QUOTE AND NEWS
The Economic Times  Jul 19  Comment 
RIL promoted RJIL holds pan-India broadband wireless access (BWA) spectrum that can be used for 4G services. The company had acquired it through auction.
The Economic Times  Jul 18  Comment 
The telecom department is now veering towards charging a weighted spectrum usage charge (SUC) for all the spectrum held by telecom operators, changing its previous stand.
Automotive World  Jul 16  Comment 
BorgWarner’s Advanced Ignition Coil Technology Optimizes the Combustion Process for Powerful Gasoline Direct Injection Engines BorgWarner Emissions Systems is producing multi-spark ignition coils at its plant in Muggendorf, Germany, for...
Automotive World  Jul 10  Comment 
BorgWarner honored 119 employees from its worldwide operations for operational excellence, product development, customer excellence and collaboration. President and Chief Executive Officer James R. Verrier personally presented 21 winners from this...
Market Intelligence Center  Jul 3  Comment 
After closing Wednesday at $66.62, BorgWarner Inc (BWA) presents an attractive opportunity to get a 3.64% return in just 107 days, which is an annualized return of 12.40% (for comparison purposes only). To enter this trade, sell one Oct. '14...
Automotive World  Jul 2  Comment 
BorgWarner Honored as Best Supplier in the Powertrain Technology Category for its Leading Turbocharging Technologies BorgWarner Turbo Systems received an AutomotiveINNOVATIONS Award 2014 during a ceremony held recently in Frankfurt, Germany....
Market Intelligence Center  Jul 1  Comment 
BorgWarner Inc (BWA) traded between $64.80 and $65.46 before closing at $65.19 Monday and presents some attractive trading opportunities today according to MarketIntelligenceCenter.com's patented algorithms. The computer program that picks trades...
Automotive World  Jun 24  Comment 
BorgWarner supplies its innovative Pressure Sensor Glow Plug (PSG) for Volkswagen’s all new diesel engines starting with the 1.4-liter version and then adding the 1.6-liter and 2.0-liter versions later this year. Based on the new modular diesel...
Automotive World  Jun 23  Comment 
BorgWarner to Present New Permanently Engaged Starter System and Multi-Mode Clutch Module BorgWarner will display its current and future drivetrain technologies at the 14th International Association of German Engineers (VDI) Congress on...
Automotive World  Jun 11  Comment 
BorgWarner’s next-Generation HY-VO chain reduces friction for better fuel economy with low noise, vibration and harshness BorgWarner’s next-generation HY-VO® chain drives transfer cases for the Lexus® GX and the Toyota Land Cruiser Prado,...




 

BorgWarner, Inc. (NYSE:BWA) makes parts used in car engines and drivetrains, such as transmissions and four-wheel-drive components. BWA's largest customers include Auto Makers Ford Motor Company (F), Daimler AG (DAI) and Volkswagen (VLKAY), who collectively accounted for 30% of BWA's $5.3 billion in 2007 revenue.[1]


A nearly $100-per-ton increase in the price of steel in 2007 increased BorgWarner's cost of goods sold (COGS) by more than 17% year-over-year.[2] Also, when U.S. new car sales declined by over 5% between 2005 and 2007,[3] BorgWarner's sales in the U.S. fell by $110 million, a decline of around 6%.[4] On the other hand, BorgWarner only earned 34% of its 2007 revenue in the U.S.; as such, a weak dollar and favorable exchange rates gave the company's non-U.S. revenue a $262 million boost in 2007.[5]

Business Segments

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BWA 2007 Revenues by Segment[6]

Engine (70% of 2007 revenue)

The Engine group sells products that improve the performance and fuel efficiency of engines. The Engine group's main products are turbochargers, timing chains, and other engine products.[7]

Drivetrain (30% of 2007 revenue)

The Drivetrain segment specializes in four-wheel drive (4WD), all-wheel drive (AWD). and dual-clutch transmission systems. The company's 4WD and AWD products include transfer cases, which distribute engine torque to the front and rear axles, and active torque management systems, which sense the wheels that have the most traction and transfer power to those wheels.[8] BorgWarner also manufactures the famous DualTronic® transmission.[9]

Business Financials

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BWA 2007 Revenues by Geography[10]

BorgWarner 2007 Revenue, Operating Income and Net Income[11] ($ in millions)

Segment 2007 2006 2005
Engine 3,761 3,155 2,855
Drivetrain 1,599 1,461 1,473
Inter-segment eliminations (32) (31) (35)
Total Revenues 5,329 4,585 4,294
Operating Income 425 275 323
Net Income 289 212 240


Key Trends and Forces

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EUR to USD Exchange Rates[12]

A weak U.S. dollar boosts Borg Warner's international sales

Between June 18, 2007 and June 18, 2008, the euro value of one U.S. dollar decreased from 0.75€ to 0.65€.[13] Since BorgWarner reports its revenue in USD but does over half of its business in Europe, the favorable euro-USD exchange rate boosted the value of its international sales. As a result of the dollar's depreciation, BorgWarner's 2007 revenue and net income were boosted by $262 million and $15 million, respectively.[14] While a weak dollar both boosts the value of sales in other currencies and makes BorgWarner's products relatively cheaper on international markets, a strengthening dollar has the exact opposite effects.

