Anheuser-Busch InBev S.A. 10-K 2006
Documents found in this filing:
Commission File Number 1-7823
Registrants telephone number, including area code: 314-577-2000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ü No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes No ü
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ü No
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [ü]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2.) Yes ü No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) Yes No ü
As of June 30, 2005, the aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $35,239,758,613.
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrants classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
$1 Par Value Common Stock 776,361,447 shares as of March 1, 2006
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Available on the Web at www.anheuser-busch.com
ANHEUSER-BUSCH COMPANIES, INC.
Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. (the Company or Anheuser-Busch) is a Delaware corporation that was organized in 1979 as the holding company parent of Anheuser-Busch, Incorporated (ABI), a Missouri corporation whose origins date back to 1875. In addition to ABI, which is the nations leading brewer of beer, the Company is also the parent corporation to a number of subsidiaries that conduct various other business operations. The Companys operations are comprised of the following principal business segments: domestic beer, international beer, packaging, and entertainment. In 2005, domestic beer contributed 75.8% and 68.4%, international beer contributed 6.4% and 22.7%, packaging contributed 10.4% and 3.6%, and entertainment contributed 7.4% and 5.3% to net sales and net income, respectively. For this calculation, net sales and expenses exclude corporate items as detailed in the Companys business segments disclosure. The Company believes this measure is the most appropriate as it allows the business segments contributions to add to 100%. Approximately 94% of the Companys net sales and 77% of net income is generated in the United States. Financial information with respect to the Companys business segments appears in Note 15, Business Segments, on pages 60-61 of the 2005 Annual Report to Shareholders, which Note hereby is incorporated by reference.
Domestic beer volume was 101.1 million barrels in 2005 as compared with 103.0 million barrels in 2004. Domestic volume represents Anheuser-Busch brands produced and shipped within the United States including Puerto Rico and the Caribbean. Worldwide sales of the Companys beer brands aggregated 121.9 million barrels in 2005 as compared with 116.8 million barrels in 2004. Worldwide beer volume is comprised of domestic and international volume. International volume represents Anheuser-Busch brands produced overseas by Company-owned breweries and under license and contract brewing agreements, plus exports from the Companys U.S. breweries to markets around the world. Total brands volume includes worldwide Anheuser-Busch brand volume combined with the Companys ownership percentage share of the volume of its international equity partners. Total brands volume was 148.3 million barrels and 136.1 million barrels in 2005 and 2004, respectively.
The Companys principal product is beer, produced and distributed by its subsidiary, ABI, in a variety of containers primarily under the brand names described below. During 2005, ABI discontinued BACARDI Silver Limon, BACARDI Silver Low Carb Green Apple, BACARDI Silver Low Carb Black Cherry, Docs Hard Lemon and Michelob Hefeweizen.
Budweiser, Budweiser Select, Bud Light and Bud Ice are distributed and sold on a nationwide basis. Bud Ice Light is sold in 47 states and Bud Dry in 44 states.
Budweiser, Budweiser Select, Bud Light, Bud Ice and Bud Ice Light are sold in both draught and packaged form. Bud Dry is sold only in packaged form.
Michelob, Michelob Light, Michelob ULTRA and Michelob Amber Bock are distributed and sold on a nationwide basis. Michelob Marzen, Michelob Pale Ale and Michelob Pumpkin Spice Ale are sold in 48 states, Michelob Honey Lager in 45 states, Michelob Golden Draft and Michelob Golden Draft Light in 8 states and Michelob ULTRA Amber (introduced in 2005) in 7 states.
Michelob, Michelob Light, Michelob ULTRA, Michelob ULTRA Amber, Michelob Golden Draft, Michelob Golden Draft Light and Michelob Amber Bock are sold in both draught and packaged form. Michelob Honey Lager is sold only in packaged form. Michelob Marzen, Michelob Pale Ale and Michelob Pumpkin Spice Ale are sold in sampler packs only.
Busch and Busch Light are distributed and sold on a nationwide basis. Busch Ice is sold in 26 states.
Busch and Busch Light are sold in both draught and packaged form. Busch Ice is sold only in packaged form.
Natural Light and Natural Ice are distributed and sold on a nationwide basis in both draught and packaged form. Natty Up (introduced in 2005) is sold in 5 states only in packaged form.
BE is distributed and sold on a nationwide basis only in packaged form.
Anheuser World Lager is sold in 48 states in both draught and packaged form.
Bare Knuckle Stout is sold in 37 states only in draught form.
American Red is sold in 21 states only in draught form.
BISTRO is sold in 2 states in packaged form.
ZiegenBock Amber and ZiegenBock Light are sold in one state in both draught and packaged form.
The Company periodically develops holiday, seasonal, occasional and local beers.
ODouls and ODouls Amber are distributed and sold on a nationwide basis. Busch NA is sold in 46 states.
ODouls and ODouls Amber are sold in both draught and packaged form. Busch NA is sold only in packaged form.
King Cobra is sold in 45 states, Hurricane High Gravity (introduced in 2005) in 36 states, Hurricane Malt in 33 states and Hurricane Ice in 4 states.
King Cobra, Hurricane High Gravity, Hurricane Malt and Hurricane Ice are sold only in packaged form.
Specialty Malt Beverages
BACARDI Silver Watermelon, BACARDI Silver Big Apple, BACARDI Silver Strawberry and Tilt (all introduced in 2005) as well as BACARDI Silver Raz, BACARDI Silver O3 and BACARDI Silver are distributed and sold on a nationwide basis. Tequiza is sold in 49 states. Peels Blueberry Pomegranate, Peels Cranberry Peach, Peels Pear Lemon, Peels Strawberry, 9th Street Lime Cactus, 9th Street Pomegranate Raspberry, 9th Street Blood Orange and Wild Blue (all introduced in 2005) are sold in 3 states.
