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Campbell Soup Company 10-K 2008
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Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Form 10-K
 
 
 
 
 
     
For the Fiscal Year Ended   Commission File Number
August 3, 2008   1-3822
 
(CAMPBELL LOGO)
 
     
New Jersey   21-0419870
(State of Incorporation)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
1 Campbell Place
Camden, New Jersey 08103-1799
Principal Executive Offices
 
 
 
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Capital Stock, par value $.0375   New York Stock Exchange
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  þ Yes     o No
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.  o Yes     þ No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant:  (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  þ Yes     o No
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer þ Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  o Yes     þ No
 
As of January 25, 2008 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter), the aggregate market value of capital stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $6,903,370,673. There were 360,615,505 shares of capital stock outstanding as of September 15, 2008.
 
Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareowners to be held on November 20, 2008, are incorporated by reference into Part III.
 


 

 
 
                 
        Page
 
      Business     1  
      Risk Factors     4  
      Unresolved Staff Comments     6  
      Properties     7  
      Legal Proceedings     7  
      Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders     8  
      Executive Officers of the Company     8  
 
      Market for Registrant’s Capital Stock, Related Shareowner Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities     9  
      Selected Financial Data     11  
      Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition     12  
      Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk     34  
      Financial Statements and Supplementary Data     35  
      Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure     72  
      Controls and Procedures     72  
      Other Information     72  
 
      Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance     72  
      Executive Compensation     73  
      Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Shareowner Matters     73  
      Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence     73  
      Principal Accounting Fees and Services     73  
 
      Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules     73  
        Signatures     76  
 Exhibit 10(b)
 Exhibit 21
 Exhibit 23
 Exhibit 24
 Exhibit 31(a)
 Exhibit 31(b)
 Exhibit 32(a)
 Exhibit 32(b)


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PART I
 
Item 1.   Business
 
The Company
 
Campbell Soup Company (“Campbell” or the “company”), together with its consolidated subsidiaries, is a global manufacturer and marketer of high-quality, branded convenience food products. Campbell was incorporated as a business corporation under the laws of New Jersey on November 23, 1922; however, through predecessor organizations, it traces its heritage in the food business back to 1869. The company’s principal executive offices are in Camden, New Jersey 08103-1799.
 
In fiscal 2008, the company continued its focus on achieving long-term sustainable sales and earnings growth by executing against the following seven key strategies:
 
  •  Expanding the company’s icon brands within simple meals, baked snacks and healthy beverages;
 
  •  Trading consumers up to higher levels of satisfaction centering on wellness, quality and convenience;
 
  •  Making the company’s products more broadly available in existing and new markets;
 
  •  Strengthening the company’s business through outside partnerships and acquisitions;
 
  •  Increasing margins by improving price realization and company-wide productivity;
 
  •  Improving overall organizational excellence, diversity, engagement and innovation; and
 
  •  Advancing a powerful commitment to sustainability and corporate social responsibility.
 
Consistent with these strategies, the company has undertaken several portfolio adjustments. The company divested its Godiva Chocolatier business on March 18, 2008 and certain Australian salty snack food brands and assets on May 12, 2008. On July 31, 2008, the company announced that it had entered into an agreement to divest its French sauce and mayonnaise business, which is marketed under the Lesieur brand. The sale of the French sauce and mayonnaise business was completed on September 29, 2008. These portfolio adjustments are designed to enhance the company’s focus on the core simple meals, baked snacks and healthy beverages businesses in markets with the greatest potential for growth. For additional information relating to the company’s seven key strategies, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition.”
 
Prior to the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the company’s operations were organized and reported in the following segments: U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages; Baking and Snacking; International Soup, Sauces and Beverages; and Other. Other included the Godiva Chocolatier business and the company’s Away From Home operations. As of the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the results of the Godiva Chocolatier business were reported as discontinued operations for the periods presented due to the previously discussed divestiture. See Note 3 for additional information on the sale. Beginning with the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the Away From Home business was reported as North America Foodservice.
 
The segments are discussed in greater detail below.
 
 
The U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages segment includes the following retail businesses: Campbell’s condensed and ready-to-serve soups; Swanson broth and canned poultry; Prego pasta sauce; Pace Mexican sauce; Campbell’s Chunky chili; Campbell’s canned pasta, gravies, and beans; Campbell’s Supper Bakes meal kits; V8 juice and juice drinks; and Campbell’s tomato juice.
 
 
The Baking and Snacking segment includes the following businesses: Pepperidge Farm cookies, crackers, bakery and frozen products in U.S. retail; Arnott’s biscuits in Australia and Asia Pacific; and Arnott’s salty snacks in


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Australia. As previously discussed, in May 2008, the company completed the divestiture of certain salty snack food brands and assets in Australia, which were historically included in this segment.
 
 
The International Soup, Sauces and Beverages segment includes the soup, sauce and beverage businesses outside of the United States, including Europe, Mexico, Latin America, the Asia Pacific region and the retail business in Canada. The segment’s operations include Erasco and Heisse Tasse soups in Germany, Liebig and Royco soups in France, Devos Lemmens mayonnaise and cold sauces and Campbell’s and Royco soups in Belgium, and Blå Band soups and sauces in Sweden. In Asia Pacific, operations include Campbell’s soup and stock, Swanson broths and V8 beverages. In Canada, operations include Habitant and Campbell’s soups, Prego pasta sauce, V8 beverages and certain Pepperidge Farm products. The French sauce and mayonnaise business, which was marketed under the Lesieur brand and divested on September 29, 2008, was historically included in this segment.
 
 
The North America Foodservice segment includes the company’s Away From Home operations, which represent the distribution of products such as soup, specialty entrees, beverage products, other prepared foods and Pepperidge Farm products through various food service channels in the United States and Canada.
 
 
The ingredients required for the manufacture of the company’s food products are purchased from various suppliers. While all such ingredients are available from numerous independent suppliers, raw materials are subject to fluctuations in price attributable to a number of factors, including changes in crop size, cattle cycles, product scarcity, demand for raw materials, energy costs, government-sponsored agricultural programs, import and export requirements and weather conditions during the growing and harvesting seasons. To help reduce some of this volatility, the company uses various commodity risk management tools for a number of its ingredients and commodities, such as soybean oil, wheat, soybean meal, corn, cocoa and natural gas. Ingredient inventories are at a peak during the late fall and decline during the winter and spring. Since many ingredients of suitable quality are available in sufficient quantities only at certain seasons, the company makes commitments for the purchase of such ingredients during their respective seasons. At this time, the company does not anticipate any material restrictions on availability or shortages of ingredients that would have a significant impact on the company’s businesses. For additional information on the impact of inflation on the company, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition.”
 
 
In most of the company’s markets, sales activities are conducted by the company’s own sales force and through broker and distributor arrangements. In the United States, Canada and Latin America, the company’s products are generally resold to consumers in retail food chains, mass discounters, mass merchandisers, club stores, convenience stores, drug stores and other retail, commercial and non-commercial establishments. In Europe, the company’s products are generally resold to consumers in retail food chains, mass discounters, mass merchandisers, club stores, convenience stores and other retail, commercial and non-commercial establishments. In Mexico, the company’s products are generally resold to consumers in retail food chains, mass merchandisers, club stores, convenience stores, drug stores and other retail establishments. In the Asia Pacific region, the company’s products are generally resold to consumers through retail food chains, convenience stores and other retail, commercial and non-commercial establishments. The company makes shipments promptly after receipt and acceptance of orders.
 
The company’s largest customer, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. and its affiliates, accounted for approximately 16% of the company’s consolidated net sales during fiscal 2008 and 15% during fiscal 2007. All of the company’s segments sold products to Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. or its affiliates. No other customer accounted for 10% or more of the company’s consolidated net sales.


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As of September 15, 2008, the company owned over 4,400 trademark registrations and applications in over 150 countries and believes that its trademarks are of material importance to its business. Although the laws vary by jurisdiction, trademarks generally are valid as long as they are in use and/or their registrations are properly maintained and have not been found to have become generic. Trademark registrations generally can be renewed indefinitely as long as the trademarks are in use. The company believes that its principal brands, including Campbell’s, Erasco, Liebig, Pepperidge Farm, V8, Pace, Prego, Swanson, and Arnott’s, are protected by trademark law in the company’s relevant major markets. In addition, some of the company’s products are sold under brands that have been licensed from third parties.
 
Although the company owns a number of valuable patents, it does not regard any segment of its business as being dependent upon any single patent or group of related patents. In addition, the company owns copyrights, both registered and unregistered, and proprietary trade secrets, technology, know-how processes, and other intellectual property rights that are not registered.
 
 
The company experiences worldwide competition in all of its principal products. This competition arises from numerous competitors of varying sizes, including producers of generic and private label products, as well as from manufacturers of other branded food products, which compete for trade merchandising support and consumer dollars. As such, the number of competitors cannot be reliably estimated. The principal areas of competition are brand recognition, quality, price, advertising, promotion, convenience and service.
 
 
For information relating to the company’s cash and working capital items, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition.”
 
 
During fiscal 2008, the company’s aggregate capital expenditures were $298 million. The company expects to spend approximately $400 million for capital projects in fiscal 2009. The anticipated major fiscal 2009 capital projects include the previously announced expansion and enhancement of the company’s corporate headquarters in Camden, New Jersey, which is expected to continue into fiscal years following 2009, and expansion of the company’s beverage production capacity.
 
 
During the last three fiscal years, the company’s expenditures on research activities relating to new products and the improvement and maintenance of existing products for continuing operations were $115 million in 2008, $111 million in 2007 and $103 million in 2006. The increase from 2007 to 2008 was primarily due to the impact of currency. The increase from 2006 to 2007 was primarily due to expenses related to new product development, higher incentive compensation costs and the impact of currency. The company conducts this research primarily at its headquarters in Camden, New Jersey, although important research is undertaken at various other locations inside and outside the United States.
 
 
The company has requirements for the operation and design of its facilities that meet or exceed applicable environmental rules and regulations. Of the company’s $298 million in capital expenditures made during fiscal 2008, approximately $6 million was for compliance with environmental laws and regulations in the United States. The company further estimates that approximately $7 million of the capital expenditures anticipated during fiscal 2009 will be for compliance with United States environmental laws and regulations. The company believes that continued compliance with existing environmental laws and regulations will not have a material effect on capital expenditures, earnings or the competitive position of the company.


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Demand for the company’s products is somewhat seasonal, with the fall and winter months usually accounting for the highest sales volume due primarily to demand for the company’s soup and sauce products. Demand for the company’s beverage, baking and snacking products, however, is generally evenly distributed throughout the year.
 
 
The manufacture and marketing of food products is highly regulated. In the United States, the company is subject to regulation by various government agencies, including the Food and Drug Administration, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Federal Trade Commission, as well as various state and local agencies. The company is also regulated by similar agencies outside the United States and by voluntary organizations such as the National Advertising Division and the Children’s Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative of the Council of Better Business Bureaus.
 
Employees
 
On August 3, 2008, there were approximately 19,400 employees of the company.
 
 
For information with respect to revenue, operating profitability and identifiable assets attributable to the company’s business segments and geographic areas, see Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
 
The company’s primary corporate website can be found at www.campbellsoupcompany.com. The company makes available free of charge at this website (under the “Investor Center — Financial Reports — SEC Filings” caption) all of its reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including its annual report on Form 10-K, its quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and its current reports on Form 8-K. These reports are made available on the website as soon as reasonably practicable after their filing with, or furnishing to, the Securities and Exchange Commission.
 
 
In addition to the factors discussed elsewhere in this Report, the following risks and uncertainties could materially adversely affect the company’s business, financial condition and results of operations. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to the company or that the company currently deems immaterial also may impair the company’s business operations and financial condition.
 
 
The company operates in the highly competitive food industry and experiences worldwide competition in all of its principal products. A number of the company’s primary competitors have substantial financial, marketing and other resources. A strong competitive response from one or more of these competitors to the company’s marketplace efforts, or a consumer shift towards private label offerings, could result in the company reducing pricing, increasing marketing or other expenditures, or losing market share. These changes may have a material adverse effect on the business and financial results of the company.
 
 
The raw and packaging materials used in the company’s business include tomato paste, grains, beef, poultry, vegetables, steel, glass, paper and resin. Many of these materials are subject to price fluctuations from a number of factors, including product scarcity, demand for raw materials, commodity market speculation, energy costs, currency fluctuations, weather conditions, import and export requirements and changes in government-sponsored agricultural programs. To the extent any of these factors result in an increase in raw and packaging material prices,


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the company may not be able to offset such increases through productivity or price increases. In such cases, the company’s business or financial results could be negatively impacted.
 
 
The company’s results are dependent on successful marketplace initiatives and acceptance by consumers of the company’s products. The company’s product introductions and product improvements, along with its other marketplace initiatives, are designed to capitalize on new customer or consumer trends. In order to remain successful, the company must anticipate and react to these new trends and develop new products or processes to address them. While the company devotes significant resources to meeting this goal, the company may not be successful in developing new products or processes, or its new products or processes may not be accepted by customers or consumers. These results could have a material adverse effect on the business and financial results of the company.
 
 
The disruption of supply to any of the company’s large customers, such as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., for an extended period of time could adversely affect the company’s business or financial results. In addition, the retail grocery trade continues to consolidate, and mass market retailers continue to become larger. In such an environment, large retail customers may attempt to increase their profitability by seeking lower prices or increased promotional programs funded by their suppliers. If the company is unable to use its scale, marketing expertise, product innovation and category leadership positions to respond to these customer demands, the company’s business or financial results could be negatively impacted.
 
 
Each year the company engages in several billion dollars of transactions with its customers and vendors. Because the amount of dollars involved is so significant, the company’s information technology resources must provide connections among its marketing, sales, manufacturing, logistics, customer service, and accounting functions. If the company does not allocate and effectively manage the resources necessary to build and sustain an appropriate technology infrastructure and to maintain the related computerized and manual control processes, the company’s business or financial results could be negatively impacted.
 
 
The company’s success is partly dependent upon properly executing, and realizing cost savings or other benefits from, its ongoing supply chain, information technology and other initiatives. These initiatives are primarily designed to make the company more efficient in the manufacture and distribution of its products, which is necessary in the company’s highly competitive industry. These initiatives are often complex, and a failure to implement them properly may, in addition to not meeting projected cost savings or benefits, result in an interruption to the company’s sales, manufacturing, logistics, customer service or accounting functions. Any of these results could have a material adverse effect on the business and financial results of the company.
 
 
Damage or disruption to the company’s suppliers or to the company’s manufacturing or distribution capabilities due to weather, natural disaster, fire, terrorism, pandemic, strikes, or other reasons could impair the company’s ability to manufacture and/or sell its products. Failure to take adequate steps to mitigate the likelihood or potential impact of such events, or to effectively manage such events if they occur, particularly when a product is sourced from a single location, could adversely affect the company’s business or financial results.


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From time to time, the company undertakes acquisitions or divestitures. The success of any such acquisition or divestiture depends, in part, upon the company’s ability to identify suitable buyers or sellers, negotiate favorable contractual terms and, in many cases, obtain governmental approval. For acquisitions, success is also dependent upon efficiently integrating the acquired business into the company’s existing operations. In cases where acquisitions or divestitures are not successfully implemented or completed, the company’s business or financial results could be negatively impacted.
 
 
The company is a global manufacturer and marketer of high-quality, branded convenience food products. Because of its global reach, the company’s performance may be impacted negatively by political and/or economic conditions in the United States, as well as other nations. A change in any one or more of the following factors in the United States, or in other nations, could impact the company: currency exchange rates, tax rates, interest rates, legal or regulatory requirements, tariffs, export and import restrictions or equity markets. The company may also be impacted by recession, political instability, civil disobedience, armed hostilities, natural disasters and terrorist acts in the United States or throughout the world. Any one of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on the business and financial results of the company.
 
 
The company may need to recall some of its products if they become adulterated or if they are mislabeled. The company may also be liable if the consumption of any of its products causes injury. A widespread product recall could result in significant losses due to the costs of a recall, the destruction of product inventory and lost sales due to the unavailability of product for a period of time. The company could also suffer losses from a significant product liability judgment against it. A significant product recall or product liability case could also result in adverse publicity, damage to the company’s reputation and a loss of consumer confidence in the company’s food products, which could have a material adverse effect on the business and financial results of the company.
 
