Citigroup 10-Q 2006
Documents found in this filing:
QuickLinks -- Click here to rapidly navigate through this document
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Commission file number 1-9924
399 Park Avenue, New York, New York 10043
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of "accelerated filer and large accelerated filer" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer ý Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No ý
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock as of the latest practicable date:
Common stock outstanding as of September 30, 2006: 4,913,666,826
Available on the Web at www.citigroup.com
Citigroup Inc. (Citigroup, or the Company) is a diversified global financial services holding company whose businesses provide a broad range of financial services to consumer and corporate clients. Citigroup has some 200 million client accounts and does business in more than 100 countries. Citigroup was incorporated in 1988 under the laws of the State of Delaware.
The Company is a bank holding company within the meaning of the U.S. Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 registered with, and subject to examination by, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (FRB). Some of the Company's subsidiaries are subject to supervision and examination by their respective federal and state authorities. This quarterly report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with Citigroup's 2005 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The principal executive offices of the Company are located at 399 Park Avenue, New York, New York 10043, telephone number 212-559-1000. Additional information about Citigroup is available on the Company's Web site at www.citigroup.com. Citigroup's annual report on Form 10-K, its quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, its current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to these reports are available free of charge through the Company's Web site by clicking on the "Investor Relations" page and selecting "SEC Filings." The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Web site contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding the Company at www.sec.gov.
Citigroup is managed along the following segment and product lines:
The following are the six regions in which Citigroup operates. The regional results are fully reflected in the product results.
CITIGROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
SUMMARY OF SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
Income from continuing operations of $5.303 billion in the 2006 third quarter was up 6% from the 2005 third quarter. Diluted EPS from continuing operations was up 9%, with the increment in the growth rate reflecting the benefit from our share repurchase program. Net income, which includes discontinued operations, was $5.505 billion in the quarter, down 23% from the 2005 third quarter.
During the 2006 third quarter, we continued to execute on our key strategic initiatives, including the opening of a record 277 new Citibank and CitiFinancial branches (176 in International and 101 in the U.S.).
Customer volume growth was strong, with average loans up 15%, average deposits up 18% and average interest-earning assets up 16% from year-ago levels. U.S. Cards accounts were up 27% and purchase sales were up 9%. Citibank Direct, our Internet bank, has raised almost $8 billion in deposits.
* Excludes Japan Automated Loan Machines (ALMs).
Revenues were approximately even with the 2005 third quarter, at $21.4 billion. Our international operations recorded revenue growth of 11% in the quarter, with International Consumer up 9%, International CIB up 12% and International Global Wealth Management up 33%. U.S. Consumer revenues grew 1%, while CIB and Alternative Investments revenues declined 6% and 54%, respectively.
Net interest revenue increased 1% from last year as higher deposit and loan balances were offset by pressure on net interest margins. Net interest margin in the 2006 third quarter was 2.62%, down 36 basis points from the 2005 third quarter and down 11 basis points from the 2006 second quarter. The largest driver of the decline from the 2006 second quarter was trading activities (see discussion of net interest margin on page 67).
Operating expenses increased 5% from the 2005 third quarter; this was comprised of 3 percentage points from an increase in investment spending and 2 percentage points due to SFAS 123(R) accruals. Excluding investment spending and SFAS 123(R) accruals, expenses were flat with the prior year. Expenses were down $833 million from the 2006 second quarter.
Income was diversified by segment and region, as shown in the charts below.
The U.S. credit environment remained stable; this, as well as significantly lower consumer bankruptcy filings, the absence of the 2005 third quarter $490 million pretax charge related to the EMEA consumer write-off policy change, and an asset mix shift, drove a $782 million decrease in credit costs compared to year-ago levels. The Global Consumer loss rate was 1.49%, a 119 basis point decline from the 2006 third quarter, reflecting the absence of the 2005 third quarter $1.153 billion write-off related to the policy change in EMEA and significantly lower bankruptcy filings. Corporate cash-basis loans declined 13% from June 30, 2006 to $692 million.
The effective income tax rate on continuing operations declined to 27.4%, primarily reflecting a $237 million tax reserve release related to the resolution of the New York Tax Audits. The effective tax rate for the 2006 third quarter would have been 30.6% without the tax reserve release.
Our equity capital base and trust preferred securities grew to $125.9 billion at September 30, 2006. Stockholders' equity increased by $2.4 billion during the quarter to $117.9 billion. We distributed $2.5 billion in dividends to shareholders and repurchased $2.0 billion of common stock during the quarter.
Return on common equity was 18.9% for the quarter. Citigroup maintained its "well-capitalized" position with a Tier 1 Capital Ratio of 8.64% at September 30, 2006. On September 26, 2006, Moody's upgraded Citibank, N.A.'s Credit Rating to "Aaa" from "Aa1."
