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Autodesk 10-Q 2011

Documents found in this filing:

  1. 10-Q
  2. Ex-31.1
  3. Ex-31.2
  4. Ex-32.1
  5. Ex-32.1
Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended July 31, 2011

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from             to            

Commission File Number: 0-14338

 

 

AUTODESK, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   94-2819853

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. employer

Identification No.)

111 McInnis Parkway,

San Rafael, California

  94903
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(415) 507-5000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   x    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ¨    No  x

As of August 26, 2011, registrant had outstanding approximately 228,824,634 million shares of common stock.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

AUTODESK, INC. FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

          Page No.  
   PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION   

Item 1.

   Financial Statements:   
  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
Three and Six Months Ended July 31, 2011 and 2010

     3   
  

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
July 31, 2011 and January 31, 2011

     4   
  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Six Months Ended July 31, 2011 and 2010

     5   
   Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements      6   

Item 2.

   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      28   

Item 3.

   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      43   

Item 4.

   Controls and Procedures      43   
   PART II. OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1.

   Legal Proceedings      44   

Item 1A.

   Risk Factors      44   

Item 2.

   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      53   

Item 3.

   Defaults Upon Senior Securities      53   

Item 4.

   Removed and Reserved      53   

Item 5.

   Other Information      53   

Item 6.

   Exhibits      54   
   Signatures      55   

 

2


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

AUTODESK, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In millions, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
July 31,
    Six Months Ended
July 31,
 
     2011     2010     2011     2010  

Net revenue:

        

License and other

   $ 333.0      $ 280.7      $ 656.0      $ 560.5   

Maintenance

     213.3        192.1        418.6        386.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net revenue

     546.3        472.8        1,074.6        947.4   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cost of revenue:

        

Cost of license and other revenue

     45.7        40.5        88.3        81.7   

Cost of maintenance revenue

     11.7        7.9        23.7        18.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cost of revenue

     57.4        48.4        112.0        99.7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     488.9        424.4        962.6        847.7   

Operating expenses:

        

Marketing and sales

     201.0        177.5        402.9        364.0   

Research and development

     139.2        119.3        275.8        246.5   

General and administrative

     55.0        45.9        111.6        97.6   

Restructuring

     (1.3     1.9        (1.3     9.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     393.9        344.6        789.0        717.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income from operations

     95.0        79.8        173.6        130.6   

Interest and other income (expense), net

     (0.8     0.1        5.1        (3.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     94.2        79.9        178.7        127.3   

Provision for income taxes

     (23.0     (20.0     (38.2     (30.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 71.2      $ 59.9      $ 140.5      $ 96.8   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic net income per share

   $ 0.31      $ 0.26      $ 0.61      $ 0.42   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted net income per share

   $ 0.30      $ 0.25      $ 0.59      $ 0.41   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Shares used in computing basic net income per share

     229.4        228.0        228.8        228.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Shares used in computing diluted net income per share

     236.6        233.8        236.9        234.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

AUTODESK, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In millions)

(Unaudited)

 

     July 31,
2011
     January 31,
2011
 
ASSETS      

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 1,131.5       $ 1,075.1   

Marketable securities

     241.8         199.2   

Accounts receivable, net

     297.0         318.4   

Deferred income taxes

     35.3         56.8   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     73.2         64.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current assets

     1,778.8         1,714.3   

Marketable securities

     179.2         192.6   

Computer equipment, software, furniture and leasehold improvements, net

     105.2         84.5   

Purchased technologies, net

     69.4         57.2   

Goodwill

     607.4         554.1   

Deferred income taxes, net

     118.8         90.7   

Other assets

     114.9         94.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 2,973.7       $ 2,787.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY      

Current liabilities:

     

Accounts payable

   $ 89.8       $ 76.8   

Accrued compensation

     121.5         193.1   

Accrued income taxes

     15.3         28.6   

Deferred revenue

     525.3         496.2   

Other accrued liabilities

     75.2         75.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     827.1         869.8   

Deferred revenue

     117.1         91.7   

Long term income taxes payable

     157.4         139.1   

Other liabilities

     83.0         77.7   

Commitments and contingencies

     

Stockholders’ equity:

     

Preferred stock

     —           —     

Common stock and additional paid-in capital

     1,356.5         1,267.2   

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

     14.3         (0.6

Retained earnings

     418.3         342.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     1,789.1         1,609.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 2,973.7       $ 2,787.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

AUTODESK, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In millions)

(Unaudited)

 

     Six Months Ended
July 31,
 
     2011     2010  

Operating activities:

    

Net income

   $ 140.5      $ 96.8   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     54.2        53.0   

Stock-based compensation expense

     53.2        45.3   

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

     (13.5     —     

Restructuring charges, net

     (1.3     9.0   

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of business combinations

     27.5        46.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     260.6        250.6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investing activities:

    

Purchases of marketable securities

     (307.8     (318.7

Sales of marketable securities

     61.6        52.8   

Maturities of marketable securities

     220.7        135.8   

Capital expenditures

     (53.0     (11.1

Business combinations, net of cash acquired

     (81.2     (8.5

Other investing activities

     (15.1     (0.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (174.8     (150.2
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Financing activities:

    

Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs

     129.6        40.1   

Repurchases of common stock

     (169.4     (129.2

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

     13.5        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

     (26.3     (89.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     (3.1     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

     56.4        11.3   

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of fiscal year

     1,075.1        838.7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 1,131.5      $ 850.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

AUTODESK, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Tables in millions, except share and per share data, or as otherwise noted)

 

1. Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of Autodesk, Inc. (“Autodesk” or the “Company”) as of July 31, 2011, and for the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. for interim financial information along with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for annual financial statements. In management’s opinion, Autodesk has made all adjustments (consisting of normal, recurring and non-recurring adjustments) during the quarter that were considered necessary for the fair presentation of the financial position and operating results of the Company. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. In addition, the results of operations for the three and six months ended July 31, 2011 are not necessarily indicative of the results for the entire fiscal year ending January 31, 2012, or for any other period. These unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes, together with management’s discussion and analysis of financial position and results of operations contained in Autodesk’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2011 (the “2011 Form 10-K”) filed on March 18, 2011.

 

2. Recently Issued Accounting Standards

With the exception of those discussed below, there have been no recent changes in accounting pronouncements issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) or adopted by the Company during the six months ended July 31, 2011, that are of significance, or potential significance, to the Company.

Accounting Standards Adopted in the Six Months Ended July 31, 2011

In December 2010, the FASB issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2010-29 regarding Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 805 “Business Combinations.” This ASU updates accounting guidance to clarify that pro forma disclosures should be presented as if a business combination occurred at the beginning of the prior annual period for purposes of preparing both the current reporting period and the prior reporting period pro forma financial information. These disclosures should be accompanied by a narrative description about the nature and amount of material, nonrecurring pro forma adjustments. The new accounting guidance is effective for business combinations consummated in periods beginning after December 15, 2010, and should be applied prospectively as of the date of adoption. Autodesk adopted the new disclosures under ASU 2010-29 effective February 1, 2011. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on its consolidated statements of financial position, results of operations or cash flows. The impact of ASU 2010-29 on Autodesk’s future quarterly disclosures will be dependent on the size of the business combinations that it consummates in future periods.

In December 2010, the FASB issued ASU 2010-28 regarding ASC Topic 350 “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other.” This ASU updates accounting guidance related to the calculation of the carrying amount of a reporting unit when performing the first step of a goodwill impairment test. More specifically, this update requires an entity to use an equity premise when performing the first step of a goodwill impairment test and if a reporting unit has a zero or negative carrying amount, the entity must assess and consider qualitative factors and whether it is more likely than not that a goodwill impairment exists. The new accounting guidance is effective for public entities, for impairment tests performed during entities’ fiscal years (and interim periods within those years) that begin after December 15, 2010. Autodesk adopted the changes under ASU 2010-28 effective February 1, 2011. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on its consolidated statements of financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In January 2010, the FASB issued ASU 2010-06 regarding ASC Topic 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.” This ASU requires additional disclosure regarding significant transfers in and out of Levels 1 and 2 fair value measurements and the reasons for the transfers. In addition, this ASU requires the Company to separately present information about purchases, sales, issuances, and settlements (on a gross basis rather than as one net number) in the reconciliation for fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3). ASU 2010-06 clarifies existing disclosures regarding fair value measurement for each class of assets and liabilities and the valuation techniques and inputs used to measure fair value for recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements that fall in either Level 2 or Level 3. This update also includes conforming amendments to the guidance on employers’ disclosures about postretirement benefit plan asset (Subtopic 715-20). The changes under ASU 2010-06 were effective for Autodesk’s fiscal year beginning February 1, 2010, except for the disclosures about purchases, sales, issuances and settlements in the roll forward of activity in Level 3 fair value measurements, which Autodesk adopted February 1, 2011. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on its consolidated statements of financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

6


Table of Contents

In October 2009, the FASB issued ASU 2009-13 regarding ASC Subtopic 605-25 “Revenue Recognition—Multiple-element Arrangements.” This ASU addresses criteria for separating the consideration in multiple-element arrangements. ASU 2009-13 requires companies to allocate the overall consideration to each deliverable by using a best estimate of the selling price of individual deliverables in the arrangement in the absence of vendor-specific objective evidence or other third-party evidence of the selling price. In October 2009, the FASB also issued ASU 2009-14 regarding ASC Topic 985 “Software: Certain Revenue Arrangements That Include Software Elements.” This ASU modifies the scope of ASC Subtopic 985-605, “Software Revenue Recognition,” to exclude (a) non-software components of tangible products and (b) software components of tangible products that are sold, licensed or leased with tangible products when the software components and non-software components of the tangible product function together to deliver the tangible product’s essential functionality. The changes under ASU 2009-13 and 2009-14 are effective prospectively for revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified in fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010. Autodesk adopted the changes under ASU 2009-13 and 2009-14 effective February 1, 2011. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on its consolidated statements of financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-05 regarding ASC Topic 220 “Comprehensive Income.” This ASU eliminates the option to present components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders’ equity and requires the presentation of the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income, and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. In addition, this ASU requires presentation on the face of the financial statements reclassification adjustments for items that are reclassified from other comprehensive income to net income in the statement(s) where the components of net income and the components of other comprehensive income are presented. This ASU will be effective for Autodesk’s fiscal year beginning February 1, 2012. Autodesk currently believes that this new accounting pronouncement will impact the presentation of other comprehensive income but will not impact its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flow.

In May 2011, FASB issued ASU 2011-04 regarding ASC Topic 820 “Fair Value Measurement.” This ASU updates accounting guidance to clarify how to measure fair value to align the guidance surrounding Fair Value Measurement within GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards. In addition, the ASU updates certain requirements for measuring fair value and for disclosure around fair value measurement. It does not require additional fair value measurements and the ASU was not intended to establish valuation standards or affect valuation practices outside of financial reporting. This ASU will be effective for Autodesk’s fiscal year beginning February 1, 2012. Early adoption is not permitted. Autodesk believes that the adoption of this ASU will not have a material impact on its consolidated statements of financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

3. Concentration of Credit Risk

Autodesk places its cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities in highly liquid instruments with, and in the custody of, diversified financial institutions globally with high credit ratings and limits the amounts invested with any one institution, type of security and issuer. Autodesk’s primary commercial banking relationship is with Citibank and its global affiliates (“Citibank”). Citicorp USA, Inc., an affiliate of Citibank, is one of the lead lenders and agent in the syndicate of Autodesk’s $400.0 million line of credit facility. It is Autodesk’s policy to limit the amounts invested with any one institution by type of security and issuer.