BACARDI Silver Raz, BACARDI Silver O3 and BACARDI Silver are sold in both draught and packaged form. BACARDI Silver Watermelon, BACARDI Silver Big Apple, BACARDI Silver Strawberry, Tilt, Tequiza, Peels Blueberry Pomegranate, Peels Cranberry Peach, Peels Pear Lemon, Peels Strawberry, 9th Street Lime Cactus, 9th Street Pomegranate Raspberry, 9th Street Blood Orange and Wild Blue are sold only in packaged form.
ABI owns a 33.7% equity interest in Seattle-based Redhook Ale Brewery, Inc. Through this alliance, Redhook products are distributed exclusively by ABI wholesalers in all U.S. markets.
ABI owns a 39.5% interest in Portland-based Widmer Brothers Brewing Company. Widmer products are distributed exclusively by ABI wholesalers in 47 states.
Joint Venture Agreements
The Company brews Kirin-Ichiban and Kirin Light through a joint venture agreement with Kirin Brewing Company, Ltd. of Japan for sale in the United States.
Kirin-Ichiban is sold in 45 states and Kirin Light in 39 states.
Kirin-Ichiban is sold in both draught and packaged form. Kirin Light is sold only in packaged form.
ABI has developed a system of twelve breweries, strategically located across the country, to economically serve its distribution system. (See Item 2 of Part IProperties.) Ongoing modernization programs at the Companys breweries are part of ABIs overall strategic initiatives.
During 2005, approximately 94% of the beer sold by ABI, measured in barrels, reached retail channels through more than 570 independent wholesalers. The Company has a formal, written distribution agreement (the Equity Agreement) with each of its wholesalers. Each Equity Agreement generally specifies the territory in which the wholesaler is permitted to sell the Companys products, the brands that the wholesaler is permitted to sell, performance standards applicable to the wholesaler, procedures to be followed by the wholesaler in connection with the sale of the distribution rights, and circumstances upon which the distribution rights may be terminated. By wholesaler use of controlled environment warehouses and stringent inventory monitoring policies, the quality and freshness of the product are protected, thus providing ABI a significant competitive advantage. ABI utilizes its regional vice-presidents, sales directors, key account and regional sales managers, as well as certain other sales personnel, to provide strategic sales planning and merchandising assistance to its wholesalers. In addition, ABI provides national and local media advertising, point-of-sale advertising, and sales promotion programs to promote its brands, and complements national brand strategies with geographic marketing teams focused on delivering relevant programming addressing local interests and opportunities. The remainder of ABIs domestic beer sales in 2005 were made through 13 branches that perform similar sales, merchandising, and delivery services as the independent wholesalers in their respective areas; these branches are owned and operated by the Company or direct or indirect subsidiaries of the Company. ABIs peak selling periods are the second and third quarters.
Another wholly-owned subsidiary, Wholesaler Equity Development Corporation, shares equity positions with qualified partners in independent beer wholesalerships and is currently invested in 2 wholesalerships.
There are more than 100 companies engaged in the highly competitive brewing industry in the United States. ABIs domestic beers are distributed and sold in competition with other nationally distributed beers, with locally and regionally distributed beers, and with imported beers. Although the methods of competition in the industry vary widely, in part due to differences in applicable state laws, the principal methods of competition are product quality, taste and freshness, packaging, price, advertising (including television, radio, sponsorships, billboards, stadium signs, and print media), point-of-sale materials, and service to retail customers. ABIs beers compete in different price categories. Although all brands compete against the total market, the Companys Budweiser family of beers along with Michelob Golden Draft and Michelob Golden Draft Light compete primarily with premium priced beers. The Companys Busch and Natural family of beers compete with the value
priced beers. The Companys malt liquor products compete against other brands in the malt liquor segment. Michelob, Michelob Light, Michelob Amber Bock, Michelob Honey Lager, Michelob ULTRA, Michelob ULTRA Amber, Michelob Marzen, Michelob Pale Ale, Michelob Pumpkin Spice Ale, Kirin Light, Kirin-Ichiban, Tequiza, ZiegenBock Amber, ZiegenBock Light, the BACARDI Silver products, BE, Anheuser Red, Anheuser World Lager, Bare Knuckle Stout, Bistro, the Peels, 9th Street and Wild Blue products, the Redhook products, and the Widmer beer products compete primarily in the above-premium-priced beer segment of the malt beverage market. ODouls and ODouls Amber (premium priced) and Busch NA (value priced) compete in the non-alcohol malt beverage category. Since 1957, ABI has led the United States brewing industry in total sales volume. In 2005, its sales exceeded those of its nearest competitor by more than 60 million barrels. ABIs domestic market share (excluding exports) for 2005 was approximately 49%. Major competitors in the United States brewing industry during 2005 included SABMiller, Molson Coors Brewing Company, Grupo Modelo, S.A. de C.V., and Heineken. In addition to competing with the other brewers brands, the Companys beer brands must also compete in the marketplace with other types of alcohol beverage choices available to consumers.
The Company has energy drinks, 180 and 180 X3 in the alternative beverage segment. 180 and 180 X3 are distributed and sold on a nationwide basis and are available in packaged form. The Company also has an enhanced water beverage drink, 180 Sport, in the alternative beverage segment. 180 Sport is distributed and sold in two flavors in 4 states and is available in packaged form.