As we move into the fourth quarter, our priorities remain clear: to execute our strategic initiatives to drive organic revenue and net income growth, to make targeted acquisitions, to maintain expense discipline and to generate superior returns for our owners.
Certain of the statements below are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act. See "Forward-Looking Statements" on page 84.
Acquisition of Grupo Financiero Uno
On October 27, 2006, Citigroup announced that it had reached a definitive agreement to acquire Grupo Financiero Uno (GFU), the largest credit card issuer in Central America, and its affiliates. The acquisition of GFU, with $2.1 billion in assets, will expand the presence of Citigroup's Latin America consumer franchise, enhancing its credit card business in the region and establishing a platform for regional growth in consumer finance and retail banking.
GFU is privately held and has more than one million retail clients, representing 1.1 million credit card accounts, $1.2 billion in credit card receivables and $1.3 billion in deposits in Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama as of September 30, 2006. GFU operates a distribution network of 75 branches and more than 100 mini- branches and points of sale.
The transaction, which is subject to regulatory approvals in the United States and each of the six countries, is anticipated to close in the 2007 first quarter.
Sale of Avantel
On October 26, 2006, the Company agreed to sell Avantel, a leading telecom service provider in Mexico, to Axtel. The transaction is expected to result in an approximately $140 million after-tax gain ($310 million pretax). The transaction is expected to close in the 2006 fourth quarter, subject to Mexican regulatory and Axtel shareholder approvals. Avantel was acquired by Citigroup as part of its acquisition of Banamex in 2001.
Purchase of 20% Equity Interest in Akbank
On October 17, 2006, the Company announced that it had signed a definitive agreement for the purchase of a 20% equity interest in Akbank for approximately $3.1 billion. Akbank, the second-largest privately-owned bank by assets in Turkey, is a premier, full-service retail, commercial, corporate and private bank.
Sabanci Holding, a 34% owner of Akbank shares, and its subsidiaries have granted Citigroup a right of first refusal or first offer over the sale of any of their Akbank shares in the future. Subject to certain exceptions, Citigroup has agreed not to acquire additional shares in Akbank.
The transaction, which is subject to shareholder and regulatory approvals, is expected to close during the 2006 fourth quarter or 2007 first quarter and will be accounted for under the equity method.
Final Payment from the Sale of the Asset Management Business
In September 2006, the Company received the final closing adjustment payment related to the sale of its Asset Management business to Legg Mason, Inc. (Legg Mason). This payment resulted in an additional after-tax gain of $51 million ($83 million pretax), recorded in Discontinued Operations.
Final Settlement of the Travelers Life & Annuity Sale
In July 2006, the Company received the final closing adjustment payment related to the sale of Citigroup's Travelers Life & Annuity and substantially all of its international insurance businesses to MetLife, Inc. (MetLife). This payment resulted in an after-tax gain of $75 million ($115 million pretax), recorded in Discontinued Operations.
Settlement of New York State and New York City Tax Audits
In September 2006, Citigroup reached a settlement agreement with the New York State and New York City taxing authorities regarding various tax liabilities for the years 1998 - 2005 (referred to above and hereinafter as the "resolution of the New York Tax Audits").
For the 2006 third quarter, the Company released $254 million from its tax contingency reserves, which resulted in increases of $237 million in after-tax income from continuing operations and $17 million in after-tax income from discontinued operations.
The following table summarizes the 2006 third quarter tax benefit, by business, from the resolution of the New York Tax Audits:
MasterCard Initial Public Offering
In June 2006, MasterCard conducted a series of transactions consisting of: (i) an IPO of new Class A stock, (ii) an exchange of its old Class A stock held by its member banks for shares of its new Class B and Class M stocks, and (iii) a partial redemption of the new Class B stock held by the member banks. Citigroup, as one of MasterCard's member banks, received 4,946,587 shares of Class B stock, 48 shares of Class M stock, and $123 million in cash as a result of these transactions. An after-tax gain of $78 million ($123 million pretax) was recognized in the 2006 second quarter related to the cash redemption of shares.
Sale of Upstate New York Branches
On June 30, 2006, Citigroup sold the Upstate New York Financial Center Network consisting of 21 branches in Rochester, N.Y. and Buffalo, N.Y. to M&T Bank (referred to hereinafter as the "Sale of New York Branches"). Citigroup received a premium on deposit balances of approximately $1 billion. An after-tax gain of $92 million ($163 million pretax) was recognized in the 2006 second quarter.
Consolidation of Brazil's Credicard
In April 2006, Citigroup and Banco Itau dissolved their joint venture in Credicard, a Brazil consumer credit card business. In accordance with the dissolution agreement, Banco Itau received half of Credicard's assets and customer accounts in exchange for its 50% ownership, leaving Citigroup as the sole owner of Credicard.
