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Cincinnati Financial 10-Q 2012

Documents found in this filing:

  1. 10-Q
  2. Ex-31.A
  3. Ex-31.B
  4. Ex-32
  5. Ex-32

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark one)

 

þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012.

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the transition period from _____________________ to _____________________.

Commission file number 0-4604

 

 

CINCINNATI FINANCIAL CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Ohio

31-0746871

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.) 
     

6200 S. Gilmore Road, Fairfield, Ohio

 

45014-5141

(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (513) 870-2000

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

þ Yes ¨ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

 

þ Yes ¨ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

þ Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer ¨ Non-accelerated filer ¨ Smaller reporting company

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act):

 

¨ Yes þ No

 

As of April 23, 2012, there were 162,409,106 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 1
 

 

CINCINNATI FINANCIAL CORPORATION

 

FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTER ENDED March 31, 2012

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Part I – Financial Information 3
   
Item 1.     Financial Statements (unaudited) 3
   
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets 3
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income 4
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity 5
   
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows 6
   
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) 7
   
Item 2.     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 21
   
Safe Harbor Statement 21
   
Introduction 23
   
Results of Operations 28
   
Liquidity and Capital Resources 43
   
Other Matters 46
   
Item 3.     Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 46
   
Fixed-Maturity Investments 46
   
Equity Investments 49
   
Unrealized Investment Gains and Losses 49
   
Item 4.     Controls and Procedures 52
   
Part II – Other Information 52
   
Item 1.     Legal Proceedings 52
   
Item 1A.     Risk Factors 52
   
Item 2.     Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 52
   
Item 3.     Defaults upon Senior Securities 52
   
Item 4.     Mine Safety Disclosures 52
   
Item 5.     Other Information 52
   
Item 6.     Exhibits 53

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 2
 

  

Part I – Financial Information

 

Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation and Subsidiaries

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

(In millions except per share data)  March 31,    December 31,  
    2012    2011  
ASSETS          
Investments          
Fixed maturities, at fair value (amortized cost: 2012—$8,212; 2011—$8,084)  $8,956   $8,779 
Equity securities, at fair value (cost: 2012—$2,158; 2011—$2,162)   3,131    2,956 
Other invested assets   66    66 
Total investments   12,153    11,801 
Cash and cash equivalents   424    438 
Investment income receivable   116    119 
Finance receivable   76    76 
Premiums receivable   1,126    1,087 
Reinsurance receivable   602    622 
Prepaid reinsurance premiums   24    24 
Deferred policy acquisition costs   483    477 
Land, building and equipment, net, for company use (accumulated depreciation:
       2012—$383; 2011—$376)
   235    227 
Other assets   97    93 
Separate accounts   686    671 
Total assets  $16,022   $15,635 
           
LIABILITIES          
Insurance reserves          
Loss and loss expense reserves  $4,347   $4,339 
Life policy and investment contract reserves   2,240    2,214 
Unearned premiums   1,680    1,633 
Other liabilities   537    517 
Deferred income tax   388    303 
Note payable   104    104 
Long-term debt and capital lease obligation   833    821 
Separate accounts   686    671 
Total liabilities   10,815    10,602 
           
Commitments and contingent liabilities (Note 13)        
           
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY          
Common stock, par value—$2 per share; (authorized: 2012 and 2011—500 million shares;
      issued: 2012 and 2011—196 million shares)
   393    393 
Paid-in capital   1,100    1,096 
Retained earnings   3,884    3,863 
Accumulated other comprehensive income   1,047    901 
Treasury stock at cost (2012—34 million shares and 2011—34 million shares)   (1,217)   (1,220)
Total shareholders' equity   5,207    5,033 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity  $16,022   $15,635 

 

Accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 3
 

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation and Subsidiaries

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

 

(In millions except per share data)   Three months ended March 31,  
     2012     2011  
REVENUES          
Earned premiums  $839   $782 
Investment income, net of expenses   131    131 
Total realized investment gains, net   13    12 
Fee revenues   1    1 
Other revenues   2    3 
Total revenues   986    929 
           
BENEFITS AND EXPENSES          
Insurance losses and policyholder benefits   582    575 
Underwriting, acquisition and insurance expenses   274    262 
Interest expense   14    13 
Other operating expenses   4    4 
Total benefits and expenses   874    854 
           
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES   112    75 
           
PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES          
Current   20    24 
Deferred   6    (10)
Total provision for income taxes   26    14 
           
NET INCOME  $86   $61 
           
PER COMMON SHARE          
Net income—basic  $0.53   $0.38 
Net income—diluted   0.53    0.38 
           
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME, BEFORE TAX          
Unrealized gains on investments available-for-sale  $241   $142 
Reclassification adjustment for (gains) included in net income   (13)   (12)
Unrealized gains (losses) on other   (5)   1 
Unrealized gains on investments available-for-sale and other   223    131 
Amortization of actuarial loss and prior service cost   2    1 
Less: amortization of prior service cost included in net income   -    - 
Defined benefit pension plan   2    1 
Other comprehensive income before tax   225    132 
Income tax (expense) benefit related to items of other comprehensive income   (79)   (46)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax   146    86 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME  $232   $147 

 

Accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 4
 

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation and Subsidiaries

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity

 

(In millions)                  Accumulated       Total 
   Common Stock           Other      Share- 
   Outstanding       Paid-In   Retained   Comprehensive   Treasury   holders' 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Earnings   Income   Stock   Equity 
                                    
Balance as reported December 31, 2010   163   $393   $1,091   $3,980   $769   $(1,201)  $5,032 
Cumulative effect of a change in accounting                                   
for deferred policy acquisition costs, net of tax   -    -    -   (20   -    -   (20
Balance as adjusted December 31, 2010   163    393    1,091    3,960    769    (1,201)   5,012 
                                    
Net income   -    -    -    61    -    -    61 
Other comprehensive income, net   -    -    -    -    86    -    86 
Dividends declared   -    -    -    (65)   -    -    (65)
Stock options exercised   -    -    (2)   -    -    3    1 
Stock-based compensation   -    -    3    -    -    -    3 
Other   -    -    (2)   -    -    1    (1)
Balance March 31, 2011   163   $393   $1,090   $3,956   $855   $(1,197)  $5,097 
                                    
Balance December 31, 2011   162   $393   $1,096   $3,863   $901   $(1,220)  $5,033 
                                    
Net income   -    -    -    86    -    -    86 
Other comprehensive income, net   -    -    -    -    146    -    146 
Dividends declared   -    -    -    (65)   -    -    (65)
Stock options exercised   -    -    -    -    -    1    1 
Stock-based compensation   -    -    4    -    -    -    4 
Other   -    -    -    -    -    2    2 
Balance March 31, 2012   162   $393   $1,100   $3,884   $1,047   $(1,217)  $5,207 

 

Accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 5
 

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation and Subsidiaries

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

(In millions)     Three months ended March 31,    
      2012        2011   
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES                
Net income   $ 86     $ 61  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:                
Depreciation, amortization and other non-cash items     11       11  
Realized gains on investments, net     (13 )     (12 )
Stock-based compensation     4       3  
Interest credited to contract holders     9       14  
Deferred income tax (benefit) expense     6       (10 )
Changes in:                
Investment income receivable     3       2  
Premiums and reinsurance receivable     (19 )     (46 )
Deferred policy acquisition costs     (14 )     (14 )
Other assets     (5 )     (5 )
Loss and loss expense reserves     8       39  
Life policy reserves     15       28  
Unearned premiums     47       33  
Other liabilities     (10 )     (70 )
Current income tax receivable/payable     20       23  
Net cash provided by operating activities     148       57  
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES                
Sale of fixed maturities     6       28  
Call or maturity of fixed maturities     195       149  
Sale of equity securities     99       133  
Purchase of fixed maturities     (304 )     (269 )
Purchase of equity securities     (96 )     (66 )
Investment in buildings and equipment, net     (2 )     (2 )
Investment in finance receivables     (9 )     (9 )
Collection of finance receivables     9       6  
Change in other invested assets, net     2       -  
Net cash used in investing activities     (100 )     (30 )
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES                
Payment of cash dividends to shareholders     (64 )     (64 )
Proceeds from stock options exercised     1       -  
Contract holders' funds deposited     31       53  
Contract holders' funds withdrawn     (28 )     (22 )
Excess tax benefits on share-based compensation     1       3  
Other     (3 )     (3 )
Net cash used in financing activities     (62 )     (33 )
Net change in cash and cash equivalents     (14 )     (6 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year     438       385  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period   $ 424     $ 379  
                 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:                
Interest paid   $ -     $ -  
Income taxes paid     -       1  
Non-cash activities:                
Conversion of securities   $ 3     $ -  
Equipment acquired under capital lease obligations     6       19  

 

Accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.          

  

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 6
 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 — Accounting Policies

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Cincinnati Financial Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, each of which is wholly owned. These statements are presented in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP). All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Our actual results could differ from those estimates. The December 31, 2011, condensed consolidated balance sheet amounts are derived from the audited financial statements but do not include all disclosures required by GAAP.

 

Our March 31, 2012, condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited. Certain financial information that is included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP is not required for interim reporting and has been condensed or omitted. We believe that we have made all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring accruals, that are necessary for fair presentation. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements included in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The results of operations for interim periods do not necessarily indicate results to be expected for the full year.

