BP » Topics » Health, Safety and Environmental Regulation

This excerpt taken from the BP 20-F filed Mar 4, 2008.
Health, safety and environmental regulation
The group is subject to numerous international, national and local environmental laws and regulations concerning its products, operations and activities. Current and proposed fuel and product specifications and climate change programmes under a number of environmental laws will have a significant effect on the production, sale and profitability of many of our products. Environmental laws and regulations also require the group to remediate or otherwise redress the effects on the environment of prior disposal or release of chemicals or petroleum substances by the group or other parties. Such contingencies may exist for various sites, including refineries, chemicals plants, natural gas processing plants, oil and natural gas fields, service stations, terminals and waste disposal sites. In addition, the group may have obligations relating to prior asset sales or closed facilities. Provisions for environmental restoration and remediation are made when a clean-up is probable and the amount is reasonably determinable. Generally, their timing coincides with the commitment to a formal plan of action or, if earlier, on divestment or on closure of inactive sites. The provisions made are considered by management to be sufficient for known requirements.
     The extent and cost of future environmental restoration, remediation and abatement programmes are often inherently difficult to estimate. They depend on the magnitude of any possible contamination, the timing and extent of the corrective actions required, technological feasibility and BP’s share of liability relative to that of other solvent responsible parties. Though the costs of future restoration and remediation could be significant and may be material to the results of operations in the period in which they are recognized, it is not expected that such costs will be material to the group’s overall results of operations or financial position. See Financial statements – Note 37 on page 151 for the amounts provided in respect of environmental remediation and decommissioning.
     The group’s operations are also subject to environmental and common law claims for personal injury and property damage caused by the release of chemicals, hazardous materials or petroleum substances by the group or others. Fifteen proceedings involving governmental authorities are pending or known to be contemplated against BP and certain of its subsidiaries under federal, state or local environmental laws, each of which could result in monetary sanctions of $100,000 or more. No individual proceeding is, nor are the proceedings in aggregate, expected to be material to the group’s results of operations or financial position.
     For information regarding Texas City and other refineries see Texas City refinery on page 27, Other regulatory actions on page 28 and Legal proceedings on page 82.
     For further information regarding spills in Alaska in 2006 see Legal proceedings on page 82.
     Management cannot predict future developments, such as increasingly strict requirements of environmental laws and resulting enforcement policies that might affect the group’s operations or affect the exploration for new reserves or the products sold by the group. A risk of increased environmental costs and impacts is inherent in particular operations and products of the group and there can be no assurance that material liabilities and costs will not be incurred in the future. In general, the group does not expect that it will be affected differently from other companies with comparable assets engaged in similar businesses. Management believes that the group’s activities are in compliance in all material respects with applicable environmental laws and regulations.
     For a discussion of the group’s environmental expenditure see page 52.
     BP operates in more than 100 countries worldwide. In all regions of the world, BP has, or is developing, processes designed to ensure



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compliance with applicable regulations. In addition, each individual in the group is required to comply with BP health, safety and environmental policies as embedded in the BP code of conduct. Our partners, suppliers and contractors are also encouraged to adopt them.
     This Environment section focuses primarily on the US and the EU, where around 65% of our fixed assets are located, and on issues of a global nature such as our operations and the environment, climate change programmes and maritime oil spills regulations.

This excerpt taken from the BP 20-F filed Jun 13, 2006.

Health, Safety and Environmental Regulation

        The Group is subject to numerous national and local environmental laws and regulations concerning its products, operations and activities. Current and proposed fuel and product specifications under a number of environmental laws will have a significant effect on the production, sale and profitability of many of our products. Environmental laws and regulations also require the Group to remediate or otherwise redress the effects on the environment of prior disposal or release of chemicals or petroleum substances by the Group or other parties. Such contingencies may exist for various sites including refineries, chemicals plants, natural gas processing plants, oil and natural gas fields, service stations, terminals and waste disposal sites. In addition, the Group may have obligations relating to prior asset sales or closed facilities. Provisions for environmental restoration and remediation are made when a clean-up is probable and the amount is reasonably determinable. Generally, their timing coincides with the commitment to a formal plan of action or, if earlier, on divestment or on closure of inactive sites. The provisions made are considered by management to be sufficient for known requirements.

        The extent and cost of future environmental restoration, remediation and abatement programmes are often inherently difficult to estimate. They depend on the magnitude of any possible contamination, the timing and extent of the corrective actions required and BP's share of liability relative to that of other solvent responsible parties. Though the costs of future restoration and remediation could be significant, and may be material to the results of operations in the period in which they are recognized, it is not expected that such costs will be material to the Group's overall results of operations or financial position. Refer to Item 18 — Financial Statements — Note 32 on page F-56 for the amounts provided in respect of environmental remediation and decommissioning.

        The Group's operations are also subject to environmental and common law claims for personal injury and property damage caused by the release of chemicals, hazardous materials or petroleum substances by the Group or others. Thirteen proceedings instituted by governmental authorities are pending or known to be contemplated against BP and certain of its US subsidiaries under US federal, state or local environmental laws, each of which could result in monetary sanctions in excess of $100,000. No individual proceeding is, nor are the proceedings as a group, expected to be material to the Group's results of operations or financial position.

