Annual Reports

 
Quarterly Reports

  • 10-Q (Nov 9, 2017)
  • 10-Q (Aug 8, 2017)
  • 10-Q (May 10, 2017)
  • 10-Q (Nov 8, 2016)
  • 10-Q (Aug 5, 2016)
  • 10-Q (May 11, 2016)

 
8-K

 
Other

CAS Medical Systems 10-Q 2017

Documents found in this filing:

  1. 10-Q
  2. Ex-31.1
  3. Ex-31.2
  4. Ex-32.1
  5. Ex-32.1

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC  20549

FORM 10‑Q

Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15 (d)
of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2017

Commission File Number 0-13839
 
 

 

CAS MEDICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
Delaware
 
06-1123096
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. employer
incorporation or organization)
 
identification no.)

  

44 East Industrial Road, Branford, Connecticut  06405
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)


(203) 488‑6056
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant:  (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes ☒   No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☒   No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer", and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one): 
Large Accelerated Filer  ☐       Accelerated Filer ☐       Non-Accelerated Filer ☐       Smaller Reporting Company ☒

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ☐  No ☒

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:   Common Stock, $.004 par value 28,229,081 shares as of May 8, 2017.



- 1 -
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 

PART I
Financial Information
Page No.
     
Item 1
Financial Statements (Unaudited)
3
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016
3
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016
5
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders' Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
6
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016
7
     
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 8
     
Item 2
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
14
     
Item 3
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
19
     
Item 4
Controls and Procedures
19
     
     
PART II
Other Information
 
     
Item 6
Exhibits
20
     
     
 
Signatures
21
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
- 2 -

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
CAS Medical Systems, Inc.
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
Assets
 
2017
   
2016
 
             
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
4,662,897
   
$
5,488,706
 
Accounts receivable, net
   
3,094,987
     
3,322,400
 
Inventories
   
1,783,787
     
1,595,668
 
Other current assets
   
324,658
     
879,365
 
Assets associated with discontinued operations
   
52,020
     
85,349
 
Total current assets
   
9,918,349
     
11,371,488
 
                 
Property and equipment:
               
Leasehold improvements
   
151,377
     
151,377
 
Equipment at customers
   
3,872,730
     
3,762,632
 
Machinery and equipment
   
5,121,410
     
4,913,595
 
     
9,145,517
     
8,827,604
 
Accumulated depreciation and amortization
   
(6,641,029
)
   
(6,266,097
)
Property and equipment, net
   
2,504,488
     
2,561,507
 
                 
Intangible and other assets, net
   
800,564
     
790,971
 
                 
Total assets
 
$
13,223,401
   
$
14,723,966
 
                 
                 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
- 3 -

CAS Medical Systems, Inc.
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
2017
   
2016
 
             
Current liabilities:
           
Accounts payable
 
$
1,138,449
   
$
1,074,939
 
Accrued expenses
   
1,785,470
     
2,239,985
 
Notes payable
   
44,006
     
70,015
 
Current portion of long-term debt, less unamortized debt issuance costs
   
1,517,921
     
840,471
 
Liabilities associated with discontinued operations
   
17,578
     
92,942
 
Total current liabilities
   
4,503,424
     
4,318,352
 
                 
Deferred gain on sale and leaseback of property
   
57,944
     
91,603
 
Long-term debt, less current portion and unamortized debt issuance costs
   
5,971,690
     
6,580,851
 
Other long-term liability
   
320,000
     
320,000
 
Total liabilities
   
10,853,058
     
11,310,806
 
                 
Commitments and contingencies
               
                 
Stockholders' equity:
               
Preferred stock, $.001 par value per share, 1,000,000 shares authorized
               
Series A convertible preferred stock, 95,500 shares issued and
               
outstanding, liquidation value of $14,326,022 and $14,079,629 at
               
March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively
   
8,802,000
     
8,802,000
 
Series A exchangeable preferred stock, 54,500 shares issued and
               
outstanding, liquidation value of $8,175,583 and $8,034,971 at
               
March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively
   
5,135,640
     
5,135,640
 
Common stock, $.004 par value per share, 60,000,000 shares authorized,
               
28,315,081 and 27,428,752 shares issued at March 31, 2017 and
               
December 31, 2016, respectively, including shares held in treasury
   
113,260
     
109,715
 
Common stock held in treasury, at cost - 86,000 shares
   
(101,480
)
   
(101,480
)
Additional paid-in capital
   
31,354,231
     
30,557,093
 
Accumulated deficit
   
(42,933,308
)
   
(41,089,808
)
Total stockholders' equity
   
2,370,343
     
3,413,160
 
                 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
$
13,223,401
   
$
14,723,966
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
See accompanying notes.
 
- 4 -

CAS Medical Systems, Inc.
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
 (Unaudited)
 
 
   
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
             
Net sales from continuing operations
 
$
5,224,873
   
$
5,455,526
 
                 
Cost of sales
   
2,380,838
     
2,574,871
 
Gross profit
   
2,844,035
     
2,880,655
 
                 
Operating expenses:
               
Research and development
   
823,593
     
955,407
 
Selling, general and administrative
   
3,574,267
     
3,367,884
 
Total operating expenses
   
4,397,860
     
4,323,291
 
                 
Operating loss
   
(1,553,825
)
   
(1,442,636
)
                 
Interest expense
   
259,693
     
199,248
 
Other income
   
(141
)
   
(4,873
)
Loss from continuing operations before income taxes
   
(1,813,377
)
   
(1,637,011
)
Income tax expense (benefit)
   
10,543
     
(1,091,246
)
Loss from continuing operations
   
(1,823,920
)
   
(545,765
)
Discontinued operations:
               
(Loss) income from discontinued operations
   
(30,123
)
   
175,752
 
Gain on sale of discontinued operations
   
     
2,942,095
 
Income tax (benefit) expense
   
(10,543
)
   
1,091,246
 
(Loss) income from discontinued operations
   
(19,580
)
   
2,026,601
 
Net (loss) income
   
(1,843,500
)
   
1,480,836
 
Preferred stock dividend accretion
   
387,006
     
361,060
 
Net (loss) income applicable to common stockholders
 
$
(2,230,506
)
 
$
1,119,776
 
                 
Loss per common share from continuing operations:
               
Basic and diluted
 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.03
)
                 
(Loss) income per common share from discontinued operations:
               
Basic and diluted
   
(0.00
)
   
0.07
 
                 
Per share basic and diluted net (loss) income applicable to
               
common stockholders
 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
0.04
 
                 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
               
Basic and diluted
   
27,025,915
     
26,800,433
 
                 

 

 
 
 

See accompanying notes.
 
