CHECKPOINT SYSTEMS INC 10-K 2010
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 27, 2009
Commission File No. 1-11257
CHECKPOINT SYSTEMS, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Articles of Incorporation)
Securities to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
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Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.
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Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
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Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.05 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
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Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. R
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.:
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
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As of June 28, 2009, the aggregate market value of the Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was approximately $589,167,871.
As of February 12, 2010, there were 39,100,096 shares of the Common Stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement for its 2010 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.
CHECKPOINT SYSTEMS, INC.
Table of Contents
CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Annual Report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that involve risks and uncertainties and reflect the Company’s judgment as of the date of this report. Forward-looking statements often address our expected future business and financial performance, and often contain words such as “expect,” “forecast,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “seek,” or “will.” By their nature, forward-looking statements address matters that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Any such forward-looking statements may involve risk and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from any future results encompassed within the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include: changes in our senior management and other matters relating to the implementation of our succession plan; our ability to integrate recent acquisitions and to achieve related financial and operational goals; changes in international business and economic conditions; foreign currency exchange rate and interest rate fluctuations; lower than anticipated demand by retailers and other customers for our products; slower commitments of retail customers to chain-wide installations and/or source tagging adoption or expansion; possible increases in per unit product manufacturing costs due to less than full utilization of manufacturing capacity as a result of slowing economic conditions or other factors; our ability to provide and market innovative and cost-effective products; the development of new competitive technologies; our ability to maintain our intellectual property; competitive pricing pressures causing profit erosion; the availability and pricing of component parts and raw materials; possible increases in the payment time for receivables as a result of economic conditions or other market factors; changes in regulations or standards applicable to our products; the ability to implement cost reduction in field service, sales, and general and administrative expense, and our manufacturing and supply chain operations without significantly impacting revenue and profits; our ability to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting; a failure to manage our growth effectively; and additional matters discussed more fully in this report under Item 1A. “Risk Factors Related to Our Business” and Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis.” We do not undertake to update our forward-looking statements, except as required by applicable securities laws.
Item 1. BUSINESS
Checkpoint Systems, Inc. is a leading global manufacturer and provider of technology-driven end-to-end loss prevention, merchandising and labeling solutions to the retail and apparel industry. We provide solutions to brand, track and secure goods for retailers, apparel manufacturers and consumer product manufacturers worldwide.
Retailers and manufacturers are increasingly focused on identifying and protecting assets that are moving through the supply chain. On the sales floor, retailers need to make sure that the right merchandise is in stock to satisfy customers and boost sales. To address this market opportunity, we have built the necessary infrastructure to be a single global source for shrink management, merchandise tracking and visibility, and apparel labeling solutions.
We are a leading provider of electronic article surveillance (EAS) systems and tags using radio frequency (RF) and electromagnetic (EM) technology, source tagging security solutions, secure merchandising solutions using RF and acoustic-magnetic (AM) technology, branding tags and labels for apparel. In Europe, we are a leading provider of retail display systems (RDS) and hand-held labeling systems (HLS). We are also a leading provider and installer of store monitoring solutions, including fire alarms, intrusion alarms and digital video recorders for the retail environment in the U.S. Our labeling systems and services are designed to consolidate tag and label requirements to improve efficiency, reduce costs, and furnish value-added solutions for customers across many markets and industries. Applications for tags and labels include brand identification, automatic identification (auto-ID), retail shrink management, fabric and woven tags and labels, and pricing and promotional labels. We have achieved substantial international growth, primarily through acquisitions, and now operate directly in 30 countries. Products are principally developed and manufactured in-house and sold through direct distribution and reseller channels.
Founded in 1969, we were incorporated in Pennsylvania as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Logistics Industries Corporation (Logistics). In 1977, Logistics, pursuant to the terms of its merger into Lydall, Inc., distributed our common stock to Logistics’ shareholders as a dividend.
Historically, we have expanded our business both domestically and internationally through acquisitions, internal growth using wholly-owned subsidiaries, and the utilization of independent distributors. In 1993 and 1995, we completed two key acquisitions that gave us direct access into Western Europe. We acquired ID Systems International BV and ID Systems Europe BV in 1993 and Actron Group Limited in 1995. These companies engaged in the manufacture, distribution, and sale of EAS systems throughout Europe.
In December 1999, we acquired Meto AG, a German multinational corporation and a leading provider of value-added labeling solutions for article identification and security. This acquisition doubled our revenues and provided us with an increased breadth of product offerings and global reach.
In January 2001, we acquired A.W. Printing Inc., a Houston, Texas-based printer of tags, labels, and packaging material for the apparel industry.
In January 2006, we completed the sale of our barcode systems business to SATO, a global leader in barcode printing, labeling, and Electronic Product Code (EPC)/Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) solutions.
In November 2006, we acquired ADS Worldwide (ADS). Based in Hull, England, ADS is an established supplier of tags, labels and trim to apparel manufacturers, retailers and brands around the world. ADS provides us with new technological and production capabilities and is in line with our strategy to grow our apparel labeling solutions business to create increased value for our customers and stockholders.
In November 2007, we acquired the Alpha S3 business from Alpha Security Products, Inc. Based in Charlotte, North Carolina, the Alpha S3 business offers a comprehensive line of security solutions designed to protect high-theft merchandise in an open-display retail environment. The Alpha S3 product portfolio combines well with our source tagging program, and is in line with our strategy to provide retailers a comprehensive line of shrink management solutions.
In November 2007, we also acquired SIDEP, an established supplier of EAS systems operating in France and China, and Shanghai Asialco Electronics Co. Ltd. (Asialco), a China-based manufacturer of RF-EAS labels. With facilities in Shanghai, China, Asialco significantly increased our label manufacturing capacity in Asia. SIDEP and Asialco will help us meet the growing demand in Asian markets.
In January 2008, we purchased the business of Security Corporation, Inc., a privately held company that provides technology and physical security solutions to the financial services sector.
During June 2008, we acquired OATSystems, Inc., a recognized leader in RFID-based application software. The addition of OATSystems, Inc. will build on our strategy to help retailers and suppliers with our EVOLVETM EAS platform to more easily migrate to EPC RFID. As our industry moves to a common EPC standard, we will be able to offer solutions that enable retailers and their suppliers to gain deeper visibility of assets and merchandise — further reducing shrink and increasing bottom-line profits while enhancing the on-shelf availability of merchandise for consumers.
In August 2009, we acquired Brilliant Label Manufacturing Ltd., a China-based manufacturer of paper, fabric and woven tags and labels. Brilliant Label, through its facilities in Hong Kong and China, adds significant capacity to Checkpoint’s world-class apparel labeling business. This acquisition enables us to meet greater demand for fabric and woven tags and labels and expands our global manufacturing footprint. Additionally, our labeling business extends the use of paper, fabric and woven labels beyond branding, variable data and garment care information by enabling discreet integration of RF-EAS and RFID tags. These capabilities enable apparel retailers and vendors to brand, track and secure their products at the point of manufacture using a single solution.
Products and Offerings
Historically, we have reported our results of operations into three segments: Shrink Management Solutions, Intelligent Labels, and Retail Merchandising. During the first quarter of 2009, resulting from a change in our management structure, we began reporting our segments into three new segments: Shrink Management Solutions, Apparel Labeling Solutions, and Retail Merchandising Solutions. The years ended 2008 and 2007 have been conformed to reflect the segment change. Shrink Management Solutions now includes results of our EAS labels and library business. Apparel Labeling Solutions, formerly referred to as Check-Net®, includes tag and label solutions sold to apparel manufacturers and retailers, which leverage our graphic and design expertise, strategically located service bureaus, and our Check-Net® e-commerce capabilities. Our apparel labeling services coupled with our EAS and RFID capabilities provide a combination of apparel branding and identification with loss prevention and supply chain visibility. There were no changes to the Retail Merchandising Segment. The margins for each of the segments and the identifiable assets attributable to each reporting segment are set forth in Note 19 “Business Segments and Geographic Information” to the consolidated financial statements.
Each of these segments offer an assortment of products and services that in combination are designed to provide a comprehensive, single source solution to help retailers, manufacturers, and distributors identify, track, and protect their assets throughout the entire supply chain. Each segment and its respective products and services are described below.
SHRINK MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS
Our largest business is providing shrink management and merchandise visibility solutions to retailers. Our diversified line of security products are designed to help retailers prevent inventory losses caused by impulse theft, organized retail theft, and employee theft, reduce selling costs through lower staff requirements, and boost sales by having the right goods available when customers are ready to buy. Our products facilitate the open display of merchandise, which allows retailers to maximize sales opportunities. Offering our own proprietary RF-EAS and EM-EAS technologies, we believe that we hold a significant share of worldwide EAS systems installations. EAS systems revenues accounted for 29%, 35%, and 37% of our 2009, 2008, and 2007 total revenues, respectively.
We offer a wide variety of EAS-RF and EAS-EM labels that provide security solutions that can be matched to specific retail requirements. Under our source tagging program, tags can be attached or embedded in products or packaging at the point-of-manufacture. All participants in the retail supply chain are concerned with maximizing efficiency. Reducing time-to-market requires refined production and logistics systems to ensure just-in-time delivery, as well as shorter development, design, and production cycles. Services range from full-color branding labels to tracking labels and, ultimately, fully-integrated labels that include an EAS or a RFID circuit. This integration is based on the critical objective of supporting the rapid delivery of goods to market while reducing losses, whether through misdirection, tracking failure, theft or counterfeiting, and to reduce labor costs by tagging and labeling products at the source. EAS-RF and EAS-EM label revenues represented 16%, 12% and 14% of our total revenues for 2009, 2008, and 2007, respectively.
The installation of store monitoring solutions through our CheckView™ business includes fire, intrusion and digital video recording systems. For 2009, 2008, and 2007, the CheckView™ business represented 14%, 17%, and 17% of our revenues, respectively.
We acquired our Alpha business on November 1, 2007. Alpha is unique in its focus on both design and manufacturing of high theft protection products. Alpha products are designed to offer retailers security, aesthetics, value and ease of use in an “open display” format. For 2009, 2008, and 2007, the Alpha business represented 10%, 9%, and 1% of our revenues, respectively.
No other product group in this segment accounted for as much as 10% of our revenues.
These broad and flexible product lines, marketed and serviced by our extensive sales and service organizations, have helped us emerge as a preferred supplier to retailers around the world. Shrink Management Solutions represented approximately 72%, 75%, and 73% of total revenues in 2009, 2008, and 2007, respectively.
Electronic Article Surveillance Systems
We have designed EAS systems to act as a deterrent to prevent merchandise theft in retail stores. Our diversified product lines are designed to help reduce impulse theft, organized retail theft, and employee theft and enable retailers to sell more by openly displaying high-margin and high-cost items.
During early 2008, we introduced EVOLVE™, our state-of-the-art shrink management platform. EVOLVE™ is our next-generation suite of RF and RFID-enabled products providing enhanced system performance with advanced information management and networking capabilities in a more aesthetically pleasing format. EVOLVE™ is compatible with our CheckPro data analysis software and our complete line of EAS labels and tags as well as products of other suppliers. Our business model relies upon customer commitments for our security product installations to a large number of their stores over a period of several months (large chain-wide installations). This new product will allow our existing customers to upgrade their security offerings and should result in increased installations for the future. The enhanced capabilities of the EVOLVE™ platform should also attract interest from new retail customers.
We offer a wide variety of RF-EAS and EM-EAS solutions to meet the varied requirements of retail store configurations for multiple market segments worldwide. Our EAS systems are primarily comprised of sensors and deactivation units, which respond to or act upon our tags and labels. Our EAS products are designed and built to comply with applicable Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and European Community (EC) regulations governing RF, signal strengths, and other factors.
Electronic Article Surveillance Consumables
We produce EAS-RF and EAS-EM labels that work in combination with our EAS systems to reduce merchandise theft in retail stores. Our diversified product line of discrete, disposable labels and one-time-use hard tags are designed to enable retailers to protect a diverse array of easily-pocketed, high shrink merchandise. While EAS labels can be applied in retail stores and distribution centers, an increasing percentage of our customers are taking advantage of our source tagging program. With source tagging, EAS labels and hard tags are configured to the merchandise and specific security requirements of the customer and applied at the point of manufacture. Our paper thin EAS labels have characteristics that are easily integrated with high-speed automated application systems. We have recently launched a new generation of EAS labels with enhanced performance EP labels. These labels are smaller yet provide superior detection capability.
We provide retailers with innovative and technically advanced products engineered to protect high-theft merchandise. Alpha is unique in its focus on both design and manufacturing of high theft protection products. Alpha products are designed to offer retailers security, aesthetics, value and ease of use. Alpha pioneered the “open display” security philosophy by providing retailers a truly safe means to bring merchandise from behind locked cabinets and openly display it. The product line consists of keepers, spider wraps, bottle security, and hard tags. Alpha recently introduced a new product, Showsafe, which is a line alarm system for protecting display merchandise. All Alpha products are available in AM, RF, or EM formats.
CheckView™ — Video, Fire and Intrusion Systems
We provide complete physical and electronic store monitoring solutions, including fire alarms, intrusion alarms and digital video recording systems for retail environments. CheckView’s™ exclusive focus on retail offers centralized project coordination supported by a large field management structure. Our product and application teams evaluate and support new technology development and our design department engineers each project. Our video surveillance solutions address shoplifting and internal theft as well as customer and employee safety and security needs. The product line consists of closed circuit television products and services including fixed and high-speed pan/tilt/zoom camera systems, programmable switcher controls, time-lapse recording, and remote video surveillance.
Our fire and intrusion systems provide life safety and property protection, completing the line of loss prevention solutions. In addition to the system installations, we offer a U.S.-based 24-hour central station monitoring service.
In 2008, we expanded our systems solution offering in the U.S. by entering the financial services sector, providing branch banks with physical and electronic security solutions.
RFID Tags and Labels
We produce RFID tags and labels, leveraging our high volume, low cost RF circuit production and manufacturing knowledge. In October 2006, we announced our intention to focus our RFID initiative on our core retail customers business. During June 2008, we acquired OATSystems, Inc., a recognized leader in RFID-based application software. The addition of OATSystems, Inc. will build on our strategy to help retailers and suppliers with our EVOLVETM EAS platform to more easily migrate to EPC RFID. As our industry moves to a common EPC standard, we will be able to offer solutions that enable retailers and their suppliers to gain deeper visibility of assets and merchandise — further reducing shrink and increasing bottom-line profits while enhancing the on-shelf availability of merchandise for consumers.
APPAREL LABELING SOLUTIONS
Apparel Labeling Solutions (ALS) is our second largest business. We provide apparel retailers, brand owners, and manufacturers with a single source of their apparel labeling requirements. ALS is our web-enabled apparel labeling solutions platform and network of 28 service bureaus located in 22 countries that supplies customers with customized apparel tags and labels to the location where the goods are manufactured. Our order entry, logistics, and data management capabilities facilitates on-demand printing of variable pricing and article identification data and barcode information onto price and apparel tags. ALS also offers a product line that integrates our EAS-RF security labels into customized apparel tags.
Our service bureau network is one of the most extensive in the industry, and its ability to offer integrated branding, barcode, and EAS security tags places it among just a handful of suppliers who possess this capability. Our printing capacity and service bureau network expanded in August 2009 with the acquisition of Brilliant Label Manufacturing Ltd. The acquisition of Brilliant also enables us to meet the greater demand for fabric and woven tags and labels.
ALS revenues represented 18%, 15%, and 15% of our total revenues for 2009, 2008, and 2007, respectively.
RETAIL MERCHANDISING SOLUTIONS
Our retail merchandising solutions business includes hand-held label applicators and tags, promotional displays, and queuing systems. These traditional products broaden our reach among retailers. Many of the products in this business segment represent high-margin items with a high level of recurring sales of associated consumables such as labels. As a result of the increasing use of scanning technology in retail, our hand-held labeling systems products are serving a declining market. Retail merchandising solutions, which is focused on European and Asian markets, represents approximately 10% of our business, with no product group in this segment accounting for as much as 10% of our revenues.
Hand-held Labeling Systems
Hand-held labeling systems (HLS) include a complete line of hand-held price marking and label application solutions, primarily sold to retailers. Sales of labels, consumables, and service generate a significant source of recurring revenues. As retail scanning becomes widespread, in-store retail price marking applications have continued to decline. Our HLS products possess a market leading position in several European countries.
Retail Merchandising Systems
Retail merchandising systems (RMS) include a wide range of products for customers in certain retail sectors, such as supermarkets and do-it-yourself, where high-quality signage and in-store price promotion are important. Product categories include traditional retail promotional systems for in-store communication and electronic graphics systems, and customer queuing systems.
Our business strategy focuses on providing end-to-end shrink management and merchandise visibility solutions and apparel labeling solutions that help retailers, manufacturers, and distributors identify, track, and protect their assets. We believe that innovative new products and expanded product offerings will provide significant opportunities to enhance the value of legacy products while expanding the product base in existing customer accounts. We intend to maintain our leadership position in certain key hard goods markets (supermarkets, drug stores, mass merchandisers, and music/electronics), expand our market share in the soft goods markets (apparel), and maximize our position in under-penetrated markets. We also intend to continue to capitalize on our installed base of large global retailers to promote source tagging. Furthermore, we plan to leverage our knowledge of RF and identification technologies to assist retailers and manufacturers in realizing the benefits of RFID.