 

Adopted Accounting Updates

 

ASU 2010-26, Accounting for Costs Associated with Acquiring or Renewing Insurance Contracts

 

In October 2010, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2010-26, Accounting for Costs Associated with Acquiring or Renewing Insurance Contracts. ASU 2010-26 modifies the definitions of the type of costs incurred by insurance entities that can be capitalized in the successful acquisition of new and renewal contracts. ASU 2010-26 requires incremental direct costs of successful contract acquisition as well as certain costs related to underwriting, policy issuance and processing, medical and inspection and sales force contract selling for successful contract acquisition to be capitalized. These incremental direct costs and other costs are those that are essential to the contract transaction and would not have been incurred had the contract transaction not occurred. We retrospectively adopted ASU 2010-26 on January 1, 2012. This ASU reduced our shareholders’ equity by $22 million after tax, or $0.13 book value per share as of December 31, 2011.

 

The following table illustrates the effect of adopting ASU 2010-26 in the condensed consolidated balance sheets:

 

 

(In millions, except per share amounts)  March 31,   December 31,
   2012   2011
       As Reported   As Adjusted   Difference 
Deferred policy acquisition costs  $483   $510   $477   $(33)
Total assets   16,022    15,668    15,635    (33)
Deferred income tax   388    314    303    (11)
Shareholders' equity   5,207    5,055    5,033    (22)

 

 

The following table illustrates the effect of adopting ASU 2010-26 in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income:

 

 

(In millions, except per share amounts)  Three months ended March 31, 
   2012   2011    
       As Reported   As Adjusted   Difference 
Underwriting, acquisition and insurance expenses  $274   $261   $262   $1 
Net income   86    62    61    (1)
Net income per share:                    
Basic  $0.53   $0.38   $0.38   $0.00 
Diluted   0.53    0.38    0.38    0.00 

 

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 7
 

 

ASU 2011-04, Fair Value Measurements, Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRS

 

In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-04, Fair Value Measurements, Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The ASU converges fair value measurement and disclosures among U.S. GAAP and IFRS. ASU 2011-04 changes certain fair value measurement principles and expands disclosure requirements. The company adopted ASU 2011-04 during the first quarter of 2012, and it did not have a material impact on our company’s financial position, cash flows or results of operations.

 

ASU No. 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income

 

In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-12, Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income. ASU 2011-05 requires entities to present the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single, continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. ASU 2011-12 defers the changes in ASU 2011-05 that relate to the presentation of reclassification adjustments. The deferral of those changes allows the FASB time to redeliberate whether to present on the face of the financial statements the effects of reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income for all periods presented. The company adopted ASU 2011-12 and ASU 2011-05 during the first quarter of 2012, and it did not have a material impact on our company’s financial position, cash flows or results of operations.

 

NOTE 2 – Segment Information

 

We operate primarily in two industries, property casualty insurance and life insurance. We regularly review our reporting segments to make decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance:

 

·Commercial lines property casualty insurance

 

·Personal lines property casualty insurance

 

·Excess and surplus lines property and casualty insurance

 

·Life insurance

 

·Investments

 

We report as Other the non-investment operations of the parent company and its non-insurer subsidiary, CFC Investment Company. See our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 8, Note 18, Segment Information, Page 136 for a description of revenue, income or loss before income taxes and identifiable assets for each of the five segments.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 8
 

 

Segment information is summarized in the following table:

 

 

(In millions)  Three months ended March 31,  
   2012   2011 
Revenues:          
Commercial lines insurance          
Commercial casualty  $181   $172 
Commercial property   131    126 
Commercial auto   101    96 
Workers' compensation   81    76 
Specialty packages   38    37 
Surety and executive risk   27    25 
Machinery and equipment   9    8 
Commercial lines insurance premiums   568    540 
Fee revenue   1    1 
Total commercial lines insurance   569    541 
           
Personal lines insurance          
Personal auto   98    89 
Homeowner   84    76 
Other personal lines   27    25 
Personal lines insurance premiums   209    190 
           
Excess and surplus lines insurance   21    15 
Life insurance   41    38 
Investment operations   144    143 
Other   2    2 
Total revenues  $986   $929 
           
Income (loss) before income taxes:          
Insurance underwriting results:          
Commercial lines insurance  $34   $(22)
Personal lines insurance   (22)   (3)
Excess and surplus lines insurance   (3)   (5)
Life insurance   (3)   (3)
Investment operations   123    123 
Other   (17)   (15)
Total  $112   $75 

 

Identifiable assets:  March 31,   December 31, 
   2012   2011 
Property casualty insurance  $2,277   $2,272 
Life insurance   1,230    1,237 
Investment operations   12,223    11,883 
Other   292    243 
Total  $16,022   $15,635 

 

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 9
 

 

NOTE 3 – Investments

 

The following table provides cost or amortized cost, gross unrealized gains, gross unrealized losses and fair value for our invested assets:

 

 

(In millions)  Cost or                
   amortized    Gross unrealized    Fair  
At March 31, 2012  cost    gains    losses    value  
Fixed maturities:                    
States, municipalities and political subdivisions  $3,022   $238   $1   $3,259 
Convertibles and bonds with warrants attached   56    -    -    56 
United States government   7    1    -    8 
Government-sponsored enterprises   103    -    -    103 
Foreign government   3    -    -    3 
Corporate securities   5,021    511    5    5,527 
Subtotal   8,212    750    6    8,956 
Equity securities:                    
Common equities   2,071    945    2    3,014 
Preferred equities   87    30    -    117 
Subtotal   2,158    975    2    3,131 
Total  $10,370   $1,725   $8   $12,087 
At December 31, 2011                    
Fixed maturities:                    
States, municipalities and political subdivisions  $3,006   $246   $-   $3,252 
Convertibles and bonds with warrants attached   59    -    -    59 
United States government   6    1    -    7 
Government-sponsored enterprises   159    1    -    160 
Foreign government   3    -    -    3 
Corporate securities   4,851    465    18    5,298 
Subtotal   8,084    713    18    8,779 
Equity securities:                    
Common equities   2,088    801    35    2,854 
Preferred equities   74    28    -    102 
Subtotal   2,162    829    35    2,956 
Total  $10,246   $1,542   $53   $11,735 

 

  

The net unrealized investment gains in our fixed-maturity portfolio are primarily the result of the current low interest rate environment that increased their fair value. The three largest net unrealized investment gains in our common stock portfolio are from Exxon Mobil Corporation (NYSE:XOM), The Procter & Gamble Company (NYSE:PG) and Chevron Corporation (NYSE:CVX), which had a combined net gain position of $281 million. At March 31, 2012, we had $56 million fair value of hybrid securities included in fixed maturities that follow Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 815-15-25, Accounting for Certain Hybrid Financial Instruments. The hybrid securities are carried at fair value, and the changes in fair value are included in realized investment gains and losses. At March 31, 2012, and December 31, 2011, there were no other-than-temporary impairments included within accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI).

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 10
 

 

The table below provides fair values and unrealized losses by investment category and by the duration of the securities’ continuous unrealized loss position:

 

 

(In millions)  Less than 12 months    12 months or more    Total  
   Fair     Unrealized    Fair     Unrealized    Fair     Unrealized  
At March 31, 2012  value     losses    value     losses    value     losses  
Fixed maturities:                              
States, municipalities and political subdivisions  $53   $1   $4   $-   $57   $1 
United States government   2    -    -    -    2    - 
Government-sponsored enterprises   31    -    -    -    31    - 
Corporate securities   153    2    45    3    198    5 
Subtotal   239    3    49    3    288    6 
Equity securities:                              
Common equities   110    2    -    -    110    2 
Preferred equities   5    -    4    -    9    - 
Subtotal   115    2    4    -    119    2 
Total  $354   $5   $53   $3   $407   $8 
                               
At December 31, 2011                              
Fixed maturities:                              
States, municipalities and political subdivisions  $-   $-   $12   $-   $12   $- 
United States government   1    -    -    -    1    - 
Government-sponsored enterprises   10    -    -    -    10    - 
Corporate securities   380    13    57    5    437    18 
Subtotal   391    13    69    5    460    18 
Equity securities:                              
Common equities   333    35    -    -    333    35 
Preferred equities   5    -    19    -    24    - 
Subtotal   338    35    19    -    357    35 
Total  $729   $48   $88   $5   $817   $53 

 

 

The following table provides realized investment gains and losses and the change in unrealized investment gains and losses and other items:

 

 

(In millions)  Three months ended March 31, 
   2012   2011 
Realized investment gains and losses summary:          
Fixed maturities:          
Gross realized gains  $3   $3 
Gross realized losses   -    - 
Other-than-temporary impairments   -    - 
Equity securities:          
Gross realized gains   23    35 
Gross realized losses   -    - 
Other-than-temporary impairments   (16)   (30)
Securities with embedded derivatives   4    4 
Other   (1)   - 
Total  $13   $12 
           
Change in unrealized gains and losses summary:          
Fixed maturities  $49   $8 
Equity securities   179    122 
Adjustment to deferred acquisition costs and life policy reserves   (7)   - 
Pension obligations   2    1 
Other   2    1 
Income taxes on above   (79)   (46)
Total  $146   $86 

 

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, there were no credit losses on fixed-maturity securities for which a portion of other-than-temporary impairment (OTTI) has been recognized in other comprehensive income.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2012, we other-than-temporarily impaired five securities. At March 31, 2012, 14 fixed-maturity investments with a total unrealized loss of $3 million had been in an unrealized loss position for 12 months or more. Of that total, no fixed-maturity investments had fair values below 70 percent of amortized cost. One equity investment with a total unrealized loss of less than $1 million had been in an unrealized loss position for 12 months or more as of March 31, 2012. That equity investment was not trading below 70 percent of cost.

