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Applied Materials 10-Q 2008
e10vq
 

 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
     
(Mark One)    
 
þ
  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the quarterly period ended January 27, 2008
or
o
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the transition period from          to          
 
Commission File Number 000-06920
 
 
 
     
Delaware
  94-1655526
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
  Identification No.)
3050 Bowers Avenue,
  95052-8039
P.O. Box 58039
  (Zip Code)
Santa Clara, California
   
(Address of principal executive offices)
   
 
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
(408) 727-5555
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
             
Large accelerated filer þ
  Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting Company o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
 
Number of shares outstanding of the issuer’s common stock as of January 27, 2008: 1,353,612,157
 
 


 

 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.   Financial Statements
 
APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
 
                 
    Three Months Ended  
    January 27,
    January 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (Unaudited)
 
    (In thousands, except per
 
    share amounts)  
 
Net sales
  $ 2,087,397     $ 2,277,267  
Cost of products sold
    1,152,416       1,214,729  
                 
Gross margin
    934,981       1,062,538  
Operating expenses:
               
Research, development and engineering
    273,219       287,567  
Marketing and selling
    123,917       106,912  
General and administrative
    115,976       121,811  
Restructuring and asset impairments
    48,986       (3,278 )
                 
Income from operations
    372,883       549,526  
Pretax loss of equity-method investment
    9,586       3,937  
Interest expense
    4,545       10,468  
Interest income
    30,570       30,103  
                 
Income before income taxes
    389,322       565,224  
Provision for income taxes
    126,946       161,748  
                 
Net income
  $ 262,376     $ 403,476  
                 
Earnings per share:
               
Basic
  $ 0.19     $ 0.29  
Diluted
  $ 0.19     $ 0.29  
Weighted average number of shares:
               
Basic
    1,371,245       1,394,710  
Diluted
    1,383,886       1,409,014  
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS*
 
                 
    January 27,
    October 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (In thousands)  
 
ASSETS
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 1,215,649     $ 1,202,722  
Short-term investments
    689,907       1,166,857  
Accounts receivable, net
    2,014,501       2,049,427  
Inventories
    1,387,512       1,313,237  
Deferred income taxes
    409,773       426,471  
Other current assets
    474,464       448,879  
                 
Total current assets
    6,191,806       6,607,593  
Long-term investments
    1,457,825       1,362,425  
Property, plant and equipment
    2,815,860       2,782,204  
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
    (1,750,773 )     (1,730,962 )
                 
Net property, plant and equipment
    1,065,087       1,051,242  
Goodwill, net
    1,017,705       1,006,410  
Purchased technology and other intangible assets, net
    354,450       373,178  
Equity-method investment
    105,474       115,060  
Deferred income taxes and other assets
    160,141       146,370  
                 
Total assets
  $ 10,352,488     $ 10,662,278  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
               
Current portion of long-term debt
  $ 2,674     $ 2,561  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
    2,174,683       2,221,516  
Income taxes payable
    176,113       157,549  
                 
Total current liabilities
    2,353,470       2,381,626  
Long-term debt
    202,476       202,281  
Other liabilities
    337,811       256,962  
                 
Total liabilities
    2,893,757       2,840,869  
                 
Stockholders’ equity:
               
Common stock
    13,536       13,857  
Additional paid-in capital
    4,707,141       4,658,832  
Retained earnings
    11,044,518       10,863,291  
Treasury stock
    (8,323,728 )     (7,725,924 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income
    17,264       11,353  
                 
Total stockholders’ equity
    7,458,731       7,821,409  
                 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 10,352,488     $ 10,662,278  
                 
 
 
* Amounts as of January 27, 2008 are unaudited. Amounts as of October 28, 2007 are derived from the October 28, 2007 audited consolidated financial statements.
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.


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APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 
                 
    Three Months Ended  
    January 27,
    January 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (Unaudited)
 
    (In thousands)  
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
               
Net income
  $ 262,376     $ 403,476  
Adjustments required to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    78,474       60,904  
Loss on fixed asset retirements
    11,211       3,122  
Restructuring and asset impairments
    48,986       (3,278 )
Deferred income taxes
    3,417       (2,457 )
Net recognized loss on investments
    639       1,767  
Pretax loss of equity-method investment
    9,586       3,937  
Equity-based compensation
    38,722       34,901  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of amounts acquired:
               
Accounts receivable, net
    34,926       (24,350 )
Inventories
    (73,937 )     (110,695 )
Other current assets
    (22,579 )     (31 )
Other assets
    (4,984 )     (3,078 )
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
    (95,459 )     (107,823 )
Income taxes payable
    94,248       121,082  
Other liabilities
    4,105       3,720  
                 
Cash provided by operating activities
    389,731       381,197  
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Capital expenditures
    (74,144 )     (58,901 )
Cash paid for acquisition, net of cash acquired
    (19,084 )      
Proceeds from disposition of assets held for sale
          9,484  
Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments
    806,776       730,009  
Purchases of investments
    (423,529 )     (728,520 )
                 
Cash provided by (used for) for investing activities
    290,019       (47,928 )
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Long-term debt borrowings
    343        
Proceeds from common stock issuances
    15,681       75,094  
Common stock repurchases
    (600,000 )     (132,017 )
Payment of dividends to stockholders
    (83,068 )     (69,614 )
                 
Cash used for financing activities
    (667,044 )     (126,537 )
                 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
    221       420  
                 
Increase in cash and cash equivalents
    12,927       207,152  
                 
Cash and cash equivalents — beginning of period
    1,202,722       861,463  
                 
Cash and cash equivalents — end of period
  $ 1,215,649     $ 1,068,615  
                 
Supplemental cash flow information:
               
Cash payments for income taxes
  $ 41,878     $ 40,428  
Cash payments for interest
  $ 45     $ 57  
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.


4


 

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
 
Note 1   Basis of Presentation and Equity-Based Compensation
 
 
In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim consolidated condensed financial statements of Applied Materials, Inc. and its subsidiaries (Applied or the Company) included herein have been prepared on a basis consistent with the October 28, 2007 audited consolidated financial statements and include all material adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly present the information set forth therein. These unaudited interim consolidated condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Applied’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 28, 2007 (2007 Form 10-K). Applied’s results of operations for the three months ended January 27, 2008 are not necessarily indicative of future operating results.
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (United States) requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.
 
 
Effective in the first quarter of fiscal 2008, Applied renamed two of its reportable segments. The Fab Solutions segment has been renamed Applied Global Services, and the Adjacent Technologies segment has been renamed Energy and Environmental Solutions. In addition, Applied changed its management reporting system for services, with all service results reported in the Applied Global Services segment. Fiscal 2007 segment information has been reclassified to conform to the fiscal 2008 presentation.
 
 
Applied has adopted stock plans that provide for grants to employees of equity-based awards, including stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units (also referred to as “performance shares” under the Applied Materials, Inc. Employee Stock Incentive Plan). In addition, the Employee Stock Incentive Plan provides for the automatic grant of restricted stock units to non-employee directors and permits the grant of equity-based awards to consultants. Applied also has two Employee Stock Purchase Plans (ESPP) for United States and international employees, respectively, which enable employees to purchase Applied common stock.
 
During the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007, Applied recognized equity-based compensation expense related to stock options, ESPP shares, restricted stock units and restricted stock of $39 million and $35 million, respectively. During the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007, Applied recognized income tax benefits related to equity-based compensation of $11 million and $10 million, respectively. The equity-based compensation expense related to restricted stock units and restricted stock for the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007 was $33 million and $20 million, respectively. The estimated fair value of Applied’s equity-based awards, less expected forfeitures, is amortized over the awards’ service periods on a straight-line basis.
 
 
The exercise price of each stock option equals the market price of Applied common stock on the date of grant. Most options are scheduled to vest over four years and expire no later than seven years from the grant date. The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. This model was developed for use in estimating the value of publicly traded options that have no vesting restrictions and


5


 

are fully transferable. Applied’s employee stock options have characteristics significantly different from those of publicly traded options. The weighted average assumptions used in the model are outlined in the following table:
 
         
    Three Months Ended
 
    January 28, 2007  
 
Stock Options:
       
Dividend yield
    1.12 %
Expected volatility
    32 %
Risk-free interest rate
    4.70 %
Expected life (in years)
    3.9  
 
The computation of the expected volatility assumption used in the Black-Scholes calculations for new grants is based on a combination of historical and implied volatilities. When establishing the expected life assumption, Applied annually reviews historical employee exercise behavior with respect to option grants with similar vesting periods. No options were granted in the first quarter of fiscal 2008. There were 278,000 options granted in the three months ended January 28, 2007. The weighted average grant date fair value of options granted during the three months ended January 28, 2007 was $5.12.
 
 
Under the ESPP, substantially all employees may purchase Applied common stock through payroll deductions at a price equal to 85 percent of the lower of the fair market value of Applied stock at the beginning of the applicable offering period or at the end of each applicable purchase period. No shares were issued under the ESPP during the quarters ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007. Compensation expense is calculated using the fair value of the employees’ purchase rights under the Black-Scholes model.
 
 
Restricted stock units are converted into shares of Applied common stock upon vesting on a one-for-one basis. Restricted stock units vest over a minimum of three years and typically vest over three to four years. Vesting of restricted stock units usually is subject to the employee’s continued service with Applied. The compensation expense related to these awards is determined using the fair value of Applied common stock on the date of the grant. There were 1,739,000 and 1,324,000 restricted stock units granted in the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007, respectively.
 
Beginning in fiscal 2007, Applied initiated a performance-based share award program for named executive officers and other key employees. These awards vest only if specific performance goals set by the Human Resources and Compensation Committee (the Committee) are achieved. The goals require the achievement of specified levels of Applied’s annual operating profit and also that the officer remain an employee of Applied through the vesting date. The fair value of the performance-based restricted stock awards and restricted stock is estimated using the fair value of Applied common stock on the date of the grant and assumes that performance goals will be achieved. If achieved, the grant vests over a specified remaining service period. If such goals are not met, no compensation cost is recognized and any recognized compensation cost is reversed. The expected cost of the grant is reflected over the service period, and is reduced for estimated forfeitures. The Committee approved 1,300,000 and 1,950,000 of performance-based restricted stock units under this program in the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007, respectively. The Committee also approved the issuance of 100,000 and 150,000 shares of performance-based restricted stock in the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007, respectively, to Applied’s President and Chief Executive Officer at $0.01 per share. As of January 27, 2008, the performance goals associated with the fiscal 2007 awards were achieved.
 
Note 2   Earnings Per Share
 
Basic earnings per share is determined using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is determined using the weighted average number of common shares and potential common shares (representing the dilutive effect of stock options, restricted stock units, ESPP shares and amounts due under the agreements associated with the accelerated stock buyback program in fiscal


6


 

2007) outstanding during the period. Applied’s net income has not been adjusted for any period presented for purposes of computing basic or diluted earnings per share. For purposes of computing diluted earnings per share, weighted average potential common shares do not include stock options with an exercise price greater than the average fair market value of Applied common stock for the period, as the effect would be anti-dilutive. Accordingly, options to purchase 52,548,000 and 90,744,000 shares of common stock for the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007, respectively, were excluded from the computation.
 