- 5 -

CAS Medical Systems, Inc.
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders' Equity
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
   
Preferred Stock
   
Common Stock Issued
   
Common Stock Held in Treasury
   
Additional Paid-in
   
Accumulated
       
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Deficit
   
Total
 
                                                       
BALANCE, December 31, 2016
   
150,000
   
$
13,937,640
     
27,428,752
   
$
109,715
     
86,000
   
$
(101,480
)
 
$
30,557,093
   
$
(41,089,808
)
 
$
3,413,160
 
                                                                         
Net loss
                                                           
(1,843,500
)
   
(1,843,500
)
Common stock issued under stock
                                                                       
purchase plan
                   
7,839
     
31
                     
11,651
             
11,682
 
Unrestricted shares issued
                   
390,240
     
1,561
                     
572,092
             
573,653
 
Restricted stock granted
                   
488,250
     
1,953
                     
(1,953
)
           
 
Stock compensation
                                                   
215,348
             
215,348
 
BALANCE, March 31, 2017
   
150,000
   
$
13,937,640
     
28,315,081
   
$
113,260
     
86,000
   
$
(101,480
)
 
$
31,354,231
   
$
(42,933,308
)
 
$
2,370,343
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
See accompanying notes.
- 6 -

CAS Medical Systems, Inc.
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
 
   
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
           
Net (loss) income
 
$
(1,843,500
)
 
$
1,480,836
 
(Loss) income from discontinued operations
   
(19,580
)
   
2,026,601
 
Loss from continuing operations
   
(1,823,920
)
   
(545,765
)
                 
Adjustments to reconcile net loss from continuing operations to net cash
               
used in operating activities of continuing operations:
               
Depreciation and amortization
   
252,193
     
274,396
 
Amortization of debt issuance costs and discounts
   
68,290
     
18,123
 
Deferred income taxes
   
10,543
     
(1,091,246
)
Provision for doubtful accounts
   
311,567
     
 
Stock compensation
   
215,348
     
197,809
 
Impairment of capitalized costs
   
     
33,944
 
Amortization of gain on sale and leaseback of property
   
(33,659
)
   
(33,659
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
   
127,413
     
(426,001
)
Inventories
   
(188,119
)
   
(245,412
)
Other current assets
   
287,161
     
(343,452
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
   
182,651
     
491,033
 
Net cash used in operating activities of continuing operations
   
(590,532
)
   
(1,670,230
)
                 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
               
Expenditures for property and equipment
   
(185,588
)
   
(402,032
)
Proceeds from sale of discontinued operations
   
121,818
     
2,946,330
 
Additions to intangible assets
   
(19,180
)
   
(2,495
)
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities of continuing operations
   
(82,950
)
   
2,541,803
 
                 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
Repayment of long-term debt
   
     
(704,515
)
Repayments of notes payable
   
(26,010
)
   
(27,134
)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
   
11,682
     
4,101
 
Net cash used in  financing activities of continuing operations
   
(14,328
)
   
(727,548
)
                 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents from continuing operations
   
(687,810
)
   
144,025
 
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS:
               
Cash (used in) provided by operating activities of discontinued operations
   
(137,999
)
   
692,456
 
Net cash (used in)  provided by discontinued operations
   
(137,999
)
   
692,456
 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
   
(825,809
)
   
836,481
 
                 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
   
5,488,706
     
7,528,292
 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD
 
$
4,662,897
   
$
8,364,773
 
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
               
Cash paid during the period for interest
 
$
258,486
   
$
111,528
 
Accrued liability settled with common stock
 
$
573,653
   
$
 
 
 
 


See accompanying notes.
- 7 -

CAS Medical Systems, Inc.
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

March 31, 2017

(1)      The Company

CAS Medical Systems, Inc. ("CASMED®" or the "Company") is a leader in non-invasive patient monitoring of cerebral oxygenation. The Company's FORE-SIGHT® Absolute Cerebral Oximeter provides a highly accurate, non-invasive, continuous measurement of absolute cerebral tissue oxygen saturation for patients during critical care. Direct monitoring of tissue oxygenation provides a superior and powerful tool to alert clinicians to otherwise unrecognized and dangerously low levels of oxygenation of the brain and other tissues, thereby empowering them to intervene appropriately in the care of their patients.

In addition to FORE-SIGHT oximeters and accessories, which comprised approximately 83% of Company sales for the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company also provides proprietary non-invasive blood pressure monitoring solutions for OEM use and service parts that the Company categorizes as Traditional Monitoring.

(2)      Basis of Presentation

The condensed consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission.  Certain information and disclosures included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations.  These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report filed on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2016.  The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2016, was derived from the audited financial statements.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of sales and expenses during the reporting period. Estimates that are particularly sensitive to change in the near-term are inventory valuation allowances, deferred income tax asset valuation allowances, and allowances for doubtful accounts. Actual results could differ from those estimates. In the opinion of the Company, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the consolidated financial position of the Company and its consolidated results of operations and cash flows have been included in the accompanying financial statements.  The results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the expected results for the full year.