The Companys subsidiary, Long Tail Libations Inc., currently has a liqueur product, Jekyll & Hyde, in nine test markets available in packaged form. The Company also has a malt-based product, Spykes, which contains caffeine, gingseng and guarana. It currently is sold in four flavors in eight states and is available in packaged form.
International beer volume was 20.8 million barrels in 2005, compared with 13.8 million barrels in 2004. Anheuser-Busch International, Inc. (ABII), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, oversees the marketing and sale of Budweiser and other ABI brands outside the U.S., operates breweries in the United Kingdom (U.K.) and China, negotiates and administers license and contract brewing agreements on behalf of ABI with various foreign brewers, and negotiates and manages equity investments in foreign brewing partners. ABII also handles the marketing and sale of Harbin and other brands owned by Harbin Brewery Group.
Through Anheuser-Busch Europe Limited (ABEL), an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, certain ABI beer brands are marketed, distributed, and sold in more than thirty countries. In the U.K., ABEL sells Budweiser, Bud Ice, Michelob, Michelob ULTRA, and Anheuser World Lager brands to selected on-premise accounts, brewers, wholesalers, and directly to off-premise accounts. Budweiser, Bud Ice, Michelob, and Michelob ULTRA are brewed and packaged at the Stag Brewery near London, England which is managed and operated by ABEL. Anheuser World Lager and BE are imported into the U.K. by ABEL.
In Canada, Budweiser, Bud Light, Busch and Busch Light are brewed and sold through a license agreement with Labatt Brewing Co. and in Japan, Budweiser is brewed and sold through a license agreement with Kirin Brewery Company, Limited. ODouls is imported into Canada. Budweiser is also brewed under license and sold by brewers in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (Guinness Ireland Limited), Italy (Heineken Italia SpA), Spain (Sociedad Anonima Damm), and Korea (Oriental Brewery Co., Ltd.). In Mexico, Budweiser, Bud Light, ODouls and the 180 energy drink are imported and distributed by a wholly-owned subsidiary of Grupo Modelo (Cervezas Internacionales). The Company has an agreement with Brasseries Kronenbourg for sale and distribution of Bud in France. The Company owns a 7.9% stake in a subsidiary in Argentina of Compañía Cervecerías Unidas S.A. (CCU), the leading Chilean brewer, that brews and distributes Budweiser under license in Argentina and distributes Budweiser in Chile and Uruguay.
In China, the Company has a 97% equity interest in the Budweiser Wuhan International Brewing Company Limited, a joint venture that owns and operates a brewery in Wuhan.
The Company owns 100% of Harbin Brewery Group Limited, the fifth largest brewer in China. Harbin Brewery Group has thirteen breweries in northeast China. Harbin Brewery Group owns 100% of the entities operating seven of the breweries and a majority interest in the remaining six breweries. (See Item 2 of Part IProperties.)
The Company has a strategic investment agreement with Tsingtao Brewery Company Limited, the largest brewer in China, and producer of the Tsingtao brand. Under the agreement, in 2003 and 2004, the Company invested $182 million in three Tsingtao convertible bonds. The investment in bonds, combined with an existing 4.5% stake in Tsingtao common stock, brought Anheuser-Buschs total investment to $211 million. In 2003, the Company converted the first bond, which increased the Companys economic and voting stake in Tsingtao from 4.5% to 9.9%. In April 2005, the Company converted its two remaining Tsingtao convertible bonds into Series H common shares, thereby increasing the Companys economic stake in Tsingtao from 9.9% to 27%, and its voting stake from 9.9% to 20%.
In 1993, the Company purchased a 17.7% direct and indirect equity interest in Grupo Modelos operating subsidiary, Diblo S.A. de C.V., for $477 million. As noted in Note 2, International Equity Investments, on pages 50 and 51 of the 2005 Annual Report to Shareholders, which Note is hereby incorporated by reference, Diblo is the operating subsidiary of Grupo Modelo, Mexicos largest brewer and accordingly, operates in Mexico and is a brewer. The Company increased its direct and indirect equity ownership in Diblo in 1997 to 37% for an additional $605 million and completed the purchase of an additional 13.25% of Diblo for $557 million in 1998, bringing the Companys total investment to $1.6 billion. The Company now owns a 35.12% direct interest in Grupo Modelo and a 23.25% direct interest in Diblo, providing the Company with, directly and indirectly, a 50.2% interest in Diblo. However, the Company does not have voting or other effective control of either Grupo Modelo or Diblo.
Competition for international beer operations differs significantly depending upon the specific country involved. For 2005, no single foreign country or region accounted for more than 3.0% of consolidated revenues or 2.3% of consolidated income before income taxes. The Companys primary foreign markets for beer sales are China, the United Kingdom, Canada, Mexico and Ireland. In each international market, the Company competes against a mix of national, regional, local, and imported beer brands. In China, competition is primarily from numerous national and regional brands. There is no dominant competitor in China. In the United Kingdom, the top four competitorsScottish & Newcastle, Coors Brewers, InBev, and Carlsberg-Tetleyhave combined market share of nearly 77%, with Scottish & Newcastle having a share of approximately 24%. The Companys share is 3%. In Ireland, the market leader is the Companys license brewing partner, Guinness Ireland, with a market share of 64% including a share of 14% related to the Companys products. In Canada, the top two competitors, of similar size, are the Molson Coors Brewing Company and the Companys license brewing partner, Labatt Brewing. Their combined market share is more than 82%, including a share of 14% related to the Companys products.
Net income for the International Beer Segment also includes the Companys ownership percentage of the net income of Grupo Modelo. Modelos principal competitor in Mexico is FEMSA S.A. de C.V., with the two companies having respective market shares of 56% and 44%. Although Anheuser-Busch does not significantly compete in the Mexican beer market, a significant change in Modelos business could have a material effect on the Companys reported net income and earnings per share.
