution rights (IDRs). IDRs entitle the holder to specified increasing percentages of cash distributions as WESs per-unit cash distributions increase. In addition, Anadarko maintains control over the assets owned by WES through its ownership of the general partner. Anadarko holds an aggregate 54.8% limited partner interest in WES, a 2% general partner interest and IDRs as of December 31, 2009.
The following table provides key statistics for Company-owned gathering and processing facilities at December 31, 2009.
The Companys marketing segment actively manages Anadarkos natural-gas, crude-oil, condensate and NGLs sales. In marketing its production, the Company attempts to minimize market-related shut-ins, maximize realized prices, and manage credit-risk exposure. The Companys sales of natural gas, crude oil, condensate and NGLs are generally made at the market prices for those products at the time of sale. The Company also purchases natural-gas, crude-oil, condensate and NGLs volumes from third parties, primarily near Anadarkos production areas, to aggregate larger volumes, which in turn, better positions the Company to fully utilize transportation capacity, attract creditworthy customers, facilitate efforts to maximize prices received and minimize balancing issues with customers and pipelines during operational disruptions.
The Company sells natural gas under a variety of contracts. The Company has the marketing capability to move large volumes of gas into and out of the daily gas market to capitalize on price volatility. The Company may also engage in limited trading activities for the purpose of generating profits from exposure to changes in market prices of natural gas, crude oil, condensate and NGLs. The Company does not engage in market-making practices and limits its marketing activities to natural-gas, crude-oil and NGLs commodity contracts. The Companys marketing risk position is typically a net short position (reflecting agreements to sell natural gas, crude oil and NGLs in the future for specific prices) that is offset by the Companys natural long position as a producer (reflecting ownership of underlying natural-gas and crude-oil reserves). See Energy Price Risk under item 7A of this Form 10-K.
Natural Gas Natural gas continues to fulfill a significant portion of North Americas energy needs and the Company believes the importance of natural gas in meeting this energy need will continue. Anadarko markets its natural-gas production to maximize the commodity value and to reduce the inherent risks of the physical- commodity markets. Anadarko Energy Services Company, a wholly owned subsidiary of Anadarko, is a marketing company offering supply-assurance, competitive-pricing and risk-management services in addition to other services which are tailored to its customers needs. The Company sells natural gas under a variety of contracts and may also receive a service fee related to the level of reliability and service required by the customer.
The Company controls a significant amount of natural-gas firm transportation capacity that is used to ensure access to downstream markets, which enhances the Companys ability to produce its natural gas. This transportation capacity also provides the opportunity to capture incremental value when pricing differentials between physical locations are present. The Company also stores natural gas in contracted storage facilities to minimize operational disruptions to its ongoing operations and to take advantage of seasonal price differentials. Normally, the Company will have forward contracts in place (physical-delivery or financial derivative instruments) to sell the stored gas at a fixed price.
Crude Oil, Condensate and NGLs Anadarkos crude-oil, condensate and NGLs revenues are derived from production in the United States, Algeria, China and other international areas. Most of the Companys U.S. crude-oil and NGLs production is sold under contracts with prices based on market indices, adjusted for location, quality and transportation. Oil from Algeria is sold by tanker as Saharan Blend to customers primarily in the Mediterranean area. Saharan Blend is a high-quality crude that provides refiners large quantities of premium products such as jet and diesel fuel. Oil from China is sold by tanker as Cao Fei Dian (CFD) Blend to customers primarily in the Far East markets. CFD Blend is a heavy sour crude oil which is sold into both the prime fuels refining market and the heavy fuel oil blend stock market. The Company also purchases and sells third-party-produced crude oil, condensate and NGLs in the Companys domestic and international market areas, as well as utilizes contracted NGLs storage facilities to capture market opportunities and to help minimize fractionation and downstream infrastructure disruptions.
CURRENT MARKET CONDITIONS AND COMPETITION
In 2008, most segments in the global economy experienced a sharp downturn. Markets improved in 2009, but economic uncertainty remained. This economic uncertainty, along with recent commodity price volatility, has made the creditworthiness, liquidity and financial position of the Companys counterparties increasingly difficult to evaluate. For this reason, the Company has emphasized its monitoring of counterparty risk. Although Anadarko has not experienced any material financial losses associated with third-party credit deterioration, in certain situations, the Company has declined to transact with some counterparties and has changed its sales terms to require some counterparties to pay in advance or post letters of credit for purchases.
The oil and gas business is highly competitive in the exploration for and acquisition of reserves and in the gathering and marketing of oil and gas production. The Companys competitors include national oil companies, major oil and gas companies, independent oil and gas companies, individual producers, gas marketers and major pipeline companies, as well as participants in other industries supplying energy and fuel to industrial, commercial and individual consumers.
For additional information on operations by segment location, see Note 19Segment Information in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
As of December 31, 2009, the Company had approximately 4,300 employees. Anadarko considers its relations with its employees to be satisfactory. The Companys employees are not represented by any union. The Company has had no significant work stoppages or strikes associated with its employees.
REGULATORY MATTERS, ENVIRONMENTAL AND ADDITIONAL FACTORS AFFECTING BUSINESS
See Risk Factors under Item 1A and Liquidity and Capital ResourcesObligations and ContingenciesEnvironmental under Item 7 of this Form 10-K.
TITLE TO PROPERTIES
As is customary in the oil and gas industry, only a preliminary title review is conducted at the time properties believed to be suitable for drilling operations are acquired by the Company. Prior to the commencement of drilling operations, a thorough title examination of the drill site tract is conducted and curative work is performed with respect to significant defects, if any, before proceeding with operations. Anadarko believes the title to its leasehold properties is good and defensible in accordance with standards generally acceptable in the oil and gas industry subject to such exceptions that, in the opinion of legal counsel for the Company, are not so material as to detract substantially from the use of such properties.
The leasehold properties owned by the Company are subject to royalty, overriding royalty and other outstanding interests customary in the industry. The properties may be subject to burdens such as liens incident to operating agreements and current taxes, development obligations under oil and gas leases and other encumbrances, easements and restrictions. Anadarko does not believe any of these burdens will materially interfere with its use of these properties.
CAUTIONARY STATEMENT ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
The Company has made in this report, and may from time to time otherwise make in other public filings, press releases and discussions with Company management, forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 concerning the Companys operations, economic performance and financial condition. These forward-looking statements include information concerning future production and reserves, schedules, plans, timing of development, contributions from oil and gas properties, marketing and midstream activities and those statements preceded by, followed by or that otherwise include the words may, could, believes, expects, anticipates, intends, estimates, projects, target, goal, plans, objective, should or similar expressions or variations on such expressions. For such statements, the Company claims the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Although the Company believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, it can give no assurance that such expectations will prove to have been correct. Anadarko undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
These forward-looking statements involve risk and uncertainties. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the Companys expectations include, but are not limited to, the following risks and uncertainties:
Oil, natural-gas and NGLs prices are volatile. A substantial or extended decline in prices could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Prices for oil, natural gas and NGLs can fluctuate widely. Our revenues, operating results and future rate of growth are highly dependent on the prices we receive for our oil, natural gas and NGLs. Historically, the markets for oil, natural gas and NGLs have been volatile and may continue to be volatile in the future. The factors influencing the prices of oil, natural gas and NGLs are beyond our control. These factors include, among others:
The long-term effect of these and other factors on the prices of oil, natural gas and NGLs are uncertain. Prolonged or substantial declines in these commodity prices may have the following effects on our business:
Our domestic operations are subject to governmental risks that may impact our operations.
Our domestic operations have been, and at times in the future may be, affected by political developments and are subject to complex federal, state, tribal, local and other laws and regulations such as restrictions on production, permitting, changes in taxes, deductions, royalties and other amounts payable to governments or governmental agencies, price or gathering-rate controls, hydraulic fracturing and environmental protection regulations. In order to conduct our operations in compliance with these laws and regulations, we must obtain and maintain numerous permits, approvals and certificates from various federal, state, tribal and local governmental authorities. We may incur substantial costs in order to maintain compliance with these existing laws and regulations. In addition, our costs of compliance may increase if existing laws, including environmental and tax laws, and regulations are revised or reinterpreted, or if new laws and regulations become applicable to our operations. For example, currently proposed federal legislation, that, if adopted, could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations, includes the following:
Our debt and other financial commitments may limit our financial and operating flexibility.
As of December 31, 2009, our total debt was approximately $12.7 billion, which included a $1.6 billion note payable from a midstream subsidiary to a related party. We also have various commitments for operating leases, drilling contracts and transportation and purchase obligations for services and products. Our financial commitments could have important consequences to our business. For example, they could:
A downgrade in our credit rating could negatively impact our cost of and ability to access capital.
As of December 31, 2009, Standard and Poors (S&P) and Moodys Investors Service (Moodys) rated our debt at BBB- and Baa3, respectively, both with a stable outlook. Although we are not aware of any current plans of S&P or Moodys to lower their respective ratings on our debt, we cannot be assured that our credit ratings will not be downgraded. A downgrade in our credit ratings could negatively impact our cost of capital or our ability to effectively execute aspects of our strategy. If we were to be downgraded, it could be difficult for us to raise debt in the public debt markets and the cost of that new debt could be much higher than our outstanding debt. The only outstanding debt we have that contains credit-rating-downgrade triggers that would accelerate the maturity date of the outstanding debt is a $1.6 billion midstream note held by one of our subsidiaries, the maturity of which could accelerate if our senior unsecured credit rating were to be rated below BB- by S&P or Ba3 by Moodys. The $1.6 billion midstream note is unconditionally guaranteed by Anadarko and, jointly and severally, by certain midstream subsidiaries. In addition, a downgrade in our credit ratings to below investment grade could result in additional collateralization requirements related to financial derivative liabilities with certain counterparties. At December 31, 2009, the Company had liabilities of $146 million subject to credit-rating-downgrade triggers. See Note 8Derivative Instruments in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
We are, and in the future may become, involved in legal proceedings related to Tronox and, as a result, may incur substantial costs in connection with those proceedings.
