This excerpt taken from the C 10-Q filed Nov 6, 2009.
Summary of Impact of Exchange Offers
During the third quarter of 2009, TCE increased by $60 billion as a result of the exchange of approximately $74 billion carrying amount of preferred shares and $6 billion carrying value of trust preferred securities for 17,372 million shares of common stock and approximately $27.1 billion liquidation amount of trust preferred securities (recorded as Long-term debt at its fair value of $16.2 billion). This resulted in an increase to common stock and APIC of $62 billion and a reduction in Retained earnings of approximately $2 billion, for a total increase in TCE of approximately $60 billion. The additional $64 billion of Tier 1 Common includes the impact of the above plus a reduction in the disallowed Deferred tax asset (which increases Tier 1 Common) that arises from the accounting for the transactions. TCE and Tier 1 Common are non-GAAP financial measures. See "Capital Resources and Liquidity" below for additional information on these measures.
Earnings per share in the third quarter of 2009 was impacted by (1) the increase in shares outstanding as a result of the issuance of common shares and interim securities and the timing thereof, (2) the net impact to Retained earnings and income statement resulting from the exchange offers and (3) dividends on USG preferred shares accrued up to the date of their conversion to interim securities and trust preferred securities.
Deferred taxes are recorded for the future consequences of events that have been recognized in the financial statements or tax returns, based upon enacted tax laws and rates. Deferred tax assets (DTAs) are recognized subject to management's judgment that realization is more likely than not.
As of September 30, 2009, Citigroup had recognized a net deferred tax asset of approximately $38 billion, down $4 billion from approximately $42 billion at June 30, 2009 and down $6.5 billion from approximately $44.5 billion at December 31, 2008. Approximately $13 billion of the net deferred tax asset is included in Tier 1 and Tier 1 Common regulatory capital. The principal items reducing the deferred tax asset during 2009 were a decrease of approximately $3.9 billion relating to the exchange offers and $2.8 billion due to an increase in Other Comprehensive Income.
Although realization is not assured, the Company believes that the realization of the recognized net deferred tax asset at September 30, 2009 is more likely than not based upon expectations of future taxable income in the jurisdictions in which it operates and available tax planning strategies.
Approximately $17 billion of Citigroup's DTA is represented by U.S. federal, state and local tax return carry-forwards subject to expiration substantially beginning in 2017 and continuing through 2028. The remaining $21 billion DTA is largely due to timing differences between the recognition of income for GAAP and tax, representing net deductions that have not yet been taken on a tax return and are not currently subject to expiration. The most significant source of these timing differences is the loan loss reserve build, which accounts for approximately $14 billion of the net DTA. In general, Citigroup would need to generate approximately $85 billion of taxable income during the respective carry-forward periods to fully realize its U.S. federal, state and local DTA.
Citi's ability to utilize its deferred tax assets to offset future taxable income may be significantly limited if Citi experiences an "ownership change," as defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"). In general, an ownership change will occur if there is a cumulative change in Citi's ownership by "5% shareholders" (as defined in the Code) that exceeds 50 percentage points over a rolling three-year period.
The common stock issued pursuant to the exchange offers did not result in an ownership change under the Code. On June 9, 2009, the board of directors of Citigroup adopted a tax benefits preservation plan (the "Plan"). The purpose of the Plan is to minimize the likelihood of an ownership change occurring for Section 382 purposes and thus protect Citigroup's ability to utilize certain of its deferred tax assets, such as net operating loss and tax credit carry forwards, to offset future income. Despite adoption of the Plan, future stock issuance or transactions in our stock that may not be in our control, including sales by the USG, may cause Citi to experience an ownership change and thus limit the Company's ability to utilize its deferred tax asset and reduce its TCE and stockholders' equity.