 

At December 31, 2011, 20 fixed-maturity investments with a total unrealized loss of $5 million had been in an unrealized loss position for 12 months or more. Of that total, no fixed-maturity investments had fair values

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 11
 

 

below 70 percent of amortized cost. Two equity investments with a total unrealized loss of less than $1 million had been in an unrealized loss position for 12 months or more as of December 31, 2011. Of that total, no equity investments were trading below 70 percent of cost. 

 

NOTE 4 – Fair Value Measurements

 

Fair Value Hierarchy

 

In accordance with accounting guidance for fair value measurements and disclosures, we categorized our financial instruments, based on the priority of the observable and market-based data for the valuation technique used, into a three-level fair value hierarchy. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices with readily available independent data in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable market inputs (Level 3). When various inputs for measurement fall within different levels of the fair value hierarchy, the lowest observable input that has a significant impact on fair value measurement is used. Our valuation techniques have not changed from those used at December 31, 2011, and ultimately management determines fair value.

 

Financial instruments are categorized based upon the following characteristics or inputs to the valuation techniques:

 

·Level 1 – Financial assets and liabilities for which inputs are observable and are obtained from reliable quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets. This is the most reliable fair value measurement and includes, for example, active exchange-traded equity securities.

 

·Level 2 – Financial assets and liabilities for which values are based on quoted prices in markets that are not active or for which values are based on similar assets and liabilities that are actively traded. This also includes pricing models for which the inputs are corroborated by market data.

 

·Level 3 – Financial assets and liabilities for which values are based on prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement. Level 3 inputs include the following:

 

oQuotes from brokers or other external sources that are not considered binding;

 

oQuotes from brokers or other external sources where it cannot be determined that market participants would in fact transact for the asset or liability at the quoted price; or

 

oQuotes from brokers or other external sources where the inputs are not deemed observable.

 

We conduct a thorough review of fair value hierarchy classifications on a quarterly basis. We primarily base fair value for investments in equity and fixed-maturity securities (including redeemable preferred stock and assets held in separate accounts) on quoted market prices or on prices from a nationally recognized pricing vendor, an outside resource that supplies global securities pricing, dividend, corporate action and descriptive information to support fund pricing, securities operations, research and portfolio management. The company obtains and reviews the pricing service’s valuation methodologies and related inputs and validates these prices by replicating a sample across each asset class using a discounted cash flow model. When a price is not available from these sources, as in the case of securities that are not publicly traded, we determine the fair value using various inputs including quotes from independent brokers. We have generally obtained and evaluated two non-binding quotes from brokers, our investment professionals determine our best estimate of fair value. The fair value of investments not priced by a pricing vendor is less than 1 percent of the fair value of our total investment portfolio. Reclassification of certain financial instruments may occur when input observability changes. All reclassifications are reported as transfers in or out of the Level 3 category as of the beginning of the quarter in which the reclassification occurred.

 

The technique used for the Level 2 fixed-maturity securities and taxable fixed maturities in separate accounts is the application of matrix pricing. The inputs used include relevant market information by asset class, trade activity of like securities, yield to maturity and economic events. All of the Level 2 fixed-maturity securities are priced by a nationally recognized pricing vendor.

 

The Level 2 preferred equities technique used is the application of matrix pricing. The inputs used, similar to those used by the pricing vendor for our fixed-maturity securities, include relevant market information, trade activity of like securities, yield to maturity, corporate action notices and economic events. All of the Level 2 preferred equities are priced by a nationally recognized pricing vendor.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 12
 

 

Fair Value Disclosures for Assets

 

The following tables illustrate the fair value hierarchy for those assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2012, and December 31, 2011. We do not have any material liabilities carried at fair value. There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2.

 

 

(In millions)   Asset fair value measurements at March 31, 2012 using: 
    Quoted prices
in active
markets for
identical assets
(Level 1)
    Significant
other observable
inputs
(Level 2) 
    Significant
unobservable
inputs
(Level 3)
    Total  
Fixed maturities, available for sale:                                
States, municipalities and political subdivisions   $ -     $ 3,257     $ 2     $ 3,259  
Convertibles and bonds with warrants attached     -       56       -       56  
United States government     8       -       -       8  
Government-sponsored enterprises     -       103       -       103  
Foreign government     -       3       -       3  
Corporate securities     -       5,511       16       5,527  
Subtotal     8       8,930       18       8,956  
Common equities, available for sale     3,014       -       -       3,014  
Preferred equities, available for sale     -       110       7       117  
Taxable fixed maturities separate accounts     -       634       -       634  
Top Hat Savings Plan     9       -       -       9  
Total   $ 3,031     $ 9,674     $ 25     $ 12,730  

 

 

 

(In millions)  Asset fair value measurements at December 31, 2011 using:
   Quoted prices
in active
markets for
identical assets
(Level 1)
   Significant
other observable
inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
unobservable
inputs
(Level 3)
   Total 
Fixed maturities, available for sale:                    
States, municipalities and political subdivisions  $-   $3,249   $3   $3,252 
Convertibles and bonds with warrants attached   -    59    -    59 
United States government   7    -    -    7 
Government-sponsored enterprises   -    160    -    160 
Foreign government   -    3    -    3 
Corporate securities   -    5,280    18    5,298 
Subtotal   7    8,751    21    8,779 
Common equities, available for sale   2,854    -    -    2,854 
Preferred equities, available for sale   -    98    4    102 
Taxable fixed-maturities separate accounts   -    628    -    628 
Top Hat Savings Plan   8    -    -    8 
Total  $2,869   $9,477   $25   $12,371 

 

 

Each financial instrument that was deemed to have significant unobservable inputs when determining valuation is identified in the tables below by security type with a summary of changes in fair value as of March 31, 2012. As of March 31, 2012, and December 31, 2011, total Level 3 assets were less than 1 percent of financial assets measured at fair value in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Assets presented in the table below were valued based primarily on broker/dealer quotes for which there is a lack of transparency as to inputs used to develop the valuations. The quantitative detail of these unobservable inputs is neither provided nor reasonably available to us.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 13
 

 

The following table provides the change in Level 3 assets for the three months ended March 31, 2012.

 

 

(In millions)  Asset fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3)
    Corporate fixed maturities    Taxable fixed
maturities-
separate accounts
    States, municipalities
and political subdivisions
fixed maturities
    Preferred equities    Total 
Beginning balance, December 31, 2011  $18   $-   $3   $4   $25 
Total gains or losses (realized/unrealized):                         
Included in earnings   -    -    -    -    - 
Included in other comprehensive income   3    -         2    5 
Purchases   -    -    -    1    1 
Sales   (3)   -    (1)   -    (4)
Transfers into Level 3   1    -    -    -    1 
Transfers out of Level 3   (3)   -    -    -    (3)
Ending balance, March 31, 2012  $16   $-   $2   $7   $25 

 

 

 

(In millions)  Asset fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3)
    Corporate fixed maturities    Taxable fixed
maturities-
separate accounts
    States, municipalities
and political subdivisions
fixed maturities
    Preferred equities    Total 
Beginning balance, December 31, 2010  $20   $2   $4   $5   $31 
Total gains or losses (realized/unrealized):                         
Included in earnings   -    -    -    -    - 
Included in other comprehensive income   -    -    -    -    - 
Purchases   -    -    -    -    - 
Sales   -    -    -    -    - 
Transfers into Level 3   -    -    -    1    1 
Transfers out of Level 3   (9)   (2)   -    -    (11)
Ending balance, March 31, 2011  $11   $-   $4   $6   $21 

 

 

With the exception of the Level 3 reconciliation table, additional disclosure for the Level 3 category is not material.

 

Fair Value Disclosure for Assets and Liabilities Not Carried at Fair Value

 

The disclosures below are presented to provide timely information about the effects of current market conditions on financial instruments that are not reported at fair value in our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

This table summarizes the amortized cost and principal amounts of our long-term debt:

 

 

(In millions)   Book value   Principal amount 
           March 31,   December 31,   March 31,   December 31, 
Interest rate   Year of issue      2012   2011   2012   2011 
 6.900%   1998   Senior debentures, due 2028  $28   $28   $28   $28 
 6.920%   2005   Senior debentures, due 2028   391    391    391    391 
 6.125%   2004   Senior notes, due 2034   371    371    374    374 
           Total  $790   $790   $793   $793 

 

 

The following table shows fair values of our note payable and long-term debt subject to fair value disclosure requirements:

  

 

(In millions)    Note payable and long-term debt fair value disclosures at March 31, 2012 using:
    Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets
(Level 1) 
    Significant other observable inputs
(Level 2) 
    Significant unobservable inputs
(Level 3) 
    Total  
Note payable  $-   $104   $-   $104 
6.9% senior debentures, due 2028   -    30    -    30 
6.92% senior debentures, due 2028   -    436    -    436 
6.125% senior notes, due 2034   -    384    -    384 
Total  $-   $954   $-   $954 

 

  

Fair value of the note payable is determined based upon the outstanding balance at March 31, 2012 because it is short term and tied to a variable interest rate. The note payable was classified as Level 2 as a market does not exist.