Beginning April 30, 2006, Credicard's financial statements were consolidated with Citigroup. Previously, Citigroup reported its interest in Credicard using the equity method of consolidation. Accordingly, our net investment was included in Other assets.
Acquisition of Federated Credit Card Portfolio and Credit Card Agreement With Federated Department Stores
In June 2005, Citigroup announced a long-term agreement with Federated Department Stores, Inc. (Federated) under which the companies partner to manage approximately $6.2 billion of Federated's credit card receivables, including existing and new accounts, executed in three phases.
For the first phase, which closed in October 2005, Citigroup acquired Federated's receivables under management, totaling approximately $3.3 billion. For the second phase, which closed in May 2006, additional Federated receivables totaling approximately $1.9 billion were transferred to Citigroup from the previous provider. For the final phase, in the 2006 third quarter, Citigroup acquired approximately $1.0 billion credit card receivable portfolio of The May Department Stores Company (May), which merged with Federated.
Citigroup paid a premium of approximately 11.5% to acquire these portfolios. The multi-year agreement also provides Federated the ability to participate in the portfolio performance, based on credit sales and certain other performance metrics.
The Federated and May credit card portfolios comprise a total of approximately 17 million active accounts.
Adoption of the Accounting for Share-Based Payments
On January 1, 2006, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) 123 (revised 2004), "Share-Based Payment" (SFAS 123(R)), which replaces the existing SFAS 123 and supersedes Accounting Principles Board (APB) 25. SFAS 123(R) requires companies to measure and record compensation expense for stock options and other share-based payments based on the instruments' fair value, reduced by expected forfeitures.
In adopting this standard, the Company conformed to recent accounting guidance that restricted stock awards issued to retirement-eligible employees who meet certain age and service requirements must be either expensed on the grant date or accrued over a service period prior to the grant date. This charge consisted of $398 million after-tax ($648 million pretax) for the immediate expensing of awards granted to retirement-eligible employees in January 2006.
The following table summarizes the SFAS 123(R) impact, by segment, on the 2006 first quarter pretax compensation expense for stock awards granted to retirement-eligible employees in January 2006:
The following table summarizes the quarterly SFAS 123(R) impact on 2006 pretax compensation expense (and after-tax impact) for the quarterly accrual of the estimated awards that will be granted in January 2007:
The Company changed the plan's retirement eligibility for the January 2007 management awards, which affected the amount of the accrual in the 2006 second and third quarters.
Additional information can be found in Notes 1 and 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements on pages 91 and 100, respectively. The Company will continue to accrue for the estimated awards that will be granted in January 2007 in the 2006 fourth quarter.
Settlement of IRS Tax Audit
In March 2006, the Company received a notice from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) that they had concluded the tax audit for the years 1999 through 2002 (referred to hereinafter as the "resolution of the Federal Tax Audit"). For the 2006 first quarter, the Company released a total of $657 million from its tax contingency reserves related to the resolution of the Federal Tax Audit.
The following table summarizes the 2006 first quarter tax benefit by segment of the resolution of the Federal Tax Audit:
Sale of Asset Management Business
On December 1, 2005, the Company completed the sale of substantially all of its Asset Management Business to Legg Mason in exchange for Legg Mason's broker-dealer business, $2.298 billion of Legg Mason's common and preferred shares (valued as of the closing date), and $500 million in cash. This cash was obtained via a lending facility provided by Citigroup CIB. The transaction did not include Citigroup's asset management business in Mexico, its retirement services business in Latin America (both of which are now included in International Retail Banking) or its interest in the CitiStreet joint venture (which is now included in Smith Barney). The total value of the transaction at the time of closing was approximately $4.369 billion, resulting in an after-tax gain to Citigroup of approximately $2.082 billion ($3.404 billion pretax).
Concurrently, Citigroup sold Legg Mason's Capital Markets business to Stifel Financial Corp. (The transactions described in these two paragraphs are referred to as the "Sale of the Asset Management Business.")
Upon completion of the Sale of the Asset Management Business, Citigroup added 1,226 financial advisors in 124 branch offices from Legg Mason to its Global Wealth Management business.
During March 2006, Citigroup sold 10.3 million shares of Legg Mason stock through an underwritten public offering. The net sale proceeds of $1.258 billion resulted in a pretax gain of $24 million.
Additional information can be found in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements on page 94.
Sale of Travelers Life & Annuity
On July 1, 2005, the Company completed the sale of Citigroup's Travelers Life & Annuity and substantially all of Citigroup's international insurance businesses to MetLife. The businesses sold were the primary vehicles through which Citigroup engaged in the Life Insurance and Annuities business.
Citigroup received $1.0 billion in MetLife equity securities and $10.830 billion in cash, which resulted in an after-tax gain of approximately $2.120 billion ($3.386 billion pretax), which is included in discontinued operations.
