Bancorp Rhode Island 10-Q 2006
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
(Quarterly Report Under Section 13 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934)
For the quarter ended: June 30, 2006
Commission File No. 001-16101
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer, as defined in Section 12b-2 of the Exchange Act of 1934.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes o No x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the Registrants classes of common stock, as of August 1, 2006:
Bancorp Rhode Island, Inc.
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
Table of Contents
We make certain forward looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in other documents that we incorporate by reference into this report that are based upon our current expectations and projections about current events. We intend these forward looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and we are including this statement for purposes of these safe harbor provisions. You can identify these statements by reference to a future period or periods by our use of the words estimate, project, may, believe, intend, anticipate, plan, seek, expect and similar terms or variations of these terms.
Actual results may differ materially from those set forth in forward looking statements as a result of risks and uncertainties, including those detailed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Our forward looking statements do not reflect the potential impact of any future acquisition, mergers, dispositions, joint ventures or investments we may make. We do not assume any obligation to update any forward looking statements.
BANCORP RHODE ISLAND, INC.
Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited)
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements
BANCORP RHODE ISLAND, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited)
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements
BANCORP RHODE ISLAND, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders Equity (unaudited)
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements
BANCORP RHODE ISLAND, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements
BANCORP RHODE ISLAND, INC.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(1) Basis of Presentation
Bancorp Rhode Island, Inc. (the Company), a Rhode Island corporation, is the holding company for Bank Rhode Island (the Bank). The Company has no significant assets other than the common stock of the Bank. For that reason, substantially all of the discussion in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q relates to the operations of the Bank and its subsidiaries.
In preparing the consolidated financial statements, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the balance sheet and revenues and expenses for the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Material estimates that are particularly susceptible to change relate to the determination of the allowance for loan and lease losses and review of goodwill for impairment.
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Bank Rhode Island, along with the Banks wholly-owned subsidiaries, BRI Investment Corp. (a Rhode Island passive investment company), BRI Realty Corp. (a Rhode Island real estate holding company), Acorn Insurance Agency, Inc. (a licensed insurance agency) and Macrolease Corporation (an equipment leasing company). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and prevailing practices within the banking industry and include all necessary adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments), that, in the opinion of management, are required for a fair presentation of the results and financial condition of the Company. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year classification. Such reclassifications have no effect on previously reported net income or shareholders equity.
The unaudited interim results of consolidated operations are not necessarily indicative of the results for any future interim period or for the entire year. These interim consolidated financial statements do not include all disclosures associated with annual financial statements and, accordingly, should be read in conjunction with the annual consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in the Companys 2005 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
(2) Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share (EPS) excludes dilution and is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised and resulted in the issuance of additional common stock that then shared in the earnings of the Company.
(3) Share-Based Compensation
Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) 123-R, Share-Based Payment, which is a revision to SFAS 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation. SFAS 123-R focuses primarily on accounting for share-based payments made to employees. Under SFAS 123-R, the grant date fair value of share-based awards (primarily stock options for the Company) is recognized as an expense in the income statement, whereas under SFAS 123, the Company accounted for share-based awards under the intrinsic value method prescribed by Accounting Principles Board (APB) Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees (APB 25).
The Company adopted SFAS 123-R under the modified prospective adoption method. Under that method of adoption, the provisions of SFAS 123-R are generally only applied to share-based awards granted subsequent to adoption and any unvested prior grants. Under SFAS 123-R, share-based awards requiring future service are recognized as compensation expense over the relevant service period. Share-based awards that do not require future service (vested awards) are expensed immediately. SFAS 123-R also requires the Company to estimate expected forfeitures in determining compensation expense. Additionally, compensation expense for share-based awards granted to retirement-eligible employees is recognized immediately.
In December 2005, the Executive and Compensation Committees of the Companys Board of Directors accelerated the vesting of all 89,586 unvested stock options. No other changes were made to the terms and conditions of the options. The Company recorded expenses of $49,000 in connection with the accelerated vesting. At the time of the vesting acceleration, approximately 79% of the expenses anticipated to be recorded over the next three years related to stock options that had no intrinsic value, as the stock options were out-of-the-money. Additionally, 73% of the unvested options with a positive intrinsic value, or in-the-money, were scheduled to fully vest within four months after December 31, 2005. As a result of this accelerated vesting, the Company will not be required to recognize anticipated non-cash compensation expense relating to stock options of approximately $370,000 in 2006, $260,000 in 2007 and $70,000 in 2008.
