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CBS 10-Q 2014
2014Q3 10Q


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2014
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
Commission File Number 001-09553
CBS CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
04-2949533
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
51 W. 52nd Street, New York, New York
(Address of principal executive offices)
10019
(Zip Code)
(212) 975-4321
Registrant's telephone number, including area code
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o    No x
Number of shares of common stock outstanding at October 31, 2014:
Class A Common Stock, par value $.001 per share—37,849,903
Class B Common Stock, par value $.001 per share—480,424,203
 




CBS CORPORATION
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) for the
Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 and September 30, 2013
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited) for the
Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 and September 30, 2013
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 and September 30, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

- 2-



PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements.
CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited; in millions, except per share amounts)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Revenues
$
3,367

 
$
3,302

 
$
10,125

 
$
10,434

Expenses:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Operating
1,936

 
1,801

 
5,855

 
6,002

Selling, general and administrative
617

 
667

 
1,793

 
1,905

Restructuring charges (Note 12)
26

 

 
26

 

Impairment charge (Note 5)
52

 

 
52

 

Depreciation and amortization
68

 
70

 
210

 
217

Total expenses
2,699

 
2,538

 
7,936

 
8,124

Operating income
668

 
764

 
2,189

 
2,310

Interest expense
(89
)
 
(93
)
 
(276
)
 
(281
)
Interest income
4

 
2

 
10

 
6

Loss on early extinguishment of debt (Note 7)
(352
)
 

 
(352
)
 

Other items, net
(21
)
 
6

 
(10
)
 
(2
)
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
and equity in loss of investee companies
210

 
679

 
1,561

 
2,033

Provision for income taxes
(110
)
 
(226
)
 
(561
)
 
(678
)
Equity in loss of investee companies, net of tax
(28
)
 
(22
)
 
(48
)
 
(39
)
Net earnings from continuing operations
72

 
431

 
952

 
1,316

Net earnings from discontinued operations, net of tax (Note 3)
1,567

 
63

 
1,594

 
93

Net earnings
$
1,639

 
$
494

 
$
2,546

 
$
1,409

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net earnings per common share:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Net earnings from continuing operations
$
.14


$
.71


$
1.69


$
2.15

Net earnings from discontinued operations
$
2.95


$
.10


$
2.84


$
.15

Net earnings
$
3.08


$
.82


$
4.53


$
2.31

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted net earnings per common share:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Net earnings from continuing operations
$
.13


$
.70


$
1.66


$
2.10

Net earnings from discontinued operations
$
2.90


$
.10


$
2.78


$
.15

Net earnings
$
3.03


$
.80


$
4.44


$
2.25

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Basic
532

 
603

 
562

 
611

Diluted
541


618


574


627

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends per common share
$
.15

 
$
.12

 
$
.39

 
$
.36

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

- 3-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited; in millions)

 
Three Months Ended,
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Net earnings
$
1,639

 
$
494

 
$
2,546

 
$
1,409

Other comprehensive income from continuing operations, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cumulative translation adjustments

 
5

 
(7
)
 
5

Amortization of net actuarial loss
6

 
10

 
20

 
32

Changes in fair value of cash flow hedges

 
1

 

 

Unrealized gains on securities

 

 

 
1

Other comprehensive income from continuing operations, net of tax
6

 
16

 
13

 
38

Other comprehensive income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

 
4

 
15

 
(14
)
Reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) from discontinued operations to net earnings
(30
)
 
(178
)
 
(30
)

(178
)
Total other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(24
)
 
(158
)
 
(2
)
 
(154
)
Total comprehensive income
$
1,615


$
336


$
2,544


$
1,255

See notes to consolidated financial statements.


- 4-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited; in millions, except per share amounts)

 
At
 
At
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
178

 
 
 
$
368

 
Receivables, less allowances of $54 (2014) and $60 (2013)
 
3,378

 
 
 
3,234

 
Programming and other inventory (Note 4)
 
1,136

 
 
 
772

 
Deferred income tax assets, net
 
155

 
 
 
152

 
Prepaid income taxes
 
83

 
 
 

 
Prepaid expenses
 
146

 
 
 
109

 
Other current assets
 
328

 
 
 
384

 
Current assets of discontinued operations (Note 3)
 

 
 
 
351

 
Total current assets
 
5,404

 
 
 
5,370

 
Property and equipment
 
3,125

 
 
 
3,060

 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
1,731

 
 
 
1,599

 
Net property and equipment
 
1,394

 
 
 
1,461

 
Programming and other inventory (Note 4)
 
1,621

 
 
 
1,697

 
Goodwill (Note 5)
 
6,609

 
 
 
6,588

 
Intangible assets
 
5,848

 
 
 
5,870

 
Other assets
 
2,262

 
 
 
1,963

 
Assets held for sale (Note 5)
 
262

 
 
 
314

 
Assets of discontinued operations (Note 3)
 
55

 
 
 
3,124

 
Total Assets
 
$
23,455




$
26,387

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 


 
 
 


 
Current Liabilities:
 


 
 
 


 
Accounts payable
 
$
196

 
 
 
$
286

 
Accrued compensation
 
263

 
 
 
376

 
Participants' share and royalties payable
 
914

 
 
