Citigroup 10-Q 2010
Documents found in this filing:
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2010
Commission file number 1-9924
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No ý
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock as of the latest practicable date:
Common stock outstanding as of October 31, 2010: 29,050,168,996
Available on the web at www.citigroup.com
THIRD QUARTER 2010FORM 10-Q
Citigroup's history dates back to the founding of Citibank in 1812. Citigroup's original corporate predecessor was incorporated in 1988 under the laws of the State of Delaware. Following a series of transactions over a number of years, Citigroup Inc. was formed in 1998 upon the merger of Citicorp and Travelers Group Inc.
Citigroup is a global diversified financial services holding company whose businesses provide consumers, corporations, governments and institutions with a broad range of financial products and services. Citi has approximately 200 million customer accounts and does business in more than 160 countries and jurisidictions.
Citigroup currently operates, for management reporting purposes, via two primary business segments: Citicorp, consisting of Citi's Regional Consumer Banking businesses and Institutional Clients Group; and Citi Holdings, consisting of Citi's Brokerage and Asset Management and Local Consumer Lending businesses, and a Special Asset Pool. There is also a third segment, Corporate/Other. For a further description of the business segments and the products and services they provide, see "Citigroup Segments" below, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Throughout this report, "Citigroup" and "Citi" refer to Citigroup Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with Citigroup's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009 (2009 Annual Report on Form 10-K), Citigroup's updated 2009 historical financial statements and notes filed on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on June 25, 2010 and Citigroup's Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, 2010 and June 30, 2010. Additional information about Citigroup is available on the company's Web site at www.citigroup.com. Citigroup's recent annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, as well as its other filings with the SEC are available free of charge through the company's Web site by clicking on the "Investors" page and selecting "All SEC Filings." The SEC's Web site also contains periodic and current reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding Citi at www.sec.gov.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior periods' financial statements to conform to the current period's presentation.
Within this Form 10-Q, please refer to the tables of contents on pages 2 and 94 for page references to Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, respectively.
Impact of Adoption of SFAS 166/167
Effective January 1, 2010, Citigroup adopted Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 860, Transfers and Servicing, formerly SFAS No. 166, Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets, an amendment of FASB Statement No. 140 (SFAS 166), and ASC 810, Consolidations, formerly SFAS No. 167, Amendments to FASB Interpretation No. 46(R) (SFAS 167). Among other requirements, the adoption of these standards includes the requirement that Citi consolidate certain of its credit card securitization trusts and eliminate sale accounting for transfers of credit card receivables to those trusts. As a result, reported and managed-basis presentations are comparable for periods beginning January 1, 2010. For comparison purposes, prior period revenues, net credit losses, provisions for credit losses and for benefits and claims and loans are presented on a managed basis in this Form 10-Q. Managed presentations were applicable only to Citi's North American branded and retail partner credit card operations in North America Regional Consumer Banking and Citi HoldingsLocal Consumer Lending and any aggregations in which they are included. See "Capital Resources and Liquidity" and Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for an additional discussion of the adoption of SFAS 166/167 and its impact on Citigroup.
As described above, Citigroup is managed pursuant to the following segments:
The following are the four regions in which Citigroup operates. The regional results are fully reflected in the segment results above.
Overview of Results
During the third quarter of 2010, Citigroup continued its focus on (i) strengthening and investing in its core assets and businesses in Citicorp, (ii) building and maintaining its financial strength, including maintaining its capital, liquidity and continued expense discipline, and (iii) winding down Citi Holdings as quickly as practicable in an economically rational manner.