Note 3   Accounts Receivable, Net
 
Applied has agreements with various financial institutions to sell accounts receivable from selected customers. Applied also discounts letters of credit through various financial institutions. Under these agreements, Applied discounted letters of credit in the amounts of $15 million and $235 million for the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007, respectively. Financing charges on discounting of letters of credit are included in interest expense in the accompanying Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations and were not material for all periods presented.
 
Note 4   Inventories
 
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market, with cost determined on a first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis. Components of inventories were as follows:
 
                 
    January 27,
    October 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (In thousands)  
 
Customer service spares
  $ 536,933     $ 500,173  
Raw materials
    185,606       201,055  
Work-in-process
    232,427       230,244  
Finished goods
    432,546       381,765  
                 
    $ 1,387,512     $ 1,313,237  
                 
 
Included in finished goods inventory is $155 million at January 27, 2008, and $168 million at October 28, 2007, of newly-introduced systems at customer locations where the sales transaction did not meet Applied’s revenue recognition criteria, as set forth in Note 1 of Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Applied’s 2007 Form 10-K.
 
Note 5   Goodwill, Purchased Technology and Other Intangible Assets
 
Details of goodwill and unamortized intangible assets were as follows:
 
                                                 
    January 27, 2008     October 28, 2007  
          Other
                Other
       
          Intangible
                Intangible
       
    Goodwill     Assets     Total     Goodwill     Assets     Total  
    (In thousands)  
 
Gross carrying amount
  $ 1,063,575     $ 17,860     $ 1,081,435     $ 1,052,280     $ 17,860     $ 1,070,140  
Accumulated amortization
    (45,870 )           (45,870 )     (45,870 )           (45,870 )
                                                 
    $ 1,017,705     $ 17,860     $ 1,035,565     $ 1,006,410     $ 17,860     $ 1,024,270  
                                                 
 
Goodwill and unamortized intangible assets are not amortized but are subject to annual reviews for impairment, which Applied performs during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year. Applied conducted these impairment tests in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2007, and the results of these tests indicated that Applied’s goodwill and unamortized intangible assets were not impaired. Goodwill and unamortized intangible assets are also subject to review for impairment when circumstances or events occur during the year that indicate that the assets may be impaired. The goodwill balance as of October 28, 2007 increased by $6 million from the amount previously reported due to an immaterial correction to the purchase price allocation for the acquisition of HCT Shaping Systems S.A. From October 28, 2007 to January 27, 2008, the change in goodwill was $11 million, primarily due to


7


 

the acquisition of certain net assets of Edwards Vacuum, Inc., which was completed in the first quarter of fiscal 2008. Other intangible assets that are not subject to amortization consist primarily of a trade name. As of January 27, 2008, goodwill and unamortized intangible assets by reportable segment were: Energy and Environmental Solutions, $492 million; Silicon, $224 million; Applied Global Services, $204 million and Display, $116 million. For additional details, see Note 12.
 
Details of amortized intangible assets were as follows:
 
                                                 
    January 27, 2008     October 28, 2007  
          Other
                Other
       
    Purchased
    Intangible
          Purchased
    Intangible
       
    Technology     Assets     Total     Technology     Assets     Total  
    (In thousands)  
 
Gross carrying amount
  $ 521,267     $ 226,822     $ 748,089     $ 518,042     $ 224,253     $ 742,295  
Accumulated amortization
    (347,332 )     (64,167 )     (411,499 )     (340,527 )     (46,450 )     (386,977 )
                                                 
    $ 173,935     $ 162,655     $ 336,590     $ 177,515     $ 177,803     $ 355,318  
                                                 
 
Purchased technology and other intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives of 1 to 15 years using the straight-line method. Aggregate amortization expense was $25 million and $9 million for the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007, respectively. As of January 27, 2008, future estimated amortization expense is expected to be $67 million for the remainder of fiscal 2008, $46 million for fiscal 2009, $45 million for fiscal 2010, $42 million for fiscal 2011, $41 million for fiscal 2012, and $96 million thereafter. As of January 27, 2008, amortized intangible assets by reportable segment were: Energy and Environmental Solutions, $228 million; Applied Global Services, $57 million; Display, $48 million; and Silicon, $4 million.
 
Note 6   Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses, Guarantees and Contingencies
 
 
Components of accounts payable and accrued expenses were as follows:
 
                 
    January 27,
    October 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (In thousands)  
 
Accounts payable
  $ 462,116     $ 455,894  
Compensation and employee benefits
    360,309       491,411  
Deferred revenue
    340,209       377,458  
Customer deposits
    317,217       225,632  
Warranty
    167,618       184,271  
Dividends payable
    81,217       83,142  
Other accrued taxes
    72,002       67,962  
Restructuring reserve
    61,581       23,193  
Other
    312,414       312,553  
                 
    $ 2,174,683     $ 2,221,516  
                 
 
Changes in the warranty reserves during the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007 were as follows:
 
                 
    Three Months Ended  
    January 27,
    January 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (In thousands)  
 
Beginning balance
  $ 184,271     $ 174,605  
Provisions for warranty
    29,412       46,801  
Consumption of reserves
    (46,065 )     (44,013 )
                 
Ending balance
  $ 167,618     $ 177,393  
                 


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Applied products are generally sold with a 12-month warranty period following installation. The provision for the estimated cost of warranty is recorded when revenue is recognized. Parts and labor are covered under the terms of the warranty agreement. The warranty provision is based on historical experience by product, configuration and geographic region. Quarterly warranty consumption is generally associated with sales that occurred during the preceding four quarters, and quarterly warranty provisions are generally related to the current quarter’s sales.
 
 
During the ordinary course of business, Applied provides standby letters of credit or other guarantee instruments to certain parties as required for certain transactions initiated by either Applied or its subsidiaries. As of January 27, 2008, the maximum potential amount of future payments that Applied could be required to make under these guarantee arrangements was $208 million. Applied has not recorded any liability in connection with these guarantee arrangements beyond that required to account for the underlying transaction being guaranteed. Applied does not believe, based on historical experience and information currently available, that it is probable that any amounts will be required to be paid under these guarantee arrangements.
 
Applied also has agreements with various global banks to facilitate subsidiary banking operations world-wide, including overdraft arrangements, bank guarantees and letters of credit. As of January 27, 2008, Applied Materials, Inc. has provided parent guarantees to banks for approximately $173 million to cover these arrangements.
 
Legal matters
 
 
On March 12, 2002, Linear Technology Corp. (LTC) filed a lawsuit against Applied in the Superior Court of the County of Santa Clara, California, alleging claims for breach of contract, fraud and deceit, negligent misrepresentation, suppression of fact, unfair competition, breach of warranty, express contractual indemnity, implied equitable indemnity and declaratory relief related to LTC’s assertion that Applied is obligated to indemnify and defend LTC for certain claims in an underlying patent infringement lawsuit brought by Texas Instruments, Inc. After the Court dismissed many of its claims, LTC amended its complaint. LTC’s Amended Complaint, as well as its Second, Third and Fourth Amended Complaints, were dismissed by the Court in whole or in part. On July 7, 2004, LTC filed a Fifth Amended Complaint, which the Court dismissed with prejudice on October 5, 2004. On January 11, 2005, LTC filed a notice of appeal of the dismissal of its complaint. On June 19, 2007, the Court of Appeals entered an order that upheld the trial court’s dismissal of LTC’s claims for fraud and deceit, but reversed the trial court’s dismissal of LTC’s remaining claims and remanded the case to the trial court for further proceedings. Applied filed a petition for review by the California Supreme Court of the reversal and remand order of the Court of Appeal. On October 19, 2007, the California Supreme Court denied Applied’s petition for review and returned the case to the Santa Clara Superior Court for further proceedings. Applied and LTC subsequently settled the lawsuit on terms that are not material to Applied, and the Court dismissed the lawsuit in January, 2008.
 
 
On December 24, 2003, Applied filed a lawsuit against Jusung Engineering Co., Ltd. (Jusung Engineering) and Jusung Pacific Co., Ltd. (Jusung Pacific, referred to together with Jusung Engineering as Jusung) in Tao-Yuan District Court in Taiwan, captioned Applied Materials, Inc. v. Jusung Engineering Co., Ltd. The lawsuit alleges that Jusung is infringing a patent related to chemical vapor deposition owned by Applied. In the lawsuit, Applied seeks a provisional injunction prohibiting Jusung from importing, using, manufacturing, servicing or selling in Taiwan certain flat panel display manufacturing equipment. On December 25, 2003, the Tao-Yuan District Court ruled in favor of Applied’s request for a provisional injunction and, on January 14, 2004, the Court issued a provisional injunction order against Jusung Pacific. Jusung Pacific appealed those decisions, and the decisions were affirmed on appeal. On January 30, 2004, Jusung Pacific requested permission to post a counterbond to have the Jusung Pacific injunction lifted. Jusung Pacific’s counterbond request was granted and, on March 30, 2004, the provisional injunction order was lifted. At Applied’s request, on December 11, 2004, the District Court issued a provisional injunction order against Jusung Engineering. Jusung Engineering appealed that order, and the order was affirmed on appeal. Jusung Engineering also requested permission to post a counterbond to have the Jusung Engineering


9


 

injunction lifted. Jusung Engineering’s counterbond request was granted, and, on April 25, 2005, the provisional injunction order against Jusung Engineering was lifted. Applied has appealed both counterbond decisions. On June 30, 2004, Applied filed a “main action” patent infringement complaint against Jusung in the Hsinchu District Court in Taiwan, captioned Applied Materials, Inc. v. Jusung Engineering Co., Ltd. In the lawsuit, Applied seeks damages and a permanent injunction for infringement of the same patent. The decisions regarding the provisional injunction and counterbond have no effect on the main action patent infringement lawsuit filed by Applied. In August 2006, the Hsinchu Court set the litigation fee and the litigation security payment, and the main action is now proceeding on its merits. This same patent is also the subject of an invalidity proceeding filed in the Taiwanese Patent and Trademark Office by Jusung Pacific in June 2004. Applied believes that it has meritorious claims and defenses that it intends to pursue vigorously.
 
On June 13, 2006, Applied filed an action in the Taiwanese Patent and Trademark Office challenging the validity of a patent owned by Jusung Engineering related to the severability of the transfer chamber. On June 20, 2006, Jusung Engineering filed a lawsuit against Applied and Applied’s subsidiary, AKT, in Hsinchu District Court in Taiwan, captioned Jusung Engineering, Co. Ltd. v. AKT America, Inc. (AKT America) and Applied Materials, Inc., alleging infringement of this patent. Jusung Engineering’s lawsuit seeks damages, costs and attorneys’ fees. Applied believes that it has meritorious defenses that it intends to pursue vigorously.
 