The Companys packaging operations are handled through the following wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Company: Metal Container Corporation (MCC), which manufactures beverage cans at eight plants and beverage can lids at three plants for sale to ABI and U.S. soft drink customers (See Item 2 of Part 1Properties); Anheuser-Busch Recycling Corporation, which buys and sells used aluminum beverage containers from its corporate office in Sunset Hills, Missouri and recycles aluminum containers at its plant in Hayward, California; Precision Printing and Packaging, Inc., which manufactures pressure sensitive, metalized, plastic and paper
labels at its plant in Clarksville, Tennessee; and Eagle Packaging, Inc., which manufactures crown and closure liner materials for ABI at its plant in Bridgeton, Missouri.
Through a wholly-owned limited partnership known as Longhorn Glass Manufacturing, L.P., the Company owns and operates a glass manufacturing plant in Jacinto City, Texas, which manufactures glass bottles for the Companys nearby Houston brewery.
The packaging industry is highly competitive. MCCs share of the U.S. aluminum beverage can market for 2005 was approximately 26%. MCCs competitors include Ball Corporation, Rexam Corporation, and Crown Holdings. In addition, the can industry faces competition from other beverage containers, such as glass and plastic bottles.
The Company is active in the family entertainment industry, primarily through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Busch Entertainment Corporation (BEC), which currently owns, directly and through subsidiaries, nine theme parks.
BEC operates Busch Gardens theme parks in Tampa, Florida and Williamsburg, Virginia, and SeaWorld theme parks in Orlando, Florida, San Antonio, Texas, and San Diego, California. BEC operates water park attractions in Tampa, Florida (Adventure Island) and Williamsburg, Virginia (Water Country, U.S.A.), and Langhorne, Pennsylvania (Sesame Place), as well as Discovery Cove in Orlando, Florida, a reservations-only attraction offering interaction with marine animals. Due to the seasonality of the theme park business, BEC experiences higher revenues in the second and third quarters than in the first and fourth quarters.
In 2005, the Company sold its 13.3% equity interest in Port Aventura, S.A., a theme park near Barcelona, Spain.
The Company is the third largest theme park operator in the United States. It faces competition in the family entertainment industry from other theme and amusement parks, public zoos, public parks, and other family entertainment events and attractions. Major competitors in the theme park industry during 2005 include Walt Disney Co., Six Flags Parks, and Universal Studios Theme Parks. No reliable national market share information is available for the theme park industry.
Through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Busch Properties, Inc. (BPI), the Company is engaged in the business of real estate development. BPI also owns and operates The Kingsmill Resort and Conference Center in Williamsburg, Virginia.
Through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Manufacturers Railway Co., the Company owns and operates a transportation service business.
The Companys wholly-owned subsidiary, Busch Agricultural Resources, Inc. (BARI), operates rice milling facilities in Jonesboro, Arkansas and Woodland, California; twelve grain elevators in the western and midwestern United States; barley seed processing plants in Fairfield, Montana, Idaho Falls, Idaho, and Powell, Wyoming; and a barley research facility in Ft. Collins, Colorado. BARI also owns and operates malt plants in Manitowoc, Wisconsin, Moorhead, Minnesota, and Idaho Falls, Idaho. Through wholly-owned subsidiaries, BARI operates land application farms in Jacksonville, Florida and Fort Collins, Colorado; hop farms in Bonners Ferry, Idaho and Huell, Germany; and a barley purchasing office in Winnipeg, Canada.
The products manufactured by the Company require a large volume of various agricultural products, including hops, barley malt, rice, and corn grits for beer, and rice and barley for the rice milling and malting operations of Busch Agricultural Resources, Inc. The Company fulfills its commodities requirements through purchases from various sources, including purchases from its subsidiaries, through contractual arrangements and on the open market. The Company believes that adequate supplies of the aforementioned agricultural
products are available at the present time, but cannot predict future availability or market prices of such products and materials. The above referenced commodities have experienced and will continue to experience price fluctuations. The price and supply of raw materials will be determined by, among other factors, the level of crop production both in the U.S. and around the world, weather conditions, export demand, and government regulations and legislation affecting agriculture and trade.
The Company uses water in brewing its beer. The Company generally satisfies its requirements for water from municipal water systems and privately owned wells.
The Company also requires aluminum cansheet for the manufacture of cans and lids. The cansheet market experiences price volatility due to the supply and demand balance for both aluminum ingot and sheet fabrication. The Company manages its aluminum supply and cost using various methods including long-term purchase contracts and hedging techniques. The Company believes that an adequate supply of aluminum is available at the present time, but cannot predict future availability or market prices.
The Company uses natural gas, fuel oil, and coal as its primary fuel materials. The Company believes that adequate supplies of fuel and electricity are available at the present time, but cannot predict future availability or market prices. Where economically feasible, the Company has alternate fuel capability which helps ensure continued operation of essential processes.
The energy commodity markets have experienced and, the Company expects, will continue to experience significant price volatility. The Company manages its energy costs using various methods including supply contracts, hedging techniques, and fuel switching.
Some of the Companys major brand names used in its principal business segments are mentioned in the discussion above. The Company regards consumer recognition of and loyalty to all of its brand names and trademarks as extremely important to the long-term success of its principal business segments. The Company owns rights to its principal brand names and trademarks in perpetuity.
The Company is involved in a number of research activities relating to the development of new products or services or the improvement of existing products or services. The dollar amounts expended by the Company during the past three years on such research activities and the number of employees engaged full time therein during such period, however, are not considered to be material in relation to the total business of the Company.