Under SFAS 123, the Company did not recognize compensation expense for stock options issued prior to January 2006 because the stock options had no intrinsic value at grant date, as the exercise price equaled the market value of the Companys common stock on the grant date. The Company did recognize compensation expense related to restricted stock compensation during 2005. The relevant service period for this restricted stock award concluded in December 2005.
As indicated above, at the time of adoption of SFAS 123-R on January 1, 2006, all stock options granted to employees and directors were fully vested and exercisable. As a result, the transition impact of adopting SFAS 123-R was not material to the Companys results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2006.
If the Company had recognized compensation expense for stock options over the relevant service period, generally 3 to 4 years under the fair value method proscribed by SFAS 123, net income would have decreased for the three month and six month periods ended June 30, 2005, resulting in pro forma net income and earnings per common share (EPS) as summarized below:
Employee Stock Plans The Company maintains a 1996 Incentive and Nonqualified Stock Option Plan and a 2002 Equity Incentive Plan (collectively the Employee Stock Plans) under which it may grant awards of its common stock to officers and key employees. The total number of shares available for awards under the Employee Stock Plans is 835,000. The 2002 Equity Incentive Plan also provides for automatic incremental increases each year in the number of shares authorized for issuance under such plan on the date of the annual shareholders meeting equal to the least of (i) 2% of total issued and outstanding common stock on the date of the shareholders meeting, (ii) 75,000 shares and (iii) such lesser number as determined by the Board of Directors of the Company. The Employee Stock Plans, which are shareholder approved, allow grants of options, restricted stock, stock appreciation rights (SARs), performance shares or units and other stock-based awards. To date, the Company has only awarded options under the Employee Stock Plans, which have been granted at an exercise price equal to the market value of the stock on the date of the grant with vesting terms of three to five years. Unless exercised, options granted under the Employee Stock Plans have a 10-year contractual term. Certain stock option awards provide for accelerated vesting if there is a change in control (as defined in the Employee Stock Plans).
The fair value of each employee stock option award is estimated on the grant date using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model utilizing the following pricing assumptions, summarized on a weighted-average basis in the table below:
The activity related to these stock options is summarized below:
The total intrinsic value of options exercised during the six months ended June 30, 2006 and 2005 was $992,000 and $271,000, respectively.
The following table summarizes share-based compensation and the related tax benefit for the periods indicated:
As of June 30, 2006, there was $487,000 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested employee compensation arrangements. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 4.3 years.
Director Stock Plan The Company maintains a Non-Employee Director Stock Plan (the Director Stock Plan) under which it may grant awards to non-employee directors. The total number of shares available for awards under the Director Stock Plan is 90,000. Each non-employee director elected at the 1998 shareholders meeting received an option for 1,500 shares and each new non-employee director elected subsequently receives an option for 1,000 shares. Non-employee directors also receive an annual option grant for 500 shares as of the date of each annual meeting of shareholders. Options are granted at an exercise price equal to the market value of the stock on the date of the grant and vest six months after the grant date. Unless exercised, options granted under the Director Stock Plan have a 10-year contractual term.
The fair value of each non-employee director annual stock option award is estimated on the grant date using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model utilizing the following pricing assumptions, summarized in the table below:
The activity related to these director stock options is summarized below:
During the six months ended June 30, 2006 and 2005, there were no options exercised by directors. The Company recorded share-based compensation expenses to directors during the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2006 of $29,000. As of June 30, 2006, there was $59,000 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested director compensation arrangements. This cost is expected to be recognized over the next four months.
(4) Supplemental Executive Retirement Plans
The Bank maintains Supplemental Executive Retirement Plans (SERPs) for certain of its executives under which participants designated by the Board of Directors are entitled to an annual retirement benefit. Expenses associated with the SERPs were $217,000 and $302,000 for the six months ending June 30, 2006 and 2005, respectively. Accrued liabilities associated with the SERPs were $2.0 million and $1.8 million for June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively.
(5) Stock Repurchase Plan
In April 2006, the Companys Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to 245,000 shares of the Company's common stock or approximately five percent of the outstanding shares. The repurchases, which may be conducted through open market purchases or privately negotiated purchases, may be made periodically, subject to market conditions, at the discretion of management. As of June 30, 2006, the Company had not yet repurchased any of its common stock.
(6) Recent Accounting Pronouncement
In July 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Financial Accounting Standards Interpretation No. 48 (FIN 48), Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes. FIN 48 clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in a Companys financial statements in accordance with SFAS 109, Accounting for Income Taxes. FIN 48 prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attributable for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. FIN 48 also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosures and transitions. FIN 48 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006. The Company is currently analyzing the effects of FIN 48.