On January 31, 2007, Applied received notice that Jusung filed a complaint of private prosecution in the Taipei District Court of Taiwan dated November 10, 2006, entitled Jusung Engineering Co., Ltd. v. M. Splinter, Y. Lin, C. Lai and J. Lin. The complaint alleges that Applied’s outside counsel received from the Court and used a copy of an expert report that Jusung had filed in the ongoing patent infringement lawsuits and that Jusung had intended to remain confidential. Jusung named as defendants Applied’s outside counsel in Taiwan, as well as Michael R. Splinter, Applied’s President and Chief Executive Officer, as the statutory representative of Applied. On April 27, 2007 the Taipei District Court dismissed Jusung’s private prosecution complaint. Jusung filed an appeal of the dismissal to the High Court. The High Court affirmed the District Court’s rejection of the private prosecution complaint on June 25, 2007. After the dismissal of the private prosecution complaint, the matter was transferred to the Taipei District Attorney’s Office, which issued a ruling not to prosecute. This ruling was reviewed by the District Attorney’s review body, which in October 2007 returned the matter to the Taipei District Attorney’s Office for further consideration. Applied believes that it has meritorious defenses that it intends to pursue vigorously.
 
On April 3, 2007, Jusung filed a complaint against AKT America, Inc., and one of its suppliers in Seoul Central District Court in Seoul, Korea, captioned Jusung Engineering, Co. Ltd. v. AKT America, Inc. The complaint alleges infringement of a Jusung patent involving the showerhead assembly of PECVD equipment for LCDs and seeks injunctive relief. On June 9, 2007, AKT America and its supplier filed an invalidation action with the Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO) against the patent asserted by Jusung. On November 30, 2007, the KIPO ruled that the Jusung patent was invalid. On August 13, 2007, Applied filed a complaint against Jusung in the Seoul Central District Court in Seoul, Korea, captioned Applied Materials, Inc. v. Jusung Engineering Ltd. The complaint alleges infringement of an Applied patent involving a substrate support or housing for a substrate supporting pin used in PECVD equipment for LCDs and seeks both monetary damages and injunctive relief. On October 29, 2007, Jusung filed an action with the KIPO seeking to invalidate Applied’s substrate patent. Applied has initiated a confirmation of scope action with the Intellectual Property Tribunal of the KIPO based on the same patent. Applied believes that it has meritorious claims and defenses in these actions that it intends to pursue vigorously.
 
On April 10, 2004, the Taiwan Fair Trade Commission (TFTC) notified AKT America that, pursuant to a complaint filed by Jusung, the TFTC had begun an investigation into whether AKT America had violated the Taiwan Fair Trade Act, and specifically whether AKT America violated the Taiwan Guidelines for the Review of Cases Involving Enterprises Issuing Warning Letters for Infringement on Copyright, Trademark and Patent Rights by allegedly notifying customers about AKT America patent rights and the infringement of those rights by Jusung. On June 15, 2004, the TFTC notified Applied that Applied also was the subject of the investigation. The TFTC subsequently notified Applied and AKT America that there was insufficient evidence to support a claim against either company. Jusung appealed the TFTC’s decision, and the appeals court affirmed the decision of the TFTC. Jusung appealed the appeals court’s affirmation of the decision of the TFTC, and in January 2007, the Taipei High


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Administrative Court dismissed Jusung’s appeal. In February 2007, Jusung appealed the dismissal to the Supreme Administrative Court of Taiwan. Applied believes that Jusung’s complaint is without merit.
 
 
On January 19, 2006, five companies that sell refurbished Applied tools (Silicon Services Consortium Inc., Semiconductor Support Services Co., OEM Surplus, Inc., Precision Technician Inc., and Semiconductor Equipment Specialist, Inc.) filed a lawsuit against Applied in the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas, captioned Silicon Services Consortium, Inc., et al. v. Applied Materials, Inc. The plaintiffs claim that a policy that Applied announced in January 2005 of limiting the sale of certain parts to them constituted an unlawful attempt to monopolize the refurbishment business, an interference with existing contracts, and an interference with prospective business relationships. The suit seeks injunctive relief, damages, costs and attorneys’ fees. After Applied filed a motion to dismiss the original complaint, the plaintiffs filed an amended complaint alleging similar conduct. Applied filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint on April 7, 2006, which the Court denied on February 16, 2007. On January 17, 2007, Applied filed a counterclaim asserting claims for patent infringement, trademark infringement, trademark dilution, unfair competition, and misuse and misappropriation of trade secrets against each of the five plaintiffs/counterdefendants, seeking damages as well as injunctive relief. All claims between Applied and Precision Technician were dismissed in September 2007 pursuant to a settlement, with no payment by either party. The Court began a Markman hearing on October 18, 2007, continued that hearing to December 2007, and directed the parties to participate in mediation in November 2007. In December 2007, Applied reached a settlement with Semiconductor Equipment Specialist of all pending claims between them for an amount that is not material to Applied. The Court has scheduled trial of the remaining claims to commence on November 3, 2008. Applied believes that it has meritorious claims and defenses that it intends to pursue vigorously.
 
From time to time, Applied receives notification from third parties, including customers and suppliers, seeking indemnification, litigation support, payment of money or other actions by Applied in connection with claims made against them. In addition, from time to time, Applied receives notification from third parties claiming that Applied may be or is infringing their intellectual property or other rights. Applied also is subject to various other legal proceedings and claims, both asserted and unasserted, that arise in the ordinary course of business.
 
Although the outcome of the above-described matters or these claims and proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty, Applied does not believe that any of these proceedings or other claims will have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial condition or results of operations.
 
Note 7   Restructuring and Asset Impairments
 
On January 15, 2008, Applied announced a global cost reduction plan (the Plan) that primarily affected its Silicon and Applied Global Services segments and related support organizations. As part of the Plan, Applied will reduce its global workforce through a combination of job elimination and attrition. Applied expects to complete the Plan by the fourth quarter of fiscal 2008. In the first quarter of fiscal 2008, Applied recorded restructuring charges of $38 million, consisting primarily of employee termination costs to reduce its workforce by approximately 500 positions. The affected employees were based in North America, Europe and Asia and represented multiple functions.
 
Changes in restructuring reserves for the Plan for the three months ended January 27, 2008 were as follows:
 
         
    (In thousands)  
 
Provision for restructuring reserves
  $ 38,481  
Consumption of reserves
    (2,158 )
         
Balance, January 27, 2008
  $ 36,323  
         
 
On February 9, 2007, the Board of Directors of Applied approved a plan (the Implant Plan) to cease development of beamline implant products for semiconductor manufacturing and curtail the operations of its Implant group based in Horsham, England. Under the Plan, Applied closed its research and development and manufacturing operations in Horsham in October 2007. The total cost of implementing the Implant Plan is expected


11


 

to be $110 million, and is reported in the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations under cost of products sold and operating expenses (including restructuring and asset impairment charges). The majority of the cash outlays in connection with the Implant Plan occurred in fiscal 2007. The Implant group operated in the Silicon segment and the results of its operations were not material to the segment’s financial position or results of operations.
 
Costs under the Implant Plan in fiscal 2007 consisted primarily of inventory-related charges reported as cost of products sold of $56 million, other operating expenses of $10 million, and restructuring and asset impairment charges of $30 million. Applied recorded restructuring charges of $22 million, consisting primarily of employee termination costs to reduce its workforce by approximately 215 positions. The majority of the affected employees were based in Horsham, England and represented multiple functions. Asset impairment charges included $8 million of fixed asset write-offs.
 
Costs under the Implant Plan for three months ended January 27, 2008 consisted primarily of restructuring charges of $11 million and other operating expenses of $1 million.
 
Changes in restructuring reserves related to the Implant Plan for the three months ended January 27, 2008 were as follows:
 
                         
    Severance     Facilities     Total  
    (In thousands)  
 
Balance, October 28, 2007
  $ 9,739     $ 822     $ 10,561  
Provision for restructuring reserves
    104       10,626       10,730  
Consumption of reserves
    (6,224 )     (496 )     (6,720 )
Foreign currency changes
    (415 )     (35 )     (450 )
                         
Balance, January 27, 2008
  $ 3,204     $ 10,917     $ 14,121  
                         
 
Changes in restructuring reserves for the three months ended January 27, 2008 for facilities realignment programs initiated in prior periods, were as follows:
 
         
    (In thousands)  
 
Balance, October 28, 2007
  $ 12,632  
Consumption of reserves
    (1,495 )
         
Balance, January 27, 2008
  $ 11,137  
         
 
Note 8   Derivative Financial Instruments
 
Applied’s derivative financial instruments, consisting of currency forward exchange and option contracts, are recorded at fair value on the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet, either in other current assets or accounts payable and accrued expenses. Changes in the fair value of derivatives that do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment, as well as the ineffective portion of any hedges, are recognized in the consolidated results of operations. The effective portion of the gain/(loss) is reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income in stockholders’ equity and is reclassified into results of operations when the hedged transaction affects income/(loss). All amounts included in accumulated other comprehensive income as of January 27, 2008 will generally be reclassified into earnings within 12 months. Changes in the fair value of currency forward exchange and option contracts due to changes in time value are excluded from the assessment of effectiveness and are recognized in cost of products sold or expensed. The change in option and forward time value was not material for all periods presented. If the transaction being hedged fails to occur, or if a portion of any derivative is deemed to be ineffective, Applied promptly recognizes the gain/(loss) on the associated financial instrument in general and administrative expenses. The amounts recognized due to the anticipated transactions failing to occur or ineffective hedges were not material for all periods presented.
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income related to derivative activities for the three months ended January 27, 2008, increased by $2 million due to net increase in the intrinsic value of derivative instruments qualifying as cash flow hedges.


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Note 9   Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
Components of comprehensive income, on an after-tax basis where applicable, were as follows:
 
                 
    Three Months Ended  
    January 27,
    January 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (In thousands)  
 
Net income
  $ 262,376     $ 403,476  
Change in unrealized net gain/(loss) on investments
    1,607       (3,385 )
Change in unrealized net gain on derivative instruments qualifying as cash flow hedges
    1,918       1,204  
Foreign currency translation adjustments
    2,386       5,895  
                 
Comprehensive income
  $ 268,287     $ 407,190  
                 
 
Components of accumulated other comprehensive income, on an after-tax basis where applicable, were as follows:
 
                 
    January 27,
    October 28,
 
   
2008
    2007  
    (In thousands)  
 
Unrealized gain on investments
  $ 18,362     $ 16,755  
Unrealized gain/(loss) on derivative instruments qualifying as cash flow hedges
    509       (1,409 )
Pension liability
    (12,232 )     (12,232 )
Retiree medical benefits
    (1,132 )     (1,132 )
Cumulative translation adjustments
    11,757       9,371  
                 
    $ 17,264     $ 11,353  
                 
 
 
Since March 1996, Applied has systematically repurchased shares of its common stock in the open market. In March 2006, the Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program for up to $5.0 billion in repurchases over the next three years ending in March 2009. Pursuant to this authorization, on September 18, 2006, Applied entered into accelerated stock buyback agreements with Goldman, Sachs & Co. (Goldman Sachs), under which Applied agreed to purchase from Goldman Sachs outstanding shares of Applied common stock for an initial purchase price of $2.5 billion. Under the agreements, Applied purchased 145 million shares of Applied common stock on September 18, 2006 at a price per share of $17.20, and Goldman Sachs agreed to purchase an equivalent number of shares in the open market over the following four months. At the end of the four month period, Applied was entitled to or subject to a price adjustment based upon the volume weighted average price of Applied common stock during the purchase period that could be settled, at Applied’s option, in cash or shares of its common stock. On January 24, 2007, Applied settled the price adjustment of $132 million by payment in cash to Goldman Sachs, resulting in an adjusted price per share of $18.08. The repurchase was funded with Applied’s existing cash and investments and reported as treasury stock.
 