 
1,008

 
Program rights
 
317

 
 
 
398

 
Deferred revenues
 
161

 
 
 
269

 
Income taxes payable
 

 
 
 
54

 
Commercial paper (Note 7)
 
431

 
 
 
475

 
Current portion of long-term debt (Note 7)
 
20

 
 
 
20

 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
 
1,058

 
 
 
1,067

 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations (Note 3)
 
37

 
 
 
254

 
Total current liabilities
 
3,397

 
 
 
4,207

 
Long-term debt (Note 7)
 
6,508

 
 
 
5,940

 
Pension and postretirement benefit obligations
 
1,272

 
 
 
1,327

 
Deferred income tax liabilities, net
 
1,489

 
 
 
1,314

 
Other liabilities
 
3,125

 
 
 
3,156

 
Liabilities of discontinued operations (Note 3)
 
138

 
 
 
477

 
 
 


 
 
 


 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)
 


 
 
 


 
 
 


 
 
 


 
Stockholders' Equity:
 


 
 
 


 
Class A Common stock, par value $.001 per share; 375 shares authorized;
 38 (2014) and 39 (2013) shares issued
 

 
 
 

 
Class B Common stock, par value $.001 per share; 5,000 shares authorized;
 816 (2014) and 801 (2013) shares issued
 
1

 
 
 
1

 
Additional paid-in capital
 
44,022

 
 
 
43,474

 
Accumulated deficit
 
(22,344
)
 
 
 
(24,890
)
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (Note 9)
 
(547
)
 
 
 
(545
)
 
 
 
21,132

 
 
 
18,040

 
Less treasury stock, at cost; 334 (2014) and 244 (2013) Class B shares
 
13,606

 
 
 
8,074

 
Total Stockholders' Equity
 
7,526

 
 
 
9,966

 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
$
23,455

 
 
 
$
26,387

 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

- 5-


CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited; in millions)
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
2,546

 
$
1,409

Less: Net earnings from discontinued operations
1,594

 
93

Net earnings from continuing operations
952


1,316

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings from continuing operations to net cash flow
provided by operating activities from continuing operations:





Depreciation and amortization
210


217

Impairment charge
52

 

Stock-based compensation
117


163

Equity in loss of investee companies, net of tax and distributions
56


44

Change in assets and liabilities, net of investing and financing activities
(1,151
)

(341
)
Net cash flow provided by operating activities from continuing operations
236


1,399

Net cash flow provided by (used for) operating activities from discontinued operations
52


(79
)
Net cash flow provided by operating activities
288


1,320

Investing Activities:





Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(27
)

(20
)
Capital expenditures
(112
)

(112
)
Investments in and advances to investee companies
(68
)

(144
)
Proceeds from sale of investments
3


20

Proceeds from dispositions
7


185

Net cash flow used for investing activities from continuing operations
(197
)

(71
)
Net cash flow used for investing activities from discontinued operations
(271
)

(45
)
Net cash flow used for investing activities
(468
)

(116
)
Financing Activities:





(Repayments of) proceeds from short-term debt borrowings, net
(44
)

341

Proceeds from issuance of notes
1,729

 

Repayment of notes and debentures
(1,152
)


Payment of capital lease obligations
(13
)

(13
)
Payment of contingent consideration


(30
)
Dividends
(214
)

(228
)
Purchase of Company common stock
(2,830
)

(1,864
)
Payment of payroll taxes in lieu of issuing shares for stock-based compensation
(146
)

(142
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
237


121

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation
227


128

Other financing activities


(4
)
Net cash flow used for financing activities from continuing operations
(2,206
)

(1,691
)
Net cash flow provided by financing activities from discontinued operations
2,167


5

Net cash flow used for financing activities
(39
)

(1,686
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(219
)

(482
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
(includes $29 (2014) and $21(2013) of discontinued operations cash)
397


708

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
(includes $24 (2013) of discontinued operations cash)
$
178


$
226

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information





Cash paid for interest from continuing operations, including early redemption premiums
$
661

 
$
283

Cash paid for income taxes from continuing operations
$
227

 
$
196

Noncash proceeds from split-off (Note 3)
$
2,721

 
$

Equipment acquired under capital leases
$
1

 
$
58

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

- 6-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

1) BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Description of Business-CBS Corporation (together with its consolidated subsidiaries unless the context otherwise requires, the “Company” or “CBS Corp.”) is comprised of the following segments: Entertainment (CBS Television, comprised of the CBS Television Network, CBS Television Studios and CBS Global Distribution Group; CBS Interactive and CBS Films), Cable Networks (Showtime Networks, CBS Sports Network and Smithsonian Networks), Publishing (Simon & Schuster) and Local Broadcasting (CBS Television Stations and CBS Radio). On April 2, 2014, CBS Outdoor Americas Inc. (“Outdoor Americas”), which had been a subsidiary of the Company, completed an initial public offering (“IPO”) through which it sold 23.0 million shares, or approximately 19%, of its common stock. On July 16, 2014, the Company completed the split-off of Outdoor Americas through which the Company accepted 44.7 million shares of CBS Corp. Class B Common Stock from its stockholders in exchange for the 97.0 million shares, or approximately 81%, of Outdoor Americas common stock that it owned (the "Split-Off"). During 2013, the Company completed the sale of its outdoor advertising business in Europe (“Outdoor Europe”). Outdoor Americas and Outdoor Europe have been presented as discontinued operations in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Basis of Presentation-The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the more detailed financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Form 8-K filed on August 8, 2014, which recasts the financial information in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 to present Outdoor Americas as a discontinued operation.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal and recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Company for the periods presented. Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.