To achieve these objectives, we plan to continually enhance and expand our technologies and products, and provide superior service to our customers. We are focused on providing our customers with a wide variety of integrated shrink management solutions, labeling, and retail merchandising solutions characterized by superior quality, ease of use, good value, and enhanced merchandising opportunities for the retailer, manufacturer, and distributor.
We continue to evaluate our sales productivity, manufacturing and supply chain efficiency, and our overhead structure and have taken actions where we have identified specific opportunities to improve profitability.
Principal Markets and Marketing Strategy
Through our Shrink Management Solutions business segment, we market EAS systems, software and other security solutions, and CheckView™ products and services primarily to worldwide retailers in the hard goods market and soft goods market. We enjoy significant market share, particularly in the supermarket, drug store, hypermarket, and mass merchandiser market segments.
Shoplifting and employee theft are major causes of shrinkage. Data collection systems have highlighted the shrinkage problem to retailers. As a result, retailers recognize that the implementation of effective electronic security solutions can significantly reduce shrinkage and increase profitability.
In addition to providing retail security solutions, we provide a wide variety of integrated shrink management and merchandise visibility solutions, labeling solutions, and retail merchandising solutions to manufacturers and retailers worldwide. This entails a broadened focus within the entire retail supply chain by providing branding, tracking, and shrink management solutions to retail stores, distribution centers, and consumer product and apparel manufacturers worldwide.
We are focused on “Helping Retailers Grow Profitability” by providing our customers with a wide variety of integrated solutions. Our ongoing marketing strategy includes the following:
We market our products primarily:
We focus on partnering with retail suppliers worldwide in our source tagging program. Ongoing strategies to increase acceptance of source tagging are as follows:
MANUFACTURING, RAW MATERIALS, AND INVENTORY
Electronic Article Surveillance
We manufacture our EAS systems and labels, including Alpha S3 products, in facilities located in Puerto Rico, Japan, China, the U.S. and the Dominican Republic. Our manufacturing strategy for EAS products is to rely primarily on in-house capability for core components and to outsource manufacturing to the extent economically beneficial. We manage the integration of our in-house capability and our outsourced manufacturing in a way that provides significant control over costs, quality, and responsiveness to market demand, which we believe results in a distinct competitive advantage.
We involve customers, engineering, manufacturing, and marketing in the design and development of our products. For RF sensor production, we purchase raw materials from outside suppliers and assemble electronic components at our facilities in the Dominican Republic for the majority of our sensor product lines. The manufacture of some RF sensors sold in Europe and all EM hardware is outsourced. For our EAS disposable tag production, we purchase raw materials and components from suppliers and complete the manufacturing process at our facilities in Puerto Rico, Japan, and China. For our Alpha S3 secured merchandising production, we purchase raw materials and components from suppliers and complete the manufacturing process at our facilities in the U.S. as well as using outsourced manufacturing in China. The principal raw materials and components used by us in the manufacture of our products are electronic components and circuit boards for our systems; aluminum foil, resins, paper, and ferric chloride and hydrochloric acid solutions for our disposable tags; and polymer resin for our Alpha S3 products. While most of these materials are purchased from several suppliers, there are alternative sources for all such materials. The products that are not manufactured by us are sub-contracted to manufacturers selected for their manufacturing and assembly skills, quality, and price.
CheckView™ — Video, Fire and Intrusion Systems
We are primarily an integrator of video, fire and intrusion components manufactured by others. In the U.S., we use in-house capabilities to assemble products such as the pan/tilt/zoom dome camera and other products such as the Advanced Public View (APV) system. The software component of the system is added during product assembly at our operational facilities.
Apparel Labeling Solutions and Retail Merchandising Solutions
We manufacture labels, tags, and hand-held tools. Our main production facilities are located in Germany, the Netherlands, the U.S., the U.K., China, and Malaysia. Local production facilities are also situated in Hong Kong, China and Turkey. Our facilities in the Netherlands, the U.S., and the U.K. manufacture labels and tags for laser overprinting. With the acquisition of Brilliant in August 2009, we acquired fabric and woven labels manufacturing facilities in China. ALS has a network of 28 service bureaus located in 22 countries that supplies customers with customized apparel tags and labels to the location where the goods are manufactured. Manufacturing in Germany is focused on HLS labels and print heads for HLS tools. The Malaysian facility produces standard bodies for HLS tools for Europe, complete hand-held tools for the rest of the world, and labels for the local market.
For our major product lines, we principally sell our products to end customers using our direct sales force of more than 500 sales people. To improve our sales efficiency, we also distribute products through an independent network of resellers. This distribution channel supports and services smaller customers. This indirect channel, which has primarily sold EAS solutions, will be broadened and expanded to include more product lines as we focus on improved sales productivity.
Electronic Article Surveillance
We sell our EAS systems, labels, and Alpha S3 products principally throughout North America, South America, Europe, and the Asia Pacific region. In North America, we market our EAS products through our own sales personnel and independent representatives.
Internationally, we market our EAS products principally through foreign subsidiaries which sell directly to the end-user and through independent distributors. Our international sales operations are currently located in 14 European countries and in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Malaysia, China, Mexico, and New Zealand.
CheckView™ — Video, Fire and Intrusion Systems
We market video systems and services in selected countries throughout the world using our own sales staff. These products and services are provided to our EAS retail customers, as well as non-EAS retailers. Fire and intrusion systems are marketed exclusively in the U.S. through a direct sales force.
Apparel Labeling Solutions and Retail Merchandising Solutions
Our customers in the apparel labeling solutions and retail merchandising solutions businesses are primarily found within the retail sector and retail supply chain. Major customers include companies within industries such as food retailing, DIY, department stores, and apparel retailers.
Large national and international customers are handled centrally by key account sales specialists supported by appropriate business specialists. Smaller customers are served by either a general sales force capable of representing all products or, if the complexity or size of the business demands, a dedicated business specialist.
Our backlog of orders was approximately $50.2 million at December 27, 2009 compared to approximately $51.8 million at December 28, 2008. We anticipate that substantially all of the backlog at the end of 2009 will be delivered during 2010. In the opinion of management, the amount of backlog is not indicative of trends in our business. Our security business generally follows the retail cycle so that revenues are weighted toward the last half of the calendar year as retailers prepare for the holiday season.
We believe that our patented and proprietary technologies are important to our business and future growth opportunities, and provide us with distinct competitive advantages. We continually evaluate our domestic and international patent portfolio, and where the cost of maintaining the patent exceeds its value, such patent may not be renewed. The majority of our revenues are derived from products or technologies that are patented or licensed. There can be no assurance, however, that a competitor could not develop products comparable to ours. Our competitive position is also supported by our extensive manufacturing experience and know-how.
PATENTS & LICENSING
On October 1, 1995, we acquired certain patents and improvements thereon related to EAS products and manufacturing processes from Arthur D. Little, Inc. for which we paid annual royalties. Our payment obligation terminated on December 31, 2008, and since then we have held a royalty free license.
We also license technologies relating to RFID applications, EAS products, certain sensors, magnetic labels, and fluid tags. These license arrangements have various expiration dates and royalty terms, which are not considered by us to be material.
Apparel Labeling Solutions and Retail Merchandising Solutions
We focus our in-house development efforts on product areas where we believe we can achieve and sustain a competitive cost and positioning advantage, and where delivery service is critical. We also develop and maintain technological expertise in areas that are believed to be important for new product development in our principal business areas. We have a base of technology expertise in the printing, electronics, and software areas and are particularly focused on EAS and labeling capabilities to support the development of higher value-added labels.
Our business is subject to seasonal influences, which generally causes us to realize higher levels of sales and income in the second half of the year. Our business’ seasonality substantially follows the retail cycle of our customers, which generally has revenues weighted towards the last half of the calendar year in preparation for the holiday season.
Electronic Article Surveillance
Currently, EAS systems and labels are sold to two principal markets: retail establishments and libraries. Our principal global competitor in the EAS industry is Tyco International Ltd. (Tyco), through its ADT Worldwide segment. Tyco is a diversified global company with interests in security products and services, fire protection and detection products and services, valves and controls and other industrial products. Tyco’s 2009 revenues were approximately $17.2 billion, of which $7.0 billion was attributable to the ADT Worldwide segment.
Within the U.S. market, additional competitors include Sentry Technology Corporation and Ketec, Inc. in EAS systems and consumables, and All-Tag Security in EAS-RF labels, principally in the retail market. Within our international markets, mainly Europe, Nedap® is our most significant competitor. The largest competitors of the Alpha S3 secured merchandising product line include Universal Surveillance Systems, Protext International Corporation, Se-Kure Controls, Inc, and Century.
We believe that our product line offers a more diverse range of products than our competition with a variety of disposable and reusable tags and labels, integrated scan/deactivation capabilities, and RF source tagging embedded into products or packaging. As a result, we compete in marketing our products primarily on the basis of their versatility, reliability, affordability, accuracy, and integration into operations. This combination provides many system solutions and allows for protection against a variety of retail merchandise theft. Furthermore, we believe that our manufacturing know-how and efficiencies relating to disposable tags give us a cost advantage over our competitors.
CheckView™ — Video, Fire and Intrusion Systems
Our video, fire and intrusion products, which are sold domestically through our CheckView™ Group, and video products sold internationally through our international sales subsidiaries, compete primarily with similar products offered by Tyco, Vector Security, Inc., and Stanley Security Solution. We compete based on our superior design and project management services and believe that our offerings provide our retail and non-retail customers with distinctive system features.
Apparel Labeling Solutions
We sell our apparel labeling solutions services, including tags and labels, to the retail market. Major competitors for our label products are Avery Dennison Corporation, SML Group, and Fineline Technologies. Several competitive labeling service companies are also customers as they purchase EAS circuits from us to integrate into their label offerings.
Retail Merchandising Solutions
We face no single competitor across our entire retail merchandising solutions product range or across all international markets. HL Display AB is our largest competitor in the retail display systems market, primarily in Europe. In the HLS segment, we compete with Contact, Garvey Products Inc., Hallo, Avery Dennison Corporation, and Prix.
Research and Development
We spent $20.4 million, $22.6 million, and $18.2 million, in research and development activities during 2009, 2008, and 2007, respectively. The emphasis of these activities is the continued broadening of the product lines offered by us, cost reductions of the current product lines, and an expansion of the markets and applications for our products. We believe that our future growth in revenues will be dependent, in part, on the products and technologies resulting from these efforts.
Another important source of new products and technologies has been the acquisition of companies and products. The August 2009 acquisition of Brilliant Label Manufacturing Ltd has strengthened and expanded our core apparel labeling offering. Brilliant’s woven and printed label manufacturing capabilities move us closer to becoming a recognized global provider of apparel labeling solutions.
The 2008 acquisition of OATSystems, Inc. will build on our strategy of helping retailers and suppliers migrate more easily with our EVOLVE™ Electronic Article Surveillance platform to EPC RFID. As our industry moves to a common EPC standard, we will now be able to offer solutions that enable retailers and their supply chains to gain deeper visibility of their assets and merchandise - further reducing shrink and increasing the bottom-line profits by enhancing on-shelf merchandise availability for consumers.
The November 2007 acquisition of the Alpha S3 business has enhanced our ability to introduce new products specifically targeted to high-theft merchandise in an open-display retail environment.
We continue to assess acquisitions of related businesses or products consistent with our overall product and marketing strategies. We also continue to develop and expand our product lines with improvements in disposable tag performance, disposable tag manufacturing processes, and wide-aisle RF-EAS detection sensors with integration of remote and wireless internet connectivity and RFID integration.
As of December 27, 2009, we had 5,785 employees, including seven executive officers, 113 employees engaged in research and development activities, and 568 employees engaged in sales and marketing activities. In the United States, 9 of our employees are represented by a union. In Europe, approximately 282 of our employees are represented by various unions or work councils.
Financial Information About Geographic and Business Segments
We operate both domestically and internationally in the three distinct business segments described previously. The financial information regarding our geographic and business segments, which includes net revenues and gross profit for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 27, 2009, and long-lived assets as of December 27, 2009 and December 28, 2008, is provided in Note 19 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Our internet website is at www.checkpointsystems.com. Investors can obtain copies of our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act as soon as reasonably practicable after we have filed such materials with, or furnished them to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). We will also furnish a paper copy of such filings free of charge upon request. Investors can also read and copy any materials filed by us with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room which is located at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549. Information about the operation of the Public Reference Room can be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. Our filings can also be accessed at the SEC’s internet website: www.sec.gov.
We have adopted a code of business conduct and ethics (the “Code of Ethics”) as required by the listing standards of the New York Stock Exchange and the rules of the SEC. This Code of Ethics applies to all of our directors, officers and employees. We have also adopted corporate governance guidelines (the “Governance Guidelines”) and a charter for each of our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Governance and Nominating Committee (collectively, the “Committee Charters”). We have posted the Code of Ethics, the Governance Guidelines and each of the Committee Charters on our website at www.checkpointsystems.com, and will post on our website any amendments to, or waivers from, the Code of Ethics applicable to any of our directors or executive officers. The foregoing information will also be available in print upon request.
Executive Officers of the Company
The following table sets forth certain current information concerning our executive officers, including their ages, position, and tenure as of the date hereof:
Mr. van der Merwe was appointed President and Chief Executive Officer on December 27, 2007. In December 2008, Mr. van der Merwe was appointed our Chairman of the Board and has been a member of our Board of Directors since October 2007. He previously served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Paxar Corporation, a global leader in providing innovative merchandising systems to retailers and apparel customers. He became Chairman of the Board of Paxar in January 2007, and served in these capacities until Paxar’s sale to Avery Dennison in June 2007. Prior to joining Paxar, Mr. van der Merwe held numerous executive positions with Kimberly-Clark Corporation from 1980 to 1987 and from 1994 to 2005, including the positions of Group President of Kimberly-Clark’s global consumer tissue business and Group President of Europe, Middle East and Africa. Earlier in his career, Mr. van der Merwe held managerial positions in South Africa at Xerox Corporation and Colgate Palmolive.
Mr. Andrews was appointed Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer on December 6, 2007. Mr. Andrews was Senior Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer from August 2005 until December 2007. He previously served as Controller of INVISTA S.a’r.l., a subsidiary of Koch Industries, where he oversaw the company’s accounting operations in North and South America, Europe and Asia. Prior to the acquisition by Koch Industries, Mr. Andrews was Director of Accounting Operations of INVISTA Inc. From 1998 to 2002, Mr. Andrews served as Controller for DuPont Pharmaceuticals Company and then Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharma Company, a subsidiary of Bristol-Myers Squibb, when that company acquired DuPont Pharmaceuticals in 2001. Prior to being appointed Controller, he held positions of increasing responsibility at DuPont Merck Pharmaceutical Company and the DuPont Company. Mr. Andrews is a Certified Public Accountant.
Mr. Gremillet was appointed Executive Vice President Global Customer Management in January 2009. Previously, he was Executive Vice President Geographies since August 2007. Prior to that Mr. Gremillet was President, Europe and Latin America from March 2006 to August 2007. Mr. Gremillet was Western Mediterranean Unit Manager from March 2004 until March 2006 and was an independent consultant to Checkpoint from February 2003 to March 2004. Mr. Gremillet was Corporate Director of Engineering and Technology at Repsol YPF SA, from December 1999 to May 2002 and Senior Vice President Downstream at YPF SA in 1999. He held a variety of positions, including Vice President Marketing and Development for Oilfield Services from July 1995 to June 1997 and Vice President and General Manager for Latin America from July 1989 to June 1993 during his 22 years with Schlumberger from 1975 to 1997.
Mr. Levin was appointed President, Shrink Management and Merchandise Visibility Solutions in March 2006. He was President of Europe from June 2004 until March 2006, Executive Vice President, General Manager, Europe from May 2003 until June 2004, Vice President, General Manager, Europe from February 2001 until May 2003. Mr. Levin was Regional Director, Southern Europe from 1997 to 2001 and joined the Company in January 1995 as Managing Director of Spain.
Mr. Davidson joined Checkpoint in 2008 as President, Global Apparel Labeling Solutions. Previously, he spent 16 years with the Braitrim Group, a company providing products and services to global apparel retailers and garment manufacturers. While with the Braitrim Group, Mr. Davidson made a significant contribution to building their $180 million business, including establishing Sales and Marketing and Manufacturing infrastructures throughout Asia. Following the acquisition of Braitrim by the Spotless Group in 2002, Mr. Davidson remained with the larger organization in the capacity of Managing Director, EMEA, for Spotless Retailer Services. Mr. Davidson’s previous experience includes Senior Management positions at TCI Marketing Consultancy, K Shoes Group in the UK, and Unilever.
Mr. Van Zile has been Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary since joining the Checkpoint in June 2003. Prior to joining us, Mr. Van Zile served as Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of Exide Corporation from September 2000 until October 2002, and was Vice President and General Counsel from November 1996 until September 2000. Prior to Exide Corporation, Mr. Van Zile held positions of increasing legal responsibility at GM-Hughes Electronics Corporation and Coltec Industries.
Mr. Abadi was appointed Senior Vice President and Chief Innovation Officer in October 2008. Mr. Abadi retains responsibility for our procurement and systems supply chain. He also served as Senior Vice President, Worldwide Operations from April 2006 until October 2008 and Vice President and General Manager, Worldwide Research and Development from November 2004 until April 2006. Prior to joining Checkpoint, Mr. Abadi was Senior Vice President of Global Cross-Industry Practices at Atos Origin from February 2004 until November 2004. Mr. Abadi held various senior management positions with Schlumberger for over eighteen years.