In July 2006, Citigroup recognized an $85 million after-tax gain from the sale of MetLife shares. This gain was reported within Income from continuing operations in the Alternative Investments business.
The transaction encompassed Travelers Life & Annuity's U.S. businesses and its international operations, other than Citigroup's life insurance business in Mexico (which is now included within International Retail Banking). (The transaction described in the preceding three paragraphs is referred to as the "Sale of the Life Insurance and Annuities Business").
Additional information can be found in Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements on page 94.
During the three months ended September 30, 2006, the Company recorded a net build of its credit reserves of $37 million, consisting of a net release/utilization of $79 million in Global Consumer and a net build of $116 million in CIB.
The net release/utilization in Global Consumer was primarily due to lower bankruptcy filings and a continued overall improvement in the U.S. consumer portfolio. Partially offsetting the net releases was a build of $112 million in Japan relating to the consumer lending industry (see discussion on page 33).
The net build of $116 million in CIB was primarily comprised of $109 million in Capital Markets and Banking,which included a $48 million reserve increase for unfunded lending commitments. The net build reflected growth in loans and unfunded commitments and a change in credit rating of certain counterparties.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2006, the Company recorded a net release/utilization of $327 million, consisting of a net release/utilization of $594 million in Global Consumer and a net build of $267 million in CIB.
Credit Reserve Builds (Releases/Utilization)(1)
Allowance for Credit Losses
In the 2005 third quarter, the Company recorded a $222 million after-tax charge $(357 million pretax) for the estimated probable losses incurred from Hurricane Katrina. This charge consisted primarily of additional credit costs in U.S. Cards, U.S. Commercial Business, U.S. Consumer Lending and U.S. Retail Distribution businesses, based on total credit exposures of approximately $3.6 billion in the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Individual Assistance designated areas. This charge did not include an after-tax estimate of $75 million $(109 million pretax) for fees and interest due from related customers that were waived during 2005.
Change in EMEA Consumer Write-off Policy
Prior to the third quarter of 2005, certain Western European consumer portfolios were granted an exception to Citigroup's global write-off policy. The exception extended the write-off period from the standard 120-day policy for personal installment loans, and was granted because of the higher recovery rates experienced in these portfolios. During 2005, Citigroup observed lower actual recovery rates, stemming primarily from a change in bankruptcy and wage garnishment laws in Germany and, as a result, rescinded the exception to the global standard. The net charge was $332 million $(490 million pretax) resulting from the recording of $1.153 billion of write-offs and a corresponding utilization of $663 million of reserves in the 2005 third quarter.
These write-offs did not relate to a change in the portfolio credit quality but rather to a change in environmental factors due to law changes and consumer behavior that led Citigroup to re-evaluate its estimates of future long-term recoveries and their appropriateness to the write-off exception.
United States Bankruptcy Legislation
On October 17, 2005, the Bankruptcy Reform Act (or the Act) became effective. The Act imposes a means test to determine if people who file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy earn more than the median income in their state and could repay at least $6,000 of unsecured debt over five years. Bankruptcy filers who meet this test are required to enter into a repayment plan under Chapter 13, instead of canceling their debt entirely under Chapter 7. As a result of these more stringent guidelines, bankruptcy claims accelerated prior to the effective date. The incremental bankruptcy losses over the Company's estimated baseline in 2005 that was attributable to the Act in U.S. Cards business was approximately $970 million on a managed basis $(550 million in the Company's on-balance portfolio and $420 million in the securitized portfolio). In addition, the U.S. Retail Distribution business incurred incremental bankruptcy losses of approximately $90 million during 2005.
Homeland Investment Act Benefit
The Company's 2005 third quarter results from continuing operations include a $185 million $(198 million for the 2005 full year) tax benefit from the Homeland Investment Act provision of the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004, net of the impact of remitting income earned in 2005 and prior years that would otherwise have been indefinitely invested overseas. The amount of dividends that were repatriated relating to this benefit is approximately $3.2 billion.
Copelco Litigation Settlement
In 2000, Citigroup purchased Copelco Capital, Inc., a leasing business, from Itochu International Inc. and III Holding Inc. (formerly known as Copelco Financial Services Group, Inc.) (collectively referred to herein as "Itochu") for $666 million. During 2001, Citigroup filed a lawsuit asserting breach of representations and warranties, among other causes of action, under the Stock Purchase Agreement entered into between Citigroup and Itochu in March of 2000. During the 2005 third quarter, Citigroup and Itochu signed a settlement agreement that mutually released all claims, and under which Itochu paid Citigroup $185 million.
Mexico Value Added Tax (VAT) Refund
During the 2005 third quarter, Citigroup Mexico received a $182 million refund of VAT taxes from the Mexican Government related to the 2003 and 2004 tax years as a result of a Mexico Supreme Court ruling. The refund was recorded as a reduction of $140 million (pretax) in other operating expense and $42 million (pretax) in other revenue.
