Citigroup 10-Q 2012
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QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2012
Commission file number 1-9924
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No ý
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock as of the latest practicable date:
Common stock outstanding as of June 30, 2012: 2,932,483,238
Available on the web at www.citigroup.com
Citigroup's history dates back to the founding of Citibank in 1812. Citigroup's original corporate predecessor was incorporated in 1988 under the laws of the State of Delaware. Following a series of transactions over a number of years, Citigroup Inc. was formed in 1998 upon the merger of Citicorp and Travelers Group Inc.
Citigroup is a global diversified financial services holding company whose businesses provide consumers, corporations, governments and institutions with a broad range of financial products and services. Citi has approximately 200 million customer accounts and does business in more than 160 countries and jurisdictions.
Citigroup currently operates, for management reporting purposes, via two primary business segments: Citicorp, consisting of Citi's Global Consumer Banking businesses and Institutional Clients Group; and Citi Holdings, consisting of Brokerage and Asset Management, Local Consumer Lending and Special Asset Pool. For a further description of the business segments and the products and services they provide, see "Citigroup Segments" below, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Throughout this report, "Citigroup," "Citi" and "the Company" refer to Citigroup Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with Citigroup's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 (2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K) and Citigroup's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2012. Additional information about Citigroup is available on Citi's Web site at www.citigroup.com. Citigroup's recent annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, proxy statements, as well as other filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), are available free of charge through Citi's Web site by clicking on the "Investors" page and selecting "All SEC Filings." The SEC's Web site also contains current reports, information statements, and other information regarding Citi at www.sec.gov.
Within this Form 10-Q, please refer to the tables of contents on pages 2 and 104 for page references to Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, respectively.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior periods' financial statements to conform to the current period's presentation. For information on certain recent such classifications, including the transfer of the substantial majority of Citi's retail partner cards businesses (which is now referred to as Citi retail services) from Citi HoldingsLocal Consumer Lending to CiticorpNorth America Regional Consumer Banking, which was effective January 1, 2012, see Citi's Form 8-K furnished to the SEC on March 26, 2012.
As described above, Citigroup is managed pursuant to the following segments:
The following are the four regions in which Citigroup operates. The regional results are fully reflected in the segment results above.
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
SECOND QUARTER 2012 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Citigroup reported second quarter of 2012 net income of $2.9 billion, or $0.95 per diluted share. Citi's reported net income declined by 12%, or $395 million, from the second quarter of 2011. Results for the second quarter of 2012 included a positive credit valuation adjustment on derivatives (excluding monolines), net of hedges (CVA) and debt valuation adjustment on Citi's fair value option debt (DVA) of $219 million, compared to positive $164 million in the second quarter of 2011, as Citi's credit spreads marginally widened during the quarter. Results for the second quarter of 2012 also included a net pre-tax loss of $424 million from the partial sale of Citi's minority interest in Akbank T.A.S. (Akbank). This compared to a $199 million gain recorded in the second quarter of 2011 from the partial sale of Citi's minority interest in Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd.
Excluding CVA/DVA and the impact of these minority investments, Citi earned $3.1 billion in the second quarter of 2012, or $1.00 per diluted share, compared to $1.02 per diluted share in the prior-year period. The year-over-year decrease in earnings per share, excluding CVA/DVA and the impact of minority investments, primarily reflected lower revenues, partially offset by a year-over-year decline in expenses and continued declines in credit costs.
As announced on July 19, 2012, Citi could have a significant non-cash charge to its net income in the third quarter of 2012, representing other-than-temporary impairment of the carrying value of its 49% interest in the Morgan Stanley Smith Barney joint venture. For additional information, see "Citi HoldingsBrokerage and Asset Management" and Notes 11 and 24 to the Consolidated Financial Statements below.
Citi's revenues, net of interest expense, were $18.6 billion in the second quarter of 2012, down 10% versus the prior-year period. Excluding CVA/DVA and the impact of minority investments, revenues were $18.8 billion, down 7% from the second quarter of 2011, as revenues in Citicorp (comprised of Global Consumer Banking (GCB), Securities and Banking and Transaction Services) were unchanged from the prior-year period while revenues continued to decline in Citi Holdings. Net interest revenues of $11.6 billion were 5% lower than the prior-year period, largely due to continued declining loan balances in Local Consumer Lending in Citi Holdings. Excluding CVA/DVA and the impact of minority investments, non-interest revenues were $7.3 billion, down 11% from the prior-year period, principally due to the absence of gains on the sale of reclassified held-to-maturity securities and other assets in the Special Asset Pool in the second quarter of 2011.