The risks described below are among those that could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations. These risks could cause actual results to differ materially from historical experience and from results predicted by any forward-looking statements related to conditions or events that may occur in the future.
Current economic conditions could adversely impact our business and results of operations.
Our operations and results depend significantly on global market worldwide economic conditions, which have experienced a recent deterioration. Current economic factors include diminished liquidity and tighter credit conditions, leading to decreased credit availability, as well as declines in economic growth and employment levels. As a result of these market conditions, the cost and availability of credit has been and may continue to be adversely affected by illiquid credit markets and wider credit spreads. These conditions may increase the difficulty for us to accurately forecast and plan future business. Customer demand could be impacted by decreased spending by businesses and consumers alike, and competitive pricing pressures could increase. Additionally, the disruption in the credit markets may also adversely affect the availability of financing to support our strategy for future growth through acquisitions. We are unable to predict the length or severity of the current economic conditions. A continuation or further deterioration of these economic factors may have a material and adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and liquidity, and the liquidity and financial condition of our customers, including our ability to refinance maturing liabilities and access the capital markets to meet liquidity needs.
We have significant foreign operations, which are subject to political, economic and other risks inherent in operating in foreign countries.
We are a multinational manufacturer and marketer of identification, tracking security, and merchandising solutions for the retail industry. We have significant operations outside of the U.S. We currently operate directly in 30 countries, and our international operations generate approximately 66% of our revenue. We expect net revenue generated outside of the U.S. to continue to represent a significant portion of total net revenue. Business operations outside of the U.S. are subject to political, economic and other risks inherent in operating in certain countries, such as:
Changes in the political or economic environments in the countries in which we operate, as well as the impact of economic conditions on underlying demand for our products could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Volatility in currency exchange rates and interest rates may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
We are exposed to a variety of market risks, including the effects of changes in currency exchange rates and interest rates. See Part 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Our net revenue derived from sales in non-U.S. markets is approximately 66% of our total net revenue, and we expect revenue from non-U.S. markets to continue to represent a significant portion of our net revenue. When the U.S. dollar strengthens in relation to the currencies of the foreign countries where we sell our products, our U.S. dollar reported revenue and income will decrease. Changes in the relative values of currencies occur regularly and, in some instances, may have a significant effect on our results of operations. Our financial statements reflect recalculations of items denominated in non-U.S. currencies to U.S. dollars, which is our functional currency.
We monitor these exposures as an integral part of our overall risk management program. In some cases, we enter into contracts to reduce the risks of currency fluctuations on short-term inter-company receivables and payables, and on projected future billings in non-functional currencies and use third-party borrowings in foreign currencies to hedge a portion of our net investments in, and cash flows derived from, our foreign subsidiaries. Nevertheless, changes in currency exchange rates and interest rates may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
Our business could be materially adversely affected as a result of lower than anticipated demand by retailers and other customers for our products, particularly in the current economic environment.
Our business is heavily dependent on the retail marketplace. Changes in the economic environment including the liquidity and financial condition of our customers or reductions in retailer spending could adversely affect our revenues and results of operations. In a period of decreased consumer spending, retailers could respond by reducing their spending on new store openings and loss prevention budgets. This reduction could directly impact our SMS business, as a reduction in new store openings will lower demand for SMS EAS systems and consumables and CheckView™ installations. Additionally, lower loss prevention budgets could reduce the amount retailers will be willing to spend to upgrade existing store technology. Label demand could also be impacted due to lower loss prevention budgets as retailers may reduce the percentage of items covered. In addition, our label volume increases as more items are sold through the retailer and lower demand decreases the volume related to the items tagged by the retailer. As retail sales volumes decline, label demand may also decline. A decrease in the demand for our products resulting from reduced spending by retailers due to fewer store openings, reduced loss prevention budgets and slower adoption of our new technology could have a material adverse effect on our revenues and results of operations.
Our business could be materially adversely affected as a result of slower commitments of retail customers to chain-wide installations and/or source tagging adoption or expansion.
Our revenues are dependent on our ability to maintain and increase our system installation base. The SMS EAS system installation base leads to additional revenues, which we term as “recurring revenues,” through the sale of maintenance services and SMS EAS consumables including sensor tags. In addition, we partner with manufacturers to include our sensor tags into the product during manufacturing, an approach known as source tagging.
The level of commitments for chain-wide installations may decline due to decreased consumer spending that then results in reduced spending on loss prevention by our retail customers, our failure to develop new technology that entices the customer to maintain their commitment to our loss prevention products and services, and competing technologies. A reduction in the commitment for chain-wide installations may also impact our ability to expand utilization of our source tagging program. A reduction in commitments to chain-wide installations and utilization of our source tagging program could have an adverse effect on our revenues and results of operations.
The markets we serve are highly competitive and we may be unable to compete effectively if we are unable to provide and market innovative and cost-effective products at competitive prices.
We face competition around the world, including competition from other large, multinational companies and other regional companies. Some of these companies may have substantially greater financial and other resources than the Company. We face competition in several aspects of our business. In the SMS EAS systems and Alpha S3 businesses and SMS EAS consumables business, we compete primarily on the basis of integrated security solutions and diversified, sophisticated, and quality product lines targeted at meeting the loss prevention needs of our retail customers. In our CheckView™ business, we compete primarily on the basis of efficient installation capability that is in place in North America. In the ALS business, we compete primarily on the capability to effectively and quickly deliver retail customer specified tags and labels to manufacturing sites in multiple countries. It is possible that our competitors will be able to offer additional products, services, lower prices, or other incentives that we cannot offer or that will make our products less profitable. It is also possible that our competitors will offer incentive programs or will market and advertise their products in a way that will impact customers’ preferences, and we may not be able to compete effectively.
We may be unable to anticipate the timing and scale of our competitors’ activities and initiatives, or we may be unable to successfully counteract them, which could harm our business. In addition, the cost of responding to our competitors’ activities may affect our financial performance in the relevant period. Our ability to compete also depends on our ability to attract and retain key talent, protect patent and trademark rights, and develop innovative and cost-effective products. A failure to compete effectively could adversely affect our growth and profitability.
Our long term success is largely dependent upon our ability to develop new technologies, and if we are unable to successfully develop those technologies, our business could be materially adversely affected.
Our growth depends on continued sales of existing products, as well as the successful development and introduction of new products, which face the uncertainty of retail and consumer acceptance and reaction from competitors. In addition, our ability to create new products and to sustain existing products is affected by whether we can:
The failure to develop and launch successful new products could hinder the growth of our business. Research and development for each of our operating segments is complex and uncertain and requires innovation and anticipation of market trends. Also, delay in the development or launch of a new product could compromise our competitive position, particularly if our competitors announce or introduce new products and services in advance of us.
An inability to acquire, protect or maintain our intellectual property and patents could harm our ability to compete or grow.
We have a number of patents that will expire in the next several years. Because our products involve complex technology and chemistry, we rely on protections of our intellectual property and proprietary information to maintain a competitive advantage. The expiration of these patents will reduce the barriers to entry into our existing lines of business and may result in loss of market share and a decrease in our competitive abilities, thus having a potential adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Our business could be materially adversely affected as a result of possible increases in per unit product manufacturing costs as a result of slowing economic conditions or other factors.
Our manufacturing capacity is designed to meet our current and future anticipated demands. If our product demand decreases as a result of economic conditions and other factors, it could increase our cost per unit. If an increase in our cost per unit is passed on to our customers, it may decrease our competitive position, which may have an adverse effect on our revenues and results of operations. If an increase in cost per unit is not passed on to our customers, it may reduce our gross margins, which may have an adverse effect on our results of operations. Our SMS EAS consumables and ALS manufacturing have various low price competitors globally. In order for us to maintain and improve our market position, we need to continuously monitor and seek to improve our manufacturing effectiveness while maintaining our high quality standard. If we are unsuccessful in our efforts to improve manufacturing and supply chain effectiveness, then our cost per unit may increase which could have an adverse impact on our results of operations.
If we cannot obtain sufficient quantities of raw materials and component parts required for our manufacturing activities at competitive prices and quality and on a timely basis, our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows may suffer.
We purchase materials and component parts from third parties for use in our manufacturing operations. Our ability to grow earnings will be affected by inflationary and other increases in the cost of component parts and raw materials, including electronic components, circuit boards, aluminum foil, resins, paper, and ferric chloride and hydrochloric acid solutions. Inflationary and other increases in the costs of raw materials, labor, and energy have occurred in the past and are expected to recur, and our performance depends in part on our ability to pass these cost increases on to customers in the prices for our products and to effect improvements in productivity. We may not be able to fully offset the effects of higher component parts and raw material costs through price increases, productivity improvements or cost reduction programs. If we cannot obtain sufficient quantities of these items at competitive prices and quality and on a timely basis, we may not be able to produce sufficient quantities of product to satisfy market demand, product shipments may be delayed, or our material or manufacturing costs may increase. A disruption to our supply chain could adversely affect our sales and profitability. Any of these problems could result in the loss of customers and revenue, provide an opportunity for competing products to gain market acceptance and otherwise adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
Possible increases in the payment time for receivables as a result of economic conditions or other market factors could have a material effect on our results from operations and anticipated cash from operating activities.
The majority of our customer base is in the retail marketplace. Although we have a rigorous process to administer credit granted to customers and believe our allowance for doubtful accounts is adequate, we have experienced, and in the future may experience, losses as a result of our inability to collect our accounts receivable. During the past several years, various retailers have experienced significant financial difficulties, which in some cases have resulted in bankruptcies, liquidations and store closings. The financial difficulties of a customer could result in reduced business with that customer. We may also assume higher credit risk relating to receivables of a customer experiencing financial difficulty. If these developments occur, our inability to shift sales to other customers or to collect on our trade accounts receivable from a major customer could substantially reduce our income and have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and cash flows from operating activities.
We have entered into a secured credit facility agreement that restricts certain activities, and failure to comply with this agreement may have an adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
We maintain a secured credit facility that contains restrictive financial covenants, including financial covenants that require us to comply with specified financial ratios. We may have to curtail some of our operations to comply with these covenants. In addition, our secured credit facility contains other affirmative and negative covenants that could restrict our operating and financing activities. These provisions limit our ability to, among other things, incur future indebtedness, contingent obligations or liens, guarantee indebtedness, make certain investments and capital expenditures, sell stock or assets and pay dividends, and consummate certain mergers or acquisitions. Because of the restrictions on our ability to create or assume liens, we may find it difficult to secure additional indebtedness if required. Furthermore, if we fail to comply with the secured credit facility requirements, we may be in default, and we may not be able to obtain the necessary amendments to the credit agreement or waivers of an event of default. Upon an event of default if the credit agreement is not amended or the event of default is not waived, the lender could declare all amounts outstanding, together with accrued interest, to be immediately due and payable. If this happens, we may not be able to make those payments or borrow sufficient funds from alternative sources to make those payments. Even if we were to obtain additional financing, that financing may be on unfavorable terms.
Changes in legislation or governmental regulations, policies or standards applicable to our products may have a significant impact on our ability to compete in our target markets.
We operate in regulated industries. Our U.S. operations are subject to regulation by federal, state, and local governmental agencies with respect to safety of operations and equipment, labor and employment matters, and financial responsibility. Our SMS EAS products are subject to FCC regulation, and our international operations are regulated by the countries in which they operate, including regulation of the Conformité Européene (CE) in Europe. Failure to comply with laws or regulations could result in substantial fines or revocation of our operating permits or licenses. If laws and regulations change and we fail to comply, our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows could be materially and adversely affected.
Our ability to implement cost reductions in field services, selling, general and administrative expenses, and our manufacturing and supply chain operations may have a significant impact on our business and future revenues and profits.
We have taken actions to rationalize our field service, improve our sales productivity, reduce our general and administrative expenses, and reconfigure our manufacturing and supply chain operations. Such rationalization actions require management judgment on the development of cost reduction strategies and precision on the execution of those strategies. We may not realize, in full or in part, the anticipated benefits from these initiatives, and other events and circumstances, such as difficulties, delays, or unexpected costs may occur, which could result in our not realizing all or any of the anticipated benefits. We also cannot predict whether we will realize improved operating performance as a result of any cost reduction strategies. Further, in the event the market continues to fluctuate, we may not have the appropriate level of resources and personnel to react to the change. We are also subject to the risk of business disruption in connection with our restructuring initiatives, which could have a material adverse effect on our business and future revenues and profits.
We continue to evaluate opportunities to restructure our business and rationalize our operations in an effort to optimize our cost structure and efficiencies. As a result of these evaluations, we may take similar rationalization steps in the future. Future actions could result in restructuring and related charges, including but not limited to workforce reduction costs and charges relating to consolidation of excess facilities that could be significant.
Our ability to integrate the acquisitions of the Alpha S3, SIDEP/Asialco, OATSystems and Brilliant businesses and to achieve our financial and operational goals for these businesses could have an impact on future revenues and profits.
We are in the process of integrating our OATSystems and Brilliant businesses into our operations. In 2007, we acquired the Alpha S3 business, and we continue to work to take advantage of the business opportunity to utilize our existing sales force to grow revenue. In 2007, we also acquired the SIDEP/Asialco business, and have been integrating that business to optimize worldwide manufacturing capabilities and improve the quality and profitability of the acquired product lines. In June 2008, we acquired OATSystems, which will facilitate complementary merchandise protection and inventory management applications solutions that will enable retailers and their supply chains to gain deeper inventory visibility. In August 2009, we acquired Brilliant, a Hong Kong and China-based manufacturer of woven and printed labels, which will allow us to strengthen and expand our core apparel labeling offering and provides us with additional capacity in a key geographical location. Brilliant’s woven and printed label manufacturing capabilities will establish us as a full range global supplier for the apparel labeling solutions business.
Various risks, uncertainties and costs are associated with the acquisitions. Effective integration of systems, key business processes, controls, objectives, personnel, management practices, product lines, markets, customers, supply chain operations, and production facilities can be difficult to achieve and the results are uncertain, particularly across our internationally diverse organization. We may not be able to retain key personnel of an acquired company and we may not be able to successfully execute integration strategies or achieve projected performance targets set for the business segment into which an acquired company is integrated. Our ability to execute the integration plans could have an impact on future revenues and profits and may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. There can be no assurance that these acquisitions or others will be successful and contribute to our profitability.
If we fail to manage our growth effectively, our business could be harmed.
Our strategy is to maximize value by achieving growth both organically and through acquisitions. Our ability to effectively manage and control any future growth may be limited. To manage any growth, our management must continue to improve our operational, information and financial systems, procedures and controls and expand, train, retain and manage our employees. If our systems, procedures and controls are inadequate to support our operations, any expansion could decrease or stop, and investors may lose confidence in our operations or financial results. If we are unable to manage growth effectively, our business and operating results could be adversely affected, and any failure to develop and maintain adequate internal controls over financial reporting could cause the trading price of our shares to decline substantially.
An impairment in the carrying value of goodwill or other assets could negatively affect our consolidated results of operations and net worth.
Pursuant to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, we are required to annually assess our goodwill, intangibles and other long-lived assets to determine if they are impaired. In addition, interim reviews must be performed whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that impairment may have occurred. If the testing performed indicates that impairment has occurred, we are required to record a non-cash impairment charge for the difference between the carrying value of the goodwill or other intangible assets and the implied fair value of the goodwill or other intangible assets in the period the determination is made. Disruptions to our business, end market conditions and protracted economic weakness, unexpected significant declines in operating results of reporting units, divestitures and market capitalization declines may result in additional charges for goodwill and other asset impairments. We have significant intangible assets, including goodwill with an indefinite life, which are susceptible to valuation adjustments as a result of changes in such factors and conditions. We assess the potential impairment of goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets on an annual basis, as well as when interim events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. We assess definite lived intangible assets when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.
Our 2009 annual impairment test indicated no impairment of our goodwill or intangible assets. Although our analysis regarding the fair values of the goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets indicates that they exceed their respective carrying values, materially different assumptions regarding the future performance of our businesses or significant declines in our stock price could result in additional goodwill impairment losses. Specifically, an unanticipated deterioration in revenues and gross margins generated by our Retail Merchandising Solutions segment could trigger future impairment in that segment. We also evaluate other assets on our balance sheet whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying value may not be recoverable. Materially different assumptions regarding the future performance of our businesses could result in significant asset impairment losses.
Our future results may be affected by various legal and regulatory proceedings.
We cannot predict with certainty the outcome of litigation matters, government proceedings and investigations, and other contingencies and uncertainties that may arise out of the conduct of our business, including matters relating to intellectual property, employment, commercial and other matters. Resolution of such matters can be prolonged and costly, and the ultimate results or judgments are uncertain due to the inherent uncertainty in litigation and other proceedings. Moreover, our potential liabilities are subject to change over time due to new developments, changes in settlement strategy or the impact of evidentiary requirements, and we may be required to pay fines, damage awards or settlements, or become subject to fines, damage awards or settlements, that could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and liquidity.
The failure to effectively maintain and upgrade our information systems could adversely affect our business.
Our business depends significantly on effective information systems, and we have many different information systems for our various businesses. Our information systems require an ongoing commitment of significant resources to maintain and enhance existing systems and develop new systems in order to keep pace with continuing changes in information processing technology, evolving industry and regulatory standards, and changing customer preferences. In addition, we may from time to time obtain significant portions of our systems-related or other services or facilities from independent third parties, which may make our operations vulnerable to such third parties’ failure to perform adequately. Our failure to maintain effective and efficient information systems, or our failure to efficiently and effectively consolidate our information systems to eliminate redundant or obsolete applications, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Additionally, any disruption or failure of such networks, systems, or other technology may disrupt our operations, cause customer dissatisfaction, and loss of customer revenues.