As further discussed in Note (3) below, the Company has reclassified certain product line assets which were sold in prior- year periods to discontinued operations. Accordingly, the consolidated financial statements for all periods reported reflect those results as discontinued, and all assets and liabilities related to the product lines and held as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, are stated as assets and liabilities associated with discontinued operations.

On June 30, 2016, the Company consummated a term loan agreement in the amount of $8,000,000 with two lenders, as further described in Note (5), which contains a 12-month interest-only period and a further six-month extension should the Company meet certain sales targets for the 12 months ending June 30, 2017. Management expects to exceed those sales targets. The Company's credit facility includes a line-of-credit agreement with a maximum borrowing level of $2,500,000. To date, the Company has not drawn on the line-of-credit.

As of March 31, 2017, the Company had cash and cash equivalents plus available borrowings under its revolving loan with its lender totaling $6,510,000, which the Company believes are sufficient to support the Company's operations through at least May 10, 2018. The Company expects to continue to use cash from operations during these periods. The Company may seek changes in its debt instruments, a sale of certain assets, reductions in planned operating expenses, and/or may seek to raise additional capital to support its operations should the need arise.  Management believes that it can execute on one or more of these initiatives or obtain additional financing; however, there can be no assurance that such actions can be consummated or additional financing be obtained on acceptable terms or at all.
 
 
 

 
- 8 -

(3)      Discontinued Operations

On October 26, 2015, the Company entered into an agreement pursuant to which it sold assets related to its 740 SELECT® vital signs monitoring product line in exchange for $220,000 in cash at closing and a one-year, interest-bearing promissory note in the principal amount of $329,967. The agreement also provides for royalty payments to the Company for sales of 740 SELECT products during the three-year period following the closing.

On March 28, 2016, the Company consummated an agreement pursuant to which it sold certain assets related to its neonatal intensive care disposable product line for $3,350,000, including $3,035,000 in cash at closing after deductions of $100,000 for funds held in escrow for 12 months following the closing and $215,000 for inventory to be purchased following a transition services agreement which was effectively concluded at December 31, 2016.  During March 2017, the funds in escrow were paid to the Company.  The Company is currently seeking payment for the final inventory and other amounts due, following the conclusion of the transition services period.

The following table presents the assets and liabilities related to the vital signs monitoring and neonatal intensive care product lines classified as assets and liabilities associated with discontinued operations in the consolidated balance sheets as of the periods below:
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
             
Accounts receivable
 
$
52,020
   
$
85,349
 
Total assets associated with
               
discontinued operations
 
$
52,020
   
$
85,349
 
                 
Accounts payable
 
$
   
$
22,692
 
Accrued expenses
   
17,578
     
70,250
 
Total liabilities associated with
               
discontinued operations
 
$
17,578
   
$
92,942
 
                 
 
 
The following table represents the financial results of the discontinued operations for the three months ended March 31st:
 
   
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
             
Net sales
 
$
   
$
608,161
 
Cost of sales
   
     
422,550
 
Gross profit
   
     
185,611
 
Operating expenses
   
     
9,859
 
Income from discontinued operations
               
before income taxes
   
     
175,752
 
Other loss
   
(30,123
)
   
 
Gain on sale of discontinued operations
   
     
2,942,095
 
Income tax (benefit) expense
   
(10,543
)
   
1,091,246
 
(Loss) income from discontinued operations
 
$
(19,580
)
 
$
2,026,601
 
                 
                 

 
- 9 -

(4)      Inventories, Property and Equipment, and Intangible and Other Assets

Inventories consist of:
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
             
Raw materials
 
$
998,328
   
$
1,027,145
 
Work-in-process
   
5,658
     
23,252
 
Finished goods
   
779,801
     
545,271
 
Total
 
$
1,783,787
   
$
1,595,668
 
                 
 
Property and equipment is stated at cost and are depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets.  Property and equipment includes FORE-SIGHT cerebral oximetry monitors primarily located at customer sites within the United States.  Such equipment, categorized as "Equipment at Customers", is typically held under a no-cost program whereby customers purchase disposable sensors for use with the Company's FORE-SIGHT equipment.  Under this program, the Company retains title to the monitors shipped to its customers and amortizes the monitors using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives.

Intangible assets consist of patents issued, patents pending, trademarks, and purchased technology which are recorded at cost. Patents are amortized on a straight-line basis over 20 years. Capitalized costs are amortized over their estimated useful lives.

Intangible and other assets consist of the following:
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2017
   
2016
 
             
Patents and other assets
 
$
677,094
   
$
654,566
 
Patents pending
   
332,354
     
335,702
 
     
1,009,448
     
990,268
 
Accumulated amortization
   
(208,884
)
   
(199,297
)
Total
 
$
800,564
   
$
790,971
 
                 
 
 
Amortization expense of intangible and other assets for the three months ended March 31, 2017, was $9,587. Estimated amortization expense for the calendar year 2017 is $37,574. Expected amortization expense of intangible and other assets for the next five calendar years and beyond follows:
 
2018
 
$
33,700
 
2019
   
29,700
 
2020
   
29,200
 
2021
   
28,900
 
2022
   
28,200
 
Thereafter
   
558,000
 
   
$
707,700
 
         
 
The Company reviews its intangibles and other assets for impairment at least annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. The Company believes that the carrying amounts of its remaining long-lived assets are fully recoverable.
 
 
- 10 -

(5)     Financing Arrangements

Debt Agreements

On June 30, 2016, the Company entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the "Loan Agreement") with Solar Capital Ltd. and Western Alliance Bank (collectively, the "Lenders").  Pursuant to the Loan Agreement, the Lenders have provided the Company with a 48-month secured term loan in the amount of $8,000,000 (the "Term Loan") and a Revolving Loan in the maximum amount of $2,500,000 (the "Revolver").  The Revolver expires on July 1, 2018, and the Term Loan matures on July 1, 2020.  The obligations under the Loan Agreement are secured by a lien on substantially all assets of the Company.

The Term Loan bears interest at a floating rate equal to 8.75% plus the 30-day LIBOR rate (9.53% as of March 31, 2017).  Under the Term Loan, 36 equal payments of $222,222 are scheduled to commence on August 1, 2017, with one final payment in an amount equal to the remaining principal balance on the final maturity date. Principal payments under the Term Loan may be deferred an additional six months if the Company reaches a specified product line sales target for the 12 months ending June 30, 2017.

Revolver advances will bear interest at a floating rate equal to 2.5% plus the higher of 3.5% per annum or a specified prime rate.  Maximum borrowings under the Revolver are based upon the Company's eligible accounts receivable as defined in the Loan Agreement. There were no borrowings under the Revolver as of March 31, 2017, and the amount available for borrowing at that date was $1,847,000, according to the borrowing formula contained with the Loan Agreement and subject to other terms and conditions.

The Company has the right to prepay the loans under the Loan Agreement in full at any time.  If the Term Loan is prepaid prior to maturity, an additional fee of 2% of the Term Loan amount is due if such prepayment takes place within one year from the closing date, and thereafter, the additional fee declines to 1% for any prepayment taking place after such first anniversary and prior to the scheduled maturity date.  Amounts prepaid under the Term Loan may not be re-borrowed.  Upon repayment of the Term Loan at any time, the Lenders are entitled to an additional fee equal to 4% of the Term Loan amount.  A separate early termination fee equal to 1% of the Revolver commitment amount is payable only if the Revolver is terminated on or before the one-year anniversary of the closing date.

The Loan Agreement contains customary affirmative covenants, including covenants regarding the payment of taxes and other obligations, maintenance of insurance, reporting requirements, and compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Further, the Loan Agreement contains customary negative covenants limiting the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries, among other things, to grant liens on the pledged collateral, incur additional indebtedness, make certain investments and acquisitions, and dispose of assets outside the ordinary course of business. The Loan Agreement also contains a financial covenant requiring the Company to maintain a continuing level of cash plus available borrowing capacity based on a formula.  Management believes it was in compliance with all covenants as of March 31, 2017.

Upon an event of default, the Lenders may declare all outstanding principal and accrued but unpaid interest under the Loan Agreement immediately due and payable and may exercise the other rights and remedies provided under the Loan Agreement. The events of default under the Loan Agreement include payment defaults, breaches of covenants or representations and warranties, a material adverse change, certain adverse regulatory events, specified change of control events, and bankruptcy events.

In connection with the Loan Agreement, on June 30, 2016, the Company issued warrants (the "Warrants") to the Lenders, which provide for the right to purchase an aggregate of 64,655 shares of the Company's common stock for a ten-year period, expiring on June 30, 2026, at an exercise price of $1.856 per share [of which 48,491 shares may be purchased by Solar Capital Ltd. ("Solar") and 16,164 shares may be purchased by Western Alliance Bank].

The amount of shares issuable pursuant to the Warrants, and the exercise price thereof, are subject to adjustment only in the event of stock splits, subdivisions, reclassifications, exchanges, combinations, and similar transactions.  The Warrants also contain a cashless exercise provision.

The shares associated with the Warrants were fully vested at the time of issuance. The value of the Warrants were estimated on the date of grant to be $1.44 per share using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, assuming a weighted-average expected stock price volatility of 73.4%, an expected warrant life of ten years, an average risk-free interest rate of 1.48%, and a 0.0% average dividend yield. The value of the Warrants of $92,906, as calculated above, has been recorded as a debt discount and is being recognized as interest expense over the 48-month term of the Loan Agreement.
 
 
- 11 -

The outstanding balance of the Company's term loan is stated for the following periods:
 
   
March 31, 2017
   
December 31, 2016
 
                                     
   
Principal
   
Unamortized Debt Issuance Costs and Discounts
   
Debt, Net
   
Principal
   
Unamortized Debt Issuance Costs and Discounts
   
Debt, Net
 
                                     
Balance of term loan
 
$
8,000,000
   
$
510,389
   
$
7,489,611
   
$
8,000,000
   
$
578,678
   
$
7,421,322
 
Less current portion
   
1,777,778
     
259,857
     
1,517,921
     
1,111,111
     
270,640
     
840,471
 
Long-term portion
 
$
6,222,222
   
$
250,532
   
$
5,971,690
   
$
6,888,889
   
$
308,038
   
$
6,580,851
 
                                                 

The Company incurred debt issuance costs and discounts of $556,936 associated with the Loan Agreement, including $320,000 of accrued fees payable upon repayment of the prior term loan, $92,906 pertaining to the Warrants, and other legal and brokerage costs. Unamortized debt issuance costs of $104,246 at June 30, 2016, pertaining to the Company's prior revolving credit agreement with Solar, were recorded as interest expense corresponding with the termination of that agreement. The remaining $165,514 of unamortized debt issuance costs and discounts together with the $556,936 of new deferred costs, aggregating $722,450, will be amortized through July 1, 2018 and June 30, 2020, the maturity dates of the Revolver and Term Loan, respectively.  As a result of the debt issuance costs, the effective rate of the Term Loan was 12.9% at March 31, 2017.

(6)     Loss per Common Share Applicable to Common Stockholders

Basic loss per share is calculated by dividing net loss applicable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted loss per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if common stock equivalents, such as unvested restricted common shares, outstanding warrants and options, or convertible preferred stock, were exercised or converted into common stock.  Therefore, for each period for which a loss is reported, diluted loss per share is equal to basic loss per share because the effect of including such common stock equivalents or other securities would have been anti-dilutive.  As such, the Company has excluded potentially dilutive shares from the calculation of loss per common share applicable to common stockholders.