 

The fair value of our long-term debt approximated $814 million at year-end 2011. Fair value was determined under the fair value measurements and disclosure accounting rules based on market pricing of similar debt instruments that are actively trading. We determine fair value for our debt the same way

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 14
 

that corporate fixed-maturities are valued in our investment portfolio. Fair value can vary with macroeconomic conditions. Regardless of the fluctuations in fair value, the outstanding principal amount of our long-term debt is $793 million. None of the long-term debt is encumbered by rating triggers.

 

The following table shows the fair value of our life policy loans, included in other invested assets, subject to fair value disclosure requirements:

 

 

(In millions)  Life insurance assets fair value disclosures at March 31, 2012 using: 
    Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets
(Level 1) 
    Significant other observable inputs
(Level 2) 
    Significant unobservable inputs
(Level 3) 
    Total  
Life policy loans  $-   $-   $43   $43

 

 

The fair value of life policy loans outstanding principal and interest approximated $43 million at December 31, 2011. Outstanding principal and interest for these life policy loans was $35 million and $37 million at March 31, 2012, and December 31, 2011, respectively. To determine the fair value, we make the following significant assumptions: (1) the discount rates used to calculate the present value of expected payments are the risk-free spot rates as non-performance risk is minimal; and (2) the loan repayment rate by which policyholders pay off their loan balances is in line with past experience.

 

The following table shows fair values of our deferred annuities and structured settlements, included in life policy and investment contract reserves, subject to fair value disclosure requirements:

 

 

(In millions)  Life insurance liabilities fair value disclosures at March 31, 2012 using:
    Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets
(Level 1)
    Significant other observable inputs
(Level 2)
    Significant unobservable inputs
(Level 3)
    Total
Deferred annuities  $-   $-   $845   $845 
Structured settlements   -    224    -    224 
Total  $-   $224   $845   $1,069 

 

 

The fair value for deferred annuities and structured settlements were $794 million and $208 million, respectively, at December 31, 2011. Recorded reserves for the deferred annuities and structured settlements were $1.034 billion and $1.025 billion at March 31, 2012, and December 31, 2011, respectively.

 

Fair values for deferred annuities are calculated based upon internally developed models because active, observable markets do not exist for those items. To determine the fair value, we make the following significant assumptions: (1) the discount rates used to calculate the present value of expected payments are the risk-free spot rates plus an A3 rated bond spread for financial issuers at March 31, 2012, to account for non-performance risk; (2) the rate of interest credited to policyholders is the portfolio net earned interest rate less a spread for expenses and profit; and (3) additional lapses occur when the credited interest rate is exceeded by an assumed competitor credited rate, which is a function of the risk-free rate of the economic scenario being modeled.

 

Determination of fair value for structured settlements assumes the discount rates used to calculate the present value of expected payments are the risk-free spot rates plus an A3 rated bond spread for financial issuers at March 31, 2012, to account for non-performance risk.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 15
 

 

NOTE 5 – Property Casualty Loss and Loss Expenses

 

This table summarizes activity for our consolidated property casualty loss and loss expense reserves:

 

 

(In millions)  Three months ended March 31,
   2012   2011 
Gross loss and loss expense reserves, January 1  $4,280   $4,137 
Less reinsurance receivable   375    326 
Net loss and loss expense reserves, January 1   3,905    3,811 
Net incurred loss and loss expenses related to:          
Current accident year   655    588 
Prior accident years   (116)   (58)
Total incurred   539    530 
Net paid loss and loss expenses related to:          
Current accident year   132    129 
Prior accident years   375    359 
Total paid   507    488 
           
Net loss and loss expense reserves, March 31   3,937    3,853 
Plus reinsurance receivable   352    326 
Gross loss and loss expense reserves, March 31  $4,289   $4,179 

 

 

We use actuarial methods, models and judgment to estimate, as of a financial statement date, the property casualty loss and loss expense reserves required to pay for and settle all outstanding insured claims, including incurred but not reported (IBNR) claims, as of that date. The actuarial estimate is subject to review and adjustment by an inter-departmental committee that includes actuarial management and is familiar with relevant company and industry business, claims and underwriting trends, as well as general economic and legal trends, that could affect future loss and loss expense payments. The amount we will actually have to pay for claims can be highly uncertain. This uncertainty, together with the size of our reserves, makes the loss and loss expense reserves our most significant estimate. The reserve for loss and loss expenses in the condensed consolidated balance sheets also includes $58 million at March 31, 2012, and $60 million at March 31, 2011, for certain life and health loss and loss expense reserves.

 

During first quarter of 2012, we experienced $116 million of favorable development on prior accident years. There was $22 million from favorable development of catastrophe losses compared with $1 million at March 31, 2011. Overall favorable development for commercial lines reserves illustrated the potential for revisions inherent in estimating reserves, especially for long-tailed lines such as commercial casualty and workers’ compensation. We recognized favorable reserve development of $46 million for the commercial casualty line and favorable development of $22 million for the workers’ compensation line due to reduced uncertainty of prior accident year loss and loss adjustment expense for these lines.

 

NOTE 6 – Deferred Acquisition Costs

 

The expenses associated with issuing insurance policies – primarily commissions, premium taxes and underwriting costs – are deferred and amortized over the terms of the policies. We update our acquisition cost assumptions periodically to reflect actual experience, and we evaluate our deferred acquisition costs for recoverability. All acquisition costs reflect the new ASU 2010-26, Accounting for Costs Associated with Acquiring or Renewing Insurance Contracts, which we adopted on January 1, 2012. The table below shows the deferred policy acquisition costs and asset reconciliation, including the amortized deferred policy acquisition costs.

 

 

(In millions)  Three months ended March 31, 
   2012   2011 
Deferred policy acquisition costs asset at January 1  $477   $458 
Capitalized deferred policy acquisition costs   170    164 
Amortized deferred policy acquisition costs   (156)   (150)
Amortized shadow deferred policy acquisition costs   (8)   - 
Deferred policy acquisition costs asset at March 31  $483   $472 

 

 

There were no premium deficiencies recorded in the reported condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income, as the sum of the anticipated loss and loss adjustment expenses, policyholder dividends and unamortized deferred acquisition expenses did not exceed the related unearned premiums and anticipated investment income.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 16
 

 

NOTE 7 – Life Policy and Investment Contract Reserves

 

We establish the reserves for traditional life insurance policies based on expected expenses, mortality, morbidity, withdrawal rates and investment yields, including a provision for uncertainty. Once these assumptions are established, they generally are maintained throughout the lives of the contracts. We use both our own experience and industry experience, adjusted for historical trends, in arriving at our assumptions for expected mortality, morbidity and withdrawal rates as well as for expected expenses. We base our assumptions for expected investment income on our own experience adjusted for current economic conditions.

 

We establish reserves for the company’s universal life, deferred annuity and structured settlements equal to the cumulative account balances, which include premium deposits plus credited interest less charges and withdrawals. Some of our universal life policies contain no-lapse guarantee provisions. For these policies, we establish a reserve in addition to the account balance, based on expected no-lapse guarantee benefits and expected policy assessments.

 

 

(In millions)  March 31,   December 31, 
   2012   2011 
Ordinary/traditional life  $704   $691 
Universal life   485    481 
Deferred annuities   837    827 
Structured settlements   197    198 
Other   17    17 
Total gross reserves  $2,240   $2,214 

 

 

NOTE 8 – Reinsurance

 

Reinsurance mitigates the risk of highly uncertain exposures and limits the maximum net loss that can arise from large risks or risks concentrated in areas of exposure. Primary components of our property and casualty reinsurance program include a property risk treaty, casualty per occurrence treaty and property catastrophe treaty.

 

Our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income include earned consolidated property casualty insurance premiums on assumed and ceded business: 

 

 

(In millions)  Three months ended March 31, 
   2012   2011 
Direct earned premiums  $839   $780 
Assumed earned premiums   3    5 
Ceded earned premiums   (44)   (40)
Net earned premiums  $798   $745 

 

 

Our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income include incurred consolidated property casualty insurance loss and loss expenses on assumed and ceded business:

 

 

(In millions)  Three months ended March 31, 
   2012     2011 
Direct incurred loss and loss expenses  $536   $527 
Assumed incurred loss and loss expenses   5    15 
Ceded incurred loss and loss expenses   (2)   (12)
Net incurred loss and loss expenses  $539   $530 

 

 

Our life insurance company purchases reinsurance for protection of a portion of the risk that is written. Primary components of our life reinsurance program include individual mortality coverage and aggregate catastrophe and accidental death coverage in excess of certain deductibles. Our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income include earned life insurance premiums on ceded business:

 

 

(In millions)  Three months ended March 31, 
   2012   2011 
Direct earned premiums  $54   $50 
Assumed earned premiums   -    - 
Ceded earned premiums   (13)   (13)
Net earned premiums  $41   $37 

 

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 17
 

 

Our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income include life insurance contract holders’ benefits incurred on ceded business:

 

 

(In millions)  Three months ended March 31, 
   2012   2011 
Direct contract holders' benefits incurred  $53   $53 
Assumed contract holders' benefits incurred   -    - 
Ceded contract holders' benefits incurred   (10)   (8)
Net incurred loss and loss expenses  $43   $45 

 

 

NOTE 9 – Net Income Per Common Share

 

Basic earnings per share are computed based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share are computed based on the weighted average number of common and dilutive potential common shares outstanding.

