Citigroup 10-K 2011
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010
Commission file number 1-9924
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 559-1000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: See Exhibit 99.01
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: none
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. o Yes X No
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. o Yes X No
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. X Yes o No
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files). X Yes o No
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. >o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). o Yes X No>
The aggregate market value of Citigroup Inc. common stock held by non-affiliates of Citigroup Inc. on June 30, 2010 was approximately $108.8 billion.
Number of shares of common stock outstanding on January 31, 2011: 29,056,025,228
Documents Incorporated by Reference: Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the annual meeting of stockholders scheduled to be held on April 21, 2011, are incorporated by reference in this Form 10-K in response to Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Part III.
10-K CROSS-REFERENCE INDEX
This Annual Report on Form 10-K incorporates the requirements of the accounting profession and the Securities and Exchange Commission.
CITIGROUP’S 2010 ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
Citigroup’s history dates back to the founding of Citibank in 1812. Citigroup’s original corporate predecessor was incorporated in 1988 under the laws of the State of Delaware. Following a series of transactions over a number of years, Citigroup Inc. was formed in 1998 upon the merger of Citicorp and Travelers Group Inc.
Citigroup is a global diversified financial services holding company whose businesses provide consumers, corporations, governments and institutions with a broad range of financial products and services. Citi has approximately 200 million customer accounts and does business in more than 160 countries and jurisdictions.
Citigroup currently operates, for management reporting purposes, via two primary business segments: Citicorp, consisting of Citi’s Regional Consumer Banking businesses and Institutional Clients Group; and Citi Holdings, consisting of Citi’s Brokerage and Asset Management and Local Consumer Lending businesses, and a Special Asset Pool. There is also a third segment, Corporate/Other. For a further description of the business segments and the products and services they provide, see “Citigroup Segments” below, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Throughout this report, “Citigroup”, “Citi” and “the Company” refer to Citigroup Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
Additional information about Citigroup is available on the company’s Web site at www.citigroup.com. Citigroup’s recent annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, as well as its other filings with the SEC are available free of charge through the company’s Web site by clicking on the “Investors” page and selecting “All SEC Filings.” The SEC’s Web site also contains periodic and current reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding Citi at www.sec.gov.
Within this Form 10-K, please refer to the tables of contents on pages 3 and 129 for page references to Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, respectively.
At December 31, 2010, Citi had approximately 260,000 full-time employees compared to approximately 265,300 full-time employees at December 31, 2009.
Please see “Risk Factors” below for a discussion of
certain risks and uncertainties that could materially impact
Citigroup’s financial condition and results of operations.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior periods’ financial statements to conform to the current period’s presentation.
Impact of Adoption of SFAS 166/167
As previously disclosed, effective January 1, 2010, Citigroup adopted Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 860, Transfers and Servicing, formerly SFAS No. 166, Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets, an amendment of FASB Statement No. 140 (SFAS 166), and ASC 810, Consolidations, formerly SFAS No. 167, Amendments to FASB Interpretation No. 46(R) (SFAS 167). Among other requirements, the adoption of these standards includes the requirement that Citi consolidate certain of its credit card securitization trusts and cease sale accounting for transfers of credit card receivables to those trusts. As a result, reported and managed-basis presentations are comparable for periods beginning January 1, 2010. For comparison purposes, prior period revenues, net credit losses, provisions for credit losses and for benefits and claims and loans are presented where indicated on a managed basis in this Form 10-K. Managed presentations were applicable only to Citi’s North American branded and retail partner credit card operations in North America Regional Consumer Banking and Citi Holdings—Local Consumer Lending and any aggregations in which they are included. See “Capital Resources and Liquidity” and Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for an additional discussion of the adoption of SFAS 166/167 and its impact on Citigroup.