At March 31, 2017, stock options and warrants to purchase 3,229,500 and 451,458 shares of common stock, respectively, were excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation as they would have been anti-dilutive. On an as-converted basis, 9,418,839 shares of common stock pertaining to the private placement of 150,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock were also excluded as they would have been anti-dilutive.

(7)     Stock Compensation Expense and Share-based Payment Plans

Stock compensation expense was $215,348 and $197,809 for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

As of March 31, 2017, the unrecognized stock-based compensation cost related to stock option awards and unvested restricted common stock was $1,809,000.  Such amount, net of estimated forfeitures, will be recognized in operations through the first quarter of 2021.
 

 
- 12 -

The following table summarizes the Company's stock option information as of and for the three-month period ended March 31, 2017:
 
         
Weighted-
   
Aggregate
   
Weighted-Average
 
   
Option
   
Average
   
Intrinsic
   
Contractual Life
 
   
Shares
   
Exercise Price
   
Value (1)
   
Remaining in Years
 
                         
Outstanding at December 31, 2016
   
3,229,500
   
$
1.97
   
$
82,250
     
6.3
 
Granted
   
35,000
     
1.52
                 
Cancelled or expired
   
(35,000
)
   
1.84
                 
Exercised
   
     
     
         
Outstanding at March 31, 2017
   
3,229,500
     
1.97
     
49,450
     
6.1
 
Exercisable at March 31, 2017
   
2,411,625
   
$
2.08
   
$
12,363
     
5.4
 
Vested and expected to vest at
                         
March 31, 2017
   
3,204,969
   
$
1.97
   
$
48,337
     
6.1
 
                                 
 
(1)
The intrinsic value of a stock option is the amount by which the market value, as of the applicable date, of the underlying stock exceeds the option exercise price.

The exercise period for all outstanding stock options may not exceed ten years from the date of grant. Stock options granted to employees typically vest over a four-year period. The Company attributes stock-based compensation cost to operations using the straight-line method over the applicable vesting period.

On June 22, 2016, the Company's stockholders approved an amendment to the CAS Medical Systems, Inc. 2011 Equity Incentive Plan (the "Plan") which increased the maximum number of shares that can be issued under the Plan by 1,500,000 to 4,500,000. Awards that may be granted under the Plan include options, restricted stock and restricted stock units, and other stock-based awards. In addition, the sublimit of awards of restricted stock and restricted stock units was increased from 500,000 to 1,250,000. The purposes of the Plan are to make available to our key employees and directors certain compensatory arrangements related to growth in value of our stock so as to generate an increased incentive to contribute to the Company's financial success and prosperity; to enhance the Company's ability to attract and retain exceptionally qualified individuals whose efforts can affect the Company's financial growth and profitability; and to align, in general, the interests of employees and directors with the interests of our stockholders. As of March 31, 2017, there remained 759,095 total shares available for issuance under the Plan, including a sublimit of 300,286 shares available for restricted stock and restricted stock units.

On January 9, 2017, members of the management team were granted 413,250 shares of restricted common stock which vest 25% per year on each anniversary of the grant date, and 75,000 restricted common shares were granted to outside members of the Board of Directors which vest 50% per year on each anniversary of the grant date.

As of March 31, 2017, there were 899,250 outstanding restricted shares at a weighted-average fair-value of $1.70, including 150,000 restricted shares of common stock issued to the Company's Chief Executive Officer during August 2010. The fair value of the outstanding restricted common shares has been calculated based upon the market value of the common stock as of the date of issuance. Restricted stock granted to employees typically vests over a period of not less than three years, while restricted stock granted to outside members of the Board of Directors typically vests over a period of not more than two years from date of grant.
 
 
 
 

 
- 13 -

A summary of the restricted shares of common stock outstanding follows:
 
   
Three Months
   
Weighted-Average
 
   
Ended
   
Grant Date
 
   
March 31, 2017
   
Fair-Value
 
             
Outstanding at beginning of period
   
418,500
   
$
1.80
 
Granted
   
488,250
     
1.62
 
Cancelled
   
     
 
Vested
   
(7,500
)
   
1.62
 
Outstanding at end of period
   
899,250
   
$
1.70
 
                 
 
Warrants to purchase 451,458 shares of common stock at a weighted-average exercise price of $1.64 per share were outstanding as of March 31, 2017. The warrants have an exercise price range of $0.38 to $1.98 per share, and warrants underlying 109,000 shares of common stock have no expiration date.

On March 10, 2017, members of the management team, in lieu of cash payments, were granted 390,240 shares of vested common stock in connection with the achievement of certain 2016 management incentive targets. The shares were valued at $1.47 each based upon the Nasdaq official closing price of the Company's common stock on the date of issuance.

(8)      Preferred Stock

As of March 31, 2017, 95,500 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and 54,500 shares of Series A Exchangeable Preferred Stock,  issued in connection with a 2011 private placement (collectively, the "Preferred Stock"), are outstanding. The Preferred Stock has a par value $0.001 per share and is convertible into common stock of the Company at a price of $2.389 per share. The Company can force conversion of all of the outstanding Preferred Stock if the closing price of its common stock meets certain share price, trading volume requirements, and other conditions. The stated value ($100 per share) of the Series A Preferred Stock accretes at an annual rate of 7% compounded quarterly.  While such accretion may be paid in cash at the Company's option, the Company's bank agreement prohibits the payment of cash dividends.  As of March 31, 2017, dividend accretion of $7,501,605 had accumulated on the Preferred Stock. The Preferred Stock is entitled to a liquidation preference equal to the greater of 100% of the accreted value for each share of Preferred Stock, outstanding on the date of a liquidation, plus all accrued and unpaid dividends, or the amount a holder would have been entitled to had the holder converted the shares of Preferred Stock into common stock immediately prior to the liquidation.  Accordingly, based upon the liquidation value of the Preferred Stock at March 31, 2017, there were 9,418,839 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Stock. The Preferred Stock votes together with the common stock as if converted on the original date of issuance.  Holders of Preferred Stock are entitled to purchase their pro rata share of additional stock issuances in certain future financings.


