This excerpt taken from the BOFI 10-K filed Sep 16, 2005.
Regulatory Capital Requirements and Prompt Corrective Action. The prompt corrective action regulation of the OTS requires mandatory actions and authorizes other discretionary actions to be taken by the OTS against a savings association that falls within undercapitalized capital categories specified in the regulation.
Under the regulation, an institution is well capitalized if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of at least 10.0%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of at least 6.0% and a leverage ratio of at least 5.0%, with no written agreement, order, capital directive, prompt corrective action directive or other individual requirement by the OTS to maintain a specific capital measure. An institution is adequately capitalized if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of at least 8.0%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of at least 4.0% and a leverage ratio of at least 4.0% (or 3.0% if it has a composite rating of 1 and is not experiencing or anticipating significant growth). The regulation also establishes three categories for institutions with lower ratios: undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized and critically undercapitalized. At June 30, 2005, Bank of Internet USA met the capital requirements of a well capitalized institution under applicable OTS regulations.
In general, the prompt corrective action regulation prohibits an insured depository institution from declaring any dividends, making any other capital distribution, or paying a management fee to a controlling person if, following the distribution or payment, the institution would be within any of the three undercapitalized categories. In addition, adequately capitalized institutions may accept brokered deposits only with a waiver from the FDIC and are subject to restrictions on the interest rates that can be paid on such deposits. Undercapitalized institutions may not accept, renew or roll-over brokered deposits.
If the OTS determines that an institution is in an unsafe or unsound condition, or if the institution is deemed to be engaging in an unsafe and unsound practice, the OTS may, if the institution is well capitalized, reclassify it as adequately capitalized; if the institution is adequately capitalized but not well capitalized, require it to comply with restrictions applicable to undercapitalized institutions; and, if the institution is undercapitalized, require it to comply with restrictions applicable to significantly undercapitalized institutions. Finally, pursuant to an interagency agreement, the FDIC can examine any institution that has a substandard regulatory examination score or is considered undercapitalized without the express permission of the institutions primary regulator.
OTS capital regulations also require savings associations to meet three additional capital standards:
tangible capital equal to at least 1.5% of total adjusted assets;
leverage capital (core capital) equal to 4.0% of total adjusted assets; and
risk-based capital equal to 8.0% of total risk-weighted assets.
These capital requirements are viewed as minimum standards by the OTS, and most institutions are expected to maintain capital levels well above the minimum. In addition, the OTS regulations provide that minimum capital levels greater than those provided in the regulations may be established by the OTS for individual savings associations upon a determination that the savings associations capital is or may become inadequate in view of its circumstances. Bank of Internet USA is not subject to any such individual minimum regulatory capital requirement and our regulatory capital exceeded all minimum regulatory capital requirements as of June 30, 2005. See Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations Liquidity and Capital Resources.