Divestiture of the Manufactured Housing Loan Portfolio
On May 1, 2005, Citigroup completed the sale of its manufactured housing loan portfolio, consisting of $1.4 billion in loans, to 21st Mortgage Corp. The Company recognized a $109 million after-tax loss $(157 million pretax) in the 2005 first quarter related to the divestiture.
The Company recorded a $272 million after-tax $(435 million pretax) charge during the 2005 first quarter for repositioning costs. The repositioning charges were predominantly severance-related costs recorded in CIB $(151 million after-tax) and in Global Consumer $(95 million after-tax). These repositioning actions were consistent with the Company's objectives of controlling expenses while continuing to invest in growth opportunities.
Resolution of Glendale Litigation
During the 2005 first quarter, the Company recorded a $72 million after-tax gain $(114 million pretax) following the resolution of Glendale Federal Bank v. United States, an action brought by Glendale Federal Bank, a predecessor to Citibank (West), FSB, against the United States government.
Acquisition of First American Bank
On March 31, 2005, Citigroup completed its acquisition of First American Bank in Texas (FAB). The transaction established Citigroup's retail branch presence in Texas, giving Citigroup 106 branches, $4.2 billion in assets and approximately 120,000 new customers in the state at the time of the transaction's closing. The results of FAB are included in the Consolidated Financial Statements from March 2005 forward.
Divestiture of CitiCapital's Transportation Finance Business
On January 31, 2005, the Company completed the sale of CitiCapital's Transportation Finance Business based in Dallas and Toronto to GE Commercial Finance for total cash consideration of approximately $4.6 billion. The sale resulted in an after-tax gain of $111 million $(161 million pretax).
The following tables show the net income (loss) for Citigroup's businesses on a segment and product view and on a regional view:
Citigroup Net IncomeSegment and Product View
NM Not meaningful
Citigroup Net IncomeRegional View
SELECTED REVENUE AND EXPENSE ITEMS
Selected Revenue Items
Net interest revenue of $9.8 billion for the 2006 third quarter increased $133 million, or 1%, from the 2005 third quarter, as higher customer deposit and loan balances were offset by spread compression.
Total commissions and fees and administration and other fiduciary fees for the third quarter of 2006 of $5.7 million decreased by $670 billion, or 11%, compared to the 2005 third quarter. This was attributable to the mark-to-market of the Consumer Lending's mortgage servicing assets, offset by increased bank card fees in U.S. Cards and International Cards and increased investment banking fees, volumes, and assets under custody in CIB.
Principal transactions revenue of $1.9 billion decreased $23 million, or 1%, from the third quarter of 2005. Realized gains from sales of investments were up $20 million, or 7%, to $304 million in the 2006 third quarter. During the 2006 third quarter, Consumer Lending sold $11 billion of mortgage-backed securities resulting in a $133 million realized gain. This was offset by the absence of a $134 million realized gain in Alternative Investments on the sale of the St. Paul Travelers shares in the third quarter of 2005.
Other revenue of $2.9 billion increased $388 million, or 16%, from the 2005 third quarter. The increase was primarily driven by higher net replenishment gains on previously securitized receivables in U.S. Cards and gains on derivative contracts on Consumer Lending's mortgage servicing assets, offset by the absence of the Copelco Litigation Settlement of $185 million in the 2005 third quarter and a decrease in Alternative Investments driven by lower investment performance.
Total operating expenses were $11.9 billion for the 2006 third quarter, up $523 million, or 5%, from the comparable 2005 period. The increase was primarily due to investment spending, SFAS 123(R) accruals, and acquisitions.
Global Consumer reported a 12% increase in total expenses from the 2005 third quarter. U.S. Consumer increased $136 million, or 4%, on increased business volumes and investments in new branches. International Consumer expenses increased $489 million, or 21%, versus the third quarter of 2005, primarily due to investment in branch expansion, the integration of Credicard, and the absence of a value added tax refund in Mexico in the prior-year period.
CIB expenses decreased 6% from the 2005 third quarter, primarily due to a decline in incentive compensation accruals.
Global Wealth Management expenses increased 13% compared to the prior-year quarter, primarily related to costs associated with the integration of the financial consultants from Legg Mason and SFAS 123(R) costs. Alternative Investments expenses declined 18% from the 2005 third quarter.
Provisions for Credit Losses and for Benefits and Claims
The provision for credit losses declined $782 million, or 30%, from the 2005 third quarter to $1.8 billion. Policyholder benefits and claims in the 2006 third quarter increased $59 million, or 27%, from the 2005 third quarter.