Use of Estimates-The preparation of the Company’s financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Net Earnings per Common Share-Basic net earnings per share (“EPS”) is based upon net earnings divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS reflects the effect of the assumed exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and market-based performance share units (“PSUs”) only in the periods in which such effect would have been dilutive. For each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, stock options to purchase 2 million shares of Class B Common Stock were outstanding but excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.

- 7-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

The table below presents a reconciliation of weighted average shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted EPS.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
(in millions)
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Weighted average shares for basic EPS
532

 
603

 
562

 
611

Dilutive effect of shares issuable under stock-based
compensation plans
9

 
15

 
12

 
16

Weighted average shares for diluted EPS
541

 
618

 
574

 
627

Other Liabilities-Other liabilities consist primarily of the noncurrent portion of residual liabilities of previously disposed businesses, participants’ share and royalties payable, program rights obligations, deferred compensation and other employee benefit accruals.

Additional Paid-In Capital-For the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, the Company recorded dividends of $218 million and $222 million, respectively, as a reduction to additional paid-in capital as the Company had an accumulated deficit balance.

Adoption of New Accounting Standards
Presentation of Reserves for Uncertain Tax Positions when a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists
During the first quarter of 2014, the Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (‘‘FASB’’) guidance on the presentation of the reserve for uncertain tax positions when a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward exists. This guidance requires the reserve for uncertain tax positions to be presented in the financial statements as a reduction to the deferred tax asset for a tax loss or other tax carryforward that would be applied in the settlement of the uncertain tax position. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

Obligations Resulting from Joint and Several Liability Arrangements
During the first quarter of 2014, the Company adopted FASB guidance on the recognition, measurement and disclosure of obligations resulting from joint and several liability arrangements for which the total amount of the obligation is fixed at the reporting date. Under this guidance, the Company is required to measure its obligations under such arrangements as the sum of the amount it agreed to pay in the arrangement among its co-obligors and any additional amount the Company expects to pay on behalf of its co-obligors. The Company is also required to disclose the nature and amount of the obligation. The adoption of this guidance did not have an effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

Recent Pronouncements

Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern

In August 2014, the FASB issued guidance which requires management to evaluate, for each interim and annual reporting period, whether there are conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about an entity's ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date the financial statements are issued. If management identifies conditions or events that raise substantial doubt, disclosures are required in the financial statements, including any plans that will alleviate the substantial doubt about the entity's ability to continue as a going concern.

- 8-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

This guidance, which is effective for the first annual period ending after December 15, 2016, is not expected to have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

Accounting for Share-Based Payments When the Terms of an Award Provide That a Performance Target Could Be Achieved after the Requisite Service Period
In June 2014, the FASB issued guidance on the accounting for stock-based compensation when the terms of an award provide that a performance target that affects vesting could be achieved after the requisite service period. Under this guidance such performance target should not be reflected in estimating the grant-date fair value of the award. Compensation cost should be recognized in the period in which it becomes probable that the performance target will be achieved and should represent the compensation cost attributable to the period(s) for which the requisite service has already been rendered. This guidance, which is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015, is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Revenue from Contracts with Customers
In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance on the recognition of revenues which provides a single, comprehensive revenue recognition model for all contracts with customers and supersedes most existing revenue recognition guidance. The main principle under this guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue at the amount it expects to be entitled to in exchange for the transfer of goods or services to customers. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance, which is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 with early adoption not permitted.

Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity
In April 2014, the FASB issued amended guidance which changes the requirements for reporting discontinued operations and requires additional disclosures about discontinued operations and disposals of components of an entity that do not qualify for discontinued operations reporting. Under this guidance, only a disposal of a component of an entity or a group of components of an entity that represent a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on the company’s operations and financial results should be reported in discontinued operations. The guidance also expands the definition of a discontinued operation to include a business or nonprofit activity that, on acquisition, meets the criteria to be classified as held for sale and disposals of equity method investments that meet the definition of discontinued operations. This guidance is effective prospectively for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2014. Early adoption is permitted for disposals that have not been reported in financial statements previously issued or available for issuance.

2) STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
The following table summarizes the Company's stock-based compensation expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
RSUs and PSUs
$
33

 
$
34

 
$
102

 
$
97

Stock options and equivalents

 
23

 
15

 
66

Stock-based compensation expense, before income taxes
33

 
57

 
117

 
163

Related tax benefit
(12
)
 
(22
)
 
(45
)
 
(63
)
Stock-based compensation expense, net of tax benefit
$
21

 
$
35

 
$
72

 
$
100


- 9-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Included in net earnings from discontinued operations is stock-based compensation expense of $5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, and $10 million and $14 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, respectively.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company granted 2 million RSUs for CBS Corp. Class B common stock with a weighted average per unit grant date fair value of $65.13. RSU grants during the first nine months of 2014 generally vest over a one- to four-year service period. Compensation expense for RSUs is determined based upon the market price of the shares underlying the awards on the date of grant. For certain RSU awards the number of shares an employee earns ranges from 0% to 120% of the target award, based on the outcome of established performance goals. Compensation expense is recorded based on the probable outcome of the performance conditions. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company also granted 2 million stock options with a weighted average exercise price of $65.91. Stock option grants during the first nine months of 2014 generally vest over a four-year service period and expire eight years from the date of grant. Compensation expense for stock options is determined based on the grant date fair value of the award calculated using the Black-Scholes options-pricing model.