As described above, Citigroup is managed pursuant to the following segments:
The following are the four regions in which Citigroup operates. The regional results are fully reflected in the segment results above.>
(1) Asia includes Japan, Latin America includes Mexico, and North America comprises the U.S., Canada and Puerto Rico.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
2010 Summary Results
During 2010, Citi continued to execute its strategy of growing and investing in its core businesses in Citicorp—Regional Consumer Banking, Securities and Banking and Transaction Services—while at the same time winding down the assets and businesses in Citi Holdings in an economically rational manner.
Citigroup reported net income for 2010 of $10.6 billion, compared to a net loss of $1.6 billion in 2009. Diluted EPS was $0.35 per share in 2010 versus a loss of $0.80 per share in 2009, and net revenues were $86.6 billion in 2010, versus $91.1 billion in 2009, on a comparable basis. On a reported basis, net interest revenue increased by $5.7 billion, or 12%, to $54.7 billion in 2010, generally as a result of the adoption of SFAS 166/167, partially offset by the continued run-off of higher-yielding assets in Citi Holdings and investments in lower-yielding securities. Non-interest revenues improved by approximately $578 million, or 2%, to $31.9 billion in 2010, primarily due to positive gross revenue marks in the Special Asset Pool in Citi Holdings of $2.0 billion in 2010 versus negative revenue marks of $4.6 billion in 2009, a $11.1 billion gain in 2009 on the sale of Smith Barney, a $1.4 billion pretax gain related to the public and private exchange offers consummated in July and September of 2009, and a $10.1 billion pretax loss associated with the repayment of TARP and the exit from the loss-sharing agreement with the U.S. government in December 2009.
Despite continued weaker market conditions, Citicorp net income remained strong in 2010 at $14.9 billion versus $15.3 billion in 2009, with earnings in Asia and Latin America contributing more than half of the total. The continued strength of the core Citi franchise was demonstrated by Citicorp revenues of $65.6 billion for 2010, with a 3% growth in revenues in Regional Consumer Banking on a comparable basis and a 3% growth in Transaction Services, offset by lower revenues in Securities and Banking.
Business drivers in international Regional Consumer Banking reflected the impact in 2010 of the accelerating pace of economic recovery in regions outside of North America and increased investment spending by Citi:
Securities and Banking revenues declined 15% to $23.1 billion in 2010. Excluding the impact of credit value adjustments (CVA), revenues were down 19% year over year to $23.5 billion. The decrease mainly reflected the impact of lower overall client market activity and more challenging global capital market conditions in 2010, as compared to 2009, which was a particularly strong year driven by robust fixed income markets and higher client activity levels in investment banking, especially in the first half of the year.
Citi Holdings’ net loss decreased 52%, from $8.9 billion to $4.2 billion, as compared to 2009. Lower revenues reflected the absence of the $11.1 billion pretax gain on the sale of Smith Barney in 2009 as well as a declining loan balance resulting mainly from asset sales and net paydowns.
Citi Holdings assets stood at $359 billion at the end of 2010, down $128 billion, or 26%, from $487 billion at the end of 2009. Adjusting for the impact of adopting SFAS 166/167, which added approximately $43 billion of assets to the balance sheet on January 1, 2010, Citi Holdings assets were down by $171 billion during 2010, consisting of approximately:
As of December 31, 2010, Citi Holdings represented 19% of Citigroup assets, as compared to 38% in the first quarter of 2008. At December 31, 2010, Citi Holdings risk-weighted assets were approximately $330 billion, or 34%, of total Citigroup risk-weighted assets.
Global credit continued to recover with the sixth consecutive quarter of sustained improvement in credit costs in the fourth quarter of 2010. For the full year, Citigroup net credit losses declined $11.4 billion, or 27%, to $30.9 billion in 2010 on a comparable basis, reflecting improvement in net credit losses in every region. During 2010, Citi released $5.8 billion in net reserves for loan losses and unfunded lending commitments, primarily driven by international Regional Consumer Banking, retail partner cards in Local Consumer Lending and the Corporate loan portfolio, while it built $8.3 billion of reserves in 2009. The total provision for credit losses and for benefits and claims of $26.0 billion in 2010 decreased 50% on a comparable basis year over year.