On September 15, 2006, the Board of Directors approved a new stock repurchase program for up to $5.0 billion in repurchases over the next three years ending in September 2009 that superseded the previous program, of which authorization for $3.2 billion of repurchases remained as of January 27, 2008. Under this authorization, Applied is continuing a systematic stock repurchase program and also may make supplemental stock repurchases from time to time, depending on market conditions, stock price and other factors.
 
During the three months ended January 27, 2008, Applied repurchased 33,629,000 shares of its common stock at an average price of $17.84 for a total cash outlay of $600 million. There were no common stock repurchases made during the first quarter of fiscal 2007.


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On September 11, 2007, Applied’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend in the amount of $0.06 per share that was paid on December 6, 2007 to stockholders of record as of November 15, 2007. On December 11, 2007, Applied’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend in the amount of $0.06 per share payable on March 6, 2008 to stockholders of record as of February 14, 2008. The declaration of any future cash dividend is at the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend on Applied’s financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, business conditions and other factors.
 
Note 10   Employee Benefit Plans
 
Applied sponsors a number of employee benefit plans, including defined benefit plans of certain foreign subsidiaries. The components of the net periodic pension costs of these defined benefit plans for the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007 were as follows:
 
                 
    Three Months Ended  
    January 27,
    January 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (In thousands)  
 
Service cost
  $ 3,615     $ 3,851  
Interest cost
    3,191       2,602  
Expected return on plan assets
    (2,211 )     (1,425 )
Amortization of transition obligation
    20       16  
Amortization of prior service costs
    (58 )     (30 )
Amortization of net loss
    147       503  
                 
Net periodic pension cost
  $ 4,704     $ 5,517  
                 
 
Note 11   Borrowing Facilities
 
Applied has credit facilities for unsecured borrowings in various currencies of up to $1.1 billion, of which $1.0 billion is comprised of a 5-year revolving credit agreement with a group of banks that is scheduled to expire in January 2012. This agreement provides for borrowings in United States dollars at interest rates keyed to one of the two rates selected by Applied for each advance and includes financial and other covenants with which Applied was in compliance at January 27, 2008. No amounts were outstanding under this agreement at January 27, 2008. Of the remaining credit facilities, $143 million are with Japanese banks at rates indexed to their prime reference rate denominated in Japanese yen. No amounts were outstanding under these credit facilities at January 27, 2008.
 
Note 12   Business Combinations
 
On November 9, 2007, Applied purchased from Edwards Vacuum, Inc. certain assets of its Kachina semiconductor equipment parts cleaning and refurbishment business for $19 million. The acquisition expands Applied’s existing Chamber Performance Services network of facilities that provide customers worldwide with technology and support for maintaining their chamber components. In connection with this acquisition, Applied recorded goodwill of $13 million and an intangible asset of $3 million (customer relationships which will be amortized over 13 years). The acquired business is reported under the Applied Global Services segment.
 
On August 23, 2007, Applied acquired all of the outstanding shares of Switzerland-based HCT Shaping Systems SA (HCT) for $463 million in cash, net of cash acquired. HCT is a leading supplier of precision wafering systems used principally in manufacturing crystalline silicon (c-Si) substrates for the solar industry. In connection with this acquisition, Applied recorded goodwill of $354 million and other intangible assets of $180 million. Of the $180 million of acquired intangible assets, $59 million was assigned to purchased technology (to be amortized over 11 years), $59 million was assigned to customer relationships (to be amortized over 7 years), $47 million was assigned to acquired backlog (to be amortized over 1 year), $8 million was assigned to trademarks and tradenames (to be amortized over 13 years) and $7 million was assigned to covenants not to compete (to be amortized over 3 years). The acquired business is reported under the Energy and Environmental Solutions segment.


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On March 30, 2007, Applied purchased Brooks Software, a division of Brooks Automation, Inc., for $137 million in cash. The acquired business is a leading provider of factory management and control software to the semiconductor and flat panel industries. The products complement Applied’s existing software applications and enable Applied to offer customers a comprehensive computer integrated manufacturing (CIM) solution for optimizing fab operations. Applied recorded an in-process research and development (IPR&D) expense of $5 million, reported as research, development and engineering expense, goodwill of $77 million, and other intangible assets of $47 million. Of the $47 million of acquired intangible assets, $21 million was assigned to purchased technology (to be amortized over 4 to 11 years), $21 million was assigned to maintenance contracts (to be amortized over 7 years), $2 million was assigned to acquired backlog (to be amortized over 1 year), $2 million was assigned to trademarks and tradenames (to be amortized over 7 years) and $1 million was assigned to customer relationships (to be amortized over 4 years). The acquired business is reported under the Applied Global Services segment.
 
The acquired IPR&D expense was determined by identifying research projects for which technological feasibility had not been established and no alternative future use existed. The value of the projects identified as in-process was determined by estimating the future cash flows from the projects once commercially feasible, discounting the net cash flows back to their present value at a rate commensurate with the level of risk and maturity of the projects, and then applying a percentage of completion to the calculated value.
 
For all of the purchase business combinations discussed above, the results of operations prior to the acquisition dates were not material in relation to those of Applied for any of the periods presented herein. Goodwill is not amortized but is reviewed periodically for impairment, and purchased technology is amortized over its useful life of 1 to 15 years.
 
Note 13   Income Taxes
 
Applied’s effective income tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 was 32.6 percent and includes the impact of restructuring charges (See Note 7). Applied’s effective income tax rate was 28.6 percent for the comparable quarter of fiscal 2007 and included benefits of $30 million due primarily to a favorable resolution of audits of prior years’ income tax filings. Applied’s future effective income tax rate depends on various factors, such as tax legislation, the geographic composition of Applied’s pre-tax income, and the tax rate on equity compensation. Management carefully monitors these factors and timely adjusts the interim income tax rate accordingly.
 
In June 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes” (FIN 48). FIN 48 clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes” (SFAS 109). This interpretation prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. FIN 48 also provides guidance on derecognition of tax benefits, classification on the balance sheet, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition. Applied implemented FIN 48 effective October 29, 2007. The implementation of FIN 48 did not result in an increase or decrease in liability for unrecognized tax benefits.
 
Applied has unrecognized tax benefits of $52 million as of October 29, 2007, all of which, if recognized, would result in a reduction of Applied’s effective tax rate. Applied recorded an increase in its unrecognized tax benefits of $1 million as of January 28, 2008.
 
The gross liability for unrecognized tax benefits was $60 million, exclusive of interest and penalties. Interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions were $11 million and are recognized in the provision for income taxes line item of the Consolidated Condensed Statement of Operations. Applied had no tax positions for which it was reasonably possible the liability for unrecognized tax benefits will significantly increase or decrease within the next 12 months.
 
A number of Applied’s tax returns remain subject to examination by taxing authorities. These include United States federal returns for 2005 and after, tax returns in certain states for 2002 and after, and tax returns in certain jurisdictions outside of the United States for 2003 and after.


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Note 14   Industry Segment Operations
 
Applied’s four reportable segments are: Silicon, Applied Global Services, Display, and Energy and Environmental Solutions. Prior to the first quarter of fiscal 2008, the Applied Global Services segment was presented as Fab Solutions and the Energy and Environmental Solutions segment was presented as Adjacent Technologies. Applied’s chief operating decision-maker has been identified as the President and CEO, who reviews operating results to make decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance for the entire Company. Segment information is presented based upon Applied’s management organization structure as of January 27, 2008 and the distinctive nature of each segment. Future changes to this internal financial structure may result in changes to the reportable segments disclosed.
 
Each reportable segment is separately managed and has separate financial results that are reviewed by Applied’s chief operating decision-maker. Each reportable segment contains closely related products that are unique to the particular segment. Segment operating income is determined based upon internal performance measures used by the chief operating decision-maker.
 
Applied derives the segment results from its internal management reporting system. The accounting policies Applied uses to derive reportable segment results are substantially the same as those used for external reporting purposes. Management measures the performance of each reportable segment based upon several metrics, including orders, net sales and operating income. Management uses these results to evaluate the performance of, and to assign resources to, each of the reportable segments. Applied does not allocate to its reportable segments certain operating expenses, which it manages separately at the corporate level. These unallocated costs include equity-based compensation and certain components of variable compensation, corporate marketing and sales, corporate functions (certain management, finance, legal, human resources and RD&E), and unabsorbed information technology and occupancy costs. In addition, Applied does not allocate to its reportable segments restructuring and asset impairment charges and any associated adjustments related to restructuring actions. Segment operating income excludes interest income/expense and other financial charges and income taxes according to how a particular reportable segment’s management is measured. Management does not consider the unallocated costs in measuring the performance of the reportable segments.
 
Effective the first quarter of fiscal 2008, Applied changed the management reporting system for services, with all service results reported in the Applied Global Services segment. Applied has reclassified segment operating results for the three months ended January 28, 2007 to conform to the fiscal 2008 presentation. Future changes to this organizational structure may result in changes to the business segments disclosed.
 
The Silicon segment includes semiconductor capital equipment for etch, rapid thermal processing (RTP), deposition, chemical mechanical planarization (CMP), and metrology and inspection.
 
The Applied Global Services segment includes technically differentiated products to improve the operating efficiency, reduce operating costs and lessen the environmental impact of semiconductor, display and solar customers’ factories, and also comprises spares and remanufactured equipment sales. Customer demand for spare parts and services is fulfilled through a global distribution system with trained service engineers located in close proximity to customer sites.
 
The Display segment encompasses products for manufacturing LCDs for TVs, personal computers and other video-enabled devices. The Display segment also includes design and manufacture of differentiated stand-alone equipment for the Applied SunFabtm Thin Film Line.
 
The Energy and Environmental Solutions segment includes products for fabricating solar photovoltaic cells and modules, high throughput roll-to-roll coating systems for flexible electronics and web products, and energy-efficient glass.


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Information for each reportable segment for the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007 is as follows:
 
                 
          Operating
 
    Net Sales     Income (loss)  
    (In thousands)  
 
2008:
               
Silicon
  $ 1,237,329     $ 444,993  
Applied Global Services
    594,842       148,500  
Display
    133,112       34,268  
Energy and Environmental Solutions
    122,114       (48,053 )
                 
Total Segment
  $ 2,087,397     $ 579,708  
                 
2007:
               
Silicon
  $ 1,490,262     $ 520,153  
Applied Global Services
    559,671       159,370  
Display
    195,511       50,129  
Energy and Environmental Solutions
    31,823       (14,694 )
                 
Total Segment
  $ 2,277,267     $ 714,958  
                 
 
Reconciliations of segment operating results to Applied consolidated totals for the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007 are as follows:
 
                 
    Three Months Ended  
    January 27,
    January 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (In thousands)  
 
Total segment operating income
  $ 579,708     $ 714,958  
Corporate and unallocated costs
    (157,839 )     (168,710 )
Restructuring and asset impairment charges
    (48,986 )     3,278  
                 
Income from operations
  $ 372,883     $ 549,526  
                 
 
Note 15   Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
In December 2007, FASB issued Statement 141 (revised), “Business Combinations” (SFAS 141(R)). The standard changes the accounting for business combinations, including the measurement of acquirer shares issued in consideration for a business combination, the recognition of contingent consideration, the accounting for preacquisition gain and loss contingencies, the recognition of capitalized in-process research and development, the accounting for acquisition-related restructuring cost accruals, the treatment of acquisition related transaction costs, and the recognition of changes in the acquirer’s income tax valuation allowance. SFAS 141(R) will be effective for Applied in fiscal 2010, with early adoption prohibited. Applied is evaluating the potential impact of the implementation of Statement 141(R) on its financial position and results of operations.
 