Prior to its acquisition by Anadarko, Kerr-McGee, through an initial public offering and spin-off transaction, disposed of its chemical manufacturing business. A new publicly traded corporation, Tronox, resulted from this transaction. After the Tronox initial public offering and spin off, Kerr-McGee was acquired by Anadarko and as a result became a subsidiary of Anadarko. Under the terms of a Master Separation Agreement, which was entered into in connection with the Tronox initial public offering, Kerr-McGee agreed to reimburse Tronox for certain qualifying environmental-remediation costs associated with those businesses, subject to certain limitations and conditions and up to a maximum aggregate amount of $100 million. However, as described below, Tronox and third parties have claimed that Kerr-McGee and Anadarko have additional liability for costs allegedly attributable to the facilities and operations owned by Tronox and for Kerr-McGees activities prior to the date Anadarko acquired Kerr-McGee.
In January 2009, Tronox and certain of its subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York. In connection with these bankruptcy cases, Tronox filed a lawsuit against Anadarko and Kerr-McGee asserting a number of claims, including claims for actual and constructive fraudulent conveyance. Tronox alleges, among other things, that it was insolvent or undercapitalized at the time it was spun off from Kerr-McGee. Tronox seeks to recover an unspecified amount of damages, including interest, from Kerr-McGee and Anadarko as well as punitive damages, and litigation fees and costs. In addition, Tronox seeks to equitably subordinate and/or disallow all claims asserted by the Company in the bankruptcy cases.
The United States filed a motion to intervene in the Tronox lawsuit, asserting that it has an independent cause of action against Anadarko, Kerr-McGee and Tronox under the Federal Debt Collection Procedures Act relating primarily to environmental cleanup obligations allegedly owed to the United States by Tronox. That motion to intervene has been granted, and the United States is now a co-plaintiff against Anadarko and Kerr-McGee in Tronoxs pending bankruptcy litigation.
In addition, a consolidated class action complaint has been filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York on behalf of purported purchasers of Tronoxs equity and debt securities between November 21, 2005 and January 12, 2009 against Kerr-McGee, Anadarko and others. The complaint alleges causes of action arising pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for purported misstatements and omissions regarding, among other things, Tronoxs environmental-remediation and tort claim liabilities. The plaintiffs allege that these purported misstatements and omissions are contained in certain of Tronoxs public filings, including filings made in connection with Tronoxs initial public offering. The plaintiffs seek an unspecified amount of compensatory damages, including interest thereon, as well as litigation fees and costs.
The adverse resolution of any proceedings related to Tronox could subject us to significant monetary damages and other penalties, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, results of operations and financial condition.
For additional information regarding the nature and status of these and other material legal proceedings, please see Legal Proceedings under Item 3 of this Form 10-K.
Our proved reserves are estimates. Any material inaccuracies in our reserve estimates or assumptions underlying our reserve estimates could cause the quantities and net present value of our reserves to be overstated or understated.
There are numerous uncertainties inherent in estimating quantities of proved reserves, including many factors beyond our control that could cause the quantities and net present value of our reserves to be overstated. The reserve information included or incorporated by reference in this report represents estimates prepared by our internal engineers. The procedures and methods for estimating the reserves by our internal engineers were reviewed by independent petroleum consultants. Estimation of reserves is not an exact science. Estimates of economically recoverable oil and natural-gas reserves and of future net cash flows necessarily depend upon a number of variable factors and assumptions, any of which may cause these estimates to vary considerably from actual results, such as:
Estimates of reserves based on risk of recovery and estimates of expected future net cash flows prepared by different engineers, or by the same engineers at different times, may vary substantially. Actual production, revenues and expenditures with respect to our reserves will likely vary from estimates, and the variance may be material. The discounted cash flows included in this report should not be construed as the current market value of the estimated oil and natural-gas reserves attributable to our properties. In accordance with SEC requirements effective January 1, 2010, the estimated discounted future net cash flows from proved reserves are based upon average 12-month sales prices using the average beginning-of-month price, while actual future prices and costs may be materially higher or lower.
Failure to replace reserves may negatively affect our business.
Our future success depends upon our ability to find, develop or acquire additional oil and natural-gas reserves that are economically recoverable. Our proved reserves generally decline when reserves are produced, unless we conduct successful exploration or development activities or acquire properties containing proved reserves, or both. We may be unable to find, develop or acquire additional reserves on an economic basis. Furthermore, if oil and natural-gas prices increase, our costs for finding or acquiring additional reserves could also increase.
Poor general economic, business or industry conditions may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, liquidity and financial condition.
Recently, concerns over inflation, energy costs, geopolitical issues, the availability and cost of credit, the United States mortgage market and a declining real estate market in the United States have contributed to increased economic uncertainty and diminished expectations for the global economy.
These factors, combined with volatile oil, natural-gas and NGLs prices, declining business and consumer confidence, and increased unemployment, have precipitated an economic slowdown and a recession. Concerns
about global economic conditions have had a significant adverse impact on global financial markets and commodity prices. If the economic climate in the United States or abroad continues to deteriorate, or if an economic recovery is slow or prolonged, demand for petroleum products could continue to diminish or stagnate, which could impact the price at which we can sell our oil, natural gas and NGLs, affect our vendors, suppliers and customers ability to continue operations, and ultimately adversely impact our results of operations, liquidity and financial condition.
Our results of operations could be adversely affected by asset impairments.
As a result of mergers and acquisitions, at December 31, 2009 we had approximately $5.3 billion of goodwill on our balance sheet. Goodwill is not amortized, but instead must be tested at least annually for impairment, and more frequently when circumstances indicate likely impairment, by applying a fair-value-based test. Goodwill is considered impaired to the extent that its carrying amount exceeds its implied fair value. Various factors could lead to goodwill impairments that could have a substantial negative effect on our profitability, such as if the Company is unable to replace the value of its depleting asset base or if other adverse events, such as lower sustained oil and gas prices, reduce the fair value of the associated reporting unit.
We are subject to complex laws and regulations relating to environmental protection that can adversely affect the cost, manner and feasibility of doing business.
Our operations and properties are subject to numerous federal, state, tribal, local and foreign laws and regulations relating to environmental protection from the time projects commence until abandonment. These laws and regulations govern, among other things:
In addition, these laws and regulations may impose substantial liabilities for our failure to comply with them or for any contamination resulting from our operations. Future environmental laws and regulations, such as proposed legislation regulating climate change, may negatively impact our industry. The cost of meeting these requirements may have an adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. For a description of certain environmental proceedings in which we are involved, see Legal Proceedings under Item 3 of this Form 10-K.
We are vulnerable to risks associated with our offshore operations that could negatively impact our operations and financial results.
We conduct offshore operations in the Gulf of Mexico, Ghana, Mozambique, Brazil, China and other countries in West Africa. Our operations and financial results could be significantly impacted by conditions in some of these areas, such as the Gulf of Mexico, because we explore and produce extensively in those areas. As a result of this activity, we are vulnerable to the risks associated with operating offshore, including those relating to:
In addition, we are currently conducting some of our exploration in the deep waters (greater than 1,000 feet) of the Gulf of Mexico, where operations are more difficult and costly than in shallower waters. The deep waters in the Gulf of Mexico lack the physical and oilfield service infrastructure present in its shallower waters. As a result, deepwater operations may require a significant amount of time between a discovery and the time that we can market our production, thereby increasing the risk involved with these operations.
Further, production of reserves from reservoirs in the Gulf of Mexico generally declines more rapidly than from reservoirs in many other producing regions of the world. This results in recovery of a relatively higher percentage of reserves from properties in the Gulf of Mexico during the initial few years of production and, as a result, our reserve replacement needs from new prospects may be greater there than for our operations elsewhere. Also, our revenues and return on capital will depend significantly on prices prevailing during these relatively short production periods.
We operate in other countries and are subject to political, economic and other uncertainties.
Our operations outside the United States are based primarily in Algeria, Brazil, China, Cote dIvoire, Ghana, Indonesia, Liberia, Mozambique and Sierra Leone. As a result, we face political and economic risks and other uncertainties with respect to our international operations. These risks may include, among other things:
For example, in 2006, the Algerian parliament approved legislation establishing an exceptional profits tax on foreign companies Algerian oil production and issued regulations implementing this legislation. In response to the Algerian governments imposition of the exceptional profits tax, we notified Sonatrach of our disagreement with the collection of the exceptional profits tax. In February 2009, we initiated arbitration against Sonatrach with regard to the exceptional profits tax. For additional information, see Note 15Other Taxes of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Our international operations may also be adversely affected by laws and policies of the United States affecting foreign trade and taxation.
Realization of any of the factors listed above could materially and adversely affect our financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
Our commodity-price-risk management and trading activities may prevent us from benefiting fully from price increases and may expose us to other risks.
To the extent that we engage in commodity-price-risk management activities to protect our cash flow from commodity price declines, we may be prevented from realizing the full benefits of price increases above the levels of the derivative instruments used to manage price risk. In addition, our commodity-price-risk management and trading activities may expose us to the risk of financial loss in certain circumstances, including instances in which:
The credit risk of financial institutions could adversely affect us.
We have exposure to different counterparties, and we have entered into transactions with counterparties in the financial services industry, including commercial banks, investment banks, insurance companies, investment funds and other institutions. These transactions expose us to credit risk in the event of default of our counterparty. Deterioration in the credit markets may impact the credit ratings of our current and potential counterparties and affect their ability to fulfill their existing obligations to us and their willingness to enter into future transactions with us. We have exposure to these financial institutions through our derivative transactions. In addition, if any lender under our credit facility is unable to fund its commitment, our liquidity will be reduced by an amount up to the aggregate amount of such lenders commitment under our credit facility.
We may not be insured against all of the operating risks to which our business is exposed.
