City National 10-Q 2008
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM TO
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 1-10521
CITY NATIONAL CORPORATION
(EXACT NAME OF REGISTRANT AS SPECIFIED IN ITS CHARTER)
City National Center
400 North Roxbury Drive, Beverly Hills, California, 90210
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to the filing requirements for at least the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). (Check one):
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). o Yes x No
As of August 1, 2008, there were 47,835,465 shares of Common Stock outstanding.
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
CITY NATIONAL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
See accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.
CITY NATIONAL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME
See accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.
CITY NATIONAL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
See accompanying Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.
CITY NATIONAL CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS EQUITY
AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.
CITY NATIONAL CORPORATION
NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. Organization - City National Corporation (the Corporation) is the holding company for City National Bank (the Bank). The Bank delivers banking, trust and investment services through 62 offices in Southern California, the San Francisco Bay area, Nevada and New York City. Additionally, the Corporation delivers investment and wealth advisory services through its wealth advisory affiliates. The Corporation also has an unconsolidated subsidiary, Business Bancorp Capital Trust I. The Corporation is approved as a financial holding company pursuant to the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999. References to the Company mean the Corporation, Bank, all subsidiaries and affiliates together.
2. Consolidation - The financial statements of the Company include the accounts of the Corporation, its non-bank subsidiaries, the Bank and the Banks wholly-owned subsidiaries, after the elimination of all material intercompany transactions. Preferred stock, issued by the Companys REITs, and third-party equity ownership in affiliates are reflected as Minority interest in consolidated subsidiaries in the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The related minority share of earnings is shown as Minority interest expense in the Consolidated Statement of Income.
The Companys investment management and wealth advisory affiliates are organized as limited liability companies. The Corporation generally owns a majority position in each affiliate and certain management members of each affiliate own the remaining shares. The Corporation has contractual arrangements with its affiliates whereby a percentage of revenue is allocable to fund affiliate operating expenses (operating share) while the remaining portion of revenue (distributable revenue) is allocable to the Corporation and the minority owners. All majority-owned affiliates are consolidated. The Corporations interest in one investment management affiliate in which it holds a minority share is accounted for using the equity method.
3. Acquisitions - On February 28, 2007, the Company completed the acquisition of Business Bank Corporation, the parent of Business Bank of Nevada (BBNV) and an unconsolidated subsidiary, Business Bancorp Capital Trust I, in a cash and stock transaction valued at $167 million. BBNV operated as a wholly-owned subsidiary of City National Corporation until after the close of business on April 30, 2007, at which time it was merged into the Bank.
On May 1, 2007, the Corporation completed the acquisition of Lydian Wealth Management in an all-cash transaction. The investment advisory firm is headquartered in Rockville, Maryland and now manages or advises on client assets totaling $9.2 billion. Lydian Wealth Management changed its name to Convergent Wealth Advisors (Convergent Wealth) and became a subsidiary of Convergent Capital Management LLC, the Chicago-based asset management holding company that the Company acquired in 2003. All of the senior executives of Convergent Wealth signed employment agreements and acquired a significant minority ownership interest in Convergent Wealth.
4. Accounting Policies - Our accounting and reporting policies conform to generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and practices in the financial services industry. To prepare the financial statements in conformity with GAAP, management must make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and income and expenses during the reporting period. Circumstances and events that differ significantly from those underlying our estimates and assumptions could cause actual financial results to differ from our estimates. The material estimates included in the financial statements relate to the allowance for loan and lease losses, the reserve for off-balance sheet credit commitments, valuation of stock options, income taxes, goodwill and intangible asset values and valuation of financial assets and liabilities reported at fair value. The Company has applied its critical accounting policies and estimation methods consistently in all periods presented in these financial statements to the periods in which they applied. The allowance for loan and lease losses reflects managements ongoing assessment of the credit quality of the companys portfolio, which is affected by various economic trends, including weakness in the housing sector. Additional factors affecting the provision include net loan charge-offs, nonaccrual loans, risk-rating migration and growth in the portfolio. The Companys estimates and assumptions are expected to change as changes in market conditions and the Companys portfolio occur in subsequent periods.