For the quarter, Citigroup reported net income of $2.2 billion, or $0.07 per diluted share. Results for the quarter included a $435 million (after tax) loss related to the announced sale of The Student Loan Corporation (SLC), which is reflected in discontinued operations for the third quarter of 2010. Revenues of $20.7 billion decreased 10% from comparable year-ago levels. The decline in revenues was due to lower revenues in Citi Holdings (driven by a declining loan balance in Local Consumer Lending and lower positive net revenue marks in the Special Asset Pool) and lower Securities and Banking revenues excluding Credit Valuation Adjustment (CVA), offset by positive CVA of $99 million in the third quarter of 2010 (versus negative CVA of $1.8 billion in the prior-year period). Citicorp's net income was $3.5 billion; Citi Holdings had a net loss of $1.1 billion.
In Citicorp, Securities and Banking revenues, excluding CVA, were $5.5 billion in the third quarter of 2010, down 17% from the prior-year period. While overall client market activity remained muted in the third quarter of 2010, Citi continued to benefit from consistent growth in Securities and Banking emerging markets revenues. Fixed income markets revenues excluding CVA were $3.4 billion compared to $4.9 billion in the third quarter of 2009. Equity markets revenues excluding CVA were $1.1 billion, compared to $1.3 billion in the prior-year quarter. Investment banking revenues declined 20% from the prior-year period to $930 million. Lending revenues were negative $18 million in the third quarter of 2010, compared with a negative $794 million in the third quarter of 2009.
Regional Consumer Banking revenues were up $241 million on a comparable basis from the prior-year quarter to $8.2 billion, driven by growth in Latin America and Asia.
Transaction Services revenues were up from year-ago levels by 3% to $2.5 billion, also driven by growth in Latin America and Asia.
Within Citi Holdings, Local Consumer Lending revenues of $3.5 billion in the third quarter of 2010 were down 33% on a comparable basis from the year-ago period, driven by a lower loan balance and continued asset sales, as well as the addition of $322 million of mortgage repurchase reserves related to North America residential real estate (compared to a build of $33 million in the prior-year period).
Revenues in the Special Asset Pool decreased to $0.3 billion in the third quarter of 2010, from $1.4 billion in the prior-year period, largely driven by lower positive net revenue marks of $567 million in the third quarter of 2010, compared to $1,517 million in the same quarter of 2009.
Citi's Net interest revenue increased 10% from the third quarter of 2009, primarily driven by the impact from the adoption of SFAS 166/167. Sequentially, Citi's net interest margin (NIM) of 3.07% decreased by 8 basis points primarily due to the continued run-off and sales of higher-yielding assets in Citi Holdings and investments in lower-yielding securities, given current rates.
Non-interest revenue decreased 11% from the year-ago period reflecting lower revenues on mortgage servicing rights, partially offset by higher realized gains on investment securities.
Operating expenses decreased 3% from the year-ago quarter and were down 3% from the second quarter of 2010. The decline in expenses from the year-ago quarter reflected the decrease in Citi Holdings expenses, which more than offset the increase in Citicorp expenses resulting from continued investments in the Citicorp businesses. The sequential decline in expenses primarily related to the absence of the U.K. bonus tax in the second quarter of 2010, partially offset by ongoing investments in Citicorp businesses. Citi's full-time employees numbered 258,000 at September 30, 2010, down 18,000 from September 30, 2009 and down 1,000 from June 30, 2010.
Net credit losses of $7.7 billion in the third quarter of 2010 were down 30% from year-ago levels on a comparable basis, and down 4% from the second quarter of 2010. Net credit losses (NCLs) improved for the fifth consecutive quarter. Consumer NCLs of $6.7 billion were down 29% on a comparable basis from the prior-year period and down 10% from the prior quarter. While North America NCLs continued to represent over 80% of Citi's total consumer NCLs, during the third quarter of 2010, losses in North America improved at a faster rate than in Citi's international consumer businesses. North America consumer NCLs were down 11% sequentially, while international consumer NCLs declined by 7%.
Corporate NCLs of $922 million were down 40% from the prior-year period and up 95% from the prior quarter. The sequential increase in corporate NCLs was principally due to a charge-off on a specific corporate credit in Citicorp, and, in Citi Holdings, higher cost of loan sales and the charge-off of loans for which Citi had previously established specific SFAS 114 reserves that were released during the third quarter of 2010 upon recognition of the charge-off.