Our business is subject to all of the operating risks normally associated with the exploration for and production, gathering, processing and transportation of oil and gas, including hurricanes, blowouts, cratering and fire, any of which could result in damage to, or destruction of, oil and natural-gas wells or formations or production facilities and other property and injury to persons. As protection against financial loss resulting from these operating hazards, we maintain insurance coverage, including certain physical damage, employers liability, comprehensive general liability and workers compensation insurance. However, we are not fully insured against all risks in all aspects of our business, such as political risk, business-interruption risk and risk of major terrorist attacks and piracy. The occurrence of a significant event against which we are not fully insured could have a material adverse effect on our financial position.
Material differences between the estimated and actual timing of critical events may affect the completion of and commencement of production from development projects.
We are involved in several large development projects. Key factors that may affect the timing and outcome of such projects include:
Delays and differences between estimated and actual timing of critical events may affect the forward-looking statements related to large development projects.
The oil and gas exploration and production industry is very competitive, and some of our exploration and production competitors have greater financial and other resources than we do.
The oil and gas business is highly competitive in the search for and acquisition of reserves and in the gathering and marketing of oil and gas production. Our competitors include national oil companies, major oil and gas companies, independent oil and gas companies, individual producers, gas marketers and major pipeline companies, as well as participants in other industries supplying energy and fuel to industrial, commercial and individual consumers. Some of our competitors may have greater and more diverse resources upon which to draw than we do. If we are not successful in our competition for oil and gas reserves or in our marketing of production, our financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected.
The high cost or unavailability of drilling rigs, equipment, supplies, personnel and other oil field services could adversely affect our ability to execute our exploration and development plans on a timely basis and within our budget, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
Our industry is cyclical and, from time to time, there is a shortage of drilling rigs, equipment, supplies or qualified personnel. During these periods, the costs of rigs, equipment, supplies and personnel are substantially greater and their availability may be limited. Additionally, these services may not be available on commercially reasonable terms. The high cost or unavailability of drilling rigs, equipment, supplies, personnel and other oil field services could adversely affect our ability to execute our exploration and development plans on a timely basis and within our budget, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
Our drilling activities may not be productive.
Drilling for oil and natural gas involves numerous risks, including the risk that we will not encounter commercially productive oil or gas reservoirs. The costs of drilling, completing and operating wells are often uncertain, and drilling operations may be curtailed, delayed or canceled as a result of a variety of factors, including:
Certain of our future drilling activities may not be successful and, if unsuccessful, this failure could have an adverse effect on our future results of operations and financial condition. While all drilling, whether developmental or exploratory, involves these risks, exploratory drilling involves greater risks of dry holes or failure to find commercial quantities of hydrocarbons. Because of the percentage of our capital budget devoted to high-risk exploratory projects, it is likely that we will continue to experience significant exploration and dry hole expenses.
We have limited control over the activities on properties we do not operate.
Other companies operate some of the properties in which we have an interest. We have limited ability to influence or control the operation or future development of these non-operated properties or the amount of capital expenditures that we are required to fund with respect to them. Our dependence on the operator and other working interest owners for these projects and our limited ability to influence or control the operation and future development of these properties could materially adversely affect the realization of our targeted returns on capital and lead to unexpected future costs.
Our ability to sell our natural-gas and crude-oil production could be materially harmed if we fail to obtain adequate services such as transportation.
The marketability of our production depends in part upon the availability, proximity and capacity of pipeline facilities and tanker transportation. If any of the pipelines or tankers become unavailable, we would be required to find a suitable alternative to transport the gas and oil, which could increase our costs and/or reduce the revenues we might obtain from the sale of the gas and oil.
Provisions in our corporate documents and Delaware law could delay or prevent a change of control of Anadarko, even if that change would be beneficial to our stockholders.
Our restated certificate of incorporation and by-laws contain provisions that may make a change of control of Anadarko difficult, even if it may be beneficial to our stockholders, including provisions governing the classification, nomination and removal of directors, prohibiting stockholder action by written consent and regulating the ability of our stockholders to bring matters for action before annual stockholder meetings, and the authorization given to our Board of Directors to issue and set the terms of preferred stock.
In addition, Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law imposes restrictions on mergers and other business combinations between us and any holder of 15% or more of our outstanding common stock.
We may reduce or cease to pay dividends on our common stock.
We can provide no assurance that we will continue to pay dividends at the current rate or at all. The amount of cash dividends, if any, to be paid in the future will depend upon their declaration by our Board of Directors and upon our financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, the levels of our capital and exploration expenditures, our future business prospects and other related matters that our Board of Directors deems relevant.
The loss of key members of our management team, or difficulty attracting and retaining experienced technical personnel, could reduce our competitiveness and prospects for future success.
The successful implementation of our strategies and handling of other issues integral to our future success will depend, in part, on our experienced management team. The loss of key members of our management team, including James T. Hackett, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, could have an adverse effect on our business. We entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Hackett to secure his employment with us. We do not carry key man insurance. Our exploratory drilling success and the success of other activities integral to our operations will depend, in part, on our ability to attract and retain experienced explorationists, engineers and other professionals. Competition for such professionals is intense. If we cannot retain our technical personnel or attract additional experienced technical personnel, our ability to compete could be harmed.
The Company has no outstanding or unresolved SEC staff comments.
GENERAL The Company is a defendant in a number of lawsuits and is involved in governmental proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business, including, but not limited to, royalty claims, contract claims and environmental claims. The Company has also been named as a defendant in various personal injury claims, including claims by employees of third-party contractors alleging exposure to asbestos, silica and benzene while working at refineries (previously owned by predecessors of acquired companies) located in Texas, California and Oklahoma. While the ultimate outcome and impact on the Company cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes that the resolution of these proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on the consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flow of the Company.
TRONOX PROCEEDINGS In January 2009, Tronox and certain of its subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York. In connection with those bankruptcy cases, Tronox filed a lawsuit against Anadarko and Kerr-McGee asserting a number of claims, including claims for actual and constructive fraudulent conveyance. Tronox alleges, among other things, that it was insolvent or undercapitalized at the time it was spun off from Kerr-McGee. Tronox seeks, among other things, to recover an unspecified amount of damages, including interest, from Kerr-McGee and Anadarko as well as punitive damages, and litigation fees and costs. In addition, Tronox seeks to equitably subordinate and/or disallow all claims asserted by Anadarko and Kerr-McGee in the bankruptcy cases. Anadarko and Kerr-McGee have moved to dismiss the complaint in its entirety. That motion has been briefed and argued, and is currently awaiting decision by the Court.
The United States filed a motion to intervene in the Tronox lawsuit, asserting that it has an independent cause of action against Anadarko, Kerr-McGee and Tronox under the Federal Debt Collection Procedures Act relating primarily to environmental cleanup obligations allegedly owed to the United States by Tronox. That motion to intervene has been granted, and the United States is now a co-plaintiff against Anadarko and Kerr-McGee in Tronoxs pending bankruptcy litigation. Anadarko and Kerr-McGee have moved to dismiss the United States intervention complaint, but that motion currently has been stayed by order of the Court.
Tronox and the United States have entered into an agreement that contemplates, among other things, that the United States will receive an 88% interest in any recovery from the claims against Anadarko and Kerr-McGee that Tronox has asserted in the litigation described above. The remaining 12% interest in any recovery will be distributed to certain persons who have filed tort claims against the Tronox debtors in the bankruptcy cases. That agreement is subject to certain contingencies, including various levels of governmental approvals, definitive and final documentation, and final approval from the Court. That agreement could be opposed by other interested parties, including Anadarko and Kerr-McGee. Therefore, it is unclear whether this or any other such agreement between Tronox and the United States will be approved or implemented, or what, if any, effect such an agreement might have on the course, cost or outcome of the bankruptcy litigation.
In addition, a consolidated class action complaint has been filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York on behalf of purported purchasers of Tronoxs equity and debt securities between November 21, 2005 and January 12, 2009 against Kerr-McGee, Anadarko and others. The complaint alleges causes of action arising pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for purported misstatements and omissions regarding, among other things, Tronoxs environmental-remediation and tort claim liabilities. The plaintiffs allege that these purported misstatements and omissions are contained in certain of Tronoxs public filings, including in connection with Tronoxs initial public offering. The plaintiffs seek an unspecified amount of compensatory damages, including interest thereon, as well as litigation fees and costs.
These proceedings are at a very early stage and the Company intends to defend itself vigorously.
OTHER MATTERS The Company is subject to other legal proceedings, claims and liabilities which arise in the ordinary course of its business. In the opinion of Anadarko, the liability with respect to these actions will not have a material effect on the consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flow of the Company.
There were no matters submitted to a vote of security holders during the fourth quarter of 2009.
EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT
Mr. Hackett was named Chief Executive Officer in December 2003 and assumed the additional role of Chairman of the Board in January 2006. He also served as President from December 2003 to February 2010. Prior to joining Anadarko, he served as President and Chief Operating Officer of Devon Energy Corporation following its merger with Ocean Energy, Inc. in April 2003. Mr. Hackett served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Ocean Energy, Inc. from March 1999 to April 2003 and as Chairman of the Board from January 2000 to April 2003. He currently serves as a director of Fluor Corporation and Halliburton Company and serves as Chairman of the Board of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
Mr. Walker was named Chief Operating Officer in March 2009 and assumed the additional role of President in February 2010. He previously served as Senior Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer from September 2005 until his appointment as Chief Operating Officer. Prior to joining Anadarko, he served as Managing Director for the Global Energy Group of UBS Investment Bank from 2003 to 2005. He has served as a director of Temple- Inland, Inc. since November 2008. Since August 2007, he has also served as a director of Western Gas Holdings, LLC, the general partner of WES, and served as the general partners Chairman of the Board from August 2007 to September 2009.
Mr. Daniels was named Senior Vice President, Worldwide Exploration in December 2006, Senior Vice President, Exploration and Production in 2004 and Vice President, Canada in 2001. Prior to this position, he served in various managerial roles in the Exploration Department for Anadarko Algeria Company, LLC. He has worked for the Company since 1985.