Risks generally associated with a company-wide implementation of an enterprise resource planning (ERP) system may adversely affect our business and results of operations or the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting.
We are preparing to implement a company-wide ERP system to handle the business and financial processes within our operations and corporate functions. ERP implementations are complex and time-consuming projects that involve substantial expenditures on system software and implementation activities that can continue for several years. ERP implementations also require transformation of business and financial processes in order to reap the benefits of the ERP system. Our business and results of operations may be adversely affected if we experience operating problems and/or cost overruns during the ERP implementation process or if the ERP system and the associated process changes, do not give rise to the benefits that we expect. Additionally, if we do not effectively implement the ERP system as planned or if the system does not operate as intended, it could adversely affect the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting.
As a global business, we have a relatively complex tax structure, and there is a risk that tax authorities will disagree with our tax positions.
Since we conduct operations worldwide through our foreign subsidiaries, we are subject to complex transfer pricing regulations in the countries in which we operate. Transfer pricing regulations generally require that, for tax purposes, transactions between us and our foreign affiliates be priced on a basis that would be comparable to an arm’s length transaction and that contemporaneous documentation be maintained to support the tax allocation. Although uniform transfer pricing standards are emerging in many of the countries in which we operate, there is still a relatively high degree of uncertainty and inherent subjectivity in complying with these rules. To the extent that any foreign tax authorities disagree with our transfer pricing policies, we could become subject to significant tax liabilities and penalties.
Our tax returns are subject to review by taxing authorities in the jurisdictions in which we operate. Although we believe that we have provided for all tax exposures, the ultimate outcome of a tax review could differ materially from our provisions.
We record a valuation allowance to reduce our deferred tax assets to the amount that it is more likely than not to be realized. Our assessments about the realizability of our deferred tax assets are based on estimates of our future taxable income by tax jurisdiction, the prudence and feasibility of possible tax planning strategies, and the economic environments in which we do business. Any changes in these assessments could have a material impact on our results of operations.
Our principal corporate offices are located at 101 Wolf Drive, Thorofare, New Jersey. As of December 27, 2009, we owned or leased approximately 2.7 million square feet of space worldwide which is used primarily for sales, distribution, manufacturing, and general administration. These facilities include offices located throughout North and South America, Europe, Asia, and Australia. Our principal manufacturing facilities are located in China, the Dominican Republic, Germany, Japan, Malaysia, the Netherlands, Puerto Rico, India, Hong Kong, Bangladesh, the U.K. and the U.S. We believe our current manufacturing capacity will support our needs for the foreseeable future.
We are involved in certain legal and regulatory actions, all of which have arisen in the ordinary course of business, except for the matters described in the following paragraphs. Management believes that the ultimate resolution of such matters is unlikely to have a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations and/or financial condition, except as described below.
Matter related to All-Tag Security S.A., et al
We originally filed suit on May 1, 2001, alleging that the disposable, deactivatable radio frequency security tag manufactured by All-Tag Security S.A. and All-Tag Security Americas, Inc.’s (jointly “All-Tag”) and sold by Sensormatic Electronics Corporation (Sensormatic) infringed on a U.S. Patent No. 4,876,555 (Patent) owned by us. On April 22, 2004, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania granted summary judgment to defendants All-Tag and Sensormatic on the ground that our Patent was invalid for incorrect inventorship. We appealed this decision. On June 20, 2005, we won an appeal when the Federal Circuit reversed the grant of summary judgment and remanded the case to the District Court for further proceedings. On January 29, 2007 the case went to trial, and on February 13, 2007, a jury found in favor of the defendants on infringement, the validity of the Patent and the enforceability of the Patent. On June 20, 2008, the Court entered judgment in favor of defendants based on the jury’s infringement and enforceability findings. On February 10, 2009, the Court granted defendants’ motions for attorneys’ fees under Section 285 of the Patent Statute. The district court will have to quantify the amount of attorneys’ fees to be awarded, but it is expected that defendants will request approximately $5.7 million plus interest. We recognized this amount during the fourth fiscal quarter ended December 28, 2008 in litigation settlements on the consolidated statement of operations. We intend to appeal any award of legal fees.
During 2009, we recorded $1.3 million of litigation expense related to the settlement of a dispute with a consultant for $0.9 million and the acquisition of a patent related to our Alpha business for $0.4 million. We purchased the patent for $1.7 million related to our Alpha business. A portion of this purchase price was attributable to use prior to the date of acquisition and as a result we recorded $0.4 million in litigation expense and $1.3 million in intangibles.
No matter was submitted during the fourth quarter of 2009 to a vote of stockholders.
Item 5. MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the symbol CKP. The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low sale prices for our common stock as reported on the NYSE Composite Tape.
Holders of Record
As of February 12, 2010, there were 646 holders of record of our common stock.
We have never paid a cash dividend on our common stock (except for a nominal cash distribution in April 1997 to redeem the rights outstanding under our 1988 Shareholders’ Rights Plan). We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the near future. We have retained, and expect to continue to retain, our earnings for reinvestment into the business. The declaration and payment of dividends in the future, and their amounts, will be determined by the Board of Directors in light of conditions then existing, including our earnings, our financial condition and business requirements (including working capital needs), and other factors.
Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
There has been no sale of unregistered securities in fiscal years 2009, 2008 or 2007.
Equity Compensation Plan Information
The following table sets forth our shares authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plan at December 27, 2009:
(1) Includes stock options and performance based restricted stock units.
(2) Inducement options granted to newly elected President and CEO of Checkpoint in connection with his hire in fiscal year 2007.
STOCK PERFORMANCE GRAPH
The following graph compares the cumulative total shareholder return on the Common Stock of the Company for the period beginning December 26, 2004 and ending on December 27, 2009, with the cumulative total return on the Center for Research in Security Prices Index (CRSP Index) for NYSE/AMEX/NASDAQ Stock market, and the CRSP Index for NASDAQ Electronic Components and Accessories, assuming the investment of $100 in the Company’s Stock, the CRSP Index for NYSE/AMEX/NASDAQ Stock market, and the CRSP Index for NASDAQ Electronic Components and Accessories and the reinvestment of all dividends.
This Stock Performance Graph shall not be deemed incorporated by reference by any general statement incorporating by reference this annual report into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, except to the extent that the Company specifically incorporates this information by reference, and shall not otherwise be deemed filed under such Acts.
Comparison of 5 Year Cumulative Total Return
Assumes Initial Investment of $100
The following tables set forth our selected financial data and should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included elsewhere herein.
(dollar amounts are in thousands except per share amounts)
The following section highlights significant factors impacting the consolidated operations and financial condition of the Company and its subsidiaries. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with Item 6. “Selected Financial Data” and Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.”
We are a multinational manufacturer and marketer of identification, tracking, security and merchandising solutions primarily for the retail industry. We provide technology-driven integrated supply chain solutions to brand, track, and secure goods for retailers and consumer product manufacturers worldwide. We are a leading provider of, and earn revenues primarily from the sale of, electronic article surveillance (EAS), custom tags and labels (Apparel Labeling Solutions), store monitoring solutions (CheckView™), hand-held labeling systems (HLS), retail merchandising systems (RMS), and radio frequency identification (RFID) systems and software. Applications of these products include primarily retail security, asset and merchandise visibility, automatic identification, and pricing and promotional labels and signage. Operating directly in 30 countries, we have a global network of subsidiaries and distributors and provide customer service and technical support around the world.
Our results are heavily dependent upon sales to the retail market. Our customers are dependent upon retail sales, which are susceptible to economic cycles and seasonal fluctuations. Furthermore, as approximately two-thirds of our revenues and operations are located outside the U.S., fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates have a significant impact on reported results.
Historically, we have reported our results of operations into three segments: Shrink Management Solutions, Intelligent Labels, and Retail Merchandising. During the first quarter of 2009, resulting from a change in our management structure, we began reporting our segments into three new segments: Shrink Management Solutions, Apparel Labeling Solutions, and Retail Merchandising Solutions. Fiscal years 2008 and 2007 have been conformed to reflect the segment change. The margins for each of the segments and the identifiable assets attributable to each reporting segment are set forth in Note 19 “Business Segments and Geographic Information” to the consolidated financial statements. Shrink Management Solutions now includes results of our EAS labels and library businesses. Apparel Labeling Solutions, formerly referred to as Check-Net®, includes tag and label solutions sold to apparel manufacturers and retailers, which leverage our graphic and design expertise, strategically located service bureaus, and our Check-Net® e-commerce capabilities. Our apparel labeling services, coupled with our EAS and RFID capabilities, provide a combination of apparel branding and identification with loss prevention and supply chain visibility. There were no changes to the Retail Merchandising Solutions segment.
Our business has been impacted by the unprecedented credit crisis and on-going softening of the global economic environment. In response to these market conditions, we continue to focus on providing customers with innovative products that will be valuable in addressing shrink, which is particularly important during a difficult economic environment. We have also implemented initiatives to reduce costs and improve working capital to mitigate the effects of the economy on our business. We believe that the strength of our core business and our ability to generate positive cash flow will sustain us through this challenging period.
During 2009, we initiated a plan focused on reducing our overall operating expenses by consolidating certain administrative functions to improve efficiencies. The first phase of this plan was implemented in the fourth quarter of 2009. The total anticipated costs related to the first phase of the plan are $3.1 million of which $2.8 million were incurred during 2009. The remaining stages of the plan will not be finalized until 2010, at which time further details and cost impacts will be disclosed.
In August 2008, we announced a manufacturing and supply chain restructuring program designed to accelerate profitable growth in our ALS business and to support incremental improvements in our EAS systems and labels businesses. We anticipate this program to result in total restructuring charges of approximately $3 million to $4 million, or $0.06 to $0.08 per diluted share. We continue to expect implementation of this program to be complete in 2010 and to result in annualized cost savings of approximately $6 million.
In July 2009, we entered into an agreement to purchase the business of Brilliant, a China-based manufacturer of woven and printed labels, and settled the acquisition in August 2009. The financial statements reflect the preliminary allocations of the Brilliant purchase price based on estimated fair values at the date of acquisition. The allocation of the purchase price remains open for certain information related to deferred income taxes and is expected to be completed during the first half of 2010. The results from the acquisition and related goodwill are included in the Apparel Labeling Solutions segment. This acquisition will allow us to strengthen and expand our core apparel labeling offering and provides us with additional capacity in a key geographical location. Brilliant’s woven and printed label manufacturing capabilities will establish us as a full range global supplier for the apparel labeling solutions business.
Future financial results will be dependent upon our ability to expand the functionality of our existing product lines, develop or acquire new products for sale through our global distribution channels, convert new large chain retailers to our solutions for shrink management, merchandise visibility and apparel labeling, and reduce the cost of our products and infrastructure to respond to competitive pricing pressures.
Our base of recurring revenue (revenues from the sale of consumables into the installed base of security systems, apparel tags and labels, and hand-held labeling tools and services from monitoring and maintenance), repeat customer business, and our borrowing capacity should provide us with adequate cash flow and liquidity to execute our business plan.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities.
Note 1 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements describes the significant accounting policies used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements. Certain of these significant accounting policies are considered to be critical accounting policies. A critical accounting policy is defined as one that is both material to the presentation of our consolidated financial statements and requires management to make difficult, subjective or complex judgments that could have a material effect on our financial condition or results of operations.
Specifically, these policies have the following attributes: (1) we are required to make assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain at the time of the estimate; and (2) different estimates we could reasonably have used, or changes in the estimate that are reasonably likely to occur, would have a material effect on our financial condition or results of operations. Estimates and assumptions about future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions believed to be applicable and reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates may change as new events occur, as additional information is obtained and as our operating environment changes. These changes have historically been minor and have been included in the consolidated financial statements as soon as they became known. Senior management reviews the development and selection of our accounting policies and estimates with the Audit Committee. The critical accounting policies have been consistently applied throughout the accompanying financial statements.
We believe the following accounting policies are critical to the preparation of our consolidated financial statements:
Revenue Recognition.> We recognize revenue when revenue is realized or realizable and earned. Revenue is realized or realizable and earned when all of the following criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; the price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; and collectability is reasonably assured. We enter into contracts to sell our products and services, and, while the majority of our sales agreements contain standard terms and conditions, there are agreements that contain multiple elements or non-standard terms and conditions. As a result, significant contract interpretation is sometimes required to determine the appropriate accounting, including whether the deliverables specified in a multiple element arrangement should be treated as separate units of accounting for revenue recognition purposes, and, if so, how the price should be allocated among the elements and when to recognize revenue for each element. Unearned revenue is recorded when payments are received in advance of performing our service obligations and is recognized over the service period.
For arrangements with multiple elements, we determine the fair value of each element and then allocate the total arrangement consideration among the separate elements. We recognize revenue when installation is complete or other post-shipment obligations have been satisfied. Equipment leased to customers under sales-type leases is accounted for as the equivalent of a sale. The present value of such lease revenues is recorded as net revenues, and the related cost of the equipment is charged to cost of revenues. The deferred finance charges applicable to these leases are recognized over the terms of the leases. Rental revenue from equipment under operating leases is recognized over the term of the lease. Installation revenue from SMS EAS equipment is recognized when the systems are installed. Service revenue is recognized, for service contracts, on a straight-line basis over the contractual period, and, for non-contract work, as services are performed. Revenues from software license agreements are recognized when persuasive evidence of an agreement exists, delivery of the product has occurred, no significant vendor obligations are remaining to be fulfilled, the fee is fixed and determinable, and collection is probable. Revenue from software contracts for both licenses and professional services that require significant production, modification, customization, or implementation are recognized together using the percentage of completion method based upon the ratio of labor incurred to total estimated labor to complete each contract. In instances where there is a term license combined with services, revenue is recognized ratably over the term. We record estimated reductions to revenue for customer incentive offerings, including volume-based incentives and rebates. We record revenues net of an allowance for estimated return activities. Return activity was immaterial to revenue and results of operations for all periods presented.
We believe the following judgments and estimates have a significant effect on our consolidated financial statements:
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.> We maintain allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. These allowances are based on specific facts and circumstances surrounding individual customers as well as our historical experience. The adequacy of the reserves for doubtful accounts is continually assessed by periodically evaluating each customer’s receivable balance, considering our customers’ financial condition and credit history, and considering current economic conditions. Historically, our reserves have been adequate to cover all losses associated with doubtful accounts. If the financial condition of our customers were to deteriorate, impairing their ability to make payments, additional allowances may be required. If economic or political conditions were to change in the countries where we do business, it could have a significant impact on the results of operations, and our ability to realize the full value of our accounts receivable. Furthermore, we are dependent on customers in the retail markets. Economic difficulties experienced in those markets could have a significant impact on our results of operations and our ability to realize the full value of our accounts receivables. If our historical experiences changed by 10%, it would require an increase or decrease of $0.3 million to our reserve.
Inventory Valuation.> We write down our inventory for estimated obsolescence or unmarketable items equal to the difference between the cost of the inventory and the estimated net realizable value based upon assumptions of future demand and market conditions. If actual market conditions are less favorable than those projected by management, additional inventory write-downs may be required. If our estimates were to change by 10%, it would cause a change in inventory value of $0.7 million.
Valuation of Long-lived Assets.> Our long-lived assets include property, plant, and equipment, goodwill, and identified intangible assets. With the exception of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, long-lived assets are depreciated or amortized over their estimated useful lives, and are reviewed for impairment whenever changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. Recoverability is determined based upon our estimates of future undiscounted cash flows. If the carrying value is determined to be not recoverable an impairment charge would be necessary to reduce the recorded value of the assets to their fair value. The fair value of the long-lived assets other than goodwill is based upon appraisals, quoted market prices of similar assets, or discounted cash flows.
Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are subject to tests for impairment at least annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be recoverable. We test for impairment on an annual basis as of fiscal month end October of each fiscal year, relying on a number of factors including operating results, business plans, and anticipated future cash flows. Our management uses its judgment in assessing whether goodwill has become impaired between annual impairment tests. Reporting units are primarily determined as the geographic areas comprising our business segments, except in situations when aggregation of the reporting units is appropriate. Recoverability of goodwill is evaluated using a two-step process. The first step involves a comparison of the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying value. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds the fair value, then the second step of the process involves a comparison of the implied fair value and carrying value of the goodwill of that reporting unit. If the carrying value of the goodwill of a reporting unit exceeds the fair value of that goodwill, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to the excess.
The implied fair value of our reporting units is dependent upon our estimate of future discounted cash flows and other factors. Our estimates of future cash flows include assumptions concerning future operating performance and economic conditions and may differ from actual future cash flows. Estimated future cash flows are adjusted by an appropriate discount rate derived from our market capitalization plus a suitable control premium at the date of evaluation. The financial and credit market volatility directly impacts our fair value measurement through our weighted average cost of capital that we use to determine our discount rate and through our stock price that we use to determine our market capitalization. Therefore, changes in the stock price may also affect the result of the impairment test. Market capitalization is determined by multiplying the shares outstanding on the assessment date by the average market price of our common stock over a 30-day period before each assessment date. We use this 30-day duration to consider inherent market fluctuations that may affect any individual closing price. We believe that our market capitalization alone does not fully capture the fair value of our business as a whole, or the substantial value that an acquirer would obtain from its ability to obtain control of our business. As such, in determining fair value, we add a control premium to our market capitalization. To estimate the control premium, we considered our unique competitive advantages that would likely provide synergies to a market participant.