Total sales to the distributor Tech Data Corporation, and its global affiliates (“Tech Data”), accounted for 17% of Autodesk’s total net revenue for both the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, and 15% and 16% of Autodesk’s total net revenue for the three and six months periods ended July 31, 2010, respectively. The majority of the net revenue from sales to Tech Data relates to Autodesk’s Platform Solutions and Emerging Business segment and is for sales made outside of the United States. In addition, Tech Data accounted for 18% and 16% of trade accounts receivable at July 31, 2011 and January 31, 2011, respectively. Autodesk believes its business is not substantially dependent on Tech Data. Autodesk’s customers through Tech Data are the resellers and end users who purchase Autodesk’s software licenses and services. Should any of the agreements between Autodesk and Tech Data be terminated for any reason, Autodesk believes the resellers and end users who currently purchase Autodesk’s products through Tech Data would be able to continue to do so under substantially the same terms from one of the many other distributors of Autodesk without substantial disruption to Autodesk revenue.

 

7


Table of Contents
4. Financial Instruments and Hedging Activities

Financial Instruments

Market values were determined for each individual security in the investment portfolio. The cost and fair value of Autodesk’s financial instruments are as follows:

 

     July 31, 2011      January 31, 2011  
     Amortized Cost      Fair Value      Amortized Cost      Fair Value  

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 1,131.5       $ 1,131.5       $ 1,075.1       $ 1,075.1   

Marketable securities - short-term

     239.5         241.8         197.5         199.2   

Marketable securities - long-term

     177.1         179.2         190.8         192.6   

Convertible debt securities

     14.5         14.5         —           —     

Foreign currency forward and option contracts

     5.3         4.3         3.9         3.9   

Autodesk classifies its marketable securities and financial instruments as either short-term or long-term based on each instrument’s underlying contractual maturity date. Marketable securities and financial instruments with remaining maturities of less than 12 months are classified as short-term and marketable securities and financial instruments with remaining maturities greater than 12 months are classified as long-term. Autodesk may sell certain of its marketable securities and financial instruments prior to their stated maturities for strategic purposes or in anticipation of credit deterioration. The convertible debt securities are issued by privately held companies with both an amortized cost and an estimated fair value of $14.5 million. The convertible debt securities are included in “Other assets” in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Foreign currency forward and options contracts are included in “Prepaid expenses and other current assets” in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Autodesk has marketable securities and financial instruments that are classified as either “available-for-sale securities” or “trading securities.” At July 31, 2011 and January 31, 2011, Autodesk’s short-term investment portfolio included $33.8 million and $31.3 million, respectively, of “trading securities” invested in a defined set of mutual funds directed by the participants in the Company’s Deferred Compensation Plan. At July 31, 2011, these securities had net unrealized gains of $2.1 million and a cost basis of $31.7 million. At January 31, 2011, these securities had net unrealized gains of $1.6 million and a cost basis of $29.7 million (see Note 9, “Deferred Compensation”).

Marketable securities and financial instruments classified as “available-for-sale securities” include the following securities at July 31, 2011 and January 31, 2011:

 

     July 31, 2011  
     Amortized
Cost
     Gross
unrealized
gains
     Gross
unrealized
losses
     Estimated
Fair Value
 

Short-term available-for-sale securities:

           

Commercial paper and corporate securities

   $ 115.6       $ 0.1       $ —         $ 115.7   

U.S. treasury securities

     26.4         —           —           26.4   

Certificates of deposit and time deposits

     5.1         —           —           5.1   

U.S. government agency securities

     53.2         —           —           53.2   

Municipal securities

     7.2         0.1         —           7.3   

Other

     0.3         —           —           0.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 207.8       $ 0.2       $ —         $ 208.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Long-term available-for-sale securities:

           

Corporate debt securities

   $ 138.5       $ 1.7       $ —         $ 140.2   

U.S. government agency securities

     9.6         0.1         —           9.7   

Taxable auction-rate securities

     4.2         —           —           4.2   

Convertible debt securities

     14.5         —           —           14.5   

Municipal securities

     5.8         —           —           5.8   

U.S. treasury securities

     19.0         0.3         —           19.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 191.6       $ 2.1       $ —         $ 193.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents
     January 31, 2011  
     Amortized
Cost
     Gross
unrealized
gains
     Gross
unrealized
losses
    Estimated
Fair Value
 

Short-term available-for-sale securities:

          

Commercial paper and corporate securities

   $ 47.6       $ 0.1       $ —        $ 47.7   

U.S. treasury securities

     26.0         —           —          26.0   

Certificates of deposit and time deposits

     29.0         —           —          29.0   

U.S. government agency securities

     47.2         —           —          47.2   

Sovereign debt

     9.1         —           —          9.1   

Municipal securities

     8.6         —           —          8.6   

Other

     0.3         —           —          0.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 167.8       $ 0.1       $ —        $ 167.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Long-term available-for-sale securities:

          

Corporate debt securities

   $ 152.6       $ 1.5       $ (0.1   $ 154.0   

U.S. government agency securities

     12.7         0.2         —          12.9   

Taxable auction-rate securities

     4.2         —           —          4.2   

Municipal securities

     4.7         —           —          4.7   

U.S. treasury securities

     12.7         0.1         —          12.8   

Sovereign debt

     3.9         0.1         —          4.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 190.8       $ 1.9       $ (0.1   $ 192.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

The sales or redemptions of “available-for-sale securities” resulted in no gross gains or losses during the three and six month periods ended July 31, 2011 and 2010. The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method.

At July 31, 2011 and January 31, 2011, Autodesk owned an auction rate security with an estimated fair value of $4.2 million. Autodesk’s auction rate security is a variable rate debt instrument that has underlying securities with contractual maturities greater than ten years and interest rates that were structured to reset at auction every twenty-eight days. The security, which met Autodesk’s investment guidelines at the time the investment was made, has failed to settle in auction since August 2007 and has earned a premium interest rate since that time. While Autodesk expects to recover substantially all of its current holdings, net of reserves, in the auction rate security, it cannot predict when this will occur or the amount the Company will receive. Due to the lack of liquidity of this investment in an active market, it is included in non-current “marketable securities” on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company will continue on a quarterly basis to evaluate its accounting for this investment.

The following table summarizes the estimated fair value of our “available-for-sale securities” classified by the contractual maturity date of the security:

 

     July 31, 2011  
     Cost      Fair Value  

Due in 1 year

   $ 207.8       $ 208.0   

Due in 1 year through 5 years

     187.4         189.5   

Due in 5 years through 10 years

     —           —     

Due after 10 years

     4.2         4.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 399.4       $ 401.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of July 31, 2011 and January 31, 2011, Autodesk did not have any securities in a continuous unrealized loss position for greater than twelve months.

Derivative Financial Instruments

Under its risk management strategy, Autodesk uses derivative instruments to manage its short-term exposures to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates which exist as part of ongoing business operations. Autodesk’s general practice is to hedge a majority of transaction exposures denominated in euros, Japanese yen, Swiss francs, British pounds and Canadian dollars. These instruments have maturities between one to twelve months in the future. Autodesk does not enter into any transactions for derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

 

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The bank counterparties in all contracts expose Autodesk to credit-related losses in the event of their nonperformance. However, to mitigate that risk, Autodesk only contracts with counterparties who meet the Company’s minimum requirements under its counterparty risk assessment process. Autodesk monitors ratings, credit spreads and potential downgrades on at least a quarterly basis. Based on Autodesk’s on-going assessment of counterparty risk, the Company will adjust its exposure to various counterparties. Autodesk does not have any master netting arrangements in place with collateral features.

Cash Flow Hedges

Autodesk utilizes foreign currency contracts to reduce the exchange rate impact on a portion of the net revenue or operating expense of certain anticipated transactions. These contracts are designated and documented as cash flow hedges. The effectiveness of the cash flow hedge contracts is assessed quarterly using regression analysis as well as other timing and probability criteria. To receive cash flow hedge accounting treatment, all hedging relationships are formally documented at the inception of the hedge and the hedges are expected to be highly effective in offsetting changes to future cash flows on hedged transactions. The gross gains and losses on these hedges are included in “Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)” and are reclassified into earnings at the time the forecasted revenue or expense is recognized. In the event the underlying forecasted transaction does not occur, or it becomes probable that it will not occur, Autodesk reclassifies the gain or loss on the related cash flow hedge from “Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)” to “Interest and other income (expense), net” in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements at that time.

The notional amount of these contracts was $367.7 million at July 31, 2011 and $345.5 million at January 31, 2011. Outstanding contracts are recognized as either assets or liabilities on the balance sheet at fair value. The entire net loss of $0.3 million remaining in “Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)” as of July 31, 2011 is expected to be recognized into earnings within the next twelve months.

Balance Sheet Hedges

In addition to the cash flow hedges described above, Autodesk uses contracts which are not designated as hedging instruments to reduce the exchange rate risk associated primarily with foreign currency denominated receivables and payables. Forward contracts are marked-to-market at the end of each fiscal quarter with gains and losses recognized as “Interest and other income (expense), net.” These derivative instruments do not subject the Company to material balance sheet risk due to exchange rate movements because gains and losses on these derivative instruments are intended to offset the gains or losses resulting from the settlement of the underlying foreign currency denominated receivables and payables. The notional amounts of foreign currency contracts were $57.2 million at July 31, 2011 and $56.1 million at January 31, 2011.

 

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Table of Contents

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments:

The fair value of derivative instruments in Autodesk’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets was as follows as of July 31, 2011 and January 31, 2011:

 

          Fair Value at  
     Balance Sheet Location    July 31,
2011
     January 31,
2011
 

Derivative Assets

        

Foreign currency contracts designated as cash flow hedges

   Prepaid expenses and other
current assets
   $ 6.9       $ 5.1   

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments

        —           —     
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total derivative assets

      $ 6.9       $ 5.1   
     

 

 

    

 

 

 
        

Derivative Liabilities

        

Foreign currency contracts designated as cash flow hedges

   Other accrued liabilities    $ 2.6       $ 1.2   

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments

        —           —     
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total derivative liabilities

      $ 2.6       $ 1.2   
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

The effects of derivatives designated as hedging instruments on Autodesk’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations were as follows for the three and six months ended July 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively (amounts presented include any income tax effects):

 

     Foreign Currency Contracts  
     Three Months Ended July 31,      Six Months Ended July 31,  
     2011     2010      2011     2010  

Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Accumulated OCI on Derivatives (Effective Portion)

   $ 7.0      $ 2.0       $ (2.6   $ 12.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Amount and Location of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into Income (Effective Portion)

         

Net revenue

   $ (3.8   $ 6.1       $ (7.6   $ 9.5   

Operating expenses

     2.5        —           4.4        0.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ (1.3   $ 6.1       $ (3.2   $ 10.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Amount and Location of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivatives (Ineffective Portion and Amount Excluded from Effectiveness Testing)

         

Interest and other income (expense), net

   $ 0.3      $ 0.3       $ —        $ 0.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

The effects of derivatives not designated as hedging instruments on Autodesk’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations were as follows for the three and six months ended July 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively (amounts presented include any income tax effects):

 

     Foreign Currency Contracts  
     Three Months Ended July 31,      Six Months Ended July 31,  
Amount and Location of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivative    2011      2010      2011      2010  

Interest and other income (expense), net

   $ 3.7       $ 1.1       $ 2.0       $ (0.6

 

Note 5. Fair Value Measurements

On a recurring basis, Autodesk measures the fair value of certain financial assets and liabilities, which consist of cash equivalents, marketable securities and financial instruments. Autodesk uses a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: (Level 1) observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; (Level 2) inputs other than the quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly in active markets; and (Level 3) unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data, which require Autodesk to develop its own assumptions. When determining fair value, Autodesk uses observable market data and relies on unobservable inputs only when observable market data is not available. A financial asset or liability’s classification within the hierarchy is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement. There have been no transfers between fair value measurement levels during the six months ended July 31, 2011.