Mr. Gwin was named Senior Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer in March 2009 and had previously served as Senior Vice President since March 2008. He also has served as Chairman of the Board of Western Gas Holdings, LLC since October 2009 and as a director since August 2007. Mr. Gwin also served as President of Western Gas Holdings, LLC from August 2007 to September 2009 and as Chief Executive Officer of Western Gas Holdings, LLC from August 2007 to January 2010. He joined Anadarko in January 2006 as Vice President, Finance and Treasurer. Prior to joining Anadarko, he served as President and CEO of Prosoft Learning Corporation from November 2002 to November 2004 and as Chairman from November 2002 to February 2006, and prior to that served as its Chief Financial Officer from August 2000 to November 2002. Previously, Mr. Gwin spent 10 years at Prudential Capital Group in merchant banking roles of increasing responsibility, including serving as Managing Director with responsibility for the firms energy investments worldwide.
Mr. Meloy was named Senior Vice President, Worldwide Operations in December 2006 and had served as Senior Vice President, Gulf of Mexico and International Operations since the acquisition of Kerr-McGee in August 2006. Prior to joining Anadarko, he served Kerr-McGee as Vice President of Exploration and Production from 2005 to 2006, Vice President of Gulf of Mexico Exploration, Production and Development from 2004 to 2005, Vice President and Managing Director of Kerr-McGee North Sea (U.K.) Limited from 2002 to 2004 and Vice President of Gulf of Mexico Deep Water from 2000 to 2002. Mr. Meloy has also served as a director of Western Gas Holdings, LLC since February 2009.
Mr. Reeves was named Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Chief Administrative Officer in February 2007. He had previously served as Senior Vice President, Corporate Affairs & Law and Chief Governance Officer since 2004. Prior to joining Anadarko, he served as Executive Vice President, Administration and General Counsel of North Sea New Ventures from 2003 to 2004, and as Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of Ocean Energy, Inc. and its predecessor companies from 1997 to 2003. He has also served as a director of Key Energy Services, Inc., a publicly traded oilfield services company, since October 2007, and as a director of Western Gas Holdings, LLC since August 2007.
Ms. Douglas was named Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer in November 2008 and had served as Corporate Controller from September 2007 to March 2009. She served as Assistant Controller from July 2006 to September 2007. Ms. Douglas also served as Director, Accounting, Policy and Coordination from October 2006 to September 2007 and Financial Reporting and Policy Manager from January 2003 to October 2006. She joined Anadarko in 1979.
Officers of Anadarko are elected at an organizational meeting of the Board of Directors following the annual meeting of stockholders, which is expected to occur on May 18, 2010, and hold office until their successors are duly elected and shall have qualified. There are no family relationships between any directors or executive officers of Anadarko.
As of January 31, 2010, there were approximately 15,680 record holders of Anadarko common stock. The common stock of Anadarko is traded on the New York Stock Exchange. The following shows information regarding the closing market price of and dividends declared and paid on the Companys common stock by quarter for 2009 and 2008.
The amount of future common stock dividends will depend on earnings, financial condition, capital requirements and other factors, and will be determined by the Board of Directors on a quarterly basis. For additional information, see Liquidity and Capital ResourcesUses of CashDividends under Item 7 and Note 11Stockholders Equity and Note 12Stock-Based Compensation in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Common Stock Repurchase Table In August 2008, the Company announced a share-repurchase program to purchase up to $5 billion in shares of common stock. The program replaces a prior share-repurchase program and is authorized to extend through August 2011; however, the program does not obligate Anadarko to acquire any specific number of shares and may be discontinued at any time. The following table sets forth information with respect to repurchases by the Company of its shares of common stock during the fourth quarter of 2009.
The following performance graph and related information shall not be deemed soliciting material or to be filed with the SEC, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or Securities Exchange Act of 1934, each as amended, except to the extent that the Company specifically incorporates it by reference into such filing.
The following graph compares the cumulative five-year total return to stockholders on Anadarkos common stock relative to the cumulative total returns of the S&P 500 index and two 11-company peer groups. The companies included in the 2009 peer group are Apache Corporation, Chevron Corporation, ConocoPhillips, Devon Energy Corporation, EOG Resources, Inc., Hess Corporation, Marathon Oil Corporation, Noble Energy, Inc., Occidental Petroleum Corporation, Pioneer Natural Resources Company and Plains Exploration and Production Company. The companies included in the 2008 peer group are Apache Corporation, ConocoPhillips, Devon Energy Corporation, EnCana Corporation, EOG Resources Inc., Hess Corporation, Marathon Oil Corporation, Noble Energy Inc., Occidental Petroleum Corporation, Pioneer Natural Resources Company and Talisman Energy Inc. The peer-group change from the 2008 peer group to the 2009 peer group was based on the Companys decision to focus the comparison on U.S.-based companies which vary in size some larger, some smaller than Anadarko as well as to remove those companies whose equity performance may be affected by factors that do not affect Anadarkos equity performance.
Comparison of 5 Year Cumulative Total Return Among
Anadarko Petroleum Corporation, the S&P 500 Index,
the 2008 Peer Group and the 2009 Peer Group
An investment of $100 (with reinvestment of all dividends) is assumed to have been made in the Companys common stock, in the index and in the peer groups on December 31, 2004 and its relative performance is tracked through December 31, 2009.
The following discussion should be read together with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, which are included in this report in Item 8, and the information set forth in Risk Factors under Item 1A.
Anadarko Petroleum Corporation is among the worlds largest independent oil and natural-gas exploration and production companies. Anadarko is engaged in the exploration, development, production and marketing of natural gas, crude oil, condensate and NGLs. The Company also engages in the gathering, processing, treating and transporting of natural gas. The Companys operations are located in the United States, Algeria, Brazil, China, Cote dIvoire, Ghana, Indonesia, Mozambique, Sierra Leone and several other countries.
Anadarko achieved its key operational objectives in 2009 by increasing sales volumes by 7% year-over-year, while spending 35% less on near-term projects, reducing lease operating expenses per unit by more than 20% year-over-year, and adding 314 million barrels of oil equivalent (BOE) of proved reserves before price revisions and divestitures. Anadarko ended 2009 with approximately $3.5 billion of cash on hand and retains the availability of its undrawn $1.3 billion revolving credit agreement (RCA), along with access to credit markets. Management expects this liquidity position and cash flow from operations to position the Company to satisfy its 2010 operational objectives and capital commitments.
MISSION AND STRATEGY
Anadarkos mission is to deliver a competitive and sustainable rate of return to shareholders by exploring for, acquiring and developing oil and natural-gas resources vital to the worlds health and welfare. Anadarko employs the following strategy to achieve this mission:
Developing a portfolio of primarily unconventional resources provides the Company a stable base of capital-efficient, predictable and repeatable development opportunities which, in turn, positions the Company for consistent growth at competitive rates.
Exploring in high-potential, proven and emerging basins worldwide provides the Company with differential growth. Anadarkos exploration success creates value by expanding its future resource potential, while providing the flexibility to manage risk by monetizing discoveries.
Anadarkos global business development approach transfers core skills across the globe to discover and develop world-class resources that are accretive to the Companys net asset value. These resources help form an optimized, global portfolio where both surface and subsurface risks are actively managed.
A strong balance sheet is essential for the development of the Companys assets and the ability to manage through commodity price cycles. Maintaining financial discipline enables the Company to capitalize on the flexibility of its global portfolio, while allowing the Company to pursue new strategic and tactical growth opportunities.
Significant 2009 operational highlights by area include:
United States Onshore
Gulf of Mexico
Significant 2009 financial highlights include:
The following discussion pertains to Anadarkos financial condition, results of operations and changes in financial condition. Unless noted otherwise, the following information relates to continuing operations and any increases or decreases for the year ended December 31, 2009 refer to the comparison of the year ended December 31, 2009, to the year ended December 31, 2008. Similarly, any increases or decreases for the year ended December 31, 2008 refer to the comparison of the year ended December 31, 2008, to the year ended December 31, 2007. The primary factors that affect the Companys results of operations include, among other things, commodity prices for natural gas, crude oil and NGLs, sales volumes, the Companys ability to discover additional oil and natural-gas reserves, as well as the cost of finding reserves and costs required for continuing operations. Unless the context otherwise requires, the terms Anadarko or Company refer to Anadarko Petroleum Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries. Following is an index by major category of discussion including a brief description of contents:
RESULTS OF CONTINUING OPERATIONS
Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations Attributable to Common Stockholders Anadarkos loss from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders for 2009 totaled $135 million, or $0.28 per share (diluted), compared to income from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders for 2008 of $3.2 billion, or $6.78 per share (diluted). Anadarko had income from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders in 2007 of $3.8 billion, or $7.99 per share (diluted).
Anadarkos sales revenues for the year ended December 31, 2009, decreased due to lower commodity prices, partially offset by increased production volumes. The increase for the year ended December 31, 2008, was due to higher commodity prices, partially offset by lower 2008 sales volumes, attributable to 2007 property divestitures.
Analysis of Oil and Gas Operations Sales Revenues and Volumes
The following table provides a summary of the effects of changes in volumes and prices on Anadarkos sales revenues for the year ended December 31, 2009, compared to 2008 and 2007.
The following table provides Anadarkos sales volumes for the year ended December 31, 2009, compared to 2008 and 2007.
Sales volumes represent actual production volumes adjusted for changes in commodity inventories. Anadarko employs strategies to manage volumes and mitigate the effect of price volatility, which is likely to continue in the future. Production of natural gas, crude oil and NGLs is usually not affected by seasonal swings in demand.
Natural-Gas Sales Volumes, Average Prices and Revenues
Bcfbillion cubic feet
MMcf/dmillion cubic feet per day
The Companys daily natural-gas sales volumes increased 168 MMcf/d for the year ended December 31, 2009, primarily due to increased production in the Rocky Mountain Region (Rockies) of 138 MMcf/d due to positive results from base production resulting from dewatering coalbed methane wells and higher production uptime due to favorable weather. An increase in production in the Gulf of Mexico of 54 MMcf/d related to favorable weather conditions as compared to hurricane-related downtime experienced during 2008. Also, runtime at Independence Hub increased during 2009 as compared to 2008 when export pipeline repair work resulted in downtime, partially offset by a decrease in production due to scheduled maintenance at Independence Hub. These increases were partially offset by a 24 MMcf/d decrease in the Southern Region resulting from natural production declines experienced while drilling programs were shifted from established fields to emerging shale plays.
