This excerpt taken from the C 10-Q filed Aug 7, 2009.
Home Affordable Modification Program
On March 4, 2009, the U.S. Treasury (UST) announced details of the Obama administration's Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP). HAMP is designed to reduce the monthly mortgage payments to a 31% housing debt ratio by lowering the interest rate, extending the term of the loan and forbearing principal of certain eligible borrowers who have defaulted on their mortgages, or who are at risk of imminent default due to economic hardship. In order to be entitled to loan modifications, borrowers must complete a three-month trial period, and must be current at the end of the trial period. During the trial period, the original terms of the loans remain in effect pending final modification.
With respect to interest rate reductions, if the reduced interest rate is equal to or greater than the Freddie Mac Survey Rate at the time of modification, the reduced rate is permanent. If the reduced rate is less than the Freddie Mac Survey Rate at the time of modification, the rate will remain in effect for a period of five years. After five years, the interest rate may increase annually to a rate capped at the Freddie Mac Survey Rate at the time of original modification. The financial impact of interest rate reductions are shared between participating financial institutions, including Citi's wholly-owned subsidiary, CitiMortgage Inc., and the UST.
Under HAMP, investors and servicers of mortgages are entitled to receive certain payments from the UST based on the completion of loan modifications and continued borrower performance under the modified terms. To date, Citi has not recorded any fees under HAMP, as the trial period began in June 2009. During the trial period, the borrower continues to owe interest at the original contractual rate and recognizes interest to the extent permitted under Citi's nonaccrual policy. In addition, the Company does not record charge-offs while the loans are in the trial period if at least one payment under the trial period terms has been made.