BANCORP RHODE ISLAND, INC.
Management's Discussion and Analysis
ITEM 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis
The Companys principal subsidiary, Bank Rhode Island, is a commercial bank chartered as a financial institution in the State of Rhode Island. The Bank pursues a community banking mission and is principally engaged in providing banking products and services to individuals and businesses in Rhode Island and nearby areas of Massachusetts. The Bank is subject to competition from a variety of traditional and nontraditional financial service providers both within and outside of Rhode Island. The Bank offers its customers a wide range of business, commercial real estate, consumer and residential loans and leases, deposit products, nondeposit investment products, cash management, private banking and other banking products and services designed to meet the financial needs of individuals and small- to mid-sized businesses. The Bank also offers both commercial and consumer online banking products and maintains a web site at http://www.bankri.com. The Company and Bank are subject to regulation by a number of federal and state agencies and undergo periodic examinations by certain of those regulatory authorities. The Banks deposits are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), subject to regulatory limits. The Bank is also a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Boston (FHLB). The Companys common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select MarketSM under the symbol BARI. The Companys financial reports can be accessed through its website within 24 hours of filing with the SEC.
Critical Accounting Policies
Accounting policies involving significant judgments and assumptions by management, which have, or could have, a material impact on the carrying value of certain assets or net income, are considered critical accounting policies. The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from those estimates. As discussed in the Companys 2005 Annual Report on Form 10-K, management has identified the accounting for the allowance for loan and lease losses and valuation of goodwill and analysis for impairment as the Companys most critical accounting policies. There have been no significant changes in the methods or assumptions used in accounting policies that require material estimates or assumptions.
The primary drivers of the Companys operating income are net interest income, which is strongly affected by the net yield on interest-earning assets (net interest margin), and the quality of the Companys assets.
The Companys net interest income represents the difference between interest earned on interest-earning assets and interest incurred on interest-bearing liabilities. The net interest margin is calculated by dividing net interest income by average interest-earning assets. Net interest spread is the difference between the average rate earned on interest-earning assets and the average rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities. Net interest margin generally exceeds the net interest spread as a portion of interest-earning assets are funded by various noninterest-bearing sources (primarily noninterest-bearing deposits and shareholders equity). The increases (decreases) in the components of interest income and interest expense, expressed in terms of fluctuation in average volume and rate, are summarized in the Rate/Volume Analysis
tables shown on pages 26 and 31. Information as to the components of interest income and interest expense and average rates is provided under Average Balances, Yields and Costs on pages 25 and 30.
Because the Companys assets are not identical in duration and in repricing dates to its liabilities, the spread between the two is vulnerable to changes in market interest rates as well as the overall shape of the yield curve. These vulnerabilities are inherent to the business of banking and are commonly referred to as interest rate risk. How to measure interest rate risk and, once measured, how much risk to take are based on numerous assumptions and other subjective judgments. See also discussion under Interest Rate Risk on page 35.
The quality of the Companys assets also influences its earnings. Loans and leases that are not being paid on a timely basis and exhibit other weaknesses can result in the loss of principal and/or interest income. Additionally, the Company must make timely provisions to its allowance for loan and lease losses as a result of its estimates as to probable losses inherent in the portfolio; these additions, which are charged against earnings, are necessarily greater when greater probable losses are expected. Finally, the Company will incur expenses as a result of resolving troubled assets. All of these form the credit risk that the Company takes on in the ordinary course of its business and is further discussed under Financial Condition Asset Quality on page 19.
The Companys business strategy has been to concentrate its asset generation efforts on commercial and consumer loans and its deposit generation efforts on checking and savings accounts. These deposit accounts are commonly referred to as core deposit accounts. This strategy is based on the Companys belief that it can distinguish itself from its larger competitors, and indeed attract customers from them, through a higher level of service and through its ability to set policies and procedures, as well as make decisions, locally. The loan and deposit products referenced also tend to be geared more toward customers who are relationship oriented than those who are seeking stand-alone or single transaction products. The Company believes that its service-oriented approach enables it to compete successfully for relationship-oriented customers. Additionally, the Company is predominantly an urban franchise with a high concentration of businesses making deployment of funds in the commercial lending area practicable. Commercial loans are attractive, among other reasons, because of their higher yields. Similarly, core deposits are attractive because of their generally lower interest cost and potential for fee income.