Anadarkos daily natural-gas sales volumes increased for the year ended December 31, 2008, excluding 2007 divested property volumes of 156 MMcf/d. The increase was primarily due to higher sales volumes in the Gulf of Mexico of 175 MMcf/d as a result of the start up of the Independence Hub and increased production in the Rockies of 162 MMcf/d due to improved drilling efficiencies allowing for more overall drilling, partially offset by decreased production in the Southern Region of 44 MMcf/d.
The average natural-gas price Anadarko received decreased for the year ended December 31, 2009. This decrease was primarily due to higher year-over-year natural-gas production and storage volumes coupled with lower United States demand for natural gas, triggered by the economic downturn in the United States.
Anadarkos average natural-gas price increased for the year ended December 31, 2008. The increase was primarily attributable to lower year-over-year natural-gas storage volumes coupled with lower liquefied natural-gas volumes available to the United States consumer, both of which were caused principally by increased demand in both Europe and Asia.
Crude-Oil and Condensate Sales Volumes, Average Prices and Revenues
MBbls/dthousand barrels per day
Anadarkos daily crude-oil and condensate sales volumes increased for the year ended December 31, 2009, primarily due to higher crude-oil sales volumes of 8 MBbls/d in the Gulf of Mexico and 3 MBbls/d in the Rockies. The increase in the Gulf of Mexico is attributable to additional production that came online during the fourth quarter of 2008, and favorable weather conditions as compared to 2008, which was impacted by export pipeline repair work and hurricane-related disruptions. The Rockies increase is attributable to production efficiencies related to an oil pipeline that was placed in service in 2009. These increases were offset by lower Algerian crude-oil sales volumes of 6 MBbls/d due to the timing of cargo liftings and variances in OPEC quotas.
Anadarkos daily crude-oil and condensate sales volumes decreased for the year ended December 31, 2008, excluding 2007 divested property volumes of 15 MBbls/d, primarily due to lower crude-oil sales volumes of 13 MBbls/d in the Gulf of Mexico attributable to pipeline repairs resulting from 2008 hurricane activity, lower crude-oil sales volumes of 7 MBbls/d in Algeria, primarily from lower production due to maintenance, a statutory shutdown and production constraints implemented by OPEC during the fourth quarter of 2008, and lower crude-oil sales volumes of 3 MBbls/d in Alaska, partially offset by higher crude-oil sales volumes of 5 MBbls/d in the Rockies.
The average crude-oil price Anadarko received decreased for the year ended December 31, 2009, primarily due to increased spare OPEC production capacity coupled with decreased global demand, particularly in the United States, Europe and Japan as a result of the economic downturn. Anadarkos average crude-oil price increased for the year ended December 31, 2008. Crude-oil prices were strong in the first half of 2008, primarily due to limited excess production capacity, heightened geopolitical tension and increased demand in Asia.
Natural-Gas-Liquids Sales Volumes, Average Prices and Revenues
NGLs sales represent revenues from the sale of product derived from the processing of Anadarkos natural-gas production. The Companys daily NGLs sales volumes increased for the year ended December 31, 2009, primarily attributable to a new processing train placed in service during the second quarter of 2009 at the Chipeta natural-gas processing plant, increased gas production in the Rockies, and improved recoveries in the Southern Region.
Anadarkos daily NGLs sales volumes were down for the year ended December 31, 2008, primarily due to a 4 MBbls/d decrease associated with the 2007 divestitures.
The average NGLs price decreased for the year ended December 31, 2009, primarily due to decreased global petrochemical demand as a result of the economic downturn. For the year ended December 31, 2008, average NGLs prices increased primarily due to increased global petrochemical demand for the first three quarters of 2008. NGLs production is dependent on natural-gas and NGLs prices as well as the economics of the processing of natural gas to extract NGLs.
Gathering, Processing and Marketing Margin
For the year ended December 31, 2009, gathering, processing and marketing margin decreased $171 million. The decrease was primarily due to lower prices for natural gas, NGLs and condensate, which led to reduced gas processing margins, lower margins associated with firm transportation contracts due to price differentials between supply and market areas, and unrealized losses on derivatives related to gas-storage activity which is seasonal in nature, i.e., the margin realized on the future sale of stored volumes covered by these derivative instruments will more than offset the recorded unrealized losses. These amounts were partially offset by increases in crude-oil marketing margins, and in NGLs marketing margins primarily due to inventory write-downs to market value taken in the fourth quarter of 2008.
For the year ended December 31, 2008, gathering, processing and marketing margin decreased $180 million. The decrease resulted from lower marketing sales of $231 million primarily due to lower margins on firm transportation contracts and decreased third-party-marketing activity, a write-down of storage inventory due to lower commodity prices in the fourth quarter of 2008 and lower gathering and processing sales of $174 million, primarily due to lower volumes as a result of the 2007 divestitures. These amounts were partially offset by a $183 million decrease in costs associated with gathering and processing operations, primarily due to 2007 divestitures, a $39 million decrease in marketing transportation costs, and a reduction of accrued expenses related to a prior period of $29 million.
Gains (Losses) on Divestitures and Other, net
Gains on divestitures in 2009 were $44 million, primarily related to proceeds from the sale of oil and gas properties in Qatar. Gains on divestitures in 2008 were $1.2 billion, primarily related to the divestiture of certain oil and gas properties in Brazil, onshore United States and the Gulf of Mexico. Gains on divestitures in 2007 related primarily to the Companys asset-realignment program. During 2007, net gains of $4.1 billion related to divestitures of oil and gas properties and net gains of $574 million related to the divestiture of certain gathering and processing facilities. For additional information, see Operating ResultsDivestitures below.
In 2008, gains (losses) on divestitures and other, net includes a net $82 million ($52 million after tax) reduction related to corrections resulting from the analysis of property records after the adoption of the successful efforts method of accounting. This net amount includes a reduction of $163 million related to 2007. Management concluded that this misstatement was not material to 2007 interim and annual results, or to the 2008 period, and corrected the error in the first quarter of 2008.
Reversal of Accrual for DWRRA Dispute
On March 17, 2006 Kerr-McGee Oil and Gas Corp (KMOG) filed a lawsuit styled Kerr-McGee Oil and Gas Corp. v. C. Stephen Allred, Assistant Secretary for Land & Minerals Mgt. and the Dept of the Interior (Kerr-McGee v. Allred) in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Louisiana against the Department of the Interior (DOI) for injunctive and declaratory relief with respect to the DOIs claims for additional royalties on the eight leases listed in the order issued by the DOI in 2006. In May 2007, KMOG filed a motion for summary judgment with the District Court for the Western District of Louisiana which ruled in favor of KMOG in October 2007. The DOI appealed the decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (Fifth Circuit). In January 2009, a three-judge Fifth Circuit panel unanimously affirmed the District Courts ruling in favor of KMOG. At the end of March 2009, the DOI filed a petition for rehearing by the full Fifth Circuit (en banc), which was denied on April 14, 2009. On July 13, 2009, the DOI filed a petition for a writ of certiorari with the U.S. Supreme Court, which was denied on October 5, 2009.
Based on the U.S. Supreme Courts denial of the DOIs petition for review by the court, Anadarko reversed its $657 million accrued liability for royalties that could have been owed on leases listed in the 2006 Order, similar orders to pay issued in 2008 and 2009, and other deepwater Gulf of Mexico leases with similar price-threshold provisions. In addition, the Company reversed its $78 million accrued liability for unpaid interest on these amounts.
Effective October 1, 2009, royalties and interest are no longer being accrued for deepwater Gulf of Mexico leases with price-threshold provisions. For more information on the DWRRA dispute, see Note 14ContingenciesDeepwater Royalty Relief Act in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Costs and Expenses
For the year ended December 31, 2009, oil and gas operating expenses decreased primarily as a result of cost savings programs initiated in response to the reduction in oil and gas prices experienced from 2008 into 2009. Cost savings were achieved through operating efficiencies, deferral of certain workovers and vendor negotiations. Additional reductions were due to lower production handling rates in the Gulf of Mexico, and a decrease in outside-operated expenses in Alaska and Algeria. For the year ended December 31, 2008, oil and gas operating expenses increased primarily due to workovers and other field initiatives implemented to capture the increase in product prices from 2007 to 2008. Expenses for 2008 also included a full year of operations at Independence Hub. These amounts were partially offset by a decrease in costs associated with 2007 property divestitures.
For the year ended December 31, 2009, oil and gas transportation and other expenses increased due to incremental transportation fees paid on increasing volumes in the Rockies, new processing agreements in certain areas of both the Rockies and Southern Region and drilling rig contract termination fees paid during the year. These increases were partially offset by a decline in certain fees related to surface owner agreements and certain processing agreements that are tied to product prices. For the year ended December 31, 2008, oil and gas transportation and other expenses increased due to incremental transportation fees paid on increasing volumes in the Rockies, new processing agreements in certain areas of both the Rockies and Southern Region, a full year of demand fees at Independence Hub and an increase in certain fees tied to product prices.
Exploration expense decreased by $262 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, primarily due to lower impairments of unproved properties of $205 million and lower geological and geophysical expense of $87 million. The decrease in impairments of unproved properties related primarily to Gulf of Mexico properties, partially offset by an increase in unproved property impairments in China. The decrease in geological and geophysical expense was primarily related to seismic data which was acquired and expensed in 2008 for Mozambique and Indonesia. Exploration expense increased by $464 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, primarily due to a $337 million impairment of unproved properties in the Gulf of Mexico, a $55 million impairment of unproved properties in Trinidad, a $40 million impairment of unproved properties in Brazil, and a $34 million increase in geological and geophysical costs, primarily related to the acquisition of seismic data for Mozambique.