 

Here are calculations for basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

 

(Dollars in millions except share data in thousands)  Three months ended March 31,  
   2012    2011  
Numerator:          
Net income—basic and diluted  $86   $61 
           
Denominator:          
Weighted-average common shares outstanding   162,277    162,940 
Effect of stock based awards:          
Nonvested shares   541    526 
Stock options   327    204 
Adjusted weighted-average shares   163,145    163,670 
           
Earnings per share:          
Basic  $0.53   $0.38 
Diluted   0.53    0.38 
           
Number of anti-dilutive stock based awards   6,215    6,919 

 

 

The current sources of dilution of our common shares are certain equity-based awards as discussed in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 8, Note 17, Stock-Based Associate Compensation Plans, Page 134. The above table shows the number of anti-dilutive stock-based awards for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011. We did not include these stock-based awards in the computation of net income per common share (diluted) because their exercise would have anti-dilutive effects.

 

NOTE 10 – Employee Retirement Benefits

 

The following summarizes the components of net periodic costs for our qualified and supplemental pension plans:

 

 

(In millions)  Three months ended March 31, 
   2012   2011 
Service cost  $3   $3 
Interest cost   3    3 
Expected return on plan assets   (4)   (4)
Amortization of actuarial loss and prior service cost   2    1 
Net periodic benefit cost  $4   $3 

 

 

See our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 8, Note 13, Employee Retirement Benefits, Page 130 for information on our retirement benefits. We made matching contributions of $2 million to our 401(k) savings plan during both the first quarter of 2012 and 2011.

 

We made no contribution to the pension plan during the first quarter of 2012. We anticipate contributing $14 million during 2012 to our qualified pension plan as indicated in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 18
 

 

NOTE 11 – Stock-Based Compensation Plans

 

We currently have three equity compensation plans that permit us to grant various types of equity awards. We currently grant incentive stock options, non-qualified stock options, service-based restricted stock units and performance-based restricted stock units, including some with market-based performance objectives, under our shareholder-approved plans to associates. We also have a Holiday Stock Plan that permits annual awards of one share of common stock to each full-time associate for each full calendar year of service up to a maximum of 10 shares. One of our equity compensation plans permits us to grant stock to our outside directors as a component of their annual compensation. For additional information about our equity compensation plans, see our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 8, Note 17, Stock-Based Associate Compensation Plans, Page 134.

 

A total of 10.3 million shares are authorized to be granted under the shareholder-approved plans. At March 31, 2012, 1.9 million shares were available for future issuance under the plans.

 

Stock-Based Awards

 

During the first quarter of 2012, we granted 24,118 shares of common stock to our directors for 2011 board service fees. Stock-based awards were granted to associates during the first quarter of 2012 and are summarized in the tables below. Stock-based compensation cost after tax was $3 million and $2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

As of March 31, 2012, $31 million of unrecognized compensation costs related to non-vested awards is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.4 years.

 

Here is a summary of option information:

 

 

(Shares in thousands)  Shares   Weighted-
average
exercise price
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2012   9,357   $36.71 
Granted   535    35.63 
Exercised   (44)   27.89 
Forfeited or expired   (1,072)   35.36 
Outstanding at March 31, 2012   8,776    36.86 

 

 

Here is a summary of restricted stock unit information:

 

 

(Shares in thousands)  Service-based  shares   Weighted-average grant-date fair value   Performance-based shares   Weighted-average grant-date fair value 
Nonvested at January 1, 2012   563   $26.05    156   $25.86 
Granted   402    31.14    110    34.89 
Vested   (2)   25.58    (53)   22.88 
Forfeited or canceled   (6)   27.09    0    0.00 
Nonvested at March 31, 2012   957    28.18    213    31.26 

 

 

NOTE 12 – Income Taxes

 

As of March 31, 2012, and December 31, 2011, we had no liability for unrecognized tax benefits. Details about our liability for unrecognized tax benefits are found in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 8, Note 11, Income Taxes, Pages 129 and 130.

 

The differences between the 35 percent statutory income tax rate and our effective income tax rate were as follows:

 

 

(Dollars in millions)  Three months ended March 31, 
   2012   2011 
Tax at statutory rate  $39    35.0%  $26    35.0%
Increase (decrease) resulting from:                    
Tax-exempt income from municipal bonds   (8)   (7.6)   (9)   (11.6)
Dividend received exclusion   (6)   (4.8)   (5)   (6.8)
Other   1    0.6    2    2.1 
Provision for income taxes  $26    23.2%  $14    18.7%

 

 

The change in our effective tax rate was primarily due to changes in pretax income from underwriting results and realized investment gains and losses.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 19
 

 

NOTE 13 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities

 

In the ordinary course of conducting business, the company and its subsidiaries are named as defendants in various legal proceedings. Most of these proceedings are claims litigation involving the company’s insurance subsidiaries in which the company is either defending or providing indemnity for third-party claims brought against insureds who are litigating first-party coverage claims. The company accounts for such activity through the establishment of unpaid loss and loss adjustment expense reserves. We believe that the ultimate liability, if any, with respect to such ordinary-course claims litigation, after consideration of provisions made for potential losses and costs of defense, is immaterial to our consolidated financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

The company and its subsidiaries also are occasionally involved in other legal actions, some of which assert claims for substantial amounts. These actions include, among others, putative class actions seeking certification of a state or national class. Such putative class actions have alleged, for example, breach of an alleged duty to search national data bases to ascertain unreported deaths of insureds under life insurance policies. The company’s insurance subsidiaries also are occasionally parties to individual actions in which extra-contractual damages, punitive damages or penalties are sought, such as claims alleging bad faith in the handling of insurance claims or claims alleging discrimination by former associates.

 

On a quarterly basis, we review these outstanding matters. Under current accounting guidance, we establish accruals when it is probable that a loss has been incurred and we can reasonably estimate its potential exposure. The company accounts for such probable and estimable losses, if any, through the establishment of legal expense reserves. Based on our quarterly review, we believe that our accruals for probable and estimable losses are reasonable and that the amounts accrued do not have a material effect on our consolidated financial condition or results of operations. However, if any one or more of these matters results in a judgment against us or settlement for an amount that is significantly greater than the amount accrued, the resulting liability could have a material effect on the company’s consolidated results of operations or cash flows. Based on our quarterly review, for any other matter for which the risk of loss is more than remote we are unable to reasonably estimate the potential loss or establish a reasonable range of loss.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 20
 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion highlights significant factors influencing the consolidated results of operations and financial position of Cincinnati Financial Corporation (CFC). It should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Unless otherwise noted, the industry data is prepared by A.M. Best Co., a leading insurance industry statistical, analytical and financial strength rating organization. Information from A.M. Best is presented on a statutory basis. When we provide our results on a comparable statutory basis, we label it as such; all other company data is presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP).

 

As discussed in Item 1, Note 1, Accounting Policies, Page 7, effective January 1, 2012, we adopted ASU 2010-26, Accounting for Costs Associated with Acquiring or Renewing Insurance Contracts. We adjusted applicable financial statements. Related financial data shown in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations also have been adjusted.

 

We present per share data on a diluted basis unless otherwise noted, adjusting those amounts for all stock splits and dividends. Dollar amounts are rounded to millions; calculations of percent changes are based on dollar amounts rounded to the nearest million. Certain percentage changes are identified as not meaningful (nm).

 

Safe Harbor Statement

 

This is our “Safe Harbor” statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Our business is subject to certain risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those suggested by the forward-looking statements in this report. Some of those risks and uncertainties are discussed in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 1A, Risk Factors, Page 26.

 

Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to:

 

·Unusually high levels of catastrophe losses due to risk concentrations, changes in weather patterns, environmental events, terrorism incidents or other causes

 

·Increased frequency and/or severity of claims

 

·Inadequate estimates or assumptions used for critical accounting estimates

 

·Recession or other economic conditions resulting in lower demand for insurance products or increased payment delinquencies

 

·Declines in overall stock market values negatively affecting the company’s equity portfolio and book value

 

·Events resulting in capital market or credit market uncertainty, followed by prolonged periods of economic instability or recession, that lead to:

 

oSignificant or prolonged decline in the value of a particular security or group of securities and impairment of the asset(s)

 

oSignificant decline in investment income due to reduced or eliminated dividend payouts from a particular security or group of securities

 

oSignificant rise in losses from surety and director and officer policies written for financial institutions or other insured entities

 

·Prolonged low interest rate environment or other factors that limit the company’s ability to generate growth in investment income or interest rate fluctuations that result in declining values of fixed-maturity investments, including declines in accounts in which we hold bank-owned life insurance contract assets

 

·Increased competition that could result in a significant reduction in the company’s premium volume

 

·Delays or performance inadequacies from ongoing development and implementation of underwriting and pricing methods or technology projects and enhancements expected to increase our pricing accuracy, underwriting profit and competitiveness

 

·Changing consumer insurance-buying habits and consolidation of independent insurance agencies that could alter our competitive advantages

 

·Inability to obtain adequate reinsurance on acceptable terms, amount of reinsurance purchased, financial strength of reinsurers and the potential for non-payment or delay in payment by reinsurers

 

·Inability to defer policy acquisition costs for any business segment if pricing and loss trends would lead management to conclude that segment could not achieve sustainable profitability

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 21
 

 

·Events or conditions that could weaken or harm the company’s relationships with its independent agencies and hamper opportunities to add new agencies, resulting in limitations on the company’s opportunities for growth, such as:

 

oDowngrades of the company’s financial strength ratings

 

oConcerns that doing business with the company is too difficult

 

oPerceptions that the company’s level of service, particularly claims service, is no longer a distinguishing characteristic in the marketplace

 

·Actions of insurance departments, state attorneys general or other regulatory agencies, including a change to a federal system of regulation from a state-based system, that:

 

oImpose new obligations on us that increase our expenses or change the assumptions underlying our critical accounting estimates

 

oPlace the insurance industry under greater regulatory scrutiny or result in new statutes, rules and regulations

 

oRestrict our ability to exit or reduce writings of unprofitable coverages or lines of business

 

oAdd assessments for guaranty funds, other insurance related assessments or mandatory reinsurance arrangements; or that impair our ability to recover such assessments through future surcharges or other rate changes

 

oIncrease our provision for federal income taxes due to changes in tax law

 

oIncrease our other expenses

 

oLimit our ability to set fair, adequate and reasonable rates

 

oPlace us at a disadvantage in the marketplace

 

oRestrict our ability to execute our business model, including the way we compensate agents

 

·Adverse outcomes from litigation or administrative proceedings

 

·Events or actions, including unauthorized intentional circumvention of controls, that reduce the company’s future ability to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

·Unforeseen departure of certain executive officers or other key employees due to retirement, health or other causes that could interrupt progress toward important strategic goals or diminish the effectiveness of certain longstanding relationships with insurance agents and others

 

·Events, such as an epidemic, natural catastrophe or terrorism, that could hamper our ability to assemble our workforce at our headquarters location

 

·Difficulties with technology or data security breaches, including cyber attacks, that could negatively affect our ability to conduct business and our relationships with agents, policyholders and others

 

Further, the company’s insurance businesses are subject to the effects of changing social, economic and regulatory environments. Public and regulatory initiatives have included efforts to adversely influence and restrict premium rates, restrict the ability to cancel policies, impose underwriting standards and expand overall regulation. The company also is subject to public and regulatory initiatives that can affect the market value for its common stock, such as measures affecting corporate financial reporting and governance. The ultimate changes and eventual effects, if any, of these initiatives are uncertain.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 22
 

 

Introduction

 

Corporate Financial Highlights

 

Statements of Comprehensive Income and Per Share Data

 

(Dollars in millions except share data in thousands)   Three months ended March 31, 
    2012    2011    Change % 
Statement of operations data               
Earned premiums  $839   $782    7 
Investment income, net of expenses (pretax)   131    131    0 
Realized investment gains and losses (pretax)   13    12    8 
Total revenues   986    929    6 
Net income   86    61    41 
Comprehensive income   232    147    58 
Per share data               
Net income  - diluted  $0.53   $0.38    39 
Cash dividends declared   0.4025    0.40    1 
               
Weighted average shares outstanding   163,145    163,670    0 

 

 

Revenues rose for the first quarter of 2012 compared with the first quarter of 2011, primarily due to growth in earned premiums. Premium and investment revenue trends are discussed further in the respective sections of Results of Operations, Page 28.

 

Realized investment gains and losses are recognized on the sales of investments or as otherwise required by GAAP. We have substantial discretion in the timing of investment sales, and that timing generally is independent of the insurance underwriting process. GAAP also requires us to recognize in net income the gains or losses from certain changes in fair values of securities even though we continue to hold the securities.

 

Net income for the first quarter of 2012 compared with the 2011 first quarter increased $25 million, reflecting stronger property casualty underwriting income that also rose $25 million after taxes. Higher catastrophe losses, mostly weather related, reduced net-of-taxes property casualty underwriting results by $31 million more than the first quarter of 2011, but that unfavorable effect was offset by better underwriting results before catastrophes. Life insurance segment results and investment segment results for the first quarter of 2012 were both even with the first quarter of 2011. Performance by segment is discussed below in Results of Operations, beginning on Page 28. As discussed in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 7, Factors Influencing Our Future Performance, Page 41, there are several reasons that our performance during 2012 may be below our long-term targets. In that annual report, as part of Results of Operations, we also discussed the full-year 2012 outlook for each reporting segment.

 

The board of directors is committed to rewarding shareholders directly through cash dividends and through share repurchase authorizations. Through 2011, the company had increased the indicated annual cash dividend rate for 51 consecutive years, a record we believe was matched by only nine other publicly traded companies. Cash dividends declared during the first three months of 2012 increased approximately 1 percent compared with the same period of 2011. Our board regularly evaluates relevant factors in share repurchase- and dividend-related decisions, and the 2011 dividend increase signaled confidence in our strong capital, liquidity and financial flexibility, as well as progress through our initiatives to improve earnings performance.

 

Balance Sheet Data and Performance Measures

 

 

(Dollars in millions except share data)  At March 31,   At December 31, 
   2012   2011 
Balance sheet data          
Invested assets  $12,153   $11,801 
Total assets   16,022    15,635 
Short-term debt   104    104 
Long-term debt   790    790 
Shareholders' equity   5,207    5,033 
Book value per share   32.07    31.03 
Debt-to-total-capital ratio   14.7%   15.1%

 

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 23
 

 

Total assets increased 2 percent compared with year-end 2011, largely due to growth in invested assets that was primarily driven by higher market valuation. Shareholders’ equity rose 3 percent and book value per share was also up 3 percent during the first three months of 2012. Our debt-to-total-capital ratio (capital is the sum of debt plus shareholders’ equity) decreased compared with year-end 2011. The value creation ratio, a non-GAAP measure defined below, was higher for the first three months of 2012 compared with 2011, primarily due to growth in unrealized investment gains and net income.

 

The $1.04 increase in book value per share during the first three months of 2012 contributed 3.3 percentage points to the value creation ratio while dividends declared at $0.4025 per share during the first three months of 2012 contributed 1.3 points. Value creation ratio trends and a reconciliation of the non-GAAP measure to comparable GAAP measures are shown in the tables below.

 

 

   Three months ended March 31, 
   2012   2011 
Performance measure          
Value creation ratio   4.6%   2.9%

 

 

(Dollars are per share)  Three months ended March 31, 
   2012   2011 
Value creation ratio        
End of period book value  $32.07   $31.27 
Less beginning of period book value   31.03    30.79 
Change in book value   1.04    0.48 
Dividend declared to shareholders   0.40    0.40 
Total contribution to value creation ratio  $1.44   $0.88 
           
Contribution to value creation ratio from change in book value   3.3%   1.6%
Contribution to value creation ratio from dividends declared to shareholders   1.3    1.3 
Value creation ratio   4.6%   2.9%

 

 

Progress Toward Long-Term Value Creation

 

Operating through The Cincinnati Insurance Company, Cincinnati Financial Corporation is one of the 25 largest property casualty insurers in the nation, based on 2011 direct written premium volume for approximately 2,000 U.S. stock and mutual insurer groups. We market our insurance products through a select group of independent insurance agencies in 39 states as discussed in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 1, Our Business and Our Strategy, Page 3.

 

We maintain a long-term perspective that guides us in addressing immediate challenges or opportunities while focusing on the major decisions that best position our company for success through all market cycles. We believe that this forward-looking view has consistently benefited our policyholders, agents, shareholders and associates.

 

To measure our long-term progress in creating shareholder value, we have defined a value creation metric that we believe captures the contribution of our insurance operations, the success of our investment strategy and the importance we place on paying cash dividends to shareholders. This measure, our value creation ratio or VCR, is made up of two primary components: (1) our rate of growth in book value per share plus (2) the ratio of dividends declared per share to beginning book value per share. For the period 2010 through 2014, an annual value creation ratio averaging 12 percent to 15 percent is our primary performance target. Management believes this non-GAAP measure is a useful supplement to GAAP information.

 

Performance Drivers

 

When looking at our long-term objectives, we see three performance drivers:

 

·Premium growth – We believe over any five-year period our agency relationships and initiatives can lead to a property casualty written premium growth rate that exceeds the industry average. For the first three months of 2012, our total property casualty net written premiums’ year-over-year growth was 8 percent, comparing favorably with A.M. Best’s projection of 4 percent full-year growth for the industry excluding the mortgage and financial guaranty lines of business, as of February 2012. Our premium growth initiatives are discussed below in Highlights of Our Strategies and Supporting Initiatives, Page 25

 

Combined ratio – We believe our underwriting philosophy and initiatives can generate a GAAP combined ratio over any five-year period that is consistently within the range of 95 percent to 100 percent. For the first three months of 2012, our GAAP combined ratio was 99.1 percent and our statutory combined ratio was 98.8 percent, both including 13.9 percentage points of current accident year catastrophe losses offset by 14.5 percentage points of favorable loss reserve development on prior accident years. As of February 2012, A.M. Best forecasted the industry’s full-year 2012 statutory combined ratio at approximately 102 percent, including approximately 5 percentage points of catastrophe losses and a favorable impact of approximately 3 percentage points from prior accident year reserve releases. For the commercial lines industry segment, A.M. Best forecasted a full-year 2012 statutory combined ratio at approximately 104 percent, including approximately 4 percentage

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 24
 

 

points of catastrophe losses and a favorable impact of approximately 2 percentage points from prior accident year reserve releases.