In recent years, the Company also has sought to leverage business opportunities presented by its customer base, franchise footprint and resources. In 2005, the Bank formed a private banking division and completed the Banks first acquisition, acquiring the operations of an equipment leasing company located in Long Island, New York (Macrolease). The Bank is using the Macrolease platform to increase its portfolio of equipment leases, as well as generating additional income by originating equipment leases for third parties. The Company also has introduced Macrolease to the Banks commercial customers, thereby expanding the Banks product offerings.
The deposit market in Rhode Island is highly concentrated. The States three largest banks have an aggregate market share of approximately 85% in Providence and Kent Counties, the Banks primary marketplace (based upon June 2005 FDIC statistics, excluding one bank that draws its deposits primarily from the internet). Competition for loans and deposits has remained intense during the past few years. This competition has most recently resulted in an increase in competitors advertising and promotional product offerings in print and television media, as well as direct mailings.
For the six months ended June 30, 2006, approximately 80.7% of the Companys revenues (defined as net interest income plus noninterest income) are derived from its level of net interest income. In a continuing effort to diversify its sources of revenue, the Company has attempted to expand its sources of noninterest income (primarily fees and charges for products and services the Bank offers). The Company has increased its percentage of noninterest income to total revenue from 12.0% in 2000, to 17.8% in 2005.
Consistent with recent periods, the primary sources of noninterest income for the Company are service charges on deposit accounts, commissions on nondeposit investment products and loan related fees.
The future operating results of the Company will again depend on its ability to maintain and expand its net interest margin, while minimizing its exposure to credit risk, along with increasing its sources of noninterest income, and controlling the growth of noninterest or operating expenses.
Financial Condition Executive Summary
Selected balance sheet data is presented in the table below as of the dates indicated:
Total assets increased by over $24 million since December 31, 2005. During the current quarter, the Bank experienced significant growth in commercial loans, with an overall net increase in total loans and leases receivable of $46.0 million, or 4.8%, since the prior year-end. The available for sale security portfolio decreased by $22.1 million as the proceeds from maturities of generally lower-yielding mortgage-backed securities are being redeployed into higher-yielding commercial and consumer loans. During the second quarter, the Bank experienced an increase in deposits, rebounding $36.4 million from the decrease experienced in the first quarter of 2006. By June 30, 2006, total deposits had exceeded the prior year-end level by $11.5 million. Borrowings remained $14.4 million higher than December 31, 2005, but were constant with first quarter borrowing levels. Also, the deposit mix has remained approximately the same since December 31, 2005, as the core deposits as a percentage of total deposits (core deposit ratio) has held at approximately 64%. Consumers continue to indicate a preference for higher-yielding term deposits (also referred to as certificates of deposit or CDs) in this rate environment. Additionally, competitive market forces and rising rates have resulted in upward repricing of savings account products. These two factors have contributed to higher costs and compression in the net interest margin. Shareholders equity as a percentage of total assets was approximately the same at June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005 at 7.1% and 7.3%, respectively.
The Companys financial position at June 30, 2006 as compared to the prior year quarter-end (June 30, 2005) reflects net growth of over $70 million in loans and leases. This increase also reflects the continuing conversion of the balance sheet with increases in commercial loans and leases of $52.9 million (up 12.2%) and consumer loans of $36.5 million (up 19.6%). The residential mortgage portfolio (consisting primarily of purchased mortgages) has decreased $18.2 million (down 5.9%) since June 30, 2005. In addition, deposits were up $58.5 million, or 6.3%, since the prior year quarter-end. This deposit growth was largely centered in certificates of deposit (up $57.3 million). Increases in savings balances of $19.3 million were largely offset by declines in other core deposit accounts. On a net basis, core deposits remained stable, with a moderate increase of $1.2 million, or 0.2%. Available for sale securities remained constant with prior year quarter-end balances. Shareholders equity as a percentage of total assets at June 30, 2006 at 7.1% decreased from 7.5% at June 30, 2005.
Financial Condition Detailed Analysis
Total investments consists of available for sale securities (investment securities and mortgage-backed securities (MBSs)), stock in the FHLB and overnight investments. Total investments comprised $385.6 million, or 26.3% of total assets, at June 30, 2006, compared to $412.2 million, or 28.6% of total assets, at December 31, 2005, representing a decrease of $26.6 million or 6.5%. All $363.7 million of investment securities and MBSs at June 30, 2006 were classified as available for sale and carried a total of $10.7 million in net unrealized losses at the end of the quarter. The decrease in total investments reflects the Companys continued strategy of targeting growth of internally generated assets, such as commercial and consumer loans. During the first six months of the year, $8.0 million of available for sale securities were purchased, while maturities and principal repayments totaled $24.2 million. The current interest rate environment has made wholesale purchases of assets, such as MBSs, supported by new wholesale borrowings less attractive than retirement of existing wholesale borrowings or deployment of available funds into internally generated assets.