 

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Table of Contents

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

The following table summarizes Autodesk’s investments and financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of July 31, 2011:

 

     Fair Value Measurements at July 31, 2011 Using  
     Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
        
     (Level 1)      (Level 2)      (Level 3)      Total  

Assets

           

Cash equivalents (1):

           

Certificates of deposit and time deposits

   $ 0.1       $ 407.2       $ —         $ 407.3   

Commercial paper

     —           306.2         —           306.2   

Money market funds

     —           168.7         —           168.7   

Marketable securities:

           

Commercial paper and corporate debt securities

     255.9         —           —           255.9   

U.S. government agency securities

     62.9         —           —           62.9   

U.S. treasury securities

     45.7         —           —           45.7   

Certificates of deposit and time deposits

     —           5.1         —           5.1   

Mutual funds

     33.8         —           —           33.8   

Municipal securities

     13.1         —           —           13.1   

Taxable auction-rate securities

     —           —           4.2         4.2   

Other

     0.3         —           —           0.3   

Convertible debt securities (2)

     —           —           14.5         14.5   

Foreign currency derivative contracts (3)

     —           6.9         —           6.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 411.8       $ 894.1       $ 18.7       $ 1,324.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities

           

Foreign currency derivative contracts (4)

   $ —         $ 2.6       $ —         $ 2.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ —         $ 2.6       $ —         $ 2.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Included in “Cash and cash equivalents” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

(2) 

Included in “Other assets” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

(3) 

Included in “Prepaid expenses and other current assets” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

(4) 

Included in “Other accrued liabilities” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

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Table of Contents

The following table summarizes Autodesk’s investments and financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of January 31, 2011:

 

     Fair Value Measurements at January 31, 2011 Using  
     Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
        
     (Level 1)      (Level 2)      (Level 3)      Total  

Assets

           

Cash equivalents (1):

           

Certificates of deposit and time deposits

   $ 97.9       $ 285.4       $ —         $ 383.3   

Commercial paper

     —           331.0         —           331.0   

Money market funds

     —           43.8         —           43.8   

Marketable securities:

           

Commercial paper and corporate debt securities

     191.6         10.0         —           201.6   

U.S. government agency securities

     60.1         —           —           60.1   

U.S. treasury securities

     38.8         —           —           38.8   

Certificates of deposit and time deposits

     25.0         4.0         —           29.0   

Mutual funds

     31.3         —           —           31.3   

Sovereign debt

     —           13.1         —           13.1   

Municipal securities

     13.4         —           —           13.4   

Taxable auction-rate securities

     —           —           4.2         4.2   

Other

     0.3         —           —           0.3   

Foreign currency derivative contracts (2)

     —           5.1         —           5.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 458.4       $ 692.4       $ 4.2       $ 1,155.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities

           

Foreign currency derivative contracts (3)

   $ —         $ 1.2       $ —         $ 1.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ —         $ 1.2       $ —         $ 1.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Included in “Cash and cash equivalents” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

(2) 

Included in “Prepaid expenses and other current assets” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

(3) 

Included in “Other accrued liabilities” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Autodesk’s cash equivalents and marketable securities are primarily classified within Level 1 or Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy. Autodesk’s Level 1 securities are valued primarily using quoted market prices. Level 2 securities are valued primarily using alternative pricing sources and models utilizing market observable inputs with reasonable levels of price transparency. The Company’s investments held in auction rate and convertible debt securities at July 31, 2011 and January 31, 2011 are designated as Level 3 because they are valued using probability weighted discounted cash flow models and some of the inputs to the models are unobservable in the market.

 

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Table of Contents

A reconciliation of the change in Autodesk’s Level 3 items for the six months ended July 31, 2011 was as follows:

 

     Fair Value Measurements Using
Significant Unobservable Inputs
 
     (Level 3)  
     Taxable
Auction-Rate
Securities
     Convertible
Debt
Securities
     Total  

Balance at January 31, 2011

   $ 4.2       $ —         $ 4.2   

Purchases

     —           14.5         14.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at July 31, 2011

   $ 4.2       $ 14.5       $ 18.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

During the six months ended July 31, 2011, there were no transfers in or out, issuances, settlements, sales or realized/unrealized gains (losses) within Level 3 assets.

 

6. Stock-based Compensation Expense

Stock Plans

As of July 31, 2011, Autodesk maintained two active stock plans for the purpose of granting equity awards to employees and to non-employee members of Autodesk’s Board of Directors: the 2008 Employee Stock Plan, as amended and restated (“2008 Plan”), which is available only to employees, and the 2010 Outside Directors’ Option Plan, as amended (“2010 Plan”), which is available only to non-employee directors. The exercise price of all stock options granted under these plans was equal to the fair market value of the stock on the grant date. Additionally, there are seven expired or terminated plans with options outstanding.

The 2008 Plan was approved by Autodesk’s stockholders in November 2007 and was amended in June 2010. As amended, the 2008 Plan reserves 16.0 million shares of Autodesk common stock for issuance and will expire in June 2013. The 2008 Plan permits the grant of stock options, restricted stock units and restricted stock awards; however, no more than 2.5 million of the shares reserved for issuance under the 2008 Plan may be issued pursuant to awards of restricted stock and restricted stock units. Options and restricted stock units granted under the 2008 Plan vest over periods ranging from immediately upon grant to over a four year period and options expire within seven to ten years from the date of grant. At July 31, 2011, 9.8 million shares were available for future issuance under the 2008 Plan of which 1.3 million shares were available for future grants of restricted stock.

The 2010 Plan which was approved by the stockholders in June 2009, became effective March 2010 and will expire in March 2020. The 2010 Plan permits the grant of stock options and restricted stock awards to non-employee members of Autodesk’s Board of Directors. Options and awards granted under the 2010 Plan vest over periods ranging from one year to four years, and options expire within seven years from the date of grant. The 2010 Plan reserves 3.0 million shares of Autodesk common stock. At July 31, 2011, 2.6 million shares were available for future issuance.

The following sections summarize activity under Autodesk’s stock plans.

 

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Table of Contents

Stock Options:

A summary of stock option activity for the six months ended July 31, 2011 is as follows:

 

     Number of
Shares
    Weighted
average
exercise price
per share
 
     (in millions)        

Options outstanding at January 31, 2011

     30.4      $ 28.93   

Granted

     4.9        41.63   

Exercised

     (4.1     25.43   

Cancelled

     (0.5     32.36   
  

 

 

   

Options outstanding at July 31, 2011

     30.7      $ 31.36   
  

 

 

   

Options exercisable at July 31, 2011

     18.6      $ 31.02   
  

 

 

   

Options available for grant at July 31, 2011

     12.4     
  

 

 

   

As of July 31, 2011, total compensation cost of $96.4 million related to non-vested options is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.1 years. The following table summarizes information about the pre-tax intrinsic value of options exercised, and the weighted average grant date fair value per share of options granted, during the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, and 2010.

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
     July 31, 2011      July 31, 2010      July 31, 2011      July 31, 2010  

Pre-tax intrinsic value of options exercised(1)

   $ 13.0       $ 4.5       $ 72.5       $ 16.5   

Weighted average grant date fair value per share of stock options granted(2)

   $ 11.95       $ 8.51       $ 14.26       $ 9.15   

 

(1) 

The intrinsic value of options exercised is calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the option and the market value of the stock on the date of exercise.

(2) 

The weighted average grant date fair value of stock options granted is calculated, as of the stock option grant date, using the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model.

 

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Table of Contents

The following table summarizes information about options outstanding and exercisable at July 31, 2011:

 

    Options Exercisable     Options Outstanding  
    Number of
Shares
(in millions)
    Weighted
average
contractual
life
(in years)
    Weighted
average
exercise
price
    Aggregate
intrinsic
value(1)
(in millions)
    Number of
Shares
(in millions)
    Weighted
average
contractual
life
(in years)
    Weighted
average
exercise
price
    Aggregate
intrinsic
value(1)
(in millions)
 

Range of per-share exercise prices:

               

$0.61 — $17.37

    4.2        $ 12.80          6.3        $ 13.51     

$17.39 — $29.49

    3.2          26.53          6.7          27.67     

$29.50 — $37.16

    4.6          32.95          6.2          32.65     

$37.26 — $41.62

    2.2          38.65          6.3          40.49     

$41.70 — $49.80

    4.4          45.67          5.2          45.43     
 

 

 

         

 

 

       
    18.6        2.5      $ 31.02      $ 125.0        30.7        4.2      $ 31.36      $ 191.1   
 

 

 

         

 

 

       

 

(1) 

Represents the total pre-tax intrinsic value, based on Autodesk’s closing stock price of $34.40 per share as of July 31, 2011, which would have been received by the option holders had all option holders exercised their options as of that date.

These options will expire if not exercised at specific dates ranging through June 2021.

Restricted Stock:

A summary of restricted stock award and restricted stock unit activity for the six months ended July 31, 2011 is as follows:

 

     Unreleased
Restricted
Stock
    Weighted
average grant
date fair value
per share
 
     (in thousands)        

Unreleased restricted stock at January 31, 2011

     1,426.7      $ 30.43   

Awarded

     716.1        42.77   

Released

     (139.7     35.12   

Forfeited

     (46.6     30.84   
  

 

 

   

Unreleased restricted stock at July 31, 2011

     1,956.5      $ 34.60   
  

 

 

   

During the six months ended July 31, 2011, Autodesk granted approximately 700,100 restricted stock units under the 2008 Plan. The restricted stock units vest over periods ranging from immediately upon grant to a pre-determined date that is typically within three years from the date of grant. Restricted stock units are not considered outstanding stock at the time of grant, as the holders of these units are not entitled to any of the rights of a stockholder, including voting rights. The fair value of the restricted stock units is expensed ratably over the vesting period. Autodesk recorded stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock units of $8.3 million and $13.6 million during three and six months ended July 31, 2011, respectively. Autodesk recorded stock-based compensation related to restricted stock units of $2.2 million and $3.9 million, during the three and six months ended July 31, 2010, respectively. As of July 31, 2011, total compensation cost not yet recognized of $37.5 million related to non-vested restricted stock units, is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.4 years. At July 31, 2011, the number of restricted stock units granted but unreleased was 1.9 million.

During the six months ended July 31, 2011, Autodesk granted 16,000 restricted stock awards under the 2010 Plan. Restricted stock awards granted under the 2010 Plan vest on the date of the next annual meeting. Restricted stock awards are considered outstanding at the time of grant, as the stock award holders are entitled to many of the rights of a stockholder, including voting rights. The fair value of the restricted stock awards is expensed ratably over the vesting period. Autodesk recorded stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock awards of $0.2 million and $0.3 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, respectively. Autodesk recorded stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock awards of $0.3 million and $0.4 million during the three and six months ended July 31, 2010, respectively. As of July 31, 2011, total compensation cost not yet recognized of $0.5 million related to non-vested restricted stock awards, is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 0.9 years. At July 31, 2011, the number of restricted stock awards granted but unreleased was 16,000.