We have not made any material changes in the methodology used in the assessment of whether or not goodwill is impaired during the past three fiscal years. Determining the fair value of a reporting unit is a matter of judgment and often involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions. The use of different assumptions would increase or decrease estimated discounted future cash flows and could increase or decrease an impairment charge. If the use of these assets or the projections of future cash flows change in the future, we may be required to record impairment charges. An erosion of future business results in any of the business units could create impairment in goodwill or other long-lived assets and require a significant charge in future periods. Specifically, an unanticipated deterioration in revenues and gross margins generated by our Retail Merchandising Solutions segment could trigger future impairment in that segment. (See Notes 1 and 5 of the Consolidated Financial Statements.)
Income Taxes.> In determining income for financial statement purposes, we must make certain estimates and judgments. These estimates and judgments affect the calculation of certain tax liabilities and the determination of recoverability of certain of the deferred tax assets, which arise from temporary differences between tax and financial statement recognition of revenue and expense. We record a valuation allowance to reduce our deferred tax assets to the amount that it is more likely than not to be realized. In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, we consider future taxable income by tax jurisdictions and tax planning strategies. If we were to determine that we would be able to realize deferred tax assets in the future in excess of the net recorded amount, an adjustment to the valuation allowance would increase income in the period such determination was made. Likewise, should we determine that we would not be able to realize all or part of our net deferred tax assets in the future, an adjustment to the valuation allowance would decrease income in the period such determination was made. (See Note 13 of the Consolidated Financial Statements.)
Changes in tax laws and rates could also affect recorded deferred tax assets and liabilities in the future. We are not aware of any such changes that would have a material effect on our results of operations, cash flows or financial position.
In addition, the calculation of our tax liabilities involves dealing with uncertainties in the application of complex tax regulations in a multitude of jurisdictions across our global operations. We record tax liabilities for the anticipated settlement of tax audit issues in the U.S. and other tax jurisdictions based on our estimate of whether, and the extent to which, additional taxes will be due. Our income tax expense includes amounts intended to satisfy income tax assessments that result from these audit issues. Determining the income tax expense for these potential assessments and recording the related assets and liabilities requires management judgments and estimates. Due to the complexity of some of these uncertainties, the ultimate resolution may result in a payment that is different from our estimate of tax liabilities. If payment of these amounts ultimately proves to be greater or less than the recorded amounts, the change of the liabilities would result in tax expense or benefit being recognized in that period. We evaluate our uncertain tax positions and believe that our reserve for uncertain tax positions, including related interest, is adequate.
Pension Plans.> We have various unfunded pension plans outside the U.S. These plans have significant pension costs and liabilities that are developed from actuarial valuations. Inherent in these valuations are key assumptions including discount rates, expected return on plan assets, mortality rates, and merit and promotion increases. We are required to consider current market conditions, including changes in interest rates, in selecting these assumptions. Changes in the related pension costs or liabilities may occur in the future due to changes in the assumptions. A change in discount rates of 0.25% would have less than a $0.1 million effect on pension expense.
Stock Compensation.> We recognize stock-based compensation expense for all share-based payment awards net of an estimated forfeiture rate and only recognize compensation cost for those shares expected to vest. Stock compensation expense is recognized for all share-based payments on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award.
Determining the fair value of share-based payment awards requires the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the expected life of the share-based payment awards and stock price volatility. The assumptions used in calculating the fair value of share-based payment awards represent management’s best estimates, but these estimates involve inherent uncertainties and the application of management judgment. As a result, if factors change and we use different assumptions, our share-based compensation expense could be materially different in the future. In addition, we are required to estimate the expected forfeiture rate and only recognize expense for those shares expected to vest. If our actual forfeiture rate is materially different from our estimate, the share-based compensation expense could be significantly different from what we have recorded in the current period. A change in the estimated forfeiture rate of 10% would have a $0.2 million effect on stock compensation expense. As of December 27, 2009, there was $3.0 million and $2.8 million of unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to nonvested stock options and restricted stock units, respectively. Such costs are expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.7 years and 1.6 years, respectively. (See Note 8 to the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements for further discussion on share-based compensation.)
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our liquidity needs have related to, and are expected to continue to relate to, acquisitions, capital investments, product development costs, potential future restructuring related to the rationalization of the business, and working capital requirements. We have met our liquidity needs primarily through cash generated from operations. Based on an analysis of liquidity utilizing conservative assumptions for the next twelve months, we believe that cash provided from operating activities and funding available under our credit agreements should be adequate to service debt and working capital needs, meet our capital investment requirements, other potential restructuring requirements, and product development requirements.
The recent financial and credit crisis has reduced credit availability and liquidity for many companies. We believe, however, that the strength of our core business, cash position, access to credit markets, and our ability to generate positive cash flow will sustain us through this challenging period. We are working to reduce our liquidity risk by accelerating efforts to improve working capital while reducing expenses in areas that will not adversely impact the future potential of our business. Additionally, we have increased our monitoring of counterparty risk. We evaluate the creditworthiness of all existing and potential counterparties for all debt, investment, and derivative transactions and instruments. Our policy allows us to enter into transactions with nationally recognized financial institutions with a credit rating of “A” or higher as reported by one of the credit rating agencies that is a nationally recognized statistical rating organization by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. The maximum exposure permitted to any single counterparty is $50.0 million. Counterparty credit ratings and credit exposure are monitored monthly and reviewed quarterly by our Treasury Risk Committee.
As of December 27, 2009, our cash and cash equivalents were $162.1 million compared to $132.2 million as of December 28, 2008. Cash and cash equivalents increased in 2009 primarily due to $114.8 million of cash provided by operating activities, partially offset by $50.3 million of cash used in financing activities and $38.6 million of cash used in investing activities. Cash from operating activities improved $37.6 million in 2009 compared to 2008, primarily due to improvements in accounts receivable and inventory management, and increased earnings. The improvement in accounts receivable in 2009 resulted primarily from a concentrated effort to improve working capital through enhanced collection efforts. The improvement in inventory was primarily the result of improved inventory management, which resulted in lower inventory levels. Cash used in investing activities was $16.1 million less in 2009 compared to 2008. This was due primarily to the amount paid for the acquisitions of OATSystems, Inc. and Security Corporation, Inc. in 2008, which was partially offset by the amount paid for Brilliant in 2009, and a decrease in the acquisitions of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets in 2009. Cash used in financing activities was $45.9 million greater in 2009 compared to 2008. This was due primarily to a $23 million payment to retire the senior unsecured multi-currency credit facility, a $23 million payment to reduce the Secured Credit Facility, and $15.5 million in payments to reduce the debt acquired in the Brilliant acquisition, coupled with an increase in borrowings in 2008 that were used to finance our stock repurchase program and OATSystems, Inc. acquisition. The increase in cash used in financing activities was partially offset by $13.3 million of new factoring arrangements in Europe during 2009.
Our percentage of total debt to total equity as of December 27, 2009, was 21.1% compared to 28.8% as of December 28, 2008. As of December 27, 2009, our working capital was $241.8 million compared to $282.8 million as of December 28, 2008.
We continue to reinvest in the Company through our investment in technology and process improvement. During 2009, our investment in research and development amounted to $20.4 million, as compared to $22.6 million in 2008. These amounts are reflected in the cash generated from operations, as we expense our research and development as it is incurred. In 2010, we anticipate spending of approximately $21 million on research and development to support achievement of our strategic plan.
We have various unfunded pension plans outside the U.S. These plans have significant pension costs and liabilities that are developed from actuarial valuations. For fiscal 2009, our contribution to these plans was $4.6 million. Our funding expectation for 2010 is $5.2 million. We believe our current cash position, cash generated from operations, and the availability of cash under our revolving line of credit will be adequate to fund these requirements. The Contractual Obligation table details our anticipated funding requirements related to pension obligations for the next ten years.
Acquisition of property, plant, and equipment and intangibles during 2009 totaled $13.8 million compared to $15.2 million during 2008. During 2009, our acquisition of property, plant, and equipment and intangibles consisted of $12.5 million of capital expenditures and $1.3 million was related to the purchase of a patent. We anticipate our capital expenditures, used primarily to upgrade information technology and improve our production capabilities, to approximate $32 million in 2010.
In July 2009, we entered into an agreement to purchase the business of Brilliant, a China-based manufacturer of woven and printed labels, and settled the acquisition on August 14, 2009 for approximately $38.3 million, including cash acquired of $0.6 million and the assumption of debt of $19.6 million. The payment to acquire Brilliant is reflected in the acquisition of businesses line within investing activities on the consolidated statement of cash flows. During 2009, $15.5 million of debt payments were made and consisted of $6.8 million of the current portion of long-term debt, $5.1 million in factoring payments, $2.8 million of bank overdraft payments, and $0.8 million of term loans. All payments are included in the cash used in financing activities section of our consolidated statement of cash flows.
Our Brilliant business has variable interest rate full-recourse factoring arrangements of accounts receivable with a maximum limit of $3.2 million (HKD 25.0 million) and totaled $1.4 million (HKD 10.9 million) as of December 27, 2009. The arrangements are secured by trade receivables as well as a fixed cash deposit of $0.6 million (HKD 5.0 million). The arrangement bears interest of HKD Prime Rate + 1.00%. On December 27, 2009, the interest rate was 6.00%. The secured cash deposit is recorded within restricted cash in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The factoring arrangement is included in short-term borrowings in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Factoring payments are included in the cash used in financing activities section of our consolidated statement of cash flows.
Our Brilliant business has term loans that totaled $1.1 million (RMB 7.2 million) on December 27, 2009. The interest rates range from 4.89% to 5.90%. The term loans mature at various times through July 2010. The term loans are collateralized by land and buildings with an aggregate carrying value of $13.1 million as of December 27, 2009. Term loan payments are included in the cash used in financing activities section of our consolidated statement of cash flows.
The remaining $1.6 million of Brilliant debt is related to capital leases which mature at various dates through 2014. Capital lease payments are included in the cash used in financing activities section of our consolidated statement of cash flows.
In June 2008, we purchased the business of OATSystems, Inc., a privately held company, for approximately $37.2 million, net of cash acquired of $0.9 million, and including the assumption of $3.2 million of OATSystems, Inc. debt. The transaction was paid in cash. Additionally, we acquired $1.3 million in liabilities.
In January 2008, we purchased the business of Security Corporation, Inc., a privately held company, for $7.9 million plus $1.0 million of liabilities acquired. The transaction was paid in cash.
On November 1, 2007, Checkpoint Systems, Inc. and one of its direct subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) and Alpha Security Products, Inc. and one of its direct subsidiaries (collectively, “the Seller”) entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement and a Dutch Assets Sale and Transfer Agreement (collectively, the “Agreements”) under which we purchased all of the assets of Alpha’s S3 business (the “Acquisition”) for approximately $142 million, subject to a post-closing working capital adjustment, plus additional performance-based contingent payments up to a maximum of $8 million plus interest thereon. The purchase price was funded by $67 million of cash and $75 million of borrowings under our senior unsecured credit facility. Subject to the Agreements, contingent payments were earned if the revenue derived from the S3 business exceeded $70 million during the period from December 31, 2007, until December 28, 2008. In the event that the revenue derived from the S3 business exceeded $83 million during such period, the Seller was entitled to a maximum payment of $8 million. During the fourth fiscal quarter ended December 28, 2008, revenues for the S3 business exceeded the minimum contingency payment thresholds. An accrual of $6.8 million was recognized at December 28, 2008 for the contingent payment, with a corresponding increase to goodwill recorded on the acquisition. The payment of $6.8 million was made during the first quarter of 2009, and is reflected in the acquisition of businesses line within investing activities on the consolidated statement of cash flows.
During the second quarter of 2009, our outstanding Asialco loans were paid down and a loan was renewed in April 2009 for a 12 month period. As of December 27, 2009, our outstanding Asialco loan balance is $3.7 million (RMB25 million) and has a maturity date of April 2010. The loan is included in short-term borrowings in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Upon maturity of the Asialco loans, we intend to renew the outstanding borrowings for a period of one year.
In August 2009, $8.5 million (¥800 million) was paid in order to extinguish our existing Japanese local line of credit. The line of credit was included in short-term borrowings in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of December 28, 2008.
In September 2009, we entered into a new Japanese local line of credit for $6.5 million (¥600 million). As of December 27, 2009, the Japanese local line of credit is $6.6 million (¥600 million) and is fully drawn. The line of credit matures in September 2010 and was included in short-term borrowings in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of December 27, 2009.
In October 2009, we entered into a $12.0 million (€8.0 million) full-recourse factoring arrangement. The arrangement is secured by trade receivables. Borrowings bear interest at rates of EURIBOR plus a margin of 3.00%. At December 27, 2009, the interest rate was 3.70%. As of December 27, 2009, the factoring arrangement had a balance of $10.7 million (€7.4 million) and was included in short-term borrowings in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet since the agreement expires in October 2010.
On April 30, 2009, we entered into a new $125.0 million three-year senior secured multi-currency revolving credit agreement (the “Secured Credit Facility”) with a syndicate of lenders. The Secured Credit Facility replaces the $150.0 million senior unsecured multi-currency credit facility (the “Senior Unsecured Credit Facility”) arranged in December 2005. Prior to entering into the Secured Credit Facility, $23.0 million of the Senior Unsecured Credit Facility was paid down during the second quarter of 2009. We paid fees of $4.0 million to enter into the Secured Credit Facility, which were capitalized as deferred debt issuance costs and are amortized over the term of the agreement.
The Secured Credit Facility also includes an expansion option that gives us the right to increase the aggregate revolving commitment by an amount up to $50 million, for a potential total commitment of $175 million. The expansion option allows the additional $50 million in increments of $25 million based upon consolidated earnings before interest, taxes, and depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) on June 28, 2009 and December 27, 2009, respectively. Based on our consolidated EBITDA at December 27, 2009, we qualified to request the $50 million expansion option for a total potential commitment of $175 million. We did not elect to request the $50 million expansion option at December 27, 2009.
Borrowings under the Secured Credit Facility bear interest at rates of LIBOR plus an applicable margin ranging from 2.50% to 3.75% and/or prime plus 1.50% to 2.75% based on our leverage ratio of consolidated funded debt to EBITDA. Under the Secured Credit Facility, we pay an unused line fee ranging from 0.30% to 0.75% per annum on the unused portion of the commitment. Our availability under the Secured Credit Facility will be reduced by letters of credit of up to $25 million, of which $1.4 million are outstanding at December 27, 2009. There are no other restrictions on our ability to draw down on the available portion of our Secured Credit Facility.
The Secured Credit Facility contains covenants that include requirements for a maximum debt to EBITDA ratio of 2.75, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.25 as well as other affirmative and negative covenants. As of December 27, 2009, we were in compliance with all covenants. Based upon our projections, we do not anticipate any issues with meeting our existing debt covenants over the next twelve months.
In December 2009, we entered into new full-recourse factoring arrangements. The arrangements are secured by trade receivables. We received a weighted average of 92.4% of the face amount of receivables that it desired to sell and the bank agreed, at its discretion, to buy. As of December 27, 2009, the factoring arrangement had a balance of $2.4 million (€1.7 million), of which $0.5 million (€0.4 million) was included in short-term borrowings and $1.9 million (€1.3 million) was included in long-term borrowings in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets since the receivables are collectable through 2016.
We have never paid a cash dividend (except for a nominal cash distribution in April 1997 to redeem the rights outstanding under our 1988 Shareholders’ Rights Plan). We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the near future.
As we continue to implement our strategic plan in a volatile global economic environment, our focus will remain on operating our business in a manner that addresses the reality of the current economic marketplace without sacrificing the capability to effectively execute our strategy when economic conditions and the retail environment stabilize. Based upon an analysis of liquidity using our current forecast, management believes that our anticipated cash needs can be funded from cash and cash equivalents on hand, the availability of cash under the new $125.0 million Secured Credit Facility and cash generated from future operations over the next twelve months.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We do not utilize material off-balance sheet arrangements apart from operating leases that have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenue or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources. We use operating leases as an alternative to purchasing certain property, plant, and equipment. Our future rental commitment under all non-cancelable operating leases was $38.1 million as of December 27, 2009. The scheduled timing of these rental commitments is detailed in our “Contractual Obligations” section.
Our contractual obligations and commercial commitments at December 27, 2009 are summarized below:
The table above excludes our gross liability for uncertain tax positions, including accrued interest and penalties, which totaled $21.3 million as of December 27, 2009, since we cannot predict with reasonable reliability the timing of cash settlements to the respective taxing authorities.
We maintain several defined benefit pension plans, principally in Europe. The majority of these pension plans are unfunded. Our pension expense for 2009, 2008, and 2007 was $5.7 million, $5.7 million, and $5.5 million, respectively. Included in pension expense in 2008 and 2007 is a pension settlement of $37 thousand and $0.5 million, respectively.
We review our pension assumptions annually. Our assumptions for the year ended December 27, 2009, were a discount rate of 5.75%, an expected return of 3.75% and an expected rate of increase in future compensation of 2.77%. In developing the discount rate assumption for each country, we use a yield curve approach. The yield curve is based on the AA rated bonds underlying the Barclays Capital corporate bond index. As of December 27, 2009, and December 28, 2008, the weighted average discount rate was 5.77% in 2009 and 5.75%, respectively. We calculate the weighted average duration of the plans in each country, and then select the discount rate from the appropriate yield curve which best corresponds to the plans' liability profile. The expected rate of the return was developed using the historical rate of returns of the foreign government bonds currently held.
