These excerpts taken from the C 10-Q filed Nov 5, 2007.
3Q07 vs. 3Q06
Net Interest Revenue was 3% higher than the prior year, as growth in average deposits and loans of 16% and 9%, respectively, was partially offset by a decrease in net interest margins (interest revenue less interest expense divided by average interest-earning assets). Net interest margin declined due to a shift in customer deposits to higher cost direct bank and time deposit balances, a mix toward lower-yielding mortgage assets, and the securitization of higher margin credit card receivables, partially offset by lower promotional credit card receivable balances.
Non-Interest Revenue decreased 2% primarily due to the absence of pilot-year gain on sale of Mortgage-Backed Securities (MBS) in Consumer Lending, and lower securitization gains and a decline in the residual interest in Cards.
Operating expenses increased primarily due to acquisitions and increased investment spending, including 49 new branch openings during the quarter (35 in CitiFinancial and 14 in Citibank) and lower marketing spending in the prior year.
Provisions for loan losses and for benefits and claims increased substantially primarily reflecting weakening credit indicators, including increased delinquencies in first and second mortgages and unsecured personal loans, as well as trends in the U.S. macro-economic environment and the change in estimate of loan losses. The increase in provision for loan losses also reflected the absence of loan loss reserve releases recorded in the prior year. The net credit loss ratio increased 22 basis points to 1.37%.
The Net Income decline also reflected the absence of the 2006 third quarter $54 million tax benefit resulting from the resolution of the 2006 New York Tax Audits.
3Q07 vs. 3Q06
Net Interest Revenue increased 18%. Growth was driven by higher average deposits and loans of 18% and 29%, respectively, as well as the impact of the acquisitions of Grupo Financiero Uno (GFU), Egg and Grupo Cuscatlan.
Non-Interest Revenue increased 72%, primarily due to the gain on the sale of Redecard shares $(729 million pretax), a 37% increase in Card purchase sales and increased investment product sales. The positive impact of foreign currency translation also contributed to increases in revenues.
Operating expenses increased 31%, reflecting the acquisitions of GFU, Grupo Cuscatlan and Egg, and an increase in ownership in Nikko Cordial. Expense growth also reflects volume growth across the regions (excluding Japan Consumer Finance), the impact of foreign currency translation, write-downs of $152 million on customer intangibles and fixed assets and continued investment spending, including the opening of 47 branches.
Provisions for loan losses and for benefits and claims increased substantially, primarily due to the change in estimate of loan losses, portfolio growth, and the impact of recent acquisitions.
Net income was affected, in part, by the absence of the 2006 third quarter $24 million tax benefit resulting from the resolution of the 2006 New York Tax Audits.
Net income in Japan Consumer Finance declined significantly due to charges to increase reserves for customer refunds and credit losses, higher expenses due to write-downs on customer intangibles and fixed assets, and a decline in revenues primarily due to lower receivable balances. Financial results reflect recent adverse changes in the operating environment and the impact of consumer lending laws passed in the fourth quarter 2006.
Given the Company's recent experience with the level of Grey Zone related issues, the Company anticipates that the business will have net losses in 2007. The Company continues to analyze the prospects for this business thereafter in light of the difficult operating conditions.
Certain of the statements above are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act. See "Forward-Looking Statements" on page 48.
3Q07 vs. 3Q06
Revenues, net of interest expense, decreased due to a significant decline in Securities and Banking, which was partially offset by strong growth in Transaction Services revenues. Securities and Banking revenues declined due to write-downs on highly-leveraged loans and commitments, CDO and CLO losses, and credit trading losses, related to dislocations in the mortgage-backed securities and credit markets. Decreased revenues in Fixed Income Markets, Debt Underwriting and Lending were partially offset by increased revenues in Equity Markets, Equity Underwriting and Advisory and other fees. Transaction Services revenues increased to a record level, driven by higher customer volumes, stable net interest margins and the acquisition of The Bisys Group, which closed in August 2007.