All of the Companys facilities are subject to federal, state, and local environmental protection laws and regulations, and the Company is operating within existing laws and regulations or is taking action aimed at assuring compliance therewith. Various proactive strategies are utilized to help assure this compliance. Compliance with such laws and regulations is not expected to materially affect the Companys capital expenditures, earnings, or competitive position. The Company has devoted considerable effort to research, development, and engineering of innovative and cost effective systems to minimize effects on the environment from its operating facilities.
These projects, coupled with the Companys Environmental Management System and an overall Company emphasis on pollution prevention and resource conservation initiatives, are improving efficiencies and creating saleable by-products from residuals. They have generally facilitated lower cost operating systems while reducing the impact to air, water, and land.
The states of California, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Oregon, and Vermont have adopted certain restrictive packaging laws and regulations for beverages that require deposits on packages. ABI continues to do business in these states. While such laws have not had a significant effect on ABIs market share, they have resulted in significantly higher beer prices over and above the cost of the deposit in those states that have adopted container deposit laws as well as had an adverse impact on beer industry growth in those states. The Company considers deposit laws to be inflationary, costly, and inefficient for recycling packaging materials. Congress and a number of additional states continue to consider similar legislation, the adoption of which might require the Company to incur significant capital expenditures to comply as some proposed container deposit laws would require the use of returnable, reusable bottles. As a result, the Company would be required to acquire equipment to receive, sort, inspect and clean bottles.
As of December 31, 2005, the Company had approximately 31,485 full-time employees worldwide. Within the United States approximately 8,266 employees were represented by the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. The labor agreement between ABI and the Teamsters, which represents the majority of the domestic brewery workers, expires February 28, 2009. Approximately 10,000 international employees of the Company are members of other worker organizations (the vast majority of which are not subject to collective bargaining agreements).
The Company considers its employee relations to be good.
The Company maintains a website on the World Wide Web at www.anheuser-busch.com. The Company makes available, free of charge, on its website its annual reports on Forms 10-K, quarterly reports on Forms 10-Q, current reports on Forms 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. The Companys reports filed with, or furnished to, the SEC are also available on the SECs website at www.sec.gov.
Anheuser-Busch makes forward-looking statements in its filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission and in other oral or written communications. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to be materially different from those indicated (both favorably and unfavorably). These risks and uncertainties include (but are not limited to) the risks described below. Anheuser-Busch undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Increased competitive pressures may reduce revenues or increase costs.
Anheuser-Busch faces competition in each business from alternative providers of the products we offer. For example:
Competition may divert consumers and customers from the Anheuser-Busch products. In order to respond to competition, Anheuser-Busch may need to change the prices of products or incur additional costs to introduce new packages or products. Innovation faces inherent risks, and the new products we introduce may not be successful.
Changes in consumer tastes and preferences could reduce demand for the Anheuser-Busch products.
The success of Anheuser-Busch depends on satisfying consumer tastes and preferences with our beverage products, our container products and our theme park offerings. Consumer preferences can change in unpredictable ways, and consumers may begin to prefer the products of competitors. In order to respond to changes in consumer preferences, Anheuser-Busch may need to increase and enhance the marketing of existing products, change the pricing of existing products or introduce new products and services. Each response might affect financial results.
Increases in raw material and commodity prices could increase operating costs.
The Anheuser-Busch malt beverage products require various agricultural products. Anheuser-Busch also uses aluminum cansheet to manufacture beverage cans and lids, glass bottles as containers for malt beverages and natural gas, fuel oil and coal as primary fuel materials. Raw materials and commodities are subject to price volatility caused by market fluctuations, including the quality and availability of supply, weather, currency fluctuations, trade agreements among producing and consuming nations, consumer demand and changes in governmental programs. To some extent, derivative financial instruments and supply agreements can protect against increases in materials and commodities costs, but they do not provide complete protection over the longer term. Anheuser-Busch might be able to raise prices to offset increases in costs, but price increases can reduce sales volumes. If Anheuser-Busch is not able to increase prices to offset cost increases or if price increases reduce sales volumes, financial results would be adversely affected.
Anheuser-Busch is subject to risks associated with international operations.
Anheuser-Busch has significant international operations and the profitable expansion of the international business is a long term goal. Anheuser-Busch has equity investments in brewers in China and Mexico, owns breweries in China and the United Kingdom and sells malt beverages globally. Although Anheuser-Busch does not significantly compete in the Mexican beer market, a significant change in Modelos business could have a material effect on the Companys reported net income and earnings per share.
The international operations are subject to the inherent risks of international business, such as:
The loss of key personnel could adversely affect operations and financial results.
The ability of Anheuser-Busch to meet strategic and financial goals will depend to a significant extent on the continued contributions of the senior management team. Future success will also depend in large part on the ability to identify, attract and retain other highly qualified managerial, sales and marketing and technical personnel. Anheuser-Busch may not succeed in retaining senior management or other key personnel. The loss
of senior management or other key personnel or the inability to identify, attract and retain qualified personnel in the future could make it difficult to manage the business and could adversely affect operations and financial results.
An increase in beer excise taxes or other taxes could adversely affect financial results.
Anheuser-Busch is affected by federal, foreign, state and local income and other taxes, particularly beer excise taxes which are levied both by the federal, foreign and state governments. Proposals are made from time to time to increase beer excise taxes in a variety of states. In addition, Anheuser-Busch is subject to periodic audits and examinations by the Internal Revenue Service and other foreign, state and local taxing authorities. An increase in taxes or an adverse determination by a taxing authority could adversely affect financial results.
Governmental regulation could affect our operations or increase costs.