The Company is on the accrual basis of accounting for income and expense. The results of operations reflect any interim adjustments, all of which are of a normal recurring nature, unless otherwise disclosed in this Form 10-Q, and which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods presented. In accordance with the usual practice of banks, assets and liabilities of individual trust, agency and fiduciary funds have not been included in the financial statements. These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements included in the Companys Annual Report on
Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007. The results for the 2008 interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year. The Company has not made any significant changes in its critical accounting policies or its estimates and assumptions from those disclosed in its 2007 Annual Report other than the adoption of SFAS 157 effective January 1, 2008. The Company has revised certain assumptions related to the adoption of SFAS 157 as discussed below and in Note 5 to these consolidated financial statements.
Certain prior period balances have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
During the six months ended June 30, 2008, the following accounting pronouncements applicable to the Company were issued or became effective:
· The Company adopted FASB Statement No. 157, Fair Value Measurements (SFAS 157) effective January 1, 2008. SFAS 157 defines fair value for financial reporting purposes, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. SFAS 157 does not require new fair value measurements, but does apply under other accounting pronouncements where fair value is required or permitted. The provisions of the statement are being applied prospectively. The Company was not required to record a transition adjustment upon adoption of the Statement.
· On February 12, 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. FAS 157-2, Effective Date of FASB Statement No. 157 (FSP 157-2). FSP 157-2 amends FASB Statement No. 157, Fair Value Measurements (SFAS 157), to delay the effective date of SFAS 157 for all non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities, except those that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis (at least annually). Examples of non-financial assets for the Company include goodwill and intangible assets associated with acquisitions. FSP 157-2 defers the effective date of SFAS 157 for items within its scope to fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008, and interim periods within those fiscal years.
· The Company adopted FASB Statement No. 159, The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (SFAS 159) as of January 1, 2008. SFAS 159 provides companies with an option to report selected financial assets and liabilities at fair value on an instrument-by-instrument basis. Unrealized gains and losses on instruments for which the fair value option has been elected are reported in earnings at each subsequent reporting date. The objective of the Statement is to reduce both complexity in accounting for financial instruments and the volatility in earnings caused by measuring related assets and liabilities differently. The Company has not elected the fair value option for any financial assets or liabilities previously reported at cost.
· FASB Staff Position, (FSP) FIN 39-1, which amends certain aspects of FASB Interpretation Number 39, Offsetting of Amounts Related to Certain Contractsan interpretation of APB Opinion No. 10 and FASB Statement No. 105 (FIN 39) became effective for the Company on January 1, 2008. The FSP amends paragraph 10 of FIN 39 to permit a reporting entity to offset fair value amounts recognized for the right to reclaim cash collateral (a receivable) or the obligation to return cash collateral (a payable) against fair value amounts, including amounts that approximate fair value, recognized for derivative instruments executed with the same counterparty under the same master netting arrangement. Derivative instruments permitted to be netted for the purposes of the FSP include those instruments that meet the definition of a derivative in FASB Statement No. 133, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities, including those that are not included in the scope of SFAS 133. The FSP only impacts the presentation of the derivatives fair value and the related collateral on the balance sheet. From time to time the Company may require or accept cash collateral, but as of June 30, 2008 the Company did not have any cash collateral receivables and payables with the same counterparty that could be offset. The FSP is not expected to have any impact on the Companys financial statements in the future as the Company does not expect to have any cash collateral receivables and payables with the same counterparty that could be offset.
· EITF Issue No. 06-11, Accounting for Income Tax Benefits of Dividends on Share-Based Payment Awards, that became effective for the Company on January 1, 2008, provides that realized income tax benefits from dividends or dividend equivalents that are charged to retained earnings and paid to employees for equity classified nonvested equity shares, nonvested equity share units, and outstanding equity share options are to be recognized as an increase to additional paid-in capital. The amount recognized in additional paid-in capital for the realized income tax benefit from dividends on those awards are to be included in the pool of excess tax benefits available to absorb tax deficiencies on share-based payment awards. The Company previously recognized tax benefits associated with dividend payments on unvested shares as a reduction of income tax expense. The change in accounting for these tax benefits under the EITF did not have a significant impact on the Companys financial statements.