Item 1B.   Unresolved Staff Comments
 
None.


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Item 2.   Properties
 
The company’s principal executive offices and main research facilities are company-owned and located in Camden, New Jersey. The following table sets forth the company’s principal manufacturing facilities and the business segment that primarily uses each of the facilities:
 
 
               
Inside the U.S.
          Outside the U.S.    
               
California

•   Dixon (SSB)

•   Sacramento (SSB/NAFS)

•   Stockton (SSB)

Connecticut

•   Bloomfield (BS)

Florida

•   Lakeland (BS)

Illinois

•   Downers Grove (BS)

Michigan

•   Marshall (SSB)

New Jersey

•   South Plainfield (SSB)

North Carolina

•   Maxton (SSB/NAFS)
  Ohio

•   Napoleon (SSB/NAFS)

•   Wauseon (SSB/ISSB)

•   Willard (BS)

Pennsylvania

•   Denver (BS)

•   Downingtown (BS)

South Carolina

•   Alken (BS)

Texas

•   Paris (SSB/NAFS)

Utah

•   Richmond (BS)

Washington

•   Everett (NAFS)

Wisconsin

•   Milwaukee (SSB)
    Australia

•   Huntingwood (BS)

•   Marleston (BS)

•   Shepparton (ISSB)

•   Virginia (BS)

•   Miranda (BS)*

Belgium

•   Puurs (ISSB)

Canada

•   Listowel* (ISSB/NAFS)

•   Toronto (ISSB/NAFS)

France

•   LePontet (ISSB)
  Germany

•   Luebeck (ISSB)

Indonesia

•   Jawa Barat (BS)

Malaysia

•   Selangor Darul Ehsan (ISSB)

Mexico

•   Villagran (ISSB)

•   Guasave (SSB)

Netherlands

•   Utrecht (ISSB)

Sweden

•   Kristianstadt (ISSB)
       
   
SSB — U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages

BS — Baking and Snacking

ISSB — International Soup, Sauces and Beverages

NAFS — North America Foodservice
    * Expected to be closed
 
Each of the foregoing manufacturing facilities is company-owned, except that the Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia, facility is leased. The Utrecht, Netherlands, facility is subject to a ground lease. The company also operates retail bakery thrift stores in the United States and other plants, facilities and offices at various locations in the United States and abroad, including additional executive offices in Norwalk, Connecticut, Puurs, Belgium, and North Strathfield, Australia. The following facilities were sold during fiscal year 2008: Reading, Pennsylvania in the United States, Brussels in Belgium, and Smithfield and Scoresby in Australia. These facilities were sold as part of the divestiture of their respective businesses. The Dunkirk, France, facility was sold as part of the company’s divestiture of the Lesieur branded sauce and mayonnaise business, which was completed on September 29, 2008. The Gerwisch, Germany, facility was closed during fiscal 2008. The company expects to close the Listowel, Canada, and the Miranda, Australia, facilities in fiscal 2009.
 
Management believes that the company’s manufacturing and processing plants are well maintained and are generally adequate to support the current operations of the businesses.
 
Item 3.   Legal Proceedings
 
None.


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Item 4.   Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
 
None.
 
 
The following list of executive officers as of September 17, 2008, is included as an item in Part III of this Form 10-K:
 
                     
            Year First
            Appointed
            Executive
Name
 
Present Title
 
Age
 
Officer
 
Patrick J. Callaghan
  Vice President     57       2007  
Douglas R. Conant
  President and Chief Executive Officer     57       2001  
Anthony P. DiSilvestro
  Vice President — Controller     49       2004  
M. Carl Johnson, III
  Senior Vice President     60       2001  
Ellen Oran Kaden
  Senior Vice President — Law and Government Affairs     56       1998  
Larry S. McWilliams
  Senior Vice President     52       2001  
Denise M. Morrison
  Senior Vice President     54       2003  
Nancy A. Reardon
  Senior Vice President     55       2004  
Joseph C. Spagnoletti
  Senior Vice President and Chief Information Officer     44       2008  
Archbold D. van Beuren
  Senior Vice President     51       2007  
David R. White
  Senior Vice President     53       2004  
 
Nancy A. Reardon served as Executive Vice President of Human Resources, Comcast Cable Communications (2002 — 2004) and Executive Vice President — Human Resources/Corporate Affairs (1997 — 2002) of Borden Capital Management Partners prior to joining Campbell in 2004. David R. White served as Vice President, Product Supply — Global Family Care Business (1999-2004) of The Procter & Gamble Company prior to joining Campbell in 2004. The company has employed Patrick J. Callaghan, Douglas R. Conant, Anthony P. DiSilvestro, M. Carl Johnson, III, Ellen Oran Kaden, Larry S. McWilliams, Denise M. Morrison, Joseph C. Spagnoletti and Archbold D. van Beuren in an executive or managerial capacity for at least five years.
 
There is no family relationship among any of the company’s executive officers or between any such officer and any director that is first cousin or closer. All of the executive officers were elected at the November 2007 meeting of the Board of Directors, except that Joseph C. Spagnoletti was appointed Senior Vice President and Chief Information Officer at the May 2008 meeting of the Board of Directors (effective as of August 1, 2008).


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Item 5.   Market for Registrant’s Capital Stock, Related Shareowner Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
 
The company’s capital stock is listed and principally traded on the New York Stock Exchange. The company’s capital stock is also listed on the SWX Swiss Exchange. On September 15, 2008, there were 28,018 holders of record of the company’s capital stock. Market price and dividend information with respect to the company’s capital stock are set forth in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. In September 2008, the company increased the quarterly dividend to be paid in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 to $0.25 per share. Future dividends will be dependent upon future earnings, financial requirements and other factors.
 
 
The following graph compares the cumulative total shareowner return (TSR) on the company’s stock with the cumulative total return of the Standard & Poor’s Packaged Foods Index (the “S&P 500 Packaged Foods”) and the Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index (the “S&P 500”). The graph assumes that $100 was invested on August 1, 2003, in each of company stock, the S&P 500 Packaged Foods group and the S&P 500, and that all dividends were reinvested. The total cumulative dollar returns shown on the graph represent the value that such investments would have had on August 1, 2008.
 
 
(PERFORMANCE GRAPH)
 
* Stock appreciation plus dividend reinvestment.
 
                                     
      2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008
Campbell
    100     110     135     165     172     169
S&P 500
    100     114     130     138     160     141
S&P 500 Packaged Foods
    100     118     128     128     145     150
                                     


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                      Approximate
 
                      Dollar Value of
 
                Total Number of
    Shares that may yet
 
                Shares Purchased
    be Purchased
 
    Total Number
    Average
    as Part of Publicly
    Under the Plans or
 
    of Shares
    Price Paid
    Announced Plans or
    Programs ($ in
 
Period
  Purchased(1)     per Share(2)     Programs(3)     Millions)(3)  
 
4/28/08 — 5/31/08
    3,720,656 (4)   $ 34.52 (4)     3,619,700     $ 319  
6/1/08 — 6/30/08
    4,821,423 (5)   $ 33.45 (5)     4,475,160     $ 1,369  
7/1/08 — 8/3/08
    5,120,455 (6)   $ 34.93 (6)     4,836,640     $ 1,200  
                                 
Total
    13,662,534     $ 34.30       12,931,500     $ 1,200  
 
 
(1) Includes (i) 680,500 shares repurchased in open-market transactions to offset the dilutive impact to existing shareowners of issuances under the company’s stock compensation plans, and (ii) 50,534 shares owned and tendered by employees to satisfy tax withholding obligations on the vesting of restricted shares. Unless otherwise indicated, shares owned and tendered by employees to satisfy tax withholding obligations were purchased at the closing price of the company’s shares on the date of vesting.
 
(2) Average price paid per share is calculated on a settlement basis and excludes commission.
 
(3) During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2008, the company had two publicly announced share repurchase programs. Under the first program, which was announced on March 18, 2008, the company’s Board of Directors authorized using approximately $600 million of the net proceeds from the sale of the Godiva Chocolatier business to purchase company stock. The March 2008 program was completed during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2008. Under the second program, which was announced on June 30, 2008, the company’s Board of Directors authorized the purchase of up to an additional $1.2 billion of company stock through the end of fiscal 2011. In addition to the publicly announced share repurchase programs, the company will continue to purchase shares, under separate authorization, as part of its practice of buying back shares sufficient to offset shares issued under incentive compensation plans.
 
(4) Includes (i) 76,300 shares repurchased in open-market transactions at an average price of $33.15 to offset the dilutive impact to existing shareowners of issuances under the company’s stock compensation plans, and (ii) 24,656 shares owned and tendered by employees at an average price per share of $34.76 to satisfy tax withholding requirements on the vesting of restricted shares.
 
(5) Includes (i) 336,840 shares repurchased in open-market transactions at an average price of $33.45 to offset the dilutive impact to existing shareowners of issuances under the company’s stock compensation plans, and (ii) 9,423 shares owned and tendered by employees at an average price per share of $33.60 to satisfy tax withholding requirements on the vesting of restricted shares.
 
(6) Includes (i) 267,360 shares repurchased in open-market transactions at an average price of $35.28 to offset the dilutive impact to existing shareowners of issuances under the company’s stock compensation plans, and (ii) 16,455 shares owned and tendered by employees at an average price per share of $33.52 to satisfy tax withholding requirements on the vesting of restricted shares.


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Item 6.   Selected Financial Data
 
FIVE-YEAR REVIEW — CONSOLIDATED
 
                                         
Fiscal Year
  2008(1)     2007(2)     2006(3)     2005     2004(4)  
    (Millions, except per share amounts)  
 
Summary of Operations
                                       
Net sales
  $ 7,998     $ 7,385     $ 6,894     $ 6,652     $ 6,288  
Earnings before interest and taxes
    1,098       1,243       1,097       1,082       986  
Earnings before taxes
    939       1,099       947       902       818  
Earnings from continuing operations
    671       792       720       614       549  
Earnings from discontinued operations
    494       62       46       93       98  
Net earnings
    1,165       854       766       707       647  
Financial Position
                                       
Plant assets — net
  $ 1,939     $ 2,042     $ 1,954     $ 1,987     $ 1,901  
Total assets
    6,474       6,445       7,745       6,678       6,596  
Total debt
    2,615       2,669       3,213       2,993       3,353  
Shareowners’ equity
    1,318       1,295       1,768       1,270       874  
Per Share Data
                                       
Earnings from continuing operations — basic
  $ 1.80     $ 2.05     $ 1.77     $ 1.50     $ 1.34  
Earnings from continuing operations — assuming dilution
    1.76       2.00       1.74       1.49       1.33  
Net earnings — basic
    3.12       2.21       1.88       1.73       1.58  
Net earnings — assuming dilution
    3.06       2.16       1.85       1.71       1.57  
Dividends declared
    0.88       0.80       0.72       0.68       0.63  
Other Statistics
                                       
Capital expenditures
  $ 298     $ 334     $ 309     $ 332     $ 288  
Weighted average shares outstanding
    373       386       407       409       409  
Weighted average shares outstanding — assuming dilution
    381       396       414       413       412  
 
 
(All per share amounts below are on a diluted basis)
 
As of August 1, 2005, the company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (revised 2004) “Share-Based Payment” (SFAS No. 123R). Under SFAS No. 123R, compensation expense is to be recognized for all stock-based awards, including stock options. Had all stock-based compensation been expensed in 2005, earnings from continuing operations would have been $587 and earnings per share from continuing operations would have been $1.42. Net earnings would have been $678 and earnings per share would have been $1.64. Had all stock-based compensation been expensed in 2004, earnings from continuing operations would have been $522 or $1.27 per share and net earnings would have been $618, or $1.50 per share.
 
(1) The 2008 earnings from continuing operations were impacted by the following: a $107 ($.28 per share) restructuring charge and related costs associated with initiatives to improve operational efficiency and long-term profitability and a $13 ($.03 per share) benefit from the favorable resolution of a tax contingency. The 2008 results of discontinued operations included a $462 ($1.21 per share) gain from the sale of the Godiva Chocolatier business. The 2008 fiscal year consisted of fifty-three weeks. All other periods had fifty-two weeks.
 
(2) The 2007 earnings from continuing operations were impacted by the following: a $13 ($.03 per share) benefit from the reversal of legal reserves due to favorable results in litigation; a $25 ($.06 per share) benefit from a tax settlement of bilateral advance pricing agreements; and a $14 ($.04 per share) gain from the sale of an idle manufacturing facility. The 2007 results of discontinued operations included a $24 ($.06 per share) gain from the sale of the businesses in the United Kingdom and Ireland and $7 ($.02 per share) tax benefit from the resolution of audits in the United Kingdom. On July 29, 2007, the company adopted SFAS No. 158 “Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans, an amendment of FASB Statements


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No. 87, 88, 106 and 132(R).” As a result, total assets were reduced by $294, shareowners’ equity was reduced by $230, and total liabilities were reduced by $64.
 
(3) The 2006 earnings from continuing operations were impacted by the following: a $60 ($.14 per share) benefit from the favorable resolution of a U.S. tax contingency; an $8 ($.02 per share) benefit from a change in inventory accounting method; incremental tax expense of $13 ($.03 per share) associated with the repatriation of non-U.S. earnings under the American Jobs Creation Act; and a $14 ($.03 per share) tax benefit related to higher levels of foreign tax credits, which could be utilized as a result of the sale of the businesses in the United Kingdom and Ireland. The 2006 results of discontinued operations included $56 of deferred tax expense due to book/tax basis differences and $5 of after-tax costs associated with the sale of the businesses (aggregate impact of $.15 per share).
 
(4) 2004 earnings from continuing operations included a pre-tax restructuring charge of $24 ($17 after tax or $.04 per share) related to a reduction in workforce and the implementation of a distribution and logistics realignment in Australia. Earnings from discontinued operations included an after-tax effect of $5 ($.01 per share) associated with a reduction in workforce.
 
Five-Year Review should be read in conjunction with the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
Item 7.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition
 
Overview
 
 
Campbell Soup Company is a global manufacturer and marketer of high-quality, branded convenience food products. Prior to the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the company’s operations were organized and reported in the following segments: U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages; Baking and Snacking; International Soup, Sauces and Beverages; and Other. Other included the Godiva Chocolatier worldwide business and the company’s Away From Home operations. As of the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the results of the Godiva Chocolatier business were reported as discontinued operations for the periods presented due to the divestiture of the business. Beginning with the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the Away From Home business was reported as North America Foodservice. See Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on segments.
 
The company’s well-known brands are sold in approximately 120 countries. Its principal geographies are North America, France, Germany, Belgium, and Australia.
 
 
To achieve its financial goal of long-term sustainable sales and earnings growth, the company is focused on executing seven strategies:
 
1. expand its icon brands within simple meals, baked snacks and healthy beverages;
 
2. trade consumers up to higher levels of satisfaction centering on wellness, quality and convenience;
 
3. make its products more broadly available in existing and new markets;
 
4. strengthen its business through outside partnerships and acquisitions;
 
5. increase margins by improving price realization and company-wide productivity;
 
6. improve overall organizational excellence, diversity, engagement, and innovation; and
 
7. advance a powerful commitment to sustainability and corporate social responsibility.
 
Expand the company’s icon brands within simple meals, baked snacks and healthy beverages.  The company’s overarching business strategy is focused on driving profitable growth in three large, global categories — simple meals, baked snacks, and healthy beverages — that are well aligned with consumer trends, and are growing in most of the markets in which the company does business. Principal brands in these core categories include Campbell’s, Swanson, Pace, Liebig, Erasco, Pepperidge Farm, Goldfish, Arnott’s, and V8. The company


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has strong market positions in the segments within these categories in the geographies in which it competes, and its businesses in these categories respond well to product innovation and consumer support.
 
Recent portfolio changes have been intended to enhance the company’s focus in these three core categories, in markets with the greatest potential for growth. In fiscal 2008, the company announced the divestiture of the Godiva Chocolatier business, which was completed in the third quarter of the fiscal year, and the divestiture of certain salty snack food brands and assets in Australia, which was completed in the fourth fiscal quarter. The company also announced the divestiture of its sauce and mayonnaise business in France marketed under the Lesieur brand, which was completed on September 29, 2008.
 