Global Consumer provisions for loan losses and for benefits and claims of $2.0 billion in the 2006 third quarter were down $776 million, or 28%, from the 2005 third quarter. The declines were mainly due to lower bankruptcy filings, a continued favorable credit environment that drove lower net credit loss ratios and the absence of a $490 million charge to standardize the EMEA consumer loan write-off policies with the global write-off policy in the prior-year period. Total net credit losses were $1.815 billion, and the related loss ratio was 1.49%, in the 2006 third quarter, as compared to $2.926 billion and 2.68% in the 2005 third quarter. The consumer loan delinquency ratio (90 days or more past due) declined to 1.29% at September 30, 2006 from 1.45% at September 30, 2005. See page 57 for a reconciliation of total consumer credit information.
The CIB provision for credit losses in the 2006 third quarter was up $64 million from the 2005 third quarter. CIB's reserve for credit losses was increased by $50 million for unfunded lending commitments in the 2006 third quarter due to higher exposures.
Corporate cash-basis loans at September 30, 2006 and 2005 were $692 million and $1.2 billion, respectively, while the corporate Other Real Estate Owned (OREO) portfolio totaled $193 million and $153 million, respectively. The decline in corporate cash-basis loans from September 30, 2005, was related to improvements in the overall credit environment.
The Company's effective income tax rate on continuing operations was 27.4% in the 2006 third quarter, compared to 29.9% in the 2005 third quarter. The 2006 third quarter included a $237 million tax benefit related to the resolution of the New York Tax Audits. The 2005 third quarter included a Homeland Investment Act tax benefit of $185 million, net of the impact of remitting income earned in 2005 and prior years that would otherwise have been indefinitely invested overseas.
Total capital (Tier 1 and Tier 2) was $117.8 billion and $106.4 billion, or 11.88% and 12.02% of net risk-adjusted assets at September 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively. Tier 1 capital was $85.7 billion, or 8.64% of net risk-adjusted assets, at September 30, 2006, compared to $77.8 billion, or 8.79%, at December 31, 2005.
ACCOUNTING CHANGES AND FUTURE APPLICATION OF ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
See Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements on page 91 for a discussion of Accounting Changes and the Future Application of Accounting Standards.
SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The Company's accounting policies are fundamental to understanding management's discussion and analysis of results of operations and financial condition. The Company has identified five policies as being significant because they require management to make subjective and/or complex judgments about matters that are inherently uncertain. These policies relate to Valuations of Financial Instruments, Allowance for Credit Losses, Securitizations, Income Taxes and Legal Reserves. The Company, in consultation with the Audit and Risk Management Committee of the Board of Directors, has reviewed and approved these significant accounting policies, which are further described in the Company's 2005 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The net income line in the following business segment and operating unit discussions excludes discontinued operations. Income from discontinued operations is included within the Corporate/Other business segment. See Notes 3 and 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements on pages 94 and 97, respectively.
Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period's presentation.
Citigroup's Global Consumer Group provides a wide array of banking, lending, insurance and investment services through a network of 7,933 branches, approximately 18,000 ATMs, approximately 800 Automated Lending Machines (ALMs), the Internet, telephone and mail, and the Primerica Financial Services salesforce. Global Consumer serves more than 250 million customer accounts, providing products and services to meet the financial needs of both individuals and small businesses.
U.S. Consumer is comprised of four businesses: Cards, Retail Distribution, Consumer Lending and Commercial Business.
U.S. Cards is one of the largest providers of credit cards in North America, with more than 150 million customer accounts in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico. In addition to MasterCard (including Diners), Visa, and American Express, U.S. Cards is the largest provider of credit card services to the oil and gas industry and the leading provider of consumer private-label credit cards and commercial accounts on behalf of merchants such as The Home Depot, Federated, Sears, Dell Computer, Radio Shack, Staples and Zales Corporation.
Revenues are primarily generated from net interest revenue on receivables, interchange fees on purchase sales and other delinquency and servicing fees.
U.S. Cards (Continued)
3Q06 vs. 3Q05
Net Interest Revenue decreased, reflecting a combination of increased payment rates, higher cost of funds, and the mix of receivable balances. Non-Interest Revenue increased, as the positive impact of 9% growth in purchase sales, increased revenues from previously securitized receivables, which includes excess servicing, and the addition of the Federated portfolio in the 2005 fourth quarter more than offset higher rewards program costs and lower asset sales of $37 million. Included in revenues in the 2005 third quarter were the negative impact of Hurricane Katrina and the effect of the new bankruptcy legislation.
Operating expenses improved, primarily due to a decline in advertising and marketing expenses, largely reflecting the timing of advertising campaigns, partially offset by the addition of the Federated portfolio.
Provision for loan losses and for benefits and claims declined, primarily reflecting a decline in net credit losses and a loan loss reserve release of $122 million, due to lower bankruptcies and the favorable credit environment.
Net income also reflected a $39 million tax benefit in the 2006 third quarter resulting from the resolution of the New York Tax Audits.