· On March 19, 2008, the FASB issued FASB Statement No. 161, Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities (SFAS 161). The Statement expands disclosure requirements for derivative instruments and hedging activities. The new disclosures will address how derivative instruments are used, how derivatives and the related hedged items are accounted for under SFAS 133, how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entitys financial position, financial performance and cash flows. In addition, companies will be required to disclose the fair values of derivative instruments and their gains and losses in a tabular format. SFAS 161 is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008.
· On April 25, 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. 142-3, Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets (FSP 142-3). FSP 142-3 amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under FASB Statement No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets (SFAS 142). The intent of the FSP is to improve the consistency between the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS 142 and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the asset under FASB Statement No. 141, Business Combinations, when the underlying arrangement includes renewal or extension terms. FSP 142-3 permits an entity to use its own assumptions, based on its historical experience, about the renewal or extension of an arrangement to determine the useful life of an intangible asset. These assumptions are to be adjusted for the entity-specific factors detailed in SFAS 142. FSP 142-3 is effective on a prospective basis for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. The Company does not expect the adoption of FSP 142-3 to have a significant impact on its consolidated financial statements.
· In May 2008, the FASB issued FASB Statement No. 162, The Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (SFAS 162). SFAS 162 identifies the sources of accounting principles and the framework for selecting the principles used in the preparation of financial statements of nongovernmental entities that are presented in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. SFAS 162 becomes effective 60 days following approval from the Securities and Exchange Commission, (SEC) of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, (PCAOB) amendments to AU Section 411, The Meaning of Present Fairly in Conformity With Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. SFAS 162 is not expected to result in a change in the Companys financial reporting practices.
5. Fair Value Measurements - The Company adopted FASB Statement No. 157, Fair Value Measurements (SFAS 157) effective January 1, 2008 on a prospective basis. SFAS 157 defines fair value for financial reporting purposes as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly market transaction between market participants at the measurement date (reporting date). Under the statement, fair value is based on an exit price in the principal market or most advantageous market in which the reporting entity could transact.
For each asset and liability required to be reported at fair value, management has identified the unit of account and valuation premise to be applied for purposes of measuring fair value. The unit of account is the level at which an asset or liability is aggregated or disaggregated for purposes of applying SFAS 157. The valuation premise is a concept that determines whether an asset is measured on a standalone basis or in combination with other assets. For purposes of applying the provisions of SFAS 157, the Company measures its assets and liabilities on a standalone basis then aggregates assets and liabilities with similar characteristics for disclosure purposes.
Fair Value Hierarchy
Management employs market standard valuation techniques in determining the fair value of assets and liabilities. Inputs used in valuation techniques are based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. SFAS 157 prioritizes inputs used in valuation techniques as follows:
Level 1-Quoted market prices in an active market for identical assets and liabilities.
Level 2-Observable inputs including quoted prices (other than level 1) in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability such as interest rates, yield curves, volatilities and default rates, and inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data.
Level 3-Unobservable inputs reflect the reporting entitys own assumptions about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best information available.
If the determination of fair value measurement for a particular asset or liability is based on inputs from different levels of the fair value hierarchy, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the entire fair value measurement falls is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. Managements assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment and considers factors specific to the asset or liability measured.
Fair values for U.S. Treasury securities, marketable equity securities and trading securities, with the exception of agency securities held in the trading account, are based on quoted market prices. Securities with fair values based on quoted market prices are classified in Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy. Level 2 securities include the Companys portfolio of Federal agency, mortgage-backed, state and municipal securities for which fair values are calculated with models using quoted prices and other inputs directly or indirectly observable for the asset or liability. Prices for 99 percent of these securities are obtained through a third-party valuation source. Management reviewed the valuation techniques and assumptions used by the provider and determined that the provider utilizes widely accepted valuation techniques based on observable market inputs appropriate for the type of security being measured. Prices for the remaining securities are obtained from dealer quotes. Securities classified in Level 3 are collateralized debt obligation instruments. Fair values for these securities are obtained from dealer quotes based on discounted cash flow models. Certain assumptions used in the dealers models are not observable in the market.