Trade consumers up to higher levels of satisfaction centering on wellness, quality and convenience.  Within its core categories, the company is focused on meeting the demand for products that respond to growing consumer interest in health and nutrition, quality and convenience. In the past two years, the company introduced new and reformulated condensed and ready-to-serve soups with reduced sodium in the U.S., Canada, Australia and Europe. In fiscal 2008, it introduced Campbell’s Select Harvest soups, a new line of ready-to-serve soups with lower sodium, and a line of 100% vegetable soups in aseptic packaging marketed under the V8 brand. Responding to consumer interest in weight management, in fiscal 2008 the company also introduced Campbell’s Select Harvest Light soups and other lower calorie offerings. In the category of baked snacks, the company expanded the health credentials of its product lines through the introduction of Pepperidge Farm whole-grain breads, rolls and bagels and whole-grain Arnott’s Vita-Weat biscuits. It also expanded its healthy beverage portfolio with new varieties of V8 V-Fusion vegetable and fruit juice, a fast-growing extension of the V8 vegetable juice franchise. In the convenience arena, the company continues to focus on single-serve microwavable soups in North America, Europe and Australia, portable packages of cookie and cracker products, and merchandising innovations, such as gravity-feed shelving, that enhance the convenience of the shopping experience for the consumer.
 
Make the company’s products more broadly available in existing and new markets.  The company is pursuing strategies designed to expand the availability of its products in existing markets and to capitalize on opportunities in emerging channels and markets around the globe. In North America, for example, it is developing distribution in convenience and other channels through its agreement with The Coca-Cola Company and Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc. for the distribution of refrigerated single-serve beverages. To realize the potential of emerging markets, the company is implementing its previously announced plans to establish soup businesses in Russia and the People’s Republic of China.
 
Strengthen the company’s business through outside partnerships and acquisitions.  In fiscal 2008, the company announced a new commitment to enhance sales and earnings growth through value-creating external development. In July 2008, it acquired the existing Wolfgang Puck U.S. soup business and entered into a license agreement for the Wolfgang Puck brand on soup, stock and broth products in North America retail locations. Wolfgang Puck is one of the leading organic soup brands in the U.S.
 
Increase margins by improving price realization and company-wide productivity.  The company remains focused on increasing margins though a combination of pricing and productivity improvements that are intended to cover cost increases and build margins over time. In April 2008, it announced a series of initiatives designed to improve operational efficiency and long-term profitability, including (i) plans for the closure of its plant in Listowel, Ontario, Canada; (ii) the sale of certain salty snack food brands and assets in Australia; (iii) plans for the discontinuation of private label biscuit and industrial chocolate production at the company’s Miranda, Australia facility, and the closure of the facility; and (iv) streamlining of the company’s management structure.
 
Improve overall organizational excellence, diversity, engagement and innovation.  The company remains committed to building a diverse and engaged workforce that is focused on excellence and innovation. Its efforts span three primary areas: (1) capabilities, including improving skills, innovation capabilities, and manager and team effectiveness; (2) culture, including values, workplace flexibility and employee wellness, and (3) human resources infrastructure, including processes and technology. Ensuring an effective, motivated, inclusive and diverse workplace will be the foundation of all organizational initiatives. The company will continue to use annual employee surveys to assess its progress in building employee satisfaction and engagement.
 
Advance a powerful commitment to sustainability and corporate social responsibility.  In August 2008, the company affirmed its commitment to corporate social responsibility and environmental sustainability and issued its


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first corporate social responsibility report, “Nourishing People’s Lives,” which describes the company’s strategies, policies, programs and initiatives. The report focuses on four areas of primary importance to the company’s stakeholders: Campbell’s consumers; the planet; Campbell’s employees; and Campbell’s communities.
 
 
On March 18, 2008, the company completed the sale of its Godiva Chocolatier business for $850 million, pursuant to a Sale and Purchase Agreement dated December 20, 2007. The purchase price was subject to certain post-closing adjustments, which resulted in an additional $20 million of proceeds. The company has reflected the results of this business as discontinued operations in the consolidated statements of earnings for all years presented. The company used approximately $600 million of the net proceeds to purchase company stock. See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
 
In the third quarter of 2008, the company entered into an agreement to sell certain Australian salty snack food brands and assets. The transaction, which was completed on May 12, 2008, included salty snack brands such as Cheezels, Thins, Tasty Jacks, French Fries, and Kettle Chips, certain other assets and the assumption of liabilities. Proceeds of the sale were nominal. The business had annual net sales of approximately $150 million. This transaction is included in the restructuring initiatives described in Note 7.
 
In July 2008, the company entered into an agreement to sell its sauce and mayonnaise business comprised of products sold under the Lesieur brand in France. The business had annual net sales of approximately $70 million. The assets and liabilities of this business were reflected as assets and liabilities held for sale in the consolidated balance sheet as of August 3, 2008. The sale was completed on September 29, 2008. See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
 
In June 2008, the company acquired the Wolfgang Puck soup business from Country Gourmet Foods for approximately $10 million of which approximately $1 million will be paid in the next two years. The company also entered into a master licensing agreement with Wolfgang Puck Worldwide, Inc. for the use of the Wolfgang Puck brand on soup, stock, and broth products in North America retail locations. This business is included in the U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages segment. The business had annual sales of approximately $20 million. See Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
 
On August 15, 2006, the company completed the sale of its businesses in the United Kingdom and Ireland for £460 million, or approximately $870 million, pursuant to a Sale and Purchase Agreement dated July 12, 2006. The United Kingdom and Ireland businesses included Homepride sauces, OXO stock cubes, Batchelors soups and McDonnells and Erin soups. The purchase price was subject to certain post-closing adjustments, which resulted in an additional $19 million of proceeds. The company has reflected the results of these businesses as discontinued operations in the consolidated statements of earnings for all years presented. The company used approximately $620 million of the net proceeds to purchase company stock. See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
 
In June 2007, the company completed the sale of its ownership interest in Papua New Guinea operations for approximately $23 million. This business had annual sales of approximately $20 million.
 
Results of Operations
 
2008
 
Net earnings were $1,165 million in 2008 ($3.06 per share) and $854 million ($2.16 per share) in 2007. (All earnings per share amounts included in Management’s Discussion and Analysis are presented on a diluted basis.)
 
The following items impacted the comparability of net earnings and net earnings per share:
 
Continuing Operations
 
  •  In fiscal 2008, the company recorded a pre-tax restructuring charge of $175 million ($102 million after tax or $.27 per share) in earnings from continuing operations associated with initiatives to improve operational efficiency and long-term profitability, including selling certain salty snack food brands and assets in


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  Australia, closing certain production facilities in Australia and Canada, and streamlining the company’s management structure. In addition, in connection with these initiatives, the company recorded $7 million ($5 million after tax or $.01 per share) of accelerated depreciation in Cost of products sold. The aggregate impact was $182 million ($107 million after tax or $.28 per share). See Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements and “Restructuring Charges” for additional information;
 
  •  In the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the company recorded a non-cash tax benefit of $13 million ($.03 per share) from the favorable resolution of a state tax contingency in the United States;
 
  •  In the third quarter of fiscal 2007, the company recorded a pre-tax non-cash benefit of $20 million ($13 million after tax or $.03 per share) in earnings from continuing operations from the reversal of legal reserves due to favorable results in litigation;
 
  •  In the third quarter of fiscal 2007, the company recorded a tax benefit of $22 million resulting from the settlement of bilateral advance pricing agreements (“APA”) among the company, the United States, and Canada related to royalties. In addition, the company reduced net interest expense by $4 million ($3 million after tax). The aggregate impact on earnings from continuing operations was $25 million or $.06 per share; and
 
  •  In the second quarter of 2007, the company recorded a pre-tax gain of $23 million ($14 million after tax or $.04 per share) from the sale of an idle manufacturing facility.
 
Discontinued Operations
 
  •  In 2008, the company recognized a pre-tax gain of $698 million ($462 million after tax or $1.21 per share) in earnings from discontinued operations from the sale of the Godiva Chocolatier business;
 
  •  In 2007, the company recognized a pre-tax gain of $39 million ($24 million after tax or $.06 per share) from the sale of the businesses in the United Kingdom and Ireland. In addition, a tax benefit of $7 million ($0.02 per share) was recognized from the favorable resolution of tax audits in the United Kingdom.
 
 
The items impacting comparability are summarized below:
 
                                 
    2008     2007  
    Earnings
    EPS
    Earnings
    EPS
 
    Impact     Impact     Impact     Impact  
    (Millions, except per share amounts)  
 
Earnings from continuing operations
  $ 671     $ 1.76     $ 792     $ 2.00  
                                 
Earnings from discontinued operations
  $ 494     $ 1.30     $ 62     $ 0.16  
                                 
Net earnings
  $ 1,165     $ 3.06     $ 854     $ 2.16  
                                 
Continuing operations:
                               
Restructuring charges and related costs
  $ (107 )   $ (.28 )   $     $  
Benefit from resolution of state tax contingency
    13       .03              
Reversal of legal reserves
                13       0.03  
Benefit from settlement of the APA
                25       0.06  
Gain on the sale of the facility
                14       0.04  
Discontinued operations:
                               
Gain on sale of Godiva Chocolatier business
  $ 462     $ 1.21     $     $  
Gain on sale of U.K./Ireland businesses
                24       0.06  
Benefit from settlement of tax audits
                7       0.02  
                                 
Impact of significant items on net earnings(1)
  $ 368     $ 0.97     $ 83     $ 0.21  
                                 
 
 
(1) The sum of the individual per share amounts does not equal due to rounding.


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Earnings from continuing operations were $671 million in 2008 ($1.76 per share) and $792 million ($2.00 per share) in 2007.
 
After factoring in the items impacting comparability, earnings from continuing operations increased primarily due to higher sales, productivity improvements, the impact of currency and the benefit of the 53rd week, partially offset by a reduction of gross margin as a percentage of sales and a higher effective tax rate. The additional week contributed approximately $.02 per share to earnings from continuing operations in 2008. Earnings per share from continuing operations also benefited from a reduction in weighted average diluted shares outstanding.
 
Earnings from discontinued operations were $494 million in 2008 ($1.30 per share) and $62 million ($.16 per share) in 2007. After factoring items impacting comparability, earnings at Godiva increased slightly.
 
2007
 
Earnings from continuing operations were $792 million ($2.00 per share) in 2007 and $720 million ($1.74 per share) in 2006.
 
In addition to the 2007 items that impacted the comparability of Earnings from continuing operations and Earnings per share from continuing operations, the following items also impacted comparability:
 
  •  In the first quarter of 2006, a $13 million pre-tax gain was recognized due to a change in the method of accounting for certain U.S. inventories from the LIFO method to the average cost method. The impact on Earnings from continuing operations was $8 million ($.02 per share). Prior periods were not restated since the impact of the change on previously issued financial statements was not considered material. (See Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements);
 
  •  In the first quarter of 2006, the company recorded a non-cash tax benefit of $47 million resulting from the favorable resolution of a U.S. tax contingency related to transactions in government securities in a prior period. In addition, the company reduced interest expense and accrued interest payable by $21 million and adjusted deferred tax expense by $8 million ($13 million after tax). The aggregate non-cash impact of the settlement on Earnings from continuing operations was $60 million, or $.14 per share. (See Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements);
 
  •  In 2006, incremental tax expense of $13 million ($.03 per share) was recognized associated with incremental dividends of $294 million as the company finalized its plan to repatriate earnings from non-U.S. subsidiaries under the provisions of the American Jobs Creation Act (the AJCA); and
 
  •  In the fourth quarter of 2006, the company recorded a deferred tax benefit of $14 million ($.03 per share) from the anticipated use of higher levels of foreign tax credits, which could be utilized as a result of the sale of the company’s United Kingdom and Ireland businesses in August 2006.


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The items impacting comparability are summarized below:
 
                                 
    2007     2006  
    Earnings
    EPS
    Earnings
    EPS
 
    Impact     Impact     Impact     Impact  
    (Millions, except per share amounts)  
 
Earnings from continuing operations
  $ 792     $ 2.00     $ 720     $ 1.74  
                                 
Reversal of legal reserves
  $ 13     $ 0.03     $     $  
Benefit from the settlement of the APA
    25       0.06              
Gain on the sale of the facility
    14       0.04              
Impact of change in inventory accounting method
                8       0.02  
Favorable resolution of a U.S. tax contingency
                60       0.14  
Tax expense on repatriation of earnings under the AJCA
                (13 )     (0.03 )
Tax benefit related to the anticipated use of foreign tax credits
                14       0.03  
                                 
Impact of significant items on continuing operations(1)
  $ 52     $ 0.13     $ 69     $ 0.17  
                                 
 
 
(1) The sum of the individual per share amounts does not equal due to rounding.
 
In addition, the comparability of Earnings per share from continuing operations was impacted by the use of proceeds from the sale of the United Kingdom and Ireland businesses in the first quarter of 2007. During the first quarter of 2007, the company completed its previously announced program utilizing $620 million of the net proceeds to repurchase shares. The impact in 2007 of utilizing those proceeds to repurchase shares and reduce shares outstanding in the calculation of Earnings per share from continuing operations was a benefit of approximately $.07 in Earnings per share from continuing operations.
 
The remaining increase in Earnings from continuing operations in 2007 from 2006 was primarily due to an increase in sales, a higher gross margin as a percentage of sales, and lower net interest expense, partially offset by increased marketing expenses and a higher effective tax rate.
 
Sales
 
An analysis of net sales by reportable segment follows:
 
                                         
                      % Change  
    2008     2007     2006     2008/2007     2007/2006  
    (Millions)              
 
U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages
  $ 3,674     $ 3,495     $ 3,265       5       7  
Baking and Snacking
    2,058       1,850       1,747       11       6  
International Soup, Sauces and Beverages
    1,610       1,402       1,257       15       12  
North America Foodservice
    656       638       625       3       2  
                                         
    $ 7,998     $ 7,385     $ 6,894       8       7  
                                         
 
The additional week in fiscal 2008 contributed to approximately 2 percentage points of the increase from 2007.
 
See also Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for information on modifications in 2008 to the company’s segments.


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An analysis of percent change of net sales by reportable segment follows:
 
                                         
                International
             
    U.S. Soup,
    Baking
    Soup,
    North
       
    Sauces and
    and
    Sauces and
    America
       
    Beverages     Snacking     Beverages     Foodservice     Total  
 
2008/2007
                                       
Volume and Mix
    3 %     2 %     2 %     (2 )%     2 %
Price and Sales Allowances
    2       6             2       2  
Increased
                                       
Promotional Spending(1)
    (1 )     (1 )           (1 )     (1 )
Impact of 53rd week
    1       2       2       2       2  
Divestitures
          (3 )                 (1 )
Currency
          5       11       2       4  
                                         
      5 %     11 %     15 %     3 %     8 %
                                         
2007/2006
                                       
Volume and Mix
    5 %     2 %     5 %     (1 )%     3 %
Price and Sales Allowances
    2       2       1       3       2  
Increased
                                       
Promotional Spending(1)
          (1 )                  
Currency
          3       6             2  
                                         
      7 %     6 %     12 %     2 %     7 %
                                         
 
 
(1) Represents revenue reductions from trade promotion and consumer coupon redemption programs.
 
In 2008, U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages sales increased 5%. As reported, U.S. soup sales increased 2% as condensed soup sales increased 1%, ready-to-serve soup sales increased 1%, and broth sales increased 12%. Excluding the benefit of the 53rd week, U.S. soup sales increased 1% as condensed soup sales were flat, ready-to-serve soup sales increased 1%, and broth sales increased 11%. Within condensed soup, gains in cooking varieties were offset by declines in eating varieties. In ready-to-serve, sales gains in Campbell’s Chunky and Campbell’s Select canned soups were partially offset by a decline in the convenience platform, which includes soups in microwavable bowls and cups. Condensed and ready-to-serve soups benefited from the lower sodium varieties. Swanson broth sales increased due to continued growth of aseptically-packaged varieties. Excluding the impact of the 53rd week, beverage sales increased double digits, primarily due to consumer demand for healthy beverages. V8 vegetable juice, V8 V-Fusion vegetable and fruit juice, and V8 Splash juice drinks contributed to the sales growth. Sales of Campbell’s tomato juice declined. Beverage sales benefited from expanded distribution of single-serve beverages due to the distribution agreement for refrigerated single-serve beverages with The Coca-Cola Company and Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc. Sales of Prego pasta sauces and Pace Mexican sauces increased.
 