For the year ended December 31, 2009, general and administrative (G&A) expense increased primarily due to bonus plan expense. The increase was primarily related to a supplemental bonus plan, the payment of which was triggered by the Companys total-shareholder-return performance relative to a group of peer companies. The performance resulted in significantly increased market value relative to the peer-group-average performance, and all non-officer employees qualified for prescribed payments under the plan. For the year ended December 31, 2008, G&A expense decreased primarily due to a decrease in employee severance and termination benefits, lower compensation expense and a decrease in contract labor expense, partially offset by higher pension plan expenses.
For the year ended December 31, 2009, depreciation, depletion, and amortization (DD&A) expense increased $338 million primarily due to a $237 million increase attributable to higher sales volumes and to $84 million of higher accumulated costs associated with acquiring, finding and developing oil and gas reserves. For the year ended December 31, 2008, DD&A expense increased $354 million primarily due to a $416 million increase attributable to oil and gas properties due to higher costs associated with acquiring, finding and developing oil and gas reserves. This increase was partially offset by a decrease of approximately $43 million due to lower sales volumes and a decrease in depreciation of other properties and equipment of $28 million primarily due to divestitures.
For the year ended December 31, 2009, other taxes decreased primarily due to lower commodity prices, which resulted in lower United States production and severance taxes of $343 million, Algerian exceptional profits tax of $269 million, and Chinese windfall profits tax of $60 million as well as decreased ad valorem taxes of $32 million. For the year ended December 31, 2008, other taxes increased primarily due to increased production and severance taxes of $194 million, Chinese windfall profits tax of $55 million and ad valorem taxes of $43 million. These increases were triggered primarily by higher commodity prices and were partially offset by a decrease in the Algerian exceptional profits tax expense attributable to a change in the estimate of the 2006 exceptional profits tax recognized during the first quarter of 2007.
Impairments for the year ended December 31, 2009, related to $86 million of marketing operating segment assets, $22 million of oil and gas exploration and production operating segment properties in the United States
and $7 million of midstream operating segment assets. The marketing operating segment impairments related to the impairment of firm transportation contracts and LNG facility-site properties. Impairments for the year ended December 31, 2008, related to $113 million of oil and gas exploration and production operating segment properties in the United States, $98 million of midstream operating segment assets and $12 million of marketing operating segment assets. The oil and gas exploration and production operating segment and midstream operating segment impairments were primarily a result of lower commodity prices at year-end 2008. The marketing operating segment impairments related to the impairment of firm transportation contracts.
Other (Income) Expense
Anadarkos gross interest expense decreased for the year ended December 31, 2009, primarily due to the reversal of $78 million of previously accrued interest expense related to the DWRRA dispute, lower interest expense of $70 million due to the partial retirement of the Midstream Subsidiary Note Payable to a Related Party and lower interest expense of $60 million due to the retirement of $1.4 billion in aggregate principal amount of Floating-Rate Notes during 2009, partially offset by interest expense of $108 million on $2.0 billion of debt issued in 2009. Anadarkos gross interest expense decreased for the year ended December 31, 2008, primarily due to lower average debt levels in 2008 and decreases in average floating interest rates. For additional information see Operating ResultsDivestitures and Liquidity and Capital ResourcesUses of CashDebt Repayment below and Interest-Rate Risk under Item 7A of this Form 10-K.
For the year ended December 31, 2009, capitalized interest decreased $54 million primarily due to lower capitalized costs that qualified for interest capitalization. The amount of capitalized interest for the years ended December 31, 2008, and 2007, was comparable.
The Company utilizes commodity derivative instruments to reduce its exposure to cash flow variability resulting from commodity price changes. For additional information on (gains) losses on commodity derivatives, see Note 8Derivative Instruments in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Anadarko enters into interest-rate swaps to reduce its exposure to cash flow variability resulting from interest-rate changes. For additional information see Note 8Derivative Instruments in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
For 2009, the Company had total other income of $43 million compared to total other expense of $52 million for 2008. The increase of $95 million was primarily related to foreign currency gains of $70 million primarily related to exchange-rate changes applicable to cash held in escrow pending final determination of the Companys Brazilian tax liability attributable to its 2008 divestiture of the Peregrino field offshore Brazil.
For 2008, the Company had total other expense of $52 million compared to total other income of $71 million for 2007. The decrease of $123 million was primarily related to lower interest income of $40 million due to lower average cash levels and lower interest rates in 2008, a $40 million loss related to environmental reserve adjustments and $54 million of impairment losses related to equity investments.
Income Tax Expense
The variance between the Companys effective tax rate and the 35% statutory rate in 2009 is primarily attributable to:
These amounts were largely offset by:
The variance between the Companys effective tax rate and the 35% statutory rate in 2008 is primarily attributable to the accrual of the Algerian exceptional profits tax, U.S. tax on foreign income, state income taxes and other items. In 2007, the variance from the 35% statutory rate is due to the Algerian exceptional profits tax, other foreign taxes in excess of federal statutory rates and state income taxes, partially offset by the foreign tax rate applicable to the Companys divestiture of its 50% interest in the Peregrino field offshore Brazil, which had a rate lower than the 35% U.S. statutory rate, and other items.
Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
For the years ended December 31, 2009, and 2008, the Companys net income attributable to noncontrolling interests was $32 million and $23 million, respectively. These amounts for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 related primarily to a 43.2% and 36.7% average public ownership interest, respectively, in Western Gas Partners, LP (WES), a consolidated subsidiary of the Company.
Segment AnalysisAdjusted EBITDAX To assess the operating results of Anadarkos segments, the chief operating decision maker analyzes income from continuing operations before income taxes, interest expense, exploration expense, DD&A expense and impairments, less net income attributable to noncontrolling interests (Adjusted EBITDAX). Anadarkos definition of Adjusted EBITDAX, which is not a GAAP measure, excludes exploration expense because exploration expense is not an indicator of operating efficiency for a given reporting period. However, exploration expense is monitored by management as part of costs incurred in exploration and development activities. Similarly, DD&A expense and impairments are excluded from Adjusted EBITDAX as a measure of segment operating performance because capital expenditures are evaluated at the time capital costs are incurred. The Companys definition of Adjusted EBITDAX also excludes interest expense to allow for assessment of segment operating results without regard to Anadarkos financing methods or capital structure. Management believes that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDAX provides information useful in assessing the Companys financial condition and results of operations and that Adjusted EBITDAX is a widely accepted financial indicator of a companys ability to incur and service debt, fund capital expenditures and make distributions to stockholders.
Adjusted EBITDAX, as defined by Anadarko, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies. Therefore, Anadarkos consolidated Adjusted EBITDAX should be considered in conjunction with income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders and other performance measures prepared in accordance with GAAP, such as operating income or cash flow from operating activities. Adjusted EBITDAX has important limitations as an analytical tool because it excludes certain items that affect income from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders and net cash provided by operating activities. Adjusted EBITDAX should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for an analysis of Anadarkos results as reported under GAAP. Below is a reconciliation of consolidated Adjusted EBITDAX to income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes.
Oil and Gas Exploration and Production The decrease in Adjusted EBITDAX for the year ended December 31, 2009, was primarily due to the impact of lower commodity prices, partially offset by higher natural-gas sales volumes primarily in the Rockies and the reversal of amounts previously accrued in connection with the DWRRA dispute. The decrease in Adjusted EBITDAX for the year ended December 31, 2008, was primarily due to a decrease in gains on divestitures and other, net of $3.1 billion and lower sales volumes as a result of the 2007 divestitures, partially offset by the impact of higher commodity prices and higher natural-gas sales volumes primarily in the Rockies and the Gulf of Mexico.
Midstream The decrease in Adjusted EBITDAX for the year ended December 31, 2009, resulted primarily from a decrease in revenue due to lower prices for natural gas, NGLs, and condensate, which impacted revenues earned under the Companys percent-of-proceeds and keep-whole contracts, partially offset by lower cost of product. The decrease in Adjusted EBITDAX for the year ended December 31, 2008, resulted primarily from a decrease in gains on divestitures and other, net of $531 million and lower volumes as a result of the 2007 divestitures, partially offset by higher product prices and gathering rates. During July 2007, the Company divested its interests in two natural-gas gathering systems and associated processing plants. These divested facilities accounted for $75 million, or 21%, of Anadarkos midstream segments Adjusted EBITDAX for 2007, excluding gains on divestitures.
Marketing Marketing earnings represent primarily the margin earned on sales of gas, oil and NGLs purchased from third parties. The decrease in Adjusted EBITDAX for the year ended December 31, 2009, was primarily due to a decrease of approximately 30% in marketed third-party volumes, and lower margins associated with firm transportation contracts due to price differentials between supply and market areas. These amounts were partially offset by higher crude-oil marketing margins, and higher NGLs marketing margins primarily due to inventory write-downs to market value taken in the fourth quarter of 2008. The decrease in Adjusted EBITDAX for the year ended December 31, 2008, was primarily due to lower margins on firm transportation contracts and the write-down of storage inventory due to lower commodity prices in the fourth quarter of 2008.
Other and Intersegment Eliminations Other and intersegment eliminations consists primarily of corporate costs that are not allocated to the operating segments, realized and unrealized gains and losses on derivatives and income from hard minerals investments and royalties. The decrease in Adjusted EBITDAX for the year ended December 31, 2009, was primarily due to realized and unrealized gains and losses on commodity derivatives, partially offset by realized and unrealized gains and losses on interest-rate swaps. The increase in Adjusted EBITDAX for the year ended December 31, 2008, was primarily due to realized and unrealized gains and losses on commodity derivatives, and decreases in employee severance and termination benefits, compensation expense and contract labor expense, partially offset by higher benefit plan expense and losses related to equity investments.
Divestitures In 2009, Anadarko divested certain oil and gas properties, primarily in Qatar, onshore United States and other international properties for proceeds of $109 million and certain midstream properties for proceeds of $67 million.