Total loans and leases were $996.8 million, or 68.0% of total assets, at June 30, 2006, compared to $950.8 million, or 65.9% of total assets, at December 31, 2005. The Company attempts to concentrate its asset growth in its loan and lease portfolios to maximize the yield on new assets and to take advantage of demand for both commercial and home equity loan products in its market area.
Commercial loans and leases The commercial loan and lease portfolio (consisting of commercial real estate, commercial and industrial, equipment leases, multi-family real estate, construction and small business loans) increased $47.8 million, or 10.9%, during the first six months of 2006. The Banks commercial lending function is organized into three groups.
The business lending group originates business loans, also sometimes referred to as commercial and industrial loans, including owner-occupied commercial real estate loans, term loans, revolving lines of credit and equipment leases (through the Banks new subsidiary, Macrolease). Through the business lending group, the Bank offers asset-based lending against receivables, inventory and equipment on a formula basis. In the first six months of 2006, the majority of the Banks commercial lending growth occurred within the business lending portfolio. Owner-occupied commercial real estate loans increased $18.8 million, or 16.6%, since year-end, while commercial and industrial loans are up $14.4 million, or 19.6% during the same time period.
The commercial real estate (CRE) group originates nonowner-occupied commercial real estate, multi-family residential real estate and construction loans. These real estate secured commercial loans are offered as both fixed and adjustable-rate products. The bulk of the Banks growth in the CRE portfolio has occurred in multi-family loans, which are up $4.4 million, or 13.0%, since December 31, 2005.
The small business group originates a variety of real estate and non-real estate loans for business lending relationships of approximately $250,000 or less. With small business lending, the Bank utilizes credit scoring, in conjunction with traditional review standards, and employs streamlined documentation. During the first six months of 2006, small business activity remained robust, with over $9.8 million in new originations. Small business loans have remained relatively constant as a percentage of the Banks commercial loan and lease portfolio with 8.4% at June 30, 2006, as compared to 8.9% at December 31, 2005.
The Bank is a participant in the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) Preferred Lender Program in both Rhode Island and Massachusetts. SBA guaranteed loans are found throughout the portfolios managed by the three commercial lending groups.
The Bank historically has purchased equipment leases from originators outside of the Bank. The U.S. Government and its agencies are the principal lessees on the vast majority of these leases. These government leases generally have maturities of five years or less and are not dependent on residual collateral values. With the Macrolease platform, the Bank is now originating equipment leases for its own portfolio, as well as originating leases for third parties as a new source of noninterest income. At June 30, 2006, leases comprised 10.9% of the commercial loan and lease portfolio, with $23.7 million of government leases and $29.4 million of Macrolease-generated leases.
The Company believes it is well positioned for continued commercial growth. The Bank places particular emphasis on generation of small- to medium-sized commercial relationships (those relationships with $10 million or less in total loan commitments).
Consumer loans The consumer loan portfolio increased $15.7 million, or 7.6%, during the first six months of 2006. This growth was centered in home equity term loans with maximum loan-to-values of 85%. The Company believes that these ten- to twenty-year fixed-rate products, along with the floating lines of credit, possess attractive cash flow characteristics in the current interest rate environment and the Company anticipates that growth in these products will continue.
Residential mortgage loans During the first six months of 2006, residential mortgage loans decreased $17.5 million, or 5.7%, as repayments ($28.6 million) exceeded total purchases ($5.6 million) and originations ($5.6 million). Since inception, the Bank has concentrated its portfolio lending efforts on commercial and consumer lending opportunities, but originates mortgage loans for its own portfolio on a limited basis. The Bank does not employ any outside mortgage originators, but periodically purchases residential mortgage loans from third-party originators. Until such time as the Bank can originate sufficient commercial and consumer loans to utilize available cash flow, the Bank may purchase residential mortgage loans as opportunities arise. At June 30, 2006, the Bank did not have commitments to purchase residential mortgage loans within the next 60 days.
The following is a breakdown of loans and leases receivable:
Total deposits increased by $11.5 million, or 1.2%, during the first six months of 2006, from $981.0 million, or 68.0% of total assets, at December 31, 2005, to $992.5 million, or 67.7% of total assets, at June 30, 2006.
The following table sets forth certain information regarding deposits:
The overall composition of total deposits remained relatively the same during the first six months of the year. At June 30, 2006, core deposit accounts comprised 63.7% of total deposits, compared to 64.0% of total deposits at December 31, 2005. The Bank continues its strategy of emphasizing the normally lower cost core deposits over certificates of deposit. However, during the past six months, the Bank has also offered higher-yielding savings accounts in an effort to retain and attract deposits. In addition, demand for CDs remained strong, as it had during the majority of 2005.
Despite the competitive rate and deposit gathering environment, deposits increased as compared to December 31, 2005. Savings accounts grew $10.6 million over the past six months. Demand deposit accounts returned to the $185 million level, similar to December 31, 2005, recovering from the seasonal decline experienced during the first quarter of 2006. Small dollar balance decreases in NOW and money market accounts ($6.4 million in the aggregate) were offset by a net increase of $7.4 million in CDs. Included within CD balances at June 30, 2006, were $10.0 million of brokered CDs. The Bank may increase the use of brokered CDs if their rates are attractive compared to wholesale funding.
Overnight and short-term borrowings increased $16.9 million during the first six months of 2006 as compared to the December 31, 2005 amount of $26.2 million. Over the past three months, the Banks customers have increased their utilization of the Banks cash management product suite. The increase in short-term borrowings has enabled the Bank to marginally reduce the amount of long-term borrowings, with an overall decrease of $2.5 million. Decreases in FHLB borrowings occurred largely during the second quarter, with a quarterly decline of $15.9 million, or 5.4%. The Company, through the Banks membership in the FHLB, has access to a number of different funding structures. Wholesale repurchase agreements remained constant with the December 31, 2005 level of $20.0 million. The Bank may utilize wholesale repurchase agreement funding in the future if spreads are favorable compared to FHLB borrowings.
On a long-term basis, the Company intends to continue concentrating on increasing its core deposits, but will utilize FHLB borrowings or wholesale repurchase agreements as cash flows dictate, as opportunities present themselves and as part of the Banks overall strategy to manage interest rate risk.
The definition of nonperforming assets includes nonperforming loans and Other real estate owned (OREO). OREO consists of real estate acquired through foreclosure proceedings and real estate acquired through acceptance of a deed in lieu of foreclosure. Nonperforming loans are defined as nonaccrual loans,
loans past due 90 days or more, but still accruing and impaired loans. Under certain circumstances the Company may restructure the terms of a loan as a concession to a borrower. These restructured loans are generally considered impaired loans.
Nonperforming assets At June 30, 2006, the Company had nonperforming assets of $3.4 million, which represented 0.23% of total assets. This compares to nonperforming assets of $415,000, or 0.03% of total assets, at December 31, 2005. Total nonperforming assets at June 30, 2006 consisted of nonaccrual loans: commercial loans aggregating $2.4 million and residential mortgage loans aggregating $1.0 million. The Bank believes it is well-secured in both its commercial and residential credits as the underlying real estate collateral values exceed the value of the loans. Nonperforming assets at December 31, 2005 were primarily comprised of nonaccrual commercial and residential loans. The increase in nonperforming loans relates primarily to one commercial and a few residential credits.
Included within nonaccrual loans were $2.3 million of impaired loans at June 30, 2006. Management believes the Bank is well secured in its impaired loans at June 30, 2006 and has not specifically reserved for these credits. Included within nonaccrual loans at December 31, 2005 were $141,000 of impaired loans at December 31, 2005, for which the Bank had specific reserves of $71,000 at December 31, 2005.
The Company evaluates the underlying collateral of each nonperforming loan and continues to pursue the collection of interest and principal. Management believes that the current level of nonperforming assets remains low relative to the size of the Companys loan portfolio. As the loan portfolio continues to grow and mature, or if economic conditions worsen, management believes it possible that the level of nonperforming assets will increase, as will its level of charged-off loans.
Delinquencies At June 30, 2006, loan balances of $134,000 were 60 to 89 days past due, down slightly from $299,000 at December 31, 2005.
The following table sets forth information regarding nonperforming assets and loans 60-89 days past due as to interest at the dates indicated.
Adversely classified assets The Companys management adversely classifies certain assets as substandard, doubtful or loss based on criteria established under banking regulations. An asset is considered substandard if inadequately protected by the current net worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any. Substandard assets include those characterized by the distinct possibility that the insured institution will sustain some loss if existing deficiencies are not corrected. Assets classified as doubtful have all of the weaknesses inherent in those classified substandard with the added characteristic that the weaknesses present make collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions and values, highly questionable and improbable. Assets classified as
loss are those considered uncollectible and of such little value that their continuance as assets without the establishment of a specific loss reserve is not warranted.