In 2007, U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages sales increased 7%. U.S. soup sales increased 5% as condensed soup sales increased 3%, ready-to-serve soup sales increased 5% and broth sales increased 12%. The introduction in 2007 of new lower sodium varieties of condensed and ready-to-serve soups contributed to the sales growth. Within condensed soup, both eating and cooking varieties delivered solid sales gains. Sales growth in ready-to-serve soup was driven by gains in Campbell’s Chunky and Campbell’s Select soups which benefited from higher levels of advertising. In the convenience platform, which includes soups in microwavable bowls and cups, sales grew double digits. Swanson broth sales grew due to increased advertising and continued growth of aseptically-packaged products. Beverage sales grew significantly as V8 vegetable juice and V8 V-Fusion vegetable and fruit juice, introduced in the second quarter of 2006, responded favorably to new advertising campaigns and increased levels of advertising. V8 Splash juice drinks also experienced sales growth. Sales of Prego pasta sauces and Pace Mexican sauces increased.


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In 2008, Baking and Snacking sales increased 11%. Excluding the impact of the 53rd week, Pepperidge Farm sales increased with growth in all businesses: cookies and crackers, bakery, and frozen. The sales increase in the cookies and crackers business was primarily due to the growth of Pepperidge Farm Goldfish snack crackers, the launch of Baked Naturals, a line of adult savory snack crackers, and growth in Distinctive cookie varieties. Bakery sales increased driven by gains in whole-grain varieties and sandwich rolls. Arnott’s sales increased due to the favorable impact of currency, growth in biscuits, and the benefit of the 53rd week, partially offset by the divestitures of certain salty snack food brands and the business in Papua New Guinea.
 
In 2007, Baking and Snacking sales increased 6%. Pepperidge Farm sales increased primarily as a result of gains in the bakery and cookies and crackers businesses. The bakery business sales growth was driven by gains in Pepperidge Farm whole-grain breads and sandwich rolls. The cookies and crackers sales growth was primarily due to Pepperidge Farm Goldfish snack crackers, partially offset by a decline in cookies. Arnott’s sales increased, primarily due to the favorable impact of currency and strong branded biscuits sales performance, partially offset by volume declines in the Australian snack foods business.
 
International Soup, Sauces and Beverages sales increased 15% in 2008 from 2007. In Europe, sales increased due to the favorable impact of currency, the benefit of the 53rd week, and volume gains in Belgium, partially offset by a decline in Germany. In the Asia Pacific region, sales increased due to the favorable impact of currency, growth in the Australian soup business and the benefit of the 53rd week. In Canada, sales increased primarily due to the favorable impact of currency, the benefit of the 53rd week, and growth in soup and beverages.
 
International Soup, Sauces and Beverages sales increased 12% in 2007 versus 2006. In Europe, sales increased primarily due to the favorable impact of currency and strong wet soup growth in France, Germany and Belgium. In Canada, sales increased due to growth in soup and the favorable impact of currency.
 
In 2008, sales in North America Foodservice increased 3% primarily due to the benefit of the 53rd week and the impact of currency. Excluding the impact of currency and the benefit of the 53rd week, sales declined due primarily to weakness in the food service sector.
 
In North America Foodservice, sales increased 2% in 2007 versus 2006 primarily due to strong growth of frozen soups and beverages.
 
 
Gross profit, defined as Net sales less Cost of products sold, increased by $170 million in 2008 from 2007 and by $207 million in 2007 from 2006. As a percent of sales, gross profit was 39.6% in 2008, 40.6% in 2007 and 40.5% in 2006. The percentage point decrease in 2008 was due to the impact of cost inflation and other factors (approximately 3.8 percentage points), a higher level of promotional spending (approximately 0.5 percentage points), partially offset by higher selling prices (approximately 1.5 percentage points), productivity improvements (approximately 1.7 percentage points) and mix (approximately 0.1 percentage points). The percentage point increase in 2007 was due to productivity improvements (approximately 2.0 percentage points) and higher selling prices (approximately 1.3 percentage points), partially offset by mix (approximately 0.1 percentage point), a higher level of promotional spending (approximately 0.1 percentage points), costs associated with the relocation and start-up of a replacement refrigerated soup facility (approximately 0.1 percentage points), a benefit from a change in the method of accounting for inventory in 2006 (approximately 0.2 percentage points), and the impact of cost inflation and other factors (approximately 2.7 percentage points).
 
 
Marketing and selling expenses as a percent of sales were 14.5% in 2008 and 15.0% in both 2007 and 2006. Marketing and selling expenses increased 5% in 2008 from 2007. The increase was primarily due to the impact of currency (approximately 3 percentage points) and higher advertising (approximately 1 percentage point). Marketing and selling expenses increased 7% in 2007 from 2006. The increase was primarily due to higher advertising and consumer promotion expense (approximately 5 percentage points), higher selling expenses (approximately 1 percentage point) and the impact of currency (approximately 1 percentage point).


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Administrative expenses as a percent of sales were 7.6% in 2008, 7.7% in 2007 and 8.0% in 2006. Administrative expenses increased 6% in 2008 from 2007. Administrative expenses in 2007 included the reversal of $20 million of legal reserves from favorable results in litigation, which accounted for approximately 4 percentage points of the increase from 2007 to 2008. The remaining increase in 2008 was primarily due to the impact of currency (approximately 3 percentage points). Administrative expenses increased 3% in 2007 from 2006. The increase was due to higher incentive compensation costs (approximately 3 percentage points), costs associated with the ongoing implementation of the SAP enterprise-resource planning system in North America (approximately 1 percentage point), costs to establish businesses in Russia and China (approximately 1 percentage point), the impact of currency (approximately 1 percentage point) and higher general administrative expenses (approximately 1 percentage point), partially offset by the reversal of $20 million of legal reserves resulting from favorable results in litigation (approximately 4 percentage points).
 
 
Research and development expenses increased $4 million or 4% in 2008 from 2007. The increase was primarily due to the impact of currency (approximately 3 percentage points). Research and development expenses increased $8 million or 8% in 2007 from 2006 primarily due to expenses related to new product development (approximately 5 percentage points), higher incentive compensation costs (approximately 1 percentage point) and the impact of currency (approximately 1 percentage point).
 
 
Other expense in 2008 included $6 million of impairment charges associated with certain trademarks used in the International Soup, Sauces and Beverages segment and the pending sale of the sauce and mayonnaise business comprised of products sold under the Lesieur brand in France. See also Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
Other income of $30 million in 2007 included a $23 million gain on the sale of an idle manufacturing facility, a $10 million gain on a settlement in lieu of condemnation of a refrigerated soup facility, and a $3 million gain on the sale of the company’s business in Papua New Guinea.
 
Other expense of $9 million in 2006 included the cost of acquiring the rights to the Goldfish trademark in certain non-U.S. countries and an impairment charge on a trademark used in the Australian snack foods market.
 
Operating Earnings
 
Segment operating earnings decreased 9% in 2008 from 2007. The 2008 results included $182 million of restructuring charges and related costs.
 
Segment operating earnings increased 12% in 2007 from 2006.
 
An analysis of operating earnings by reportable segment follows:
 
                                         
                      % Change  
    2008(1)     2007     2006     2008/2007     2007/2006  
    (Millions)              
 
U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages
  $ 891     $ 861     $ 814       3       6  
Baking and Snacking
    120       238       185       (50 )     29  
International Soup, Sauces and Beverages
    179       168       144       7       17  
North America Foodservice
    40       78       59       (49 )     32  
                                         
      1,230       1,345       1,202       (9 )     12  
Unallocated corporate expenses
    (132 )     (102 )     (105 )                
                                         
    $ 1,098     $ 1,243     $ 1,097                  
                                         


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(1) Operating earnings by segment include the effect of a 2008 restructuring charge and related costs of $182 million as follows: Baking and Snacking — $144 million; International Soup, Sauces and Beverages — $9 million; and North America Foodservice — $29 million. See Note 7 for additional information.
 
Earnings from U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages increased 3% in 2008 from 2007 primarily due to higher sales volume, productivity savings, and higher price realization, partially offset by cost inflation.
 
Earnings from U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages increased 6% in 2007 from 2006. The 2006 results included an $8 million benefit from the change in the method of accounting for inventories. The remaining increase in earnings was primarily due to the increase in sales and productivity improvements, partially offset by cost inflation and higher advertising expense.
 
Earnings from Baking and Snacking decreased 50% in 2008 from 2007. Earnings in 2008 included $144 million in restructuring charges. Earnings in 2007 included a $23 million gain from the sale of an idle Pepperidge Farm manufacturing facility. Excluding these items, the remaining increase in earnings was due to earnings growth in the Australian biscuit business, the favorable impact of currency and gains in Pepperidge Farm.
 
Earnings from Baking and Snacking increased 29% in 2007 from 2006. The 2007 results included a $23 million gain from the sale of an idle Pepperidge Farm manufacturing facility. The 2006 results included a $5 million benefit from the change in the method of accounting for inventories. The remaining increase was primarily due to higher earnings at Pepperidge Farm and the favorable impact of currency. Within Arnott’s, excluding the impact of currency, an earnings increase in the biscuit business was offset by a decline in the Australian snack foods business.
 
Earnings from International Soup, Sauces, and Beverages increased 7% in 2008 from 2007. The 2008 earnings included $9 million of restructuring charges. Excluding this item, the remaining increase was due to the favorable impact of currency and growth in Canada and Australia soup, partially offset by costs to launch products in Russia and China and impairment charges on certain trademarks.
 
Earnings from International Soup, Sauces and Beverages increased 17% in 2007 from 2006. The increase in earnings was primarily due to earnings growth in the businesses in Europe and Canada and the favorable impact of currency, partially offset by costs to establish businesses in Russia and China.
 
Earnings from North America Foodservice decreased 49%, or $38 million, in 2008 from 2007. Earnings in 2008 included $29 million of restructuring charges and related costs. Earnings in 2007 included a $10 million gain related to a settlement in lieu of condemnation of a refrigerated soup facility, which was partially offset by relocation and start-up costs associated with the replacement facility. Earnings in 2008 were also adversely impacted by cost inflation, partially offset by higher selling prices and productivity gains.
 
Earnings from North America Foodservice increased 32% in 2007 from 2006 due to higher net sales, productivity improvements, and a gain on settlement in lieu of condemnation of a refrigerated soup facility, partially offset by cost inflation and relocation and start-up costs associated with the replacement facility.
 
Unallocated corporate expenses increased $30 million from $102 million in 2007 to $132 million in 2008. The increase was primarily due to the reversal of $20 million of legal reserves in 2007 due to favorable results in litigation, a gain on the sale of the Papua New Guinea business in 2007 and an impairment charge in 2008 associated with the pending sale of the sauce and mayonnaise business sold under the Lesieur brand in France.
 
Unallocated corporate expenses decreased $3 million from $105 million in 2006 to $102 million in 2007. The decrease was primarily due to the reversal of $20 million of legal reserves resulting from favorable results in litigation, mostly offset by higher incentive compensation expenses and higher expenses associated with the ongoing implementation of the SAP enterprise-resource planning system in North America.
 
 
Interest expense increased 2% in 2008 from 2007. The prior year included a $4 million reduction in interest related to the APA settlement. The remaining increase was due to a reduction in interest in 2007 related to the favorable settlement of U.S. federal income tax audits and lower capitalized interest, partially offset by lower debt


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levels. Interest income declined to $8 million in 2008 from $19 million in 2007 primarily due to lower levels of cash and cash equivalents.
 
Interest expense decreased 1% in 2007 from 2006. In 2007, the company recognized a $4 million reduction in interest associated with the APA settlement. In 2006, interest expense included a non-cash reduction of $21 million related to a favorable tax settlement of a U.S. tax contingency. The remaining net reduction in 2007 was primarily due to lower debt levels and lower interest expense associated with tax matters, partially offset by higher interest rates. Interest income increased to $19 million in 2007 from $15 million in 2006 due to higher levels of cash and cash equivalents.
 
 
The effective tax rate was 28.5% in 2008, 27.9% in 2007 and 24.0% in 2006. The following factors impacted the comparability of the tax rate in 2008 versus 2007:
 
  •  In 2008, the company recognized a tax benefit of $75 million on the $182 million pre-tax restructuring charge and related costs.
 
  •  In 2008, the company recognized a $13 million benefit from the resolution of a state tax contingency.
 
  •  In 2007, the company recognized a $22 million benefit from the favorable settlement of the APA among the company, the United States and Canada related to royalties.
 
In 2007, the company also recognized an additional net benefit of $40 million, following the finalization of the 2002-2004 U.S. federal tax audits.
 
The increase in the rate from 2006 to 2007 was primarily attributable to lower tax settlement amounts and higher taxes on foreign earnings in 2007. The 2007 effective rate included a benefit of $22 million resulting from the favorable settlement of the APA and an additional net benefit of $40 million following the finalization of the 2002-2004 U.S. federal tax audits. The 2006 effective rate included a benefit of $47 million resulting from the favorable resolution of a U.S. tax contingency and a benefit of $21 million related to the favorable resolution of the 1996-2001 U.S. federal tax audits. After factoring in these items, the increase in the 2007 effective rate from 2006 was primarily due to higher taxes on foreign earnings.
 
Restructuring Charges
 
On April 28, 2008, the company announced a series of initiatives to improve operational efficiency and long-term profitability, including selling certain salty snack food brands and assets in Australia, closing certain production facilities in Australia and Canada, and streamlining the company’s management structure. As a result of these initiatives, the company expects to incur aggregate pre-tax costs of approximately $230 million, consisting of the following: approximately $120 million associated with a loss on the sale of certain Australian salty snack food brands and assets; approximately $62 million in employee severance and benefit costs, including the estimated impact of curtailment and other pension charges; approximately $38 million in asset write-offs and accelerated depreciation of property, plant and equipment; and approximately $10 million in other exit costs. Of the aggregate $230 million of pre-tax costs, the company expects approximately $65 million will be cash expenditures, the majority of which will be spent in 2009. The cash outflows related to these programs are not expected to have a material adverse impact on the company’s liquidity. Annual pre-tax benefits are expected to be approximately $15-$20 million beginning in 2009. In 2008, the company recorded a restructuring charge of $175 million ($102 million after tax or $.27 per share) related to these initiatives. The charge consisted of a net loss of $120 million ($64 million after tax) on the sale of certain Australian salty snack food brands and assets, $45 million ($31 million after tax) of employee severance and benefit costs, including the estimated impact of curtailment and other pension charges, and $10 million ($7 million after tax) of property, plant and equipment impairment charges. In addition, approximately $7 million ($5 million after tax or $.01 per share) of costs related to these initiatives were recorded in Cost of products sold, primarily representing accelerated depreciation on property, plant and equipment. The aggregate after-tax impact of restructuring charges and related costs was $107 million, or $.28 per share.
 
In the third quarter of 2008, as part of the previously discussed initiatives, the company entered into an agreement to sell certain Australian salty snack food brands and assets. The transaction was completed on May 12,


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2008. Proceeds of the sale were nominal. In connection with this transaction, the company recognized a net loss of $120 million ($64 million after tax). The terms of the agreement require the company to provide a loan facility to the buyer of AUD $10 million, or approximately USD $9 million. The facility can be drawn down in AUD $5 million increments, six months and nine months after the closing date. Any borrowings under the facility are to be repaid five years after the closing date. The company will also provide transition services for approximately one year. See also Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
 
In April 2008, as part of the previously discussed initiatives, the company announced plans to close the Listowel, Ontario, Canada food plant. The Listowel facility produces primarily frozen products, including soup, entrees, and Pepperidge Farm products, as well as ramen noodles. The facility employs approximately 500 people. The company plans to operate the facility through April 2009 and transition production to its network of North American contract manufacturers and to its Downingtown, Pennsylvania plant. As a result, the company recorded $20 million ($14 million after tax) of employee severance and benefit costs, including the estimated impact of curtailment and other pension charges, and $7 million ($5 million after tax) in accelerated depreciation of property, plant and equipment in 2008. The company expects to incur approximately $15 million in additional employee severance and benefit costs, approximately $19 million in accelerated depreciation of property, plant and equipment, and approximately $6 million in other exit costs.
 