In 2008, the Company divested certain oil and gas properties, primarily in Brazil, onshore United States and the Gulf of Mexico for approximately $2.5 billion. Proceeds from 2008 divestitures were used to reduce debt.
In April 2008, Anadarko entered into an agreement to sell its wholly owned subsidiary that owns an 18% interest in Petroritupano, S.A. (Petroritupano), a Venezuelan company also owned by Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA) and Petrobras Energía, S.A., for $200 million. The closing of this transaction was subject to customary closing conditions, including receipt of approvals by Venezuelan authorities. Anadarko was informed by the Venezuelan Ministry of Energy and Petroleum that it would not grant approval for the sale because PDVSA intends to acquire Anadarkos interest in Petroritupano. Anadarko subsequently received a letter from Corporacion Venezolana del Petroleo, S.A. (CVP), an affiliate of PDVSA, in which CVP stated its interest in acquiring Anadarkos ownership interest in Petroritupano. At this time, Anadarko is unable to determine when the sale to CVP will be completed. Anadarkos investment in Petroritupano is included in other assets at December 31, 2009.
As a result of an asset-realignment program stemming from the acquisitions of Kerr-McGee and Western, Anadarko divested certain properties during 2007 for approximately $11.1 billion before income taxes. Net proceeds from these divestitures were used to reduce debt.
For additional information, see Note 2Divestitures and Other in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Proved Reserves Anadarko focuses on growth and profitability. Reserve replacement is a key to growth. Future profitability depends partially upon the cost of finding and developing oil and gas reserves. Reserve growth can be achieved through successful exploration and development drilling, improved recovery or acquisition of producing properties.
The following is a discussion of proved reserves, reserve additions and revisions and future net cash flows from proved reserves. Additional reserve information is contained in the Supplemental Information on Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Activities (Supplemental Information) under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Reserve Additions and Revisions During 2009, the Company added 275 MMBOE of proved reserves as a result of additions (purchases in place, discoveries and extensions) and revisions. The Company expects the majority of future reserve growth to come from positive revisions associated with infill drilling and extensions of current fields and new discoveries onshore in North America and the deepwaters of the Gulf of Mexico, as well as through improved recovery operations, purchases of proved properties in strategic areas and successful exploration in international growth areas. The success of these operations will directly impact reserve additions or revisions in the future.
Additions During 2009, Anadarko added 70 MMBOE of proved reserves primarily as the result of successful drilling in the United States and at international locations. The Company also acquired 32 MMBOE of proved reserves in place related to onshore domestic assets in 2009. During 2008, Anadarko added 102 MMBOE of proved reserves primarily as the result of successful drilling in the Rockies and development and appraisal wells in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico. During 2007, Anadarko added 131 MMBOE of proved reserves. Of this amount, 130 MMBOE were a result of successful drilling in CBM and conventional plays of the Rockies and the initial recognition of proved reserves at the Peregrino field offshore Brazil.
Revisions Total revisions in 2009 were 173 MMBOE or 8% of the beginning-of-year reserve base. The revisions included an increase of 212 MMBOE primarily related to large onshore natural-gas plays, such as the Greater Natural Buttes and Pinedale fields, as a result of successful infill drilling (where the reserve bookings for the infill wells are treated as a positive revision). The revisions include a decrease of 39 MMBOE driven by lower natural-gas prices. Total revisions in 2008 were 86 MMBOE or 4% of the beginning-of-year reserve base. The revisions included an increase of 188 MMBOE primarily related to Greater Natural Buttes, Wattenberg and Pinedale fields, as a result of successful infill drilling, and positive revisions to the Peregrino heavy-oil field, offshore Brazil, which was sold in 2008, partially offset by a decrease of 102 MMBOE related to prices for oil and NGLs. Total revisions for 2007 were 121 MMBOE, related primarily to infill drilling in large onshore natural-gas plays, and higher oil and natural-gas prices.
Sales in Place During 2009, the Company sold properties located onshore United States representing 24 MMBOE of proved reserves. In 2008, the Company sold properties located in the United States and Brazil representing 46 MMBOE and 91 MMBOE of proved reserves, respectively. In 2007, the Company sold properties located in the United States and Qatar representing 609 MMBOE and 11 MMBOE of proved reserves, respectively.
Discounted Future Net Cash Flows At December 31, 2009, the discounted (at 10%) estimated future net cash flow from Anadarkos proved reserves was $13.6 billion (stated in accordance with the new regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)). This discounted future net cash flow was calculated based on beginning-of-month average prices for the year, held flat for the life of the reserves, adjusted for any contractual provisions. For reporting periods prior to December 31, 2009, year-end prices were used for calculating discounted future net cash flows. The increase of $1.6 billion or 13% in 2009 compared to 2008 is primarily due to positive performance from exploration and development programs. See Supplemental Information under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
The present value of future net cash flows does not purport to be an estimate of the fair market value of Anadarkos proved reserves. A fair-value estimate would also take into account, among other things, anticipated changes in future prices and costs, the expected recovery of reserves in excess of proved reserves and a discount factor more representative of the time value of money and the risks inherent in producing oil and gas.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Overview Anadarkos primary sources of cash during 2009 were cash flow from operating activities and proceeds from the issuance of debt and common stock. The Company used cash primarily to fund its capital program, retire debt and pay dividends. Anadarkos primary sources of cash during 2008 were cash flow from operating activities, proceeds from divestitures and the initial public offering of WES. In 2008, the Company used cash primarily to fund Anadarkos capital spending program, retire debt, pay income taxes, repurchase Anadarko common stock, pay dividends and redeem preferred stock. Anadarkos primary sources of cash during 2007 were proceeds from divestitures, cash flow from operating activities and proceeds from the issuance of a midstream subsidiary note to a related party. In 2007, the Company used cash primarily to retire debt, fund Anadarkos capital spending program and pay income taxes and dividends.
The Company has in place a $1.3 billion five-year RCA, entered into in March 2008 with a syndicate of United States and foreign lenders, and as of December 31, 2009, the Company had no outstanding borrowings under its RCA. Under the terms of the RCA, the Company can, under certain conditions, request an increase in the borrowing capacity under the RCA up to a total available credit amount of $2.0 billion. Anadarko was in compliance with existing covenants and the full amount of the RCA was available for borrowing at December 31, 2009.
The Company continuously monitors its leverage position and coordinates its capital expenditure program with its expected cash flows and projected debt-repayment schedule. The Company will continue to monitor the financial markets and evaluate funding alternatives, including property divestitures, borrowings under the Companys RCA and the issuance of debt or equity securities, based on its capital requirements. To facilitate a potential debt or equity securities issuance, the Company has the ability to sell securities under its shelf registration statement filed with the SEC in August 2009.
The following section discusses significant sources and uses of cash for the three-year period ending December 31, 2009. Forward-looking information related to the Companys liquidity and capital resources are discussed in Outlook that follows.
Sources of Cash
Operating Activities Anadarkos cash flow from continuing operating activities in 2009 was $3.9 billion compared to $6.4 billion in 2008 and $2.8 billion in 2007. The decrease in cash flow from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2009, is primarily attributable to lower commodity prices, partially offset by higher sales volumes and realized gains on interest-rate derivatives. In December 2008 and January 2009,
Anadarko entered into interest-rate swap agreements with a combined notional principal amount of $3.0 billion. In May and June 2009, the Company revised the contractual terms of this swap portfolio to increase the weighted-average interest rate it is required to pay and realized $552 million in cash.
The increase in cash flow from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2008, was attributable to higher commodity prices and lower income tax payments in 2008 compared to 2007, when income tax payments were substantially higher as a result of 2007 divestiture activity. This increase in cash flow was partially offset by the cash impact of lower 2008 sales volumes which decreased as a result of 2007 divestiture activity, and an increase in realized derivative losses in 2008.
Fluctuations in commodity prices have been the primary reason for the Companys short-term changes in cash flow from operating activities; however, Anadarko holds commodity derivative instruments that help to manage these cash flow fluctuations. Sales-volume changes also impact short-term cash flow, but have not been as volatile as commodity prices. Anadarkos long-term cash flow from operating activities is dependent upon commodity prices, production sales volumes, reserve replacement and the level of costs and expenses required for continued operations.
For additional information on the Companys interest-rate swap agreements, see Note 8Derivative Instruments in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Investing Activities During 2009, 2008, and 2007, Anadarko closed several property divestiture transactions, and received proceeds of approximately $176 million, $2.5 billion and $8.3 billion before income taxes, respectively. For additional information, see Operating ResultsDivestitures above.
Financing Activities During 2009, Anadarko raised a total of $3.3 billion through the issuance of debt and equity as follows:
During 2008, Anadarko raised $321 million in connection with the initial public offering of 20.8 million common units of its consolidated affiliate, WES. See Note 3Noncontrolling Interest in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K. Proceeds from the offering were used to reduce debt.
During 2007, Anadarko raised a total of $2.2 billion through the issuance of a midstream subsidiary note payable to a related party and an additional $2.8 billion through borrowings from affiliates. For additional information on the Companys 2007 financing activities, see Note 6Investments and Note 10Debt and Interest Expense in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Uses of Cash
Capital Expenditures The following table presents the Companys capital expenditures relating to continuing operations, by category.
Anadarkos capital expenditures decreased 7% for the year ended December 31, 2009 primarily due to declines in development drilling expenditures onshore United States and expenditures on gathering and processing facilities. These declines were partially offset by an increase in development drilling expenditures in Ghana, exploration drilling expenditures onshore United States, property acquisition costs and capital expenditures related to the Companys acquisition of its office buildings in The Woodlands, Texas. The Companys capital spending increased 22% for the year ended December 31, 2008. The 2008 increase was due to an increase in development drilling expenditures primarily onshore in the U.S. and exploration lease acquisition activity primarily offshore in the U.S., partially offset by a decrease in expenditures related to construction, and gathering and processing facilities. Additionally, both 2008 and 2007 were impacted by rising service and materials costs. The mix of oil and gas spending reflects the Companys available opportunities based on the near-term ranking of projects by net asset value potential.
