Boardwalk Pipeline Partners NYSE:BWP is a master limited partnership that controls and operates pipeline systems consisting of pipelines (natural gas) and storage facilities, through Boardwalk Pipelines LP. In total there are 3 major interstate natural gas pipeline systems originating in the Gulf Coast (Oklahoma, Arkansas) which carry gas to the Midwest (Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio). More recently (2010) increased competition from regional and national transportation companies (causing there to be a higher overall capacity available and new sources of transmission) has narrowed pipeline system price differentials. The parent company Loews (66% equity owner) charges Boardwalk about 12.4 million per year for services such as those relating to information technology, tax and risk management. Boardwalk Pipelines Holding Company (direct subsidiary of Loews that manages its interests in Boardwalk) owns all of the Long Term - Affiliate debt; the debt is from a 2009 subordinated loan made with the holding company and amounts to about $100 million (about 3% of the company's total debt ($3.152 billion in September 2010 with the fair value being $3.39 billion). Loews' indirect interest in Boardwalk has been slowly decreasing since 2005; it was 85% in 2005, 72% in 2009 and 66% by the end of 2010. The company's biggest customer is Devon Energy which contributed 11% of total revenue in 2009. In June 2010 it committed to modifying the Eagle Ford pipeline system.
In 2009 leading customers based on revenue were marketers (45%), producers (30%), LDC's (17%), power generators (4%), pipelines (2%) and industrial end users and others (5%). Pipeline interconnects is the destination of approximately 54% of all gas delivered through Boardwalk's systems with LDC's at 22% and storage facilities 11%.
Boardwalk operates at two main locations on large fully owned or leased properties; one is in Houston (103,000 square feet of leased space) the other in Owensboro, Kentucky (108,000 square feet of owned space).
The company hedges against changes in the price of natural gas by using derivatives (futures, swaps and option contracts). Total gas hedged amounted to 2.2 billion cubic feet in September 2010.;Those projects were committed to in 2007 (the Fayetteville Lateral is a 167 mile long 36 inch pipeline with a maximum capacit of 1.1 Bcf per day.The Greenville Lateral was initially planned to be 98 miles long and have a design capacity 6.25% lower than Fayetteville (800 versus 750 thousand MMBtu/d) even though it cost only 67% as much (both cost a combined $490 million at the time (2007)).
Business is divided into 3 segments; Gulf Crossing, Gulf South (pipeline) and Texas Gas (transmission). The 3 pipeline divisions are also subsidiaries with each managing its own operations.
Total capex (capital expenditure) used on growth projects was $145 million for the first nine months of 2010.
9M10 - Capex spent on maintenance was about the same as it was in 2009, $26.4 million compared to $26.1 million. Credit Facility loans outstanding amounted to $703.5 million, 2.85 times higher than credit available ($246.5 million). Lower capex (by $482.7 million, caused by project completions and the sale of gas assets) caused net cash used in investing to fall by 51.3% (to $157.8 million). $175 million in short term investments were sold in 2009. In contract financing activities required $355.4 million more in net cash (came out to $154 million due to financing activities being a positive contributor in 2009). As of September 2010 there were $2.4 billion in outstanding debentures (steady year on year) paying 5.89% interest. $6.26 billion of the $6.9075 billion in total assets (90.6% compared to 91.04% the previous year) are in property, plant and equipment (that's the net amount after subtracting depreciation and ammortization).
2009 For the year 74% of revenue came from capacity reservation contracts, 15% from other contracts (actual utilization) and the other 11% from interruptable transportation, storage, parking and other on demand services.
|millions USD||2007||2008||2009||9M09||9M10||Change % (9M)||millions USD||2007||2008||2009||9M09||9M10||Change % (9M)|
|operating income||266.0||346.6||294.5||186.2||312.5||67.83%||net income|
|net income||227.7||294.0||162.7||91.1||200.5||120%||cash equivalents||317.3||137.7||45.8||122.9||88.8||(27.75)%|
|gas transp revenue||529.7||698.2||794.9||545.9||734.0||34.46%||shareholders equity||1,803.0||3,245.0||3,364.2||3,387.2||3,259.6||(3.77)%|
|current assets||455.6||451.8||190.9||259.1||222.0||(14.32)%||total assets||4,122.0||6,721.6||6,895.8||6,905.9||6,907.5||steady|
In addition to the price of natural gas, sales/revenue is affected by seasonality, the result of its effect on demand for heat/power (in 2009 55% of revenue came from the coldest quarters (1 and 4)). Temperature extremes in the summer can also affect business because of the increased use of air conditioners and other cooling systems.
Relatively low prices in 2009 caused key customers which produce natural gas to decrease drilling and shut down several wells. Although most of Boardwalk Pipelines business comes from reservational contracts (a fixed amount of pipeline capacity is purchased by capacity) a minor but growing source of revenue is based on actual gas transported. When those customers produce less that affects the amount of pipeline capacity they require and lowers revenue for Boardwalk.