This excerpt taken from the C 10-K filed Feb 24, 2006.
St. Paul, MetLife and Legg Mason Equity Securities
2005 vs. 2004
Total proprietary revenues, net of interest expense, were composed of revenues from private equity of $2.6 billion, other investment activity of $458 million and hedge funds of $69 million. Private equity revenue increased $1.2 billion, primarily driven by gains realized through the sale of portfolio investments. The Company's investment in CVC/Brazil is subject to a variety of unresolved matters involving some of its portfolio companies, which could affect future valuation of these companies.* Other investment activities revenue increased $364 million, due to realized gains from the sale of a portion of Citigroup's investment in St. Paul shares, while hedge fund revenue increased $57 million due to a higher net change in unrealized gains on a substantially increased asset base. Client revenues increased $67 million, reflecting increased management fees from 25% growth in client capital under management.
Operating expenses increased due primarily to increased performance-driven compensation and higher investment spending in hedge funds and real estate.
Minority interest, net of tax, increased, primarily due to private equity gains related to underlying investments held by consolidated legal entities. The impact of minority interest is reflected in fees, dividends, and interest, and net realized gains/(losses) consistent with cash proceeds received by minority interest.
Proprietary capital under management increased $4.1 billion, primarily driven by the MetLife and Legg Mason shares acquired during 2005, as well as the funding of proprietary investments in hedge funds and real estate, partially offset by the sale of a portion of Citigroup's holdings of St. Paul shares.
Client capital under management increased $5.0 billion due to inflows from institutional and high-net-worth clients, and the reclassification of $1.4 billion in assets for the former Travelers Life & Annuities business, following the July 1, 2005 sale to MetLife.
2004 vs. 2003
Total proprietary revenues, net of interest expense were composed of $1.3 billion for private equity, $12 million for hedge funds and $94 million for other investment activity. Private equity revenues increased $418 million primarily due to net unrealized gains from investments managed by the U.S. and international investment teams as compared to net unrealized losses in 2003. Other investment activity revenue increased $60 million, reflecting sales in 2004 of St. Paul shares. Partially offsetting these increases, hedge fund revenues decreased $69 million as a result of a lower change in unrealized gains in 2004 versus 2003.
Operating expenses increased, primarily reflecting higher performance-driven compensation.
Minority interest, net of tax, decreased, primarily due to the absence of prior-year dividends and a mark-to-market valuation on the recapitalization of a private equity investment held by a consolidated legal entity.
Proprietary capital under management increased, primarily driven by growth in hedge funds, partially offset by a decrease in private equity.