 

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Table of Contents

1998 Employee Qualified Stock Purchase Plan (“ESP Plan”)

Under Autodesk’s ESP Plan, which was approved by stockholders in 1998, eligible employees may purchase shares of Autodesk’s common stock at their discretion using up to 15% of their eligible compensation subject to certain limitations, at not less than 85% of fair market value as defined in the ESP Plan. At July 31, 2011, a total of 30.7 million shares were available for future issuance. This amount automatically increases on the first trading day of each fiscal year by an amount equal to the lesser of 10.0 million shares or 2.0% of the total of (1) outstanding shares plus (2) any shares repurchased by Autodesk during the prior fiscal year. Under the ESP Plan, the Company issues shares on the first trading day following March 31 and September 30 of each fiscal year. The ESP Plan expires during fiscal 2018.

Autodesk issued 1.8 million shares and 1.7 million shares under the ESP Plan during the six months ended July 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively, at average prices of $15.28 and $14.65 per share, respectively. The weighted average grant date fair value of awards granted under the ESP Plan during the six months ended July 31, 2011, and 2010, calculated as of the award grant date using the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model, was $8.12 and $6.90 per share, respectively.

Stock-based Compensation Expense

The following table summarizes stock-based compensation expense for the three and six months ended July 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively, as follows:

 

     Three Months
Ended July 31,
2011
    Three Months
Ended July 31,
2010
 

Cost of license and other revenue

   $ 1.0      $ 0.7   

Marketing and sales

     11.3        9.2   

Research and development

     9.8        7.2   

General and administrative

     5.2        3.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense related to stock awards and ESP Plan purchases

     27.3        21.0   

Tax benefit

     (5.8     (5.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense related to stock awards and ESP Plan purchases, net of tax

   $ 21.5      $ 15.7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     Six Months
Ended July 31,
2011
    Six Months
Ended July 31,
2010
 

Cost of license and other revenue

   $ 1.9      $ 1.5   

Marketing and sales

     23.1        19.8   

Research and development

     18.7        15.5   

General and administrative

     9.5        8.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense related to stock awards and ESP Plan purchases

     53.2        45.3   

Tax benefit

     (13.4     (12.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense related to stock awards and ESP Plan purchases, net of tax

   $ 39.8      $ 33.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

Autodesk uses the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model to estimate the fair value of stock-based awards based on the following assumptions:

 

     Three Months
Ended July 31, 2011
  Three Months
Ended July 31, 2010
     Stock Option
Plans
  ESP Plan   Stock Option
Plans
  ESP Plan

Range of expected volatilities

   40 - 42%   34 - 37%   41 - 44%   33 - 45%

Range of expected lives (in years)

   3.6 - 4.6   0.5 - 2.0   2.7 - 3.8   0.5 - 2.0

Expected dividends

   0%   0%   0%   0%

Range of risk-free interest rates

   0.9 - 1.4%   0.2 - 0.8%   1.0 - 1.6%   0.2 - 1.1%

Expected forfeitures

   7.8%   7.8%   10.5%   10.5%
     Six Months
Ended July 31, 2011
  Six Months
Ended July 31, 2010
     Stock Option
Plans
  ESP Plan   Stock Option
Plans
  ESP Plan

Range of expected volatilities

   40 - 43%   34 - 37%   40 - 44%   33 - 45%

Range of expected lives (in years)

   2.6 - 4.6   0.5 - 2.0   2.7 - 3.8   0.5 - 2.0

Expected dividends

   0%   0%   0%   0%

Range of risk-free interest rates

   0.9 - 1.9%   0.2 - 0.8%   1.0 - 1.9%   0.2 - 1.1%

Expected forfeitures

   7.8 - 10.5%   7.8 - 10.5%   10.5 - 13.5%   10.5 - 13.5%

Autodesk estimates expected volatility for stock-based awards based on the average of the following two measures. The first is a measure of historical volatility in the trading market for the Company’s common stock, and the second is the implied volatility of traded forward call options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock.

Autodesk estimates the expected life of stock-based awards using both exercise behavior and post-vesting termination behavior as well as consideration of outstanding options.

Autodesk does not currently pay, and does not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Consequently, an expected dividend yield of zero is used in the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model.

The risk-free interest rate used in the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model for stock-based awards is the historical yield on U.S. Treasury securities with equivalent remaining lives.

Autodesk recognizes expense only for the stock-based awards that are ultimately expected to vest. Therefore, Autodesk has developed an estimate of the number of awards expected to cancel prior to vesting (“forfeiture rate”). The forfeiture rate is estimated based on historical pre-vest cancellation experience and is applied to all stock-based awards. The Company estimates forfeitures at the time of grant and revises those estimates in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.

 

7. Income Taxes

Autodesk’s effective tax rate was 24% and 21% during the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, respectively, compared to 25% and 24% during the three and six months ended July 31, 2010, respectively. Autodesk’s effective tax rate decreased during the three months ended July 31, 2011 as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year primarily due to an increase in tax benefits in fiscal 2012 from foreign earnings taxed at lower rates and a decrease in non-deductible stock-based compensation expense. Excluding the impact of discrete tax items primarily associated with stock-based compensation of $0.9 million expense and $3.7 million benefit in the three and six months ended July 31, 2011 respectively, the effective tax rate for the three and six months ended July 31, 2011 was 23% and was lower than the Federal statutory tax rate of 35%, primarily due to foreign income taxed at lower rates and research and development credits partially offset by the impact of non-deductible stock-based compensation expense.

As of July 31, 2011, the Company had $195.3 million of gross unrecognized tax benefits, excluding interest, of which approximately $181.8 million represents the amount of unrecognized tax benefits that would impact the effective tax rate, if recognized. It is possible that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits will change in the next twelve months; however, an estimate of the range of the possible change cannot be made at this time.

At July 31, 2011, Autodesk had net deferred tax assets of $154.1 million. The Company believes that it will generate sufficient future taxable income in appropriate tax jurisdictions to realize these assets.

 

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8. Business Combinations

During the six months ended July 31, 2011, Autodesk completed the business combinations described below. The results of operations for the following acquisitions are included in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations since their respective acquisition date. Pro forma results of operations have not been presented because the effects of the following acquisitions, individually and in the aggregate, were not material to Autodesk’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Scaleform

On March 1, 2011, Autodesk acquired Scaleform Corporation (“Scaleform”) for total consideration of $36.2 million. Scaleform was a privately held middleware and user interface tools company, whose technology has been licensed in the development of games across all major hardware platforms. Scaleform has been integrated into Autodesk’s Media and Entertainment segment.

Under the acquisition method of accounting, Autodesk allocated the fair value of the total consideration transferred to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values at the date of acquisition. The fair values assigned to the identifiable intangible assets acquired were based on estimates and assumptions determined by management. Autodesk recorded the excess of consideration over the aggregate fair values as goodwill.

The allocation of purchase consideration to assets and liabilities is not yet finalized. The allocation of the purchase price was based upon a preliminary valuation and our estimates and assumptions are subject to change within the measurement period (up to one year from the acquisition date). The primary areas of the preliminary purchase price allocation that are not yet finalized are amounts for income tax assets and liabilities, pending finalization of estimates and assumptions in respect of certain tax aspects of the transaction and residual goodwill. The fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed by major class in the acquisition were recognized as follows:

 

Developed technologies (5 year useful life)

   $ 5.9   

Customer relationships (5 year useful life)

     4.4   

Trade name (5 year useful life)

     1.4   

Patent (10 year useful life)

     3.6   

In-process research and development

     0.6   

Goodwill

     22.6   

Deferred tax liability

     (2.5

Net tangible assets

     0.2   
  

 

 

 
   $ 36.2   
  

 

 

 

The $22.6 million of goodwill, which represents the excess of the consideration over the fair value of the acquired net tangible and intangible assets, is not deductible for income tax purposes.

Blue Ridge Numerics

On March 10, 2011, Autodesk acquired Blue Ridge Numerics, Inc (“Blue Ridge”) for total consideration of $41.2 million. Blue Ridge was a privately held company that designed and sold software that enables mechanical engineers to study fluid flow and thermal performance in virtual prototyping. Blue Ridge has been integrated into Autodesk’s Manufacturing segment.

Under the acquisition method of accounting Autodesk allocated the fair value of the total consideration transferred to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values at the date of acquisition. The fair values assigned to the identifiable intangible assets acquired were based on estimates and assumptions determined by management. Autodesk recorded the excess of consideration over the aggregate fair values as goodwill.

The allocation of purchase consideration to assets and liabilities is not yet finalized. The allocation of the purchase price was based upon a preliminary valuation and our estimates and assumptions are subject to change within the measurement period (up to one year from the acquisition date). The primary areas of the preliminary purchase price allocation that are not yet finalized are amounts for income tax assets and liabilities, pending finalization of estimates and assumptions in respect of certain tax aspects of the transaction and residual goodwill. The fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed by major class in the acquisition were recognized as follows:

 

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Developed technologies (3 year useful life)

   $ 6.0   

Customer relationships (4 year useful life)

     9.2   

Trade name (3 year useful life)

     1.1   

In-process research and development

     0.6   

Goodwill

     22.3   

Deferred revenue

     (1.2

Deferred tax liability

     (3.6

Net tangible assets

     6.8   
  

 

 

 
   $ 41.2   
  

 

 

 

The $22.3 million of goodwill, which represents the excess of the consideration over the fair value of the acquired net tangible and intangible assets, is not deductible for income tax purposes.

 

9. Deferred Compensation

At July 31, 2011, Autodesk had marketable securities totaling $421.0 million, of which $33.8 million related to investments in debt and equity securities that are held in a rabbi trust under non-qualified deferred compensation plans. The total related deferred compensation liability was $33.8 million at July 31, 2011, of which $3.6 million was classified as current and $30.2 million was classified as non-current liabilities. The value of debt and equity securities held in the rabbi trust at January 31, 2011 was $31.3 million. The total related deferred compensation liability at January 31, 2011 was $31.3 million, of which $3.4 million was classified as current and $27.9 million was classified as non-current liabilities. The current and non-current portions of the liability are recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets under “Accrued compensation” and “Other liabilities,” respectively.

 

10. Computer Equipment, Software, Furniture and Leasehold Improvements, Net

Computer equipment, software, furniture, leasehold improvements and the related accumulated depreciation were as follows:

 

     July 31,
2011
    January 31,
2011
 

Computer software, at cost

   $ 131.4      $ 129.4   

Computer hardware, at cost

     145.5        123.7   

Leasehold improvements, land and buildings, at cost

     135.5        121.3   

Furniture and equipment, at cost

     48.0        43.6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     460.4        418.0   

Less: Accumulated depreciation

     (355.2     (333.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Computer software, hardware, leasehold improvements, furniture and equipment, net

   $ 105.2      $ 84.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

11. Other Intangible Assets, Net

Other intangible assets that include purchased technologies, customer relationships, trade names and the related accumulated amortization were as follows:

 

     July 31,
2011
    January 31,
2011
 

Purchased technologies, at cost (1)

   $ 342.0      $ 313.1   

Customer relationships and trade names, at cost

     201.7        179.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     543.7        492.2   

Less: Accumulated amortization

     (407.4     (373.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other intangible assets, net

   $ 136.3      $ 118.8   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Purchased technologies include $1.2 million and zero of in-process research and development technology as of July 31, 2011 and January 31, 2011, respectively. In-process research and development is an indefinite lived asset that is held and tested at least annually for impairment until such time that it becomes fully developed technology. Once completed, the technology is amortized to expense over an applicable useful life.