Total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested RSUs at September 30, 2014 was $221 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.4 years. Total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock option awards at September 30, 2014 was $64 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.5 years.

3) DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
In connection with the Company's plan to dispose of Outdoor Americas, in January 2014 Outdoor Americas borrowed $1.60 billion. On April 2, 2014, Outdoor Americas completed an IPO through which it sold 23.0 million shares, or approximately 19%, of its common stock for $28.00 per share. Proceeds from the IPO aggregated $615 million, net of underwriting discounts and commissions. The Company received $2.04 billion of the combined IPO and debt proceeds from Outdoor Americas.

Upon completion of the IPO, the Company owned 97.0 million shares, or approximately 81% of Outdoor Americas. On July 16, 2014, the Company completed the disposition of its 81% ownership of Outdoor Americas common stock through the tax-free Split-Off. In connection with the Split-Off, the Company accepted 44.7 million shares of CBS Corp. Class B Common Stock from its stockholders in exchange for the 97.0 million shares of Outdoor Americas common stock that it owned. As a result, Outdoor Americas has been presented as a discontinued operation in the Company’s consolidated financial statements for all periods presented. This transaction resulted in a gain of $1.56 billion for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 which is calculated as follows:
Fair value of CBS Corp. Class B Common Stock accepted
 
$
2,721

(44,723,131 shares at $60.85 per share on July 16, 2014)
 
 
Carrying value of Outdoor Americas
 
(1,162
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
 
30

Transaction costs
 
(32
)
Net gain on split-off of Outdoor Americas
 
$
1,557


- 10-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

The Split-Off is accounted for as a tax-free transaction and therefore, there is no tax impact on the gain. In aggregate, the Company received $4.76 billion from the disposition of Outdoor Americas, including proceeds from Outdoor Americas' IPO and debt borrowings and shares received in the Split-Off.

The following table sets forth details of the net earnings from discontinued operations. For 2013, net earnings from discontinued operations also included the operating results and gain on the disposal of Outdoor Europe during September 2013. Included in the loss from discontinued operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 is an after-tax charge of $110 million related to Outdoor Europe. This charge was associated with exiting an unprofitable contractual arrangement and the estimated fair value of guarantees, which historically were intercompany but upon the closing of the transaction became third-party guarantees (See Note 11).

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2014

2013

2014

2013
Revenues from discontinued operations
$
55


$
477


$
677


$
1,351

Earnings (loss) from discontinued operations
$
5


$
(128
)

$
59


$
(83
)
Income tax benefit (provision)
5


44


(17
)

29

Earnings (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
10


(84
)

42


(54
)
Gain on disposal
1,557

 
149

 
1,557

 
149

Income tax provision

 
(2
)
 

 
(2
)
Gain on disposal, net of tax
1,557

 
147

 
1,557

 
147

Less: Net earnings from discontinued operations
attributable to noncontrolling interest, net of tax




5



Net earnings from discontinued operations attributable to
CBS Corp.
$
1,567


$
63


$
1,594


$
93

The following table presents the major classes of assets and liabilities of the Company's discontinued operations.
 
At
 
At
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Current assets
 
$

 
 
 
$
351

 
Goodwill
 

 
 
 
1,866

 
Intangible assets
 

 
 
 
366

 
Net property and equipment
 

 
 
 
763

 
Other assets
 
55

 
 
 
129

 
Total Assets
 
$
55

 
 
 
$
3,475

 
Current liabilities
 
$
37

 
 
 
$
254

 
Other liabilities
 
138

 
 
 
477

 
Total Liabilities
 
$
175

 
 
 
$
731

 
Other liabilities of discontinued operations of $138 million and $477 million at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively, primarily include tax reserves related to previously disposed businesses and the estimated fair value of guarantee liabilities of approximately $40 million associated with the disposition of Outdoor Europe. At December 31, 2013, other liabilities of discontinued operations also included deferred tax liabilities related to Outdoor Americas.