2006 YTD vs. 2005 YTD
Net Interest Revenue decreased, reflecting a combination of increased payment rates, higher cost of funds, and the mix of receivable balances. Non-Interest Revenue increased as the positive impact of growth in purchase sales, increased revenues from previously securitized receivables, and the addition of the Federated portfolio more than offset higher rewards program costs. Included in revenues in the 2006 period were asset sales of $105 million, including the 2006 second quarter gain from the MasterCard initial public offering of $59 million. In the 2005 period, revenues included gains from asset sales of $185 million.
Operating expenses increased, primarily reflecting the addition of the Federated portfolio and the adoption of SFAS 123(R) in the 2006 first quarter; this was partially offset by a decline in advertising and marketing expenses, largely reflecting the timing of advertising campaigns.
Provision for loan losses and for benefits and claims declined, primarily reflecting a decline in net credit losses and a loan loss reserve release of $354 million, due to lower bankruptcies and the favorable credit environment.
Net Income also reflected an $89 million tax benefit resulting from the resolution of the Federal Tax Audit in the 2006 first quarter, along with a $39 million tax benefit resulting from the resolution of the New York Tax Audits in the 2006 third quarter.
U.S. Retail Distribution
U.S. Retail Distribution (Continued)
U.S. Retail Distribution provides banking, lending, investment and insurance products and services to customers through 931 Citibank branches, 2,422 CitiFinancial branches, the Primerica Financial Services (PFS) salesforce, the Internet, direct mail and telesales. Revenues are primarily derived from net interest revenue on loans and deposits and from fees on banking, insurance and investment products.
3Q06 vs. 3Q05
Net Interest Revenue increased 2%, as growth in deposits of 13% and growth in loans of 11% were largely offset by net interest margin compression. This was mainly due to a shift in customer liabilities from savings and other demand deposits to certificates of deposit and e-Savings accounts. Non-Interest Revenue increased slightly for the quarter due to increased investment product sales in Citibank branches and strong securities sales in Primerica Financial Services.
Operating expense growth was primarily due to higher volume-related expenses, increased investment spending, driven by 101 new branch openings in the quarter (and 195 additional net branches since the 2005 third quarter), and advertising costs associated with the launch of e-Savings.
Provisions for loan losses and for benefits and claims declined 41% primarily due to the absence of a $165 million pretax loan loss reserve build in the prior year related to the reorganization of the former Consumer Finance business, a prior-year reserve build related to Hurricane Katrina of $110 million pretax in CitiFinancial branches, and lower overall bankruptcy filings in the current period. The net credit loss ratio declined 58 basis points to 2.48% reflecting the continuing favorable credit environment.
Deposit growth reflected balance increases in certificates of deposit; e-Savings accounts, which generated $6.2 billion in average deposits; and premium checking and rate-sensitive money market products, as well as the impact of the transfer of approximately $1.8 billion in deposits for certain customer segments, from the U.S. Commercial Business Group, to better serve those customers. Excluding the transfer of $1.8 billion from the U.S. Commercial Business Group, deposits grew 11% from the prior-year quarter. Loan growth reflected improvements in all channels and products. Investment product sales in Citibank branches increased 16%, driven by increased volumes.
2006 YTD vs. 2005 YTD
Net Interest Revenue was flat to the prior-year period as growth in deposits and loans, up 9% and 10%, respectively, were more than offset by net interest margin compression. This was primarily due to a shift in customer liabilities from savings and other demand deposits to certificates of deposit and e-Savings accounts. Non Interest Revenue increased slightly due to the $132 million pretax gain on the Sale of New York Branches, partially offset by the absence of a $110 million gain related to the resolution of the Glendale litigation in the 2005 first quarter and other revenue declines.
Operating expense growth was primarily due to higher volume-related expenses, increased investment spending primarily driven by new branch openings, the impact of SFAS 123(R), and advertising costs associated with the launch of e-Savings. The impact of the FAB acquisition also contributed to higher expenses.
Provisions for loan losses and for benefits and claims declined 29% primarily due to the absence of a $165 million pretax loan loss reserve build in the prior year related to the reorganization of the former Consumer Finance business, a prior-year reserve build related to Hurricane Katrina of $110 million and lower overall bankruptcy filings in the current year. The credit environment was favorable during the first three quarters of 2006.
Deposit growth reflected balance increases in certificates of deposit; e-Savings accounts, which generated $7.8 billion in end-of-period deposits; premium checking; and partly rate-sensitive money market products. Loan growth reflected improvements in all channels and products. Investment product sales increased 26%, driven by increased volumes.
Net income in 2006 also reflected a $51 million tax reserve release resulting from the resolution of the Federal Tax Audit.