 

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12. Goodwill

The change in the carrying amount of goodwill during the six months ended July 31, 2011, is as follows:

 

      Platform
Solutions and
Emerging
Business
     Architecture,
Engineering and
Construction
     Manufacturing      Media and
Entertainment
    Total  

Balance as of January 31, 2011

             

Goodwill

   $ 45.3       $ 224.2       $ 279.1       $ 154.7      $ 703.3   

Accumulated impairment losses

     —           —           —           (149.2     (149.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     45.3         224.2         279.1         5.5        554.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Addition arising from Scaleform acquisition

     —           —           —           22.6        22.6   

Addition arising from Blue Ridge Numerics acquisition

     —           —           22.3         —          22.3   

Addition arising from other acquisitions

     3.1         —           2.0         —          5.1   

Effect of foreign currency translation, purchase accounting adjustments and other

     0.9         1.5         0.9         —          3.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance as of July 31, 2011

             

Goodwill

     49.3         225.7         304.3         177.3        756.6   

Accumulated impairment losses

     —           —           —           (149.2     (149.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 49.3       $ 225.7       $ 304.3       $ 28.1      $ 607.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Goodwill consists of the excess of cost over the fair value of net assets acquired in business combinations. Autodesk assigns goodwill to the reportable segment associated with each business combination, and tests goodwill for impairment annually in its fourth fiscal quarter or more often if circumstances indicate a potential impairment. When assessing goodwill for impairment, Autodesk uses discounted cash flow models that include assumptions regarding reportable segments’ projected cash flows (“Income Approach”) and corroborates it with the estimated consideration that the Company would receive if there were to be a sale of the reporting segment (“Market Approach”). Variances in these assumptions could have a significant impact on Autodesk’s conclusion as to whether goodwill is impaired or the amount of any impairment charge. Impairment charges, if any, result from instances where the fair values of net assets associated with goodwill are less than their carrying values. The process of evaluating the potential impairment of goodwill is subjective and requires significant judgment at many points during the analysis. The value of Autodesk’s goodwill could also be impacted by future adverse changes such as: (i) declines in Autodesk’s actual financial results, (ii) a sustained decline in Autodesk’s market capitalization, (iii) significant slowdown in the worldwide economy or the industries Autodesk serves, or (iv) changes in Autodesk’s business strategy or internal financial results forecasts. A hypothetical 10% decrease in the fair value of any of Autodesk’s four reporting units would not have an impact on the carrying value, nor result in an impairment, of goodwill shown on Autodesk’s balance sheet as of July 31, 2011 for the respective reporting units.

 

13. Borrowing Arrangements

During the three months ended July 31, 2011, Autodesk entered into a credit agreement that provides for a $400.0 million unsecured revolving credit facility, with an option to request an increase in the amount of the credit facility by up to an additional $100.0 million. In connection with the execution of the credit agreement, Autodesk terminated the $250.0 million U.S. line of credit facility on May 26, 2011 that would have expired in August 2012. The new credit agreement contains customary covenants that could restrict the imposition of liens on Autodesk’s assets, and restrict the Company’s ability to incur additional indebtedness or make dispositions of assets if Autodesk fails to maintain the financial covenants. At July 31, 2011 and January 31, 2011, Autodesk had no outstanding borrowings on either its prior or current line of credit. The new facility expires in May 2016.

 

14. Restructuring Reserve

During fiscal 2011, fiscal 2010 and fiscal 2009 Autodesk initiated restructuring plans (the “Fiscal 2011 Plan”, the “Fiscal 2010 Plan” and the “Fiscal 2009 Plan”) in order to further reduce operating costs. These restructuring plans resulted in targeted global staff reductions of approximately 200, 430, and 700 positions for fiscal 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively. No leased facilities were consolidated as part of the Fiscal 2011 Plan. The Fiscal 2010 Plan and Fiscal 2009 Plan resulted in the consolidation of 32 and 27 leased facilities, respectively.

In connection with our restructuring plans, we recorded a favorable adjustment for changes in previous estimates during the three and six months ended July 31, 2011.

 

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The following table sets forth the restructuring activities for the six months ended July 31, 2011.

 

     Balance at
January 31, 2011
     Additions      Payments     Adjustments(1)     Balance at
July 31, 2011
 

Fiscal 2011 Plan

            

Employee termination costs

   $ 1.5       $ —         $ (0.8   $ —        $ 0.7   

Fiscal 2010 Plan

            

Lease termination and asset costs

     1.7         —           (1.0     —          0.7   

Fiscal 2009 Plan

            

Lease termination and asset costs

     2.8         —           (0.4     (1.3     1.1   

Other

            

Lease termination costs

     2.6         —           (0.4     (0.3     1.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 8.6       $ —         $ (2.6   $ (1.6   $ 4.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Current portion(2)

   $ 4.8              $ 2.4   

Non-current portion(2)

     3.8                2.0   
  

 

 

           

 

 

 

Total

   $ 8.6              $ 4.4   
  

 

 

           

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Adjustments include the impact of foreign currency translation.

(2) 

The current and non-current portions of the reserve are recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets under “Other accrued liabilities” and “Other liabilities,” respectively.

 

15. Commitments and Contingencies

Guarantees and Indemnifications

In the normal course of business, Autodesk provides indemnifications of varying scopes, including limited product warranties and indemnification of customers against claims of intellectual property infringement made by third parties arising from the use of its products or services. Autodesk accrues for known indemnification issues if a loss is probable and can be reasonably estimated. Historically, costs related to these indemnifications have not been significant, and because potential future costs are highly variable, Autodesk is unable to estimate the maximum potential impact of these indemnifications on its future results of operations.

In connection with the purchase, sale or license of assets or businesses with third parties, Autodesk has entered into or assumed customary indemnification agreements related to the assets or businesses purchased, sold or licensed. Historically, costs related to these indemnifications have not been significant, and because potential future costs are highly variable, Autodesk is unable to estimate the maximum potential impact of these indemnifications on its future results of operations.

As permitted under Delaware law, Autodesk has agreements whereby it indemnifies its officers and directors for certain events or occurrences while the officer or director is, or was, serving at Autodesk’s request in such capacity. The maximum potential amount of future payments Autodesk could be required to make under these indemnification agreements is unlimited; however, Autodesk has directors’ and officers’ liability insurance coverage that is intended to reduce its financial exposure and may enable Autodesk to recover a portion of any future amounts paid. Autodesk believes the estimated fair value of these indemnification agreements in excess of applicable insurance coverage is minimal.

Legal Proceedings

Autodesk is involved in a variety of claims, suits, investigations and proceedings in the normal course of business activities including claims of alleged infringement of intellectual property rights, commercial, employment, piracy prosecution, business practices and other matters. In the Company’s opinion, resolution of pending matters is not expected to have a material adverse impact on its consolidated results of operations, cash flows or its financial position. Given the unpredictable nature of legal proceedings, there is a reasonable possibility that an unfavorable resolution of one or more such proceedings could in the future materially affect the Company’s results of operations, cash flows or financial position in a particular period, however, based on the

 

23


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information known by the Company as of the date of this filing and the rules and regulations applicable to the preparation of the Company’s financial statements, any such amount is either immaterial or it is not possible to provide an estimated amount of any such potential loss.

 

16. Common Stock Repurchase Program

Autodesk has a stock repurchase program that is used largely to help offset the dilution to net income per share caused by the issuance of stock under the Company’s employee stock plans and for such other purposes as may be in the interests of Autodesk and its stockholders, and has the effect of returning excess cash generated from the Company’s business to stockholders. During the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, Autodesk repurchased and retired 2.5 million and 4.2 million shares at an average repurchase price of $40.33 per share and $40.26 per share, respectively. Common stock and additional paid-in capital and retained earnings were reduced by $65.0 million and $35.8 million, respectively, during the three months ended July 31, 2011, as a result of the stock repurchases. Common stock and additional paid-in capital and retained earnings were reduced by $104.5 million and $64.9 million, respectively, during the six months ended July 31, 2011.

At July 31, 2011, 20.2 million shares remained available for repurchase under repurchase plans approved by the Board of Directors. During the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, Autodesk repurchased its common stock through open market purchases. The number of shares acquired and the timing of the purchases are based on several factors, including general market conditions, the number of employee stock option exercises, stock issuance, the trading price of Autodesk common stock, cash on hand and available in the United States, and company defined trading windows.

 

17. Comprehensive Income

The components of other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes, were as follows:

 

     Three Months
Ended July 31,
    Six Months
Ended July 31,
 
     2011      2010     2011      2010  

Net income

   $ 71.2       $ 59.9      $ 140.5       $ 96.8   

Other comprehensive income

          

Net gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net of taxes

     8.3         (4.1     0.5         3.0   

Change in net unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities, net of tax

     0.3         1.2        1.0         0.9   

Net change in cumulative foreign currency translation gain (loss)

     0.9         1.1        13.4         (3.3
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

     9.5         (1.8     14.9         0.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

   $ 80.7       $ 58.1      $ 155.4       $ 97.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes, was comprised of the following at July 31, 2011 and January 31, 2011:

 

     July 31,
2011
    January 31,
2011
 

Net loss on derivative instruments

   $ (0.3   $ (0.8

Net unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities

     3.4        2.4   

Unfunded portion of pension plans

     (9.8     (9.8

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     21.0        7.6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

   $ 14.3      $ (0.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents
18. Net Income Per Share

Basic net income per share is computed using the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period, including restricted stock awards and excluding stock options and restricted stock units. Diluted net income per share is based upon the weighted average shares of common stock outstanding for the period and potentially dilutive common shares, including the effect of stock options and restricted stock units under the treasury stock method. The following table sets forth the computation of the numerators and denominators used in the basic and diluted net income per share amounts:

 

     Three Months Ended
July 31,
     Six months ended
July 31,
 
     2011      2010      2011      2010  

Numerator:

           

Net income

   $ 71.2       $ 59.9       $ 140.5       $ 96.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator:

           

Denominator for basic net income per share—weighted average shares

     229.4         228.0         228.8         228.5   

Effect of dilutive securities

     7.2         5.8         8.1         6.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator for dilutive net income per share

     236.6         233.8         236.9         234.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic net income per share

   $ 0.31       $ 0.26       $ 0.61       $ 0.42   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted net income per share

   $ 0.30       $ 0.25       $ 0.59       $ 0.41   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The computation of diluted net income per share does not include shares that are anti-dilutive under the treasury stock method because their exercise prices are higher than the average market value of Autodesk’s stock during the period. For the three months ended July 31, 2011 and 2010, 10.0 million and 22.8 million potentially anti-dilutive shares, respectively, were excluded from the computation of net income per share. For the six months ended July 31, 2011 and 2010, 8.6 million and 21.1 million potentially anti-dilutive shares, respectively, were excluded from the computation of net income per share.

 

19. Segments

Autodesk reports segment information based on the “management” approach. The management approach designates the internal reporting used by management for making decisions and assessing performance as the source of the Company’s reportable segments. Autodesk has four reportable segments: Platform Solutions and Emerging Business (“PSEB”), Architecture, Engineering and Construction (“AEC”), Manufacturing (“MFG”) and Media and Entertainment (“M&E”). Autodesk has no material inter-segment revenue.

The PSEB, AEC and MFG segments derive revenue from the sale of licenses for software products and services to customers who design, build, manage or own building, manufacturing and infrastructure projects. Our M&E segment derives revenue from the sale of products to creative professionals, post-production facilities and broadcasters for a variety of applications, including feature films, television programs, commercials, music and corporate videos, interactive game production, web design and interactive web streaming.

PSEB includes Autodesk’s design product, AutoCAD. Autodesk’s AutoCAD product is a platform product that underpins the Company’s design product offerings for the industries it serves. For example, AEC and MFG offer tailored versions of AutoCAD software for the industries they serve. Autodesk’s AutoCAD product also provides a platform for Autodesk’s developer partners to build custom solutions for a range of diverse design-oriented markets. PSEB’s revenue primarily includes revenue from sales of licenses of Autodesk’s design products, AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT, as well as the Autodesk Design Suite and many other design products.