As of December 31, 2006, we recognized previously unrecognized losses into the accrued pension liability with an offsetting charge to accumulated other comprehensive income. The total amount recognized for losses in accumulated other comprehensive income as of December 31, 2006 was $14.7 million. As of December 25, 2005, these amounts were unrecognized and amounted to $14.5 million. The primary component of the unrecognized losses are actuarial losses, a transition obligation, and prior period service costs. The change in actuary losses during 2008 was attributable to changes in the discount rate as the bond yields have increased. Unrecognized losses are amortized over the average remaining service period of the employees expected to receive the benefit in accordance with pension accounting rules. The weighted average remaining service period is approximately 13 years. The impact of recognizing the actuarial gains on 2009, 2008, and 2007 pension expense are $0.1 million, $0.1 million, and $0.6 million, respectively. The total projected amortization for these gains in 2010 is approximately $0.1 million.
Exposure to Foreign Currency
We manufacture products in the USA, the Caribbean, Europe, and the Asia Pacific region for both the local marketplace, and for export to our foreign subsidiaries. The subsidiaries, in turn, sell these products to customers in their respective geographic areas of operation, generally in local currencies. This method of sale and resale gives rise to the risk of gains or losses as a result of currency exchange rate fluctuations on inter-company receivables and payables. Additionally, the sourcing of product in one currency and the sales of product in a different currency can cause gross margin fluctuations due to changes in currency exchange rates.
We selectively purchase currency forward exchange contracts to reduce the risks of currency fluctuations on short-term inter-company receivables and payables. These contracts guarantee a predetermined exchange rate at the time the contract is purchased. This allows us to shift the effect of positive or negative currency fluctuations to a third party. Transaction gains or losses resulting from these contracts are recognized at the end of each reporting period. We use the fair value method of accounting, recording realized and unrealized gains and losses on these contracts. These gains and losses are included in other gain (loss), net on our consolidated statements of operations. As of December 27, 2009, we had currency forward exchange contracts with notional amounts totaling approximately $15.5 million. The fair values of the forward exchange contracts were reflected as a $0.1 million asset and $0.2 million liability and are included in other current assets and other current liabilities in the accompanying balance sheets. The contracts are in the various local currencies covering primarily our operations in the USA, the Caribbean, and Western Europe. Historically, we have not purchased currency forward exchange contracts where it is not economically efficient, specifically for our operations in South America and Asia, with the exception of Japan.
During the second quarter of 2007, we entered into a foreign currency option contract, at a notional amount of €5 million, to mitigate the effect of fluctuating foreign exchange rates on the reporting of a portion of its expected 2007 foreign currency denominated earnings. Changes in the fair value of this foreign currency option contract, which is not designated as a hedge, are recorded in earnings immediately. The premium paid on the option contract was $73,000. The foreign currency option contract expired on December 28, 2007. The fair market value on this option at the expiration date was zero.
Beginning in the second quarter of 2008, we entered into various foreign currency contracts to reduce our exposure to forecasted Euro-denominated inter-company revenues. These contracts were designated as cash flow hedges. The foreign currency contracts mature at various dates from January 2010 to September 2010. The purpose of these cash flow hedges is to eliminate the currency risk associated with Euro-denominated forecasted inter-company revenues due to changes in exchange rates. These cash flow hedging instruments are marked to market and the changes are recorded in other comprehensive income. Amounts recorded in other comprehensive income are recognized in cost of goods sold as the inventory is sold to external parties. Any hedge ineffectiveness is charged to other gain (loss), net on our consolidated statements of operations. As of December 27, 2009, the fair value of these cash flow hedges were reflected as a $0.3 million asset and a $0.1 million liability and are included in other current assets and other current liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The total notional amount of these hedges is $18.3 million (€12.6 million) and the unrealized loss recorded in other comprehensive income was $0.2 million (net of taxes of $4 thousand), of which the full amount is expected to be reclassified to earnings over the next twelve months. During the year ended December 27, 2009, a $1.7 million benefit related to these foreign currency hedges was recorded to cost of goods sold as the inventory was sold to external parties. We recognized an $8 thousand loss during the year ended December 27, 2009 for hedge ineffectiveness.
During the first quarter of 2008, we entered into an interest rate swap agreement with a notional amount of $40 million and a maturity date of February 18, 2010. The purpose of this interest rate swap agreement is to hedge potential changes to our cash flows due to the variable interest nature of our senior unsecured credit facility. The interest rate swap was designated as a cash flow hedge. This cash flow hedging instrument is marked to market and the changes are recorded in other comprehensive income. Any hedge ineffectiveness is charged to interest expense. As of December 27, 2009, the fair value of the interest rate swap agreement was reflected as a $0.2 million liability and is included in other current liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and the unrealized loss recorded in other comprehensive income was $0.1 million (net of taxes of $66 thousand). We estimate that the full amount of the loss in accumulated other comprehensive income will be reclassified to earnings over the next twelve months. We recognized no hedge ineffectiveness during the year ended December 27, 2009.
Provision for Restructuring
Restructuring expense for the periods ended December 27, 2009, December 28, 2008, and December 30, 2007 were as follows:
(amounts in thousands)
Restructuring accrual activity for the periods ended December 27, 2009, and December 28, 2008, were as follows:
(amounts in thousands)
(amounts in thousands)
SG&A Restructuring Plan
During 2009, we initiated a plan focused on reducing our overall operating expenses by consolidating certain administrative functions to improve efficiencies. The first phase of this plan was implemented in the fourth quarter of 2009. The remaining stages of the plan will not be finalized until 2010, at which time further details and cost impacts will be disclosed.
As of December 27, 2009, the net charge to earnings of $2.8 million represents the first stage of the SG&A Restructuring Plan. The total anticipated costs related to the first phase of the plan are $3.1 million of which $2.8 million were incurred. The total number of employees affected by the SG&A Restructuring Plan were 42, of which 7 have been terminated. Termination benefits are planned to be paid one month to 24 months after termination. Upon completion, the annual savings related to the first phase of the plan are anticipated to be approximately $3 million.
Manufacturing Restructuring Plan
In August 2008, we announced a manufacturing and supply chain restructuring program designed to accelerate profitable growth in our Apparel Labeling Solutions (ALS) business, formerly Check-Net®, and to support incremental improvements in our EAS systems and labels businesses.
For the year ended December 27, 2009, there was a net charge to earnings of $1.5 million recorded in connection with the Manufacturing Restructuring Plan.
The total number of employees affected by the Manufacturing Restructuring Plan were 179, of which 76 have been terminated. The anticipated total cost is expected to approximate $3.0 million to $4.0 million, of which $3.0 million has been incurred. Termination benefits are planned to be paid one month to 24 months after termination. The remaining anticipated costs are expected to be incurred through the end of 2010. Upon completion, the annual savings are anticipated to be approximately $6 million.
2005 Restructuring Plan
In the second quarter of 2005, we initiated actions focused on reducing our overall operating expenses. This plan included the implementation of a cost reduction plan designed to consolidate certain administrative functions in Europe and a commitment to a plan to restructure a portion of our supply chain manufacturing to lower cost areas. During the fourth quarter of 2006, we continued to review the results of the overall initiatives and added an additional reduction focused on the reorganization of senior management to focus on key markets and customers. This additional restructuring reduced our management by 25%. As of December 27, 2009, this restructuring plan is substantially complete.
For the year ended December 27, 2009, a net charge of $1.1 million was recorded in connection with the 2005 Restructuring Plan. The charge was composed of severance accruals and related costs, partially offset by the release of a lease termination liability.
The total number of employees affected by the 2005 Restructuring Plan were 897, of which all have been terminated. The anticipated total cost is expected to approximate $31 million, of which $31 million has been incurred and $31 million paid. Termination benefits are planned to be paid one month to 24 months after termination. Upon completion, the annual savings are anticipated to be approximately $36 million.
2003 Restructuring Plan
During 2008, we reversed $0.3 million of previously accrued severance and incurred $0.1 million of lease termination costs related to the 2003 Restructuring Plan.
During 2007, we reversed $0.1 million of previously accrued severance related to the 2003 Restructuring Plan.
We perform an assessment of goodwill by comparing each individual reporting unit’s carrying amount of net assets, including goodwill, to their fair value at least annually during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. In 2009 and 2007, annual assessments did not result in an impairment charge. Future annual assessments could result in impairment charges, which would be accounted for as an operating expense.
During the year ended December 28, 2008, we completed step one of our fiscal 2008 annual analysis and test for impairment of goodwill and it was determined that certain goodwill related to the Shrink Management Solutions, Apparel Labeling Solutions and Retail Merchandising Solutions segments were impaired. The second step of the goodwill impairment test was not completed prior to the issuance of the fiscal 2008 financial statements. Therefore, we recognized a charge of $59.6 million as a reasonable estimate of the impairment loss in its fiscal 2008 financial statements. The impairment charge was recorded in goodwill impairment on the consolidated statement of operations. The impairment charge was attributed to a combination of a decline in our market capitalization and a decline in the estimated forecasted discounted cash flows expected by the Company.
During the first quarter of fiscal 2009, we completed the second step of its fiscal 2008 annual analysis and test for impairment of goodwill and it was determined that no further adjustment to the estimated impairment recorded at December 28, 2008 was needed.
In 2008, asset impairment expense was $4.5 million, or 0.5% of revenues. There were no asset impairment charges in 2009 and 2007.
During our 2008 goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles annual impairment test, we determine that indefinite-lived trade mark intangible in our Shrink Management Solutions segment was impaired. As a result we recorded an impairment charge of $0.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2008. This charge was recorded in asset impairments on the consolidated statement of operations.
As a result of changes in business circumstances related to the customer relationship intangible recognized in connection with the SIDEP/Asialco acquisition, we recorded an impairment charge of $2.6 million in the fourth quarter ended December 28, 2008. The impairment charge was recorded in asset impairments in the Shrink Management Solutions segment on the consolidated statement of operations.
In 2008, we recorded a $1.5 million fixed asset impairment. The charge consisted of $1.1 million related to the write down of a building in France and $0.4 million related to the write down of land and a building in Japan. These impairments were recorded in asset impairments on the consolidated statement of operations.
Results of Operations
(All comparisons are with the previous fiscal year, unless otherwise stated.)
Our unit volume is driven by product offerings, number of direct sales personnel, recurring sales and, to some extent, pricing. Our base of installed systems provides a source of recurring revenues from the sale of disposable tags, labels, and service revenues.
Our customers are substantially dependent on retail sales, which are seasonal, subject to significant fluctuations, and difficult to predict. In addition, current economic trends have particularly strongly affected our customers, and consequently our net revenues may be impacted. Such seasonality and fluctuations impact our sales. Historically, we have experienced lower sales in the first half of each year.
Analysis of Statement of Operations
The following table presents for the periods indicated certain items in the consolidated statement of operations as a percentage of total revenues and the percentage change in dollar amounts of such items compared to the indicated prior period:
N/A — Comparative percentages are not meaningful.
Fiscal 2009 compared to Fiscal 2008
During 2009, revenues decreased by $144.4 million, or 15.7%, from $917.1 million to $772.7 million. Foreign currency translation had a negative impact on revenues of $28.4 million for the full year of 2009.
(dollar amounts in millions)
Shrink Management Solutions
Shrink Management Solutions revenues decreased by $133.7 million, or 19.4%, in 2009 compared to 2008. Foreign currency translation had a negative impact of approximately $17.9 million. The remaining revenue decrease was due primarily to declines in EAS systems, CheckView™, and Alpha business of $89.3 million, $41.2 million, and $5.6 million, respectively. These declines were partially offset by a $16.7 million increase in our EAS consumables business and a $3.6 million increase in our RFID business.
EAS systems revenues decreased $89.3 million in 2009 as compared to 2008. The decrease was due primarily to declines in revenues of $52.4 million in Europe, $22.0 million in the U.S., and $12.9 million in Asia. The decline in Europe was due primarily to 2008 large chain-wide roll-outs in Spain, France, Italy and Belgium without comparable roll-outs in 2009 coupled with a general overall decline in revenues due to the weak economic conditions in Europe. The decline in Europe was partially offset by an increase in Germany due primarily to a new large roll-out in 2009. The decline in the U.S. was due primarily to large installations in 2008 without comparable roll-outs during 2009. The decline in Asia was due primarily to weak economic conditions in Japan and Hong Kong coupled with large chain-wide installations in Australia and New Zealand during 2008 without comparable roll-outs in 2009. The decrease in Asia was partially offset by a large chain-wide roll-out in China. Our EAS systems business is dependent upon new store openings and the liquidity and financial condition of our customers which has been impacted by current economic trends. Our plan is to partially mitigate this issue by selling new solutions to existing customers and increasing our market share through innovative products such as Evolve™.
CheckView™ revenues decreased $41.2 million in 2009 as compared to 2008. The CheckView™ business declined primarily due to decreases in the U.S. and Asia of $35.3 million and $5.9 million, respectively. The U.S. revenues associated with our 2008 banking acquisitions benefited by $1.0 million due to a full year of revenues in 2009 with only a partial year in 2008. The decline in our U.S. retail business was $28.9 million, due primarily to an overall decline in capital expenditures as a result of the current weak economic conditions in the U.S. Our banking business, excluding the non-comparable acquisition, declined $7.4 million due primarily to decreased customer spending as a result of the current economic condition in the financial services sector. We anticipate our U.S. CheckView™ business will continue to experience difficulties in 2010 as constraints on capital spending by our customers and the slowing of new store openings will likely continue as a result of the current economic conditions. The decline in Asia was due primarily to large orders in Japan in 2008 without comparable installations in 2009.
Our Alpha business declined by $5.6 million during 2009 as compared to 2008. The decrease was due primarily to declines in revenues of $5.9 million in Europe and $1.6 million in the U.S., which was partially offset by a $1.7 million increase in Asia. The decrease in Europe was primarily due to a decrease in volumes due to the current weak economic condition in Europe. The decrease in the U.S. was primarily due to a decrease in volumes with several large customers due to the current weak economic conditions in the U.S. The increase in Asia was primarily due to an increase in Australia due to sales to several new large customers during 2009.
EAS consumables revenues increased by $16.7 million in 2009 as compared to 2008. The increase was due primarily to increases in revenues of $16.5 million in Europe and $4.2 million in the U.S., which were partially offset by a $3.9 million decrease in Asia. The increases in Europe and the U.S. were due primarily to the implementation of our new hard tag at source program. The decline in Asia was due primarily to the anticipated loss of customers associated with the acquisition of SIDEP/Asialco.
RFID revenues increased by $3.6 million during 2009 as compared to 2008. The increase was due primarily to increases in revenues of $3.1 million in Europe and $0.6 million in the U.S. The increase in revenues in Europe was due to the sale of detachers associated with our hard tag at source program that are RFID enabled for future use. The increase was partially offset by decreases in Germany and France due to large roll-outs that were completed in 2008 with no such comparable roll-outs during 2009. The increase in the U.S. was primarily due to $1.4 million in non-comparable OATSystems Inc. revenues during the first half of 2009, which was partially offset by a decline in OATSystems Inc. revenues during the second half of 2009 due to a decrease in non-recurring licensing fees in 2009.
Apparel Labeling Solutions
Apparel Labeling Solutions revenues increased by $6.6 million, or 4.8%, in 2009 as compared to 2008. Foreign currency translation had a negative impact of approximately $5.1 million. Apparel Labeling Solutions benefited by $12.7 million due to our newly acquired Brilliant business. The remaining decrease of $1.0 million was due to a general overall decline resulting from current economic conditions.
Retail Merchandising Solutions
Retail Merchandising Solutions revenues decreased by $17.3 million, or 18.3%, in 2009 as compared to 2008. The negative impact of foreign currency translation was approximately $5.4 million. The remaining decrease in our RMS business was due to a decrease in our revenues from RDS of $8.5 million and a decrease in revenues of HLS of $3.4 million. Our RDS decline is due to a general reduction of store remodel work in Europe due to the current economic environment. The decrease in HLS is due to increased competition and pricing pressures as well as a general shift in market demand away from HLS products as retail scanning technology continues to grow worldwide. We anticipate RDS and HLS to continue to face difficult revenue trends in 2010 due to the impact of current economic conditions on the RDS business and continued shifts in market demand for HLS products.
During 2009, gross profit decreased by $46.8 million, or 12.4%, from $378.1 million to $331.3 million. The negative impact of foreign currency translation on gross profit was approximately $10.4 million. Gross profit, as a percentage of net revenues, increased from 41.2% to 42.9%.
Shrink Management Solutions
Shrink Management Solutions gross profit as a percentage of Shrink Management Solutions revenues increased to 43.7% in 2009, from 41.4% in 2008. The increase in the gross profit percentage of Shrink Management Solutions was due primarily to higher margins in EAS consumables, EAS systems, and CheckView™, partially offset by lower margins in our Alpha business. EAS consumables margins improved due primarily to lower royalties due to the expiration of our EAS licensing obligation in December 2008. EAS consumables also improved due to the favorable product mix. EAS systems margins improved due to product mix resulting from fewer chain-wide rollouts in 2009, improved manufacturing margins, and lower royalties due to the expiration of our EAS licensing obligation in December 2008. CheckView™ margins improved due to better project management during 2009 and cost control. Alpha margins decreased in 2009 due to manufacturing variances related to lower volumes in 2009.