Property acquisitions in 2009 primarily related to exploratory non-producing leases onshore United States and proved property acquisitions related to property exchanges in the Rockies. Property acquisitions in 2008 primarily related to exploratory non-producing leases. Proved and unproved property acquisitions in 2007 include adjustments of $(600) million and $(484) million, respectively, related to finalizing the allocation of fair value to oil and gas properties acquired in connection with the acquisitions of Kerr-McGee and Western in 2006.
See Outlook below for information regarding sources of cash used to fund capital expenditures for 2010.
Debt Repayments At year-end 2009, Anadarkos total debt was $12.7 billion compared to total debt of $12.3 billion at year-end 2008 and $14.7 billion at year-end 2007. In 2009, the Company repaid an aggregate principal amount of $1.6 billion of debt that was outstanding at December 31, 2008, including $1.4 billion in aggregate principal amount of Floating-Rate Notes due in 2009.
In 2008, the Company repaid an aggregate principal amount of $2.4 billion of debt that was outstanding at December 31, 2007, including a variable-rate 354-day facility and $580 million in aggregate principal amount of Floating-Rate Notes due September 2009.
During 2007, Anadarko repaid $10.5 billion of indebtedness incurred in connection with its 2006 acquisitions of Kerr-McGee and Western.
For additional information on the Companys debt instruments, such as transactions during the period, years of maturity and interest rates, see Note 6Investments, Note 8Derivative Instruments and Note 10Debt and Interest Expense in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Margin Deposits Both exchange and over-the-counter traded derivative instruments may be subject to margin deposit requirements. Exchange-broker margin requirements are determined by a standard industry algorithm, which requires a market-risk-based margin level be maintained on positions outstanding, from the date of trade execution through settlement. For derivatives with over-the-counter counterparties, the Company is required to provide margin deposits whenever its unrealized losses on derivative positions exceed predetermined credit limits. The Company manages its exposure to over-the-counter margin requirements through negotiated credit arrangements with counterparties, which may include collateral caps. When credit thresholds are exceeded, the Company utilizes available cash or letters of credit to satisfy margin requirements and maintains ample available committed credit facilities to meet its obligations. The Companys working capital position and its RCA are sufficient to satisfy margin deposit requirements resulting from a significant increase in commodity prices or from entering into additional derivative positions. The Company had margin deposits outstanding and held cash collateral of $105 million and zero, respectively, at December 31, 2009. The Company had margin deposits outstanding and held cash collateral of $10 million and $3 million, respectively, at December 31, 2008. See Note 1Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Note 8Derivative Instruments in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Common Stock Repurchase Program In August 2008, the Company announced a $5 billion share-repurchase program under which shares may be repurchased either in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions. The program is authorized to extend through August 2011. The program does not obligate Anadarko to acquire any specific number of shares and may be discontinued at any time. During 2008, Anadarko purchased 10 million shares of common stock for $600 million under the program through purchases in the open market and under share-repurchase agreements. During 2009 and 2007, no shares were repurchased under the programs in effect at those times.
Dividends In 2009, 2008 and 2007, Anadarko paid $176 million, $170 million and $170 million, respectively, in dividends to its common stockholders (nine cents per share per quarter). Anadarko has paid a dividend to its common stockholders continuously since becoming an independent public company in 1986. The amount of future dividends for Anadarko common stock will depend on earnings, financial conditions, capital requirements and other factors, and will be determined by the Board of Directors on a quarterly basis.
As of December 31, 2009, the covenants contained in certain of the Companys credit and lease agreements provided for a maximum debt-to-capitalization ratio of 65%. The covenants do not specifically restrict the payment of dividends; however, the impact of dividends paid on the Companys debt-to-capitalization ratio must be considered in order to ensure covenant compliance. Based on these covenants, as of December 31, 2009, the Companys debt-to-capitalization ratio was 39% and retained earnings of approximately $13.3 billion were not limited as to the payment of dividends.
The following table shows the Companys debt-to-capitalization ratio.
Anadarkos mission is to deliver a competitive and sustainable rate of return to shareholders by exploring for, acquiring and developing oil and natural-gas resources vital to the worlds health and welfare. Anadarko employs the following strategy to achieve this mission:
Developing a portfolio of primarily unconventional resources provides the Company a stable base of capital-efficient, predictable and repeatable development opportunities which, in turn, positions the Company for consistent growth at competitive rates.
Exploring in high-potential, proven and emerging basins worldwide provides the Company with differential growth opportunities. Anadarkos exploration success creates value by expanding its future resource potential, while providing the flexibility to manage risk by monetizing discoveries.
Anadarkos global business development approach transfers core skills across the globe to assist in the discovery and development of world-class resources that are accretive to the Companys performance. These resources help form an optimized global portfolio where both surface and subsurface risks are actively managed.
A strong balance sheet is essential for the development of the Companys assets, and Anadarko is committed to disciplined investments in its businesses to manage through commodity price cycles. Maintaining financial discipline enables the Company to capitalize on the flexibility of its global portfolio, while allowing the Company to pursue new strategic and tactical growth opportunities.
The Companys capital budgeting process is ongoing. The Company plans to allocate approximately 65% of its capital spending to development activities, 25% to exploration activities and 10% to gas-gathering and processing activities and other items. The Company expects capital spending by area to be approximately 40% for the U.S. onshore region, which includes the Lower 48 region and Alaska, 20% for the Gulf of Mexico, 30% for International and 10% for Midstream and other. The Companys primary emphasis will be on managing near-term growth opportunities with a commitment to worldwide exploration and the continued development of large oil projects in Algeria, offshore Ghana and in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico. Anadarko believes that its expected level of operating cash flows and cash on hand as of December 31, 2009, will be sufficient to fund the Companys projected operational and capital programs for 2010. However, if capital expenditures exceed operating cash flow and cash on hand, funds would likely be supplemented as needed through short-term borrowings under Anadarkos fully available $1.3 billion RCA or through the issuance of debt or equity.
In addition, to support 2010 cash flows, Anadarko has entered into strategic derivative positions as of December 31, 2009, on approximately 75% of its anticipated natural-gas sales volumes and approximately 70% of its anticipated oil and condensate sales volumes for 2010. In addition, the Company has entered into commodity-price-risk management derivative positions for the years 2011 and 2012. See Note 8Derivative Instruments in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
The Company may choose to refinance certain portions of its short-term borrowings by issuing long-term debt or equity under its shelf registration statement filed with the SEC in August 2009, or both. Also, the Companys $1.6 billion midstream note contains credit-rating-downgrade triggers that would accelerate the maturity of this debt upon a downgrade of the Companys unsecured credit rating to below BB- by Standard and Poors (S&P) or Ba3 by Moodys Investors Service (Moodys). However, at December 31, 2009, the Companys debt was rated BBB- with a stable outlook by S&P and Baa3 with a stable outlook by Moodys. Moreover, the Companys access to its $1.3 billion RCA and cash on hand is sufficient to fund the repayment of the $1.6 billion midstream note.
The Company continuously monitors its leverage position and coordinates its capital expenditure program with its expected cash flows and projected debt-repayment schedule. The Company will continue to evaluate funding alternatives as needed, including property divestitures or borrowings under the Companys RCA and the issuance of debt or equity securities.
Credit risk is represented by Anadarkos exposure to non-payment or non-performance by the Companys customers and counterparties. Generally, non-payment or non-performance results from a customers or counterpartys inability to satisfy obligations. Anadarko monitors the creditworthiness of its customers and counterparties and establishes credit limits according to the Companys credit policies and guidelines. The Company has the ability to require cash collateral as well as letters of credit from its financial counterparties to mitigate its exposure above assigned credit thresholds. With respect to physical counterparties, the Company has the ability to require prepayments or letters of credit to offset credit exposure when necessary. The Company routinely exercises its contractual right to net realized gains against realized losses when settling with its financial counterparties, and utilizes netting agreements with physical counterparties where possible.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We may enter into off-balance sheet arrangements and transactions that can give rise to material off-balance sheet obligations. As of December 31, 2009, the material off-balance sheet arrangements and transactions that we have entered into include operating lease arrangements and undrawn letters of credit. Other than the off-balance sheet arrangements above, we have no transactions, arrangements or other relationships with unconsolidated entities or other persons that are reasonably likely to materially affect our liquidity or availability of or requirements for capital resources. See Obligations and Commitments for more information regarding off-balance sheet arrangements.
In 2007, Anadarko contributed certain of its oil and gas properties and gathering and processing assets, with an aggregate fair value of approximately $2.9 billion at the time of contribution, to newly formed unconsolidated entities in exchange for noncontrolling mandatorily redeemable interests in those entities. Subsequent to their formation, the investee entities loaned Anadarko an aggregate of $2.9 billion, which the Company used to repay its 2006 acquisition-related debt. Anadarko has a legal right to setoff and intends to net-settle its obligations under each of the notes payable to the investees with the distributable fair value of its interest in the corresponding investee. Accordingly, the $2.9 billion aggregate principal amount of such notes does not affect Anadarkos reported debt balance, since the notes and the carrying amount of Anadarkos investments in the investees are presented on the consolidated balance sheet on a net basis. The related interest expense on these obligations and Anadarkos equity earnings attributable to its investments in these entities are recorded in other income (expense), net. Note 6Investments in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of this Form 10-K provides additional information with respect to each of these transactions. Completion of these transactions resulted in Anadarko divesting control of its interests in certain non-core exploration and production and midstream assets and operations, while retaining a participating 5% interest in profits, losses and residual value of the investees.
With respect to each investee, liquidation of the investee or redemption of Anadarkos interest in the investee is expected to result in Anadarko net-settling in cash its obligation under the corresponding note payable with the distributable fair value of its interest in the investee. The Company does not currently expect such net settlement to have a material effect on its future financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. Each of Anadarkos noncontrolling interests in the investees is optionally redeemable by Anadarko or the controlling investor in or after 2022 and is mandatorily redeemable in 2037.
Obligations and Commitments
The following is a summary of the Companys obligations as of December 31, 2009: