Bitstream DEF 14A 2008
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a)
of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
(Amendment No. )
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NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS
To Be Held May 20, 2008, 10:00 a.m.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN to the stockholders of BITSTREAM INC., a Delaware corporation (the Company), that the Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the Meeting) will be held at the Companys principal offices located at 245 First Street, 17th Floor, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142 at 10:00 a.m., Eastern Daylight Time, on May 20, 2008 for the following purposes:
1. To elect a board of five (5) directors to serve until the next Annual Meeting of Stockholders or until their respective successors are elected and qualified; and
2. To transact such other and further business as may properly come before the Meeting or any postponement or adjournment thereof.
Only stockholders of record at the close of business on April 8, 2008 are entitled to notice of and to vote at the Meeting or any adjournment thereof. The stock transfer books of the Company will not be closed.
A copy of the Companys Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2007 accompanies this notice.
By Order of the Board of Directors,
Chairman of the Board
April 18, 2008
RETURN OF PROXIES
A proxy and self-addressed envelope are enclosed for your use. Whether or not you plan to attend the Meeting, our Board of Directors requests that you execute and return your proxy in the enclosed envelope in order to secure a quorum, to avoid the expense of additional proxy solicitation and to ensure that your shares will be represented at the Meeting. Your cooperation is greatly appreciated.
245 First Street, 17th Floor
Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142
The enclosed proxy (Proxy) is solicited by the Board of Directors (the Board) of Bitstream Inc., a Delaware corporation (the Company), for use at our Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the Meeting) to be held at the our principal offices located at 245 First Street, 17th Floor, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142 on May 20, 2008, at 10:00 a.m., Eastern Daylight Time and at any adjournment or adjournments thereof. Any stockholder giving a Proxy has the power to revoke it at any time before it is voted by executing another Proxy bearing a later date or by giving written notice of revocation to the Company addressed to the Secretary prior to the Meeting or by oral or written notice at the Meeting or by voting in person by ballot at the Meeting. A stockholders attendance at the Meeting will not by itself revoke a Proxy.
The mailing address of our principal executive office is 245 First Street, 17th Floor, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, Telephone No. (617) 497-6222. The approximate date on which this proxy statement (the Proxy Statement) and form of Proxy are first being sent or given to stockholders is on or about April 18, 2008.
SOLICITATION OF PROXIES
The persons named as proxies are Charles Ying, our Chairman of the Board, and Anna M. Chagnon, our President and Chief Executive Officer. The stock represented at the Meeting by the enclosed Proxy will be voted in the manner specified by the stockholder executing the same. In the absence of specification, the shares of stock will be voted FOR the election of each of the five persons nominated by the Board to serve as directors and in the discretion of the proxies on other business which may properly come before the Meeting. The cost of preparing, assembling and mailing the Proxy, this Proxy Statement and the other material enclosed will be borne by the Company. In addition to these mailed proxy materials, our directors, officers and employees (who will receive no compensation in addition to their regular salaries) may solicit proxies in person, by telephone or by other means of communication. We will request brokerage houses, banking institutions, and other custodians, nominees and fiduciaries, with respect to shares held of record in their names
or in the names of their nominees, to forward the proxy material to the beneficial owners of such shares of stock and will reimburse them for their reasonable expenses in forwarding the proxy material.
SHARES OUTSTANDING AND VOTING RIGHTS
Only holders of record of shares of Class A Common Stock, $0.01 par value (Class A Shares or Class A Common Stock), at the close of business on April 8, 2008 (the Record Date) are entitled to vote at the Meeting, or any adjournment thereof. On the Record Date, there were 9,678,087 Class A Shares issued and outstanding, including 50,000 unvested restricted shares with voting rights. Each Class A Share is entitled to one vote on all matters to be voted upon. The presence in person or by properly executed Proxy of the holders of a majority of the issued and outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock entitled to vote at the Meeting is necessary to constitute a quorum. Directors are elected by a majority of the votes present in person or by proxy at the Meeting and voting on such proposal. The affirmative vote of a majority of the votes present in person or by proxy at the Meeting is required for the approval of any other business which may properly be brought before the Meeting or any adjournment thereof.
Stockholders of record vote at the Meeting by casting ballots (in person or by proxy), which are tabulated by a person who is appointed by the Board before the Meeting to serve as the inspector of election at the Meeting and who has executed and verified an oath of office. For purposes of determining the number of votes cast with respect to a particular matter, only those cast For or Against are included. Abstentions and broker non-votes (i.e. shares held by a broker or nominee which are represented at the Meeting, but with respect to which the broker or nominee is not empowered to vote on a particular proposal) are counted only for purposes of determining whether a quorum is present at the Meeting.
Our stock transfer books will not be closed. Stockholders who do not expect to attend the Meeting, but wish to have their shares of stock voted at the Meeting, are urged to complete, sign, date and return the enclosed Proxy as promptly as possible.
PROPOSAL NO. 1ELECTION OF DIRECTORS
Five directors are to be elected to serve until the next annual meeting of our stockholders or until the election and qualification of their respective successors. Each of the nominees named below currently serves as a director of the Company. The persons named in the accompanying Proxy intend to vote (unless authority to vote for directors is withheld in such Proxy or later revoked) all duly executed Proxies for the election to the Board of all of the nominees named below, each of whom consented to be named herein and to serve as a director if elected at the Meeting. The Board knows of no reason why any of the nominees will be unavailable or unable to serve as a director, but in the event that any nominee should become unavailable prior to the Meeting, the Proxy will be voted for a substitute nominee designated by the Board if a substitute nominee is designated. Listed below is certain information with respect to each current nominee for election as a director. For information concerning the number of shares of Class A Common Stock beneficially owned by each nominee, see Principal and Management Stockholders included elsewhere herein.
Nominees for Directors
The Companys directors and their ages as of April 12, 2008 are as follows:
George B. Beitzel has been a director of the Company since April 1989. Mr. Beitzel retired in 1987 from International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), where he held numerous positions including serving as a member of the IBM Board of Directors and Corporate Office. Mr. Beitzel currently serves on the Board of Directors of Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas, Computer Task Group, Inc., Actuate Corporation and Gevity HR, Inc.
Anna M. Chagnon has been a director of the Company since May 2003. Ms. Chagnon has served as our Chief Executive Officer since October 2003. She has also served as our President since June 2000 and as General Counsel since July 1997. She previously served as Chief Operating Officer from August 1998 to October 2003, and Chief Financial Officer from August 1998 to March 2003. From July 1997 to August 1998, she served in various positions at the Company including Vice President, Finance and Administration, Chief Financial Officer and General Counsel, and Vice President and General Counsel. She holds a Bachelor of Science degree, summa cum laude, from Northeastern University, a Juris Doctor degree from Boalt Hall School of Law of the University of California at Berkeley, and a Master of Business Administration, summa cum laude, from Babson College.
Amos Kaminski has been a director of the Company since 1985 and was Chairman of the Board from 1991 through 1996. Mr. Kaminski founded Interfid Ltd., a venture capital firm, in 1984 and has served as its President and on its Board of Directors since its formation. Mr. Kaminski is also the founder, President and Chairman of the Board of Directors of AFA Asset Services, Inc., a private real estate asset management company, and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Interfid Capital, Inc.
David G. Lubrano has been a director of the Company since 1987. Mr. Lubrano retired in 1985 from Apollo Computer Inc., a corporation engaged in manufacturing workstations, which he co-founded and where he had been a Senior Vice President of Finance and Administration, Chief Financial Officer and a director.
Charles Ying has been Chairman of the Board since April 1997. He has also served as Chief Executive Officer of the Company from May 1997 through October 2003. From January 1992 to January 1996, Mr. Ying served as Chief Executive Officer of Information International Inc., a corporation engaged in the business of designing, manufacturing and marketing computer-based systems that automate document production and publishing. Mr. Ying holds a B.S. and M.S. in Electrical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The Companys By-laws provide that the Board will be elected at the annual meeting of the stockholders, or at a special meeting of the stockholders in lieu thereof, and that all directors shall hold office until the next annual meeting of stockholders, or next special meeting of the stockholders in lieu thereof, or until their successors are chosen and qualified.
Code of Business Conduct and Ethics
We have a code of ethics that applies to our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, or persons performing similar functions. This code of ethics is incorporated in our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics that applies to all of our officers, directors, and employees. A copy of our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics is available on our website at www.bitstream.com. We intend to satisfy the SECs disclosure requirements regarding amendments to, or waivers of, the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics by posting such information on our website.
Board Committees and Meetings of the Board
The Board has a standing Audit Committee, a Compensation Committee and a Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. During the year ended December 31, 2007, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee met four times, the full Board met five times, the Compensation Committee met four times, and the Audit Committee met five times. All incumbent directors attended at least 75% of the aggregate number of the meetings of the Board and of each of the committees of the Board. Each committees charter is available through the Corporate Governance link on the Companys website at www.bitstream.com, or by sending your request in writing to the Corporate Secretary, Bitstream Inc., 245 First Street, 17th Floor, Cambridge, MA 02142-1200. Each committee conducts an annual assessment to determine whether it has sufficient information, resources and time to fulfill its obligations and whether it is performing its obligations. Under the Boards Corporate Governance Guidelines, each committee may retain experts to assist it in carrying out its responsibilities. The Board of Directors has determined that each of the members of the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, and the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee are independent as required by applicable laws and regulations, and the National Association of Securities Dealers listing standards.
The Board and executive management believe that good corporate governance is important to ensure that we are managed for the long-term benefit of our stockholders. The Board and executive management team have been reviewing and will continue to review our corporate governance policies and practices for compliance with applicable regulations and will continue to compare those policies and practices to those suggested by various authorities in corporate governance and the practices of other public companies.
The Audit Committee reviews our accounting practices, internal accounting controls and financial results and oversees the engagement of our independent registered public accountants. This committee also oversees managements performance of its responsibility for the integrity of our accounting and financial reporting and our systems of internal controls, the performance and qualifications of the independent accountants (including the independent accountants independence), and our compliance with legal and regulatory requirements. This committee establishes procedures, as required under applicable law, for the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints received by us regarding accounting, internal accounting controls and the confidential and anonymous submission by employees and others regarding questionable or possibly fraudulent actions or activities. The Board of Directors, based on the recommendation of the Audit Committee, has designated David Lubrano as the audit committee financial expert. During 2007, the members of this committee were David Lubrano, serving as Chairperson, George Beitzel and Amos Kaminski.
The Compensation Committee establishes salaries, incentives and other forms of compensation for our directors, officers and other employees. The Compensation Committee also administers our benefit plans and administers the issuance of stock options and other awards under our Stock Plans to all our employees and directors, including the members of such committee. The committee also reviews, and recommends to the full Board, the compensation and benefits for non-employee Directors. During 2007, the members of this committee were George Beitzel, serving as Chairperson, Amos Kaminski, and David Lubrano.
The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee provides oversight and guidance to the Board of Directors to ensure that the membership, structure, policies, and practices of the Board and its committees facilitate the effective exercise of the Boards role in the governance of the Company. The committee reviews and evaluates the policies and practices with respect to the size, composition, independence and functioning of the Board and its committees and reflects those policies and practices in corporate governance guidelines, and evaluates the qualifications of, and recommends to the full Board, candidates for election as Directors. During 2007, the members of this committee were Amos Kaminski, serving as Chairperson, George Beitzel, and David Lubrano.
Independence of Directors
Our Board has determined that the majority of the Board is comprised of independent directors within the meaning of applicable NASDAQ listing standards applicable to Board composition and Section 301 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Our independent directors are: Mr. Beitzel, Mr. Kaminski, and Mr. Lubrano. There are no family relationships among any of the executive officers or directors of the Company.
Shareholder Communications with Directors
A shareholder who wishes to communicate directly with the Board, a committee of the Board or with an individual Director, should send the communication to:
Attn: Board of Directors [or committee name or Directors name, as appropriate]
245 First Street, 17th Floor
Cambridge, MA 02142-1200
Bitstream will forward all shareholder correspondence concerning the Company to the Board, committee or individual Director, as appropriate. This process has been approved by the independent Directors of Bitstream.
Nomination of Candidates for Director
When evaluating potential candidates for directors, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee (the Nominating Committee) considers individuals recommended by members of the Nominating Committee, other Directors, members of management, and shareholders or self-nominated individuals. This Nominating Committee is advised of all nominations that are submitted to us and determines whether it will further consider the candidates using the criteria described below.
In order to be considered, each proposed candidate must:
After the Nominating Committee has completed its evaluation, it presents its recommendation to the full Board for its consideration and approval. In presenting its recommendation, the Nominating Committee also reports on other candidates who were considered but not selected.
We will report any material change to this procedure in a quarterly or annual filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission and any new procedure will be available through the Corporate Governance link on our website at www.bitstream.com.
Our Bylaws require that a shareholder who wishes to nominate an individual for election as a Director at our Annual Meeting of Shareholders must give us advance written notice no later than 120 days prior to the anniversary date of the Proxy mailing date, or December 22, 2008, in connection with next years Annual Meeting and provide specified information. Shareholders may request a copy of the Bylaw requirements from the Corporate Secretary, Bitstream Inc., 245 First Street, 17th Floor, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142.
For the year ended December 31, 2007, each director who was not our employee received $25,000 in cash compensation for service as a director. In addition, our non-employee Chairman of the Board received an additional $15,000 in cash compensation for his service as Chairman. On May 24, 2007, each non-employee director was also granted a restricted stock award for 5,000 shares of the Companys Class A Common Stock, vesting in one-fifth increments on each of the first, second, third, fourth and fifth anniversaries of the date of the grant. From January 1, 2008 to April 8, 2008, the Board did not make any stock option grants or restricted stock awards to purchase Class A Common Stock to any Board member.
The following table provides information on the compensation of our directors for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2007. Ms. Chagnon does not currently receive separate compensation for her services as a director. For her compensation as our Chief Executive Officer, see Ms. Chagnons compensation discussed in this Proxy Statement under the Compensation Discussion and Analysis and the data related to her compensation in the Summary Compensation Table and related tables.
DIRECTOR COMPENSATION TABLE
Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance
Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires directors, executive officers and stockholders who own more than ten percent of the outstanding Class A Common Stock of the Company to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission and NASDAQ reports of ownership and changes in ownership of voting securities of the Company and to furnish copies of such reports to us.
Based solely on a review of the copies of such forms received by the Company, and on written representations from certain reporting persons, we believe that with respect to the year ended December 31, 2007, our directors, officers and ten-percent stockholders timely filed all such required forms, except for Form 4s required to be filed in connection with the grant of stock options and restricted stock awards on May 24, 2007 which were filed late.
INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
Our Audit Committee has retained PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (PwC) as the Companys independent registered public accounting firm for the audit of our financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2007 and intends to retain PwC for the year ending December 31, 2008. Representatives of PwC are expected to be present at the meeting to answer appropriate questions and they will have the opportunity to make a statement if they desire to do so.
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
We retained our independent registered public accounting firm, PwC, to provide services in the following categories and amounts:
Audit fees for 2006 include $47,860 for auditing services performed in connection with our adoption of FAS 123R as of January 1, 2006. Tax fees consist of fees for professional services for tax compliance, tax advice, and tax planning. This category includes fees related to the preparation and review of federal, state, and international tax returns. All other fees for 2007 represent services performed in connection with a Section 382 study and for 2006 represent services performed for tax compliance and planning services in connection with our establishment of a subsidiary in India, Bitstream India Pvt. Ltd.
Our Audit Committee (the Audit Committee) annually considers whether the provisions of non-audit services by our principal auditors is compatible with maintaining auditor independence and concluded that all such services provided during 2007 were compatible with maintaining auditor independence.
The policy of the Audit Committee is to pre-approve all audit and permissible non-audit services to be performed by the independent auditors during the year. The Audit Committee pre-approves services by authorizing specific projects within the categories outlined above. The Audit Committees charter authorizes its Chairperson to address any requests for pre-approval of services between Audit Committee meetings, and the Chairperson must report any pre-approval decisions to the Audit Committee at its next scheduled meeting. All services related to Audit-Related Fees and Tax Fees during 2007 were pre-approved by the Audit Committee.
REPORT OF THE AUDIT COMMITTEE
The Audit Committee, at the direction of the Board, has prepared the following report for inclusion in this Proxy Statement. The Audit Committee is comprised of Messrs. Beitzel, Kaminski and Lubrano, three non-employee directors who meet the independence criteria prescribed by applicable law and the rules of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for audit committee membership and each is an independent director within the meaning of applicable NASDAQ listing standards. Each Audit Committee member meets the NASDAQ financial literacy requirements. The Board has named Mr. Lubrano, who meets the NASDAQ professional experience requirements, as its audit committee financial expert as such term is defined in Item 401(h) of Regulation S-K promulgated by the SEC. The Audit Committee acts pursuant to a written charter, which complies with the applicable provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and related rules of the SEC and NASDAQ, a copy of which can be found on our website at http://www.bitstream.com/corporate/pdfs/bitstream-audit+committee+charter.pdf.
The Audit Committee has the responsibility for reviewing Bitstreams accounting practices, internal accounting controls and financial results and oversees the engagement of our independent registered public accounting firm, including conducting a review of its independence, reviewing and approving the planned scope of our annual audit, overseeing the independent auditors audit work, reviewing and pre-approving any audit and audit related services that may be performed by them, reviewing with management and our independent auditors the adequacy of our internal controls, and reviewing our critical accounting policies and the application of accounting principles. The Audit Committee holds meetings with management and our independent registered public accounting firm to review our annual audited financial statements and quarterly financial statements. The Audit Committee establishes procedures, as required under applicable law, for the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints received by us regarding accounting, internal accounting controls or auditing matters and the confidential and anonymous submission by employees of concerns regarding questionable accounting or auditing matters.
We have reviewed and discussed the audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2007 and managements assessment of the effectiveness of Bitstreams internal controls over financial reporting as of December 31, 2007 with management and the independent registered public accounting firm.
We have discussed with the independent registered public accounting firm the matters required to be discussed by Statement on Auditing Standards No. 61, as amended, Communication with Audit Committees.
We have received the written disclosures and the letter from our independent registered public accounting firm required by Independence Standards Board Standard No. 1 (Independence Discussions with Audit Committees) and have discussed with our independent registered public accounting firm its independence.
Based on the reviews and discussions referred to above, in reliance on management and the independent registered public accounting firm, and subject to the limitations of our role, we recommended to the Board of Directors, and the Board has approved, the inclusion of the financial statements referred to above in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007 for filing with the SEC.
George B. Beitzel
David G. Lubrano, Chairperson
The Audit Committee Report above does not constitute soliciting material and will not be deemed filed or incorporated by reference into any of our filings under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that might incorporate our SEC filings by reference, in whole or in part, notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in those filings.
REPORT OF THE COMPENSATION COMMITTEE
The Compensation Committee (the Compensation Committee) of the Company at the direction of the Board has prepared the following report for inclusion in this Proxy Statement. The Compensation Committee is comprised of Messrs. Beitzel, Kaminski and Lubrano, three non-employee directors who are disinterested persons within the meaning of Rule 16b-3 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended and who are independent as required by applicable laws and regulations, and the NASDAQ listing standards. The Compensation Committee has the responsibility for all compensation matters concerning the Companys executive officers. The Compensation Committee is also responsible for oversight of our compensation plans and benefit programs and equity based awards to our non-executive employees and consultants. The Compensation Committee acts pursuant to a written charter, which may be found on our web site at http://www.bitstream.com/corporate/pdfs/bitstream-compensation+ committee+charter.pdf.
The Compensation Committee has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis with management. Based on such review and discussions, the Committee recommended to the Board of Directors, and the Board has approved, the inclusion of the Compensation Discussion and Analysis in the Proxy Statement and the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K.
George B. Beitzel, Chairperson
David G. Lubrano
The Compensation Committee Report above does not constitute soliciting material and will not be deemed filed or incorporated by reference into any of our filings under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that might incorporate our SEC filings by reference, in whole or in part, notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in those filings.
Bitstreams executive compensation program is intended to attract and retain highly-qualified senior managers by providing compensation opportunities that reflect our business results and the individual executives performance. During the year ended December 31, 2007, we used salary, bonus, stock options and restricted stock awards, to meet these goals. We believe that these compensation opportunities will motivate managements efforts by ensuring that the rewards received by our executives are consistent with the achievement of our business objectives and with the value added by management to the stockholders interests. Our compensation program provides for base salaries that reflect such factors as level of responsibility, internal fairness and external competitiveness.
We also believe that a substantial portion of each of our executives compensation should be in the form of an incentive bonus. Receipt of this bonus is contingent upon our achievement of target levels of sales and earnings, strategic acquisitions and other initiatives, introduction of innovative products and services, and the achievement of and progress toward other significant annual financial and operational objectives as determined by the Compensation Committee. In general, the cash compensation of our executive officers approximates the average of compensation paid to executives of appropriate comparable companies who occupy positions of similar responsibilities. Our compensation program also provides long-term incentive opportunities in the form of stock options, restricted stock and other forms of equity compensation that strengthen the mutuality of economic interest between management and our stockholders and encourage management continuity. During the year ended December 31, 2007, we made restricted stock awards that vest over a five-year period and we awarded stock options to purchase shares under our 2006 Incentive Compensation Plan to our executive officers that vest over a four-year period.
The following is a discussion of each element of our executive compensation program, including a description of the decisions and actions taken by the Compensation Committee with respect to the 2007 compensation for the Chief Executive Officer (the CEO) and all executive officers as a group.
Management Compensation Program
Compensation of our executive officers in the year ended December 31, 2007 (as reflected in the tables that follow with respect to the Named Executive Officers) consisted of the following elements: base salary, the opportunity for an annual incentive bonus, and stock option grants and restricted stock awards under our 2006 Incentive Compensation Plan. Total annual cash compensation for each executive officer varies each year based on our achievement of our annual objectives and the individuals performance.
With respect to determining the base salary of each of the executive officers, the Compensation Committee takes into consideration a variety of factors, including the executives level of responsibility and individual performance, the salaries of similar positions in comparable companies and our financial and operational performance in relation to our objectives and our competitive standing. We review the results of various industry salary surveys to ensure our understanding of competitive compensation levels and practices in the marketplace. From time to time, we utilize the services of GK Partners, a recognized, independent external consulting firm to determine marketplace compensation values and practices, and to assess the reasonableness of our overall compensation program.
Annual Incentive Compensation
Our compensation philosophy includes granting annual cash bonuses reflecting the Companys performance and individual executive performance. We maintain discretion to vary overall cash compensation for a given year by varying the size of the cash bonus based on corporate performance and individual performance. These cash bonuses reflect a material part of the overall compensation, with target payments ranging from 50%-100% of salary, depending upon executive position and overall company performance, and subject to the Compensation Committees discretion to award bonuses greater or lower than the target if they deem it appropriate. Because we believe that senior executives can have the greatest impact on the Companys overall success, we typically set bonus targets as a higher percentage of base salaries for our most highly paid executives.
Our annual incentive bonus to our executive officers (including the Named Executive Officers) is based on the achievement of objective, financial and operational performance targets and the discretion of the Compensation Committee. These targets may include sales volume, net operating income, accomplishment of certain strategic business initiatives and other performance objectives as may be determined annually. In determining individual incentive bonus awards, the accountability of executive officers and their individual contributions towards the attainment of these objectives are considered. In determining awards for the most recent performance year, we placed considerable emphasis on sales growth, achievement of earnings objectives, new product development, and management of corporate expenses and cash and cash equivalents on hand. The calculation of our financial and operational performance with respect to the determination of these incentive bonus awards, if any, is made as soon as is practicable after the completion of our fiscal year.
Long-Term Incentive Awards
In addition to cash compensation, the Compensation Committee and the Board believe that providing executive officers with stock ownership opportunities aligns the interests of the executives with other stockholders and encourages the executives long-term retention. The long-term incentive element of our management compensation program has historically been in the form of stock option grants. In 2007, restricted stock awards were made for the first time. The 2006 Incentive Compensation Plan, which was adopted on April 14, 2006 and approved by the stockholders on June 1, 2006, authorizes a committee of two or more directors designated by the Board, currently the Compensation Committee, to grant Options, Restricted Stock, Stock granted as a bonus or in lieu of another award, Other Stock-Based Awards, Performance Awards or Annual Incentive Awards for up to 2,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock. Awards are typically granted annually, although supplemental awards are granted occasionally. All options granted in fiscal 2007 were subject to a four-year vesting provision and all restricted stock awards in fiscal 2007 were subject to a five-year vesting provision. We make stock awards based upon each executives relative position, responsibilities and performance over the previous year and the executive officers anticipated future performance, potential and responsibilities. We also review prior stock awards to each executive, including the number of shares that continue to be subject to vesting under their respective outstanding awards, in setting the size of new awards to be granted to the executive officers. In addition, we use data compiled by our independent compensation consultant on stock options granted by comparable companies based on industry and revenue. On May 24, 2007, the Board awarded Incentive Stock Options (ISOs) to purchase 20,000 Class A Common Stock to each of Anna Chagnon, John Collins, James Dore, Sampo Kaasila, and Costas Kitsos. Such options have an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Class A Common Stock of the Company on the date of grant as reported on NASDAQ, are exercisable for ten years and vest in one-fourth increments on each of the first, second, third and fourth anniversaries of the date of the grant. In addition, on May 24, 2007, the Board made restricted stock awards of 5,000 shares of Class A Common Stock of the Company to each of John Collins, James Dore, Sampo Kaasila, and Costas Kitsos and 10,000 shares to Anna Chagnon. Such stock awards vest in one-fifth increments on each of the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth anniversary of the date of the grant.
The Incentive Compensation Plan is intended to create opportunities for executive officers and other key employees of the Company to acquire a proprietary interest in the Company and to align their interests with those
of the Companys stockholders. In addition, the vesting provisions of such awards (which limit the exercisability of such options for certain periods of time) encourage the continued service and stability of the management team.
Anna M. Chagnon has served as our Chief Executive Officer since October 2003. Effective May 24, 2007 Ms. Chagnons salary was increased from $250,000 to $275,000. For 2007, Ms. Chagnon target bonus was 50% of salary. The Compensation Committee, without Ms. Chagnons participation, evaluates Ms. Chagnons performance (and determines her bonus) by reviewing the Companys overall revenue growth and operating profit, the performance of Ms. Chagnons management team, and the Companys success in achieving the goals contained in the Companys budget for the year. This year, the Compensation Committee determined that Ms. Chagnon met those goals by, among other things, guiding the Company to better-than-budgeted financial results, and helping to consummate several key new business relationships. Accordingly, the Committee awarded Ms. Chagnon a bonus of $200,000 (approximately 145% of her target). Ms. Chagnon is eligible to participate in the same executive compensation programs in which our other executive-level employees participate. Her total annual compensation for 2007 (including compensation derived from salary and annual incentive bonus) was determined by the Compensation Committee in consideration of the same performance criteria used to establish pay levels for all other executive-level employees. The Compensation Committee has determined that Ms. Chagnons salary is below the median salary of Chief Executive Officers in a selected group of comparable companies. On May 24, 2007, Ms. Chagnon was granted a stock option under our 2006 Incentive Compensation Plan for 20,000 shares of our common stock at a price per share of $8.81 and awarded restricted stock of 10,000 shares of our common stock as part of the annual grant process described above. The stock options vest over four years at a rate of 25% on the first, second, third and fourth anniversary of the grant and the restricted stock vests over five years at a rate of 20% on the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth anniversary of the grant.
Ms. Chagnon manages our named executive officers (NEOs), other than herself. Ms. Chagnon reviews the NEOs performance against operating and strategic goals set for that executive during the previous year; she then further assesses each NEOs individual performance by measuring the NEOs contribution to the Companys consolidated results and the Companys success in achieving the goals contained in the Companys budget for the year. Based on this assessment, Ms. Chagnon then recommends to the Compensation Committee what percentage of the target relative pool available to the NEOs each of the NEOs should receive. The Compensation Committee either accepts Ms. Chagnons recommended bonus for each NEO, or suggests other factors or outcomes. After these deliberations, the Compensation Committee approves a bonus for each such executive. For 2007, Ms. Chagnon set the target bonus for the other NEOs at approximately 50% of their respective annual salary or $82,500 each. Based upon the Companys better-than-budgeted financial results and her evaluation that each of the NEOs had met their goals and exceeded expectations in contributing to a very strong year for the Company, Ms. Chagnon recommended and the Compensation committee awarded bonuses of $100,000 (approximately 121% of their targets).
Summary Compensation Table
The following table sets forth certain summary information concerning compensation during the year ended December 31, 2007 by the Company to its Chief Executive Officer (the CEO), and the four most highly compensated executive officers other than the CEO who were serving as executive officers on December 31, 2007, whose aggregate salary and bonus exceeded $100,000 for the year ended December 31, 2007 (together, the Named Executive Officers).
SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE
All of the Companys Named Executive Officers are employed on an at-will basis and none of the Named Executive Officers is a party to any employment agreement with the Company. Each of the executive officers may also receive discretionary bonuses as may be determined by the Compensation Committee.
Plan Based Awards
The following table provides information as to the grants of plan-based awards to each Named Executive Officer during 2007. The table identifies the threshold (or minimum amount payable other than zero), target payable if specified performance goals are achieved, and maximum values of the 2007 incentive plan awards for each of the named executive officers.
GRANTS OF PLAN-BASED AWARDS TABLE
Outstanding Equity Awards at December 31, 2007
The following table sets forth, the number of unexercised options held by each named executive officer at year end, the exercise price and expiration date of each award.
OUTSTANDING EQUITY AWARDS AT DECEMBER 31, 2007
Value Realized from Stock Options and Stock Appreciation Awards
The following table sets forth the number of options exercised and the value each named executive officer realized during 2007. As of December 31, 2007 we have not awarded any stock appreciation rights.
OPTION EXERCISES AND STOCK VESTED DURING 2007
All of the Companys Named Executive Officers are employed on an at-will basis and none of the Named Executive Officers is a party to any employment agreement with the Company. Each of the executive officers may also receive discretionary bonuses as may be determined by the Compensation Committee.
Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation
During the year ended December 31, 2007, Messrs. Beitzel, Kaminski, and Lubrano fulfilled all functions of the Compensation Committee with regard to determining compensation of executive officers of the Company.
PRINCIPAL AND MANAGEMENT STOCKHOLDERS
The following table sets forth certain information as of April 8, 2008, with respect to the Class A Common Stock owned or deemed beneficially owned as determined under the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission, directly or indirectly, by each stockholder known to the Company to own beneficially more than 5% of the Class A Common Stock, by each director, by the executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table included elsewhere herein, and by all directors and executive officers of the Company and its subsidiaries as a group. In accordance with Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act), a person is deemed to be the beneficial owner, for purposes of this table, of any shares of Class A Common Stock if he or she has or shares voting power or investment power with respect to such security or has the right to acquire beneficial ownership at any time within 60 days of April 8, 2008. As used herein voting power is the power to vote or direct the voting of shares, and investment power is the power to dispose of or direct the disposition of shares. Except as indicated in the notes following the table below, each person named has sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares listed as being beneficially owned by such person.
We are not aware of any arrangements including any pledge by any person of securities of the Company, the operation of which may at a subsequent date result in a change in control of the Company.