ITEM 2.  MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Certain statements included in this report, including without limitation statements in Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, which are not historical facts, are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, both as amended. These forward-looking statements represent the Company's current expectations regarding future events. The Company cautions that such statements are qualified by important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from expected results which may be contained in the forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the following:  regulations and other economic and political factors which affect the Company's ability to market its products internationally, changes in economic conditions that adversely affect demand for the Company's products, potential liquidity constraints, new product introductions by the Company's competitors, increased price competition, foreign currency fluctuations, rapid technological changes, dependence upon significant customers, availability and cost of components for the Company's products, the impact of any product liability or other adverse litigation, marketplace acceptance for the Company's new products, FDA and other governmental regulatory and enforcement actions, changes in reimbursement levels from third-party payers, changes to federal research and development grant programs utilized by the Company, and other factors described in greater detail in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.

- 14 -

Management Summary

The Company continues to focus its resources principally on the tissue oximetry market with its FORE-SIGHT cerebral oximetry technology. 

Consistent with that strategy, the Company divested two of its legacy product lines, over the past 18 months, both of which are being reported as discontinued operations.  Those product line asset sales have provided an aggregate of approximately $3,800,000 in proceeds through March 31, 2017, to support the Company's strategic objectives.

During the second quarter of 2016, the Company took steps to increase its cash balance and improve its liquidity. On June 30, 2016, a new loan agreement was secured in the amount of $10,500,000 which includes a 48-month term loan in the amount of $8,000,000 and a two-year revolving credit facility in the maximum amount of $2,500,000. The term loan provided additional working capital and deferred principal repayment until August 1, 2017, with an additional six months if the Company reaches certain product line sales targets. Management expects to exceed those sales targets. The Company had begun to make principal payments under the previous loan agreement as of January 1, 2016.

The proceeds from these transactions are providing working capital for ongoing research and development initiatives and the upgrade and expansion of our U.S. field selling organization to 17 territories.  In the first quarter, the Company made substantial progress toward that latter goal by hiring five new sales representatives, providing the Company with a total of 16 staffed sales territories.  Management believes that as its newer representatives gain tenure in the second half of the year, the Company should achieve increased sales.
 
Results of Operations
 
The Company incurred losses from continuing operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017, of $1,824,000, or ($0.08) per basic and diluted common share, compared to losses from continuing operations of $546,000, or ($0.03) per basic and diluted common share, for the three months ended March 31, 2016.  The losses from continuing operations for the prior-year period were favorably affected by an income tax benefit of $1,091,000. Losses from continuing operations before income taxes for the first quarter of 2017 were $1,813,000, compared to $1,637,000 for the first quarter of 2016.

Losses from discontinued operations, net of income taxes of $10,000, was $20,000 for the first quarter of 2017, compared to income from discontinued operations of $2,027,000, net of income taxes of $1,091,000, for the first quarter of 2016.  During March 2016, the Company sold its neonatal intensive care product line assets for $3,350,000. The sale resulted in a pre-tax gain from discontinued operations of approximately $2,911,000 and income tax expense of $1,019,000. The income tax expense was offset by an income tax benefit of $1,019,000, included in the $1,091,000 referred to above, which was recorded against losses generated from continuing operations. The Company does not expect to pay income taxes related to its 2016 or 2017 results.

For the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company incurred a net loss applicable to common stockholders of $2,231,000, or ($0.08) per basic and diluted common share, compared to net income applicable to common stockholders of $1,120,000, or $0.04 per basic and diluted common share, for the three months ended March 31, 2016.
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
- 15 -

The following table provides information with respect to net sales by major category for the three months ended March 31st:
 
Total Net Sales from Continuing Operations ($000's)
                   
                         
   
Three Months
   
Three Months
             
   
Ended
   
Ended
   
Increase /
   
%
 
   
March 31, 2017
   
March 31, 2016
   
(Decrease)
   
Change
 
                         
Tissue Oximetry Monitoring
 
$
4,337
   
$
4,277
   
$
60
     
1%
 
Traditional Monitoring
   
888
     
1,179
     
(291
)
   
(25%
)
   
$
5,225
   
$
5,456
   
$
(231
)
   
(4%
)
                                 
Domestic Sales
 
$
4,423
   
$
4,565
   
$
(142
)
   
(3%
)
International Sales
   
802
     
891
     
(89
)
   
(10%
)
   
$
5,225
   
$
5,456
   
$
(231
)
   
(4%
)
                                 
 
Total sales from continuing operations were $5,225,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017, a decrease of $231,000, or 4%, from sales of $5,456,000 for the same three months of the prior year.  Worldwide tissue oximetry product sales of $4,337,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017, were $60,000, or 1%, above the $4,277,000 reported for the same period in the prior year led by increased U.S. sales. Sales of traditional monitoring products were $888,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017, a decrease of $291,000, or 25%, from sales of $1,179,000 for the same prior-year period.  Lower OEM technology product sales to a significant customer were largely responsible for the shortfall.  Sales to this customer often vary widely from one period to another, and for the three months ended March 31, 2016, they were significantly above their normalized sales levels.

Sales of all products to U.S. customers accounted for $4,423,000, or 85%, of the total sales reported for the three months ended March 31, 2017, a decrease of $142,000, or 3%, from the $4,565,000 of U.S. sales reported for the three months ended March 31, 2016. International sales of all products accounted for $802,000, or 15%, of the total sales reported for the three months ended March 31, 2017, a decrease of $89,000, or 10%, from the $891,000 reported for the same period of the prior year.