In December 2007, the FASB issued Statement No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements, an amendment of ARB No. 51” (SFAS 160). The standard changes the accounting for noncontrolling (minority) interests in consolidated financial statements, including the requirements to classify noncontrolling interests as a component of consolidated stockholders’ equity, and the elimination of “minority interest” accounting in results of operations with earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests reported as part of consolidated earnings. Additionally, SFAS 160 revises the accounting for both increases and decreases in a parent’s controlling ownership interest. SFAS 160 will be effective for Applied in fiscal 2010, with early adoption prohibited. Applied is evaluating the potential impact of the implementation of SFAS 160 on its financial position and results of operations.
 
In February 2007, the FASB issued Statement No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities Including an Amendment of FASB Statement No. 115” (SFAS 159), which permits entities to elect to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value that are not currently required to be


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measured at fair value. This election is irrevocable. SFAS No. 159 will be effective for Applied in fiscal 2009. Applied is evaluating the potential impact of the implementation of SFAS No. 159 on its financial position and results of operations.
 
In September 2006, the FASB issued Statement No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (SFAS 157). SFAS 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. In February 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position (FSP) 157-1, “Application of FASB Statement No. 157 to FASB Statement No. 13 and Other Accounting Pronouncements That Address Fair Value Measurements for Purposes of Lease Classification or Measurement under Statement 13” (FSP 157-1) and FSP 157-2, “Effective Date of FASB Statement No. 157” (FSP 157-2). FSP 157-1 amends SFAS No. 157 to remove certain leasing transactions from its scope. FSP 157-2 delays the effective date of SFAS No. 157 for all non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities, except for items that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis (at least annually), until the beginning of Applied’s first quarter of fiscal 2010. The measurement and disclosure requirements related to financial assets and financial liabilities are effective for Applied beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2009. Applied is evaluating the potential impact of the implementation of SFAS 157 on its financial position and results of operations.
 
Note 16   Subsequent Event
 
On January 31, 2008, Applied acquired all of the outstanding shares of Baccini S.p.A. (Baccini), a privately-held company based in Italy, for a purchase price of approximately $224 million in cash, net of cash acquired. Baccini, a leading supplier of automated metallization and test systems for manufacturing crystalline silicon (c-Si) photovoltaic cells, will be reported under the Energy and Environmental Solutions segment.


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Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Certain information contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is forward-looking in nature. All statements in this Quarterly Report, including those made by the management of Applied, other than statements of historical fact, are forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements include statements regarding Applied’s future financial results, operating results, cash flows and cash deployment strategies, business strategies, projected costs, products, competitive positions, management’s plans and objectives for future operations, research and development, acquisitions and joint ventures, growth opportunities, customer contracts, investments and legal proceedings, as well as industry trends. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s estimates, projections and assumptions as of the date hereof and include the assumptions that underlie such statements. Forward-looking statements may contain words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential” and “continue,” the negative of these terms, or other comparable terminology. Any expectations based on these forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and other important factors, including those discussed in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” below and elsewhere in this report. Other risks and uncertainties may be disclosed in Applied’s prior Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings. These and many other factors could affect Applied’s future financial condition and operating results and could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations based on forward-looking statements made in this document or elsewhere by Applied or on its behalf. Applied undertakes no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements.
 
 
Applied provides Nanomanufacturing Technologytm solutions for the global semiconductor, flat panel display, solar and related industries, with a broad portfolio of innovative equipment, service and software products. Applied’s customers include manufacturers of semiconductor chips and wafers, liquid crystal displays (LCDs), solar photovoltaic cells and modules (PVs), flexible electronics and energy-efficient glass. Applied reports four segments: Silicon, Applied Global Services, Display, and Energy and Environmental Solutions. Product development and manufacturing activities occur in North America, Europe, Israel and Asia. Applied’s broad range of equipment and service products are highly technical and are sold primarily through a direct sales force.
 
Applied’s results are driven primarily by worldwide demand for integrated circuits, which in turn depends on end-user demand for electronic products. Applied’s business is subject to cyclical industry conditions, as demand for manufacturing equipment and services can change depending on supply and demand for chips, LCDs, PVs and other electronic devices, as well as other factors, such as global economic conditions and technological advances in fabrication processes.
 
The following table presents certain significant measurements for the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007:
 
                         
    Three Months Ended        
    January 27,
    January 28,
       
    2008     2007     % Change  
    (In millions, except per share
 
    amounts and percentages)  
 
New orders
  $ 2,500     $ 2,538       (2 )%
Net sales
  $ 2,087     $ 2,277       (8 )%
Gross margin
  $ 935     $ 1,063       (12 )%
Gross margin percent
    44.8 %     46.7 %     (2 )%
Net income
  $ 262     $ 403       (35 )%
Earnings per share
  $ 0.19     $ 0.29       (34 )%
 
Financial results for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 reflected slowing worldwide demand for semiconductor equipment and services, while demand for display and solar products increased. Total orders decreased slightly from the first quarter of fiscal 2007, primarily due to the decline in demand for semiconductor manufacturing and service products, partially offset by increased demand for display and solar equipment. Net sales decreased during the first quarter of fiscal 2008 over the first fiscal quarter of 2007, primarily due to a decrease in demand from DRAM and Flash memory chip manufacturers, as well as decreased LCD equipment sales, reflecting lower LCD


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equipment orders in fiscal 2007. Net income declined in the first quarter of fiscal 2008 compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2007 due to lower sales and net interest income, while operating expenses remained flat. First quarter of fiscal 2008 financial results included restructuring charges.
 
Results of Operations
 
Applied received new orders of $2.5 billion for the first quarter of fiscal 2008, an increase from $2.2 billion for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2007 and flat compared to $2.5 billion for the first quarter of fiscal 2007. New orders for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 increased by 13 percent from the preceding quarter and decreased by 2 percent from the first quarter of fiscal 2007. The increase in new orders for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 from the fourth quarter of fiscal 2007 was primarily attributable to a significant increase in demand for LCD equipment and increased demand for solar equipment, offset by lower demand for semiconductor equipment and service products.
 
New orders by geographic region (determined by the location of customers’ facilities) for the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007 were as follows:
 
                                 
    Three Months Ended  
    January 27,
    January 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    ($)     (%)      ($)      (%)  
    (Dollars in millions)  
 
Taiwan
    795       32       605       24  
North America*
    506       20       550       22  
Korea
    362       14       492       19  
Japan
    292       12       300       12  
Europe
    278       11       323       13  
Southeast Asia and China
    267       11       268       10  
                                 
Total
    2,500       100       2,538       100  
                                 
 
 
* Primarily the United States.
 
Applied’s backlog for the most recent three fiscal quarters was as follows: $4.1 billion at January 27, 2008, $3.7 billion at October 28, 2007, and $3.4 billion at July 29, 2007. Backlog consists only of orders for which written authorizations have been accepted, shipment dates within 12 months have been assigned and revenue has not been recognized. Due to the potential for customer changes in delivery schedules or cancellation of orders, Applied’s backlog at any particular time is not necessarily indicative of actual sales for any future periods.
 
Net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 decreased 12 percent to $2.1 billion, from $2.4 billion for the preceding quarter, and decreased 8 percent from $2.3 billion for the first quarter of fiscal 2007. Net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2007 reflected lower sales of semiconductor and LCD equipment, partially offset by higher solar equipment sales and increased fab operations spending.


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Net sales by geographic region (determined by the location of customers’ facilities) for the three months ended January 27, 2008 and January 28, 2007 were as follows:
 
                                 
    Three Months Ended  
    January 27,
    January 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    ($)     (%)      ($)      (%)  
    (Dollars in millions)  
 
Taiwan
    616       30       583       26  
North America*
    488       23       467       21  
Japan
    318       15       261       11  
Southeast Asia and China
    246       12       237       10  
Europe
    216       10       254       11  
Korea
    203       10       475       21  
                                 
Total
    2,087       100       2,277       100  
                                 
 
 
* Primarily the United States.
 
Gross margin percentage was 44.8 percent for the first quarter of fiscal 2008, down from 46.7 percent for the first quarter of fiscal 2007. The decrease in the gross margin percentage for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 from that of the prior year’s period was principally attributable to lower revenues, product mix, incremental charges attributable to acquisitions (consisting of amortization of purchased intangible assets and inventory fair value adjustments on products sold), partially offset by lower material costs. Gross margin during each of the first quarters of fiscal 2008 and 2007 included $6 million of equity-based compensation expense.
 
Operating expenses included expenses related to research, development and engineering (RD&E), marketing and selling (M&S), and general and administrative (G&A). Expenses related to RD&E, M&S and G&A were $513 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2008, compared to $516 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2007. Lower operating expenses in these categories during the first quarter of fiscal 2008 compared to the same period in the prior year were principally attributable to savings from cost control initiatives and lower variable compensation expenses, partially offset by increased operating costs from acquired businesses and higher equity compensation expense.
 
Operating expenses for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 include restructuring charges of $49 million, of which $38 million was associated with a global cost reduction plan and $11 million related to facilities closures associated with ceasing development of beamline implant products and other costs of $1 million associated with ceasing development of beamline implant products. (See Note 7 of Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.)
 
Net interest income was $26 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 and $20 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2007, respectively. Higher net interest income during the first quarter of fiscal 2008 was primarily due to a decrease in interest expense associated with scheduled debt maturities.
 
Applied’s effective income tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 was 32.6 percent and includes the impact of restructuring charges. Applied’s effective income tax rate was 28.6 percent for the comparable quarter of fiscal 2007 and included benefits of $30 million due primarily to a favorable resolution of audits of prior years’ income tax filings. Applied’s future effective income tax rate depends on various factors, such as tax legislation, the geographic composition of Applied’s pre-tax income, and the tax rate on equity compensation. Management carefully monitors these factors and timely adjusts the interim income tax rate accordingly.
 
Segment Information
 
Applied operates in four reportable segments: Silicon, Applied Global Services, Display, and Energy and Environmental Solutions. A description of the products and services, as well as financial data, for each reportable segment can be found in Note 14 of Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements. Applied does not allocate to its reportable segments certain operating expenses, which it manages separately at the corporate level. These unallocated costs include equity-based compensation and certain components of variable compensation,


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corporate marketing and sales, corporate functions (certain management, finance, legal, human resources and RD&E), and unabsorbed information technology and occupancy costs. Effective in the first quarter of fiscal 2008, Applied renamed two of its reportable segments. The Fab Solutions segment has been renamed Applied Global Services, and the Adjacent Technologies segment has been renamed Energy and Environmental Solutions. In addition, Applied changed its management reporting system for services, with all service results reported in the Applied Global Services segment. Applied has reclassified segment operating results for the three months ended January 28, 2007 to conform to the fiscal 2008 presentation. Discussions below include the results of each reportable segment.
 