In April 2008, as part of the previously discussed initiatives, the company also announced plans to discontinue the private label biscuit and industrial chocolate production at its Miranda, Australia facility. The company plans to close the Miranda facility, which employs approximately 150 people, by the second quarter of 2009. In connection with this action, the company recorded $10 million ($7 million after tax) of property, plant and equipment impairment charges and $8 million ($6 million after tax) in employee severance and benefit costs. The company expects to incur an additional $2 million in accelerated depreciation of property, plant, and equipment, and approximately $4 million in other exit costs.
 
As part of the previously discussed initiatives, the company also plans to streamline its management structure and eliminate certain overhead costs. These actions began in the fourth quarter of 2008 and will be substantially completed in 2009. In connection with this action, the company recorded $17 million ($11 million after tax) in employee severance and benefit costs. The company expects to incur approximately $2 million of additional employee severance and benefit costs.
 
The total pre-tax costs of $230 million expected to be incurred by segment are as follows: Baking and Snacking — $151 million, International Soup, Sauces and Beverages — $7 million, North America Foodservice — $69 million, and $3 million to be allocated among all segments. The company incurred pre-tax costs of approximately $182 million in 2008 by segment as follows: Baking and Snacking — $144 million, International Soup, Sauces and Beverages — $9 million and North America Foodservice — $29 million.
 
See Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
 
Discontinued Operations
 
On March 18, 2008, the company completed the sale of its Godiva Chocolatier business for $850 million, pursuant to a Stock Purchase Agreement dated December 20, 2007. The purchase price was subject to working capital and other post-closing adjustments, which resulted in an additional $20 million of proceeds. The company has reflected the results of this business as discontinued operations in the consolidated statements of earnings for all years presented. This business was historically included in Other for segment reporting purposes. The company recognized a pre-tax gain of $698 million ($462 million after tax or $1.21 per share) on the sale. The company used $600 million of the net proceeds from the sale to purchase company stock.


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The results of the company’s businesses in the United Kingdom and Ireland sold in August 2006 are included in discontinued operations. Results of the businesses are summarized below:
 
                                                         
    2008     2007     2006  
    Godiva     UK/Ireland     Godiva     Total     UK/Ireland     Godiva     Total  
    (Millions)  
 
Net sales
  $ 393     $ 16     $ 482     $ 498     $ 435     $ 449     $ 884  
                                                         
Earnings from operations before taxes
  $ 49     $     $ 50     $ 50     $ 90     $ 54     $ 144  
Taxes on earnings — operations
    (17 )     7       (19 )     (12 )     (18 )     (19 )     (37 )
Gain on sale
    698       39             39                    
Deferred tax expense/after-tax costs associated with sale
                            (61 )           (61 )
Tax impact of gain on sale
    (236 )     (15 )           (15 )                  
                                                         
Earnings from discontinued operations
  $ 494     $ 31     $ 31     $ 62     $ 11     $ 35     $ 46  
                                                         
 
The 2007 results included a $24 million after-tax gain, or $.06 per share, on the sale of the businesses in the United Kingdom and Ireland. The 2007 results also included a $7 million tax benefit from the favorable resolution of tax audits in the United Kingdom.
 
The 2006 results included $56 million of deferred tax expense, which was recognized in accordance with Emerging Issues Task Force Issue No. 93-17 “Recognition of Deferred Tax Assets for a Parent Company’s Excess Tax Basis in the Stock of a Subsidiary That is Accounted for as a Discontinued Operation.” Results also included $7 million pre tax ($5 million after tax) of costs associated with the sale of the businesses.
 
The company used $620 million of the net proceeds from the sale of the United Kingdom and Ireland businesses to purchase company stock. The remaining net proceeds were used to settle foreign currency hedging contracts associated with intercompany financing transactions of the business, to pay taxes and expenses associated with the sale, and to repay debt.
 
 
The company expects that foreseeable liquidity and capital resource requirements, including cash outflows to repurchase shares and pay dividends, will be met through cash and cash equivalents, anticipated cash flows from operations, long-term borrowings under shelf registration statements and short-term borrowings, including commercial paper. Over the last three years, operating cash flows totaled approximately $2.7 billion. This cash generating capability provides the company with substantial financial flexibility in meeting its operating and investing needs. The company expects that its sources of financing are adequate to meet its future liquidity and capital resource requirements. The cost and terms of any future financing arrangements depend on the market conditions and the company’s financial position at that time.
 
Net cash flows from operating activities provided $766 million in 2008, compared to $674 million in 2007. The increase was primarily due to a reduction in payments to settle foreign currency hedging transactions and lower investments in working capital, partially offset by tax payments associated with the divestiture of Godiva.
 
Net cash flows from operating activities provided $674 million in 2007, compared to $1,226 million in 2006. The reduction was due primarily to an increase in working capital in 2007 as compared to a decline in 2006 and payments of $186 million to settle hedging transactions, primarily related to foreign currency.
 
Capital expenditures were $298 million in 2008, $334 million in 2007 and $309 million in 2006. Capital expenditures are expected to be approximately $400 million in 2009. The increase in 2009 is primarily due to the previously announced expansion and enhancements of the company’s corporate headquarters (approximately $40 million in total) and expansion of the U.S. beverage production capacity (approximately $60 million in total). Capital expenditures in 2008 included investments to expand the Pepperidge Farm bakery production capacity, implement the SAP enterprise-resource planning system in North America, expand the U.S. beverage production capacity, and expand the warehouse at the Maxton, North Carolina facility. Capital expenditures in 2007 and 2006


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included investments to increase the manufacturing capacity for refrigerated soups in a new facility, implement the SAP enterprise-resource planning system in North America, and implement certain productivity and quality projects in manufacturing facilities.
 
Business acquired, as presented in the Statement of Cash Flows, represents the acquisition of the Wolfgang Puck soup business in the fourth quarter of 2008.
 
Net cash provided by investing activities includes $828 million of proceeds from the sale of the Godiva Chocolatier business and certain Australian salty snack food brands and assets, net of cash divested. Net cash provided by investing activities in 2007 includes $906 million of proceeds from the sale of the businesses in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Papua New Guinea, net of cash divested.
 
There were no new long-term borrowings in 2008 and 2007. Long-term borrowings in 2006 included the issuance of $202 million of five-year variable-rate debt in Australia due July 2011. The proceeds were used to repatriate earnings pursuant to the AJCA. While planning for the issuance of the debt, the company entered into interest rate swap agreements to effectively fix the interest rate on $149 million of the debt prior to its issuance.
 
Dividend payments were $329 million in 2008, $308 million in 2007 and $292 million in 2006. Annual dividends declared in 2008 were $.88 per share, $.80 per share in 2007 and $.72 per share in 2006. The 2008 fourth quarter rate was $.22 per share.
 
Excluding shares owned and tendered by employees to satisfy tax withholding requirements on the vesting of restricted shares, the company repurchased 26 million shares at a cost of $903 million during 2008. During fiscal 2008, the company purchased shares pursuant to two publicly announced share repurchase programs. Under the first program, which was announced on November 21, 2005, the company’s Board of Directors authorized the purchase of up to $600 million of company stock through the end of fiscal 2008. The November 2005 program was completed during the third quarter of fiscal 2008. Under the second program, which was announced on March 18, 2008, the company’s Board of Directors authorized using approximately $600 million of the net proceeds from the sale of the Godiva Chocolatier business to purchase company stock. The March 2008 program was completed during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2008. Under a new program, which was announced on June 30, 2008 and will begin in fiscal 2009, the company’s Board of Directors authorized the purchase of up to $1.2 billion of company stock through the end of fiscal 2011. In addition to the publicly announced share repurchase programs, the company also purchased shares to offset the impact of dilution from shares issued under the company’s stock compensation plans. The company expects to continue this practice in the future. Of the 2008 repurchases, approximately 23 million shares at a cost of $800 million were made pursuant to publicly announced share repurchase programs. The remaining shares were repurchased to offset the impact of dilution from shares issued under the company’s stock compensation plans.
 
Excluding shares owned and tendered by employees to satisfy tax withholding requirements on vesting of restricted shares, the company repurchased 30 million shares at a cost of $1,140 million during 2007. Of the 2007 repurchases, approximately 21 million shares at a cost of $820 million were made pursuant to the company’s then two publicly announced share repurchase programs. The remaining shares were repurchased to offset the impact of dilution from shares issued under the company’s stock compensation plans. The first share repurchase program was the previously discussed Board of Directors authorization announced on November 21, 2005. Under the second share repurchase program, which was announced on August 15, 2006, the company’s Board of Directors authorized using up to $620 million of the net proceeds from the sale of United Kingdom and Ireland businesses to purchase company stock. The August 2006 program terminated at the end of fiscal 2007. See “Market for Registrant’s Capital Stock, Related Shareowner Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities” for more information.
 
At August 3, 2008, the company had $982 million of notes payable due within one year and $33 million of standby letters of credit issued on behalf of the company. The company has a $1.5 billion committed revolving credit facility maturing in 2011, which was unused at August 3, 2008, except for $33 million of standby letters of credit. This agreement supports the company’s commercial paper programs.
 
As of August 3, 2008, the company had $300 million available for issuance under a $1 billion shelf registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission in June 2002. Under the registration statement, the company may issue debt securities, depending on market conditions. The June 2002 registration statement will expire in December 2008.


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The company is in compliance with the covenants contained in its revolving credit facilities and debt securities.
 
 
 
The following table summarizes the company’s obligations and commitments to make future payments under certain contractual obligations. For additional information on debt, see Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. Operating leases are primarily entered into for warehouse and office facilities and certain equipment. Purchase commitments represent purchase orders and long-term purchase arrangements related to the procurement of ingredients, supplies, machinery, equipment and services. These commitments are not expected to have a material impact on liquidity. Other long-term liabilities primarily represent payments related to deferred compensation obligations. For additional information on other long-term liabilities, see Note 15 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
                                         
    Contractual Payments Due by Fiscal Year  
                2010 -
    2012 -
       
    Total     2009     2011     2013     Thereafter  
    (Millions)  
 
Debt obligations(1)
  $ 2,615     $ 982     $ 705     $ 401     $ 527  
Interest payments(2)
    545       117       185       99       144  
Purchase commitments
    1,218       1,020       145       28       25  
Operating leases
    204       40       65       48       51  
Derivative and forward payments(3)
    116       36       40       18       22  
Uncertain tax positions(4)
    2       2                    
Other long-term liabilities(5)
    150       15       28       22       85  
                                         
Total long-term cash obligations
  $ 4,850     $ 2,212     $ 1,168     $ 616     $ 854  
                                         
 
 
(1) Includes capital lease obligations totaling $6 million, unamortized net premium on debt issuances, unamortized gain on a terminated interest rate swap, gain on cash-flow interest rate swaps and a gain on fair-value interest rate swaps. For additional information on debt obligations, see Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
(2) Interest payments for notes payable, long-term debt and derivative instruments are calculated as follows. For notes payable, interest is based on par values and rates of contractually obligated issuances at fiscal year end. For fixed-rate long-term debt, interest is based on principal amounts and fixed coupon rates at fiscal year end. Interest on fixed-rate derivative instruments is based on notional amounts and fixed interest rates contractually obligated at fiscal year end. Interest on variable-rate derivative instruments is based on notional amounts contractually obligated at fiscal year end and rates estimated over the instrument’s life using forward interest rates plus applicable spreads.
 
(3) Represents payments of cross-currency swaps and forward exchange contracts.
 
(4) The company has an additional $59 million of unrecognized tax benefits recorded in long-term liabilities. The company is unable to reasonably estimate when settlement with the taxing authorities may occur.
 
(5) Represents other long-term liabilities, excluding deferred taxes, unrecognized tax benefits and minority interest. This table does not include postretirement benefits, payments related to pension plans or unvested stock-based compensation. For additional information on pension and postretirement benefits, see Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
 
The company guarantees approximately 1,800 bank loans to Pepperidge Farm independent sales distributors by third party financial institutions used to purchase distribution routes. The maximum potential amount of the future payments the company could be required to make under the guarantees is $151 million. The company’s


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guarantees are indirectly secured by the distribution routes. The company does not believe that it is probable that it will be required to make guarantee payments as a result of defaults on the bank loans guaranteed. In connection with the sale of certain Australian salty snack food brands and assets, the company agreed to provide a loan facility to the buyer of AUD $10 million, or approximately USD $9 million. The facility can be drawn down in AUD $5 million increments, six and nine months after the closing date, which was May 12, 2008. Any borrowings under the facility are to be repaid five years after the closing date. See also Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for information on off-balance sheet arrangements.
 
 
In fiscal 2008, inflation, on average, has been significantly higher than previous years. The company uses a number of strategies to mitigate the effects of cost inflation. These strategies include increasing prices, pursuing cost productivity initiatives such as global procurement strategies, commodity hedging and making capital investments that improve the efficiency of operations.
 
Market Risk Sensitivity
 
The principal market risks to which the company is exposed are changes in commodity prices, interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates. In addition, the company is exposed to equity price changes related to certain deferred compensation obligations. The company manages its exposure to changes in interest rates by optimizing the use of variable-rate and fixed-rate debt and by utilizing interest rate swaps in order to maintain its variable-to-total debt ratio within targeted guidelines. International operations, which accounted for approximately 32% of 2008 net sales, are concentrated principally in Australia, Canada, France and Germany. The company manages its foreign currency exposures by borrowing in various foreign currencies and utilizing cross-currency swaps and forward contracts. Swaps and forward contracts are entered into for periods consistent with related underlying exposures and do not constitute positions independent of those exposures. The company does not enter into contracts for speculative purposes and does not use leveraged instruments.
 
The company principally uses a combination of purchase orders and various short- and long-term supply arrangements in connection with the purchase of raw materials, including certain commodities and agricultural products. The company also enters into commodity futures contracts, as considered appropriate, to reduce the volatility of price fluctuations for commodities such as soybean oil, wheat, soybean meal, corn, cocoa and natural gas.
 
The information below summarizes the company’s market risks associated with debt obligations and other significant financial instruments as of August 3, 2008. Fair values included herein have been determined based on quoted market prices or pricing models using current market rates. The information presented below should be read in conjunction with Notes 11 and 12 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.


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The table below presents principal cash flows and related interest rates by fiscal year of maturity for debt obligations. Interest rates disclosed on variable-rate debt maturing in 2009 represent the weighted-average rates at the period end. Notional amounts and related interest rates of interest rate swaps are presented by fiscal year of maturity. For the swaps, variable rates are the weighted-average forward rates for the term of each contract.
 
                                                                 
   
Expected Fiscal Year of Maturity
             
    2009     2010     2011     2012     2013     Thereafter     Total     Fair Value  
    (Millions)  
Debt
                                                               
Fixed Rate
  $ 303     $ 4     $ 701     $ 1     $ 400     $ 527     $ 1,936     $ 2,051  
Weighted-average interest rate
    5.87 %     5.21 %     6.75 %     5.71 %     5.00 %     6.15 %     6.08 %        
                                                                 
Variable rate
  $ 679 (1)                                           $ 679     $ 679  
Weighted-average interest rate
    2.38 %                                             2.38 %        
Interest Rate Swaps
                                                               
Fixed to variable
  $ 175 (2)                           $ 300 (3)   $ 200 (4)   $ 675     $ 14  
Average pay rate
    4.31 %                             4.49 %     4.42 %     4.42 %        
Average receive rate
    5.88 %                             5.00 %     4.88 %     5.19 %        
                                                                 
Variable to fixed
  $ 200 (5)                                           $ 200     $ 1  
Average pay rate
    4.90 %                                             4.90 %        
Average receive rate
    5.05 %                                             5.05 %        
 
 
(1) Represents $661 million of USD borrowing and $18 million equivalent of borrowings in other currencies.
 
(2) Hedges $175 million of 5.875% notes due in 2009.
 
(3) Hedges $300 million of 5.00% notes due in 2013.
 
(4) Hedges $200 million of 4.875% notes due in 2014.
 
(5) The company has entered into forward starting interest rate swap agreements that have the effect of fixing the underlying interest rate on up to $200 million of an anticipated debt issuance in fiscal 2009.
 