Citi's total allowance for loan losses was $43.7 billion at September 30, 2010, or 6.73% of total loans. The percentage was essentially flat compared to June 30, 2010, which was 6.72% of total loans. During the third quarter of 2010, Citi had a net release of $2.0 billion to its credit reserves and allowance for unfunded lending commitments, compared to a net build of $802 million in the third quarter of 2009 and a net release of $1.5 billion in the second quarter of 2010. An improving to stabilizing credit environment contributed to the release during the current quarter. Citi experienced continued improvement in NCLs and 90 days or more delinquencies across its North America cards portfolios (both branded and Retail partner
cards) and North America mortgage portfolio in Citi Holdings during the third quarter of 2010.
The total allowance for consumer loan losses decreased $2.0 billion to $37.6 billion at the end of the quarter, but increased as a percentage of total consumer loans to 8.16%, compared to 7.87% at the end of the second quarter of 2010. The increase in the percentage was mainly due to the announced sale of SLC, which moved approximately $30 billion of loans to held-for-sale. The decrease in the total allowance was mainly due to a net release of $1.4 billion as well as reductions from asset sales in the U.S. real estate lending portfolio and certain loan portfolios moving to held-for-sale. The $1.4 billion net release was mainly driven by Retail partner cards in Citi Holdings, as well as the international Regional Consumer Banking businesses in Citicorp.
The total allowance for loan losses for funded corporate loans declined by $552 million to $6.1 billion at September 30, 2010, or 3.22% of corporate loans, down from 3.59% in the second quarter of 2010. Corporate non-accrual loans were $9.9 billion at September 30, 2010, compared to $11.0 billion at June 30, 2010 and $14.7 billion in the year-ago period. The decrease in non-accrual loans from the prior quarter was mainly due to loan sales, write-offs and paydowns, which were partially offset by increases due to the weakening of certain borrowers.
The effective tax rate on continuing operations for the third quarter of 2010 was 21%, reflecting taxable earnings in lower tax rate jurisdictions, as well as tax advantaged earnings.
Total deposits were $850 billion at September 30, 2010, up 4% from June 30, 2010 and up 2% from year-ago levels. Citi's structural liquidity (equity, long-term debt and deposits as a percentage of assets) was 71% at September 30, 2010, unchanged as compared with June 30, 2010 and down slightly from 72% at September 30, 2009.
Total assets increased $46 billion from the end of the second quarter of 2010 to $1,983 billion. Citi Holdings assets decreased $44 billion during the third quarter of 2010, consisting of approximately $32 billion of asset sales and business dispositions, $9 billion of net run-off and pay downs and $3 billion of net cost of credit and net asset marks. Citi Holdings total GAAP assets of $421 billion at September 30, 2010, represented 21% of Citi's total GAAP assets. Citi Holdings' risk-weighted assets were approximately $370 billion, or approximately 37% of Citi's risk-weighted assets, as of September 30, 2010.
Citigroup's Total stockholders' equity increased by $8.1 billion during the third quarter of 2010 to $162.9 billion, reflecting net income during the quarter, $1.9 billion related to the ADIA share issuance and a $3.9 billion improvement in Accumulated other comprehensive income largely from foreign exchange translation (generally referred to throughout this report as "FX translation"). Citigroup's total equity capital base and trust preferred securities were $183.4 billion at September 30, 2010. Citigroup maintained its "well-capitalized" position with a Tier 1 Capital ratio of 12.50% at September 30, 2010, up from 11.99% at June 30, 2010. Citigroup's Tier 1 Common ratio was 10.33% at September 30, 2010, compared to 9.71% at June 30, 2010.
Within Citicorp, overall trends in client activity and the global economic and capital markets environment are expected to continue to drive Citi's Securities and Banking revenues.
