CBEY » Topics » Note 3. Stock-Based Compensation

This excerpt taken from the CBEY 10-Q filed May 15, 2006.

Note 3. Stock-Based Compensation

Prior to January 1, 2006, the Company accounted for stock-based compensation under the recognition and measurement provisions of APB Opinion No. 25 (APB 25), Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees, and related interpretations, as permitted by Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (SFAS 123), Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation. Under this guidance, the Company recognized non-cash compensation expense for stock options by measuring the excess, if any, of the estimated fair value of the common stock at the date of grant over the amount an employee must pay to acquire the stock and amortizing that excess on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the applicable stock options. Additional paid-in capital and deferred compensation were recorded at the date of the grants to reflect the intrinsic value of the awards. The deferred compensation was amortized to expense over the vesting periods on a straight line basis, with adjustments for forfeitures as they occurred.

 

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Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted the fair value recognition provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (revised 2004), Share-Based Payment (SFAS 123(R)) using the modified prospective transition method. Under that transition method, compensation cost recognized on or after January 1, 2006 includes: (a) compensation cost for all share-based payments granted prior to, but not yet vested as of January 1, 2006, based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the original provisions of SFAS 123, and (b) compensation cost for all share-based payments granted on or after January 1, 2006, based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with SFAS 123(R). Results for prior periods have not been restated.

The Company recorded stock-based compensation expense of $782 in the three months ended March 31, 2006, which is an increase of approximately $700 over the amount that would have been recorded under the provisions of APB 25. Due to the Company’s history of net operating losses, no related income tax benefits were recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2006. Compensation is recorded over the vesting period directly to paid-in capital. Thus, the Company eliminated the deferred compensation balance relating to employee stock options as of January 1, 2006 with an offsetting reduction to additional paid-in capital.

The following disclosure shows what our net loss and net loss per share available to common stockholders would have been using the fair value compensation model under SFAS 123(R) for the three months ended March 31, 2005:

 

Net loss:

  

As reported

   $ (3,961 )

Add: Stock-based employee compensation expense included in reported net loss

     77  

Deduct: Stock-based employee compensation expense determined under the fair value method for all awards

     (489 )
        

Pro forma in accordance with SFAS No. 123(R)

   $ (4,373 )

Net loss attributable to common stockholders per common share:

  

Basic and diluted as reported

   $ (28.63 )

Basic and diluted pro forma in accordance with SFAS No. 123(R)

   $ (31.69 )
This excerpt taken from the CBEY 10-K filed Mar 31, 2006.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company has chosen to account for stock-based compensation using the intrinsic value method prescribed in Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees (“APB No. 25”), and related interpretations. Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation (“SFAS No. 123”), as amended by Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 148, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation—Transition and Disclosure, encourages, but does not require, companies to record compensation for stock-based employee compensation plans at fair value. Accordingly, non-cash compensation expense for stock options is determined by measuring the excess, if any, of the estimated fair value of the Company’s common stock at the date of grant over the amount an employee must pay to acquire the stock and amortizing that excess on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the applicable stock options.

 

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CBEYOND COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

 

Had the Company elected to adopt the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS No. 123, pro forma net loss would be as follows (see Note 9):

 

     Year ended December 31  
     2003     2004     2005  

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

   $ (35,736 )   $ (18,539 )   $ (4,814 )

Add: total stock-based compensation expense determined under the intrinsic value based method

     21       362       286  

Deduct: total stock-based compensation expense determined under the fair value based method

     (1,172 )     (1,880 )     (2,716 )
                        

Pro forma net loss attributable to common stockholders

   $ (36,887 )   $ (20,057 )   $ (7,244 )
                        

Net loss attributable to common stockholders per common share:

      

Basic and diluted—as reported

   $ (310.75 )   $ (143.71 )   $ (1.16 )
                        

Basic and diluted—pro forma

   $ (320.76 )   $ (155.48 )   $ (1.74 )
                        

The Company accounts for equity instruments issued to non-employees in accordance with the provisions of SFAS No. 123 and EITF Issue No. 96-18, Accounting for Equity Instruments that are Issued to Other Than Employees for Acquiring, or in Conjunction with, Selling Goods or Services. All transactions in which goods or services are the consideration received for the issuance of equity instruments are accounted for based on the fair value of the equity instrument issued, which the Company deems more reliably measurable than the fair value of the consideration received. The measurement date of the fair value of the equity instrument issued is the earlier of the date on which the counterparty’s performance, or obligation to perform, is complete or the date on which it is probable that performance will occur.

During 2004, and 2005, respectively, the Company issued 13 and 3 common stock options to vendors for services. In 2004 and 2005, respectively, these options were valued at $78 and $16, of which $13 and $38 was recognized in selling, general and administrative expenses.

This excerpt taken from the CBEY 10-Q filed Dec 8, 2005.

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for stock based compensation in accordance with Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees (“APB No. 25”), and related interpretations. Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation (“SFAS No. 123”), as amended by Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 148, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation- Transition and Disclosure, encourages, but does not require, companies to record compensation for stock-based employee compensation plans at fair value. Accordingly, non-cash compensation expense for stock options is determined by measuring the excess, if any, of the estimated fair value of the Company’s common stock at the date of grant over the amount an employee must pay to acquire the stock and amortizing that excess on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the applicable stock options.

 

Had the Company elected to adopt the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS No. 123, pro forma net loss would be as follows:

 

     Nine Months Ended
September 30


    Three Months Ended
September 30


 
     2004

    2005

    2004

    2005

 

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

   $ (13,353 )   $ (9,038 )   $ (3,600 )   $ (1,660 )

Add: employee stock-based compensation expense determined under the intrinsic value based method

     267       211       94       78  

Deduct: employee stock-based compensation expense determined under the fair value based method

     (1,344 )     (2,189 )     (502 )     (746 )
    


 


 


 


Pro forma net loss attributable to common stockholders

   $ (14,430 )   $ (11,016 )   $ (4,008 )   $ (2,328 )
    


 


 


 


Net loss attributable to common stockholders per common share:

                                

Basic and diluted—as reported

   $ (104.32 )   $ (57.94 )   $ (27.48 )   $ (10.06 )
    


 


 


 


Basic and diluted—pro forma

   $ (112.73 )   $ (70.62 )   $ (30.60 )   $ (14.11 )
    


 


 


 


 

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