AEC software products help to improve the way building, civil infrastructure, process plant and construction projects are designed, built and managed. A broad portfolio of solutions enables greater efficiency, accuracy and sustainability across the entire project lifecycle. Autodesk AEC solutions include advanced technology for building information modeling (“BIM”), AutoCAD-based design and documentation productivity software, sustainable design analysis applications, and collaborative project management solutions. BIM, an integrated process for building and infrastructure design, analysis, documentation and construction, uses consistent, coordination information to improve communication and collaboration between the extended project team. AEC provides a comprehensive portfolio of BIM solutions that help customers deliver projects faster and more economically, while minimizing environmental impact. AEC’s revenue primarily includes revenue from the sales of licenses of Autodesk Revit family suites, AutoCAD Civil 3D, AutoCAD Architecture and AutoCAD Map 3D products.

 

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MFG provides the manufacturers in automotive and transportation, industrial machinery, consumer products and building products with comprehensive digital prototyping solutions that bring together design data from all phases of the product development process to develop a single digital model created in Autodesk Inventor software. Autodesk’s solutions for digital prototyping enable a broad group of manufacturers to realize benefits with minimal disruption to existing workflows. MFG’s revenue primarily includes revenue from the sales of licenses of Autodesk Inventor family suites, AutoCAD Mechanical and Autodesk Moldflow products.

M&E is comprised of two product groups: Animation, including design visualization, and Creative Finishing. Animation products, such as Autodesk 3ds Max, Autodesk Maya and the Autodesk Entertainment Creation Suite, provide tools for digital sculpting, modeling, animation, effects, rendering and compositing, for design visualization, visual effects and games production. Creative Finishing products provide editing, finishing and visual effects design and color grading.

All of Autodesk’s reportable segments distribute their respective products primarily through authorized resellers and distributors and, to a lesser extent, through direct sales to end-users. The accounting policies of the reportable segments are the same as those described in Note 1, “Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” of our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Autodesk evaluates each segment’s performance on the basis of gross profit. Autodesk currently does not separately accumulate and report asset information by segment, except for goodwill, which is disclosed in Note 12, “Goodwill.”

Information concerning the operations of Autodesk’s reportable segments is as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
July 31,
    Six Months Ended
July 31,
 
     2011     2010     2011     2010  

Net revenue:

        

Platform Solutions and Emerging Business

   $ 198.5      $ 177.5      $ 409.0      $ 361.3   

Architecture, Engineering and Construction

     157.9        133.1        299.3        269.9   

Manufacturing

     135.8        112.7        259.0        220.6   

Media and Entertainment

     54.1        49.5        107.3        95.6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 546.3      $ 472.8      $ 1,074.6      $ 947.4   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit:

        

Platform Solutions and Emerging Business

   $ 187.2      $ 168.0      $ 385.8      $ 341.5   

Architecture, Engineering and Construction

     143.3        121.6        271.3        244.3   

Manufacturing

     124.4        105.1        237.6        205.0   

Media and Entertainment

     43.5        38.0        86.4        73.7   

Unallocated (1)

     (9.5     (8.3     (18.5     (16.8
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 488.9      $ 424.4      $ 962.6      $ 847.7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Unallocated amounts primarily relate to corporate expenses and other costs and expenses that are managed outside the reportable segments, including stock-based compensation expense.

 

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Information regarding Autodesk’s operations by geographic area is as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
July 31,
     Six Months Ended
July 31,
 
     2011      2010      2011      2010  

Net revenue:

           

Americas

           

U.S.

   $ 151.4       $ 136.1       $ 294.9       $ 266.6   

Other Americas

     39.7         32.3         77.6         63.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Americas

     191.1         168.4         372.5         329.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Europe, Middle East and Africa

     211.9         188.8         426.9         387.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Asia Pacific

           

Japan

     58.2         46.6         118.9         100.2   

Other Asia Pacific

     85.1         69.0         156.3         130.2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Asia Pacific

     143.3         115.6         275.2         230.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total net revenue

   $ 546.3       $ 472.8       $ 1,074.6       $ 947.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

20. Subsequent Events

On August 1, 2011, Autodesk acquired Instructables Corporation (“Instructables”) for approximately $32.0 million. Instructables was a privately held web-based company specializing in user-created and uploaded instructions for do-it-yourself projects, which other users can comment on and rate for quality. Instructables will be integrated into Autodesk’s PSEB segment.

On August 24, 2011, Autodesk entered into a purchase agreement with TurboSquid Corporation to acquire certain technology related assets for $26.0 million and in addition entered into related commercial arrangements.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The discussion in our MD&A contains trend analyses and other forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Forward-looking statements are any statements that look to future events and consist of, among other things, our business strategies, the statements in “Strategy” below, anticipated future net revenue, future operating margin and other future financial results (by product and geography) and operating expenses, the effect of unemployment and availability of credit, the effects of the recent U.S. debt downgrade and weak global economic conditions, our backlog, expected trends in certain financial metrics, the impact of acquisitions and investment activities, the effect of fluctuations in exchange rates and our hedging activities on our financial results, the impact of natural disasters on our operations and financial results, our ability to successfully expand adoption of our products, and our ability to successfully increase sales of product suites as part of our overall sales strategy. In addition, forward-looking statements also consist of statements involving expectations regarding product acceptance, continuation of our stock repurchase program, statements regarding our liquidity and short-term and long-term cash requirements, as well as, statements involving trend analyses and statements including such words as “may,” “believe,” “could,” “anticipate,” “would,” “might,” “plan,” “expect,” and similar expressions or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Form 10-Q and are subject to business and economic risks. As such, our actual results could differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements as a result of the factors set forth below in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” and in our other reports filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. We assume no obligation to update the forward-looking statements to reflect events that occur or circumstances that exist after the date on which they were made.

Note: A glossary of terms used in this Form 10-Q appears at the end of this Item 2.

Strategy

Autodesk’s vision is to help people imagine, design and create a better world. We do this by developing software for the world’s designers, architects, engineers, and digital artists—the people who create products, buildings, infrastructure, films, and games. Autodesk serves customers in three primary markets: architecture, engineering and construction; manufacturing; and digital media and entertainment.

Our goal is to provide our customers with the world’s most valuable, innovative, and engaging software and services. Our product and services portfolio allows our customers to digitally visualize, simulate, and analyze their projects, helping them to better understand the consequences of their design decisions; save time, money, and resources; and become more innovative.

Today, complex challenges such as globalization, urbanization and sustainable design are driving our customers to new levels of performance and competitiveness, and we are committed to helping them address those challenges and take advantage of new opportunities. To achieve these goals, we are capitalizing on two of our strongest competitive advantages: our ability to bring advanced technology to mainstream markets, and the breadth and depth of our product portfolio.

By innovating in existing technology categories, we bring powerful new design capabilities to volume markets. Our products are designed to be easy-to-learn and use, and to provide customers with a low cost of deployment, a low total cost of ownership, and a rapid return on investment. In addition, our software architecture allows for extensibility and integration with other products. The breadth of our technology and product line gives us a unique competitive advantage because it allows our customers to address a wide variety of problems in ways that transcend industry and disciplinary boundaries. This is particularly important in helping our customers address the complex challenges mentioned above. We also believe that our technological leadership and global brand recognition have positioned us well for long-term growth and industry leadership.

In addition to the competitive advantages afforded by our technology, our large global network of distributors, resellers, third-party developers, customers, educational institutions, faculty and students is a key competitive advantage. This network of relationships provides us with a broad and deep reach into volume markets around the world. Our distributor and reseller network is extensive and provides our customers with the resources to purchase, deploy, learn and support our products quickly and easily. We have a significant number of registered third-party developers who create products that work well with Autodesk products and extend them for a variety of specialized applications. Users with expertise in our products are broadly and globally available from educational institutions and the existing workforce. We offer a wide range of educational programs, including student versions of software, curricula and faculty development. We have an extensive global community of students who are experienced with our software and poised to become the next generation of professional users—thus reducing the cost of training and providing new talent for our customers. Our global network of distributors, resellers, third party developers, customers, educational institutions and students has been developed over our twenty-nine year history. We believe it is an enduring competitive advantage that is difficult for others to replicate.

 

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Our growth strategy includes continually increasing the business value of our design tools to our customers in a number of ways. First, we seek to address an increasing portion of our customers’ workflow with products that extend the value of our customers’ digital design information into visualization, analysis and simulation. Second, we seek to improve our product interoperability and usability, thus improving our customers’ productivity and effectiveness. Third, we continue to develop new ways to deliver capability and value to our customers, such as product suites, software-as-a-service, and delivery of our solutions on mobile devices and new hardware platforms. Fourth, we extend our customers’ workflow with products for adjacent users and for the “customers of our customers,” thus increasing the value of the design information our customers produce. Finally, we continue to develop new lines of consumer products and services that are delivered and experienced through the Web, tablets, and mobile devices providing our advanced visualization technologies to consumers—a whole new category of Autodesk customer.

We believe that expanding our customers’ portfolios to include our suites presents a meaningful growth opportunity and is an important part of our overall strategy. As our customers in all industries adopt our design suites, we believe they will experience an increase in their productivity and the value of their design data. For the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, revenue from suites increased 45% and 31%, respectively, as compared to the same periods in the prior fiscal year. As a percentage of total net revenue suites revenue increased to 29% and 26% in the three and six months ended July 31, 2011 as compared to 23% in both of the three and six months ended July 31, 2010.

Expanding our geographic coverage is another key element of our growth strategy. While emerging markets are important for many global businesses, we believe they hold special opportunity for us. Much of the growth in the world’s construction and manufacturing is happening in emerging markets. Further, emerging markets face many of the challenges that our design technology can help address, for example infrastructure build-out. We believe that emerging economies continue to present long-term growth opportunities for us. Revenue from emerging countries increased 23% and 18% during the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, respectively, as compared to the same periods in the prior fiscal year. Revenue from emerging countries represented 16% and 15% of total net revenue during the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, respectively, as compared to 15% in each of the three and six months ended July 31, 2010.

While we believe there are long-term growth opportunities in emerging economies, conducting business in these countries presents significant challenges, including economic volatility, geopolitical risk, local competition, intellectual property protection, poorly developed business infrastructure, scarcity of talent and software piracy.

Our strategy includes improving our product functionality and expanding our product offerings through internal development as well as through the acquisition of products, technology and businesses. Acquisitions often increase the speed at which we can deliver product functionality to our customers; however, they entail cost and integration challenges and may, in certain instances, negatively impact our operating margins. We continually review these trade-offs in making decisions regarding acquisitions. We currently anticipate that we will acquire products, technology and businesses as compelling opportunities that promote our strategy become available. We have increased the number, pace and dollars spent on acquisitions in comparison to fiscal 2011 but remain informed by and dependent on our business needs, the availability of suitable sellers and technology and our own financial condition.

Our strategy depends upon a number of assumptions, including that we will be able to continue making our technology available to mainstream markets; leverage our large global network of distributors, resellers, third-party developers, customers, educational institutions, and students; drive adoption of our suites; improve the performance and functionality of our products; and adequately protect our intellectual property. If the outcome of any of these assumptions differs from our expectations, we may not be able to implement our strategy, which could potentially adversely affect our business. For further discussion regarding these and related risks see Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors.”

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. In preparing our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, we make assumptions, judgments and estimates that can have a significant impact on amounts reported in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. We base our assumptions, judgments and estimates on historical experience and various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We regularly reevaluate our assumptions, judgments and estimates. Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 1, “Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2011 (the “2011 Form 10-K”). In addition, we highlighted those policies that involve a higher degree of judgment and complexity with further discussion of these judgmental areas in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the 2011 Form 10-K. We believe these policies are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our financial condition and results of operations. Updates on the relevant periodic financial disclosures related to these policies are provided below.

 

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Goodwill. As of July 31, 2011, a hypothetical 10% decrease in the fair value of our reporting units would not have an impact on the carrying value of goodwill, nor result in impairment of goodwill. For further discussion see Note 12, “Goodwill,” in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Income Taxes. We currently have $154.1 million of net deferred tax assets, primarily a result of state research and development credits, net operating losses, and timing differences for reserves, accrued liabilities, stock options, purchased technologies and capitalized intangibles, partially offset by the establishment of U.S. deferred tax liabilities on unremitted earnings from certain foreign subsidiaries, deferred tax liabilities associated with tax method change on advanced payments and valuation allowances against California and Canadian deferred tax assets. We perform a quarterly assessment of the recoverability of these net deferred tax assets and believe that we will generate sufficient future taxable income in appropriate tax jurisdictions to realize the net deferred tax assets. Our judgments regarding future profitability may change due to future market conditions and other factors. Any change in future profitability may require material adjustments to these net deferred tax assets, resulting in a reduction in net income in the period when such determination is made.

Overview of the Three and Six Months Ended July 31, 2011

 

(in millions)    Three Months
Ended

July 31, 2011
     As a % of Net
Revenue
    Three Months
Ended
July 31, 2010
     As a % of Net
Revenue
 

Net Revenue

   $ 546.3         100   $ 472.8         100

Cost of revenue

     57.4         11     48.4         10
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Gross Profit

     488.9         89     424.4         90

Operating expenses

     393.9         72     344.6         73
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Income from Operations

   $ 95.0         17   $ 79.8         17
  

 

 

      

 

 

    
(in millions)    Six Months
Ended

July 31, 2011
     As a % of Net
Revenue
    Six Months
Ended

July 31, 2010
     As a % of Net
Revenue
 

Net Revenue

   $ 1,074.6         100   $ 947.4         100

Cost of revenue

     112.0         10     99.7         11
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Gross Profit

     962.6         90     847.7         89

Operating expenses

     789.0         73     717.1         75
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Income from Operations

   $ 173.6         16   $ 130.6         14
  

 

 

      

 

 

    

Our business grew year over year as evidenced by our increases in revenue, gross profit and income from operations. Contributing to the year over year increases in revenue were increases in revenue from new seat license revenue, upgrade revenue and maintenance revenue. In addition, we experienced increases in revenue for most of our major products, all of our reportable segments, and all of our geographic areas during three and six months ended July 31, 2011 as compared to the same periods in the prior fiscal year. The reasons for these increases are discussed below under the heading “Results of Operations.” In addition, we continued to control our operating costs, which led to year over year improvements in profitability. The 19% and 33% increase in income from operations in the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, respectively, as compared to the same periods in the prior fiscal year, was due to the increase in our net revenue, while controlling the growth of operating expenses at a rate less than that of our revenue growth. The majority of our costs are relatively fixed in the short term as they relate primarily to our workforce.

Our total operating margin remained flat as a percentage of revenue at 17% for the three months ended July 31, 2011 and 2010. Our total operating margin increased as a percentage of revenue from 14% for the six months ended July 31, 2010 to 16% during the six months ended July 31, 2011. The increase in our operating margin was primarily because net revenue increased at a faster rate than the increase in our costs due to proportionally less spending per revenue dollar earned. Net revenue increased $73.5 million or 16% for the three months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year, while our operating expenses increased $49.3 million, or 14% for the three months ended July 31, 2011. Net revenue increased $127.2 million or 13% for the six months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year, while our operating expenses increased $71.9 million, or 10% for the six months ended July 31, 2011. The 14% and 10% increase in operating expenses in the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, respectively, as compared to the three and six months ended July 31, 2010 was due to an increase in salaries and benefits due to increased headcount and the return of employee costs which were temporarily suppressed in the prior year such as salary reductions, employee incentives and mandatory vacation, and other costs associated with higher revenue. These increases were partially offset by the decrease in restructuring charges of $3.2 million and $10.3 million for the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, respectively.

We generate a majority of our revenue in the U.S., Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom and France. Included in the overall increase in revenue were impacts associated with foreign currency. Our revenue benefited from foreign exchange rate changes during

 

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the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same periods in the prior fiscal year. Had applicable exchange rates from the three and six months ended July 31, 2010 been in effect during the three and six months ended July 31, 2011 and had we excluded foreign exchange hedge gains and losses from the three and six months ended July 31, 2011 and 2010, (“on a constant currency basis”), net revenue would have increased 14% and 13%, respectively, compared to the same periods in the prior fiscal year. During the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, total spend, defined as cost of revenue plus operating expenses, increased 15% and 10%, respectively, compared to the same periods in the prior fiscal year as reported and increased 11% and 7%, respectively, on a constant currency basis. Changes in the value of the U.S. dollar may have a significant effect on net revenue, total spend and income from operations in future periods. We use foreign currency contracts to reduce the exchange rate effect on a portion of the net revenue of certain anticipated transactions, but do not attempt to completely mitigate the impact of fluctuation of such foreign currency against the U.S. dollar. During the three months ended July 31, 2011, we changed the way we calculate our period over period growth rates on a constant currency basis to exclude the impact of our hedging program on both the current and prior period. We believe this change is more useful to the users of our financial information as it more closely represents the underlying business growth rates. This change did not impact our constant currency growth rates by more than 4 percentage points for any of the periods presented in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. See the glossary of terms at the end of this Item 2, for further details.

We rely significantly upon major distributors and resellers in both the U.S. and international regions, including Tech Data Corporation and its global affiliates (collectively, “Tech Data”). Tech Data accounted for 17% of our total net revenue during both the three and six months ended July 31, 2011. Tech Data accounted for 15% and 16% of our total net revenue during both the three and six months ended July 31, 2010, respectively. We believe our business is not substantially dependent on Tech Data. Our customers through Tech Data are the resellers and end users who purchase our software licenses and services. Should any of the agreements between us and Tech Data be terminated for any reason, we believe the resellers and end users who currently purchase our products through Tech Data would be able to continue to do so under substantially the same terms from one of our many other distributors without substantial disruption to our revenue.

Our primary goals for the remainder of fiscal 2012 are to grow revenue and improve our operating margin percentage by delivering our market-leading products and solutions to our customers and investing in product functionality and new product lines, including suites offerings. However, there can be no assurance that we will achieve our financial goals and improve our financial results. Additionally, we believe that unemployment rates and the availability of credit to major industries we serve are important indicators for our business; if global economic conditions deteriorate we may not achieve our financial goals.

Revenue from flagship products was 56% and 59% of total net revenue during the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, and increased 7% and 9%, respectively, as compared to the same periods in the prior fiscal year. Revenue from suites was 29% and 26% of total net revenue during the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, and increased 45% and 31% as compared to the same periods in the prior fiscal year. During the six months ended July 2011, we released our new design and creation suites that include English language versions of our Autodesk Design Suite, Autodesk Factory Design Suite, Autodesk Product Design Suite, Autodesk Building Design Suite, Autodesk Entertainment Creation Suite, Autodesk Infrastructure Design Suite and Autodesk Plant Design Suite, as well as a Japanese language version of our Autodesk Entertainment Creation Suite. Suites revenue and growth rates for suites consist primarily of revenue from our pre-existing suite families, such as Inventor and Revit suites. Revenue from new and adjacent products was 15% of total net revenue during both the three and six months ended July 31, 2011 and increased 5% and 7%, respectively, as compared to the same periods in the prior fiscal year. We anticipate, as our new and existing customers migrate from our stand-alone products, that our revenue from suites will increase as a percentage of revenue and that our revenue from our flagship and new and adjacent products will decline as a percentage of revenue.

At July 31, 2011, we had $1,552.5 million in cash and marketable securities. We completed the quarter ended July 31, 2011 with a higher deferred revenue balance and a lower accounts receivable balance as compared to the fiscal year ended January 31, 2011. Our deferred revenue balance at July 31, 2011 included $566.2 million related to customer maintenance contracts, which will be recognized as revenue ratably over the life of the contracts. Our maintenance contracts are for a term of predominantly one year, but may be two or three years, or occasionally as long as five year terms. We repurchased 2.5 million shares of our common stock for $100.8 million during the three months ended July 31, 2011 and 4.2 million shares of our common stock for $169.4 million during the six months ended July 31, 2011. Comparatively, we repurchased 2.5 million shares of our common stock for $70.4 million during the three months ended July 31, 2010 and we repurchased 4.5 million shares of our common stock for $129.2 million during the six months ended July 31, 2010.

 

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Results of Operations

Net Revenue

 

     Three Months
Ended
July 31, 2011
     Increase compared to
prior fiscal year
    Three Months
Ended
July 31, 2010
     Six Months
Ended
July 31, 2011
     Increase compared to
prior fiscal year
    Six Months
Ended
July 31, 2010
 
(in millions)           $              %                   $              %        

Net Revenue:

                     

License and other

   $ 333.0       $ 52.3         19   $ 280.7       $ 656.0       $ 95.5         17   $ 560.5   

Maintenance

     213.3         21.2         11     192.1         418.6         31.7         8     386.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

 
   $ 546.3       $ 73.5         16   $ 472.8       $ 1,074.6       $ 127.2         13   $ 947.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

 

Net Revenue by Geographic Area:

                     

Americas

   $ 191.1       $ 22.7         13   $ 168.4       $ 372.5       $ 42.9         13   $ 329.6   

Europe, Middle East and Africa

     211.9         23.1         12     188.8         426.9         39.5         10     387.4   

Asia Pacific

     143.3         27.7         24     115.6         275.2         44.8         19     230.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

 
   $ 546.3       $ 73.5         16   $ 472.8       $ 1,074.6       $ 127.2         13   $ 947.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

 

Net Revenue by Operating Segment:

                     

Platform Solutions and Emerging Business

   $ 198.5       $ 21.0         12   $ 177.5       $ 409.0       $ 47.7         13   $ 361.3   

Architecture, Engineering and Construction

     157.9         24.8         19     133.1         299.3         29.4         11     269.9   

Manufacturing

     135.8         23.1         20     112.7         259.0         38.4         17     220.6   

Media and Entertainment

     54.1         4.6         9     49.5         107.3         11.7         12     95.6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

 
   $ 546.3       $ 73.5         16   $ 472.8       $ 1,074.6       $ 127.2         13   $ 947.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

 

License and Other Revenue

License and other revenue is comprised of two components: all forms of product license revenue and other revenue. Product license revenue includes revenue from the sale of new seat licenses and upgrades, which includes crossgrades. Other revenue consists of revenue from Creative Finishing, consulting and training services and collaborative project management services.