 
The Silicon segment includes semiconductor capital equipment for etch, rapid thermal processing (RTP), deposition, chemical mechanical planarization (CMP), and metrology and inspection. Development efforts are focused on solving customers’ key technical challenges, including transistor performance and nanoscale patterning, and improving chip manufacturing productivity to reduce costs.
 
                 
    Three Months Ended  
    January 27,
    January 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (In millions)  
 
New orders
  $ 1,075     $ 1,755  
Net sales
  $ 1,237     $ 1,490  
Operating income
  $ 445     $ 520  
 
Silicon new orders decreased 39 percent to $1.1 billion for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 compared to $1.8 billion for the first quarter of fiscal 2007, due to reduced demand for equipment from memory device manufacturers and continued weakness in demand from foundry and logic customers. The decrease in orders was across all products within the segment. New orders were primarily for leading-edge memory applications while orders from foundries remained at low levels due to low fab utilization rates.
 
Net sales decreased 17 percent to $1.2 billion for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 from $1.5 billion for the first quarter of fiscal 2007. The decrease in net sales was due to decreased investment by memory and logic semiconductor customers in multiple areas, including etch, inspection, and front end products.
 
Operating income decreased 14 percent to $445 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 from $520 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2007. The operating income decrease was due to lower revenue levels, offset in part by lower spending attributable to continued focus on cost controls.
 
 
The Applied Global Services segment includes technically differentiated products to improve operating efficiency, reduce operating costs and lessen the environmental impact of semiconductor, display and solar customers’ factories, and includes spares and remanufactured equipment sales. Customer demand for spare parts and services is fulfilled through a global distribution system with trained service engineers located in close proximity to customer sites.
 
                 
    Three Months Ended  
    January 27,
    January 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (In millions)  
 
New orders
  $ 610     $ 718  
Net sales
  $ 595     $ 560  
Operating income
  $ 149     $ 159  
 
New orders decreased 15 percent to $610 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2008, compared to $718 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2007, due to lower orders for spares and remanufactured equipment, partially offset by increased orders for factory automation software.


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Net sales increased 6 percent to $595 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2008, compared to $560 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2007, reflecting increased factory automation software sales and higher sales for remanufactured equipment.
 
Operating income decreased 7 percent to $149 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 from $159 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2007 as a result of product mix, increased operating expenses and acquisition-related charges, offset by higher net sales.
 
Fiscal 2007 new orders, net sales and operating income have increased from the previously reported amounts due to the reclassification of display service products from the Display segment.
 
 
The Display segment encompasses products for manufacturing LCDs for TVs, personal computers and other video-enabled devices. This business is focused on expanding market share by differentiation with larger-scale substrates, entry into new markets, and development of products to enable cost reductions through productivity and uniformity.
 
                 
    Three Months Ended  
    January 27,
    January 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (In millions)  
 
New orders
  $ 555     $ 34  
Net sales
  $ 133     $ 196  
Operating income
  $ 34     $ 50  
 
New orders increased to $555 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2008, compared to $34 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2007. Increased orders reflected a significant increase in investment by LCD customers in response to rising LCD panel demand.
 
Net sales decreased 32 percent to $133 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 from $196 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2007. The decrease in net sales reflected the lower order levels in fiscal 2007.
 
Operating income decreased 32 percent to $34 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 from $50 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2007, due to lower revenue levels and product mix, partially offset by lower costs.
 
Fiscal 2007 new orders, net sales and operating income have decreased from the previously reported amounts due to the reclassification of display service products to the Applied Global Services segment.
 
 
The Energy and Environmental Solutions segment includes products for fabricating solar photovoltaic cells and modules, high throughput roll-to-roll coating systems for flexible electronics and web products, and energy-efficient glass. This business is focused on delivering solutions to generate and conserve energy, with an emphasis on lowering the cost to produce solar power by providing equipment to enhance manufacturing scale and efficiency.
 
                 
    Three Months Ended  
    January 27,
    January 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (In millions)  
 
New orders
  $ 260     $ 31  
Net sales
  $ 122     $ 32  
Operating loss
  $ 48     $ 15  
 
New orders of $260 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 increased from $31 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2007, and included the initial recognition of orders for Applied’s SunFabtm Thin Film Line. The first quarter of fiscal 2008 also included the first full quarter of results for precision wafering systems to manufacture crystalline silicon substrates from the acquisition of HCT Shaping Systems S.A.


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Net sales of $122 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 increased from $32 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2007, due to increased sales across all products.
 
The operating loss of $48 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 increased from $15 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2007, reflecting increased RD&E spending to develop products that enable lower-cost production of solar energy, increased operating costs, amortization of acquisition-related costs, and costs related to expansion of solar marketing efforts, partially offset by higher revenues.
 
 
During the three months ended January 27, 2008, cash, cash equivalents and investments decreased by $363 million, from $3.7 billion as of October 28, 2007.
 
Cash, cash equivalents and investments consisted of the following:
 
                 
    January 27,
    October 28,
 
    2008     2007  
    (In millions)  
 
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 1,216     $ 1,203  
Short-term investments
    690       1,167  
Long-term investments
    1,458       1,362  
                 
Total cash, cash equivalents and investments
  $ 3,364     $ 3,732  
                 
 
Applied generated $390 million of cash from operating activities for the three months ended January 27, 2008. The primary source of operating cash flow for the three months ended January 27, 2008 was net income, adjusted to exclude the effect of non-cash charges including depreciation, amortization, equity-based compensation, and restructuring expenses, which was partially offset by changes in operating assets and liabilities. Days sales outstanding for the first quarter of fiscal 2008 increased to 88 days, compared to 79 days in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2007, primarily due to regional mix. Applied discounted certain letters of credit totaling $15 million for the three months ended January 27, 2008. Discounting of letters of credit depends on many factors, including the willingness of financial institutions to discount the letters of credit and the cost of such arrangements. For further details regarding discounting of letters of credit, see Note 3 of Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
 
Applied generated $290 million of cash from investing activities during the three months ended January 27, 2008. Investing activities included the purchase from Edwards Vacuum, Inc. certain assets of its Kachina semiconductor equipment parts cleaning and refurbishment business for $19 million in cash and capital expenditures of $74 million. Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments, net of purchases of investments, totaled $383 million.
 
Applied used $667 million of cash for financing activities during the three months ended January 27, 2008, consisting primarily of $600 million to repurchase common shares and payment of $83 million in cash dividends to stockholders, partially offset by $16 million received from the issuance of common stock under equity plans.
 
On September 11, 2007, Applied’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend in the amount of $0.06 per share that was paid on December 6, 2007 to stockholders of record as of November 15, 2007. On December 11, 2007, Applied’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend in the amount of $0.06 per share, payable on March 6, 2008, to stockholders of record as of February 14, 2008. Applied currently anticipates that cash dividends will continue to be paid on a quarterly basis, although the declaration of any future cash dividend is at the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend on Applied’s financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, business conditions and other factors, as well as a determination that cash dividends are in the best interests of Applied’s stockholders.
 
Applied has credit facilities for unsecured borrowings in various currencies of up to $1.1 billion, of which $1.0 billion is comprised of a 5-year revolving credit agreement with a group of banks that is scheduled to expire in January 2012. The agreement provides for borrowings at interest rates keyed to one of the two rates selected by Applied for each advance and includes financial and other covenants with which Applied was in compliance at


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January 27, 2008. No amounts were outstanding under this agreement at January 27, 2008 (see Note 11 of Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements).
 
On January 31, 2008, Applied acquired all of the outstanding shares of Baccini S.p.A. (Baccini), a privately-held company based in Italy, for a purchase price of approximately $224 million in cash, net of cash acquired. For additional information regarding this business combination, see Note 16 of Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements.
 
In the ordinary course of business, Applied provides standby letters of credit or other guarantee instruments to certain parties as required for certain transactions initiated by either Applied or its subsidiaries. As of January 27, 2008, the maximum potential amount of future payments that Applied could be required to make under these guarantee arrangements was approximately $208 million. Applied has not recorded any liability in connection with these guarantee arrangements beyond that required to appropriately account for the underlying transaction being guaranteed. Applied does not believe, based on historical experience and information currently available, that it is probable that any amounts will be required to be paid under these guarantee arrangements.
 
Applied expects that changes in its business will affect its working capital components in fiscal 2008, primarily related to its Energy and Environmental Solutions segment. Applied believes that the solar industry is moving to increasingly greater factory output of solar modules, including output on a level sufficient to annually generate electricity on a gigawatt scale. Applied has entered into contracts with multiple customers for its SunFab Thin Film Line, the fulfillment of which will require Applied to invest in inventory and incur related costs.
 
Applied’s investment portfolio consists principally of investment grade municipal bonds, money market mutual funds, U.S. Treasury and agency securities, corporate bonds, and mortgage-backed and asset-backed securities. Applied regularly monitors the credit risk in its investment portfolio and takes appropriate measures to manage such risks prudently in accordance with its investment policies. As a result of recent adverse conditions in the financial markets, the following types of financial instruments may present risks arising from liquidity and/or credit concerns: structured investment vehicles, auction rate securities, sub-prime mortgage-backed securities, and collateralized debt obligations. At January 27, 2008, Applied’s holdings in these categories of investments totaled $45 million, or 1.3% of total cash, cash equivalents and investments, which Applied does not consider to be material. In the event that these categories of investments that are experiencing credit concerns become illiquid, Applied does not believe that this will materially affect the Company’s liquidity or results of operations. In the first quarter of fiscal 2008, as part of its regular investment review process, Applied recorded an insignificant impairment charge associated with its investment portfolio. While Applied cannot predict future market conditions or market liquidity, Applied believes that its investment policies provide an appropriate means to manage the risks in its investment portfolio.
 
Although cash requirements will fluctuate based on the timing and extent of many factors such as those discussed above and in Part II, Item IA, “Risk Factors” below, Applied’s management believes that cash generated from operations, together with the liquidity provided by existing cash balances and borrowing capability, will be sufficient to satisfy Applied’s liquidity requirements for the next 12 months. For further details regarding Applied’s operating, investing and financing activities, see the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows.
 
 
The preparation of consolidated financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make judgments, assumptions and estimates that affect the amounts reported. Certain of these significant accounting policies are considered to be critical accounting policies, as defined below.
 
A critical accounting policy is defined as one that is both material to the presentation of Applied’s consolidated financial statements and requires management to make difficult, subjective or complex judgments that could have a material effect on Applied’s financial condition or results of operations. Specifically, these policies have the following attributes: (1) Applied is required to make assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain at the time of the estimate; and (2) different estimates Applied could reasonably have used, or changes in the estimate that are reasonably likely to occur, would have a material effect on Applied’s financial condition or results of operations.


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Estimates and assumptions about future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty. Applied bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions believed to be applicable and reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates may change as new events occur, as additional information is obtained and as Applied’s operating environment changes. These changes have historically been minor and have been included in the consolidated financial statements as soon as they became known. In addition, management is periodically faced with uncertainties, the outcomes of which are not within its control and will not be known for prolonged periods of time. These uncertainties include those discussed in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors.” Based on a critical assessment of its accounting policies and the underlying judgments and uncertainties affecting the application of those policies, management believes that Applied’s consolidated financial statements are fairly stated in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and provide a meaningful presentation of Applied’s financial condition and results of operations. Management has discussed the development, selection and disclosure of significant estimates with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors.
 