        On March 23, 2005, an explosion and fire occurred in the Isomerization Unit of the BP Texas City refinery as the unit was coming out of planned maintenance. Fifteen contractors involved in maintenance work died in the incident. Other contractors and employees were injured, some very seriously. The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the US Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board and the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, among others, are conducting investigations. BP has finalized or is in process of negotiating settlements in respect of fatalities and personal injury claims arising from the incident. BP currently expects that the total amount of these settlements will not be material to the Group's results of operations or financial position for the year 2005. However, such amount may be material to the Group's results of operations for a particular quarter.

        Management cannot predict future developments, such as increasingly strict requirements of environmental laws and the resulting enforcement policies thereunder, that might affect the Group's operations or affect the exploration for new reserves or the products sold by the Group. A risk of increased environmental costs and impacts is inherent in particular operations and products of the Group and there can be no assurance that material liabilities and costs will not be incurred in the future. In general, the Group does not expect that it will be affected differently from other companies

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with comparable assets engaged in similar businesses. Management believes that the Group's activities are in compliance in all material respects with applicable environmental laws and regulations.

        For a discussion of the Group's environmental expenditures see Item 5 — Operating and Financial Review — Environmental Expenditure on page 97.

        BP operates in over 100 countries worldwide. In all regions of the world, BP has processes to ensure compliance with applicable regulations. In addition, each individual in the Group is required to comply with the BP health, safety and environment policy and associated expectations and standards. Our partners, suppliers and contractors are also encouraged to adopt them. The Group is working with the equity-accounted entity TNK-BP to develop management information to allow for the assessment and measurement of their activities in relation to health, safety and environment regulations and obligations. This document focuses primarily on the US and the European Union (EU), where approximately 80% of our property, plant and equipment is located, and on two issues of a global nature: climate change programmes and maritime oil spills regulations.

This excerpt taken from the BP 20-F filed Jun 30, 2005.

Health, Safety and Environmental Regulation

        The Group is subject to numerous national and local environmental laws and regulations concerning its products, operations and activities. Current and proposed fuel and product specifications under a number of environmental laws will have a significant effect on the production, sale and profitability of many of our products. Environmental laws and regulations also require the Group to remediate or otherwise redress the effects on the environment of prior disposal or release of chemicals or petroleum substances by the Group or other parties. Such contingencies may exist for various sites including refineries, chemicals plants, natural gas processing plants, oil and natural gas fields, service stations, terminals and waste disposal sites. In addition, the Group may have obligations relating to prior asset sales or closed facilities. Provisions for environmental restoration and remediation are made when a clean-up is probable and the amount is reasonably determinable. Generally, their timing coincides with the commitment to a formal plan of action or, if earlier, on divestment or on closure of inactive sites. The provisions made are considered by management to be sufficient for known requirements.

        The extent and cost of future environmental restoration, remediation and abatement programmes are often inherently difficult to estimate. They depend on the magnitude of any possible contamination, the timing and extent of the corrective actions required and BP's share of liability relative to that of other solvent responsible parties. Though the costs of future restoration and remediation could be significant, and may be material to the results of operations in the period in which they are recognized, it is not expected that such costs will be material to the Group's overall results of operations or financial position. Refer to Item 18 — Financial Statements — Note 32 on page F-57 for the amounts provided in respect of environmental remediation and decommissioning.

        The Group's operations are also subject to environmental and common law claims for personal injury and property damage caused by the release of chemicals, hazardous materials or petroleum substances by the Group or others. Thirteen proceedings instituted by governmental authorities are pending or known to be contemplated against BP and certain of its US subsidiaries under US federal, state or local environmental laws, each of which could result in monetary sanctions in excess of $100,000. No individual proceeding is, nor are the proceedings as a group, expected to be material to the Group's results of operations or financial position.

        On March 23, 2005, an explosion and fire occurred in the Isomerization Unit of the BP Texas City refinery as the unit was coming out of planned maintenance. Fifteen contractors involved in maintenance work died in the incident. Other contractors and employees were injured, some very seriously. The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the US Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board and the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, among others, are conducting investigations. BP has finalized or is in process of negotiating settlements in respect of fatalities and personal injury claims arising from the incident. BP currently expects that the total amount of these settlements will not be material to the Group's results of operations or financial position for the year 2005. However, such amount may be material to the Group's results of operations for a particular quarter.

        Management cannot predict future developments, such as increasingly strict requirements of environmental laws and the resulting enforcement policies thereunder, that might affect the Group's operations or affect the exploration for new reserves or the products sold by the Group. A risk of increased environmental costs and impacts is inherent in particular operations and products of the Group and there can be no assurance that material liabilities and costs will not be incurred in the future. In general, the Group does not expect that it will be affected differently from other companies

67



with comparable assets engaged in similar businesses. Management believes that the Group's activities are in compliance in all material respects with applicable environmental laws and regulations.

        For a discussion of the Group's environmental expenditures see Item 5 — Operating and Financial Review — Environmental Expenditure on page 90.

        BP operates in over 100 countries worldwide. In all regions of the world, BP has processes to ensure compliance with applicable regulations. In addition, each individual in the Group is required to comply with the BP health, safety and environment policy and associated expectations and standards. Our partners, suppliers and contractors are also encouraged to adopt them. The Group is working with the equity-accounted entity TNK-BP to develop management information to allow for the assessment and measurement of their activities in relation to health, safety and environment regulations and obligations. This document focuses primarily on the US and the European Union (EU), where approximately 80% of our property, plant and equipment is located, and on two issues of a global nature: climate change programmes and maritime oil spills regulations.

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