Citi expects continued headwinds in North America Regional Consumer Banking from The Credit Card Accountability Responsibility and Disclosure Act of 2009 (CARD Act), which will continue to have a negative impact on U.S. credit card revenues. Citi currently estimates that the CARD Act will have a net pre-tax impact on Citi-branded cards for the full year 2010 at the lower end of its previously disclosed range of $400 million to $600 million. As previously disclosed, for Retail partner cards in Local Consumer Lending, Citi's full-year 2010 estimate of negative net revenue impact resulting from the CARD Act is approximately $150 million to $200 million. Within the international businesses in Regional Consumer Banking, Citi believes revenues should begin to reflect the growth Citi is seeing in the underlying revenue drivers, such as new loan and deposit growth.
Within Citi Holdings, Citi currently believes Local Consumer Lending revenues should continue to decline given the shrinking loan balance resulting from paydowns and continued asset sales. Citi further believes that net revenue marks in the Special Asset Pool, which have been positive for the last six quarters, will remain episodic.
NIM will likely remain under pressure throughout the remainder of the year.
With respect to expenses, Citi expects quarterly expenses to continue to be in the range of $11.5 billion to $12 billion. As previously disclosed, Citicorp's expenses may continue to increase, reflecting ongoing investments in its core businesses, while in Citi Holdings expenses should continue to decline as assets are reduced.
As in recent prior quarters, credit costs are expected to remain a significant component of earnings performance in the fourth quarter. In North America cards, Citi expects NCLs will continue to improve modestly for both portfolios, but likely remain at elevated levels until employment recovers in the U.S. In North America mortgages, Citi remains cautious as the improvement in NCLs and delinquency metrics to date reflects asset sales and loss mitigation efforts. Mortgages also remain at risk to economic factors, including unemployment, home prices, government programs, and foreclosure regulations. Internationally, Citi believes consumer NCLs should remain fairly stable in the fourth quarter.
Consumer loan loss reserve balances will continue to reflect the losses embedded in Citi's consumer portfolios, given underlying credit trends and loss mitigation efforts. The recognition of credit losses and the build or release of loan loss reserves in Citi's corporate credit portfolio will continue to be episodic.
CITIGROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
[Continued on the following page, including notes to table.]
SUMMARY OF SELECTED FINANCIAL DATAPage 2
The following tables show the income (loss) and revenues for Citigroup on a segment, business and product view:
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Citicorp is the company's global bank for consumers and businesses and represents Citi's core franchise. Citicorp is focused on providing best-in-class products and services to customers and leveraging Citigroup's unparalleled global network. Citicorp is physically present in approximately 100 countries, many for over 100 years, and offers services in over 160 countries and jurisdictions. Citi believes this global network provides a strong foundation for servicing the broad financial services needs of large multinational clients and for meeting the needs of retail, private banking, commercial and institutional customers around the world. Citigroup's global footprint provides coverage of the world's emerging economies, which Citi believes represent a strong area of growth. At September 30, 2010, Citicorp had approximately $1.3 trillion of assets and $757 billion of deposits, representing approximately 65% of Citi's total assets and approximately 89% of its deposits.
Citicorp consists of the following businesses: Regional Consumer Banking (which includes retail banking and Citi-branded cards in four regionsNorth America, EMEA, Latin America and Asia) and Institutional Clients Group (which includes Securities and Banking and Transaction Services).
Regional Consumer Banking (RCB) consists of Citigroup's four regional consumer banking businesses that provide traditional banking services to retail customers. RCB also contains Citigroup's branded cards business and Citi's local commercial banking business. RCB is a globally diversified business with over 4,200 branches in 39 countries around the world. During the third quarter of 2010, 54% of total RCB revenues were from outside North America. Additionally, the majority of international revenues and loans were from emerging economies in Asia, Latin America, and Central and Eastern Europe and the Middle East. At September 30, 2010, RCB had $311 billion of assets and $300 billion of deposits.