The Company does not record loans at fair value with the exception of impaired loans which are measured for impairment in accordance with SFAS 114, Accounting by Creditors for Impairment of a Loan (SFAS 114). Under SFAS 114, loans measured for impairment based on the fair value of collateral or observable market prices are within the scope of SFAS 157. Loans reported at fair value in the table below were measured for impairment by valuing the underlying collateral based on third-party appraisals. These loans are classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
The Company uses interest rate swaps to manage its interest rate risk. The fair value of these swaps is obtained through third-party valuation sources that use conventional valuation algorithms. The pricing model is a discounted cash flow model that relies on inputs, such as interest rate futures, from highly liquid and active markets. The Company also enters into interest rate risk protection products with certain clients. These contracts are offset by paired trades with derivative dealers. The fair value of these derivatives is obtained from a third-party valuation source that uses conventional valuation algorithms.
To comply with the provisions of FAS 157, the Company incorporates credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect nonperformance risk for both the Company and counterparties in the fair value measurements. Although the Company has determined that the majority of the inputs used to value derivative contracts fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the credit valuation adjustments utilize Level 3 inputs, such as estimates of credit spreads. The Company has determined that the impact of the credit valuation adjustments is not significant to the overall valuation of these derivatives. As a result, the Company has classified the derivative contract valuations in their entirety in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
The fair value of foreign exchange options and transactions are derived from market spot and/or forward foreign exchange rates and are classified in Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.
Other Real Estate Owned
The fair value of OREO is based on third-party appraisals of the properties performed in accordance with professional appraisal standards and Bank regulatory requirements under FIRREA. Appraisals are reviewed and approved by the Companys appraisal department. OREO is classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
The Company records securities available-for-sale, trading securities and derivative contracts at fair value on a recurring basis. Certain other assets such as impaired loans and OREO are recorded at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. Nonrecurring fair value measurements typically involve assets that are evaluated for impairment and for which any
impairment is recorded in the period in which the remeasurement is performed. A distribution of asset and liability fair values according to the fair value hierarchy at June 30, 2008 is provided in the table below:
(1) Reported in Other assets in the Consolidated Balance Sheet.
(2) Reported in Other liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheet.
(3) Impaired loans for which fair value was calculated using the collateral valuation method.
(4) OREO balance of $9,113 included in the Consolidated Balance Sheet is net of estimated disposal costs.
The changes in Level 3 assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized in the following table. There were no purchases or sales of Level 3 assets during the period. As part of the regular quarterly review of assets, management determined that the CDOs in the Companys investment portfolio should be classified as level 3 assets. The classification as Level 3 is based on limited market liquidity for these securities, and that certain inputs to the valuation model used to determine the fair value of CDOs may not be directly observable in the markets. Unrealized gains and losses on Level 3 assets are reported as a component of other comprehensive income in the consolidated balance sheet.
FSP 157-2 issued on February 12, 2008, amends SFAS 157, to delay its effective date for all non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities, except those that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a
recurring basis (at least annually). Therefore, the Companys goodwill and customer-relationship intangibles will be subject to the provisions of SFAS 157 effective January 1, 2009.
6. Investment Securities Securities are classified based on managements intention on the date of purchase. All securities other than trading securities are classified as available-for-sale and are valued at fair value. Unrealized gains or losses on securities available-for-sale are excluded from net income but are included as separate components of other comprehensive income, net of taxes. Premiums or discounts on securities available-for-sale are amortized or accreted into income using the interest method over the expected lives of the individual securities. For most of the Companys investments, fair values are determined based upon externally verifiable quoted prices or other observable inputs. On a quarterly basis, the Company makes an assessment to determine whether there have been any events or economic circumstances to indicate that a security on which there is an unrealized loss is impaired on an other-than-temporary basis. The Company considers such factors as the length of time and the extent to which the market value has been less than cost and the Companys intent with regard to the securities in evaluating them for other-than-temporary impairment. The value of securities is reduced when unrealized losses are considered other-than-temporary, and a new cost basis is established for the securities. Any other-than-temporary loss is included in net income. Realized gains or losses on sales of securities available-for-sale are recorded using the specific identification method. Trading securities are valued at fair value with any unrealized gains or losses included in net income.