At June 30, 2006, the Company had $6.6 million of assets that were classified as substandard. This compares to $6.8 million of assets that were classified as substandard at December 31, 2005. The Company had no assets that were classified as doubtful or loss at either date. Performing loans may or may not be adversely classified depending upon management's judgment with respect to each individual loan. At June 30, 2006, included in the assets that were classified as substandard were $3.2 million of performing loans. This compares to $6.4 million of adversely classified performing loans as of December 31, 2005. These amounts constitute assets that, in the opinion of management, could potentially migrate to nonperforming or doubtful status. Management believes that the June 30, 2006 level of adversely classified assets is low relative to the size of the Companys loan and lease portfolio. If a significant downturn in the local or regional real estate market occurs or if other economic or market conditions worsen, management believes it possible that the level of adversely classified assets will increase. This in turn may necessitate an increase to the provision for loan losses in future periods.
During the first six months of 2006, the Company made provisions to the allowance for loan and lease losses totaling $740,000 and had $446,000 of net charge-offs, bringing the balance in the allowance to $12.5 million, compared to $12.2 million at December 31, 2005. The net charge-offs were primarily small business loans. The allowance expressed as a percentage of total loans was 1.25% as of June 30, 2006, a decrease from the prior year-end allowance as a percentage of total loans of 1.28%. Expressed as a percentage of nonperforming loans, the allowance stood at 368% as of June 30, 2006, compared to 2,932% at December 31, 2005.
Assessing the appropriateness of the allowance for loan and lease losses involves substantial uncertainties and is based upon managements evaluation of the amounts required to meet estimated charge-offs in the loan portfolio after weighing various factors. Managements methodology to estimate loss exposure includes an analysis of individual loans deemed to be impaired, reserve allocations for various loan types based on payment status or loss experience and an unallocated allowance that is maintained based on managements assessment of many factors including the growth, composition and quality of the loan portfolio, historical loss experiences, general economic conditions and other pertinent factors. Based on this evaluation, management believes that the allowance for loan and lease losses, as of June 30, 2006, is appropriate.
A portion of the allowance for loan and lease losses is not allocated to any specific segment of the loan portfolio. This non-specific allowance is maintained as there exists an inherent subjectivity and imprecision to the analytical processes employed. Management, therefore, has established and maintains a non-specific allowance for loan and lease losses. The amount of this measurement imprecision allocation at June 30, 2006 was the same as the December 31, 2005 amount of $1.1 million.
While management evaluates currently available information in establishing the allowance for loan and lease losses, future adjustments to the allowance may be necessary if conditions differ substantially from the assumptions used in making the evaluations. In addition, various regulatory agencies, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review a financial institutions allowance for loan and lease losses and carrying amounts of other real estate owned. Such agencies may require the financial institution to recognize additions to the allowance based on their judgments about information available to them at the time of their examination.
Results of Operations Executive Overview
Selected income statement and per share data and operating ratios are presented in the table below for the three month periods indicated:
The Company reported 2006 second quarter net income of $2.0 million, up $481,000, or 31.5%, from the prior quarter (three months ended March 31, 2006). However, net income was down $454,000, or 18.5%, on a comparative quarter basis (as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2005). Diluted earnings per common share (EPS) changed in a similar fashion as EPS increased 32.3% on a linked-quarter basis (as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2006), but decreased 21.2% as compared to the same quarter a year ago.
The Companys second quarter GAAP earnings and GAAP EPS were affected by the FHLBs recent change in the timing of its dividend payments to member banks. The FHLB amended its dividend schedule and deferred the declaration of its normal dividend. As a result, the Bank was not able to recognize income related to its investment for the second quarter of 2006. For comparison purposes, the dividend recorded in first quarter of 2006 was $211,000 before taxes. On a pro forma basis, earnings and EPS would have been $2.1 million and $0.44 per share, respectively, assuming the same amount of dividends received in the prior quarter. The FHLB, which is implementing this change in the second and third quarters of 2006, has indicated member banks should expect to receive the equivalent of four quarterly dividends during 2006. However, the amount of dividends the Company will receive in 2006 on its investment in the FHLB has yet to be determined by the FHLB.
Net income for the prior quarter included a non-recurring pretax loss on a note receivable of $868,000. Excluding this non-recurring item, net income for the first quarter of 2006 would have been $2.1 million, with EPS of $0.43 per share. See also discussion under Noninterest expense on pages 32-33.