 

·Investment contribution – We believe our investment philosophy and initiatives can drive investment income growth and lead to a total return on our equity investment portfolio over a five-year period that exceeds the five-year return of the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index. For the first three months of 2012, pretax investment income was $131 million, flat compared with the same period in 2011. We believe our investment portfolio mix provides an appropriate balance of income stability and growth with capital appreciation potential.

 

Highlights of Our Strategy and Supporting Initiatives

 

Management has worked to identify a strategy that can lead to long-term success, with concurrence by the board of directors. Our strategy is intended to position us to compete successfully in the markets we have targeted while appropriately managing risk. Further description of our long-term, proven strategy can be found in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 1, Our Business and Our Strategy, Page 3. We believe successful implementation of initiatives that support our strategy, summarized below, will help us better serve our agent customers and reduce variability in our financial results while we also grow earnings and book value over the long term, successfully navigating challenging economic, market or industry pricing cycles.

 

·Improve insurance profitability – Implementation of these initiatives is intended to improve pricing capabilities for our property casualty business and increase our ability to manage our business while also enhancing our efficiency. Improved pricing capabilities through the use of technology and analytics can lead to better profit margins. Improved internal processes with additional performance metrics can help us be more efficient and effective. These initiatives also support the ability of the agencies that represent us to grow profitably by allowing them to serve clients faster and to more efficiently manage agency expenses.

 

·Drive premium growth – Implementation of these initiatives is intended to further penetrate each market we serve through our independent agency network. Strategies aimed at specific market opportunities, along with service enhancements, can help our agents grow and increase our share of their business. Diversified growth also may reduce variability of losses from weather-related catastrophes.

 

We discuss initiatives supporting each of these strategies below, along with metrics we use to assess our progress.

 

Improve Insurance Profitability

 

The main initiatives to improve our insurance profitability include:

 

·Improve pricing precision using predictive analytics – We continue efforts to expand our pricing capabilities by using predictive analytics and expect cumulative benefits of these efforts to improve loss ratios over time. Expanded capabilities include streamlining and optimizing data to improve accuracy, timeliness and ease of use. Development of additional business data to support accurate underwriting, pricing and other business decisions also continues. A phased project that will continue over the next several years will deploy a full data management program, including a data warehouse for our property casualty and life insurance operations, providing enhanced granularity of pricing data. Progress to date during 2012 and future plans for key initiatives are summarized below.

 

We are developing the next version of our workers’ compensation predictive modeling tool and will further integrate it with our policy administration systems. Additional integration should enhance the ability of underwriters to target profitability and to discuss pricing impacts with agency personnel.

 

In late 2011, we developed tools to improve pricing precision for small business policies written through our new product known as CinciPakTM. Plans to implement these tools for underwriters’ use include rolling them out to eight states by the end of 2012. Progress during the first quarter included commencing a pilot for a few dozen agencies in one state, as scheduled.

 

For our personal lines business, we will continue to enhance our pricing model attributes and expand our pricing points to add more precision during 2012. This is helping us continue to be competitive on the most desirable business and to adapt more rapidly to changes in market conditions. Progress during the first quarter included completion of a homeowner’s policy rate proposal based on the latest modeled results. Changes based on the proposal will be filed in the majority of our states with effective dates in the fourth quarter of 2012.

 

·Improve internal processes – Improved processes support our strategic goals, reducing internal costs and allowing us to focus more resources on providing agency services. Important process improvement efforts include ongoing simplification of new business processing between company and agency management

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 25
 

 

systems, and future processing of some small commercial lines business without intervention by an underwriter. We also are developing additional talent management capabilities to further improve the effectiveness of all associates.

 

Completion of development for additional coverages in our commercial lines policy administration system is expected to facilitate important internal process improvement initiatives. For our personal lines business, we have also been developing business rules and parameters to allow future processing of some policies without intervention by an underwriter, for risks that meet qualifying underwriting criteria. The objective is to streamline processing for our agents and associates, permitting more time for risks that need additional service or attention while also reducing internal costs. Progress during the first quarter included expansion of our pilot to automate renewal underwriting into three additional states, for a total of four states. 

 

We measure the overall success of our strategy to improve insurance profitability primarily through our GAAP combined ratio for property casualty results, which we believe can be consistently within the range of 95 percent to 100 percent for any five-year period. We also compare our statutory combined ratio to the industry average to gauge our progress, as discussed in the Performance Drivers section above.

 

In addition, we expect these initiatives to contribute to our rank as the No. 1 or No. 2 carrier based on premium volume in agencies that have represented us for at least five years. In 2011, we again earned that rank in approximately 75 percent of the agencies that have represented Cincinnati Insurance for more than five years, based on 2010 premiums. We are working to increase the percentage of agencies where we achieve that rank.

 

Drive Premium Growth

 

Primary initiatives to drive premium growth include:

 

·Expansion of our marketing capabilities – We continue to enhance our generalist approach to allow our appointed agencies to better compete in the marketplace by providing services agent’s clients want and need. Expansion initiatives include adding field associates for additional agency support in targeted areas, entering new states of operation for personal lines, and further development of targeted marketing activities. Progress to date during 2012 and future plans for key initiatives are summarized below.

 

During 2012, we will add field marketing representatives who specialize in standard commercial lines, personal lines or excess and surplus lines. Progress during the first quarter included the placement of two new personal lines field marketing representatives, one based in Buffalo, New York – providing service to agencies throughout upstate New York, and one based in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania – providing service to agencies in Maryland in addition to Pennsylvania. For our excess and surplus lines operation, we have been approved as a non-admitted carrier and brokerage in Delaware, and during the first quarter of 2012 we expanded our field underwriting presence in northeast Ohio, introduced a new quick-issue offering for special event policies, and began more broadly marketing our expertise in large accounts.

 

Expansion of our personal lines operation is planned for three additional states where we currently do not offer personal lines products. We entered the first state, New York, during the first quarter of 2012.

 

We also continue to develop and coordinate targeted marketing, including cross-selling opportunities, through our Target Markets department. This area focuses on commercial product development, including identification and promotional support for promising classes of business. We offered nine target markets programs to our agencies at the end of 2011. During the first quarter of 2012, we completed one of the four additional target market programs we plan to launch by the end of the year. We also rolled out a new product by offering additional coverage forms for one of our existing programs.

 

·New agency appointments – We continue to appoint new agencies to develop additional points of distribution, focusing on areas where our market share is less than 1 percent while also considering economic and catastrophe risk factors. In 2012, we are targeting approximately 130 appointments of independent agencies. During the first three months of 2012, we appointed 56 new agencies that write in aggregate approximately $650 million in property casualty premiums annually with various insurance carriers for an average of more than $10 million per agency. As of March 31, 2012, a total of 1,346 agency relationships market our standard market insurance products from 1,696 reporting locations.

 

We seek to build a close, long-term relationship with each agency we appoint. We carefully evaluate the marketing reach of each new appointment to ensure the territory can support both current and new agencies. During April 2012, we added two new marketing territories for commercial lines. Our 127 commercial lines field marketing territories are staffed by marketing representatives averaging 19 years of industry experience and 10 years as a Cincinnati Insurance field marketing

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 26
 

representative. The team of field associates in each territory works together with headquarters support associates to form our agent-centered business model, providing local expertise, helping us better understand the accounts we underwrite and creating market advantages for our agents. We help our agents grow their business by attracting more clients in their communities through unique Cincinnati-style service, and generally have earned a 10 percent share of an agency’s business within 10 years of its appointment.

 

We measure the overall success of our strategy to drive premium growth primarily through changes in net written premiums, as discussed in the Performance Drivers section above. In addition to tracking our progress toward our year 2015 direct written premiums target, we believe we can grow faster than the industry average over any five-year period.

 

An important part of our long-term strategy is financial strength, which is described in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 1, Our Business and Our Strategy, Financial Strength, Page 5. One aspect of our financial strength is prudent use of reinsurance to help manage financial performance variability due to catastrophe loss experience. A description of how we use reinsurance is included in our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 7, Liquidity and Capital Resources, 2012 Reinsurance Programs, Page 98. Another aspect is our investment portfolios, which remain well-diversified as discussed in Item 3, Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk, Page 46. We continue to maintain strong parent company liquidity and financial strength that increases our flexibility through all periods to maintain our cash dividend and to continue to invest in and expand our insurance operations. At March 31, 2012, we held $1.076 billion of our cash and invested assets at the parent company level, of which $846 million, or 78.7 percent, was invested in common stocks, and $22 million, or 2.0 percent, was cash or cash equivalents. Our debt-to-total-capital ratio at 14.7 percent remains well below our target limit of 20 percent. Another important indicator of financial strength is our ratio of property casualty net written premiums to statutory surplus, which was 0.8-to-1 for the 12 months ended March 31, 2012, unchanged from 0.8-to-1 at year-end 2011.

 

Our financial strength ratings by independent ratings firms also are important. In addition to rating our parent company’s senior debt, four firms award insurer financial strength ratings to our property casualty and life companies based on their quantitative and qualitative analyses. These ratings primarily assess an insurer’s ability to meet financial obligations to policyholders and do not necessarily address all of the matters that may be important to investors. Ratings may be subject to revision or withdrawal at any time by the rating agency, and each rating should be evaluated independently of any other rating.