7. Shareholders Equity - The following table provides information about purchases by the Company of equity securities that are registered by the Company pursuant to Section 12 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 during the quarter ended June 30, 2008:
(1) On January 24, 2008, the Companys Board of Directors authorized the Company to repurchase 1 million additional shares of the Companys stock following the completion of its previously approved initiative. Unless terminated earlier by resolution of our Board of Directors, the program will expire when the Company has repurchased all shares authorized for repurchase thereunder. We received no shares in payment for the exercise price of stock options.
On April 23, 2008 the Corporations shareholders approved the reservation of an additional 3.5 million shares for issuance under the Corporations 2008 Omnibus Plan. In total there are 4.1 million shares available to be issued under this plan.
Basic earnings per share are based on the weighted average shares of common stock outstanding less unvested restricted shares and units. Diluted earnings per share give effect to all potential dilutive common shares, which consist of stock options and restricted shares and units that were outstanding during the period, as well as shares that may be issued under our deferred compensation plan. At June 30, 2008, there were 3,353,706 antidilutive options compared to 279,508 antidilutive options at June 30, 2007.
8. Share-Based Compensation - The Company applies FASB Statement No. 123 (revised), Share-Based Payment, (SFAS 123R) in accounting for stock option plans. The Company uses a Black-Scholes methodology to determine the stock-based compensation expense for these plans. On June 30, 2008, the Company had one stock-based compensation plan, the City National Corporation 2008 Omnibus Plan (the Plan), which was approved by the Companys shareholders on April 23, 2008. No new awards will be granted under predecessor plans. A description of the Plan is provided below. The compensation cost that has been recognized for all share-based awards was $3.7 million and $7.2 million for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2008, compared to $3.7 million and $7.1 million for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2007. The Company received $7.0 million and $15.8 million in cash for the exercise of stock options during the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and June 30, 2007, respectively. The total income tax benefit recognized in the income statement for share-based compensation arrangements was $1.3 million and $6.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively.
The Plan permits the grant of stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance shares, performance share units, performance units and stock appreciation rights, or any combination thereof, to the Companys eligible employees and non-employee directors. No grants of performance shares, performance share units, performance units or stock appreciation rights had been made as of June 30, 2008. The purpose of the Plan is to promote the success of the Company by providing an additional means to attract, motivate, retain and reward key employees of the Company with awards and incentives for high levels of individual performance and improved financial performance of the Company, and to link non-employee director compensation to shareholder interests through equity grants. Stock option awards are granted with an exercise price equal to the market price of the Companys stock at the date of grant. These awards vest in four years and have 10-year contractual terms. Restricted stock awards granted under the Plan vest over a period of at least three years, as determined by the Compensation, Nominating and Governance Committee. The participant is entitled to dividends and voting rights for all shares issued even though they are not vested. Restricted stock awards issued under predecessor plans vest over five years. The Plan provides for acceleration of vesting if there is a change in control (as defined in the Plan) or a termination of service, which may include disability or death. Unvested options are forfeited upon termination of employment, except for those instances noted above, and the case of the retirement of a retirement-age employee for options granted prior to January 31, 2006. All unexercised options expire 10 years from the grant date. At June 30, 2008 there were approximately 4.1 million shares available for future grants.