Net credit losses in Citicorp declined 10% year-over-year on a comparable basis to $11.8 billion, and Citicorp released $2.2 billion in net reserves for loan losses and unfunded lending commitments, compared to a $2.9 billion reserve build in 2009. Net credit losses in Citi Holdings declined 35% on a comparable basis to $19.1 billion, and Citi Holdings released $3.6 billion in net reserves for loan losses and unfunded lending commitments, compared to a $5.4 billion reserve build in 2009.
Citigroup operating expenses were down 1% versus the prior year at $47.4 billion in 2010, as increased investment spending, FX translation, and inflation in Citicorp were more than offset by lower expenses in Citi Holdings. In Citicorp, expenses increased 10% year over year to $35.9 billion, mainly due to higher investment spending across all Citicorp businesses as well as FX translation and inflation. In Citi Holdings, operating expenses were down 31% year over year to $9.6 billion, reflecting the continued reduction of assets.
Capital and Loan Loss Reserve Positions
Citi increased its Tier 1 Common and Tier 1 Capital ratios during 2010. At December 31, 2010, Citi’s Tier 1 Common ratio was 10.8% and its Tier 1 Capital ratio was 12.9%, compared to 9.6% and 11.7% at December 31, 2009, respectively. Tier 1 Common was relatively flat year over year at $105 billion, even after absorbing a $14.2 billion reduction from the impact of SFAS 166/167 in the first quarter, while total risk-weighted assets declined 10% to $978 billion.
Citigroup ended the year with a total allowance for loan losses of $40.7 billion, up $4.6 billion, or 13%, from the prior year, reflecting the impact of adopting SFAS 166/167 which added $13.4 billion on January 1, 2010. The allowance represented 6.31% of total loans and 209% of non-accrual loans as of December 31, 2010, up from 6.09% and 114%, respectively, at the end of 2009. The consumer loan loss reserve was $35.4 billion at December 31, 2010, representing 7.77% of total loans, versus $28.4 billion, or 6.70%, at December 31, 2009.
Liquidity and Funding
Citigroup maintained a high level of liquidity, with aggregate liquidity resources (including cash at major central banks and unencumbered liquid securities) of $322 billion at year-end 2010, up from $316 billion at year-end 2009. Citi also continued to grow its deposit base, closing 2010 with $845 billion in deposits, up 1% from year-end 2009. Structural liquidity (defined as deposits, long-term debt and equity as a percentage of total assets) remained strong at 73% as of December 31, 2010, flat compared to December 31, 2009, and up from 66% at December 31, 2008.
Citigroup issued approximately $22 billion (excluding local country and securitizations) of long-term debt in 2010, representing just over half of its 2010 long-term maturities, due to its strong liquidity position and proceeds received from asset reductions in Citi Holdings. For additional information, see “Capital Resources and Liquidity—Funding and Liquidity” below.
2011 Business Outlook
In 2011, management will continue its focus on growing and investing in the core Citicorp franchise, while economically rationalizing Citi Holdings. However, Citigroup’s results will continue to be affected by factors outside of its control, such as the global economic and regulatory environment in the regions in which Citi operates. In particular, the macroeconomic environment in the U.S. remains challenging, with unemployment levels still elevated and continued pressure and uncertainty in the housing market, including home prices. Additionally, the continued implementation of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (Financial Reform Act), including the ongoing extensive rulemaking and interpretive issues, as well as the new capital standards for bank holding companies as adopted by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (Basel Committee) and U.S. regulators, will remain a significant source of uncertainty in 2011. Moreover, the implementation of the change in methodology for calculating FDIC insurance premiums, to be effective in the second quarter 2011, will have a negative impact on Citi’s earnings. (For additional information on these factors, see “Capital Resources and Liquidity” and “Risk Factors” below.)