 

As of April 25, 2012, our insurer financial strength ratings were:

 

    Insurer Financial Strength Ratings  
Rating
Agency
  Standard Market Property Casualty Insurance Subsidiary   Life Insurance
 Subsidiary
  Excess and Surplus
Insurance
 Subsidiary
  Date of Most Recent Affirmation or Action
        Rating Tier       Rating Tier       Rating Tier    
A. M. Best Co.   A+ Superior  2 of 16   A Excellent  3 of 16   A Excellent  3 of 16   Stable outlook (12/23/11)
Fitch Ratings   A+ Strong  5 of 21   A+ Strong  5 of 21   - - -   Stable outlook (11/14/11)
Moody's Investors Service   A1 Good  5 of 21   - - -   - - -   Negative outlook (10/21/11)
Standard & Poor's Ratings Services   A Strong  6 of 21   A Strong  6 of 21   - - -   Stable outlook (8/4/11)

  

All of our insurance subsidiaries continue to be highly rated. No ratings agency actions to our insurer financial strength ratings occurred during the first quarter of 2012.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 27
 

 

Results of Operations

 

The consolidated results of operations reflect the operating results of each of our five segments along with the parent company and other activities reported as “Other.” The five segments are:

 

·Commercial lines property casualty insurance

 

·Personal lines property casualty insurance

 

·Excess and surplus lines property casualty insurance

 

·Life insurance

 

·Investments

 

We report as Other the non-investment operations of the parent company and its non-insurer subsidiary, CFC Investment Company. See Item 1, Note 12, Segment Information, Page 19, for discussion of the calculations of segment data. Results of operations for each of the five segments are discussed below.

 

Consolidated Property Casualty Insurance Results of Operations

 

Consolidated property casualty insurance results include premiums and expenses for our standard market insurance (commercial lines and personal lines segments) as well as our surplus lines operations.

 

 

(Dollars in millions)  Three months ended March 31, 
   2012   2011   Change % 
Earned premiums  $798   $745    7 
Fee revenues   1    1    0 
Total revenues   799    746    7 
                
Loss and loss expenses from:               
Current accident year before catastrophe losses   544    546    0 
Current accident year catastrophe losses   111    42    164 
Prior accident years before catastrophe losses   (94)   (57)   (65)
Prior accident years catastrophe losses   (22)   (1)   nm 
Total loss and loss expenses   539    530    2 
Underwriting expenses   251    246    2 
Underwriting profit (loss)  $9   $(30)   nm 
                
Ratios as a percent of earned premiums:            Pt. Change 
Current accident year before catastrophe losses   68.1%   73.3%   (5.2)
Current accident year catastrophe losses   13.9    5.7    8.2 
Prior accident years before catastrophe losses   (11.7)   (7.7)   (4.0)
Prior accident years catastrophe losses   (2.8)   (0.2)   (2.6)
Total loss and loss expenses   67.5    71.1    (3.6)
Underwriting expenses   31.6    33.0    (1.4)
Combined ratio   99.1%   104.1%   (5.0)
                
Combined ratio:   99.1%   104.1%   (5.0)
Contribution from catastrophe losses and prior years               
reserve development   (0.6)   (2.2)   1.6 
Combined ratio before catastrophe losses and prior               
years reserve development   99.7%   106.3%   (6.6)

 

 

Our consolidated property casualty insurance operations generated an underwriting gain of $9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2012, compared with an underwriting loss of $30 million for the three months ended March 31, 2011. The primary causes of the improved underwriting results were improving trends in pricing relative to loss costs and more favorable trends in prior accident year loss reserve development. Paid loss and loss expenses, before catastrophes, were 1 percent lower for the first quarter of 2012 compared with first-quarter 2011, although earned premiums were up 7 percent. Reserves for losses and loss expenses incurred but not reported (IBNR), net of reinsurance, rose 4 percent during the first quarter of 2012, including 1 percent for catastrophe losses. We believe the favorable trends for loss experience before catastrophes are in part due to our initiatives to improve pricing precision and loss experience related to claims and to loss control practices. The favorable effects offset a $48 million net increase in losses caused by natural catastrophes that were primarily weather-related. Details of property casualty insurance results are discussed below, including our commercial lines, personal lines and excess and surplus lines segments.

 

We measure and analyze property casualty underwriting results primarily by the combined ratio and its component ratios. The GAAP-basis combined ratio is the percentage of incurred losses plus all expenses per each earned premium dollar – the lower the ratio, the better the performance. An underwriting profit results when the combined ratio is below 100 percent. A combined ratio above 100 percent indicates that an insurance company’s losses and expenses exceeded premiums.

 

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 28
 

 

The combined ratio can be affected significantly by catastrophe losses and other large losses as discussed in detail below. The combined ratio can also be affected by updated estimates of loss and loss expense reserves established for claims that occurred in prior periods, referred to as prior accident years. Net favorable development on prior accident year reserves, including reserves for catastrophe losses, improved the combined ratio by 14.5 percentage points in the first three months of 2012 compared with 7.9 percentage points in the same period of 2011. Of the 6.6 points in higher net favorable development, 2.6 points or almost 40 percent was from development on catastrophe loss reserves. Net favorable development for the first three months of 2012 is discussed in further detail in results of operations by property casualty insurance segment, Pages 31 through 39.

 

Our consolidated property casualty combined ratio for the first quarter of 2012 improved 5.0 percentage points compared with the same period of 2011. Catastrophe losses that were 5.6 points higher were offset by the lower loss and loss expense ratio before catastrophe losses and a lower underwriting expense ratio. The ratio for current accident year loss and loss expenses before catastrophe losses of 68.1 percent for the first three months of 2012 improved 4.9 percentage points compared with the 73.0 percent accident year 2011 ratio measured as of December 31, 2011. The improvement was largely due to better pricing including the effects of initiatives to improve pricing precision and to improve loss experience by controlling claims costs and offering more loss control services, somewhat offset by normal loss cost inflation. Lower new large losses of $250,000 or more per claim accounted for 4.1 percentage points of the lower 2012 ratio.

 

The underwriting expense ratio was lower for the first quarter of 2012 compared with the same period a year ago, primarily due to higher earned premiums and lower technology related costs.

 

 

(Dollars in millions)  Three months ended March 31, 
   2012   2011   Change % 
Agency renewal written premiums  $762   $708    8 
Agency new business written premiums   108    102    6 
Other written premiums   (27)   (31)   13 
Net written premiums   843    779    8 
Unearned premium change   (45)   (34)   (32)
Earned premiums  $798   $745    7 

 

 

The trends in net written premiums and earned premiums summarized in the table above reflect the effects of our premium growth strategies, better pricing and what we believe to be slowly improving economic conditions, somewhat offset by higher ceded premiums in total for our reinsurance treaties. Consolidated property casualty net written premiums for the three months ended March 31, 2012, grew $64 million compared with the same period of 2011. Each of our property casualty segments registered growth for the first quarter of 2012. Our premium growth initiatives from prior years continue to favorably affect current year growth, particularly as newer agency relationships mature over time. Improving insured exposure-level comparatives from the slow economic recovery also favorably affected premium growth. We discuss current initiatives in Highlights of Our Strategy and Supporting Initiatives, Page 25. The main drivers of trends for 2012 are discussed by segment on Pages 31, 35 and 38.

 

Consolidated property casualty agency new business written premiums for the three months ended March 31, 2012, increased $6 million compared with the same period of 2011. We continued to experience new business growth related to initiatives for geographic expansion into new and underserved areas. Agents appointed during 2011 or 2012 produced an increase in standard lines new business of $9 million for the first quarter of 2012 compared with the same period in 2011. As we appoint new agencies that choose to move accounts to us, we report these accounts as new business. While this business is new to us, in many cases it is not new to the agent. We believe these seasoned accounts tend to be priced more accurately than business that may be less familiar to our agent upon obtaining it from a competing agent.

 

Other written premiums – primarily including premiums ceded to our reinsurers as part of our reinsurance program – contributed $4 million to net written premium growth for the three months ended March 31, 2012, compared with the same period of 2011. Slightly higher first-quarter ceded premiums were offset by a more favorable adjustment, compared with the first quarter of last year, for estimated direct written premiums of policies in effect but not yet processed. The adjustment had an immaterial effect on earned premiums.

 

Catastrophe losses typically have a meaningful effect on property casualty results and can vary significantly from period to period. Losses from natural catastrophes contributed 11.1 percentage points to the combined ratio in the three months ended March 31, 2012, compared with 5.5 percentage points in the same period of 2011. The following table shows catastrophe losses and loss expenses incurred, net of reinsurance, as well as the effect of loss development on prior period catastrophe events. None of the 2012 catastrophe events had losses estimated at March 31, 2012 that exceeded our $75 million

  

Cincinnati Financial Corporation First-Quarter 2012 10-Q Page 29
 

 

loss retention for our property catastrophe reinsurance treaty. We individually list catastrophe events for which our incurred losses reached or exceeded $5 million.

 

(In millions, net of reinsurance)   Three months ended March 31,
      Comm.   Pers.   E&S      
Dates Event Region lines   lines   lines   Total
2012                          
   Feb. 28 - 29 Hail, wind, tornado Midwest $         22   $           8   $          -   $     30
   Mar. 2 - 3 Hail, wind, tornado Midwest, South           28             45             1         74
   All other 2012 catastrophes               2               5              -           7
   Development on 2011 and prior catastrophes           (13)              (9)              -       (22)
Calendar year incurred total   $         39   $         49   $         1   $     89
                           
2011                          
   Jan. 31-Feb. 3 Freezing, wind South, Midwest $ 5   $ 5   $ -   $ 10
   Feb. 27-28 Hail, wind, tornado