The fair value of each option award is estimated on the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option valuation methodology that uses the assumptions noted in the following table. The Company evaluates exercise behavior and values options separately for executive and non-executive employees. Expected volatilities are based on the historical volatility of the Companys stock. As of February 2008, the Company began using a 20-year look back period to calculate the volatility factor. The longer look back period reduces the impact of the recent disruptions in the capital markets, and provides values that management believes are more representative of expected future volatility. Prior to this date, the Company used a look back period equal to the expected term of the options. The Company uses historical data to predict option exercise and employee termination behavior. The expected term of options granted is derived from the historical exercise activity over the past 20 years and represents the period of time that options granted are expected to be outstanding. The risk-free rate for periods within the contractual life of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. The dividend yield is equal to the dividend yield of the Companys stock at the time of the grant.
To estimate the fair value of stock option awards, we use the Black-Scholes valuation method, which incorporates the assumptions summarized in the table below:
Using the Black-Scholes methodology, the weighted-average grant-date fair values of options granted during the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007 were $12.48 and $17.23, respectively. The total intrinsic values of options exercised during the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007 were $4.7 million, and $11.5 million, respectively.
A summary of option activity and related information under the Plan for the six-month period ended June 30, 2008 is presented below:
(1) Includes in-the-money options only
A summary of changes in unvested options and related information for the six-month period ended June 30, 2008 is presented below:
The number of options vested during the six-month period ended June 30, 2008 was 379,495. The total fair value of options vested during the six-month period ended June 30, 2008 was $6.5 million.
Restricted stock is valued at the closing price of the Companys stock on the date of award. During the six-month period ending June 30, 2008, the Compensation, Nominating and Governance Committee (the Committee) of the Companys Board of Directors awarded 169,515 shares of restricted common stock having an intrinsic value of $7.1 million. During the six-month period ending June 30, 2007, the Committee awarded 132,241 shares of restricted common stock having an intrinsic value of $10.1 million. The portion of the market value of the restricted stock related to the current service period was recognized as compensation expense during the six-month periods ending June 30, 2008 and 2007. The portion of the market value relating to future service periods was recorded as deferred equity compensation and will be amortized over the remaining vesting period. The compensation expense related to restricted stock for the first six months of 2008 was $3.1 million compared to $3.0 million for the same period in 2007. As of June 30, 2008 the unrecognized compensation cost related to restricted shares granted under the plan was $7.4 million. There were 453,773 restricted shares that had not vested as of June 30, 2008.
As of June 30, 2008, there was $25.8 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock-based compensation arrangements granted under the Plan. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.5 years.
9. Derivatives and Hedging - As part of its asset and liability management strategies, the Company uses interest-rate swaps to reduce cash flow variability and to moderate changes in the fair value of financial instruments. In accordance with SFAS 133 the Company recognizes derivatives as assets or liabilities on the balance sheet at their fair value. The treatment of changes in the fair value of derivatives depends on the character of the transaction.
In accordance with SFAS 133, the Company documents its hedge relationships, including identification of the hedging instruments and the hedged items, as well as its risk management objectives and strategies for undertaking the hedge transaction at the time the derivative contract is executed. This includes designating each derivative contract as either (i) a fair value hedge which is a hedge of a recognized asset or liability, (ii) a cash flow hedge which hedges a forecasted transaction or the variability of the cash flows to be received or paid related to a recognized asset or liability or (iii) an undesignated hedge, a derivative contract not designated as a hedging instrument whose change in fair value is
recognized directly in the consolidated statement of income. All derivatives designated as fair value or cash flow hedges are linked to specific hedged items or to groups of specific assets and liabilities on the balance sheet. As of June 30, 2008, the Company had derivative contracts with customers with a notional value of $161.1 million that would be considered undesignated hedges. As of June 30, 2007, the Company did not have any undesignated hedges.
Both at inception and at least quarterly thereafter, the Company assesses whether the derivatives used in hedging transactions are highly effective (as defined in SFAS 133) in offsetting changes in either the fair value or cash flows of the hedged item. Retroactive effectiveness is assessed, as well as the expectation that the hedge will remain effective prospectively.