- 11-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

4) PROGRAMMING AND OTHER INVENTORY
 
At
 
At
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Program rights
 
$
1,648

 
 
 
$
1,331

 
Television programming:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Released (including acquired libraries)
 
700

 
 
 
878

 
In process and other
 
293

 
 
 
139

 
Theatrical programming:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Released
 
27

 
 
 
38

 
In process and other
 
31

 
 
 
32

 
Publishing, primarily finished goods
 
58

 
 
 
51

 
Total programming and other inventory
 
2,757

 
 
 
2,469

 
Less current portion
 
1,136

 
 
 
772

 
Total noncurrent programming and other inventory
 
$
1,621

 
 
 
$
1,697

 

5) IMPAIRMENT CHARGE
On October 2, 2014, the Company announced that it entered into an agreement with Beasley Broadcast Group, Inc. to swap 13 of the Company's mid-size market radio stations in Tampa and Charlotte, as well as one radio station in Philadelphia, for two radio stations in Philadelphia, and three radio stations in Miami. This transaction is subject to customary closing conditions. The assets associated with these radio stations, primarily consisting of goodwill and other intangible assets, have been classified as held for sale on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets. During the third quarter of 2014, in connection with the swap, the Company recorded a pre-tax noncash impairment charge of $52 million to reduce the carrying value of the allocated goodwill.

6) RELATED PARTIES
National Amusements, Inc. National Amusements, Inc. (“NAI”) is the controlling stockholder of CBS Corp. and Viacom Inc. Mr. Sumner M. Redstone, the controlling stockholder, chairman of the board of directors and chief executive officer of NAI, is the Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors and founder of both CBS Corp. and Viacom Inc. In addition, Ms. Shari Redstone, Mr. Sumner M. Redstone’s daughter, is the president and a director of NAI and the vice chair of the Board of Directors of both CBS Corp. and Viacom Inc. Mr. David R. Andelman is a director of CBS Corp. and serves as a director of NAI. Mr. Frederic V. Salerno is a director of CBS Corp. and serves as a director of Viacom Inc. At September 30, 2014, NAI directly or indirectly owned approximately 79.6% of CBS Corp.’s voting Class A Common Stock, and owned approximately 7.6% of CBS Corp.’s Class A Common Stock and non-voting Class B Common Stock on a combined basis.

Viacom Inc. As part of its normal course of business, the Company licenses its television content, leases production facilities and sells advertising spots to various subsidiaries of Viacom Inc. Viacom Inc. also distributes certain of the Company’s television programs in the home entertainment market. The Company’s total revenues from these transactions were $54 million and $42 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and $150 million and $168 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

The Company places advertisements with and leases production facilities from various subsidiaries of Viacom Inc. The total amounts for these transactions were $6 million and $7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, and $14 million and $17 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

- 12-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

The following table presents the amounts due from Viacom Inc. in the normal course of business as reflected on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. Amounts due to Viacom Inc. were minimal at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013.
 
At
 
At
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Receivables
 
$
95

 
 
 
$
84

 
Other assets (Receivables, noncurrent)
 
88

 
 
 
115

 
Total amounts due from Viacom Inc.
 
$
183

 
 
 
$
199

 

Other Related Parties. The Company has equity interests in two domestic television networks and several international joint ventures for television channels, from which the Company earns revenues primarily by selling its television programming. Total revenues earned from sales to these joint ventures were $18 million for each of the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 and $81 million and $79 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

The Company, through the normal course of business, is involved in transactions with other related parties that have not been material in any of the periods presented.
7) BANK FINANCING AND DEBT
The following table sets forth the Company’s debt.

At
 
At

September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Commercial paper

$
431




$
475


Senior debt (1.95% - 8.875% due 2014 - 2044) (a)

6,427




5,848


Obligations under capital leases

101




112


Total debt

6,959




6,435


Less commercial paper

431




475


Less current portion of long-term debt

20




20


Total long-term debt, net of current portion

$
6,508




$
5,940


(a) At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the senior debt balances included (i) a net unamortized discount of $22 million and $13 million, respectively, and (ii) an increase in the carrying value of the debt relating to previously settled fair value hedges of $15 million and $18 million, respectively. The balance at September 30, 2014, also included a decrease in the carrying value of the debt relating to outstanding fair value hedges of $6 million. The face value of the Company’s senior debt was $6.44 billion and $5.84 billion at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.

- 13-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, debt issuances, redemptions and repurchases were as follows:
Debt Issuances
 
August 2014, $600 million 2.30% senior notes due 2019
 
August 2014, $600 million 3.70% senior notes due 2024
 
August 2014, $550 million 4.90% senior notes due 2044
 
 
Debt Redemptions
 
$99 million 8.875% notes due 2014
 
$264 million 8.875% senior notes due 2019
 
 
Debt Repurchases
 
$336 million 8.875% senior notes due 2019, through a tender offer
 
$37 million 7.875% debentures due 2023, through a tender offer
 
$6 million 7.125% senior notes due 2023, through a tender offer
 
$423 million 7.875% senior debentures due 2030, through a tender offer

The debt repurchases and early debt redemption resulted in a pre-tax loss on early extinguishment of debt of $352 million ($219 million, net of tax) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014.

All of the Company's long-term debt has been issued under fixed interest rate agreements. During the third quarter of 2014, the Company entered into $600 million notional amount of fixed-to-floating rate swap agreements to hedge the Company's 2.30% senior notes that were issued in the third quarter of 2014. These interest rate swaps are designated as fair value hedges (See Note 13).

Commercial Paper
The Company had outstanding commercial paper borrowings under its $2.0 billion commercial paper program of $431 million at September 30, 2014 and $475 million at December 31, 2013, each at a weighted average interest rate of 0.3% and with maturities of less than thirty days.