As of July 29, 2007, fixed-rate debt of approximately $1.9 billion with an average interest rate of 6.17% and variable-rate debt of approximately $756 million with an average interest rate of 6.40% were outstanding. As of July 29, 2007, the company had swapped $675 million of fixed-rate debt to variable. The average rate to be received on these swaps was 5.17% and the average rate paid was estimated to be 5.88% over the remaining life of the swaps. As of July 29, 2007, the company had also swapped $85 million of variable-rate debt to fixed. The average rate estimated to be received on these swaps was 7.15% and the average rate to be paid was 6.73%.
 
The company is exposed to foreign exchange risk related to its international operations, including non-functional currency intercompany debt and net investments in subsidiaries.


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The table below summarizes the cross-currency swaps outstanding as of August 3, 2008, which hedge such exposures. The notional amount of each currency and the related weighted-average forward interest rate are presented in the Cross-Currency Swaps table.
 
Cross-Currency Swaps
 
                                 
          Interest
    Notional
    Fair
 
    Expiration     Rate     Value     Value  
    (Millions)  
 
Pay fixed CAD
    2009       5.13 %   $ 60     $ (22 )
Receive fixed USD
            4.22 %                
 
 
Pay variable EUR
    2009       5.26 %   $ 69     $ (11 )
Receive variable USD
            3.15 %                
 
 
Pay variable CAD
    2009       5.03 %   $ 38     $ (3 )
Receive variable USD
            4.75 %                
 
 
Pay fixed SEK
    2010       4.53 %   $ 32     $ (7 )
Receive fixed USD
            4.29 %                
 
 
Pay variable EUR
    2010       5.13 %   $ 20     $ (4 )
Receive variable USD
            3.53 %                
 
 
Pay variable AUD
    2010       7.51 %   $ 123     $ (17 )
Receive variable USD
            3.61 %                
 
 
Pay variable AUD
    2010       7.51 %   $ 126     $ (14 )
Receive variable USD
            3.63 %                
 
 
Pay variable EUR
    2011       5.82 %   $ 69     $ 1  
Receive variable USD
            4.65 %                
 
 
Pay fixed EUR
    2012       4.33 %   $ 102     $ (12 )
Receive fixed USD
            5.11 %                
 
 
Pay fixed CAD
    2014       6.24 %   $ 60     $ (28 )
Receive fixed USD
            5.66 %                
 
 
Total
                  $ 699     $ (117 )
                                 
 
The cross-currency swap contracts outstanding at July 29, 2007 represented one pay fixed SEK/receive fixed USD swap with a notional value of $32 million, one pay variable SEK/receive variable USD swap with a notional value of $9 million, two pay fixed CAD/receive fixed USD swaps with notional values totaling $120 million, one pay variable CAD/receive variable USD swap with a notional value of $38 million, two pay fixed EUR/receive fixed USD swaps with notional values totaling $171 million and two pay variable EUR/receive variable USD swaps with notional values totaling $171 million. The aggregate notional value of these swap contracts was $541 million as of July 29, 2007, and the aggregate fair value of these swap contracts was a loss of $62 million as of July 29, 2007.
 
The company is also exposed to foreign exchange risk as a result of transactions in currencies other than the functional currency of certain subsidiaries, including subsidiary debt. The company utilizes foreign exchange forward purchase and sale contracts to hedge these exposures. The table below summarizes the foreign exchange forward contracts outstanding and the related weighted-average contract exchange rates as of August 3, 2008.


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    Contract
    Average Contractual
 
    Amount     Exchange Rate  
    (Millions)  
 
Receive USD/Pay EUR
  $ 47       0.67  
Receive AUD/Pay USD
  $ 45       0.96  
Receive USD/Pay CAD
  $ 41       1.01  
Receive AUD/Pay NZD
  $ 13       1.15  
Receive GBP/Pay AUD
  $ 12       2.13  
Receive EUR/Pay USD
  $ 12       1.56  
Receive CAD/Pay USD
  $ 10       0.98  
 
The company had an additional $10 million in a number of smaller contracts to purchase or sell various other currencies, such as the Australian dollar, euro, British pound, Japanese yen, and Swedish krona, as of August 3, 2008. The aggregate fair value of all contracts was a gain of $1 million as of August 3, 2008. The total forward exchange contracts outstanding as of July 29, 2007 were $228 million with a fair value of a loss of $4 million.
 
The company principally uses a combination of purchase orders and various short- and long-term supply arrangements in connection with the purchase of raw materials, including certain commodities and agricultural products. The company also enters into commodity futures and options contracts, as considered appropriate, to reduce the volatility of price fluctuations for commodities. The notional value of these contracts was $146 million and the aggregate fair value of these contracts was a loss of $3 million as of August 3, 2008.
 
The company had swap contracts outstanding as of August 3, 2008, which hedge a portion of exposures relating to certain deferred compensation obligations linked to the total return of the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index, the total return of the company’s capital stock and the total return of the Puritan Fund. Under these contracts, the company pays variable interest rates and receives from the counterparty either the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index total return, the Puritan Fund total return, or the total return on company capital stock. The notional value of the contract that is linked to the return on the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index was $16 million at August 3, 2008 and $22 million at July 29, 2007. The average interest rate applicable to the contract, which expires in 2009, was 3.19% at August 3, 2008. The notional value of the contract that is linked to the return on the Puritan Fund was $9 million at August 3, 2008 and $13 million at July 29, 2007. The average interest rate applicable to the contract, which expires in 2009, was 3.59% at August 3, 2008. The notional value of the contract that is linked to the total return on company capital stock was $31 million at August 3, 2008 and $29 million at July 29, 2007. The average interest rate applicable to this contract, which expires in 2009, was 3.39% at August 3, 2008. The fair value of these contracts was a $1 million gain at August 3, 2008 and a $2 million loss at July 29, 2007.
 
The company’s utilization of financial instruments in managing market risk exposures described above is consistent with the prior year. Changes in the portfolio of financial instruments are a function of the results of operations, debt repayment and debt issuances, market effects on debt and foreign currency, and the company’s acquisition and divestiture activities.
 
Significant Accounting Estimates
 
The consolidated financial statements of the company are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires the use of estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the periods presented. Actual results could differ from those estimates and assumptions. See Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of significant accounting policies. The following areas all require the use of subjective or complex judgments, estimates and assumptions:
 
Trade and consumer promotion programs — The company offers various sales incentive programs to customers and consumers, such as cooperative advertising programs, feature price discounts, in-store display incentives and coupons. The recognition of the costs for these programs, which are classified as a reduction of revenue, involves use of judgment related to performance and redemption estimates. Estimates are made based on


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historical experience and other factors. Actual expenses may differ if the level of redemption rates and performance vary from estimates.
 
Valuation of long-lived assets — Long-lived assets, including fixed assets and intangibles, are reviewed for impairment as events or changes in circumstances occur indicating that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. Discounted cash flow analyses are used to assess nonamortizable intangible asset impairment, while undiscounted cash flow analyses are used to assess other long-lived asset impairment. The estimates of future cash flows involve considerable management judgment and are based upon assumptions about expected future operating performance. Assumptions used in these forecasts are consistent with internal planning. The actual cash flows could differ from management’s estimates due to changes in business conditions, operating performance, and economic conditions.
 
Pension and postretirement benefits — The company provides certain pension and postretirement benefits to employees and retirees. Determining the cost associated with such benefits is dependent on various actuarial assumptions, including discount rates, expected return on plan assets, compensation increases, turnover rates and health care trend rates. Independent actuaries, in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, perform the required calculations to determine expense. Actual results that differ from the actuarial assumptions are generally accumulated and amortized over future periods.
 
The discount rate is established as of the company’s fiscal year-end measurement date. In establishing the discount rate, the company reviews published market indices of high-quality debt securities, adjusted as appropriate for duration. In addition, independent actuaries apply high-quality bond yield curves to the expected benefit payments of the plans. The expected return on plan assets is a long-term assumption based upon historical experience and expected future performance, considering the company’s current and projected investment mix. This estimate is based on an estimate of future inflation, long-term projected real returns for each asset class, and a premium for active management. Within any given fiscal period, significant differences may arise between the actual return and the expected return on plan assets. The value of plan assets, used in the calculation of pension expense, is determined on a calculated method that recognizes 20% of the difference between the actual fair value of assets and the expected calculated method. Gains and losses resulting from differences between actual experience and the assumptions are determined at each measurement date. If the net gain or loss exceeds 10% of the greater of plan assets or liabilities, a portion is amortized into earnings in the following year.
 
Net periodic pension and postretirement expense was $54 million in 2008, $57 million in 2007 and $77 million in 2006. The 2008 expense included $2 million of special termination benefits and curtailment costs related to the Godiva divestiture, which was recorded in discontinued operations. The 2008 expense also included $4 million of special termination and curtailment costs related to the restructuring initiatives. Significant weighted-average assumptions as of the end of the year are as follows:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Pension
                       
Discount rate for benefit obligations
    6.87 %     6.40 %     6.15 %
Expected return on plan assets
    8.60 %     8.79 %     8.81 %
Postretirement
                       
Discount rate for obligations
    7.00 %     6.50 %     6.25 %
Initial health care trend rate
    9.00 %     9.00 %     9.00 %
Ultimate health care trend rate
    4.50 %     4.50 %     4.50 %
 
Estimated sensitivities to annual net periodic pension cost are as follows: a 50 basis point reduction in the discount rate would increase expense by approximately $11 million; a 50 basis point reduction in the estimated return on assets assumption would increase expense by approximately $10 million. A one percentage point increase in assumed health care costs would increase postretirement service and interest cost by approximately $1 million.
 
Although there were no mandatory funding requirements to the U.S. plans in 2008, 2007 and 2006, the company made voluntary contributions of $70 million in 2008, $22 million in 2007 and $35 million in 2006 to a U.S. plan based on expected future funding requirements. Contributions to international plans were $8 million in


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2008, $10 million in 2007 and $17 million in 2006. The company does not expect to make any contributions to the U.S. plans in 2009. Contributions to non-U.S. plans are expected to be approximately $9 million in 2009.
 
As of July 29, 2007, the company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 158 “Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans, an amendment of FASB Statements No. 87, 88, 106 and 132(R).” SFAS No. 158 requires an employer to recognize the funded status of defined benefit postretirement plans as an asset or liability on the balance sheet and requires any unrecognized prior service cost and actuarial gains/losses to be recognized in other comprehensive income.
 
See also Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on pension and postretirement expenses.
 
Income taxes — The effective tax rate reflects statutory tax rates, tax planning opportunities available in the various jurisdictions in which the company operates and management’s estimate of the ultimate outcome of various tax audits and issues. Significant judgment is required in determining the effective tax rate and in evaluating tax positions. Income taxes are recorded based on amounts refundable or payable in the current year and include the effect of deferred taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future impact of differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases, as well as for operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Valuation allowances are established for deferred tax assets when it is more likely than not that a tax benefit will not be realized.
 
In 2008, the tax reserves are established in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Interpretation No. (FIN) 48 “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes — an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109,” which was adopted at the beginning of fiscal 2008. Upon adoption, the company recognized a cumulative-effect adjustment of $6 million as an increase in the liability for unrecognized tax benefits, including interest and penalties, and a reduction in retained earnings. Prior to the adoption of FIN 48, tax reserves were established to reflect the probable outcome of known tax contingencies. As of August 3, 2008, the liability for unrecognized tax benefits, including interest and penalties, was $61 million.
 
See also Notes 1 and 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion on income taxes.
 
 
In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157 “Fair Value Measurements,” which provides guidance for using fair value to measure assets and liabilities. SFAS No. 157 establishes a definition of fair value, provides a framework for measuring fair value and expands the disclosure requirements about fair value measurements. SFAS No. 157 as issued is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007. Early adoption is permitted. On February 12, 2008, FASB Staff Position No. FAS 157-2 was issued which delays the effective date to fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008 for certain nonfinancial assets and liabilities. The company is currently evaluating the impact of SFAS No. 157.
 
In February 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 159 “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Liabilities — Including an amendment of FASB Statement No. 115.” SFAS No. 159 allows companies to choose, at specific election dates, to measure eligible financial assets and liabilities at fair value that are not otherwise required to be measured at fair value. If a company elects the fair value option for an eligible item, changes in that item’s fair value in subsequent reporting periods must be recognized in current earnings. SFAS No. 159 is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007. The company is currently evaluating the impact of SFAS No. 159.
 
In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 141 (revised 2007) “Business Combinations,” which establishes the principles and requirements for how an acquirer recognizes the assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date. This Statement applies to business combinations for which the acquisition date is after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is not permitted. The company is currently evaluating the impact of SFAS No. 141 as revised.


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In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160 “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements — an Amendment of ARB No. 51.” SFAS No. 160 establishes accounting and reporting standards for the noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary and for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary. It clarifies that a noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary is an ownership interest in the consolidated entity that should be recorded as equity in the consolidated financial statements. This Statement also requires that consolidated net income shall be adjusted to include the net income attributed to the noncontrolling interest. Disclosure on the face of the income statement of the amounts of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest is required. SFAS No. 160 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is not permitted. The company is currently evaluating the impact of SFAS No. 160.
 
In March 2008, the FASB issued SFAS No. 161 “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities — an amendment of FASB Statement No. 133,” which enhances the disclosure requirements for derivative instruments and hedging activities. Entities are required to provide enhanced disclosures about (a) the location and amounts of derivative instruments in an entity’s financial statements, (b) how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for under Statement 133 and its related interpretations, and (c) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entity’s financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. The guidance in SFAS No. 161 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after November 15, 2008, with early application encouraged. This Statement encourages, but does not require, comparative disclosures for earlier periods at initial adoption. The company is currently evaluating the impact of SFAS No. 161.
 
In May 2008, the FASB issued SFAS No. 162 “The Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.” SFAS No. 162 identifies the sources of accounting principles and the framework for selecting the principles to be used in the preparation of financial statements of nongovernmental entities that are presented in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in the United States (the GAAP hierarchy). This Statement is effective 60 days following the SEC’s approval of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board amendments to AU Section 411, The Meaning of Present Fairly in Conformity With Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. The company is currently evaluating the impact of SFAS No. 162.
 
 
This Report contains “forward-looking” statements that reflect the company’s current expectations regarding future results of operations, economic performance, financial condition and achievements of the company. The company tries, wherever possible, to identify these forward-looking statements by using words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “will” and similar expressions. One can also identify them by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. These statements reflect the company’s current plans and expectations and are based on information currently available to it. They rely on a number of assumptions regarding future events and estimates which could be inaccurate and which are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties.
 
The company wishes to caution the reader that the following important factors and those important factors described in Part 1, Item 1A and elsewhere in the commentary, or in the Securities and Exchange Commission filings of the company, could affect the company’s actual results and could cause such results to vary materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made by, or on behalf of, the company:
 
  •  the impact of strong competitive response to the company’s efforts to leverage its brand power with product innovation, promotional programs and new advertising, and of changes in consumer demand for the company’s products;
 
  •  the risks in the marketplace associated with trade and consumer acceptance of product improvements, shelving initiatives and new product introductions;
 
  •  the company’s ability to achieve sales and earnings guidance, which are based on assumptions about sales volume, product mix, the development and success of new products, the impact of marketing and pricing actions and product costs;


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  •  the company’s ability to realize projected cost savings and benefits, including those contemplated by restructuring programs and other cost-savings initiatives;
 
  •  the company’s ability to successfully manage changes to its business processes, including selling, distribution, product capacity, information management systems and the integration of acquisitions;
 
  •  the increased significance of certain of the company’s key trade customers;
 
  •  the impact of fluctuations in the supply and inflation in energy, raw and packaging materials cost;
 
  •  the risks associated with portfolio changes and completion of acquisitions and divestitures;
 
  •  the uncertainties of litigation described from time to time in the company’s Securities and Exchange Commission filings;
 
  •  the impact of changes in currency exchange rates, tax rates, interest rates, debt and equity markets, inflation rates, economic conditions and other external factors; and
 
  •  the impact of unforeseen business disruptions in one or more of the company’s markets due to political instability, civil disobedience, armed hostilities, natural disasters or other calamities.
 
This discussion of uncertainties is by no means exhaustive but is designed to highlight important factors that may impact the company’s outlook. The company disclaims any obligation or intent to update forward-looking statements made by the company in order to reflect new information, events or circumstances after the date they are made.
 
Item 7A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
The information presented in the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition — Market Risk Sensitivity” is incorporated herein by reference.


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Item 8.   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
Consolidated Statements of Earnings
 
                         
    2008
    2007
    2006
 
    53 Weeks     52 Weeks     52 Weeks  
    (Millions, except per share amounts)  
 
Net Sales
  $ 7,998     $ 7,385     $ 6,894  
                         
Costs and expenses
                       
Cost of products sold
    4,827       4,384       4,100  
Marketing and selling expenses
    1,162       1,106       1,033  
Administrative expenses
    608       571       552  
Research and development expenses
    115       111       103  
Other expenses/(income) (Note 15)
    13       (30 )     9  
Restructuring charges (Note 7)
    175              
                         
Total costs and expenses
    6,900       6,142       5,797  
                         
Earnings Before Interest and Taxes
    1,098       1,243       1,097  
Interest expense (Note 15)
    167       163       165  
Interest income
    8       19       15  
                         
Earnings before taxes
    939       1,099       947  
Taxes on earnings (Note 10)
    268       307       227  
                         
Earnings from continuing operations
    671       792       720  
Earnings from discontinued operations
    494       62       46  
                         
Net Earnings
  $ 1,165     $ 854     $ 766  
                         
Per Share — Basic
                       
Earnings from continuing operations
  $ 1.80     $ 2.05     $ 1.77  
Earnings from discontinued operations
    1.32       .16       .11  
                         
Net Earnings
  $ 3.12     $ 2.21     $ 1.88  
                         
Weighted average shares outstanding — basic
    373       386       407  
                         
Per Share — Assuming Dilution
                       
Earnings from continuing operations
  $ 1.76     $ 2.00     $ 1.74  
Earnings from discontinued operations
    1.30       .16       .11  
                         
Net Earnings
  $ 3.06     $ 2.16     $ 1.85  
                         
Weighted average shares outstanding — assuming dilution
    381       396       414  
                         
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


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Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
                 
    August 3,
    July 29,
 
    2008     2007  
    (Millions, except per share amounts)  
 
Current Assets
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 81     $ 71  
Accounts receivable (Note 15)
    570       581  
Inventories (Note 15)
    829       775  
Other current assets (Note 15)
    172       151  
Current assets held for sale
    41        
                 
Total current assets
    1,693       1,578  
                 
Plant Assets, Net of Depreciation (Note 15)
    1,939       2,042  
Goodwill (Note 5)
    1,998       1,872  
Other Intangible Assets, Net of Amortization (Note 5)
    605       615  
Other Assets (Note 15)
    211       338  
Non-current Assets Held for Sale
    28        
                 
Total assets
  $ 6,474     $ 6,445  
                 
Current Liabilities
               
Notes payable (Note 11)
  $ 982     $ 595  
Payable to suppliers and others
    655       694  
Accrued liabilities (Note 15)
    655       622  
Dividend payable
    81       77  
Accrued income taxes
    9       42  
Current liabilities held for sale
    21        
                 
Total current liabilities
    2,403       2,030  
                 
Long-term Debt (Note 11)
    1,633       2,074  
Other Liabilities (Note 15)
    1,119       1,046  
Non-current Liabilities Held for Sale
    1        
                 
Total liabilities
    5,156       5,150  
                 
Shareowners’ Equity (Note 13)
               
Preferred stock; authorized 40 shares; none issued
           
Capital stock, $.0375 par value; authorized 560 shares; issued 542 shares
    20       20  
Additional paid-in capital
    337       331  
Earnings retained in the business
    7,909       7,082  
Capital stock in treasury, 186 shares in 2008 and 163 shares in 2007, at cost
    (6,812 )     (6,015 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (136 )     (123 )
                 
Total shareowners’ equity
    1,318       1,295  
                 
Total liabilities and shareowners’ equity
  $ 6,474     $ 6,445  
                 
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


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Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
    (Millions)  
 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
                       
Net earnings
  $ 1,165     $ 854     $ 766  
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to operating cash flow
                       
Change in accounting method (Note 1)
                (8 )
Restructuring charges (Note 7)
    175              
Stock-based compensation
    88       83       85  
Resolution of tax matters (Note 10)
    (13 )     (25 )     (60 )
Reversal of legal reserves
          (20 )      
Depreciation and amortization
    294       283       289  
Deferred taxes
    29       10       29  
Gain on sale of businesses (Note 3)
    (698 )     (42 )      
Gain on sale of facility
          (23 )      
Other, net (Note 15)
    59       61       82  
Changes in working capital
                       
Accounts receivable
    (53 )     (68 )     (18 )
Inventories
    (91 )     (29 )     (2 )
Prepaid assets
    (22 )     (3 )      
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
    23       (128 )     168  
Pension fund contributions
    (78 )     (32 )     (52 )
Payments for hedging activities
    (65 )     (186 )     (9 )
Other (Note 15)
    (47 )     (61 )     (44 )
                         
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
    766       674       1,226  
                         
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
                       
Purchases of plant assets
    (298 )     (334 )     (309 )
Sales of plant assets
    3       23       2  
Businesses acquired (Note 8)
    (9 )            
Sales of businesses, net of cash divested (Note 3)
    828       906        
Other, net
    7       8       13  
                         
Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Investing Activities
    531       603       (294 )
                         
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
                       
Long-term borrowings (repayments)
    (181 )     (62 )     202  
Repayments of notes payable
          (600 )      
Net short-term borrowings
    58       57       31  
Dividends paid
    (329 )     (308 )     (292 )
Treasury stock purchases
    (903 )     (1,140 )     (506 )
Treasury stock issuances
    47       165       236  
Excess tax benefits on stock-based compensation
    8       25       11  
                         
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities
    (1,300 )     (1,863 )     (318 )
                         
Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash
    13             3  
                         
Net Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents
    10       (586 )     617  
Cash and Cash Equivalents — Beginning of Period
    71       657       40  
                         
Cash and Cash Equivalents — End of Period
  $ 81     $ 71     $ 657  
                         
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


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Consolidated Statements of Shareowners’ Equity
 
                                                                 
                                  Earnings
    Accumulated
       
    Capital Stock     Additional
    Retained
    Other
    Total
 
    Issued     In Treasury     Paid-in
    in the
    Comprehensive
    Shareowners’
 
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Capital     Business     Income (Loss)     Equity  
    (Millions, except per share amounts)  
 
Balance at July 31, 2005
    542     $ 20       (134 )   $ (4,832 )   $ 236     $ 6,069     $ (223 )   $ 1,270  
                                                                 
Comprehensive income
                                                               
Net earnings
                                            766               766  
Foreign currency translation adjustments
                                                    51       51  
Cash-flow hedges, net of tax
                                                    5       5  
Minimum pension liability, net of tax
                                                    171       171  
                                                                 
Other comprehensive income
                                                    227       227  
                                                                 
Total Comprehensive income
                                                            993  
                                                                 
Dividends ($.72 per share)
                                            (296 )             (296 )
Treasury stock purchased
                    (15 )     (506 )                             (506 )
Treasury stock issued under management incentive and stock option plans
                    9       191       116                       307  
                                                                 
Balance at July 30, 2006
    542       20       (140 )     (5,147 )     352       6,539       4       1,768  
                                                                 
Comprehensive income
                                                               
Net earnings
                                            854               854  
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax
                                                    43       43  
Cash-flow hedges, net of tax
                                                    9       9  
Minimum pension liability, net of tax
                                                    51       51  
                                                                 
Other comprehensive income
                                                    103       103  
                                                                 
Total Comprehensive income
                                                            957  
                                                                 
Impact of adoption of SFAS No. 158, net of tax (Note 9)
                                                    (230 )     (230 )
Dividends ($.80 per share)
                                            (311 )             (311 )
Treasury stock purchased
                    (30 )     (1,098 )     (42 )                     (1,140 )
Treasury stock issued under management incentive and stock option plans
                    7       230       21                       251  
                                                                 
Balance at July 29, 2007
    542       20       (163 )     (6,015 )     331       7,082       (123 )     1,295  
                                                                 
Comprehensive income (loss)
                                                               
Net earnings
                                            1,165               1,165  
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax
                                                    112       112  
Cash-flow hedges, net of tax
                                                    11       11  
Pension and postretirement benefits, net of tax
                                                    (136 )     (136 )
                                                                 
Other comprehensive loss
                                                    (13 )     (13 )
                                                                 
Total Comprehensive income
                                                            1,152  
                                                                 
Impact of adoption of FIN 48 (Note 10)
                                            (6 )             (6 )
Dividends ($.88 per share)
                                            (332 )             (332 )
Treasury stock purchased
                    (26 )     (903 )                             (903 )
Treasury stock issued under management incentive and stock option plans
                    3       106       6                       112  
                                                                 
Balance at August 3, 2008
    542     $ 20       (186 )   $ (6,812 )   $ 337     $ 7,909     $ (136 )   $ 1,318  
                                                                 
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
 
1.   Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation — The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the company and its majority-owned subsidiaries. Intercompany transactions are eliminated in consolidation. Certain amounts in prior year financial statements were reclassified to conform to the current-year presentation. The company’s fiscal year ends on the Sunday nearest July 31. There were 53 weeks in 2008 and 52 weeks in 2007 and 2006. There will be 52 weeks in 2009.
 
On March 18, 2008, the company completed the sale of its Godiva Chocolatier business for $850, pursuant to a Sale and Purchase Agreement dated December 20, 2007. The company has reflected the results of this business as discontinued operations in the consolidated statements of earnings for all years presented. See Note 3 for additional information on the sale.
 
On August 15, 2006, the company completed the sale of its United Kingdom and Ireland businesses for £460, or approximately $870, pursuant to a Sale and Purchase Agreement dated July 12, 2006. The company has reflected the results of these businesses as discontinued operations in the consolidated statements of earnings for all years presented. See Note 3 for additional information on the sale.
 
Revenue Recognition — Revenues are recognized when the earnings process is complete. This occurs when products are shipped in accordance with terms of agreements, title and risk of loss transfer to customers, collection is probable and pricing is fixed or determinable. Revenues are recognized net of provisions for returns, discounts and allowances. Certain sales promotion expenses, such as coupon redemption costs, cooperative advertising programs, new product introduction fees, feature price discounts and in-store display incentives are classified as a reduction of sales.
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents — All highly liquid debt instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less are classified as cash equivalents.
 
Inventories — All inventories are valued at the lower of average cost or market. Prior to 2006, substantially all U.S. inventories were valued based on the last in, first out (LIFO) method. As of August 1, 2005, the company changed the method of accounting for certain U.S. inventories from the LIFO method to the average cost method. The company believes the average cost method of accounting for inventories is preferable and improves financial reporting by better matching revenues and expenses as average cost reflects the physical flow of inventory and current cost. The impact of the change was a pre-tax $13 benefit ($8 after tax or $.02 per share). Prior periods were not restated since the impact of the change on previously issued financial statements was not considered material.
 
Property, Plant and Equipment — Property, plant and equipment are recorded at historical cost and are depreciated over estimated useful lives using the straight-line method. Buildings and machinery and equipment are depreciated over periods not exceeding 45 years and 15 years, respectively. Assets are evaluated for impairment when conditions indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Such conditions include significant adverse changes in business climate or a plan of disposal.
 
Goodwill and Intangible Assets — Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are not amortized but rather are tested at least annually for impairment in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 142 “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.” Intangible assets with finite lives are amortized over the estimated useful life and reviewed for impairment in accordance with SFAS No. 144 “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-lived Assets.” Goodwill impairment testing first requires a comparison of the fair value of each reporting unit to the carrying value. If the carrying value exceeds fair value, goodwill is considered impaired. The amount of impairment is the difference between the carrying value of goodwill and the “implied” fair value, which is calculated as if the reporting unit had just been acquired and accounted for as a business combination. Impairment testing for indefinite-lived intangible assets requires a comparison between the fair value and carrying value of the asset. If carrying value exceeds the fair value, the asset is reduced to fair value. Fair values are primarily determined using discounted cash flow analyses. See Note 5 for information on goodwill and other intangible assets.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Derivative Financial Instruments — The company uses derivative financial instruments primarily for purposes of hedging exposures to fluctuations in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, commodities and equity-linked employee benefit obligations. All derivatives are recognized on the balance sheet at fair value. Changes in the fair value of derivatives are recorded in earnings or other comprehensive income, based on whether the instrument is designated as part of a hedge transaction and, if so, the type of hedge transaction. Gains or losses on derivative instruments reported in other comprehensive income are reclassified to earnings in the period in which earnings are affected by the underlying hedged item. The ineffective portion of all hedges is recognized in earnings in the current period. See Note 12 for additional information.
 
Stock-Based Compensation — In December 2004, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued SFAS No. 123 (revised 2004) “Share-Based Payment” (SFAS No. 123R), which requires stock-based compensation to be measured based on the grant-date fair value of the awards and the cost to be recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award. The company adopted the provisions of SFAS No. 123R as of August 1, 2005. The company provides compensation benefits by issuing unrestricted stock, restricted stock (including EPS performance restricted stock and total shareowner return (TSR) performance restricted stock) and restricted stock units. In previous fiscal years, the company also issued stock options and stock appreciation rights to provide compensation benefits.
 
Prior to August 1, 2005, the company accounted for stock-based compensation in accordance with Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25 “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees” and related Interpretations. Accordingly, no compensation expense had been recognized for stock options since all options granted had an exercise price equal to the market value of the underlying stock on the grant date. SFAS No. 123R was adopted using the modified prospective transition method. Under this method, the provisions of SFAS No. 123R apply to all awards granted or modified after the date of adoption. In addition, compensation expense must be recognized for any unvested stock option awards outstanding as of the date of adoption.
 
Total pre-tax stock-based compensation recognized in Earnings from continuing operations was $83 for 2008 and $79 for 2007 and 2006. Tax related benefits of $31 were recognized for 2008 and $29 were recognized for 2007 and 2006. Stock-based compensation associated with discontinued operations was $3, $2 and $4 after-tax in 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively. See also Note 13.
 
Use of Estimates — Generally accepted accounting principles require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect assets and liabilities, contingent assets and liabilities, and revenues and expenses. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 
Income Taxes — Income taxes are accounted for in accordance with SFAS No. 109 “Accounting for Income Taxes.” Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future impact of differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases, as well as for operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Valuation allowances are recorded to reduce deferred tax assets when it is more likely than not that a tax benefit will not be realized.
 
In June 2006, the FASB issued Interpretation No. 48 (FIN 48) “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes — an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109.” FIN 48 clarifies the criteria that must be met for financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. This Interpretation also addresses derecognition, recognition of related penalties and interest, classification of liabilities and disclosures of unrecognized tax benefits. FIN 48 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006. The company adopted FIN 48 as of July 30, 2007 (the beginning of fiscal 2008). See Note 10 for additional information.
 
In October 2004, the American Jobs Creation Act (the AJCA) was signed into law. The AJCA provides for a deduction of 85% of certain non-U.S. earnings that are repatriated, as defined by the AJCA, and a phased-in tax deduction related to profits from domestic manufacturing activities. In December 2004, the FASB issued FASB


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Staff Position FAS 109-1 and 109-2 to address the accounting and disclosure requirements related to the AJCA. The total amount repatriated in 2006 under the AJCA was $494 and the related tax cost was $20. In 2005, the company recorded $7 in tax expense for $200 of anticipated earnings to be repatriated. In 2006, the company finalized its plan under the AJCA and recorded tax expense of $13 for $294 of earnings repatriated.
 
2.   Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157 “Fair Value Measurements,” which provides guidance for using fair value to measure assets and liabilities. SFAS No. 157 establishes a definition of fair value, provides a framework for measuring fair value and expands the disclosure requirements about fair value measurements. SFAS No. 157 as issued is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007. Early adoption is permitted. On February 12, 2008, FASB Staff Position No. FAS 157-2 was issued which delays the effective date to fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008 for certain nonfinancial assets and liabilities. The company is currently evaluating the impact of SFAS No. 157.
 
In February 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 159 “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Liabilities — Including an amendment of FASB Statement No. 115.” SFAS No. 159 allows companies to choose, at specific election dates, to measure eligible financial assets and liabilities at fair value that are not otherwise required to be measured at fair value. If a company elects the fair value option for an eligible item, changes in that item’s fair value in subsequent reporting periods must be recognized in current earnings. SFAS No. 159 is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007. The company is currently evaluating the impact of SFAS No. 159.
 