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Steel Prices 2007-2008[15]

Higher steel prices increased COGS 17% in 2007

Between January 2007 and December 2007, the price of hot rolled steel coil rose from $549 to $630 per metric ton, and the price of hot rolled steel plate rose from $747 to $837 per metric ton.[16] As a result, BorgWarner's cost of sales rose over 17% from 2006 to 2007, and its gross margin fell from 18.5% to 17.8%.[17] Because it is difficult for BorgWarner to pass higher materials costs on to customers as price increases, rises in the cost of raw materials often hurt profitability.[18]

2007 U.S. new car sales lowest since 1998

Between 2005 and 2007, U.S. new automobile sales fell nearly 5% from 16.9 million cars in 2005[19] to 16.14 million in 2007, the lowest level since 1998.[20] Despite attempting to minimize the effects of decreased automobile demand by negotiating contracts, BorgWarner's North American revenues decreased by 5% between 2005 and 2007.[21] In 2007, 73% of BorgWarner's sales came from products used in automobiles (light cars, trucks, SUV's, etc.),[22] making BorgWarner's sales highly dependent on trends in the auto industry.

Three customers accounted for 33% of 2007 sales

BorgWarner is heavily dependent on a few key customers, as its three largest customers accounted for right at 33% of its 2007 revenue. Volkswagen (VLKAY), Ford Motor Company (F), and Daimler AG (DAI) accounted for 15%, 12%, and 6%, respectively, of all 2007 sales.[23] The loss of any one of these three key clients would have a significantly negative impact on BorgWarner's revenue and profitability.

Key Competitors

  • Honeywell International (HON) makes turbochargers that compete directly with those produced by BorgWarner.[24]
  • Federal-Mogul Corporation (FDML) is an automotive parts manufacturer, and its ignition and temperature management products compete directly with similar products from BorgWarner's Engine group.[25]
  • Robert Bosch GmbH, a privately owned company, makes transmissions, emissions reduction products, and diesel starting products that compete directly with BorgWarner.[26][27]

BorgWarner and Key Competitors 2007 ($ in millions)

Company Revenue Net Income Net Profit Margin
BorgWarner 5,329 289 5.4%
Honeywell International (HON) 34,589 2,444 7.1%
Federal-Mogul Corporation (FDML) 6,914 1,412 20.4%
Robert Bosch GmbH 63,491 Pvt.Pvt.

Note: Figures for Robert Bosch GmbH were were converted from Euros using average 2007 exchange rates.[28]



References

  1. BWA 2007 10-K: Customers, pg 8
  2. MEPS STEEL PRODUCT PRICE LEVELS ACROSS 2007 - 2008
  3. NADA: 2006 Auto Sales Eighth Strongest on Record According to NADA DATA Report
  4. BWA 2007 10-K Exhibit 13: Geographic Information, pg 62
  5. BWA 2007 10-K Exhibit 13: Results of Operations, pg 3
  6. BWA 2007 10-K Exhibit 13: Results By Reporting Segment, pg 4
  7. BWA 2007 10-K: Business, pg 5
  8. BWA 2007 10-K: Business, pg 6-7
  9. How Dual-clutch Transmissions Work: Dual-clutch Transmissions: Past, Present and Future
  10. BWA 2007 10-K Exhibit 13: Geographic Information, pg 62
  11. BWA 2007 10-K Exhibit 13: Results by Reporting Segment, pg 4
  12. EUR to USD Exchange Rates
  13. EUR-USD Exchange Rates
  14. BWA 2007 10-K Exhibit 13: Results of Operations, pg 3
  15. MEPS STEEL PRODUCT PRICE LEVELS ACROSS 2007 - 2008
  16. MEPS STEEL PRODUCT PRICE LEVELS ACROSS 2007 - 2008
  17. BWA 2007 10-K Exhibit 13: Results of Operations, pg 6
  18. BWA 2007 10-K: Risk Factors, pg 14
  19. NADA: 2006 Auto Sales Eighth Strongest on Record According to NADA DATA Report
  20. 2007 U.S. Auto Sales Dimmest Since 1998 - The Auto Channel
  21. BWA 2007 10-K Exhibit 13: Geographic Information, pg 62
  22. BWA 2007 10-K Item 1, Business, pg. 8
  23. BWA 2007 10-K: Customers, pg 8
  24. Google Finance: HON
  25. Google Finance: FDML
  26. Bosch.com: Business sectors and divisions
  27. Bosch.com: Bosch in figures
  28. Monthly Average Graph (American Dollar, Euro) 2007
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