MarketWatch  3 hrs ago  Comment 
The financial giants are jumping into the robo-adviser business, underscoring the hopes around offering low-cost, automated investment advice. Schwab’s new service also has sparked an outcry, as critics blast how much it will park in cash.
Forbes  Mar 6  Comment 
In early trading on Friday, shares of The Charles Schwab Corporation (SCHW) topped the list of the day's best performing components of the S&P 500 index, trading up 4.8%.  Year to date, The Charles Schwab Corporation registers a 4.9% gain.
New York Times  Mar 6  Comment 
Whether the service, called Schwab Intelligent Portfolios, is truly free — or is just intended to seem that way — is a matter of debate.
TheStreet.com  Mar 2  Comment 
NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- When the Nasdaq Composite Index last hit 5,000 back in 2000, stocks crashed soon after, but one strategist said history won't repeat itself this time around.  Randy Frederick, managing director of trading and derivatives...
New York Times  Feb 22  Comment 
The detentions came during a demonstration by at least 2,000 against the start of construction of a new airfield at Camp Schwab.
Jutia Group  Feb 18  Comment 
[Business Wire] - Building upon the success of Schwab Live – Schwab’s unique online trader Q&A event – Schwab Trading Services will host the company’s first-ever Google Hangout on Thursday, February 19, between 4:00 pm and 5:00 pm ET. Read...
Market Intelligence Center  Feb 17  Comment 
The patented option-trade picking algorithms that power MarketIntelligenceCenter.com's Artifical Intelligence Center found a trading opportunity with Schwab (Charles) Corp (SCHW) that should provide a 6.30% return in just 122 days. Sell one Jun....
Forbes  Feb 13  Comment 
Sometimes the best advice on how to do something comes from someone who failed miserably. That person in this case would be David Pottruck, former CEO of Charles Schwab, who found himself summarily and spectacularly dismissed in 2004 after 20...


Charles Schwab (NASDAQ: SCHW) is one of the original brokerage firms to offer individual investors the opportunity to buy and trade equities at a discount. However, in recent years, Schwab has transformed itself from a discount broker focused on driving commissions into an asset management company, making money by charging a percentage of clients' assets as a fee for financial services. For the full year 2010, Charles Schwab reported a total revenue of $4.51B and a net income of $454M.[1][2]

Schwab used its transformation to establish a firm foothold into the mass affluent marketplace, a segment which represents 60% of the $25 trillion in U.S. retail investing assets. With this focus on mass affluent customers, Schwab has carved out a unique position between the discount and traditional brokers. The downside is that Schwab faces competition on multiple fronts, especially as it continues to expand into areas such as 401(k) management, mortgages, and full service financial consulting.

Business Overview

Investor Services (66.97% of 2010 Net Revenues)

Schwab Investor Services (SIS) provides retail brokerage and banking services to individual investors, as well as 401(k) and other retirement plan services to corporations. Its offerings range from self-directed research tools to full service financial consulting.[1]

Institutional Services (33.03% of 2010 Net Revenues)

Schwab was one of the first companies to offer services, such as trading tools and marketing support, to independent investment advisors (IAs). Schwab is currently the largest provider to independent investment advisors at more than double the market share of the next largest competitor. This customer segment accounts for approximately one quarter of revenues and earnings. This division also includes Advisor Services and Corporate and Retirement Services.

Revenue Sources

Asset management and administration fees - include mutual fund service fees and fees for other asset-based financial services provided to individual and institutional clients. Schwab earns mutual fund service fees for shareholder services, administration, investment management, and transfer agent services provided to its proprietary funds, and recordkeeping and shareholder services provided to third-party funds.

Net Interest Revenue

Net interest revenue is the difference between interest earned on interest-earning assets and interest paid on funding sources. Net interest revenue is affected by changes in the volume and mix of these assets and liabilities, as well as by fluctuations in interest rates and portfolio management strategies.

Trading Revenue

Trading revenue includes commission and principal transaction revenues. Commission revenues are affected by the number of revenue trades executed and the average revenue earned per revenue trade. Principal transaction revenues are primarily comprised of revenues from client fixed income securities trading activity. Factors that influence principal transaction revenues include the volume of client trades, market price volatility, and competitive pressures.

Trends and Forces

Interest rates effect on SCHW's revenue drivers: fees and commissions

Schwab, like all asset management firms, generates revenue on assets by charging fees and gaining interest on the money it manages. Revenues based on commissions are susceptible to swings in the stock market, which are linked to general economic conditions. In a bearish market, the trading volume is relatively low and this in turn decreases revenue from commissions. On the flip side, an upturn in the market will increase trading volumes and hence commission revenue for Schwab. In periods of economic uncertainty, trading volumes can spike significantly, reflecting investors' apprehension about the future of the economy. Commission revenues are a function of trading volume and price per trade. The key volume driver measured by brokerage firms is daily average revenue trades, or DARTs. Commissions will become increasingly important to drive revenue due to mounting pressures from other discount brokers and retail banks. Given that fees and commissions account for the largest portion of revenue for its overall business and that those revenues are decreasing, Schwab has continued to emphasize "upselling" higher margin products, such as its own mutual funds, comprehensive financial consulting, and 401(k) management.

Mass Affluent Customers

The primary drivers of asset accumulation are the number of total clients and average assets per client. Schwab has leveraged both drivers in recent years by going after the mass affluent investors, an important customer segment that represents about 60% of the $25 trillion in U.S. retail investing assets. Mass affluent clients have between $100k and $1 million in investable assets and it will be important for Schwab to continue to pursue them in order to grow its asset base. Currently, Schwab holds about $120k for its average retail client and has aggressively marketed to this segment.

Schwab continues to make money from trading commissions and, increasingly, asset management by serving two major customer segments: individual investors and independent investment advisors (IAs).

Asset Accumulation

Schwab makes money primarily from two sources: assets and trades. While Schwab has historically been a discount brokerage firm focused on generating revenue from trade commissions, the company has gone through a fundamental shift.[3] This change places Schwab closer to the traditional brokerage firms focused on asset accumulation than the discount brokers that depend heavily on commissions from trade.

Equity Market Volatility

Market volatility and cycles affect Schwab's business as it does all brokerage firms. However, Schwab's shift to asset management allows it to be relatively less exposed to declines in transactions compared pure to discount brokers in case of a slowdown in the equity markets.

Competitive Landscape

Charles Schwab's largest competitors are:

SCHW competes against smaller brokers such as ETFC, AMTD, and RJF.

One recent trend that may have a significant impact on all discount brokers is the entrance of retail banks Bank of America (BAC) and Wells Fargo (WFC), both of which announced fee-free trading in late 2006. While these banks do not have robust trading offerings compared to discount brokers, Bank of America and Wells Fargo have a strong foothold in the financial services marketplace; Bank of America alone has banking relationships with 50 million—or half—of all households in the U.S..

Schwab leads the niche institutional market with its Schwab Advisor Network. Its closest competitors are Fidelity and TD Ameritrade.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Charles Schwab 2010 Annual Report
  2. Charles Schwab 4th Quarter Report, 01/19/2010
  3. stock:Charles_Schwab_(SCHW)/Filing/10-K/2010/F46736067#toc19890_28 10-K, Consolidated Statement of Income, page 42
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