All of the Anheuser-Busch businesses are subject to governmental regulation. The Anheuser-Busch domestic beer business and its wholesalers are especially subject to extensive regulation at the federal, state and local levels. Permits, licenses and approvals necessary to the domestic beer business are required from the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau of the United States Treasury Department, state alcohol beverage regulatory agencies in the states in which we sell or produce products and local authorities in some jurisdictions in which we sell products. Compliance with these laws and regulations can be costly.
Anheuser-Busch may be subject to claims that we have not complied with existing laws and regulations, which could result in fines and penalties. Anheuser-Busch is routinely subject to new or modified laws and regulations with which we must comply in order to avoid fines and other penalties and which may affect operations. From time to time, new laws and regulations are proposed that would affect operations, affect the distribution of the Anheuser-Busch products by its wholesalers, or increase expenses.
Anheuser-Busch is subject to litigation directed at the alcohol beverage industry and other litigation.
Anheuser-Busch and many other brewers and distilled spirits manufacturers have been sued in several courts regarding advertising practices and underage consumption. The suits allege that the defendants marketed products to underage consumers. The suits purport to be class actions and seek unspecified money damages and equitable remedies. We believe we have meritorious defenses and will defend ourselves vigorously in these actions.
Anheuser-Busch is now, and may in the future be, a party to other legal proceedings and claims, and significant damages may be asserted against us. Given the inherent uncertainty of litigation, it is possible that Anheuser-Busch might incur liabilities as a consequence of the proceedings and claims.
Anheuser-Busch may make acquisitions, investments and joint venture arrangements, which are risky.
Anheuser-Busch has in the past and may in the future make acquisitions of, investments in, and joint venture arrangements with international brewers to increase international beer profits. We cannot be assured that the acquisitions, investments and joint venture arrangements will achieve the expected benefits. Also, our ability to increase international beer profits by this method will depend on the availability of suitable candidates at an acceptable price and our ability to compete effectively for these candidates.
The Anheuser-Busch businesses are subject to a number of other miscellaneous risks that may adversely affect financial results.
Other miscellaneous risks include:
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
ABI has twelve breweries in operation at the present time, located in St. Louis, Missouri; Newark, New Jersey; Los Angeles and Fairfield, California; Jacksonville, Florida; Houston, Texas; Columbus, Ohio; Merrimack, New Hampshire; Williamsburg, Virginia; Baldwinsville, New York; Fort Collins, Colorado; and Cartersville, Georgia. Title to the Baldwinsville, New York brewery is held by the Onondaga County Industrial Development Agency (OCIDA) pursuant to a Sale and Agency Agreement with ABI, which enabled OCIDA to issue tax exempt pollution control and industrial development revenue notes and bonds to finance a portion of the cost to purchase and modify the brewery. The brewery is not pledged or mortgaged to secure any of the notes or bonds, and the Sale and Agency Agreement with OCIDA gives ABI the unconditional right to require at any time that title to the brewery be transferred to ABI. ABIs breweries operated at approximately 90.2% of capacity in 2005; during portions of the peak selling periods (second and third quarters), they operated at close to maximum capacity.
The Company also owns a 97% equity interest in a joint venture that owns and operates a brewery in Wuhan, China. The Company also leases and operates the Stag Brewery near London, England. With its acquisition of Harbin Brewery Group, the Company now has thirteen breweries in northeast China. There are two breweries located in Harbin and one in each of Hailun, Yongji County (Jilin Province), Hegang, Changchun, Mudanjiang, Jiamusi, Daqing, Jinzhou, Tangshan, Shenyang, and Yanji.
The Company, through wholly-owned subsidiaries, operates malt plants in Manitowoc, Wisconsin, Moorhead, Minnesota, and Idaho Falls, Idaho; rice mills in Jonesboro, Arkansas and Woodland, California; hop farms in Bonners Ferry, Idaho and Huell, Germany; can manufacturing plants in Jacksonville, Florida, Columbus, Ohio, Arnold, Missouri, Windsor, Colorado, Newburgh, New York, Ft. Atkinson, Wisconsin, Rome, Georgia, and Mira Loma, California; can lid manufacturing plants in Gainesville, Florida, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and Riverside, California; a label plant in Clarksville, Tennessee; a crown and closure liner material plant in Bridgeton, Missouri; and an aluminum can recycling plant in Hayward, California. The Company operates a glass manufacturing plant in Jacinto City, Texas through a wholly-owned limited partnership.
BEC operates its principal family entertainment facilities in Tampa, Florida; Williamsburg, Virginia; San Diego, California; Orlando, Florida; and San Antonio, Texas. The Tampa facility is 336 acres, the Williamsburg facility is 323 acres, the San Diego facility is 166 acres, the Orlando facility is 247 acres, and the San Antonio facility is 316 acres.
Except for the Baldwinsville brewery, the can manufacturing plants in Newburgh, New York and Rome, Georgia, the SeaWorld park in San Diego, California, the Stag Brewery, the brewery in Wuhan, China, and certain of the breweries owned by Harbin Brewery Group, all of the Companys principal properties are owned in fee. The lease for the land used by the SeaWorld park in San Diego, California expires in 2048. The Company leases the Stag Brewery from Scottish & Newcastle. In 1995, the joint venture that operates the brewery in Wuhan was granted the right to use the property for a period of 50 years from the appropriate governmental authorities. The Company considers its buildings, improvements, and equipment to be well maintained and in
good condition, irrespective of dates of initial construction, and adequate to meet the operating demands placed upon them. The production capacity of each of the manufacturing facilities is adequate for current needs and, except as described above, substantially all of each facilitys capacity is utilized.
In 2005, the Company and its outside insurance companies settled all claims associated with previously disclosed lawsuits filed by Maris Distributing Company. Additional information is contained in Note 13, Contingencies, on page 60 of the 2005 Annual Report to Shareholders, which Note hereby is incorporated by reference.
In 2004, the Company was served with a complaint brought by two individuals seeking to bring a class action on behalf of all California residents who, while they were under 21 years of age, purchased alcohol beverages manufactured by the Company and another defendant during the last four years. The suit sought disgorgement of unspecified profits earned by the Company in the past and other unspecified damages and equitable relief. By order dated January 28, 2005, the California state court granted the defendants judgment on the pleadings and dismissed the case in its entirety. The plaintiffs in that action have appealed.
Additionally, the Company has been served with similar complaints in putative class action lawsuits in Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin and West Virginia. In these suits, which name a large number of other brewers and distillers, the parents of illegal underage drinkers are suing to recover the sums that their offspring purportedly spent illegally buying alcohol from persons or entities other than the defendants. The claims asserted against the Company vary depending on the suit, but include negligence, unjust enrichment, violation of the states Sales Practice Act or other statutory provisions, nuisance, fraudulent concealment and civil conspiracy. The suit filed in Michigan includes a claim under the Michigan Consumer Protection Act. Each suit seeks money damages, punitive damages and injunctive and equitable relief, including so-called disgorgement of profits allegedly attributable to illegal underage drinking. The Company removed the Ohio case to federal court in the Northern District of Ohio in June 2004, removed the West Virginia case to federal court in the Northern District of West Virginia in May 2005 and removed the Michigan case to federal court in the Eastern District of Michigan in July 2005. The Company filed motions to dismiss the Ohio and Wisconsin cases, and the Ohio federal court and the Wisconsin state court dismissed the entire cases with prejudice. A motion to dismiss is pending in Michigan. Similar actions were filed by the same law firm in New York and Florida, but the Company was not served in either case, and the Florida case has been voluntarily dismissed by the plaintiffs.
The Company believes that it has strong legal and factual defenses to these class actions and intends to defend itself vigorously.
The Company is not a party to any other pending or threatened litigation, the outcome of which could be expected to have a material adverse effect upon its financial condition, its results of operations or cash flows.
There were no matters submitted to a vote of security holders, through the solicitation of proxies or otherwise, during the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2005.
PATRICK T. STOKES (age 63) is presently President and Chief Executive Officer and a Director of the Company and has served in such capacities since 2002, 2002, and 2000, respectively. He previously served as Senior Executive Vice President (2000-2002) of the Company. He is also presently Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Companys subsidiary, Anheuser-Busch, Incorporated (ABI), and has served in such capacities since 2002 and 2000, respectively, and Chairman of the Board of the Companys subsidiary, Anheuser-Busch International, Inc., and has served in such capacity since 1999. He previously served as President of ABI (1990-2002).
AUGUST A. BUSCH III (age 68) is presently Chairman of the Board and a Director of the Company and has served in such capacities since 1977 and 1963, respectively. He previously served as President of the
Company (1974-2002) and Chief Executive Officer (1975-2002). He also serves as Executive Vice President of the Companys subsidiary, Anheuser-Busch, Incorporated, and has served in such capacity since 2002, and had previously served as its Chairman of the Board (1979-2002) and also as its Chief Executive Officer (1979-2000).
W. RANDOLPH BAKER (age 59) is presently Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Company and has served in such capacity since 1996.
JOHN E. JACOB (age 71) is presently Executive Vice President-Global Communications and a Director of the Company and has served in such capacities since 2002 and 1990, respectively. He previously served as the Companys Executive Vice President and Chief Communications Officer (1994-2002). He also serves as Executive Vice President of the Companys subsidiary, Anheuser-Busch, Incorporated, and has served in such capacity since 2002.
THOMAS W. SANTEL (age 47) is presently Vice President-Corporate Development of the Company and has served in such capacity since 1996.
STEPHEN J. BURROWS (age 54) is presently Vice President-International Operations of the Company and has served in such capacity since 1999. He is also presently Chief Executive Officer and President of the Companys subsidiary, Anheuser-Busch International, Inc., and has served as Chief Executive Officer since 1999 and as President since 1994.
AUGUST A. BUSCH IV (age 41) is presently Vice President and Group Executive of the Company and has served in such capacity since 2000. He is also presently President of the Companys subsidiary, Anheuser-Busch, Incorporated, and has served in such capacity since 2002 and had previously served as its Group Vice President-Marketing and Wholesale Operations (2000-2002).
MARK T. BOBAK (age 46) is presently Group Vice President and Chief Legal Officer and has served in that capacity since 2004. He had previously served as Vice President-Corporate Human Resources (2000-2004).
JOSEPH P. SELLINGER (age 59) is presently Vice President and Group Executive of the Company and has served in such capacity since 2000. He is also presently Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President of the Companys direct subsidiaries, Anheuser-Busch Packaging Group, Inc., Anheuser-Busch Recycling Corporation, Metal Container Corporation, Eagle Packaging, Inc., and Precision Printing and Packaging, Inc., and has served in all such capacities since 2000. He is also Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President of the Companys direct subsidiary, Glass Container Corporation (doing business as Longhorn Glass Corporation), and has served in such capacities since 2001.
DOUGLAS J. MUHLEMAN (age 51) is presently Group Vice President-Brewing Operations and Technology of the Companys subsidiary, Anheuser-Busch, Incorporated, and has served in such capacity since 2001 and had previously served as its Vice President-Brewing (1996-2001).