In Citicorp, Securities and Banking results for 2011 will depend on the level of client activity and on macroeconomic conditions, market valuations and volatility, interest rates and other market factors. Transaction Services business performance will also continue to be impacted by macroeconomic conditions as well as market factors, including interest rate levels, global economic and trade activity, volatility in capital markets, foreign exchange and market valuations.
In Regional Consumer Banking, results during the year are likely to be driven by different trends in North America versus the international regions. In North America, if economic recovery is sustained, revenues could grow modestly, particularly in the second half of the year, assuming loan demand begins to recover. However, net credit margin in North America will likely continue to be driven primarily by improvement in net credit losses. Internationally, given continued economic expansion in these regions, net credit margin is likely to be driven by revenue growth, particularly in the second half of the year, as investment spending should continue to generate volume growth to outpace spread compression. International credit costs are likely to increase in 2011, reflecting a growing loan portfolio.
In Citi Holdings, revenues for Local Consumer Lending should continue to decline reflecting a shrinking loan balance resulting from paydowns and asset sales. Based on current delinquency trends and ongoing loss-mitigation actions, credit costs are expected to continue to improve. Overall, however, Local Consumer Lending will likely continue to drive results in Citi Holdings.
Operating expenses are expected to show some variability across quarters as the Company continues to invest in Citicorp while rationalizing Citi Holdings and maintaining expense discipline. Although Citi currently expects net interest margin (NIM) to remain under pressure during the first quarter of 2011, driven by continued low yields on investments and the run-off of higher yielding loan assets, NIM could begin to stabilize during the remainder of the year.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Statement continues on the next page, including notes to the table.
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SEGMENT, BUSINESS AND PRODUCT—INCOME (LOSS) AND REVENUES
The following tables show the income (loss) and revenues for Citigroup on a segment, business and product view:
CITIGROUP INCOME (LOSS)
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Citicorp is the Company’s global bank for consumers and businesses and represents Citi’s core franchise. Citicorp is focused on providing best-in-class products and services to customers and leveraging Citigroup’s unparalleled global network. Citicorp is physically present in approximately 100 countries, many for over 100 years, and offers services in over 160 countries and jurisdictions. Citi believes this global network provides a strong foundation for servicing the broad financial services needs of large multinational clients and for meeting the needs of retail, private banking, commercial, public sector and institutional customers around the world. Citigroup’s global footprint provides coverage of the world’s emerging economies, which Citi believes represent a strong area of growth. At December 31, 2010, Citicorp had approximately $1.3 trillion of assets and $760 billion of deposits, representing approximately 67% of Citi’s total assets and approximately 90% of its deposits.
Citicorp consists of the following businesses: Regional Consumer Banking (which includes retail banking and Citi-branded cards in four regions—North America, EMEA, Latin America and Asia) and Institutional Clients Group (which includes Securities and Banking and Transaction Services).
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REGIONAL CONSUMER BANKING
Regional Consumer Banking (RCB) consists of Citigroup’s four RCB businesses that provide traditional banking services to retail customers. RCB also contains Citigroup’s branded cards business and Citi’s local commercial banking business. RCB is a globally diversified business with over 4,200 branches in 39 countries around the world. During 2010, 54% of total RCB revenues were from outside North America. Additionally, the majority of international revenues and loans were from emerging economies in Asia, Latin America, Central and Eastern Europe and the Middle East. At December 31, 2010, RCB had $330 billion of assets and $309 billion of deposits.
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NORTH AMERICA REGIONAL CONSUMER BANKING
North America Regional Consumer Banking (NA RCB) provides traditional banking and Citi-branded card services to retail customers and small to mid-size businesses in the U.S. NA RCB’s approximate 1,000 retail bank branches and 13.1 million retail customer accounts are largely concentrated in the greater metropolitan areas of New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Miami, Washington, D.C., Boston, Philadelphia, and certain larger cities in Texas. At December 31, 2010, NA RCB had $30.7 billion of retail banking and residential real estate loans and $144.8 billion of average deposits. In addition, NA RCB had 21.2 million Citi-branded credit card accounts, with $77.5 billion in outstanding card loan balances.