In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 141 (revised 2007) “Business Combinations,” which establishes the principles and requirements for how an acquirer recognizes the assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date. This Statement applies to business combinations for which the acquisition date is after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is not permitted. The company is currently evaluating the impact of SFAS No. 141 as revised.
 
In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160 “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements — an Amendment of ARB No. 51.” SFAS No. 160 establishes accounting and reporting standards for the noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary and for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary. It clarifies that a noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary is an ownership interest in the consolidated entity that should be recorded as equity in the consolidated financial statements. This Statement also requires that consolidated net income shall be adjusted to include the net income attributed to the noncontrolling interest. Disclosure on the face of the income statement of the amounts of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest is required. SFAS No. 160 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is not permitted. The company is currently evaluating the impact of SFAS No. 160.
 
In March 2008, the FASB issued SFAS No. 161 “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities — an amendment of FASB Statement No. 133,” which enhances the disclosure requirements for derivative instruments and hedging activities. Entities are required to provide enhanced disclosures about (a) the location and amounts of derivative instruments in an entity’s financial statements, (b) how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for under Statement 133 and its related interpretations, and (c) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entity’s financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. The guidance in SFAS No. 161 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after November 15, 2008, with early application encouraged. This Statement encourages, but does not require, comparative disclosures for earlier periods at initial adoption. The company is currently evaluating the impact of SFAS No. 161.
 
In May 2008, the FASB issued SFAS No. 162 “The Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.” SFAS No. 162 identifies the sources of accounting principles and the framework for selecting the principles to be used in the preparation of financial statements of nongovernmental entities that are presented in conformity with


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in the United States (the GAAP hierarchy). This Statement is effective 60 days following the SEC’s approval of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board amendments to AU Section 411, The Meaning of Present Fairly in Conformity With Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. The company is currently evaluating the impact of SFAS No. 162.
 
3.   Divestitures
 
Discontinued Operations
 
On March 18, 2008, the company completed the sale of its Godiva Chocolatier business for $850. The purchase price was subject to certain post-closing adjustments, which resulted in an additional $20 of proceeds. The company has reflected the results of this business as discontinued operations in the consolidated statements of earnings for all years presented. The business was historically included in Other for segment reporting purposes. The company used approximately $600 of the net proceeds to purchase company stock.
 
On August 15, 2006, the company completed the sale of its businesses in the United Kingdom and Ireland for £460, or approximately $870, pursuant to a Sale and Purchase Agreement dated July 12, 2006. The United Kingdom and Ireland businesses included Homepride sauces, OXO stock cubes, Batchelors soups and McDonnells and Erin soups. The Sale and Purchase Agreement provides for working capital and other post-closing adjustments. Additional proceeds of $19 were received from the finalization of the post-closing adjustment. The company has reflected the results of these businesses as discontinued operations in the consolidated statements of earnings for all years presented. The businesses were historically included in the International Soup, Sauces and Beverages segment.
 
Results of discontinued operations were as follows:
 
                                                         
    2008     2007     2006  
    Godiva     UK/Ireland     Godiva     Total     UK/Ireland     Godiva     Total  
 
Net sales
  $ 393     $ 16     $ 482     $ 498     $ 435     $ 449     $ 884  
                                                         
Earnings from operations before taxes
  $ 49     $     $ 50     $ 50     $ 90     $ 54     $ 144  
Taxes on earnings — operations
    (17 )     7       (19 )     (12 )     (18 )     (19 )     (37 )
Gain on sale
    698       39             39                    
Deferred tax expense/after-tax costs associated with sale
                            (61 )           (61 )
Tax impact of gain on sale
    (236 )     (15 )           (15 )                  
                                                         
Earnings from discontinued operations
  $ 494     $ 31     $ 31     $ 62     $ 11     $ 35     $ 46  
                                                         
 
The 2008 results included a $462 after-tax gain, or $1.21 per share, on the Godiva Chocolatier sale.
 
The 2007 results included a $24 after-tax gain, or $.06 per share, on the United Kingdom and Ireland sale. The 2007 results also included a $7 tax benefit from the favorable resolution of tax audits in the United Kingdom.
 
The 2006 results included deferred tax expense of $56, which was recognized in accordance with Emerging Issues Task Force Issue No. 93-17 “Recognition of Deferred Tax Assets for a Parent Company’s Excess Tax Basis in the Stock of a Subsidiary That is Accounted for as a Discontinued Operation” due to book/tax basis differences of these businesses as of July 30, 2006. The 2006 results also included $7 pre tax ($5 after tax) of costs associated with the sale, for a total net after-tax cost of $61 (or $.15 per share) recognized in connection with the sale in 2006.
 
The company used approximately $620 of the net proceeds from the sale of the United Kingdom and Ireland businesses to repurchase shares. Upon completion of the sale, the company paid $83 to settle cross-currency swap contracts and foreign exchange forward contracts which hedged exposures related to the businesses. The remaining net proceeds were used to pay taxes and expenses associated with the business and to repay debt.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Other Divestitures
 
In the third quarter of 2008, the company entered into an agreement to sell certain Australian salty snack food brands and assets. The transaction, which was completed on May 12, 2008, included the following salty snack brands: Cheezels, Thins, Tasty Jacks, French Fries, and Kettle Chips, certain other assets and the assumption of liabilities. Proceeds of the sale were nominal. The business had annual net sales of approximately $150. In connection with this transaction, the company recognized a pre-tax loss of $120 ($64 after tax or $.17 per share). This charge is included in the Restructuring charges on the Statements of Earnings. See also Note 7. The terms of the agreement require the company to provide a loan facility to the buyer of AUD $10, or approximately USD $9. The facility can be drawn down in AUD $5 increments, six months and nine months after the closing date. Any borrowings under the facility are to be repaid five years after the closing date. The company will also provide transition services for approximately one year.
 
In July 2008, the company entered into an agreement to sell its sauce and mayonnaise business comprised of products sold under the Lesieur brand in France. The company recorded a pre-tax impairment charge of $2 to adjust the net assets to estimated realizable value. The sale was completed on September 29, 2008. The business had annual net sales of approximately $70.
 
The assets and liabilities of this business were reflected as assets and liabilities held for sale in the consolidated balance sheet as of August 3, 2008 and are comprised of the following:
 
         
    2008  
Accounts receivable
  $ 32  
Inventories
    8  
Prepaids
    1  
         
Current assets
  $ 41  
         
Property, plant and equipment, net
  $ 13  
Goodwill and intangible assets
    15  
         
Non-current assets
  $ 28  
         
Accounts payable
  $ 18  
Accrued liabilities
    3  
         
Current liabilities
  $ 21  
         
Deferred income taxes
  $ 1  
         
Non-current liabilities
  $ 1  
         
 
In June 2007, the company completed the sale of its ownership interest in Papua New Guinea operations for approximately $23. The company recognized a $3 gain on the sale. This business was historically included in the Baking and Snacking segment and had annual sales of approximately $20.
 
The company has provided certain indemnifications in connection with the divestitures. As of August 3, 2008, known exposures related to such matters are not material.
 
4.   Comprehensive Income
 
Total comprehensive income is comprised of net earnings, net foreign currency translation adjustments, pension and postretirement benefit adjustments (see Note 9), and net unrealized gains and losses on cash-flow hedges (see Note 12). Accumulated other comprehensive loss at July 29, 2007 also includes the impact of adoption of SFAS No. 158 (See Note 9). Total comprehensive income for the twelve months ended August 3, 2008, July 29, 2007 and July 30, 2006 was $1,152, $957 and $993, respectively.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The components of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), as reflected in the Statements of Shareowners’ Equity, consisted of the following:
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax(1)
  $ 241     $ 129  
Cash-flow hedges, net of tax(2)
    5       (6 )
Unamortized pension and postretirement benefits, net of tax(3):
               
Net actuarial loss
    (376 )     (239 )
Prior service cost
    (6 )     (7 )
                 
Total Accumulated other comprehensive loss
  $ (136 )   $ (123 )
                 
 
 
(1) Includes a tax expense of $10 in 2008 and $5 in 2007. Foreign currency translation adjustments of divested businesses were $14 in 2008 and $38 in 2007.
 
(2) Includes a tax expense of $3 in 2008 and a tax benefit of $2 in 2007.
 
(3) Includes a tax benefit of $205 in 2008 and $135 in 2007.
 
5.   Goodwill and Intangible Assets
 
The following table sets forth balance sheet information for intangible assets, excluding goodwill, subject to amortization and intangible assets not subject to amortization:
 
                                 
    August 3, 2008     July 29, 2007  
    Carrying
    Accumulated
    Carrying
    Accumulated
 
    Amount     Amortization     Amount     Amortization  
 
Intangible assets subject to amortization:
                               
Other
  $ 12     $ (7 )   $ 16     $ (8 )
                                 
Intangible assets not subject to amortization:
                               
Trademarks
  $ 600             $ 607          
                                 
 
Amortization was less than $1 in 2008, 2007 and 2006. The estimated aggregated amortization expense for each of the five succeeding fiscal years is less than $1 per year. Asset useful lives range from ten to twenty years.
 
The company recognized an impairment loss of approximately $4 in 2008 related to the performance of certain trademarks used in the International Soup, Sauces and Beverages segment.
 
The company recognized an impairment loss of approximately $2 in 2006 due to the performance of an Australian trademark used in the Baking and Snacking segment.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Changes in the carrying amount for goodwill for the period are as follows:
 
                                         
    U.S.
          International
    Other/
       
    Soup, Sauces
    Baking and
    Soup, Sauces
    North America
       
    and Beverages     Snacking     and Beverages     Foodservice(1)     Total  
 
Balance at July 30, 2006
  $ 428     $ 617     $ 569     $ 151     $ 1,765  
Divestiture
          (3 )                 (3 )
Foreign currency translation adjustment
          69       41             110  
                                         
Balance at July 29, 2007
  $ 428     $ 683     $ 610     $ 151     $ 1,872  
                                         
Acquisition(2)
    6                         6  
Divestiture
                      (6 )     (6 )
Impairment(3)
                (2 )           (2 )
Reclassification to assets held for
sale(3)
                (8 )           (8 )
Foreign currency translation adjustment
          61       74       1       136  
                                         
Balance at August 3, 2008
  $ 434     $ 744     $ 674     $ 146     $ 1,998  
                                         
 
 
(1) As of July 29, 2007, the company managed and reported the results of operations in the following segments: U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages, Baking and Snacking, International Soup, Sauces and Beverages, and the balance of the portfolio in Other. Other included the Godiva Chocolatier worldwide business and the company’s Away From Home operations, which represent the distribution of products such as soup, specialty entrees, beverage products, other prepared foods and Pepperidge Farm products through various food service channels in the United States and Canada. In fiscal 2008, the Godiva Chocolatier business was sold. See Note 3 for additional information on the sale. Beginning with the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the Away From Home business was reported as North America Foodservice.
 
(2) In June 2008, the company acquired the Wolfgang Puck soup business from Country Gourmet Foods for approximately $10. See Note 8 for additional information.
 
(3) In July 2008, the company entered into an agreement to sell its sauce and mayonnaise business comprised of products sold under the Lesieur brand in France. The company recorded a pre-tax impairment charge of $2 to adjust the net assets to estimated net realizable value. The assets and liabilities of this business were reflected as assets and liabilities held for sale in the consolidated balance sheet as of August 3, 2008. The sale was completed on September 29, 2008.
 
6.   Business and Geographic Segment Information
 
Campbell Soup Company, together with its consolidated subsidiaries, is a global manufacturer and marketer of high-quality, branded convenience food products. Prior to the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the company managed and reported the results of operations in the following segments: U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages, Baking and Snacking, International Soup, Sauces and Beverages, and the balance of the portfolio in Other. Other included the Godiva Chocolatier worldwide business and the company’s Away From Home operations, which represent the distribution of products such as soup, specialty entrees, beverage products, other prepared foods and Pepperidge Farm products through various food service channels in the United States and Canada. As of the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the results of the Godiva Chocolatier business were reported as discontinued operations for the years presented due to the sale. See Note 3 for additional information on the sale. Beginning with the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the Away From Home business was reported as North America Foodservice.
 
In connection with the sale of the Godiva Chocolatier business, the company modified the allocation methodology of certain corporate expenses to the remaining segments. In addition, following the recent distribution


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
agreement with The Coca-Cola Company and Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc., sales and earnings from certain beverage products historically included in North America Foodservice segment are now reported in U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages and International Soup, Sauces and Beverages. Segment results of prior periods have been adjusted to conform to the current presentation.
 
The U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages segment includes the following retail businesses: Campbell’s condensed and ready-to-serve soups; Swanson broth and canned poultry; Prego pasta sauce; Pace Mexican sauce; Campbell’s Chunky chili; Campbell’s canned pasta, gravies, and beans; Campbell’s Supper Bakes meal kits; V8 juice and juice drinks; and Campbell’s tomato juice.
 
The Baking and Snacking segment includes the following businesses: Pepperidge Farm cookies, crackers, bakery and frozen products in U.S. retail; Arnott’s biscuits in Australia and Asia Pacific; and Arnott’s salty snacks in Australia. In May 2008, the company sold certain salty snack food brands and assets in Australia, which historically were included in this segment. In June 2007, the company sold its ownership interest in Papua New Guinea operations, which historically were included in this segment.
 
The International Soup, Sauces and Beverages segment includes the soup, sauce and beverage businesses outside of the United States, including Europe, Mexico, Latin America, the Asia Pacific region and the retail business in Canada. See also Note 3 for information on the sale of the businesses in the United Kingdom and Ireland. These businesses were historically included in this segment. The results of operations of these businesses have been reflected as discontinued operations for all years presented.
 
Accounting policies for measuring segment assets and earnings before interest and taxes are substantially consistent with those described in Note 1. The company evaluates segment performance before interest and taxes. North America Foodservice products are principally produced by the tangible assets of the company’s other segments, except for refrigerated soups, which are produced in a separate facility, and certain other products, which are produced under contract manufacturing agreements. Accordingly, with the exception of a refrigerated soup facility, plant assets are not allocated to the North America Foodservice operations. Depreciation, however, is allocated to North America Foodservice based on production hours.
 
The company’s largest customer, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. and its affiliates, accounted for approximately 16% of consolidated net sales in 2008, 15% in 2007 and 14% in 2006. All of the company’s segments sold products to Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. or its affiliates.
 
Business Segments
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Net sales
                       
U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages
  $ 3,674     $ 3,495     $ 3,265  
Baking and Snacking
    2,058       1,850       1,747  
International Soup, Sauces and Beverages
    1,610       1,402       1,257  
North America Foodservice
    656       638       625  
                         
Total
  $ 7,998     $ 7,385     $ 6,894  
                         
 
                         
    2008(2)     2007     2006(3)  
 
Earnings before interest and taxes
                       
U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages
  $ 891     $ 861     $ 814  
Baking and Snacking
    120       238       185  
International Soup, Sauces and Beverages
    179       168       144  
North America Foodservice
    40       78       59  
Corporate(1)
    (132 )     (102 )     (105 )
                         
Total
  $ 1,098     $ 1,243     $ 1,097  
                         


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Depreciation and Amortization
                       
U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages
  $ 91     $ 89     $ 91  
Baking and Snacking
    80       88       94  
International Soup, Sauces and Beverages
    51       43       35  
North America Foodservice
    22       12       10  
Corporate(1)
    33       31       26  
Discontinued Operations
    17       20       33  
                         
Total
  $ 294     $ 283     $ 289  
                         
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Capital Expenditures
                       
U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages
  $ 132     $ 110     $ 91  
Baking and Snacking
    65       72       60  
International Soup, Sauces and Beverages
    46       40       29  
North America Foodservice
    7       30       58  
Corporate(1)
    33       54       43  
Discontinued Operations
    15       28       28  
                         
Total
  $ 298     $ 334     $ 309  
                         
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Segment Assets
                       
U.S. Soup, Sauces and Beverages
  $ 2,301     $ 2,208     $ 2,104  
Baking and Snacking
    1,695       1,702       1,612  
International Soup, Sauces and Beverages
    1,805       1,630       1,522  
North America Foodservice
    330       304       287  
Corporate(1)
    343       403       1,108  
Discontinued Operations
          198       1,112  
                         
Total
  $ 6,474     $ 6,445     $ 7,745