Apparel Labeling Solutions
Apparel Labeling Solutions gross profit as a percentage of Apparel Labeling Solutions revenues increased to 37.0% in 2009, from 34.7% in 2008. Apparel Labeling Solutions margins increased due primarily to better utilization of low cost manufacturing facilities, which resulted in improved product costs and reductions in freight.
Retail Merchandising Solutions
The Retail Merchandising Solutions gross profit as a percentage of Retail Merchandising Solutions revenues decreased to 47.5% in 2009 from 49.4% in 2008. The decrease in Retail Merchandising Solutions gross profit percentage was the result of a decline in volumes and pricing pressures in our HLS and RDS businesses.
Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general, and administrative (SG&A) expenses decreased $34.3 million, or 11.5%, over 2008. Foreign currency translation decreased SG&A expenses by approximately $8.4 million. The remaining decrease was due primarily to lower bad debt expense, lower sales and marketing expense, and lower general and administrative expenses. The decrease was also due to $1.4 million of deferred compensation expense in 2008 without a comparable charge in 2009. The decrease in bad debt expense was attributable to an improved focus on working capital during 2009. The decrease in sales and marketing expense corresponds to the decrease in revenues over the prior year, coupled with an increased effort by management to reduce costs. The decrease in general and administrative expense is due to efforts to reduce costs, coupled with an additional expense that was incurred during the second quarter of 2008 due to a change in executive management with no comparable transition costs in 2009. The cost reduction efforts were due primarily to better control of discretionary spending and the impact of our temporary global payroll reduction and furlough program. These reductions were partially offset by an increase of expenses related to our Brilliant acquisition coupled with $2.8 million of non-comparable OATSystems, Inc. expenses during the first half of 2009.
Research and Development Expenses
Research and development (R&D) expenses were $20.4 million, or 2.6% of revenues, in 2009 and $22.6 million, or 2.5% of revenues in 2008. Foreign currency translation decreased R&D costs by approximately $0.2 million. Non-comparable R&D expenses generated by OATSystems, Inc. operations during the first half of 2009 were $1.0 million. The remaining decrease was due to efforts to reduce costs. The cost reduction efforts were due primarily to the impact of our temporary global payroll reduction and furlough program.
Restructuring expenses were $5.4 million, or 0.7% of revenues in 2009 compared to $6.4 million or 0.7% of revenues in 2008. The current and the prior year expenses are detailed in the “Provision for Restructuring” section.
Goodwill Impairment expense was $59.6 million, or 6.5% of revenues in 2008, without a comparable charge in 2009. The 2008 expense is detailed in the “Goodwill Impairment” section following “Liquidity and Capital Resources.”
Asset Impairment expense was $4.5 million, or 0.5% of revenues in 2008, without a comparable charge in 2009. The 2008 expense is detailed in the “Asset Impairment” section following “Liquidity and Capital Resources.”
Litigation Settlement expense was $1.3 million in 2009, compared to $6.2 million in 2008. Included in the 2009 litigation expense was $0.9 million of expense related to the settlement of a dispute with a consultant and $0.4 million related to the acquisition of a patent related to our Alpha business. We purchased the patent for $1.7 million related to our Alpha business. A portion of this purchase price was attributable to use prior to the date of acquisition and as a result we recorded $0.4 million in litigation expense and $1.3 million in intangibles.
The 2008 litigation settlement expense is primarily attributed to a $5.7 million litigation accrual recorded during the fourth quarter of 2008 related to a patent infringement counter suit in which we were found to be liable for the other party’s associated legal fees. We plan to appeal the ruling but have accrued the full amount of the judgment. The remaining $0.5 million of the litigation expense was due to a contract settlement with a product manufacturer in the third quarter of 2008. We do not anticipate any additional charges related to this issue.
Other Operating Income
Other operating income was $1.0 million, or 0.1% of revenues in 2008, without a comparable gain in 2009. Other operating income was recorded in 2008 due to the sale of our Czech Republic subsidiary, which is now operating as a distributor of our products.
Interest Income and Interest Expense
Interest income for 2009 decreased $0.7 million from the comparable period in 2008. The decrease in interest income was due to lower cash balances during 2009 compared to 2008.
Interest expense for 2009 increased $1.6 million from the comparable period in 2008. The increase in interest expense was due to higher debt levels in 2009 compared to 2008.
Other Gain (Loss), net
Other gain (loss), net was a loss of $0.2 million in 2009 compared to a net loss of $8.9 million in 2008. The increase of $8.7 million was due primarily to a foreign exchange loss of $0.4 million in 2009 as compared to a foreign exchange loss of $9.2 million in 2008. During 2008, the primary drivers of the foreign currency loss were fluctuations in the value of the U.S. Dollar to the Euro and the Japanese Yen, as well as the Euro to the British Pound.
The effective rate of tax at December 27, 2009 was 28.6%. At December 28, 2008, the effective tax rate was (2.5%). The 2009 tax rate includes a benefit of $0.1 million in tax reserves and a net increase to the valuation allowance of $7.6 million. The main components of the valuation allowance change were a charge of $1.1 million in connection with our Italy operations and a charge of $4.6 related to operations in Japan. The valuation allowance was also impacted by a charge of $2.0 million in connection with state net operating losses, of which $0.3 million was related to activity in 2009. The remainder of the valuation allowance movement relates to benefits from the current year utilization of deferred tax assets that a valuation was recorded against in prior periods. A benefit of $0.1 million was recorded related to tax audits settled in the current year.
The 2008 tax rate includes a $1.2 million change in tax reserves and a net valuation allowance benefit of $2.9 million. The main components of the valuation allowance benefit was a release of $4.7 million relating to net operating losses in Brazil, a charge of $1.2 million in connection to our United Kingdom operations, and a charge of $0.8 million in connection to state net operating losses. A charge of $0.7 million was recorded related to tax audits settled in the current year. In addition, an income tax benefit was not recorded in 2008 on $58.5 million of the $59.6 million impairment as it related to non-deductible goodwill.
Net Earnings (Loss) Attributable to Checkpoint Systems, Inc.
Net earnings (loss) attributable to Checkpoint Systems, Inc. were $26.1 million, or $0.66 per diluted share, for 2009 compared to ($29.8) million, or ($0.76) per diluted share, for 2008. The weighted average number of shares used in the diluted earnings per share computation were 39.6 million and 39.4 million for 2009 and 2008, respectively.
Fiscal 2008 compared to Fiscal 2007
During 2008, revenues increased by $82.9 million, or 9.9%, from $834.2 million to $917.1 million. Foreign currency translation had a positive impact on revenues of $33.0 million for the full year of 2008.
(amounts in millions)
Shrink Management Solutions
Shrink Management Solutions revenues increased by $76.2 million, or 12.5%, in 2008 compared to 2007. Foreign currency translation had a positive impact of approximately $24.1 million. The Alpha, SIDEP and OATSystems acquisitions increased revenues in 2008 by $82.4 million. Additionally, CheckView™ revenues increased $4.9 million in 2008 compared to 2007. These increases were partially offset by a decrease of $14.1 million in EAS systems revenues, $13.2 million in our EAS consumables business, and $6.3 million in our Library business.
The CheckView™ business improved primarily due to increases in the U.S. of $2.6 million coupled with an increase in Asia of $1.5 million. The U.S. CheckView™ revenue increase was due primarily to an increase of $11.8 million in our U.S. banking business, partially offset by a decrease of $9.2 million in our U.S. retail business. The U.S. banking business benefited $10.7 million due to recent acquisitions, without comparable revenues in 2007, coupled with $1.1 million of comparable business growth. The U.S. retail business revenue decline was due to difficult comparables in 2007 due to large 2007 installations coupled with the impact of current economic conditions on this business resulting in reductions in 2008 orders and installations. The increase in Asia CheckView™ revenues was due primarily to expansion of the business model within the region during fiscal 2008. The U.S. CheckView™ business has a significant portion of its revenue growth dependent upon new store openings which could continue to be impacted by the current decline in U.S. economic activity.
EAS systems revenues, excluding the benefit of foreign currency translation and acquisitions decreased $14.1 million for 2008 compared to 2007. The decrease was due to declines in revenues of $15.3 million in Europe and $1.9 million in Latin America, partially offset by an increase of $3.6 million in revenues in Asia. The decline in Europe was due primarily to general overall business declines in the UK coupled with large chain-wide installations in various countries during 2007 without comparable activity in 2008. These declines in Europe revenues were partially offset by an increase in Belgium due to a large chain-wide roll-out in 2008 without comparable revenue in 2007. The decline in Latin America was due primarily to a decline in Mexico attributable to large chain-wide roll-outs in 2007 without comparable revenues in 2008. The increase in Asia was due primarily to large chain-wide roll-outs in New Zealand, Australia, and China without comparables in 2007, partially offset by a decline in Japan revenue attributable to large chain-wide roll-outs in 2007 without comparable revenues in 2008. Our EAS systems business is dependent upon new store openings and the liquidity and financial condition of our customers which could continue to be impacted by current economic trends. Our plan is to partially mitigate this issue by selling new solutions to existing customers and increasing our market share through innovative products such as EvolveTM.
EAS consumables revenues, excluding the benefit of foreign currency translation decreased $13.2 million for 2008 compared to 2007. EAS consumables revenues were impacted by current economic conditions resulting in decreased retail sector sales resulting in a decreased demand for labels, coupled with competitive pressures in certain regions. We anticipate that weak economic conditions could continue to impact our EAS consumables volumes in future quarters.
Library revenues, excluding the benefit of foreign currency translation decreased $6.3 million for 2008 compared to 2007. Library revenues declined due to the transition period for our 3M distributor agreement compared to direct sales in the prior year. We expect the library revenues to become comparable in 2009 as the transition to selling to a distributor was initiated at the beginning of fiscal 2008.
Apparel Labeling Solutions
Apparel Labeling Solutions revenues increased by $8.7 million, or 6.9% in 2008 compared to 2007. The positive impact of foreign currency translation was approximately $3.0 million. The remaining increase of $5.7 million was due primarily to an increase in revenues in the U.S. and Asia, partially offset by a decline in our Europe revenues. The U.S. revenue increase was due to increased sales volume with existing large customers and an increase in orders from new customers. We anticipate that weak economic conditions could continue to impact our U.S. revenues but that our growth in orders from new customers could partially mitigate this impact. The revenue decline in Europe and growth in Asia is due primarily to a shift in revenues to Asia for certain customers previously serviced from Europe. Europe also experienced a decline in revenues due to the effects of current economic conditions of apparel retailers in the region.
Retail Merchandising Solutions
Retail Merchandising Solutions revenues decreased by $2.0 million or 2.0%. The positive impact of foreign currency translation was approximately $5.8 million. The decrease in our RMS business was due to a decrease in our revenues from retail display systems of $5.2 million and a decrease in revenues of HLS of $2.6 million. Our retail display systems decline is due to large remodel work in 2007 in Europe and Asia without such comparable revenues in 2008. The decrease in HLS is due to increased competition and pricing pressures as well as a general shift in market demand for HLS products as retail scanning technology continues to grow worldwide. We anticipate RMS and HLS to continue to face difficult revenue trends in 2009 due to impacts of current economic conditions on the RMS business and continued shifts in market demand for HLS products.
During 2008, gross profit increased by $32.1 million, or 9.3%, from $346.0 million to $378.1 million. The benefit of foreign currency translation on gross profit was approximately $13.7 million. Gross profit, as a percentage of net revenues, decreased from 41.5% to 41.2%.
Shrink Management Solutions
Shrink Management Solutions gross profit as a percentage of Shrink Management Solutions revenues decreased to 41.4% in 2008, from 41.8% in 2007. The decrease in the gross profit percentage of Shrink Management Solutions was due primarily to decreases in EAS consumables margins and Library margins, which was offset by increases in EAS systems margins and the inclusion of a full year of revenues of Alpha products at higher margin levels in 2008.
The decline in EAS consumables margins was due primarily to increased manufacturing variances in 2008, which were primarily attributable to volume declines and increased production issues resulting in labor inefficiencies and increased scrap, coupled with higher energy costs. The Library margins were negatively impacted by the 3M deal, which shifted our business model from direct sales to distributor revenues with lower margins. The EAS hardware margin improvement was due to improved inventory management coupled with better sourcing costs for our antenna components.
Apparel Labeling Solutions
Apparel Labeling Solutions gross profit as a percentage of Apparel Labeling Solutions revenues decreased to 34.7% in 2008, from 34.9% in 2007. This decrease was due to a general overall decline resulting from current weak economic conditions.
Retail Merchandising Solutions
The Retail Merchandising Solutions gross profit as a percentage of Retail Merchandising revenues increased to 49.4% in 2008 from 47.9% in 2007. This increase in Retail Merchandising Solutions gross profit percentage was primarily due to improved margins in our HLS business resulting from improved manufacturing efficiencies.
Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general, and administrative (SG&A) expenses increased $36.1 million, or 13.8%, over 2007. Foreign currency translation increased SG&A expenses by approximately $9.5 million. SG&A expenses generated by the recently acquired Alpha, SIDEP, and OATSystems operations coupled with our banking acquisitions accounted for $27.8 million of the increase over the prior year. SG&A expenses were additionally increased due to an increase in bad debt provisions and $1.4 million of deferred compensation expense related to prior periods. These increases were partially offset by decreases in management expense due to internal restructuring efforts and a decrease in compensation related to a decrease in accrued bonuses and the reversal of stock-based compensation related to our long-term incentive plan performance restricted stock units. In light of current economic conditions, we are more closely monitoring the aging of individual customer receivable balances and associated credit risk in an effort to mitigate our exposure to bad debt.
Research and Development Expenses
Research and development (R&D) expenses were $22.6 million, or 2.5% of revenues, in 2008 and $18.2 million, or 2.2% of revenues in 2007. Foreign currency translation increased R&D costs by approximately $0.3 million. The increase of $4.4 million is largely attributed to R&D expenses generated by the recently acquired Alpha, SIDEP, and OATSystems operations of $3.9 million.
Restructuring expenses were $6.4 million, or 0.7% of revenues in 2008 compared to $2.7 million or 0.3% of revenues in 2007. The current and the prior year expenses are detailed in the “Provision for Restructuring” section.
Goodwill Impairment expense was $59.6 million, or 6.5% of revenues in 2008, without a comparable charge in 2007. The current year expense is detailed in the “Goodwill Impairment” section following “Liquidity and Capital Resources.”
Asset Impairment expense was $4.5 million, or 0.5% of revenues in 2008, without a comparable charge in 2007. The current year expense is detailed in the “Asset Impairment” section following “Liquidity and Capital Resources.”
Litigation Settlement expense was $6.2 million in 2008, without a comparable charge in 2007. The litigation settlement expense is primarily attributed to a $5.7 million litigation accrual recorded during the fourth quarter of 2008 related to a patent infringement counter suit in which the Company was found to be liable for the other party’s associated legal fees. The Company plans to appeal the ruling but has accrued the full amount of the judgment. The remaining $0.5 million of the litigation expense was due to a contract settlement with a product manufacturer in the third quarter of 2008. We do not anticipate any additional charges related to this issue.
Other Operating Income
In 2008, other operating income of $1.0 million was recorded due to the sale of our Czech Republic subsidiary, which is now operating as a distributor of our products.
In 2007, other operating income of $2.6 million was recorded due to the sale of our Austrian subsidiary. This sale resulted from our plan to move this business to an indirect sales model.
Interest Income and Interest Expense
Interest income for 2008 decreased $2.8 million from the comparable period in 2007. The decrease in interest income was due to lower cash balances during 2008 compared to 2007.
Interest expense for 2008 increased $3.4 million from the comparable period in 2007. The increase in interest expense was due to higher debt levels in 2008 compared to 2007. Increased borrowings in 2008 were primarily used to finance our stock repurchase program and the OATSystems, Inc. acquisition.
Other Gain (Loss), net
Other gain (loss), net was a loss of $8.9 million for 2008 compared to a net gain of $0.7 million for 2007. The increase in loss for 2008 was due primarily to losses on foreign currency. The primary drivers of the increase in foreign currency loss were fluctuations in the value of the U.S. Dollar to the Euro and the Japanese Yen, as well as the Euro to the British Pound.
The effective rate of tax at December 28, 2008 was 2.5%. At December 30, 2007, the effective tax rate was 17.2%. The 2008 tax rate includes a $1.2 million change in tax reserves and a net valuation allowance benefit of $2.9 million. The main components of the valuation allowance benefit was a release of $4.7 million relating to net operating losses in Brazil, a charge of $1.2 million in connection to our United Kingdom operations, and a charge of $0.8 million in connection to state net operating losses. A charge of $0.7 million was recorded related to tax audits settled in the current year. In addition, an income tax benefit was not recorded in 2008 on $58.5 million of the $59.6 million impairment as it related to non-deductible goodwill. The 2007 tax rate includes a $1.9 million change in tax reserves, a net valuation allowance benefit of $3.2 million, a $1.0 million tax benefit relating to statutory tax rate changes, and a $0.9 million tax benefit relating to the sale of our Austrian subsidiary. The two main changes to the valuation allowance in 2007 were a release of $5.4 million relating to state net operating losses and a charge of $2.7 million in connection to our United Kingdom operations. The 2007 effective tax rate was positively impacted by a reduction of valuation allowances and tax reserves of $2.0 million. In addition, the Company recorded a $1.7 million reduction in foreign tax, primarily associated with a change in tax law in Germany.