The following table provides additional information with respect to tissue oximetry sales for the three months ended March 31st:
 
Tissue Oximetry Sales ($000's)
             
 
 
 
 
     
   
Three Months
Ended
March 31, 2017
   
Three Months
Ended
March 31, 2016
   
Increase /
(Decrease)
   
%
Change
 
                             
Sensor Sales
 
$
4,016
   
$
3,734
   
$
282
     
8%
 
Monitors & Accessories
 
321
 
543
   
(222
)
 
(41%
)
   
$
4,337
   
$
4,277
   
$
60
     
1%
 
                                 
Domestic Sales
 
$
3,701
   
$
3,534
   
$
167
     
5%
 
International Sales
   
636
     
743
     
(107
)
 
(14%
)
   
$
4,337
   
$
4,277
   
$
60
     
1%
 
                                 
 
Worldwide sales of tissue oximetry products increased 1% for the first quarter of 2017. Worldwide sensor sales increased 8% and were largely offset by a decrease in monitor sales. The Company shipped a net of 69 FORE-SIGHT monitors to customers in the first quarter, bringing the Company's worldwide net cumulative shipments of oximetry monitors, as of March 31, 2017, to 2,157 units, an increase of 21% above the net cumulative shipments of 1,788 units as of March 31, 2016, including the U.S. installed base which expanded to 1,158, a 21% increase over March 31, 2016.
 
 

- 16 -

U.S. tissue oximetry product sales increased 5% to $3,701,000, driven by an 8% increase in disposable sensor sales. International tissue oximetry product sales decreased $107,000, or 14%. Increases in disposable sensor sales of 2% were offset by lower monitor sales.

Gross profit was $2,844,000, or 54.4% of sales, for the three months ended March 31, 2017, compared to $2,881,000, or 52.8% of sales for the three months ended March 31, 2016. The gross profit improvement resulted primarily from lower manufacturing spending and favorable product mix driven by increased FORE-SIGHT sales both in total and as a percentage of the Company's overall sales. Tissue oximetry sales continue to grow as a percentage of the Company's overall sales, reaching 83% of total sales for the first quarter of 2017 led by disposable sensor sales which accounted for 77% of all Company sales. FORE-SIGHT sensor sales contain more favorable gross margin rates compared to our traditional monitoring products. Management expects gross profit rates to continue to improve as FORE-SIGHT ELITE® sensor sales expand and become an increasing percentage of overall sales.

Total operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2017, increased $75,000, or 2%, to $4,398,000, from $4,323,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2016.

Research and development expenses decreased $131,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017, to $824,000, from $955,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2016, primarily as a result of lower clinical evaluation costs.

Selling, general and administrative ("S,G&A") expenses of $3,574,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017, were $206,000, or 6%, above the $3,368,000 of S,G&A expenses incurred for the same period of the prior year, primarily due to allowances for bad debt principally associated with amounts due from discontinued operations.

Interest expense of $260,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017, reflected the borrowing costs associated with the Company's bank loans, including interest and amortization of deferred financing costs.

The Company does not expect to generate taxable income for its 2017 fiscal year.  Income tax benefits that may be generated during 2017 would be offset by a deferred income tax asset valuation allowance. Management established the valuation allowance as a result of cumulative pre-tax losses and its estimates of future taxable income. Management has continued to perform the required analysis regarding the realization of our deferred income tax assets, concluding that a full valuation allowance is warranted.

Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of March 31, 2017, the Company's cash and cash equivalents totaled $4,663,000, compared to $5,489,000 as of December 31, 2016. Working capital decreased $1,638,000 to $5,415,000 as of March 31, 2017, from $7,053,000 as of December 31, 2016.

Cash used in operating activities of continuing operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017, was $591,000, compared to cash used in operating activities of continuing operations of $1,670,000 for the same period in the prior year. The decrease in cash used from operations resulted from favorable changes in various working capital items, primarily accounts receivable, other current assets, accounts payable, and accrued expenses.

Cash used in investing activities of continuing operations was $83,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017, compared to cash provided by investing activities of continuing operations of $2,542,000 for the same period in the prior year. The cash provided during 2016 primarily reflects net cash proceeds received from the sale of the Company's neonatal disposable intensive care product line in March 2016.

Cash used in financing activities of continuing operations was $14,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2017, compared to $728,000 of cash used in financing activities of continuing operations for the three months ended March 31, 2016.  During the first quarter of 2016, the Company had made principal repayments of $705,000 against the term loan outstanding at that time with its previous lender.
 

 
- 17 -

On June 30, 2016, the Company entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the "Loan Agreement") with Solar Capital Ltd. and Western Alliance Bank (collectively, the "Lenders").  Pursuant to the Loan Agreement, the Lenders provided the Company with a 48-month secured term loan in the amount of $8,000,000 (the "Term Loan") and a revolving loan in the maximum amount of $2,500,000 (the "Revolver").  The Revolver expires on July 1, 2018, and the Term Loan matures on July 1, 2020.  The obligations under the Loan Agreement are secured by a lien on substantially all assets of the Company.

The Term Loan bears interest at a floating rate equal to 8.75% plus the 30-day LIBOR rate (9.53% as of March 31, 2017).  Under the Term Loan, 36 equal payments of $222,222 are scheduled to commence on August 1, 2017, with one final payment in an amount equal to the remaining principal balance on the final maturity date. Principal payments under the Term Loan may be deferred an additional six months if the Company reaches a specified product line sales target for the 12 months ending June 30, 2017.  Management expects to reach that target.