For cash flow hedges, in which derivatives hedge the variability of cash flows (interest payments) on loans that are indexed to U.S. dollar LIBOR or the Banks prime interest rate, the effectiveness is assessed prospectively at the inception of the hedge, and prospectively and retrospectively at least quarterly thereafter. Ineffectiveness of the cash flow hedges is measured using the hypothetical derivative method described in Derivatives Implementation Group Issue G7, Measuring the Ineffectiveness of a Cash Flow Hedge of Interest Rate Risk under Paragraph 30(b) When the Shortcut Method is not Applied. For cash flow hedges, the effective portion of the changes in the derivatives fair value is not included in current earnings but is reported as Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). When the cash flows associated with the hedged item are realized, the gain or loss included in Accumulated other comprehensive income is recognized on the same line in the consolidated statement of income as the hedged item, i.e., included in Interest income on loans and leases. Any ineffective portion of the changes of fair value of cash flow hedges is recognized immediately in Other noninterest income in the consolidated statement of income.
For fair value hedges, the Company uses interest-rate swaps to hedge the fair value of certain certificates of deposits, subordinated debt and other long-term debt. The certificates of deposit are single maturity, fixed-rate, non-callable, negotiable certificates of deposit that pay interest only at maturity and contain no compounding features. The certificates cannot be redeemed early without penalty except in the case of the holders death. The interest-rate swaps are executed at the time the deposit transactions are negotiated. The subordinated debt and other long-term debt consists of City National Bank ten-year subordinated with a face value of $150.0 million due on September 1, 2011, and City National Corporation senior notes with a face value of $225.0 million due on February 15, 2013. Interest-rate swaps are structured so that all key terms of the swaps match those of the underlying deposit or debt transactions, therefore ensuring no hedge ineffectiveness at inception. The Company ensures that the interest-rate swaps meet the requirements for utilizing the short-cut method in accordance with paragraph 68 of SFAS 133 and maintains appropriate documentation for each interest-rate swap. On a quarterly basis, fair value hedges are analyzed to ensure that the key terms of the hedged items and hedging instruments remain unchanged, and the hedging counterparties are evaluated to ensure that there are no adverse developments regarding counterparty default, therefore ensuring continuous effectiveness. For fair value hedges, the effective portion of the changes in the fair value of derivatives is reflected in current earnings, on the same line in the consolidated statement of income as the related hedged item. For both fair value and cash flow hedges, the periodic accrual of interest receivable or payable on interest rate swaps is recorded as an adjustment to net interest income for the hedged items.
The Company also offers various derivatives products to clients and enters into derivative transactions in due course. These transactions are not linked to specific Company assets or liabilities in the balance sheet or to forecasted transactions in an accounting hedge relationship and, therefore, do not qualify for hedge accounting. They are carried at fair value with changes in fair value recorded as part of Other noninterest income in the income statement. Fair values are determined from verifiable third-party sources that have considerable experience with the derivative markets. The credit component of the fair value of these derivative contracts is calculated using an internal model.
The Company discontinues hedge accounting prospectively when (i) a derivative is no longer highly effective in offsetting changes in the fair value or cash flows of a hedged item, (ii) a derivative expires or is sold, terminated, or exercised, (iii) a derivative is un-designated as a hedge, because it is unlikely that a forecasted transaction will occur; or (iv) the Company determines that designation of a derivative as a hedge is no longer appropriate. If a fair value hedge derivative instrument is terminated or the hedge designation removed, the previous adjustments to the carrying amount of the hedged asset or liability would be subsequently accounted for in the same manner as other components of the carrying amount of that asset or liability. For interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, such adjustments would be amortized into earnings over the remaining life of the respective asset or liability. If a cash flow hedge derivative instrument is terminated or the hedge designation is removed, related amounts reported in other comprehensive income are reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged forecasted transaction affects earnings.
10. Income Taxes - The Company adopted the provisions of FASB Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes, an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109, (FIN 48) on January 1, 2007. Upon adoption, the Company recognized a cumulative effect adjustment of approximately $28 million, comprised of a $25.2 million increase to its tax liability and $2.8 million increase in accrued interest. The adjustment was recorded as a charge to January 1, 2007 retained earnings and the contingent tax reserve.