In 2007, we recorded an adjustment of $2.1 million to reduce deferred income tax expense, and increase earnings from continuing operations and net earnings. We have determined that this adjustment related to errors made in prior years associated with the impact of changes in statutory rates on deferred taxes. Had these errors been recorded in the proper periods, earnings from continuing operations and net earnings as reported would increase by $0.2 million in 2006 and increase by $1.9 million for years prior to 2005. We have determined that these adjustments did not have a material effect on the 2007 and prior years’ financial statements. Without the reduction to our income tax provision our 2007 effective rate would have been 20.3% rather than 17.2%.
Earnings from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax
There were no earnings from discontinued operations, net of tax, for 2008. Earnings from discontinued operations, net of tax, were $0.4 million in 2007. The 2007 earnings were primarily due to adjustments related to the sale in 2006 of our barcode business.
Net Earnings (Loss) Attributable to Checkpoint Systems, Inc.
Net earnings (loss) attributable to Checkpoint Systems, Inc. were ($29.8) million, or ($0.76) per diluted share, for 2008 compared to $58.8 million, or $1.44 per diluted share, for 2007. The weighted average number of shares used in the diluted earnings per share computation were 39.4 million and 40.7 million for 2008 and 2007, respectively.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
In September 2009, we adopted ASC 105-10-05, which provides for the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification™ (the “Codification”) to become the single official source of authoritative, nongovernmental GAAP to be applied by nongovernmental entities in the preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP. The Codification does not change GAAP, but combines all authoritative standards into a comprehensive, topically organized online database. ASC 105-10-05 explicitly recognizes rules and interpretative releases of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) under federal securities laws as authoritative GAAP for SEC registrants. Subsequent revisions to GAAP will be incorporated into the ASC through Accounting Standards Updates (ASU). ASC 105-10-05 is effective for interim and annual periods ending after September 15, 2009, and was effective for us in the third quarter of 2009. The adoption of ASC 105-10-05 impacted the Company’s financial statement disclosures, as all references to authoritative accounting literature were updated to and in accordance with the Codification. Our adoption of ASC 105-10-05 did not have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations and financial condition.
In December 2007, the FASB issued an accounting standard codified within ASC 805, “Business Combinations” which changed the accounting for business acquisitions. Under this standard, business combinations continue to be required to be accounted for at fair value under the acquisition method of accounting, but the standard changed the method of applying the acquisition method in a number of significant aspects. Acquisition costs will generally be expensed as incurred; noncontrolling interests will be valued at fair value at the acquisition date; in-process research and development will be recorded at fair value as an indefinite-lived intangible asset at the acquisition date, until either abandoned or completed, at which point the useful lives will be determined; restructuring costs associated with a business combination will generally be expensed subsequent to the acquisition date; and changes in deferred tax asset valuation allowances and income tax uncertainties after the acquisition date generally will affect income tax expense. The standard is effective on a prospective basis for all business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual period subsequent to December 15, 2008, with the exception of the accounting for valuation allowances on deferred taxes and acquired tax contingencies. The standard amends the accounting for income taxes such that adjustments made to valuation allowances on deferred taxes and acquired tax contingencies associated with acquisitions that closed prior to the effective date of the standard would also apply the provisions of the new standard. Disclosure requirements were also expanded to enable the evaluation of the nature and financial effects of the business combination. For the Company, the standard is effective for business combinations occurring after December 28, 2008. Adoption of the standard did not have a significant impact on our financial position and results of operations; however, any business combination entered into after the adoption may significantly impact our financial position and results of operations when compared to acquisitions accounted for under prior GAAP and result in more earnings volatility and generally lower earnings due to the expensing of deal costs and restructuring costs of acquired companies. This standard was applied to business combinations disclosed in Note 2 that were completed after 2008. Also, since we have significant acquired deferred tax assets for which full valuation allowances were recorded at the acquisition date, the standard could significantly affect the results of operations if changes in the valuation allowances occur subsequent to adoption. As of December 27, 2009, such deferred tax valuation allowances amounted to $4.6 million.
In February 2009, the FASB issued an accounting standard codified within ASC 805, “Business Combinations” which amends the provisions related to the initial recognition and measurement, subsequent measurement, and disclosure of assets and liabilities arising from contingencies in a business combination. The standard applies to all assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination that arise from contingencies that would be within the scope of ASC 450, “Contingencies”, if not acquired or assumed in a business combination, except for assets or liabilities arising from contingencies that are subject to specific guidance in ASC 805. The standard applies prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2008. The adoption of the standard effective December 29, 2008 did not have an impact on our financial position and results of operations.
In December 2007, the FASB issued an accounting standard codified within ASC 810, “Consolidation”. The standard establishes accounting and reporting standards for ownership interests in subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent, the amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest, changes in a parent’s ownership interest, and the valuation of retained noncontrolling equity investments when a subsidiary is deconsolidated. Noncontrolling interest (minority interest) is required to be recognized as equity in the consolidated financial statements and separate from the parent’s equity. The standard also establishes disclosure requirements that clearly identify and distinguish between the interests of the parent and the interests of the noncontrolling owners. The effective date of the standard is for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. We adopted the standard on December 29, 2008. As of December 27, 2009, our noncontrolling interest totaled $0.8 million, which is included in the stockholders’ equity section of our Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company has incorporated the required presentation and disclosure requirements in our consolidated financial statements.
In March 2008, the FASB issued an accounting standard related to disclosures about derivative instruments and hedging activities, codified within ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”. Provisions of this standard change the disclosure requirements for derivative instruments and hedging activities including enhanced disclosures about (a) how and why derivative instruments are used, (b) how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for under ASC 815 and its related interpretations, and (c) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect our financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. This statement was effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after November 15, 2008. We adopted the standard on December 29, 2008. See Note 15 for our enhanced disclosures required under this standard.
In April 2008, the FASB issued an accounting standard codified within ASC 350, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other” which amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset Under this standard, entities estimating the useful life of a recognized intangible asset must consider their historical experience in renewing or extending similar arrangements or, in the absence of historical experience, must consider assumptions that market participants would use about renewal or extension. The intent of the standard is to improve the consistency between the useful life of a recognized intangible asset and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the asset. Adoption of the standard was effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted the standard on December 29, 2008. We do not expect the standard to have a material impact on our accounting for future acquisitions of intangible assets.
In June 2008, the FASB issued an accounting standard codified within ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share” which provides that unvested share-based payment awards that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents (whether paid or unpaid) are participating securities and shall be included in the computation of earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method. The standard is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Upon adoption, an entity is required to retrospectively adjust its earnings per share data (including any amounts related to interim periods, summaries of earnings and selected financial data) to conform to the standard’s provisions. We adopted this pronouncement effective December 29, 2008 and the adoption did not have an impact on our calculation of earnings per share.
In November 2008, the FASB issued an accounting standard codified within ASC 350, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other” that applies to defensive assets which are acquired intangible assets which the acquirer does not intend to actively use, but intends to hold to prevent its competitors from obtaining access to the asset. The standard clarifies that defensive intangible assets are separately identifiable and should be accounted for as a separate unit of accounting in accordance with guidance provided within ASC 805, “Business Combinations” and ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”. The standard is effective for intangible assets acquired in fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2008 and will be applied by us to intangible assets acquired on or after December 29, 2008.
In December 2008, the FASB issued an accounting standard codified within ASC 810, “Consolidation” and ASC 860, “Transfers and Servicing”. The standard was effective for the first reporting period ending after December 15, 2008 and requires additional disclosures concerning transfers of financial assets and an enterprise’s involvement with variable interest entities (VIE) and qualifying special purpose entities under certain conditions. Upon adoption in our interim consolidated financial statements for the quarter ending March 29, 2009, there were no additional required disclosures.
In April 2009, the FASB issued an accounting standard codified within ASC 825, “Financial Instruments” that requires disclosures about the fair value of financial instruments that are not reflected in the consolidated balance sheets at fair value whenever summarized financial information for interim reporting periods is presented. Entities are required to disclose the methods and significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value of financial instruments and describe changes in methods and significant assumptions, if any, during the period. The standard was effective for interim reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009 and was adopted by the Company in the second quarter of 2009. See Note 15 for our disclosures required under the standard.
In April 2009, the FASB issued an accounting standard codified within ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” which provides guidance on determining fair value when there is no active market or where the price inputs being used represent distressed sales. The standard reaffirms the objective of fair value measurement, which is to reflect how much an asset would be sold for in an orderly transaction. It also reaffirms the need to use judgment to determine if a formerly active market has become inactive, as well as to determine fair values when markets have become inactive. The standard is effective for interim and annual periods ending after June 15, 2009 and was adopted by the Company in the second quarter of 2009. The adoption of this accounting pronouncement did not have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations and financial condition.
In May 2009, the FASB issued an accounting standard codified within ASC 855 “Subsequent Events,” which sets forth general standards of accounting for and disclosure of events that occur after the balance sheet date but before financial statements are issued or are available to be issued. It requires the disclosure of the date through which an entity has evaluated subsequent events and the basis for that date, that is, whether that date represents the date the financial statements were issued or were available to be issued. The standard is effective for interim or annual periods ending after June 15, 2009 and was adopted by the Company in the second quarter of 2009. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations and financial condition. See Note 1 for the required disclosures.
In August 2009, the FASB issued ASU No. 2009-04, “Accounting for Redeemable Equity Instruments.” The ASU represents an update to ASC 480-10-S99 “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity.” This update provides guidance on what type of instruments should be classified as temporary versus permanent equity, as well as guidance with respect to measurement. The adoption of the ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations and financial condition.
In December 2008, the FASB issued an accounting standard codified within ASC 715, “Compensation – Retirement Benefits” that requires enhanced disclosures about the plan assets of a Company’s defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans. The enhanced disclosures are intended to provide users of financial statements with a greater understanding of: (1) how investment allocation decisions are made, including the factors that are pertinent to an understanding of investment policies and strategies; (2) the major categories of plan assets; (3) the inputs and valuation techniques used to measure the fair value of plan assets; (4) the effect of fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) on changes in plan assets for the period; and (5) significant concentrations of risk within plan assets. The disclosures under this standard were effective for us for the fiscal year ending December 27, 2009. See Note 14 for the additional disclosures required upon adoption of this standard.
In August 2009, the FASB issued ASU No. 2009-05, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures – Measuring Liabilities at Fair Value.”. The ASU provides additional guidance for the fair value measurement of liabilities under ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”. The ASU provides clarification that in circumstances in which a quoted price in an active market for the identical liability is not available, a reporting entity is required to measure fair value using certain techniques. The ASU also clarifies that when estimating the fair value of a liability, a reporting entity is not required to include a separate input or adjustment to other inputs relating to the existence of a restriction that prevents the transfer of a liability. It also clarifies that both a quoted price in an active market for the identical liability at the measurement date and the quoted price for the identical liability when traded as an asset in an active market when no adjustments to the quoted price of the asset are required are Level 1 fair value measurements. We adopted the ASU in the fourth fiscal quarter of 2009. The adoption of the ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations and financial condition.
New Accounting Pronouncements and Other Standards
In October 2009, the FASB issued ASU 2009-13, “Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements, (amendments to ASC Topic 605, Revenue Recognition)” (ASU 2009-13) and ASU 2009-14, “Certain Arrangements That Include Software Elements, (amendments to ASC Topic 985, Software)” (ASU 2009-14). ASU 2009-13 requires entities to allocate revenue in an arrangement using estimated selling prices of the delivered goods and services based on a selling price hierarchy. The amendments eliminate the residual method of revenue allocation and require revenue to be allocated using the relative selling price method. ASU 2009-14 removes tangible products from the scope of software revenue guidance and provides guidance on determining whether software deliverables in an arrangement that includes a tangible product are covered by the scope of the software revenue guidance. ASU 2009-13 and ASU 2009-14 should be applied on a prospective basis for revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified in fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of these ASUs on the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial condition.
In December 2009, the FASB issued ASU No. 2009-16, “Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets” which amends ASC 860 “Transfers and Servicing” by: eliminating the concept of a qualifying special-purpose entity (QSPE); clarifying and amending the derecognition criteria for a transfer to be accounted for as a sale; amending and clarifying the unit of account eligible for sale accounting; and requiring that a transferor initially measure at fair value and recognize all assets obtained (for example beneficial interests) and liabilities incurred as a result of a transfer of an entire financial asset or group of financial assets accounted for as a sale. Additionally, on and after the effective date, existing QSPEs (as defined under previous accounting standards) must be evaluated for consolidation by reporting entities in accordance with the applicable consolidation guidance. The standard requires enhanced disclosures about, among other things, a transferor’s continuing involvement with transfers of financial assets accounted for as sales, the risks inherent in the transferred financial assets that have been retained, and the nature and financial effect of restrictions on the transferor’s assets that continue to be reported in the statement of financial position. The standard will be effective as of the beginning of interim and annual reporting periods that begin after November 15, 2009, which for us would be December 28, 2009, the first day of our 2010 fiscal year. We do not expect the adoption of this standard to have a material effect on our consolidated results of operations and financial condition. Any required enhancements to disclosures will be included in our financial statements for the first quarter ended March 29, 2010.
In December 2009, the FASB issued ASU No. 2009-17, “Improvements to Financial Reporting by Enterprises Involved with Variable Interest Entities” which amends ASC 810, “Consolidation” to address the elimination of the concept of a qualifying special purpose entity. The standard also replaces the quantitative-based risks and rewards calculation for determining which enterprise has a controlling financial interest in a variable interest entity with an approach focused on identifying which enterprise has the power to direct the activities of a variable interest entity and the obligation to absorb losses of the entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity. This standard also requires continuous reassessments of whether an enterprise is the primary beneficiary of a VIE whereas previous accounting guidance required reconsideration of whether an enterprise was the primary beneficiary of a VIE only when specific events had occurred. The standard provides more timely and useful information about an enterprise’s involvement with a variable interest entity and will be effective as of the beginning of interim and annual reporting periods that begin after November 15, 2009, which for us would be December 28, 2009, the first day of our 2010 fiscal year. We do not expect the adoption of this standard to have a material effect on our consolidated results of operations and financial condition.
In January 2010, the FASB issued ASU No. 2010-6, “Improving Disclosures About Fair Value Measurements,” which provides amendments to ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” including requiring reporting entities to make more robust disclosures about (1) the different classes of assets and liabilities measured at fair value, (2) the valuation techniques and inputs used, (3) the activity in Level 3 fair value measurements including information on purchases, sales, issuances, and settlements on a gross basis and (4) the transfers between Levels 1, 2, and 3. The standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2009, except for Level 3 reconciliation disclosures which are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2010. We do not expect the adoption of this standard to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Market Risk Factors
Fluctuations in interest and foreign currency exchange rates affect our financial position and results of operations. We enter into forward exchange contracts denominated in foreign currency to reduce the risks of currency fluctuations on short-term inter-company receivables and payables. We also enter into various foreign currency contracts to reduce our exposure to forecasted Euro-denominated inter-company revenues. We have historically not used financial instruments to minimize our exposure to currency fluctuations on our net investments in and cash flows derived from our foreign subsidiaries. We have used third party borrowings in foreign currencies to hedge a portion of our net investments in and cash flows derived from our foreign subsidiaries. As of December 27, 2009, all third party borrowings were in the functional currency of the subsidiary borrower. Additionally, we enter, on occasion, into interest rate swaps to reduce the risk of significant interest rate increases in connection with our floating rate debt.
We are subject to foreign currency exchange risk on our foreign currency forward exchange contracts which represent a $0.1 million asset position and $0.2 million liability position as of December 27, 2009, and a $0.9 liability position as of December 28, 2008. The sensitivity analysis assumes an instantaneous 10% change in foreign currency exchange rates from year-end levels, with all other variables held constant. At December 27, 2009, a 10% strengthening of the U.S. dollar versus other currencies would result in an increase of $0.3 million in the net asset position, while a 10% weakening of the dollar versus all other currencies would result in a decrease of $0.3 million.
Foreign exchange forward contracts are used to hedge certain of our firm foreign currency cash flows. Thus, there is either an asset or cash flow exposure related to all the financial instruments in the above sensitivity analysis for which the impact of a movement in exchange rates would be in the opposite direction and substantially equal to the impact on the instruments in the analysis. There are presently no significant restrictions on the remittance of funds generated by our operations outside the U.S. At December 27, 2009, unremitted earnings of subsidiaries outside the United States were deemed to be permanently reinvested.
Index to Consolidated Financial Statements
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To The Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Checkpoint Systems, Inc.
In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), equity and cash flows present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Checkpoint Systems, Inc. and its subsidiaries at December 27, 2009 and December 28, 2008, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 27, 2009, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 27, 2009, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company's management is responsible for these financial statements and financial statement schedule, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management's Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements, on the financial statement schedule, and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company changed the manner in which it accounts for noncontrolling interests in 2009.
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
As described in Management's Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting, management has excluded Brilliant Label Manufacturing Ltd from its assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of December 27, 2009 because it was acquired by the Company in a purchase business combination during 2009. We have also excluded Brilliant Label Manufacturing Ltd from our audit of internal control over financial reporting. Brilliant Label Manufacturing Ltd is a wholly-owned subsidiary whose total assets and total revenues represent 6.6% and 1.7%, respectively, of the related consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended December 27, 2009.
February 23, 2010
CHECKPOINT SYSTEMS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(amounts in thousands)
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
CHECKPOINT SYSTEMS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
See notes to consolidated financial statements.
CHECKPOINT SYSTEMS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
(amounts in thousands)