Total license and other revenue increased 19% during the three months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the three months ended July 31, 2010, respectively. This increase was primarily due to the 11% increase in revenue from commercial new seat licenses during the three months as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year. During the three months ended July 31, 2011, 7 percentage points of the 11% increase was due to the increase in the number of seats sold and 4 percentage points was due to an increase in average net revenue per seat. Commercial new seat license revenue, as a percentage of license and other revenue, was 69% and 74% for the three months ended July 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Total license and other revenue increased 17% during the six months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the six months ended July 31, 2010, respectively. This increase was primarily due to the 17% increase in revenue from commercial new seat licenses during the six months as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year. During the six months ended July 31, 2011, 11 percentage points of the 17% increase was due to the increase in the number of seats sold and 6 percentage points was due to an increase in the average net revenue per seat. Commercial new seat license revenue, as a percentage of license and other revenue, was 68% and 69% for the six months ended July 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Also contributing to the increase in license and other revenue during the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same periods in the prior fiscal year, was an increase in upgrade revenue, of 122% and 35%, respectively. Upgrade revenue was higher during the three months ended July 31, 2011 as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year due to an upgrade promotion run that was run during the three months ended July 31, 2011. Upgrade revenue was higher during the six months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same period of the prior fiscal year, primarily due to an ACAD LT upgrade promotion during the first quarter of fiscal 2012 and the upgrade promotion in the second quarter of fiscal 2012 mentioned above.

Revenue from the sales of our services, training and support, included in “License and other revenue,” represented less than 3% of total net revenue for all periods presented.

Maintenance Revenue

Our maintenance revenue relates to a program known by our user community as the Subscription Program. Our maintenance program provides our commercial and educational customers with a cost effective and predictable budgetary option to obtain the productivity benefits of our new releases and enhancements when and if released during the term of their contracts. Under our maintenance program, customers are eligible to receive unspecified upgrades when and if available, downloadable training courses and online support. We recognize maintenance revenue ratably over the maintenance contract periods.

Maintenance revenue increased 11% during the three months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the three months ended July 31, 2010, primarily due to an 11% increase in commercial maintenance revenue. The 11% increase in commercial maintenance revenue was due to a 6 percentage point increase from net revenue per maintenance seat and a 5 percentage point increase from commercial enrollment during the corresponding maintenance contract term. Commercial maintenance revenue represented 98% of maintenance revenue for both the three months ended July 31, 2011 and 2010.

 

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Maintenance revenue increased 8% during the six months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the six months ended July 31, 2010, primarily due to an 8% increase in commercial maintenance revenue. The 8% increase in commercial maintenance revenue was due to a 7 percentage point increase from commercial enrollment during the corresponding maintenance contract term and a 1 percentage point increase from net revenue per maintenance seat. Commercial maintenance revenue represented 98% of maintenance revenue for the both the six months ended July 31, 2011 and 2010. Total subscription program enrollment at both July 31, 2011 and January 31, 2011 consisted of about 3.0 million users, respectively.

Changes in maintenance revenue lag changes in net billings for maintenance contracts because we recognize the revenue from those contracts ratably over their contract terms. Our maintenance contracts are for a term of predominantly one year, but may be two or three years, or occasionally as long as five year terms. Net maintenance billings increased 37% and 20% during the three and six months ended July 31, 2011 as compared to the three and six months ended July 31, 2010. This increase was due to an increase in maintenance renewals, new multi-year maintenance contracts, and the impact from the upgrade promotions mentioned above in “License and Other Revenue.”

Aggregate backlog at July 31, 2011 and January 31, 2011, was $667.5 million and $615.4 million, respectively, of which $642.4 million and $587.9 million, respectively, represented deferred revenue. Backlog related to current software license product orders that had not shipped at the end of the quarter decreased by $2.4 million during the six months ended July 31, 2011 from $27.5 million at January 31, 2011 to $25.1 million at July 31, 2011. Deferred revenue consists primarily of deferred maintenance revenue. To a lesser extent, deferred revenue consists of deferred license and other revenue derived from collaborative project management services, consulting services and deferred license sales. Backlog from current software license product orders that we have not yet shipped consists of orders for currently available licensed software products from customers with approved credit status and may include orders with current ship dates and orders with ship dates beyond the current fiscal period.

Net Revenue by Geographic Area

Net revenue in the Americas geography increased by 13% during the three months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year. This increase in net revenue in the Americas was primarily due to a 12% increase in new seat revenue and a 10% increase in maintenance revenue. Net revenue in the Americas geography increased by 13% during the six months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year. This increase was primarily due to an 18% increase in new seat revenue in the Americas during the six months ended July 31, 2011 as compared to the six months ended July 31, 2010. Maintenance revenue increased 9% during the six months ended July 31, 2011 as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year.

Net revenue in the EMEA geography increased by 12%, or 13% on a constant currency basis, during the three months ended July 31, 2011 as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year. The increase was primarily due to an 8% increase in maintenance revenue and a 183% increase in upgrade revenue in the EMEA geography during the three months ended July 31, 2011 as compared to the three months ended July 31, 2010. The increase in our revenue in this geography was led by the Russian Federation, Germany and Belgium. Net revenue in the EMEA geography increased by 10%, or 13% on a constant currency basis, during the six months ended July 31, 2011 as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year. The increase was primarily due to a 14% increase in new seat revenue in this geography during the six months ended July 31, 2011 as compared to the six months ended July 31, 2010. The increase in our revenue in this geography was led by the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and Belgium.

Net revenue in the APAC geography increased by 24%, or 16% on a constant currency basis, during the three months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year, primarily due to a 22% increase in new seat revenue and a 23% increase in maintenance revenue. Net revenue expansion in this geography during the three months ended July 31, 2011 was led by Japan, Australia and China. Net revenue in the APAC geography increased by 19%, or 13% on a constant currency basis, during the six months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year, primarily due to an 18% increase in new seat revenue and a 21% increase in maintenance revenue. Net revenue expansion in this geography during the six months ended July 31, 2011 was led by Japan, Australia and South Korea.

Net revenue in emerging economies increased 23% during the three months ended July 31, 2011 as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year, primarily due to revenue increases from the Russian Federation, China and India. This growth was a significant factor in our international sales growth during the three months ended July 31, 2011. Revenue from emerging economies represented 16% and 15% of total net revenue for the three month ended July 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Net revenue in emerging economies increased 18% during the six months ended July 31, 2011 as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year, primarily due to revenue from the Russian Federation, Brazil, and India. This growth was a significant factor in our international sales growth during the six months ended July 31, 2011. Revenue from emerging economies represented 15% of total net revenue for both the six months ended July 31, 2011 and 2010.

 

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International net revenue represented 72% and 73% of our total net revenue for the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, respectively, as compared to 71% and 72% during the respective periods of the prior fiscal year. We believe that international revenue will continue to comprise a majority of our total net revenue. Unfavorable economic conditions in the countries that contribute a significant portion of our net revenue may have an adverse effect on our business in those countries and our overall financial performance. Net revenue from Japan was $58.2 million and $118.9 million for the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, respectively or approximately 11% of our total net revenue, for both the three and six months ended July 31, 2011. Although we believe the impact of the earthquakes and tsunami that struck Japan in March 2011 on our future financial results will be immaterial, the events have created an element of uncertainty on our future financial results. Changes in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to other currencies have significantly affected, and could continue to significantly affect, our financial results for a given period even though we hedge a portion of our current and projected revenue. Additionally, the recent U.S. debt downgrade and weak global economic conditions that have been characterized by restructuring of sovereign debt, high unemployment, and volatility in the financial markets may impact our future financial results.

Net Revenue by Operating Segment

We have four reportable segments: Platform Solutions and Emerging Business (“PSEB”), Architecture, Engineering and Construction (“AEC”), Manufacturing (“MFG”) and Media and Entertainment (“M&E”). We have no material inter-segment revenue.

Net revenue for PSEB, which includes our Autodesk Design Suite, increased 12% during the three months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year, primarily due to a 12% increase in revenue from our AutoCAD products. During the six months ended July 31, 2011, net revenue for PSEB increased 13% as compared to the same period of the prior fiscal year primarily due to a 12% increase in revenue from our AutoCAD LT.

Net revenue for AEC increased 19% during the three months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year, primarily due to a 42% increase in revenue from our Revit family of products, which includes our Autodesk Building Design Suite. During the six months ended July 31, 2011, net revenue for AEC increased 11% as compared to the same period of the prior fiscal year primarily due to a 32% increase in revenue from our Revit family of products which includes our Autodesk Building Design Suite.

Net revenue for MFG increased 20% during the three months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year, primarily due to a 25% increase in revenue from our Inventor family of products, which includes the Autodesk Product Design Suite. During the six months ended July 31, 2011, net revenue for MFG increased 17% as compared to the same period of the prior fiscal year primarily due to a 17% increase in revenue from our Inventor family of products, which includes the Autodesk Product Design Suite.

Net revenue for M&E increased 9% during the three months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year, primarily due to a 15% increase in revenue from our Animation product group, which includes our Autodesk Entertainment Creation Suite, offset by a 2% decrease in revenue from Creative Finishing. The increase in Animation revenue was primarily due to a 9% increase in revenue from Autodesk 3ds Max related products. During the six months ended July 31, 2011, net revenue for M&E increased 12% as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year, primarily due to a 17% increase in revenue from our Animation product group and a 2% increase in revenue from Creative Finishing. The increase in Animation revenue was primarily due to an 18% increase in revenue from Autodesk Maya related products.

Cost of Revenue and Operating Expenses

Cost of Revenue

 

     Three Months
Ended
July 31, 2011
    Increase compared to
prior fiscal year
    Three  Months
Ended

July 31, 2010
    Six  Months
Ended

July 31, 2011
    Increase compared to
prior fiscal year
    Six  Months
Ended

July 31, 2010
 
(in millions)      $          %             $          %        

Cost of revenue:

                  

License and other

   $ 45.7      $ 5.2         13   $ 40.5      $ 88.3      $ 6.6         8   $ 81.7   

Maintenance

     11.7        3.8         48     7.9        23.7        5.7         32     18.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

 
   $ 57.4      $ 9.0         19   $ 48.4      $ 112.0      $ 12.3         12   $ 99.7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

 

As a percentage of net revenue

     11          10     10          11

Cost of license and other revenue includes labor costs of order fulfillment and costs of fulfilling consulting and training services contracts and collaborative project management services contracts. Cost of license and other revenue also includes stock-based compensation expense, direct material and overhead charges, amortization of purchased technology, professional services fees and royalties. Direct material and overhead charges include the cost of hardware sold (mainly PC-based workstations for Creative Finishing in the M&E segment), costs associated with transferring our software to electronic media, printing of user manuals and packaging materials and shipping and handling costs.

 

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Cost of license and other revenue increased 13% and 8% during the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same periods in the prior fiscal year, primarily due to increased support costs and lower margin consulting engagements.

Cost of maintenance revenue includes labor costs of providing product support to our maintenance customers, including stock-based compensation expense for these employees, rent and occupancy, shipping and handling costs and professional services fees. Cost of maintenance revenue increased 48% and 32% during the three and six months ended July 31, 2011, as compared to the same periods in the prior fiscal year, due to an increase in maintenance support headcount and increased annual fulfillment costs related to supplying USB flash drives of our suites products.

Cost of revenue, at least over the near term, is affected by the volume and mix of product sales, mix of physical versus electronic fulfillment, fluctuations in consulting costs, amortization of purchased technology, new customer support offerings, royalty rates for licensed technology embedded in our products and employee stock-based compensation expense. We expect cost of revenue to increase in absolute dollars, but to remain relatively consistent as a percentage of net revenue during the third quarter of fiscal 2012, as compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2011.

Marketing and Sales

 

     Three  Months
Ended
July 31, 2011
    Increase compared to
prior fiscal year
    Three  Months
Ended
July 31, 2010
    Six  Months
Ended
July 31, 2011
    Increase compared to
prior fiscal year
    Six  Months
Ended
July 31, 2010
 
(in millions)      $          %             $          %        

Marketing and sales

   $ 201.0      $ 23.5         13   $ 177.5      $ 402.9      $ 38.9         11   $ 364.0   

As a percentage of net revenue

     37          38     37