Revolver advances will bear interest at a floating rate equal to 2.5% plus the higher of 3.5% per annum or a specified prime rate.  Maximum borrowings under the Revolver are based upon the Company's eligible accounts receivable as defined in the Loan Agreement. There were no borrowings under the Revolver as of March 31, 2017, and the amount available for borrowing at that date was $1,847,000, according to the borrowing formula contained with the Loan Agreement and subject to other terms and conditions.

The Company has the right to prepay the loans under the Loan Agreement in full at any time.  If the Term Loan is prepaid prior to maturity, an additional fee of 2% of the Term Loan amount is due if such prepayment takes place within one year from the closing date, and thereafter, the additional fee declines to 1% for any prepayment taking place after such first anniversary and prior to the scheduled maturity date.  Amounts prepaid under the Term Loan may not be re-borrowed.  Upon repayment of the Term Loan at any time, the Lenders are entitled to an additional fee equal to 4% of the Term Loan amount.  A separate early termination fee equal to 1% of the Revolver commitment amount is payable only if the Revolver is terminated on or before the one-year anniversary of the closing date.

The Loan Agreement contains customary affirmative covenants, including covenants regarding the payment of taxes and other obligations, maintenance of insurance, reporting requirements, and compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Further, the Loan Agreement contains customary negative covenants limiting the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries, among other things, to grant liens on the pledged collateral, incur additional indebtedness, make certain investments and acquisitions, and dispose of assets outside the ordinary course of business. The Loan Agreement also contains a financial covenant requiring the Company to maintain a continuing level of cash plus available borrowing capacity based on a formula.  Management believes the Company was in compliance with all covenants as of March 31, 2017.

The Company has also financed its directors' and officers' insurance premiums under a note payable in the amount of $87,565 which is scheduled to be repaid by September 2017.

As of March 31, 2017, the Company had cash and cash equivalents plus available borrowings under its revolving loan totaling $6,510,000, which the Company believes are sufficient to support the Company's operations through at least May 15, 2018. The Company expects to continue to require cash for its operations during these periods.  The Company may seek changes in its debt instruments, a sale of certain assets, reductions in planned operating expenses, and/or may seek to raise additional capital to support its operations should the need arise.  Management believes that it can execute on one or more of these initiatives or obtain additional financing; however, there can be no assurance that such actions can be consummated or additional financing be obtained on acceptable terms or at all.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The Company's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations are based on the consolidated financial statements.  The preparation of these financial statements requires the Company to make estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported in them.  The Company's critical accounting policies and estimates include those related to revenue recognition, the valuations of inventories and deferred income tax assets, measuring stock compensation and warranty costs, determining useful lives of intangible assets, and making asset impairment valuations.  The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances.  Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.  For additional information about the Company's critical accounting policies and estimates, see Item 7 and Note (2) of the financial statements included in the Company's Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.  There were no significant changes in critical accounting policies and estimates during the three months ended March 31, 2017.
 

 
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On August 27, 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity's Ability to Continue as a Going Concern.  Prior to the new guidance, there was no specific guidance in US GAAP about management's responsibility to evaluate and report on going concern.  ASU 2014-15 requires management to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity's ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued and to provide related disclosures.  The new standard was effective for the Company for the year ended December 31, 2016.  Management has reviewed the guidance provided by ASU 2014-15 and does not believe that conditions and events exist in the aggregate which impact the Company's ability to continue as a going concern.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases - Topic 842. ASU 2016-02 requires the recognition by lessees on the balance sheet of lease assets and lease liabilities for those leases classified as operating leases. The new standard is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued.  The Company is evaluating the impact that this standard will have on its financial statements and results of operations.

In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2016-10 amends the revenue recognition standard it had issued in May 2014 (ASU 2014-09).  The core principle of the guidance in Topic 606 is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods and services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which an entity expected to be entitled in exchange for those goods and services.  The amendments in ASU 2016-10 clarify the identification of performance obligations and the licensing implementation guidance. The new standard is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods therein.  The Company is evaluating the effect that this standard will have on its financial statements and results of operations; however, it does not expect the new standard to have a significant impact. The Company recognizes revenue at the time of transfer of its products to its customers based upon shipping terms. Further, the Company does not incur post-shipment obligations with the exception of product warranties, which are generally fulfilled from its corporate facility and which are not material relative to the sale of the product.


ITEM 3.   QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

The Company at times has certain exposures to market risk related to changes in interest rates and exchange rates. The Company holds no derivative securities for trading or other purposes and is not subject in any material respect to commodity risk. Although the Company sells its products worldwide in U.S. dollars and has only limited currency risks, changes in foreign currency exchange rates could make our products less price competitive in our international markets.

 
ITEM 4.   CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

The Company maintains disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the Company's Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company's management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure based on the definition of "disclosure controls and procedures" in Rule 13a-15(e).  In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management necessarily is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

The Company carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company's management, including the Company's Chief Executive Officer and the Company's Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2017. Based upon the foregoing evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of that date.
 
 
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There have been no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended March 31, 2017, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

Reference is made to the Certifications of the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer about these and other matters attached as Exhibits 31.1, 31.2, and 32.1 to this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.
 
 
 


PART II – OTHER INFORMATION



ITEM 6.   EXHIBITS

31.1
Certification pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of Thomas M. Patton, President and Chief Executive Officer
 
31.2
Certification pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of Jeffery A. Baird, Chief Financial Officer
 
32.1
Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350 of Periodic Financial Report of Thomas M. Patton, President and Chief Executive Officer, and Jeffery A. Baird, Chief Financial Officer
 
101
Interactive data files pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

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SIGNATURES


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 
 
CAS MEDICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
(Registrant)
 
 
   
/s/ Thomas M. Patton
Date:  May 10, 2017
By:   Thomas M. Patton
 
         President and Chief Executive Officer  
   
 
 
   
/s/ Jeffery A. Baird
Date:  May 10, 2017
By:   Jeffery A. Baird
 
         Chief Financial Officer  
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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