Credit Facility
At September 30, 2014, the Company had a $2.0 billion revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) which expires in March 2018. The Credit Facility requires the Company to maintain a maximum Consolidated Leverage Ratio of 4.5x at the end of each quarter as further described in the Credit Facility. At September 30, 2014, the Company’s Consolidated Leverage Ratio was approximately 2.0x.

The Consolidated Leverage Ratio is the ratio of the Company’s indebtedness from continuing operations, adjusted to exclude certain capital lease obligations, at the end of a quarter, to the Company’s Consolidated EBITDA for the trailing four consecutive quarters. Consolidated EBITDA is defined in the Credit Facility as operating income plus interest income and before depreciation, amortization and certain other noncash items.

The Credit Facility is used for general corporate purposes. At September 30, 2014, the Company had no borrowings outstanding under the Credit Facility and the remaining availability under the Credit Facility, net of outstanding letters of credit, was $1.99 billion.


- 14-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

8) PENSION AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS
The components of net periodic cost for the Company's pension and postretirement benefit plans were as follows:
 
Pension Benefits
 
Postretirement Benefits
Three Months Ended September 30,
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Components of net periodic cost:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
8

 
$
8

 
$

 
$

Interest cost
60

 
54

 
6

 
6

Expected return on plan assets
(65
)
 
(69
)
 

 

Amortization of actuarial loss (gain) (a)
16

 
21

 
(6
)
 
(4
)
Net periodic cost
$
19

 
$
14

 
$

 
$
2

 
Pension Benefits
 
Postretirement Benefits
Nine Months Ended September 30,
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Components of net periodic cost:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
24

 
$
28

 
$

 
$

Interest cost
178

 
158

 
18

 
18

Expected return on plan assets
(197
)
 
(203
)
 

 

Amortization of actuarial loss (gain) (a)
48

 
65

 
(16
)
 
(12
)
Net periodic cost
$
53

 
$
48

 
$
2

 
$
6

(a) Reflects amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to net earnings.
9) STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
During the third quarter of 2014, the Company repurchased 6.9 million shares of its Class B Common Stock for $400 million, at an average cost of $57.91 per share. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company repurchased 45.4 million shares of its Class B Common Stock for $2.81 billion, at an average cost of $61.94 per share, leaving $5.60 billion of authorization remaining under its share repurchase program at September 30, 2014. Share repurchases during 2014 were partly funded by proceeds of $2.04 billion received from Outdoor Americas' IPO and debt borrowings (See Note 3).

On July 16, 2014, the Company completed the Split-Off through which it received 44.7 million shares of CBS Corp. Class B Common Stock in exchange for the 97.0 million shares of Outdoor Americas common stock that it owned (See Note 3).

On August 7, 2014, the Company announced a 25% increase in the quarterly cash dividend on its Class A and Class B Common Stock to $.15 per share from $.12 per share. The total third quarter dividend was $79 million of which $78 million was paid on October 1, 2014 and $1 million was accrued to be paid upon vesting of RSUs. Total dividends for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 were $218 million.

During the second quarter of 2014, in connection with the IPO of Outdoor Americas (See Note 3), the Company recorded an increase to additional paid-in capital of $313 million for the excess of the proceeds received from the IPO over the carrying value of the 19% noncontrolling interest.

- 15-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following tables summarize the changes in the components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss).
 
Continuing Operations
 
Discontinued Operations
 
 
 
Cumulative
Translation
Adjustments
 
Net Actuarial
Gain (Loss)
and Prior
Service Cost
 
Unrealized
Gains on
Securities
 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
At December 31, 2013
$
166

 
$
(729
)
 
$
3

 
$
15

 
$
(545
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
(7
)
 

 

 
15

 
8

Reclassifications to net earnings

 
20

(a) 

 
(30
)
(b) 
(10
)
Net other comprehensive income (loss)
(7
)
 
20



 
(15
)
 
(2
)
At September 30, 2014
$
159

 
$
(709
)

$
3

 
$

 
$
(547
)
 
Continuing Operations
 
Discontinued
Operations
 
 
 
Cumulative
Translation
Adjustments
 
Net Actuarial Gain (Loss) and Prior Service Cost
 
Unrealized Gains on Securities
 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
At December 31, 2012
$
168

 
$
(936
)
 
$
2

 
$
197

 
$
(569
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
5

 

 
1

 
(14
)
 
(8
)
Reclassifications to net earnings

 
32

(a) 

 
(178
)
(b) 
(146
)
Net other comprehensive income (loss)
5

 
32

 
1

 
(192
)
 
(154
)
At September 30, 2013
$
173

 
$
(904
)
 
$
3

 
$
5

 
$
(723
)
(a)
Reflects amortization of net actuarial losses. See Note 8.
(b)
Reclassified in connection with the disposal of Outdoor Americas in 2014 and Outdoor Europe in 2013. See Note 3.

The net actuarial gain (loss) and prior service cost related to pension and other postretirement benefit plans included in other comprehensive income (loss) is net of a tax provision of $12 million and $21 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

- 16-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

10) INCOME TAXES
The provision for income taxes represents federal, state and local, and foreign income taxes on earnings from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in loss of investee companies.

The provision for income taxes was $110 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 and $226 million for the three months ended September 30, 2013, reflecting an effective income tax rate of 52.4% and 33.3%, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the provision for income taxes was $561 million compared to $678 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2013, reflecting an effective income tax rate of 35.9% and 33.3%, respectively. The Company's income tax provision for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 included a tax benefit of $133 million associated with the loss on early extinguishment of debt of $352 million; a tax provision of $22 million associated with the noncash impairment charge of $52 million to reduce the carrying value of the allocated goodwill in connection with a radio station swap; and the establishment of a tax reserve of $19 million for the retroactive impact of an uncertain tax position in a foreign jurisdiction.

The Company is currently under examination by the IRS for the years 2011 and 2012 and expects to settle the audit in the first quarter of 2015. In addition, during the next six months, the Company expects a decrease to its reserve for uncertain tax positions related to an audit in a foreign jurisdiction of a previously disposed business that is accounted for as a discontinued operation. Various tax years are also currently under examination by state and local and other foreign tax authorities. With respect to open tax years in all jurisdictions, the Company currently believes that it is reasonably possible that the reserve for uncertain tax positions will decrease within the next twelve months; however, as it is difficult to predict the final outcome of any particular tax matter, an estimate of any related impact to the reserve for uncertain tax positions cannot currently be determined.
11) COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Guarantees
During 2013, the Company completed the sale of Outdoor Europe to an affiliate of Platinum Equity. The Company continues to be the guarantor of Outdoor Europe’s franchise payment obligations under certain transit franchise agreements. Generally, the Company would be required to perform under the guarantees in the event of non-performance by the buyer. These agreements have varying terms, with the majority of the obligations guaranteed under these agreements expiring by September 2016. At September 30, 2014, the total franchise payment obligations under these agreements are estimated to be approximately $200 million, which will decrease on a monthly basis thereafter. The estimated fair value of the guarantee liability of approximately $40 million is included in ‘‘Liabilities of discontinued operations’’ on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at September 30, 2014.

The Company also has indemnification obligations with respect to letters of credit and surety bonds primarily used as security against non-performance in the normal course of business. At September 30, 2014, the outstanding letters of credit and surety bonds approximated $252 million and were not recorded on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

In the course of its business, the Company both provides and receives indemnities which are intended to allocate certain risks associated with business transactions. Similarly, the Company may remain contingently liable for various obligations of a business that has been divested in the event that a third party does not live up to its obligations under an indemnification obligation. The Company records a liability for its indemnification obligations and other contingent liabilities when probable and reasonably estimable.


- 17-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Legal Matters
E-books Matters.    Commencing in 2012, as previously disclosed, a number of antitrust suits were filed and/or consolidated in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against Simon & Schuster, other book publishers and Apple Inc. (‘‘Apple’’) in connection with these book publishers’ agency arrangements regarding the distribution of e-books to e-book retailers. Simon & Schuster has settled all of these actions without any admission of wrongdoing or liability and has adopted certain business and compliance practices as part of certain settlements. On April 10, 2012, Simon & Schuster and two other book publisher parties entered into a settlement stipulation and proposed final judgment (the ‘‘Stipulation’’) with the United States Department of Justice (the ‘‘DOJ’’) in connection with an antitrust action filed by the DOJ, which was approved by the court on September 7, 2012. The Stipulation requires the adoption of certain business practices for a 24 month period (the ‘‘24 Month Period’’) and certain compliance practices for a five year period. In addition, as previously disclosed, in connection with Simon & Schuster’s settlement of an antitrust suit filed with the court on April 11, 2012 by the U.S. states and territories and the District of Columbia (the ‘‘States Settlement’’), Simon & Schuster adopted certain business and compliance practices substantially similar to those described in the Stipulation. The Company believes that continuing to comply with these business and compliance practices pursuant to the Stipulation and States Settlement, which are the only outstanding obligations under these settlements, will not have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

Following a ruling in favor of the DOJ and a judgment against Apple that was entered by the court on September 6, 2013 in one of the antitrust suits described above, Apple filed an appeal, which will be heard by the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. On October 4, 2013, Simon & Schuster filed an appeal with the court relating to an aspect of the Apple judgment involving the 24 Month Period.

Similar antitrust suits have been filed against the Publishing parties by private litigants in Canada, purportedly as class actions, under Canadian law, commencing on February 24, 2012 (“Canada Actions”); and by an Australian e-book retailer on September 16, 2013, and two former U.S. e-book retailers in March 2014, each in the United States Court for the Southern District of New York (“U.S. Actions”). Simon & Schuster executed an agreement settling the Canada Actions as of May 8, 2014, which is subject to Canadian court approval. Simon & Schuster intends to defend itself in the U.S. Actions.

In addition, the European Commission (the ‘‘EC’’) and Canadian Competition Bureau (the ‘‘CCB’’) conducted separate competition investigations of agency distribution arrangements of e-books in this industry. On December 12, 2012, following the close of a comment period, the EC entered into settlement agreements with Simon & Schuster and certain Publishing parties. The CCB also entered into a settlement agreement with Simon & Schuster and certain Publishing parties, which was effective on February 7, 2014 but was subsequently stayed by the Canadian Competition Tribunal on March 18, 2014 pending the resolution of an application to rescind or vary the settlement agreement filed by a large Canadian e-book retailer. These settlements require the adoption of certain business and compliance practices similar to those described in the Stipulation with the DOJ.

