Bank of India (BSE: 532149) is one of the oldest government-owned (64.47%) commercial banks in India. It is the sixth largest Bank in terms of balance sheet size with an asset base of over Rs. 2,255 billion at the end of the FY2009. Over the last decade, the bank has built up strong brand equity in the field of corporate credit, export finance, forex and customer service. Like any other public bank, the Bank of India operates according to a conservative risk philosophy with total corporate advances constituting 49% of its total advances portfolio as of 31st March, 2009. The bank reduced its net non-performing assets (NPAs) to 0.44% in FY09 from 0.52% in FY08. Even in the challenging 2009 fiscal year, the bank pegged 30.42% return on equity (ROE), which is the highest among other banks compared to an industry average of 20% for public sectors unit (PSU) banks and 15% for private banks..
Bank of India is one among the few public sector banks that have significant foreign operations through 28 branches. In FY2009, 17.82% of its total business came from foreign operations. In when time when other large foreign banks are struggling, the bank’s overseas business grew by over 24% compared to 14% in FY2008.
As of March 31, 2010, Bank of India had presence at 29 locations in 18 countries across four continents. The Bank has 3101 branches in India spread over all states and union territories including 141 specialized branches. These branches are controlled through 48 zonal offices. The bank has one joint venture bank in Zambia and subsidiaries in Tanzania and Indonesia.
As of 31st March, 2009, the Bank had over 3021 branches spread all over India including 28 foreign branches/representative in 13 countries, spanning all time zones. Moreover, It has implemented Core Banking Solutions (CBS) across all its branches in India which allows the bank to offer anywhere banking to its customers
Results for Quarter Ended June 2010
During the quarter, Bank of India's total business reached Rs. 410,493 crore, representing year-on-year growth of 20%. Deposits stood at Rs. 233,668 crore. Current Account Savings Account (CASA) improved to 33% from 32% year-over-year, and advances totaled Rs. 176,825 crore.
The bank's operating profit increased from Rs. 1,094 crore in June 2009 to Rs. 1,411 crore in June 2010. Net Interest Margin improved from 2.42% in June 2009 to 2.89%. Gross non-performing assets declined from Rs. 4883 crore in March 2010 to Rs. 4795 crore. The bank's provision coverage ratio improved from 65.51% in March 2010 to 68.32% in June.
|Key Financial Metrics (in Billions INR)||2005||2006||2007||2008||2009|
|Total Interest Income||60.32||70.29||89.36||123.55||163.47|
|Non - Interest Income||11.56||11.84||15.63||21.17||30.52|
|Net Interest Income||22.37||26.32||34.4||42.29||54.99|
|Cost Income ratio||56.95%||55.43%||52.13%||41.68%||36.18%|
|Return on Average Assets (%)||0.38%||0.68%||0.88%||1.25%||1.49%|
Source : Company Reports
Fiscal 2009 Results
In FY2009, Bank of India earned total revenue of Rs. 194 billion, an increase of 34% year on year (y-o-y) from Rs. 144.75 billion in FY2008 driven by strong corporate and agriculture advances growth. In the period between FY05 to FY09, total revenue of the Bank increased from Rs. 72 billion to Rs. 194 billion, at a CAGR of 28.10%. This was a result of the growth in both Total Interest Income and Non Interest Income which grew at a CAGR of 25.20% and 27.50% respectively. In FY09, 84.30% of the total revenue came from gross interest, and another 15.70% from non-interest income. Fee income growth has slowed down to 23.40% in 4Q09 from 40.50% achieved in the 3Q2009 largely due to decreased business from corporates, as well as third party distribution. Due to the fall in bond yields of 10-year G-Securities, the Bank booked a healthy profit on its bond portfolio.
At the end of the FY2009, Bank of India had total assets of Rs. 2,255.02 billion, which has grown at a CAGR of 23.70% between FY05-09 driven by growth in current account and savings account (CASA) deposit. During 2008-09, total global business mix increased by 26.30% y-o-y to Rs. 3344.40 billion, fueled by growth in its domestic as well as foreign business activities. Current and savings accounts deposits to its aggregate deposits decreased to 31% in FY09 from 36% in FY08 and has put some pressure on expansion of interest margin, with savings accounts deposits growing by 14.27%, while current deposits declined 2.48% y-o-y in FY2009. Deposit collection from overseas segment has shown a good rebound increasing by 23% IN 4Q09 against decline of 2% in 4Q2008.Total advances grew 26.1% y-o-y to Rs 1,447 billion. Advance growth is healthy and is above industry growth; however it has significantly slowed down from its earlier quarter of 32% (3Q09).
Due to its tactful operational management, the bank has done well in reducing its cost to income ratio to 36.20% in FY2009 from 41.50% in 2008, which made them to achieve net income growth of 49.07%.When other large nationalised banks saw moderate increase in Net Interest Margin (NIM), Bank of India saw an muted increase in its NIM's to 2.97% in FY2009 from 2.95% in FY2008 due to significant rise its cost of fund by 30 bps to 5.37% in FY2009 compared to FY2008.
The Company operates in three business segments: Treasury Operations, Wholesale Banking Operations and Retail Banking Operations. Treasury Operations includes the entire investment portfolio, which include dealing in government and other securities, money market operations and foreign exchange (Forex) operations. Wholesale Banking includes all advances, which are not included under Retail Banking. Retail Banking includes exposures which fulfill two criteria: exposure - the maximum aggregate exposure up to rupees five crore and the total annual turnover is less than rupees 50 crore.
In FY09, the Wholesale banking contributed the highest revenue as well as operating income to the total revenue.The Wholesale bank provides services such as working capital finance, trade services, transactional services, cash management to large, mid & small sized corporates and agri-based businesses.In FY09, Total Revenues from wholesale banking grew by 86.20% to Rs. 80.62 billion compared to Rs. 43.28 billion in FY08. Total advances to large corporate entities were increased to 562.28 billion, an increase of 34.70% from FY08. Total advances to Small and medium enterprises (SME) also grew by 24.71%, to Rs. 254.41 billion. Both SME and corporate advances of the bank consist of over 70% of the Bank’s total advances portfolio. Operating profit from this segment rose over 310% to Rs. 31.20 billion in FY2009, from 7.61 billion in FY2008.
The bank offers residential mortgages loans, business mortgage loans, auto finance, educational loans among other types of loans. In the FY2009, retail banking revenue of the Bank decreased by 5% to Rs. 60.33 billion and made up for over 31% of the bank’s total revenue. However Its operating profit decreased by 48% to Rs. 10.45 billion, compared to Rs. 20.06 billion in FY08.
At the end of the FY2009, total retail advances portfolio stood at Rs. 174.01 billion, which was up by 6.84% from 162.87 in FY2008 and constituted over 15% of total advances at that date. Retail advances segment growth has slowed down considerably due to reduction in commercial real estate exposure by over 27% y-o-y. In general the bank is consistently improving its lending activities towards Auto Financing and Educational Loans which have grown by 50% and 30.50% respectively in FY2009.
The bank’s treasury operations include dealing in government and other securities, money market Operations and Forex Operations. In FY2009, Treasury operations revenue of the Bank increased by 39% to Rs. 52.36 billion, from Rs. 37.77 billion in 2008.Operating profit from treasury operation grew over 70% from Rs. 3.25 billion in FY2008, to Rs. 5.51 billion in FY2009.
Revenue from other banking operations increased by 17% to Rs. 88.11 billion in FY2009, from Rs. 75.17 billion recorded in FY2008. However, Operating loss from other banking businesses declined by 35.63% to Rs. 5.52 billion in FY2009, from Rs.4.07 billion in FY2008.
The Bank has a public holding (other than promoters) of 35.53%, including 14.33% held by foreign institutional investors. As of March 31, 2009, promoter shareholding in the bank was 64.47%.
PSU banks come under the purview of RBI and they have to follow the diktat of the RBI closely. This has resulted in the banks being conservative in their lending, which many had criticized for the slow growth of the Govt. banks during the boom period of 2005-2008 compared to the private banks.In the past, Private and foreign banks advances growth has outpaced the growth by PSB's, Deposits of private sector banks grew at a CAGR of 26% during FY04 – FY08, as against an overall CAGR growth of 20.5% by all SCBs. Advances of private sector banks grew at a CAGR of 32% as compared to a CAGR of 30.1% by all SCBs for the same period. In hindsight, sticking to the RBI norms has helped the PSU banks in having a good quality loan book and easing pressure on their loan book compared to their private peers. In fact, for the fiscal year till March 27, 2009 PSU banks managed to grow their loan book at 20.4% over the previous year compared to 10.9% for private banks and 4% for foreign bank. Bank of India on its part grew faster than the industry at 26.08%.
With rising defaults due to a slowing economy, Govt. banks have stepped up their NPA management. The PSU banks have been closely monitoring its loan book and restructuring them to prevent NPA from going out of control. In 2008-09, some of the largest private banks have seen their gross non-performing assets as a proportion to their gross advances going up by 21-100 basis points largely due to higher exposure to retail lendings. ICICI Bank has seen the sharpest increase in its gross non-performing asset (GNPA) proportion, more than one percentage point to 4.33%. In contrast to the rising trend in private banks’ NPAs, leading government-owned banks in fact showed fall in gross NPA proportion. Oriental Bank of Commerce has seen the sharpest decline in gross NPA (fall of 78 bps to 1.53%). A higher exposure to corporate credit and more conservative lending during a booming economy may have aided lower NPAs for some of these banks. Under the able guidance of RBI, these banks have decentralized their credit and recovery team and this has helped these banks in proper monitoring of accounts and keeping NPAs at low levels. Bank of India on its part had decentralized the credit management system to ensure efficiency and effective monitoring. In 4QFY09, Bank of India proactively restructured 3.6% of loans. This, the bank believes will enable it to manage the risks of default better. Bank of India’s overall NPAs are much lower than the industry. As of March 2009, the bank had Net NPAs of 0.44% down 8bps from 0.52% as of March 2008.
PSU Banks are excessively dependent on the interest income and constitues as much as 82-90% of their total income as compared to 60-70% earned by Private players. This has increased competition pressure at the time when there is increased uncertainty in interest rate. Fee based income, a constituent of non interest income, of private sector banks grew at a CAGR of 45% between FY04 – FY08, outperforming its foreign and public sector peers whose fee based income grew at a CAGR of 35% and 18% respectively for the same period. With the increase in the competition, Over the last couple of years, fee based services have been an area of focus for private banks, which have looked to increase their presence in areas like investment banking and M&A deals, services.  Bank of India, on its part has introduced a host of consumer friendly services like, bill pay, air and rail ticket booking, e-remittance, online share trading to name a few.  Also, Keeping future growth in mind the bank has entered into a joint ventures for its insurance business, acquired an Indonesian Bank and made strategic investments in MCX (Leading commodity exchange), ASREC (Asset Reconstruction Company) and CIBIL (Credit Information Bureau). 
Per RBI 2007-2008 annual data, SBI & Associates shared over 23% market share by deposits followed by the largest private sector lendor, ICICI Bank, which captured 7.36%. Bank of India Placed sixth with 4.52% of total deposits as of 31st March, 2008.