Citigroup expenses fell 6% versus the prior-year period to $12.1 billion. In the second quarter of 2012, Citi recorded legal and related costs and repositioning charges of $666 million ($480 million of legal and related costs and $186 million of repositioning charges, approximately half of which was related to Securities and Banking), compared to $637 million in the prior-year period ($601 million of legal and related costs and $36 million of repositioning charges). Excluding these items, as well as the impact of foreign exchange translation into U.S. dollars for reporting purposes (FX translation), which lowered reported expenses by approximately $0.5 billion in the second quarter of 2012, operating expenses fell by 3% to $11.5 billion versus the prior-year period. Citi's legal and related expenses remained at elevated levels during the second quarter of 2012, and will likely continue to be difficult to predict. Citi could also incur additional repositioning charges in future periods, as it continues to adapt its businesses to the market environment.
Citicorp's expenses were $10.3 billion, down 3% from $10.7 billion in the prior-year period, due primarily a decline in Securities and Banking expenses year-over-year resulting from efficiency savings and lower compensation costs.
Citi Holdings expenses were down 25% year-over-year to $1.2 billion, principally due to the continued decline in assets and thus lower operating expenses, as well as lower legal and related costs.
Citi's total provisions for credit losses and for benefits and claims of $2.8 billion declined $581 million, or 17%, from the prior-year period. Net credit losses of $3.6 billion were down $1.6 billion, or 31%, from the second quarter of 2011. Consumer net credit losses declined $1.4 billion, or 29%, to $3.4 billion, driven by continued credit improvement in North America Citi-branded cards and Citi retail services in Citicorp and in Local Consumer Lending within Citi Holdings. Corporate net credit losses decreased $196 million year-over-year to $154 million, driven primarily by continued credit improvement in the Special Asset Pool in Citi Holdings.
The net release of allowance for loan losses and unfunded lending commitments was $984 million in the second quarter of 2012, down 50% from the net release of $2.0 billion in the second quarter of 2011. Of the $984 million net reserve release, $923 million related to Consumer and was mainly driven by North America Citi-branded cards and Citi retail services. The $61 million net Corporate reserve release was mainly driven by the Special Asset Pool in Citi Holdings.
$715 million of the net reserve release was attributable to Citicorp and compared to a $1.4 billion release in the prior-year period. The decline in the Citicorp reserve release year-over-year mostly reflected a lower reserve release in North America Regional Consumer Banking (NA RCB) and a reserve build within Latin America Regional Consumer Banking (LATAM RCB), primarily driven by loan growth. The $269 million net reserve release in Citi Holdings was down from $583 million in the prior-year period, due primarily to lower releases in the Special Asset Pool.
Capital and Loan Loss Reserve Positions
Citigroup's Tier 1 Capital ratio was 14.5% at quarter end and its Tier 1 Common ratio was 12.7%, up approximately 90 and 110 basis points, respectively, from the prior-year period. Citi's estimated Tier 1 Common ratio under Basel III was 7.9% at the end of the second quarter of 2012, an increase from an estimated 7.2% as of the first quarter of 2012. The increase in Citi's estimated Basel III Tier 1 Common ratio quarter-over-quarter was primarily due to net income, but was also positively impacted by the partial sale of Citi's stake in Akbank as well as lower risk-weighted assets. For additional information on Citi's estimated Basel III Tier 1 Common ratio, see "Capital Resources and LiquidityCapital Resources" below.
Citigroup's total allowance for loan losses was $27.6 billion at quarter end, or 4.3% of total loans, compared to $34.4 billion, or 5.4%, in the prior-year period. The decline in the total allowance for loan losses reflected continued asset sales in Citi Holdings, lower non-accrual loans, and overall continued improvement in the credit quality of the loan portfolios.