FRANCINE I. KATZ (age 47) is presently Vice President-Communications and Consumer Affairs of the Company and has served in such capacity since 2004. She previously served as its Vice President-Corporate Communications (2002-2004) and Vice President-Consumer Affairs (1999-2002).
KEITH M. KASEN (age 62) is presently Chairman of the Board and President of the Companys subsidiary, Busch Entertainment Corporation, and has served in such capacities since 2003. He previously served as Executive Vice President and General Manager of the SeaWorld theme parks in Orlando, Florida (2000-2003).
JOSEPH P. CASTELLANO (age 52) is presently Vice President-Corporate Human Resources of the Company and has served in such capacity since 2004. He previously served as Vice President-Retail Marketing (2001-2004) and Vice President-Wholesale Operations (1994-2001) of the Companys subsidiary, Anheuser-Busch, Incorporated.
JAMES F. HOFFMEISTER (age 61) is presently Group Vice President-Procurement, Logistics and Agricultural Resources of the Companys subsidiary, Anheuser-Busch, Incorporated (ABI) and has served in such capacity since 2004. He previously served as Vice President-Administration (1990-2004) of ABI.
MICHAEL J. OWENS (age 51) is presently Vice President-Marketing of the Companys subsidiary, Anheuser-Busch, Incorporated (ABI) and has served in such capacity since January 2006. He previously served as Vice President-Sales and Marketing (2004-2005), Vice President-Sales (2001-2004) and Vice President-Geographic Marketing (1997-2001) of ABI.
ANTHONY T. PONTURO (age 53) is presently Vice President-Global Media and Sports Marketing of the Companys subsidiary, Anheuser-Busch, Incorporated and has served in such capacity since 1998.
JOHN F. KELLY (age 49) is presently Vice President and Controller of the Company and has served in such capacity since 1996.
MARLENE V. COULIS (age 44) is presently Vice President-Brand Management of the Companys subsidiary, Anheuser-Busch, Incorporated (ABI) and has served in such capacity since August 2005. She previously served as Vice President-Research and Customer Satisfaction (March 2005-August 2005), Vice President-Geographic Marketing (April 2004-March 2005), Director-New Products (2001-2004) and Brand Manager (1997-2001) of ABI.
The information required by Items 5 (except as set forth below), 6, 7, 7A, and 8 of this Part II are hereby incorporated by reference from pages 26 through 65 of the Companys 2005 Annual Report to Shareholders.
Following are the Companys common stock purchases during the fourth quarter 2005 (shares in millions):
All shares are repurchased under authorization by the Companys Board of Directors. The Board authorized the current program to repurchase 100 million shares in March 2003. There is no prescribed termination date for this program. The figures shown include shares delivered to the Company to exercise stock options.
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.
It is the responsibility of the chief executive officer and chief financial officer to ensure the Company maintains disclosure controls and procedures designed to provide reasonable assurance that material information, both financial and non-financial, and other information required under the securities laws to be disclosed is
identified and communicated to senior management on a timely basis. The Companys disclosure controls and procedures include mandatory communication of material subsidiary events, automated accounting processing and reporting, management review of monthly and quarterly results, periodic subsidiary business reviews, an established system of internal controls and rotating internal control reviews by the Companys internal auditors.
The chief executive officer and chief financial officer evaluated the Companys disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the year ended December 31, 2005 and have concluded that they are effective as of December 31, 2005 in providing reasonable assurance that such information is identified and communicated on a timely basis. Additionally, there were no changes in the Companys internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2005 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Companys internal control over financial reporting.
Managements Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting appears on page 40 of the 2005 Annual Report to Shareholders, which is incorporated by reference. The Report of the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting appears on page 41 of the 2005 Annual Report to Shareholders, which is incorporated by reference.
Item 9B. Other Information.
A portion of the information required by this Item with respect to Directors is hereby incorporated by reference from pages 7 through 9, 13 and pages 27 and 28 of the Companys Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders on April 26, 2006. The information required by this Item with respect to Executive Officers is presented on pages 13 through 15 of this Form 10-K.
The information required by this Item is hereby incorporated by reference from pages 11 and 12 and pages 19 through 26 of the Companys Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders on April 26, 2006.
A portion of the information required by this Item pursuant to Item 403 of Regulation S-K is hereby incorporated by reference from pages 10 and 11 of the Companys Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders on April 26, 2006.
The information required pursuant to Item 201(d) of Regulation S-K is hereby incorporated by reference from page 26 of the Companys Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders on April 26, 2006.
The information required by this Item is hereby incorporated by reference from pages 27 and 28 of the Companys Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders on April 26, 2006.
The information required by this Item is hereby incorporated by reference from page 19 of the Companys Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders on April 26, 2006.
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
(a) The following documents are filed as part of this report:
*Incorporated herein by reference from the indicated pages of the 2005 Annual Report to Shareholders.
*A management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement required to be filed by Item 15(c) of this report.
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Date: March 9, 2006
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
Principal Executive Officer:
Principal Financial Officer:
Principal Accounting Officer:
Date: March 9, 2006
ANHEUSER-BUSCH COMPANIES, INC.
INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULE
All other Financial Statement Schedules are omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is shown in the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes.
To the Board of Directors
Our audits of the consolidated financial statements, of managements assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting and of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting referred to in our report dated February 22, 2006 appearing in the 2005 Annual Report to Shareholders of Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. (which report, consolidated financial statements and assessment are incorporated by reference in this Annual Report on Form 10-K) also included an audit of the financial statement schedule listed in Item 15(a)(2) of this Form 10-K. In our opinion, this financial statement schedule presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements.
St. Louis, MO
ANHEUSER-BUSCH COMPANIES, INC.