Bankstocks.com  Jul 18  Comment 
Bloomberg: Citigroup Chooses Frankfurt as New European Trading Hub Philadelphia Inquirer: The plan to make chip credit cards less annoying New York Times: Bank of New…
New York Times  Jul 17  Comment 
Charles Scharf will join the bank as chief executive immediately and assume the chairman’s role in January after Gerald Hassell’s retirement.
MarketWatch  Jul 17  Comment 
The Bank of New York Mellon Corp. said Monday it has appointed Charles Scharf as chief executive, effective immediately. Sharf was most recently CEO of Visa Inc. from October 2012 through December 2016. He will become chairman of the board...
Forbes  Jul 12  Comment 
If you don’t yet associate Jane Austen and Wallace Stevens with finance, then you clearly haven’t read Mihir Desai’s new book, "The Wisdom of Finance: Discovering Humanity in the World of Risk and Return."
NPR  Jul 4  Comment 
State beaches and parks will be open in New Jersey — just in time for July 4 — after a $34.7 billion budget deal was reached Monday night. In Maine, a $7.1 billion deal was struck early Tuesday.
Mondo Visione  Jun 27  Comment 
The Federal Reserve Board on Tuesday announced a $3 million fine against Bank of New York Mellon Corporation (BNY Mellon) for unsafe and unsound practices after the firm improperly assigned a lower risk weighting to a portfolio of assets, reducing...
Wall Street Journal  Jun 20  Comment 
Custody banks like Bank of New York Mellon and State Street would benefit from Trump’s deregulation plans.


Bank of New York Mellon (NYSE: BK) is a provider of financial services for institutions, corporations and individuals. Bank of New York Mellon is the result of the July 1, 2007 merger of Bank of New York and Mellon Financial. The merger was recorded as a purchase of Mellon by Bank of New York for $17 billion.

Bank of New York Mellon provides its clients with asset and wealth management, asset servicing, issuer services, clearing and execution services, and treasury services in over 100 markets by over 40,000 employees. [1]

Bank of New York Mellon combines two complementary banks: Bank of New York, known for its global securities processing, and Mellon, known for managing pension funds, mastering the tech side of that field. Bank of New York Mellon is challenged to face the practicalities of its merger, focusing on client retention and developing and exploiting synergies. It has avoided the subprime mortgage crisis but is sensitive to the crisis’ broader economics implications, including changing interest rates and the overall health of the global economy. Compared to other banks, its fee-based revenue model gives it some protection from these changing forces making it less dependent on interest rate spreads or credit quality of loans.

Business Overview

Bank of New York Mellon divides its services into six categories: asset management, asset servicing, wealth management, issuer services, treasury services, and broker dealer & advisor services.

Business & Financial Metrics[2][3]

In 2009, BK incurred a pre-tax loss of $2.21 billion on revenues of $7.69 billion. This represents a turnaround from 2008, when the company earned $1.95 billion on $13.57 in revenue.

Business Segments[2]

BK consists of seven operating segments.

  • Asset Management (30.1% of revenues): This segment runs BK's investment management boutiques and other distribution of investment management services.[4]
  • Wealth Management (10.0% of revenues): This segment offers investment management, wealth and estate planning, and private banking services for wealthy individuals, families, endowments, and foundations.[5]
  • Asset Servicing (55.4% of revenues): This segment includes foreign exchange-related services like global custody, global fund services, securities lending, and government securities clearance.[6]
  • Issuer Services (30.9% of revenues): This segment does business with global fixed income and equity issuers. IT services $12 trillion in outstanding debt in 20 countries.[7]
  • Clearing Services (19.9% of revenues): This segment runs the company's global clearing and execution businesses through Pershing, a subsidiary.[8]
  • Treasury Services (19.4% of revenues): This segment provides services related to cash management, trade financing, international payment, and capital markets.[9]
  • Other Segment (-65.8% of revenues): This segment primarily includes the company's leasing portfolio, its corporate treasury activities, its 33.8% share of BNY ConvergEx, and general corporate overhead expenses.[10]

Trends & Forces

Technology And Access to Global Markets

Bank of New York Mellon is a leader in Global securities processing, an investment sector that grew out of changed legislation and increasing access to the global economy. In the 1980s, global securities processing became important for a few US banks who were investing increasing pension fund assets. ERISA (Employees Retirement Income Security Act, 1974) stated that pension funds could legally invest in non-US assets. Concurrent developments in modern portfolio theory encouraged pension fund managers to invest globally, thus diversifying their portfolios.

Thus there was an increased demand for custodians that could collect interest and dividends from securities traded in any market and denominated in any currency. Changing standards for securities processing, encouraged by an international committee in 1989 set forth developments in electronic clearing and easy money policies that simplified and standardized global securities processing. Moreover, industrial and financial growth in Russia in the 1990s encouraged Global securities processing. In the 1990s and 2000s, technological advances have allowed for increasing access to global securities, increasing their viability as investing opportunities. Both Bank of New York and Mellon Financial were leaders in seeking foreign investments for their pension funds, with Bank of New York specializing in global securities processing and Mellon popularizing the Master Trust, or pooled investments to get wholesale rates and prices.

Interest Rates

The effects of interest rates, often thought of as the cost of borrowing money, are far reaching and affect the domestic and international economy. Businesses are particularly sensitive to interest rates because as the cost of borrowing increases, demand falls. Thus, lenders like the Bank of New York Mellon are affected by interest rates. However, unlike many commercial banks, Bank of New York Mellon’s revenue model is fee-based, meaning it is less dependent on interest rates. Between 15% and 20% of the firm’s revenue is expected to come from interest income[11], a limited but still significant portion. Like other banks, Bank of New York Mellon is highly leveraged compared with nonfinancial firms, contributing to its sensitivity to interest rates.

Effect of Merger on Customers

The merger between Bank of New York and Mellon Financial created synergies that cut operating costs and turned two players who often compete over prices into one player. However, mergers often have effects on the customers of the combined companies. While Bank of New York Mellon hopes to retain its costumers, historically costumer attrition rates have been seen as high as 10% in the State StreetDeutsche Bank merger. Further, Bank of New York had worse customer service than Mellon Financial, which will affect customer approval. Positives do exist, as customers of the combined companies now have increased access to each others’ services, meaning that custommers will be willing to invest more with Bank of New York Mellon’s increased services. Moreover, the access to these newly joined services will attract new investors to the firm.

The Yield Curve

The yield curve represents the interest rate as a function of the term of debt. Banks charge higher rates for long-term debt than short-term debt. A flat yield curve, implies very little premium for long term debt. When economic conditions force the yield curve into a flat position, banks are vulnerable as the profitability of loans is diminished. Bank of New York Mellon is less susceptible to fluctuations in the yield curve, since its fee-based revenue model is less affected by rate changes.


Citigroup (NYSE: C) Given its size and its global presence in over 100 countries, Citigroup should be Bank of New York Mellon’s biggest competitor. However, clearing, settlement and custody of securities are far more complicated than transferring cash and Citigroup seems not to be focused much on this business. While large and powerful, Citigroup but should not be seen as a major competitive threat.

J P Morgan Chase & Co. (NYSE: JPM) Chase was the first of US global custodians, and, in fact, defined the term in 1974. Since then, the bank has maintained its position as the leading global custodian until the late 1980s and early 1990s. However, like Citibank, it has many other businesses. Its swap with Bank of New York of its corporate trust asset for Bank of New York’s middle-market banking unit leads one to speculate that Chase’s current management does not value financial asset services highly. Should JP Morgan Chase’s giant lending and credit card businesses turn south, putting significant pressure on the profitability of its lending income, it is easy to imagine JPMorgan Chase selling some it its custody businesses.

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State Street Corp. NYSE: STT) Formerly a third tier New England bank, State Street transformed itself in the 1970s to one of the world’s leading securities processing banks.


  1. http://www.bnymellon.com/
  2. 2.0 2.1 BK 2009 10-K pg. 23  
  3. BK 2009 10-K pg. 24  
  4. BK 2009 10-K pg. 26  
  5. BK 2009 10-K pg. 28  
  6. BK 2009 10-K pg. 29  
  7. BK 2009 10-K pg. 31  
  8. BK 2009 10-K pg. 32  
  9. BK 2009 10-K pg. 33  
  10. BK 2009 10-K pg. 34  
  11. Morningstar report April 17, 2008
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