For further information about Applied’s critical accounting policies, see the discussion of critical accounting policies in Applied’s 2007 Form 10-K. Management believes that there has been no significant change during the three months ended January 27, 2008 to the items disclosed as critical accounting policies in Applied’s 2007 Form 10-K.
 
Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
Applied’s investment portfolio includes fixed-income securities with a fair value of approximately $2.1 billion at January 27, 2008. These securities are subject to interest rate risk and will decline in value if interest rates increase. Based on Applied’s investment portfolio at January 27, 2008, an immediate 100 basis point increase in interest rates would result in a decrease in the fair value of the portfolio of approximately $32 million. While an increase in interest rates reduces the fair value of the investment portfolio, Applied will not realize the losses in the consolidated condensed statement of operations unless the individual fixed-income securities are sold prior to recovery or the loss is determined to be other-than-temporary.
 
Certain operations of Applied are conducted in foreign currencies. Applied enters into currency forward exchange and option contracts to hedge a portion of, but not all, existing and anticipated foreign currency denominated transactions expected to occur within 12 months. Gains and losses on these contracts are generally recognized in income at the time that the related transactions being hedged are recognized. Because the effect of movements in currency exchange rates on currency forward exchange and option contracts generally offsets the related effect on the underlying items being hedged, these financial instruments are not expected to subject Applied to risks that would otherwise result from changes in currency exchange rates. Applied does not use derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. Net foreign currency gains and losses were not material for the three months ended January 28, 2007 and January 27, 2008.
 
Item 4.   Controls and Procedures
 
As required by Rule 13a-15(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act), Applied’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, conducted an evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this report, of the effectiveness of Applied’s disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e). Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that Applied’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report in ensuring that information required to be disclosed in our SEC reports is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and (ii) accumulated and communicated to Applied’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
As required by Rule 13a-15(d), Applied’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, also conducted an evaluation of Applied’s internal control over financial reporting to determine whether any changes occurred during the fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, Applied’s internal control over financial reporting. Based on that evaluation, there has been no such change during the fiscal quarter.


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It should be noted that any system of controls, however well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, and not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the system will be met. In addition, the design of any control system is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events.
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.   Legal Proceedings
 
The information set forth above under Note 6 contained in Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements is incorporated here in by reference.
 
Item 1A.   Risk Factors
 
The risk factors set forth below include any material changes to, and supersede the description of, the risk factors disclosed in Item 1A of Applied’s 2007 Form 10-K.
 
 
As a supplier to the global semiconductor, flat panel display, solar and related industries, Applied is subject to business cycles, the timing, length and volatility of which can be difficult to predict and which may vary by reportable segment. The industries have historically been cyclical due to sudden changes in customers’ manufacturing capacity requirements and spending, which depend in part on capacity utilization, demand for customers’ products, and inventory levels relative to demand. The effects on Applied of these changes in demand, including end-customer demand, are occurring more rapidly. These changes have affected the timing and amounts of customers’ purchases and investments in technology, and continue to affect Applied’s orders, net sales, gross margin, contributed profit and results of operations.
 
Applied must effectively manage its resources and production capacity to meet rapidly changing demand in each of the industries it serves. During periods of decreasing demand for Applied’s products, Applied must be able to appropriately align its cost structure with prevailing market conditions, motivate and retain key employees, and effectively manage its supply chain. During periods of increasing demand, Applied must have sufficient manufacturing capacity and inventory to meet customer demand; attract, retain and motivate a sufficient number of qualified individuals; and effectively manage its supply chain. If Applied is not able to timely and appropriately adapt to changes in industry cycles, Applied’s business, financial condition or results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.
 
 
The global industries in which Applied operates are characterized by ongoing changes, including: (1) higher capital requirements for building and operating new semiconductor, LCD and solar photovoltaic cell or module (PV) fabrication plants and the resulting effect on customers’ ability to raise the necessary capital; (2) differing rates of market growth for, and capital investments by, various semiconductor device makers, such as memory (including NAND Flash and DRAM), logic and foundry, as well as LCD and solar manufacturers; (3) industry growth rates; (4) the increasing cost and decreasing affordability of research and development due to many factors, including decreasing linewidths, the increasing number of materials, applications and process steps, and the greater complexity of process development and chip design; (5) the increasing difficulty for customers to move from product design to volume manufacturing; (6) the importance of reducing the cost of system ownership, due in part to the increasing significance of consumer electronics as a driver for semiconductor and LCD demand and the related focus on lower prices; (7) varying levels of business information technology spending; (8) the heightened importance to customers of system reliability and productivity, and the effect on demand for systems as a result of their increasing productivity, device yield and reliability; (9) the growing types and varieties of semiconductors and expanding number of applications across multiple substrate sizes, resulting in customers’ divergent technical demands; (10) demand for shorter cycle times for the development, manufacture and installation of manufacturing equipment; (11) the challenge to semiconductor manufacturers of moving volume manufacturing from one


27


 

technology node to the next smaller technology node, and the resulting impact on the technology transition rate and the rate of investment in capital equipment; (12) price trends for semiconductor devices, LCDs and solar modules; (13) difficulties associated with transitioning to larger substrate sizes; and (14) the increasing importance of the availability of spare parts to assure maximum system uptime. If Applied does not successfully manage the risks resulting from the ongoing changes occurring in the semiconductor and semiconductor-related industries, its business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
 
As Applied operates in a highly competitive environment, its future success depends on many factors, including the effective development, commercialization and customer acceptance of its nanomanufacturing technology equipment, service and related products. In addition, Applied must successfully execute its growth strategy, including enhancing market share in existing markets, expanding into related markets, and cultivating new markets, while constantly improving its operational performance. The development, introduction and support of a broadening set of products in more varied competitive environments have grown increasingly complex and expensive over time. Applied’s success is subject to many risks, including but not limited to its ability to timely, cost-effectively and successfully: (1) improve and/or develop new applications for existing products, adapt similar products for use by customers in different applications and/or markets with varying technical requirements, and develop new products; (2) appropriately price and achieve market acceptance of products; (3) maintain operating flexibility to enable different responses to different markets, customers and applications; (4) appropriately allocate resources, including RD&E funding, among Applied’s products and between the development of new products and the enhancement of existing products; (5) accurately forecast demand and meet production schedules for its products; (6) achieve cost efficiencies across product offerings; (7) increase market share in existing markets, expand its markets and exceed industry growth rates; (8) adapt to technology changes in related markets, such as lithography; (9) adapt to changes in value offered by companies in different parts of the supply chain; (10) qualify products for volume manufacturing with its customers; (11) implement changes in its design engineering methodology, including those that enable reduction of material costs and cycle time, and enable greater commonality of platforms and types of parts used in different systems, and greater effectiveness of product life cycle management; and (12) improve its manufacturing processes. Furthermore, new or improved products may involve higher costs and reduced margins. If Applied does not successfully manage these challenges, its business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
 
As part of its growth strategy, Applied must successfully expand into related or new markets and industries, either with its existing nanomanufacturing technology products or with new products developed internally or obtained through acquisitions. These include the emerging solar market, which Applied entered in 2006 and which is subject to ongoing changes in demand for PV products arising from, among other things, fluctuations in the cost of electric power, availability of government incentives, government energy policies, the performance and reliability of PV technology, technological innovations, evolving industry standards, and the cost and availability of other energy sources. In addition, Applied believes that the solar industry is moving to increasingly greater factory output of PVs, including output on a level sufficient to annually generate electricity on a gigawatt scale. The entry into different markets involves additional challenges, including those arising from: (1) Applied’s ability to anticipate demand and capitalize on opportunities, and avoid or minimize risks; (2) new and more diverse customers and suppliers, including some with limited operating histories, uncertain and/or limited funding, evolving business models and/or locations in regions where Applied does not have existing operations; (3) the adoption of new business models, such as the supply of a suite of Applied and non-Applied equipment sufficient to manufacture PVs; (4) difficulties in production planning, execution, supply chain management and logistics; (5) new materials, processes and technologies; (6) Applied’s ability to meet performance specifications and drive efficiencies and cost reductions; (7) the need to attract, motivate and retain employees with skills and expertise in these new areas; (8) different service requirements; and (9) intellectual property rights of others; (10) Applied’s ability to rapidly expand its operations to meet demand for one or more gigawatt-scale solar factories and the associated effect on


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Applied’s working capital. If Applied does not successfully manage the risks resulting from entry into new markets and industries, its business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
 
In the first quarter of fiscal 2008, approximately 77 percent of Applied’s net sales were to customers in regions outside the United States. A rising percentage of Applied’s business is from customers in Asia. Certain of Applied’s RD&E and/or manufacturing facilities, as well as suppliers to Applied, are also located outside the United States, including in China. The global nature of Applied’s business and operations presents challenges, including but not limited to, those arising from: (1) uncertainties with respect to economic growth rates in various countries; (2) varying regional and geopolitical business conditions and demands; (3) local, regional, national or international regulatory requirements; (4) global trade issues; (5) variations in protection of intellectual property and other legal rights in different countries; (6) positions taken by U.S. governmental agencies regarding possible national commercial and/or security issues posed by international business operations; (7) fluctuating raw material and energy costs; (8) variations in the ability to develop relationships with suppliers and other local businesses; (9) changes in laws and regulations of the United States (including export restrictions) and other countries, as well as their interpretation and application; (10) fluctuations in interest rates and currency exchange rates, including the weakening relative position of the U.S. dollar; (11) the need to provide sufficient levels of technical support in different locations; (12) political instability, natural disasters (such as earthquakes, floods or storms), pandemics, terrorism or acts of war in locations where Applied has operations, suppliers or sales; (13) cultural differences; (14) special customer- or government-supported efforts to promote the development and growth of local competitors; (15) shipping costs and/or delays; (16) adverse conditions in financial markets that may affect the liquidity and or credit of financial instruments in Applied’s investment portfolio; and (17) adverse conditions in credit markets. Many of these challenges are present in China, which is experiencing significant growth of both suppliers and competitors to Applied, and which Applied believes presents a large potential market for its products and opportunity for growth over the long term. In addition, Applied must regularly reassess the size, capability and location of its global infrastructure and make appropriate changes. These challenges may materially and adversely affect Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
 
Applied’s semiconductor and flat panel display customer base historically has been, and is becoming even more, highly concentrated. In addition, certain customers have entered into strategic alliances or industry consortia that have increased the influence of key industry participants in technology decisions made by their partners. In the solar area, while the number of PV manufacturing customers is increasing as the number of market entrants grows, the size of contracts with particular customers is expected to rise substantially as the industry moves to solar module output capability on a level sufficient to annually generate electricity on a gigawatt scale. In this environment, orders from a relatively limited number of manufacturers have accounted for, and are expected to continue to account for, a substantial portion of Applied’s net sales. In addition, the mix and type of customers, and sales to any single customer, may vary significantly from quarter to quarter and from year to year. If customers do not place orders, or they delay or cancel orders, Applied may not be able to replace the business. As Applied’s products are configured to customer specifications, changing, rescheduling or canceling orders may result in significant, non-recoverable costs. Major customers may also seek, and on occasion receive, pricing, payment, intellectual property-related, or other commercial terms that are less favorable to Applied. In addition, certain customers have undergone significant ownership changes and/or have outsourced manufacturing activities, which may result in additional complexities in managing customer relationships and transactions. These factors could have a material, adverse effect on Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
 