The Consumer allowance for loan losses was $24.6 billion, or 6.0% of total Consumer loans, at quarter-end, compared to $30.9 billion, or 7.0% of total loans, at June 30, 2011. Total non-accrual assets declined 22% to $11.5 billion compared to the second quarter of 2011. Corporate non-accrual loans declined 47% to $2.6 billion, and Consumer non-accrual loans declined 1% to $8.3 billion.
Citicorp net income increased 6% from the prior-year period to $4.3 billion. The increase largely reflected a 3% decline in each of operating expenses and provisions for credit losses and for benefits and claims, with revenues relatively unchanged at $18.0 billion. The decline in operating expenses in Citicorp year-over-year primarily reflected the impact of FX translation. CVA/DVA recorded in Securities and Banking was a positive $198 million in the second quarter of 2012, compared to positive $147 million in the prior-year period. Excluding CVA/DVA, Citicorp net income increased 5% from the prior-year period to $4.2 billion.
Excluding CVA/DVA, Citicorp revenues were $17.8 billion, flat versus the second quarter of 2011. GCB revenues of $9.8 billion were largely unchanged versus the prior-year period. North America RCB revenues grew 4% to $5.1 billion driven by higher mortgage revenues, which Citi expects could continue into the third quarter of 2012. The higher mortgage revenues were partially offset by lower cards revenues as consumers continued to deleverage in the face of ongoing macroeconomic uncertainty. Citi expects this trend in cards to continue for the remainder of 2012.
International GCB revenues (consisting of Asia Regional Consumer Banking (Asia RCB), LATAM RCB and EMEA Regional Consumer Banking (EMEA RCB)) declined 4% year-over-year to $4.6 billion. International GCB revenues were negatively impacted by FX translation as the U.S. dollar generally strengthened in the second quarter of 2012 against local currencies in which Citi generates revenues. Excluding the impact of FX translation, international GCB revenues rose 4% year-over-year, driven by 8% revenue growth in LATAM RCB, partially offset by a 1% decline in EMEA RCB while revenues in Asia RCB were largely unchanged. In Asia, the slowdown in revenue growth from prior periods reflected a combination of lower investment sales due to overall macroeconomic concerns and regulatory actions to limit the availability of consumer credit in certain countries, particularly Korea. Citi expects these regulatory factors to continue to negatively impact revenues in Asia in the third and fourth quarters of 2012.
In North America RCB, average deposits of $151 billion grew 5% year-over-year and retail loans of $41 billion grew 22%, while average card loans of $108 billion declined 3% and card purchase sales were roughly flat due to the deleveraging related to ongoing macroeconomic uncertainty, as referenced above. Excluding the impact of FX translation, international GCB average deposits of $166 billion grew 1% year-over-year, average retail loans of $97 billion were up 11%, and average card loans of $36 billion grew 5% year-over-year. International card purchase sales were up 10%, excluding the impact of FX translation.
Citicorp end of period loans increased for the sixth consecutive quarter, up 10% year-over-year to $527 billion, with 2% growth in Consumer loans and 22% growth in Corporate loans.
Securities and Banking revenues were $5.4 billion in the second quarter of 2012, down 1% year-over-year. Excluding the impact of CVA/DVA, Securities and Banking revenues were $5.2 billion, or 2% lower than the prior-year period. Fixed income markets revenues, excluding CVA/DVA,(1) of $2.8 billion in the second quarter of 2012 decreased 4% from the prior-year period, as lower revenues in credit and securitized products, driven by weaker market conditions, were partially offset by strong revenue growth within rates and currencies. Equity markets revenues, excluding CVA/DVA, of $550 million in the second quarter of 2012 were 29% below the prior-year period, largely related to lower industry volumes in cash equities. Investment banking revenues fell 21% from the prior-year period to $854 million as slight growth in advisory revenues was more than offset by declines in debt and equity underwriting revenues. Lending revenues of $608 million were up 70% from the prior-year period, driven by higher net interest revenues on strong corporate loan growth and improved spreads, as well as $42 million in gains on hedges compared to an $85 million loss on hedges in the prior-year period. Private Bank revenues, excluding CVA/DVA, of $570 million were up 3% from the prior-year period driven primarily by growth in North America lending and deposits.