U.S. Consumer Lending (Continued)
U.S. Consumer Lending provides home mortgages and home equity loans to prime and non-prime customers, auto financing to non-prime consumers and educational loans to students. Loans are originated throughout the United States and Canada through the Citibank, CitiFinancial and Smith Barney branch networks, Primerica Financial Services agents, third-party brokers, direct mail, the Internet and telesales. Loans are also purchased in the wholesale markets. U.S. Consumer Lendingalso provides mortgage servicing to a portfolio of mortgage loans owned by third parties. Revenues are comprised of loan fees, net interest revenue and mortgage servicing fees.
3Q06 vs. 3Q05
Net Interest Revenue decreased 2%, reflecting net interest margin compression that was partially offset by a 19% increase in average loan balances. Non-Interest Revenue increased due to higher gains on sales of real estate, student loans and mortgage-backed securities, and higher net mortgage servicing revenues. Average loan growth reflected a strong increase in originations over the past year, with 26% growth in Auto originations and 8% growth in Student Loans originations in the 2006 third quarter.
During the 2006 third quarter, the U.S. Consumer Lending business initiated a Mortgage-Backed Securities Program.
Operating expenses increased primarily due to higher loan origination volumes and investment spending.
Provisions for loan losses and for benefits and claims increased primarily due to lower loan loss reserve releases of $48 million and higher credit losses in the Real Estate Lending business. The lower loan loss reserve releases reflected the absence of a prior-year loan loss reserve release of $165 million related to the reorganization of the U.S. Consumer Finance businesses and a prior-year loan loss reserve build of $110 million related to the estimated impact of Hurricane Katrina. The 90 days-past-due ratio declined in Real Estate Lending business.
2006 YTD vs. 2005 YTD
Net Interest Revenue declined 3%, reflecting net interest margin compression somewhat offset by a 19% increase in average loan balances. Non-Interest Revenue increased due to higher gains on securitization of real estate and student loans, and gains on the sale of securities, somewhat offset by lower servicing revenues. Average loan growth reflected a strong increase in originations across all businesses, driven by an 11% increase in real estate lending.
Operating expenses increased primarily due to higher loan origination volumes, investment spending and the impact of SFAS 123(R).
Provisions for loan losses and for benefits and claims declined due to a favorable credit environment, which led to an increase in loan loss reserve releases of $58 million, driven by the Real Estate Lending business.
U.S. Commercial Business
U.S. Commercial Business provides equipment leasing, financing, and banking services to small- and middle-market businesses ($5 million to $500 million in annual revenues) and financing for investor-owned multifamily and commercial properties. Revenues are comprised of net interest revenue and fees on loans and leases.
U.S. Commercial Business (Continued)
3Q06 vs. 3Q05
Net Interest Revenue declined on continued net interest margin compression, partially offset by the benefit of higher volumes. Average loans (excluding the liquidating portfolio) increased 13%, and average deposits, while down 2%, were affected by the transfer of $1.8 billion in deposits for certain customer segments to the U.S. Retail Distribution business to better service those customers. Excluding this transfer, deposits were up 8%. Non-Interest Revenue declined primarily due to the absence of the prior-year $162 million legal settlement benefit related to the purchase of Copelco.
Operating expense growth was mainly due to the absence of a $23 million expense benefit due to the Copelco settlement recorded in the prior year.
Provision for loan losses declined primarily due to higher loan loss reserve releases resulting from the favorable credit environment and the continued liquidation of non-core portfolios.
Core loan growth reflected strong transaction volumes and growth in loan balances across all business units.
2006 YTD vs. 2005 YTD
Net Interest Revenue declined primarily due to the continuing impact of net interest margin compression, partially offset by strong growth in core loan and deposit balances, up 16% and 10%, respectively, over the prior year. Non-Interest Revenue declined primarily due to the absence of the $162 million legal settlement benefit in the 2005 third quarter related to the purchase of Copelco and the $161 million gain on the sale of the CitiCapital Transportation Finance business in the 2005 first quarter, partly offset by the $31 million pretax gain on the Sale of New York Branches in the 2006 second quarter.
Operating expense growth was primarily due to higher volume-related expenses, the absence of a $23 million expense benefit due to the Copelco settlement recorded in the prior-year period, and the impact of the FAB acquisition and SFAS 123(R), partially offset by lower expenses from the absence of the transportation finance business and severance costs in the prior year.
Provision for loan losses declined primarily due to loan loss reserve releases of $84 million due to a favorable credit environment, and the continued liquidation of non-core portfolios.
Deposit and core loan growth reflected strong transaction volumes and balances across all business units and the impact of the FAB acquisition, partially offset by declines in the liquidating portfolio.
(This page has been left blank intentionally.)
International Consumer is comprised of three businesses: Cards, Consumer Finance and Retail Banking.
NM Not meaningful
International Consumer is comprised of three businesses: Cards, Consumer Finance and Retail Banking.