The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties relating to unrecognized tax benefits as an income tax provision expense. For the six-month period ended June 30, 2008, the Company accrued approximately $0.3 million in potential interest and penalties associated with uncertain tax positions. The Company had approximately $9.2 million and $8.9 million of accrued interest and penalties as of June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively.
The Company and its subsidiaries file a consolidated federal income tax return and also file income tax returns in various state jurisdictions. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) completed its audits of the Company for the tax years 2002 and 2003 resulting in no material financial statement impact. The Company is currently being audited by the IRS for the years 2006-2007 and by the Franchise Tax Board for the years 1998-2004. The potential financial statement impact, if any, resulting from completion of these audits cannot be determined at this time.
From time to time, there may be differences in opinion with respect to the tax treatment accorded transactions. If a tax position which was previously recognized on the financial statements is no longer more likely than not to be sustained upon a challenge from the taxing authorities, the tax benefit from the tax position will be derecognized. As of June 30, 2008, the Company does not have any tax positions which dropped below a more likely than not threshold.
11. Retirement Plans - The Company has a profit-sharing retirement plan with an Internal Revenue Code Section 401(k) feature covering eligible employees. Employer contributions are made annually into a trust fund and are allocated to participants based on their salaries. The profit sharing contribution requirement is based on a percentage of annual operating income subject to a percentage of salary cap. The Company recorded profit sharing contributions expense of $3.7 million and $8.5 million for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2008, compared to $4.2 million and $8.1 million for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2007, respectively.
The Company has a Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (SERP) for one of its executive officers. The SERP meets the definition of a pension plan per FASB Statement No. 87, Employers Accounting for Pensions. The Company applies FASB Statement No. 158, Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans (SFAS 158), in accounting for the SERP. At June 30, 2008, there was a $3.6 million unfunded pension liability related to the SERP. Pension expense for the three and six- month periods ended June 30, 2008 was $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively. Pension expense for the same periods of 2007 was $0.2 million and $0.4 million, respectively.
There is also a SERP covering three former executives of the Pacific Bank, which the Company acquired in 2000. As of June 30, 2008 there was an unfunded pension liability for this SERP of $2.3 million. Expense for both the three month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007 was insignificant. Expense for both the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007 was $0.1 million.
The Company does not provide any other post-retirement employee benefits beyond the profit-sharing retirement plan and the SERP.
12. Guarantees - In connection with the liquidation of an investment acquired in a previous bank merger, the Company has an outstanding long-term guarantee. The maximum liability under the guarantee is $23 million. The Company does not expect to make any payments under the terms of this guarantee, and accordingly, has not accrued for any portion of it.
13. Variable Interest Entities - The Company holds ownership interests in certain special-purpose entities formed to provide affordable housing. The Company evaluates its interest in these entities to determine whether they meet the definition of a variable interest entity (VIE) and whether the Company is required to consolidate these entities. None of the Companys investments in VIEs met the criteria for consolidation at June 30, 2008, December 31, 2007, or June 30, 2007. The Company initially records its investment in these entities at cost, which approximates the maximum exposure to loss as a result of its involvement with these unconsolidated entities. Subsequently, the carrying value is amortized over the stream of available tax credits and benefits. The Company expects to recover its investments over time, primarily through realization of federal low-income housing tax credits. The balance of affordable housing investments was $70.6 million, $73.6 million and $67.2 million at June 30, 2008, December 31, 2007, and June 30,
2007, respectively. Affordable housing VIEs are included in Affordable housing investments in the consolidated balance sheet with associated income reported in Other noninterest income in the consolidated statement of income.
The Company also has ownership interests in several private equity and alternative investment funds that are variable interest entities. The Company is not required to consolidate these VIEs. The Company carries its investment in these entities at cost, which approximates the maximum exposure to loss as a result of its involvement with these entities. The Company expects to recover its investments over time, primarily through the allocation of fund income or loss, gains or losses on the sale of fund assets or interest income. The balance in these entities was $31.8 million, $28.4 million and $20.6 million at June 30, 2008, December 31, 2007, and June 30, 2007, respectively, and is included in Ot