Transaction Services revenues were $2.8 billion, up 5% from the prior-year period, as growth in Treasury and Trade Solutions offset declines in Securities and Fund Services. Treasury and Trade Solutions revenue growth reflected strong growth in average deposits and trade loans. Securities and Fund Services revenues primarily reflected the impact of FX
translation. Excluding the impact of FX translation, Securities and Fund Services delivered modest revenue growth while absorbing lower assets under custody and lower settlement volumes. Transaction Services average deposits and other customer liabilities grew 8% year-over-year to $396 billion, while assets under custody declined 6% year-over-year to $12.2 trillion.
Citi Holdings net loss of $920 million in the second quarter of 2012 was higher than the loss of $661 million reported in the second quarter of 2011, as revenue declines and lower credit reserve releases more than offset lower expenses and a continued improvement in net credit losses.
Citi Holdings revenues decreased 62% from the prior-year period to $924 million. Excluding CVA/DVA of positive $21 million in the second quarter of 2012, compared to positive $17 million in the prior-year period, Citi Holdings revenues were $903 million, or 62% lower than the second quarter of 2011. Net interest revenues declined 44% year-over-year to $581 million, largely driven by continued declining loan balances in Local Consumer Lending. Non-interest revenues, excluding CVA/DVA, decreased 76% to $322 million from the prior-year period, primarily reflecting the absence of gains on sale of reclassified held-to-maturity securities and other assets in the Special Asset Pool in the second quarter of 2011.
Citi Holdings assets declined 28% year-over-year to $191 billion as of the end of the second quarter of 2012. At the end of the second quarter of 2012, Citi Holdings assets comprised approximately 10% of total Citigroup GAAP assets and 18% of current risk-weighted assets. Local Consumer Lending continued to represent the largest segment within Citi Holdings, with $138 billion of assets. Over 70% of Local Consumer Lending assets, or approximately $100 billion, consist of mortgages in North America real estate lending. As of the end of the second quarter of 2012, approximately $9.5 billion of Citi's loan loss reserves were allocated to North America real estate lending in Citi Holdings.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
SUMMARY OF SELECTED FINANCIAL DATAPage 1
Statement continues on the next page, including notes to the table.
SUMMARY OF SELECTED FINANCIAL DATAPage 2
SEGMENT AND BUSINESSINCOME (LOSS) AND REVENUES
The following tables show the income (loss) and revenues for Citigroup on a segment and business view:
Citicorp is Citigroup's global bank for consumers and businesses and represents Citi's core franchises. Citicorp is focused on providing best-in-class products and services to customers and leveraging Citigroup's unparalleled global network, including many of the world's emerging economies. Citicorp is physically present in approximately 100 countries, many for over 100 years, and offers services in over 160 countries and jurisdictions. Citi believes this global network provides a strong foundation for servicing the broad financial services needs of its large multinational clients and for meeting the needs of retail, private banking, commercial, public sector and institutional clients around the world. At June 30, 2012, Citicorp had approximately $1.4 trillion of assets and $845 billion of deposits, representing approximately 75% of Citi's total assets and approximately 92% of its deposits.
Citicorp consists of the following businesses: Global Consumer Banking (which included retail banking and Citi-branded cards in four regionsNorth America, EMEA, Latin America and Asia, as well as Citi retail services in North America) and Institutional Clients Group (which includes Securities and Banking and Transaction Services).
GLOBAL CONSUMER BANKING
Global Consumer Banking (GCB) consists of Citigroup's four geographical Regional Consumer Banking (RCB) businesses that provide traditional banking services to retail customers through retail banking, commercial banking, Citi-branded cards and Citi retail services. GCB is a globally diversified business with 4,080 branches in 39 countries around the world. At June 30, 2012, GCB had $387 billion of assets and $324 billion of deposits.
NORTH AMERICA REGIONAL CONSUMER BANKING
North America Regional Consumer Banking (NA RCB) provides traditional banking and Citi-branded card and Citi retail service to retail customers and small to mid-size businesses in the U.S. NA RCB's 1,015 retail bank branches and 12.5 million customer accounts, as of June 30, 2012, are largely concentrated in the greater metropolitan areas of New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Miami, Washington, D.C., Boston, Philadelphia and certain larger cities in Texas. At June 30, 2012, NA RCB had $40.9 billion of retail banking loans and $153.2 billion of deposits. In addition, NA RCB had 102.8 million Citi-branded and Citi retail services credit card accounts, with $109.3 billion in outstanding card loan balances.