Houston, Texas-based BJ Services Company (BJS) is an oilfield services company. BJS provides pressure pumping and other oilfield services to oil and natural gas exploration and production (E&P) companies all over the world. BJS's main concern is to help E&P companies optimize production and extract more value from existing and new wells. In order to do this, the company completes, restores and services wells.
BJS is divided into two main divisions: Pressure Pumping and the Oilfield Services Group. Pressure pumping, which comprises cementing and stimulation services used during the completion of new wells along with the restoration and repair of existing wells, is the larger division. Through its smaller Oilfield Services Group, the company provides tubular services, inspections of pipe connections, and specialty chemical treatments.
While most of BJ Services's business is in the domestic U.S., BJS has a growing international presence, especially in markets like Brazil. BJS has landed three offshore vessel servicing contracts in Brazil and increased revenue in that market by 43% quarter-over-quarter in Q1 2008. The Brazilian market is set to grow further, with the Brazilian Petroleum Corporation (PBR) indicating plans to build and contract 69 more deepwater drill-ships by 2017.
Higher oil and natural gas prices lead to more drilling because E&P companies can drill in areas previously considered too expensive. The feasibility of offshore deepwater drilling internationally and domestically is made possible by oil prices above $60. While drilling activity has increased to 10 year highs in the U.S. and internationally, there has been more competition in the pressure pumping industry. In both domestic and international markets, BJS competes directly with larger rivals Schlumberger N.V. (SLB) and Halliburton Company (HAL) in pressure pumping and oilfield services. Because of this competition, margins have decreased every quarter from Q1 2007 to Q4 2007, hurting BJS's net income. To counter this negative effect, BJS has grown in its Oilfield Services Group at a faster rate. That division's revenue grew by 16% quarter-over-quarter in Q1 2008, out-pacing overall revenue growth by 8%.
BJ Services is organized into two major divisions:
Pressure Pumping is the larger of BJS' two divisions, accounting for 84% of revenue in fiscal 2007. This segment's services include cementing (to support the physical structure of oil wells) and stimulation services such as fracturing and acidizing, which help make it easier for oil to flow through the well during pumping. The Pressure Pumping division's clients include both onshore and offshore oil exploration and production (E&P) companies.
The Oilfield Services division accounted for 16% of revenue in fiscal 2007. This division produces chemicals and special tools used by E&P companies. It also provides diagnostic tests and maintenance services for companies' oilfields.
Driven by growth in international markets, BJS' revenue in fiscal 2007 increased 10% from 2006, hitting a record high. In the same year, revenue from BJS' pressure pumping businesses in Latin America and Asia Pacific both grew by more than 20%. Despite this, lower gross margins in the U.S./Mexico region and a 27% decline in drilling activity in Canada led to an overall 6% decline in net income for the year.
As of the first quarter of 2008, natural gas prices were up 20% from 2007 while oil prices were up 69%. Higher market prices for oil and natural gas create an incentive for E&P companies to drill new wells and maintain existing ones. In the same quarter, the total number of oilfield drilling rigs in operation reached a ten-year high in both the U.S. and internationally, with 1,770 rigs and 989 active rigs, respectively. Increased demand for oil wells leads to higher demand for BJ Services' oilfield services as well; BJS' revenue in the first quarter of 2008 grew 8% over the previous quarter.
Natural gas reserves located in shale beds have largely been ignored in the past due to the high costs and difficulty of drilling through shale. With the rising price of natural gas, however, these shale reserves have become increasingly viable alternatives. In response to this trend, BJS has developed new technology for fracturing shale wells and improving production. In the Barnett Shale of North Texas, BJS has applied a new technique called simo fracs, in which multiple wells are fractured simultaneously. Additionally, BJS has developed a coiled tubing fracturing system called OptiFrac that boosts natural gas production in multi-zone reservoirs. These technologies have already been implemented in shale reserves in Louisiana and Texas.
In June 2008, President Bush pushed to lift the ban on offshore drilling in U.S. coastal waters in a plan also supported by presidential candidate John McCain. Even without President Bush's plan, offshore drilling is already on the rise, with nearly 4,000 offshore wells drilled in 2007, up 25% from the 3,200 drilled in 2003. From 2006 to 2007, BJS increased its revenue from deepwater services by 50% and established itself as the second-largest provider of cementing units in the Gulf of Mexico. In 2007, oil companies spent $18 billion on deepwater drilling; of this, just over $3.6 billion was spent on support services from companies like BJS.
Petrobras (PBR) has outlined a plan to contract or build 69 deepwater drill-ships by 2017. This came after the November 2007 discovery of a large oilfield (estimated to be the third-largest known reserve in the world) 200 miles south of Rio de Janeiro. By the end of 2007, BJS had signed contracts to provide services for three of Petrobras' offshore vessels. As a result, BJS reported strong growth in its Latin American business, with revenue from the region up 43% quarter-over-quarter in Q1 2008.
BJ Services competes mainly with Schlumberger N.V. (SLB) and Halliburton Company (HAL), which have larger overall revenues in pressure pumping. Weatherford International (WFT), Calfrac Well Services, Trican Wel Services, San Antonio and Frac Technologies are smaller, but also direct competitors.
BJS is the largest pre-commission and leak detection services provider for pipelines and one of the largest pipeline inspectors. In the pipeline services business, BJS competes with Pipeline Integrity International (subsidiary of General Electric Company (GE)), Tuboscope (subsidiary of National-Oilwell (NOV) and H. Rosen Engineering GmbH).
|2005 Revenue||2006 Revenue||2007 Revenue|
|Schlumberger N.V. (SLB)||14,717||19,517||23,708|
|2005 Net Income||2006 Net Income||2007 Net Income|
|Schlumberger N.V. (SLB)||2,207||3,710||5,177|