This excerpt taken from the CVS 10-K filed Feb 27, 2007.
6 Employee Stock Ownership Plan
The Company sponsors a defined contribution Employee Stock Ownership Plan (the ESOP) that covers full-time employees with at least one year of service.
In 1989, the ESOP Trust issued and sold $357.5 million of 20-year, 8.52% notes due December 31, 2008 (the ESOP Notes). The proceeds from the ESOP Notes were used to purchase 6.7 million shares of Series One ESOP Convertible Preference Stock (the ESOP Preference Stock) from the Company. Since the ESOP Notes are guaranteed by the Company, the outstanding balance is reflected as long-term debt, and a corresponding guaranteed ESOP obligation is reflected in shareholders equity in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
Each share of ESOP Preference Stock has a guaranteed minimum liquidation value of $53.45, is convertible into 4.628 shares of common stock and is entitled to receive an annual dividend of $3.90 per share.
The ESOP Trust uses the dividends received and contributions from the Company to repay the ESOP Notes. As the ESOP Notes are repaid, ESOP Preference Stock is allocated to participants based on (i) the ratio of each years debt service payment to total current and future debt service payments multiplied by (ii) the number of unallocated shares of ESOP Preference Stock in the plan.
As of December 30, 2006, 4.0 million shares of ESOP Preference Stock were outstanding, of which 3.2 million shares were allocated to participants and the remaining 0.8 million shares were held in the ESOP Trust for future allocations.
Annual ESOP expense recognized is equal to (i) the interest incurred on the ESOP Notes plus (ii) the higher of (a) the principal repayments or (b) the cost of the shares allocated, less (iii) the dividends paid. Similarly, the guaranteed ESOP obligation is reduced by the higher of (i) the principal payments or (ii) the cost of shares allocated.
Following is a summary of the ESOP activity for the respective years: