This excerpt taken from the CBAK 10-Q filed Aug 22, 2006.
Research and Development Costs. Research and development costs primarily comprise of remuneration for R&D staff, share-based compensation, depreciation and maintenance expenses relating to R&D equipment, and R&D material costs.
Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of remuneration for staff involved in selling and marketing efforts, including staff engaged in the packaging of goods for shipment, advertising cost, depreciation, share-based compensation and travel and entertainment expenses. We do not pay slotting fees to retail companies for displaying our products, engage in cooperative advertising program, participate in buy-down programs or similar arrangements. No material estimates are required by management to determine our actual marketing or advertising costs for any period.
General and Administrative. General and administrative expenses consist primarily of employee remuneration, share-based compensation, professional fees, insurance, payroll taxes and benefits, general office expenses, depreciation and bad debt expenses.
Finance Costs, Net. Finance costs consist primarily of interest income, interest on bank loans, net of capitalized interest, and bank charges.
Income Taxes. Under applicable income tax laws and regulations, an enterprise located in Shenzhen, including the district where our operations are located, is subject to a 15% enterprise income tax. Further, according to PRC laws and regulations, foreign invested manufacturing enterprises are entitled to, starting from their first profitable year, a two-year exemption from enterprise income tax followed by a three-year 50% reduction in its enterprise income tax rate. Our PRC subsidiaries, Shenzhen BAK and BAK Electronic, are each entitled to a two-year exemption from enterprise income tax and a reduced enterprise income tax rate of 7.5% for the following three years from its first profitable year. As such, for the first two calendar years ended December 31, 2003, Shenzhen BAK was exempted from any enterprise income tax. Between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2006, Shenzhen BAK is subject to the enterprise income tax rate of 7.5%. BAK Electronic, established in August 2005, is eligible for the same preferential tax treatment applicable to Shenzhen BAK and currently is exempt from any enterprise income tax because of tax losses.
In addition, due to the additional capital invested in Shenzhen BAK in both 2005 and 2006, Shenzhen BAK was granted a lower income tax rate of 3.309% and 1.7% in calendar year 2005 and 2006 respectively.
Furthermore, to encourage foreign investors to introduce advanced technologies to China, the PRC government has offered additional tax incentives to enterprises that are classified as a foreign invested enterprises with advanced technologies. According to an official notice issued by the Shenzhen Municipal Trade and Industry Bureau, Shenzhen BAK received such designation in August 2005. As a result, as long as Shenzhen BAK maintains this designation, it may apply to the tax authority to extend its current reduced tax rate of 7.5% for another three years, until December 31, 2009.
Our company is subject to U.S. tax at the statutory rate of 35%. We have not made provisions for any U.S. tax because we have determined that we have no U.S. taxable income.
Our Hong Kong subsidiary, BAK International, is subject to Hong Kong profits tax at the rate of 17.5%. However, because it does not have any assessable income derived from or arising in Hong Kong, it has not paid any Hong Kong profits tax.