DEADLINES FOR SUBMISSION OF STOCKHOLDER PROPOSALS
Proposals of security holders intended to be presented at the next Annual Meeting of Stockholders of the Company to be held during 2009, pursuant to Rule 14a-8 promulgated under the Exchange Act, must be received by us at our principal executive office in Cambridge, Massachusetts before December 22, 2008 for inclusion in our proxy and proxy statement relating to said meeting. Any stockholder desiring to submit a proposal should consult applicable regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. For non-Rule 14a-8 proposals, our By-laws provide that any stockholder of record wishing to have a stockholder proposal considered at an annual meeting must provide written notice of such proposal and appropriate supporting documentation, as set forth in the By-laws, to our Corporate Secretary at our principal executive office not earlier than 45 days before the date on which we first mailed our proxy materials for the preceding years Annual Meeting of Stockholders (if such proxy materials were mailed) and 60 days prior to the first anniversary of the preceding years Annual Meeting of Stockholders, nor later than 90 days prior to the first anniversary of the preceding years Annual Meeting of Stockholders; provided, however, that if the date of the annual meeting is advanced more than 30 days prior to, or delayed by more than 60 days after, such anniversary date, notice by the stockholder to be timely must be so delivered not earlier than the 90th day prior to such annual meeting and not later than the close of business on the later of the 90th day prior to such Annual Meeting or the 10th day following the day on which public announcement of the date of such meeting is first made. If a security holder fails to notify us, pursuant to the requirements of the advance notice provisions of the By-laws, of a non-Rule 14a-8 stockholder proposal which it intends to submit at our next Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held during 2009, the proxy solicited by the
Board with respect to such meeting may grant discretionary authority to the proxies named therein to vote with respect to such matter.
ANNUAL REPORT AND FORM 10-K
Our Annual Report to Stockholders, including financial statements, for the year ended December 31, 2007 is being furnished to our stockholders of record concurrently with this Proxy Statement. The Annual Report to Stockholders does not, however, constitute a part of the proxy soliciting material.
Our Annual Report filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on Form 10-K, which includes our consolidated financial statements, is available to stockholders without charge upon written request to the President and General Counsel of the Company at 245 First Street, 17th Floor, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142.
As of the date of this Proxy Statement, the management of the Company knows of no business other than that referred to in the foregoing Notice of Annual Meeting of Stockholders and Proxy Statement which may come before the Meeting. Should any other matters come before the Meeting, it is the intention of the persons named in the accompanying Proxy to vote such Proxy in accordance with their best judgment on such matters.
Annual Meeting Proxy Card
q PLEASE FOLD ALONG THE PERFORATION, DETACH AND RETURN THE BOTTOM PORTION IN THE ENCLOSED ENVELOPE. q
Change of Address Please print new address below.
Please date this Proxy and sign your name exactly as it appears hereon. When there is more than one owner, each should sign. When signing as an attorney, administrator, executor, guardian, or trustee, please add your title as such. If executed by a corporation, this Proxy should be signed by a duly authorized officer. If a partnership, an authorized person should sign in the partnership name.
Please take note of the important information enclosed with this proxy.
Your vote counts, and you are strongly encouraged to exercise your right to vote your shares.
Please mark the boxes on the proxy card to indicate how your shares will be voted. Then sign the card, detach it, and return your proxy in the enclosed postage paid envelope.
Thank you in advance for your prompt consideration of these matters.
q PLEASE FOLD ALONG THE PERFORATION, DETACH AND RETURN THE BOTTOM PORTION IN THE ENCLOSED ENVELOPE. q
Proxy BITSTREAM INC.
245 First Street, 17th Floor
Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142-1200
SOLICITED BY THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS FOR THE ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS
The undersigned hereby appoints Charles Ying and Anna Chagnon, or either of them, proxies of the undersigned with full power of substitution, to vote all shares of Class A Common Stock, $0.01 par value (Class A Common Stock) of Bitstream Inc. (the Company) held of record by the undersigned on April 8, 2008, at the Companys Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held May 20, 2008 and at any adjournment thereof.
The undersigned hereby revokes any proxy or proxies heretofore given to vote upon or act with respect to such stock.
THIS PROXY, WHEN PROPERLY EXECUTED, WILL BE VOTED AS SPECIFIED BY THE UNDERSIGNED STOCKHOLDER. IF NO CHOICE IS SPECIFIED BY THE STOCKHOLDER, THIS PROXY WILL BE VOTED FOR ITEM (1) AND IN THE PROXIES DISCRETION ON ANY OTHER MATTERS COMING BEFORE THE MEETING.
Please date, sign and return this Proxy Card in the enclosed envelope. No postage required if mailed in the United States.
CONTINUED AND TO BE SIGNED ON REVERSE SIDE