Claims Related to Former Businesses: Asbestos.    The Company is a defendant in lawsuits claiming various personal injuries related to asbestos and other materials, which allegedly occurred principally as a result of exposure caused by various products manufactured by Westinghouse, a predecessor, generally prior to the early 1970s. Westinghouse was neither a producer nor a manufacturer of asbestos. The Company is typically named as one of a large number of defendants in both state and federal cases. In the majority of asbestos lawsuits, the plaintiffs have not identified which of the Company’s products is the basis of a claim. Claims against the Company

- 18-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

in which a product has been identified principally relate to exposures allegedly caused by asbestos-containing insulating material in turbines sold for power-generation, industrial and marine use, or by asbestos-containing grades of decorative micarta, a laminate used in commercial ships.
Claims are frequently filed and/or settled in groups, which may make the amount and timing of settlements, and the number of pending claims, subject to significant fluctuation from period to period. The Company does not report as pending those claims on inactive, stayed, deferred or similar dockets which some jurisdictions have established for claimants who allege minimal or no impairment. As of September 30, 2014, the Company had pending approximately 42,560 asbestos claims, as compared with approximately 45,150 as of December 31, 2013 and 45,480 as of September 30, 2013. During the third quarter of 2014, the Company received approximately 1,030 new claims and closed or moved to an inactive docket approximately 2,200 claims. The Company reports claims as closed when it becomes aware that a dismissal order has been entered by a court or when the Company has reached agreement with the claimants on the material terms of a settlement. Settlement costs depend on the seriousness of the injuries that form the basis of the claim, the quality of evidence supporting the claims and other factors. The Company’s total costs for the years 2013 and 2012 for settlement and defense of asbestos claims after insurance recoveries and net of tax benefits were approximately $29 million and $21 million, respectively. The Company’s costs for settlement and defense of asbestos claims may vary year to year and insurance proceeds are not always recovered in the same period as the insured portion of the expenses.

The Company believes that its reserves and insurance are adequate to cover its asbestos liabilities. This belief is based upon many factors and assumptions, including the number of outstanding claims, estimated average cost per claim, the breakdown of claims by disease type, historic claim filings, costs per claim of resolution and the filing of new claims. While the number of asbestos claims filed against the Company has trended down in the past five to ten years and has remained flat in recent years, it is difficult to predict future asbestos liabilities, as events and circumstances may occur including, among others, the number and types of claims and average cost to resolve such claims, which could affect the Company’s estimate of its asbestos liabilities.

Other.    The Company from time to time receives claims from federal and state environmental regulatory agencies and other entities asserting that it is or may be liable for environmental cleanup costs and related damages principally relating to historical and predecessor operations of the Company. In addition, the Company from time to time receives personal injury claims including toxic tort and product liability claims (other than asbestos) arising from historical operations of the Company and its predecessors.

General.    On an ongoing basis, the Company vigorously defends itself in numerous lawsuits and proceedings and responds to various investigations and inquiries from federal, state and local authorities (collectively, ‘‘litigation’’). Litigation may be brought against the Company without merit, is inherently uncertain and always difficult to predict. However, based on its understanding and evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances, the Company believes that the above-described legal matters and other litigation to which it is a party are not likely, in the aggregate, to have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial position or cash flows. Under the Separation Agreement between the Company and Viacom Inc., the Company and Viacom Inc. have agreed to defend and indemnify the other in certain litigation in which the Company and/or Viacom Inc. is named.

- 19-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

12) RESTRUCTURING CHARGES
During the third quarter of 2014, in a continued effort to reduce its cost structure, the Company initiated restructuring plans across several of its businesses, primarily for the reorganization of certain business operations. As a result, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $26 million, reflecting $17 million of severance costs and $9 million of costs associated with exiting contractual obligations. During the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $20 million, reflecting $14 million of severance costs and $6 million of costs associated with exiting contractual obligations. As of September 30, 2014, the cumulative amount paid for the restructuring charges was $18 million, of which $13 million was for the severance costs and $5 million was related to costs associated with contractual obligations. The Company expects to substantially utilize its restructuring reserves by the end of 2015.
 
Balance at
 
2014
 
2014
 
Balance at
 
December 31, 2013
 
Charges
 
Payments
 
September 30, 2014
Entertainment
 
$
8

 
 
 
$
8

 
 
 
$
(7
)
 
 
 
$
9

 
Cable Networks
 
1

 
 
 

 
 
 
(1
)
 
 
 

 
Publishing
 
1

 
 
 
1

 
 
 
(1
)
 
 
 
1

 
Local Broadcasting
 
4

 
 
 
14

 
 
 
(3
)
 
 
 
15

 
Corporate
 
1

 
 
 
3

 
 
 
(1
)
 
 
 
3

 
Total
 
$
15

 
 
 
$
26

 
 
 
$
(13
)
 
 
 
$
28

 
13) FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The Company uses derivative financial instruments primarily to modify its exposure to market risks from fluctuations in interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates. The Company does not use derivative instruments unless there is an underlying exposure and, therefore, the Company does not hold or enter into derivative financial instruments for speculative trading purposes.