Operating expenses increased due to the acquisition of Grupo Cuscatlan, Ameriquest, Bisys, and increased ownership in Nikko Cordial, increased headcount, annual salary growth, increased legal expenses and higher business development costs offset by a decline in incentive compensation costs in Securities and Banking.
The provision for credit losses increased driven by higher net credit losses and an increase in loan loss reserves for specific counterparties.
3Q07 vs. 3Q06
Revenues, net of interest expense, increased 41%, primarily reflecting increased ownership of Nikko Cordial; an increase in fee-based and recurring net interest revenue, reflecting the continued advisory-based strategy; an increase in international revenues, driven by strong Capital Markets activity in Asia; and strong domestic branch transactional revenue and syndicate sales. Total assets under fee-based management were $515 billion at September 30, 2007, up 38% from the prior-year period.
Total client assets, including assets under fee-based management, increased 34%, reflecting organic growth and increased ownership of Nikko Cordial and Quilter client assets, as well as the transfer of CIS assets from U.S. Consumer in the second quarter of 2007. Global Wealth Management had 15,458 financial advisors/bankers as of September 30, 2007, compared with 13,601 as of September
30, 2006, driven by the Nikko Cordial and Quilter acquisitions, the CIS transfer, and hiring in the Private Bank. Annualized revenue per FA/banker of $897,000 increased 23% from the prior-year quarter.
Operating expenses increased 38% in the third quarter of 2007, versus the prior-year quarter. The expense increase in 2007 was mainly driven by the Nikko Cordial and Quilter acquisitions, as well as higher variable compensation associated with increased business volumes.
The provision for loan losses increased $40 million, driven by portfolio growth and a reserve increase for specific non-performing loan in the Private Bank.
3Q07 vs. 3Q06
Revenues, net of interest expense, decreased $209 million or 63%.
Total proprietary revenues, net of interest expense, for the third quarter of 2007 of ($45) million were composed of revenues from private equity of $233 million, other investment activity of ($70) million and hedge funds of ($208) million. Private equity revenue increased $177 million from the 2006 third quarter, primarily driven by higher realized and unrealized gains. Hedge fund revenue declined by $209 million, largely due to a lower investment performance. Other investment activities revenue decreased $250 million from the 2006 third quarter, largely due to a lower market value on Legg Mason shares and the absence of prior-year gains from the sale of Citigroup's investment in MetLife shares. Client revenues increased $73 million, reflecting the acquisition of Old Lane and a 46% growth in average client capital under management excluding Old Lane.
Operating expenses in the third quarter of 2007 of $238 million increased $101 million from the third quarter of 2006, primarily due to the inclusion of Old Lane, increased performance-driven compensation and higher employee-related expenses.
Minority interest, net of taxes, in the third quarter of 2007 of ($1) million decreased $11 million from the third quarter of 2006, primarily due to lower private equity gains related to underlying investments held by consolidated majority-owned legal entities. The impact of minority interest is reflected in fees, dividends, and interest, and net realized and net change in unrealized gains (losses) consistent with proceeds received by minority interests.
Proprietary capital under management of $11.6 billion increased $1.4 billion from the third quarter 2006 due to new investments in private equity and hedge funds.
Client capital under management of $50.4 billion in the 2007 third quarter increased $16.9 billion from the 2006 third quarter, due to the inclusion of Old Lane and inflows from institutional and high-net-worth clients.
On July 2, 2007, the Company completed the acquisition of Old Lane Partners, L.P. and Old Lane Partners, GP, LLC (Old Lane). Old Lane is the manager of a global, multi-strategy hedge fund and a private equity fund with total assets under management and private equity commitments of approximately $4.5 billion. Old Lane will operate as part of Alternative Investments.
3Q07 vs. 3Q06
Revenues, net of interest expense, increased, primarily due to improved treasury results, partially offset by Nikko Cordial losses and higher intersegment eliminations.
Restructuring expense. See Note 7 on page 62 for details on the 2007 restructuring charge.
Other operating expenses increased, primarily due to increased staffing, technology and other unallocated expenses, partially offset by higher intersegment eliminations.
Income tax benefits increased due to the higher pretax loss in the current year.