Applied has made, and in the future intends to make, acquisitions of, and investments in, companies, technologies or products in existing, related or new markets for Applied. Acquisitions involve numerous risks, including but not limited to: (1) diversion of management’s attention from other operational matters; (2) inability to complete acquisitions as anticipated or at all; (3) inability to realize anticipated benefits; (4) failure to


29


 

commercialize purchased technologies; (5) inability to capitalize on characteristics of new markets that may be significantly different from Applied’s existing markets; (6) exposure to operational risks, rules and regulations to the extent such activities are located in countries where Applied has not historically done business; (7) inability to obtain and protect intellectual property rights in key technologies; (8) ineffectiveness of an acquired company’s internal controls; (9) impairment of acquired intangible assets as a result of technological advancements or worse-than-expected performance of the acquired company or its product offerings; (10) unknown, underestimated and/or undisclosed commitments or liabilities; (11) excess or underutilized facilities; and (12) ineffective integration of operations, technologies, products or employees of the acquired companies. Applied also makes strategic investments in other companies, including companies formed as joint ventures, which may decline in value and/or not meet desired objectives. The success of these investments depends on various factors over which Applied may have limited or no control and, particularly with respect to joint ventures, requires ongoing and effective cooperation with strategic partners. Mergers and acquisitions and strategic investments are inherently subject to significant risks, and the inability to effectively manage these risks could materially and adversely affect Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
 
Applied’s business depends on its ability to supply equipment, services and related products that meet the rapidly changing technical and volume requirements of its customers, which depends in part on the timely delivery of parts, components and subassemblies (collectively, parts) from suppliers. Some key parts may be subject to long lead-times and/or obtainable only from a single supplier or limited group of suppliers, and some sourcing or subassembly is provided by suppliers in developing regions, including China. Significant interruptions of manufacturing operations or the delivery of services as a result of: (1) the failure or inability of suppliers to timely deliver quality parts; (2) volatility in the availability and cost of materials; (3) difficulties or delays in obtaining required import or export approvals; (4) information technology or infrastructure failures; (5) natural disasters (such as earthquakes, floods or storms); or (6) other causes (such as regional economic downturns, pandemics, political instability, terrorism, or acts of war), could result in delayed deliveries, manufacturing inefficiencies, increased costs or order cancellations. Applied’s need to rapidly ramp up its business to meet anticipated accelerating demand for its PV products, in particular, may exacerbate any interruptions in Applied’s manufacturing operations and supply chain and the associated effect on Applied’s working capital. Moreover, if actual demand for Applied’s products is different than expected, Applied may purchase more/fewer parts than necessary or incur costs for canceling, postponing or expediting delivery of parts. Any or all of these factors could materially and adversely affect Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
 
To better align its costs with market conditions, increase its presence in growing markets, improve its tax structure, and enhance productivity and operational efficiency, Applied conducts engineering, software development and other operations in regions outside the United States, particularly India and China, and outsources certain functions to third parties, including companies in the United States, India, China and other countries. Outsourced functions include certain engineering, manufacturing, customer support, software development, information technology support and administrative activities. The expanding role of third party providers has required changes to Applied’s existing operations and the adoption of new procedures and processes for retaining and managing these providers in order to realize the potential productivity and operational efficiencies, assure quality and protect Applied’s intellectual property. In addition, Applied has implemented several key, operational initiatives intended to improve manufacturing efficiency, including integrate-to-order, module-final-test and merge-in-transit programs. Applied also is implementing a multi-year, company-wide program to transform certain business processes, which includes transitioning to a single-vendor, enterprise resource planning (ERP) software system to perform various functions. If Applied does not effectively develop and implement its off-shoring and outsourcing strategies, if required export and other governmental approvals are not timely obtained, if Applied’s third party providers do not perform as anticipated, or if there are delays or difficulties in implementing a new ERP system or enhancing business processes, Applied may not realize anticipated productivity improvements or cost efficiencies, and may


30


 

experience operational difficulties, increased costs, manufacturing interruptions or delays, loss of its intellectual property rights, quality issues, increased product time-to-market and/or inefficient allocation of human resources, any or all of which could materially and adversely affect Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
 
Applied’s success and competitiveness depend in large part on its ability to attract, retain and motivate key employees. Achieving this objective may be difficult due to many factors, including fluctuations in global economic and industry conditions, changes in Applied’s management or leadership, competitors’ hiring practices, and the effectiveness of Applied’s compensation programs, including its equity-based programs. Applied regularly evaluates its overall compensation program and makes adjustments, as appropriate, to enhance its competitiveness. If Applied does not successfully attract, retain and motivate key employees, Applied’s ability to capitalize on its opportunities and its operating results may be materially and adversely affected.
 
 
As a global company, Applied is subject to taxation in the United States and various other countries. Significant judgment is required to determine and estimate worldwide tax liabilities. Applied’s future annual and quarterly tax rates could be affected by numerous factors, including changes in the: (1) applicable tax laws; (2) composition of earnings in countries with differing tax rates; or (3) valuation of Applied’s deferred tax assets and liabilities. In addition, Applied is subject to regular examination of its income tax returns by the Internal Revenue Service and other tax authorities. Applied regularly assesses the likelihood of favorable or unfavorable outcomes resulting from these examinations to determine the adequacy of its provision for income taxes. Although Applied believes its tax estimates are reasonable, there can be no assurance that any final determination will not be materially different from the treatment reflected in Applied’s historical income tax provisions and accruals, which could materially and adversely affect Applied’s results of operations.
 
 
Applied from time to time is, and in the future may be, involved in legal proceedings or claims regarding patent infringement, intellectual property rights, antitrust, environmental regulations, securities, contracts, product performance, product liability, unfair competition, employment and other matters. In addition, Applied on occasion receives notification from customers who believe that Applied owes them indemnification or other obligations related to claims made against customers by third parties. These legal proceedings and claims, whether with or without merit, may be time-consuming and expensive to prosecute or defend and also divert management’s attention and resources. There can be no assurance regarding the outcome of current or future legal proceedings or claims. Applied previously entered into a mutual covenant-not-to-sue arrangement with one of its competitors to decrease the risk of patent infringement lawsuits in the future. There can be no assurance that the intended results of this arrangement will be achieved or that Applied will be able to adequately protect its intellectual property rights with the restrictions associated with such a covenant. In addition, Applied’s success depends in significant part on the protection of its intellectual property and other rights. Infringement of Applied’s rights by a third party, such as the unauthorized manufacture or sale of equipment or spare parts, could result in uncompensated lost market and revenue opportunities for Applied. Applied’s intellectual property rights may not provide significant competitive advantages if they are circumvented, invalidated, rendered obsolete by the rapid pace of technological change, or if Applied does not adequately assert these rights. Furthermore, the laws and practices of other countries, including China, Taiwan and Korea, permit the protection and enforcement of Applied’s rights to varying extents, which may not be sufficient to protect Applied’s rights. If Applied is not able to obtain or enforce intellectual property rights, resolve or settle claims, obtain necessary licenses on commercially reasonable terms, and/or successfully prosecute or defend its position, Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.


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Applied is subject to environmental and safety regulations in connection with its global business operations, including but not limited to: regulations related to the development, manufacture and use of its products; recycling and disposal of materials used in its products; the operation of its facilities; and the use of its real property. The failure or inability to comply with existing or future environmental and safety regulations could result in: (1) significant remediation liabilities; (2) the imposition of fines; (3) the suspension or termination of the development, manufacture, sale or use of certain of its products; (4) limitations on the operation of its facilities or ability to use its real property; and/or (5) a decrease in the value of its real property, each of which could have a material adverse effect on Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
 
Applied is subject to various risks related to: (1) new, different, inconsistent or even conflicting laws, rules and regulations that may be enacted by legislative bodies and/or regulatory agencies in the countries in which Applied operates; (2) disagreements or disputes between national or regional regulatory agencies related to international trade; and (3) the interpretation and application of laws, rules and regulations. If Applied is found by a court or regulatory agency not to be in compliance with applicable laws, rules or regulations, Applied’s business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
 
 
Pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, Applied must include in its Annual Report on Form 10-K a report of management on the effectiveness of Applied’s internal control over financial reporting. Ongoing compliance with this requirement is complex, costly and time-consuming. If: (1) Applied fails to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting; (2) Applied’s management does not timely assess the adequacy of such internal control; or (3) Applied’s independent registered public accounting firm does not timely deliver an unqualified opinion as to the effectiveness of Applied’s internal controls, Applied could be subject to regulatory sanctions and the public’s perception of Applied may decline.
 
Item 2.   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
The following table provides information as of January 27, 2008 with respect to the shares of common stock repurchased by Applied during the first quarter of fiscal 2008:
 
                                 
                Total Number of
    Maximum Dollar
 
                Shares
    Value of
 
    Total
          Purchased as
    Shares that May
 
    Number of
    Average
    Part of Publicly
    Yet be
 
    Shares
    Price Paid
    Announced
    Purchased Under
 
Period
  Purchased     per Share     Program*     the Program*)  
    (Shares in
          (Shares in
    (Dollars in
 
    thousands)           thousands)     millions)  
 
Month #1
                               
(October 29, 2007 to November 25, 2007)
    3,589     $ 18.44       3,589     $ 3,734  
Month #2
                               
(November 26, 2007 to December 23, 2007)
    15,970     $ 18.24       15,970     $ 3,443  
Month #3
                               
(December 24, 2007 to January 27, 2008)
    14,070     $ 17.24       14,070     $ 3,200  
                                 
Total
    33,629     $ 17.84       33,629          
 
 
* On September 15, 2006, the Board of Directors approved a new stock repurchase program for up to $5.0 billion in repurchases over the next three years, ending September 2009.
 
Item 3.   Defaults Upon Senior Securities
 
None.


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Item 4.   Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
 
None.
 
Item 5.   Other Information
 
None.
 
Item 6.   Exhibits
 
Exhibits are numbered in accordance with the Exhibit Table of Item 601 of Regulation S-K:
 
         
Exhibit
   
No
 
Description
 
  10 .55*   Share Purchase Agreement among Applied Materials, Inc. and the Shareholders of Baccini S.p.A. dated November 18, 2007.
  10 .56   Adjustments to Executive Officer Salaries, effective December 17, 2007.
  31 .1   Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  31 .2   Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  32 .1   Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  32 .2   Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
* Certain exhibits and schedules to this agreement, as listed in Sections 1.2 and 1.3 of the agreement, have been omitted. Applied Materials, Inc. hereby undertakes to furnish supplementally copies of any of the omitted exhibits and schedules upon request by the Securities and Exchange Commission.


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Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
 
  By: 
/s/  GEORGE S. DAVIS
George S. Davis
Senior Vice President,
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)
 
March 3, 2008
 
  By: 
/s/  YVONNE WEATHERFORD
Yvonne Weatherford
Corporate Vice President,
Corporate Controller
(Principal Accounting Officer)
 
March 3, 2008

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