This excerpt taken from the BP 6-K filed Sep 11, 2006.
Note 1 Basis of preparation and impact of new International Financial Reporting Standards
The interim financial information included in this Form 6-K has been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting.
BP prepares its Annual Report and Accounts on the basis of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as adopted for use by the European Union (EU). The financial information presented herein has been prepared in accordance with the accounting policies used in preparing Annual Report and Accounts 2005 as revised for the following amendments to IFRSs which have been adopted by the Group with effect from January 1, 2006.
IAS 21 Amendment Net Investment in a Foreign Operation was issued in December 2005. The amendment clarifies the requirements of IAS 21 The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates regarding an entitys investment in foreign operations. This amendment was adopted by the European Union (EU) in May 2006. There was no material impact on the Groups reported income or net assets as a result of adoption of this amendment.
The IASB issued an amendment to the fair value option in IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement in June 2005. The option to irrevocably designate, on initial recognition, any financial instruments as ones to be measured at fair value with gains and losses recognized in profit and loss has now been restricted to those financial instruments meeting certain criteria. The criteria are where such designation eliminates or significantly reduces an accounting mismatch, when a group of financial assets, financial liabilities or both are managed and their performance is evaluated on a fair value basis in accordance with a documented risk management or investment strategy, and when an instrument contains an embedded derivative that meets particular conditions. The Group has not designated any financial instruments as being at-fair-value-through-profit-and-loss, thus there was no effect on the Groups reported income or net assets as a result of adoption of this amendment.
In August 2005, the IASB issued amendments to IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement and IFRS 4 Insurance Contracts regarding Financial Guarantee Contracts. These amendments require the issuer of financial guarantee contracts to account for them under IAS 39 as opposed to IFRS 4 unless an issuer has previously asserted explicitly that it regards such contracts as insurance contracts and has used accounting applicable to insurance contracts. In these instances the issuer may elect to apply either IAS 39 or IFRS 4. Under the amended IAS 39, a financial guarantee contract is initially recognized at fair value and is subsequently measured at the higher of (a) the amount determined in accordance with IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets and (b) the amount initially recognized, less, when appropriate, cumulative amortization recognized in accordance with IAS 18 Revenue. This standard impacts guarantees given by Group companies in respect of associates and joint ventures as well as in respect of other third parties; these are recorded in the Groups financial statements at fair value.
In addition, in 2006 BP has adopted IFRIC 5 Rights to Interests Arising from Decommissioning, Restoration and Environmental Rehabilitation Funds and IFRIC 6 Liabilities Arising from Participating in a Specific Market - Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment and has decided to early adopt IFRIC 7 Applying IAS 29 for the First Time. There were no changes in accounting policy and no restatement of financial information consequent upon adoption of these Interpretations.
The following pronouncements from the IASB will become effective for future financial reporting periods.
In August 2005, the IASB issued IFRS 7 Financial Instruments Disclosures which is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2007, with earlier adoption encouraged. Upon adoption, the Group will disclose additional information about its financial instruments, their significance and the nature and extent of risks to which they give rise. More specifically, the Group will be required to disclose the fair value of its financial instruments and its risk exposure in greater detail. There will be no effect on reported income or net assets. The Group has not yet decided whether to early adopt this standard for 2006 annual reporting.
Also in August 2005, IAS 1 Amendment Presentation of Financial Statements: Capital Disclosures was issued by the IASB, which requires disclosures of an entitys objectives, policies and processes for managing capital, quantitative data about what the entity regards as capital, whether the entity has complied with any capital requirements, and the consequences of any non-compliance. This is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2007. There will be no effect on the Groups reported income or net assets.