To provide more meaningful analysis regarding the Company's results, the following tables set forth certain information relating to the reconciliation of GAAP net income, EPS and related operating ratios to pro forma amounts as described above.
On a pro forma basis, net income and EPS increased by $54,000 (up 2.6%) and $0.01 per share (up 2.3%), respectively, as compared to the first quarter of 2006. The increase in net income and EPS came largely in noninterest income and noninterest expense as the net interest margin decreased by 18 basis points (bps) quarter-to-quarter. Deposit and borrowing costs increased by more than $1 million and exceeded the growth in loan and investment income of $578,000 (excluding the FHLB dividend).
The current quarters net interest margin declined as compared to the second quarter of 2005 primarily as a result of higher deposit and borrowing costs, which reflect the impact of the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) raising interest rates eight consecutive times during the 12 months ended June 30, 2006, with an aggregate rate increase of 200 bps. The Companys yield on interest-bearing assets increased 45 bps as compared to the second quarter of 2005, while the cost of liabilities increased 90 bps. Despite the increase in short-term rates, the Company has not been able to add new assets at a similar rate of increase, due in large part to the flat-to-inverted yield curve that has prevailed during the past year. In addition to interest rates rising during 2006, the cost of funds was also impacted by the growth in CD balances and intense competition for deposits in the Companys market area.
The Company has seen growth in its noninterest income as compared to both the first quarter of 2006 and the second quarter of 2005. Loan related fees are higher compared to the prior quarter and this quarter one year ago (up $130,000 and $118,000, respectively), due to an increase in prepayment penalties. Growth also occurred in service charges on deposit accounts, with increases of $75,000 and $110,000 on a linked-quarter and comparative quarter basis. Additionally, customers are increasingly utilizing the Companys cash management product suite, with additional fees generated by higher investment sweep activity. Finally, the addition of Macrolease in May 2005 is generating new sources of fee income for the
Bank, with an increase on commissions on leases originated for third parties of $87,000 on a linked-quarter basis and $25,000 on a comparative quarter basis.
On a pro forma basis (excluding the non-recurring loss on a note receivable), noninterest expenses decreased approximately 2% (down $203,000) during the current quarter compared to the first quarter of 2006. Salaries and benefits decreased by approximately 6%, reflecting several unfilled positions, normal timing differences in benefits and signing bonuses paid out during the first quarter of 2006. Overall, salaries and benefits are up by approximately 7% as compared to the second quarter of 2005, which is reflective of the additions of Macrolease and the Banks private banking division in May 2005, as well as normal employee salary increases. Marketing costs are higher than the first quarter of 2006 as a result of increased media exposure and customer event sponsorship. Marketing costs typically trend higher in the second quarter of the year as compared to the first quarter due to the usual timing of marketing campaigns. Professional services costs were $97,000 higher than the first quarter, but flat as compared to the 2005 second quarter, reflecting the commissions associated with the sale of Rhode Island historic tax credits. Finally, loan workout expense returned to normal levels during the second quarter of 2006.
Excluding the two pro forma adjustments noted above, the Companys key operating ratios (return on average assets, return on average equity, and efficiency ratio) for the second quarter of 2006 represented a moderate improvement over the first quarter of 2006. This improvement was the result of additional fee income and reduced noninterest expenses. However, the Company continues to be negatively impacted by the continued compression of the net interest margin. During the latter portion of the year and into 2007, the Company plans to capitalize upon some of the efficiencies identified during its ongoing operational process review in an effort to improve the Companys operating performance.
Results of Operations Comparison of the Three Months Ended June 30, 2006 and 2005
For the quarter ended June 30, 2006, net interest income was $10.3 million, compared to $10.8 million for the 2005 period. The net interest margin for the second quarter of 2006 of 3.01% was down from the net interest margin for the 2005 period of 3.40%. The decrease in net interest income of $441,000, or 4.1%, and margin decrease of 39 bps was attributable primarily to the compression of the yield curve, as well as the growth of CD balances and competitive pressures in our market area. The lack of a dividend from the FHLB did negatively impact the current quarters margin by 6 bps. Average earning assets were $104.9 million, or 8.3%, higher, and average interest-bearing liabilities were $90.9 million, or 8.6%, higher, than the comparable period a year earlier.
Average Balances, Yields and Costs The following table sets forth certain information relating to the Companys average balance sheet and reflects the average yield on assets and average cost of liabilities for the three month periods indicated. Such yields and costs are derived by dividing income or expense by the average balance of assets or liabilities. Average balances are derived from daily balances and include nonperforming loans.